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THE 

PARLIAMENTARY 

O    R 
CONSTITUTIONAL 

Hiftory  of  England; 

BEING    A 

FAITHFUL     ACCOUNT 

Of  all  the 

Moft  remarkable  TRANSACTION  f 

In  PARLIAMENT, 
From    the    earlieft    TIMES, 

TO     THE 

Reftoration  of  King  CHARLES  II, 

COLLECTED 

From  the  RECORDS,  the  JOURNALS  of  both  HOUSES,  original 
MANUSCRIPTS,  fcarce  SPEECHES,  and  TRACTS  ;  all  com- 
pared with  the  feveral  Contemporary  Writers,  and  connected, 
throughout,  with  the  Hiftory  of  the  Times. 

By    SEVERAL    HANDS. 

Juvat  integrofs  accedere   Fontes, 
VOL.     XII. 

From  the  Call  of  the  Houfc  of  Commons,  November  i,  1642,  till  thq 
Convention  at  Oxford,  in  January  1643. 

The     SECOND     EDITION. 
LONDON, 

Printed,  and  fold  by  WILLIAM  SANDBY,  againft  St.  Dnr.f-ans  CburfZ, 
'Fleet-Street.    M  D  C  C  L  XII. 


THE 


Parliamentary    H  iftor  y 


O     F 


ENGLAND. 


the  firft  of  November  the  Commons  An 
O   ^  ordered,  That  all  their  Members,  living 
within  fixty  Miles  of  London,  and  not 
employed  in  the  Service  of  that  Houfe, 
fhould  attend  within  three  Days;   all  atThe  Comni 
a  farther  Diftance,  within  eight  Days ;  and  that  fuch  nqnire  the  °At- 
as  did  not  appear  within  the  Times  limited,  fhould  tendance  of  their 
be  fentforbyMefiengers,  who  were  to  bring  them  Up.Members- 

This  Order  was  occafioned  by  the  Thinnefs  of 
the  Houfe,  for  fome  Months  paft,  which  appears 
by  the  following  Divifions  extracted  from  their  "jour- 
nals. The  moft  material  Points,  which  gave  Oc- 
cafion  to  thefe,  have  been  taken  Notice  of  in  their 
pfoper  Order  of  Time  :  The  Numbers,  only,  will 
be  therefore  fufficient  for  this  Review. 
June  27.  42  againft  27.  Aug.  15.  42  againfr  3  3.  The  State  of  that 

• 30.  49  againft  35.     17.  43  againft  16. Houle  »£  tftili 

July    9.  125  againft  45.     • 27.  69  againft  26. Time* 

19.  69  againft  5 1.     Sept.     2.    40  againft  29. 

23.  89  againft  43.     — —  29.  53  againft  36. 

26.  50  againft  33.     In  Gfiober  not  one  D;vi- 

28.  82  againft  32.         lion  enter'd. 

VOL.  XII.  A  It 


1272169 


The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

It  may  very  juflly  be  inquired,  What  could  occa* 
fion  fuch  an  Abfence,  at  a  Time  when  fo  great  a 
Number  of  Refolutions  pats'd,  deeply  affecting  the 
November.  Conftitution  of  this  Kingdom  f — A  brief  Recapitu- 
lation of  fome  Tranfachons  in  our  latt  Volume  will 
iupply  an  Anfwer. 

It  may  be  remembered  that  there  was  a  Call  of 
the  Houfe  on  the  i6th  of  June  lad  ;  and,  on  that 
Occafion,  a  Refolution  pafs'd,  by  a  Majority  of  147 
Voices  againft  91,  That  none  of  the  Abfentces 
fhould  be  admitted  to  take  their  Seats,  till  they  had 
made  their  Excufe  to  a  Committee  appointed  for 
thatPurpofe,  and  that  Excufe  reported  and  allowed 
of  by  the  Houfe.  Moft  of  the  Members  then  abfent, 
whofe  Names  are  entered  in  the  Commons  Joitr-* 
naif  of  that  Day,  were  with  the  King  at  York  ;  and 
as  they  could  have  little  Reafon  to  expecl:  That  Ex- 
cufe for  their  Abfence  would  be  accepted  by  the 
Houfe,  it  is  very  probable  few  of  them  ever  returned. 
— Add  to  this,  That 

After  the  King  had  ifTued  his  Commiflion  of  Ar- 
ray many  more  Members  left  the  Houfe,  and  went 
into  their  feveral  Counties  to  put  the  fame  into  Ex- 
ecution :  And  others  were  fent,  at  the  fame  Time, 
by  the  Parliament  to  execute  their  Ordinance  for  the 
Militia ;  moft  of  the  Deputy-Lieutenants  being 
Members  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

When  the  Commons,  on  the  eleventh  Day  of 
Auguft  laft,  voted,  That  they  would  fupport  the  Earl 
of  EJ/ex  with  their  Lives  and  Fortunes,  they  alfo 
refolved,  That  every  Member,  then  abfent,  mould 
declare  himfelf  at  his  next  coming  into  the  Houfe  ; 
which  undoubtedly  kept  away  many  who  had  not 
Courage  enough  to  make  that  Declaration  ;  whilft 
fome  others,  of  a  more  refolute  Difpofition,  loft  their 
Lives,  on  both  Sides  of  the  Queftion,  at  the  late 
Battle  of  Edge- Hill.  Laftly, 

During  the  Months  of  Auguft  and  September  laft, 
near  fifty  Members  had  been  expelled  the  Houfe ; 
and,  though  Writs  were  iflued  out  for  fupplying 
their  Places,  it  is  hardly  to  be  imagined  that  many 
new  Elections  could  be  made  at  a  Time  when  the 

Orders 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  3 

Orders  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  were  as  little  re-  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
gardW  by  the  Sheriffs  and  returning  Officers  of  fome 
Counties,  as  the  King's  Proclamations  by  others  5 
and  when  a  confiderable  Part  of  the  Kingdom  was 
covered  by  two  oppofite  Armies. 

The  Names  of  the  Members  fo  expelled,  with 
the  Reafons  of  their  Expulfion,  and  the  Places  they 
ferved  for,  may  not  be  improper  ;  as  they  tend  to 
illuftrate  many  PafTages  in  the  fucceeding  Volumes 
of  this  Work.  a 

MEMBERS  expelled  in  the  Month  e/Auguft,  1642, 

4  *Rob*rt^  Hide,  Serjeant  at  £   Ngw-S*rum. 

5  *Sir  Ralph  Hopton,  Knight  7    *„  ,, 

of  the  Bath,  J 

—  *Tloomas  Smith,  -Efq;  Bridgeivater. 

8  *Sir  John  Pawlett,    Kt.       J 

—  •  *Sir  John  Stawell,    Knight  >   Somerfetjhire, 

of  the  Bafby  3 

9  Sir  Nicholas  Slanningi  Kt.         Penryn. 
3O  John  Griffith,  Efq;  Beaumaris. 
II  *  Edward  Hydt,  Efq;  Saltafi. 

—  *Robert  Holborne,   Efq;  MichelL 


—  *  Edward  Kirtcn,  Efq;  Milborn-Port. 
12  *John  Coventry,  Efqj  Evejham. 

—  *Sir  Edward  Rodney,   Kt.  Wells. 

1  6  *  Nicholas  Wejlon,  Efq;  Stafford. 

—  *Col.  George  Goring,  Portfmouth. 
2O  *Sir  John  Packington,  Bart.  Aylejlury. 

—  *Sir  H.  Herbert,   Knt.  Bewdley. 

—  ^Samuel  Sandys,  Efq;  Droitwitch. 

The  three  laft  for  executing  the  Commiffion  of 
Array. 

22  *Gervafe  Holies,  Efq;  Grimfby. 

A  2  Jug. 

a  For  thofe  Place*  diftinguifhed  thus  *  the  Journals  only  take 
Notice  of  Writs  being  iffued  for  new  ElefHons  j  and  where  we  have 
not  mentioned  the  Reafons  for  the  Expulfion  ot  the  refpeftive  Mem- 
bers, none  are  afligned  by  thofc  Authorities, 


4         ffle  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.  Aug.  2.6.     Sir  William  Wld-  \    Ar     ,       ,     ,     , 
6    ,  v  >    Northumberland* 

dnngton,   Knt.  $ 

^^^     —  Sir  William  Carnaly,  Kt.         Morpetb. 

The  laft  two  for  refufing  to  attend  the  Service 
of  the  Houfe. 

29  Orlando  Bridgeman,  Efq;         JPi«an. 
For  aflifting  Lord  Strange  at  Che/ler. 


Kirkby^  Efq;  LaXcaJbirg* 

30  Sir  Richard  Cavs,  Knt,          Litchfidd. 

MEMBERS  expelled  in  September,   1642. 
2  *ChriJlopker  Lewkener,  Efq;  Cbichejier, 
eSlrWl/lamSavile,   Knt.  1    ^  5 

tf«^  Bart.  5 


,  Efq;  York/hire. 

—  John  Bellafys,  Efq;  57;/r^. 

—  Sir  Henry  Sling/by^  Bart.  Knar  eft)  rough. 

—  Sir  Thomas  Danby^    Knt.  Richmond. 

—  Sir  George  Wentworth*  of  1     n       r     n 

7i,   ,       v  >    Pontefraft. 

Wooley,  Knt.  5 

—  Sir  Thomas  Ingrain*  Knt.        Thirjke. 

—  William  Mallory,  Efq;  Ripon. 

—  Richard  Aldburgh,  Efq;  Aldburgb. 

The  lad  nine  for  negle&ing  the  Service  of  the 
Houfe,  and  fetting  their  Hands  to  a  Petition 
contrived  in  Yarkjhirey  and  fent  up  to  Par- 
liament. b 

—  Sir  y<?^»  StrangivayeS)  Knt.  Weymoutb. 

For  neglecting  the  Service  of  Parliament. 

—  Sir  Richard  Lee  Bart.  £?/<?/>. 

—  Sir  Robert  Hoiuard,  Knt.  7     r>-/i       /^  /j/ 

of  the  ^/A,  [    Bfiops-CaJVe. 

•j  Sir  Chrifl.  Hatton^  Knt.          Higham  Ferrers. 

—  Sir  Robert  Hatton,  Knt.         CaJlle-Rtfing. 

Thcfc  four  for  executing  the  Gommiffion  of 
Array  after  it  was  declared  illegal,  and  for 
not  appearing  on  Summons. 

Sept. 
fc  This  Petition  may  be  found  in  our  Eleventh  Volume, 


Of     ENGLAND. 

Sept.  7.   Geoffrey  Palmer,   Efq;          Stamford. 
For  not  appeal  ing  on  Summons. 

TT          ^  7       T-/-  r\          •  r  November. 

— Henry  Coke,   Efq;  Dunwicb. 

— Sir  Tbo.  Fan/haw,  Knt.  Lancajhr. 

Thefe  two  for  neglecting  the  Service  of  the 
Houfe,  and  not  appearing  on  Summons. 

12  Richard  Rogers,   Efq;  Dqrfttjbirt. 

For  fending  Forces  into  Sherborne  Caflle. 

-— Richard  Herbert,  Efq;  Montgomery. 

For  putting  the  CommifHon  of  Array  in  Execu- 
tion in  the  County  Salop. 

1 6  *  Tho.  Cbicbelty,  Efq;  Cambridge fnire. 

1 8  Sir  Be  vile  Grenville,  Knt.        Cornwall. 

22  Lord    Vifcount   Falkland,  \    ^ 

23  Sir  "Frederick  Cormualli^  1     r> 

Knt.  of  the  Bath.  5    J 

29  Sir  Ralph   Sydenham.i  Knt.      Boffiney. 

We  meet  with  no  Expulfions  of  Members  in 
Oflober ;  but,  on  the  24th  of  that  Month,  one  Gen- 
tleman was  in  very  great  Danger  of  lofing  his  Seat, 
if  he  had  not  inftantly  complied  with  the  Terms  re- 
quired by  the  Houfe  for  his  Continuance  in  it :  For 
we  find  in  the  Journals  of  this  Day,  That  the  Vote 
for  afliftir.g  the  Earl  of  EJJex,  6'c.  being  read  to 
Sir  John  Evelyn,  Member  for  Blecbingley,  and  his 
Anfwer  demanded,  he  defired  Time  to  confider  of 
that  Vote  ;  upon  which  he  was  ordered  to.  with^ 
draw.  Then  the  Houfe  fell  into  Confideration  of 
the  Quality  of  his  Offence  ;  and  finding,  That  if  any 
Member  might  have  Liberty,  when  a  Queftion  was 
propofed,  to  refufe  giving  any  Anfwer,  it  would  de- 
ihoy  the  Courfe  and  Proceedings  of  Parliament :  It 
was  thereupon  refolved,  c  That  the  faid  Sir  John 
Evtlyn  (hall  be  fufpended  from  the  Houfe,  difarmed 
by  the  Deputy-Lieutenants  of  Surrey,  and  commit- 
ted Prifoner  to  the  Tower  during  the  Pleafure  of  that 

Houfe.' But  Sir  John  Evelyn  defiring  to  be  heard 

A  3  before 


6         The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.  before  Judgment  given;    and,    his  Requeft  being 
1642.        complied  with,  he  declared  himfelf  in  the  Affirma- 
*"~""V7*-'    tive  to  the  Vote  concerning  the  Earl  of  EJftx,  and 
r*     offered  to  lend  100  /.  upon  the  Propofitions.    The/ 
Houfe  accepted  his  Anfwer  and  his  Offer,  and  im- 
mediately ordered,    That   the  former  Votes    and 
Sentences  {hould  be  revoked. 

Thus  much  may  fuffice  to  give  a  View  of  the 
State  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  during  the  laft  five 
Months :  We  fhall,  now,  proceed  with  the  Bufi- 
nefs  of  Parliament. 

Both  Houfes  had  been  bufy  in  making  Orders 
for  oppofing  Sir  Ralph  Hopton's  Armament,  in  the 
Weft  of  England r,  and  the  other  in  Wales,  men-- 
tioned  in  Secretary  Nicholas's  Letter ;  which  had 
been  communicated  to  the  Citizens  of  London  at 
the  Guildhall,  by  the  Earl  of  Pembroke,  on  the  2;th 
of  the  laft  Month. 

?roceedings  to-  Thefe  two  new  raifed  Armies  appeared  fo  formi- 
wardsaPcace.  dable  to  the  Parliament,  that,  in  all  Probability,  it 
itirred  up  the  late  Motion  for  fettling  a  Peace,  and 
brought  on  the  further  Confitleration  of  it  this  Day, 
November  2.  The  Refult  of  which  was,  That  to 
prevent  the  further  Effufion  of  Blood,  and  to  fettle 
the  prefent  Diftraftions  of  the  Kingdom,  a  Confe- 
rence fhould  be  held,  in  which  the  following  Letter 
{hould  be  communicated  to  the  Commons,  which, 
the  Committee  of  Safety  had  received  from  their 
Lord-General,  in  anfwer  to  one  wrote  to  him  on 
this  Occafion. 

My  Lords  and  Gentlemen, 

The  Earl  of  EJ-  TffaVe  received  a  Letter  from  you,  that  mentions  an 
'0  bumble  Petition  to  be  directed  to  his  Majcjlv,  to 
/ave  the  Effufun  of  more  Blood.  In  the  f.rft  Place* 
1  ought  to  acknowledge  the  Favour  of  your  dejiring  to 
bear  frcm  me,  before  you  fend  it.  In  tb:  fecond 
Place,  To  declare  that  an  happy  Accommodation  for  the 
Advancement  of  Religion,  the  Flourishing  of  thisKing- 
dcni,  with  its  antitKt  Rights,  the  Saving  the  Effufan 

of 


Of    ENGLAND.  7 

of  more  Blood,  and  tie  uniting  Us  Majefly  to  bis  Par-  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
litfftient,  none  fuail  pray  f»r  more,  nor  receive  with         1642. 
more  Joy,   than  m\jelf.  ^T~V~\?t 

If  7  had  not,  by  the  Commands  of  the  Parliament  > 
been  here  to  govern  this  Army,  I  fiould  have  given 
my  Attendance  upon  you  j  and  fiould  have  aifcharged 
my  Conference,  to  the  beji  of  my  Abilities,  honeftly  end 
clearly ;  but,  being  abfent,  and  not  hearing  the  De- 
bates, nor  from  whence  this  hath  rifen,  I  mujl  fubmit 
myfelf  to  iheir  greater  Judgments ;  and  Jhall,  with 
all  Obedience,  fubinit  both  to  what  they  /hall  do  \  and 
to  city  their  former  Commands  to  advance  towards 
London,  to  inter pofe,  with  my  uimcjl^  between  them 
and  all  Dangers. 

Your  Lordfhips 

fJyrtbamptiri,    ? 

AVf.  i,  1642. 5  Humble  Servant, 

ESSEX., 

Notwithftanding  the  laft- mentioned  Military  Pre- 
parations, and  the  Earl  of  EJfex's  Declaration  of  his 
Readinefs  to  inarch  towards  London,  both  Houfes 
thought  fit  to  proceed  in  their  pacific  Meafuresj  and 
ordered  a  Petition  to  the  King,  to  be  drawn  up  for 
thatPurpofe:  But,  previous  to  this,  'left  the  Affec- 
tions of  the  People  ihould  grow  cold/  as  mf.Pymmf 
expreffed  himfelf  at  the  Conference,  a  Declaration 
was  to  be  publifhed  to  this  Purport : 

'  Whereas   the  Lords   and  Commons  have  or- Both  Houfcs  at 

*  dered,  That  it  fliould  be  referred  to  the  Committee the  fame  Time 
<  for  Safety  of  the  Kingdom,  to  prepare  Heads  for Ee'eT  *** 

*  an  humble  Addrefs  to  his  Majefty,  for  compofmg 
1  the  prefent  Differences  and  Diftraclions,  and  fet- 

*  tling  the  prefent  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  and  to 
'  prefent  k  to  the  Houfe  :  Yet  to  prevent  all  Mif- 
'  conftructions  or  Neglects,  whereby  our  juft  De- 

*  fence  may  be  hindered,  we  do  declare,  That  the 

*  Preparations  of  Forces,   and   all   other  neceffary 
«  Means  for  the  Defence  of  the  Proteftant  Religion, 

*  the  Privileges  of  Parliament,  and  the  Laws  and 
'  Liberties  of  the  Subject,  iball  be  profecuted  with. 
4  all  Vigour.' 

The 


8         *Ihe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.      The  Lords  agreed  to  this  Declaration,  and  or- 
I04--,       dered  it  to  be  forthwith  printed  and  publifhed. 

^— ^*y~"^^ 

Nov.  3.  A  Draught  of  this  Petition,  or  Addrefs, 
to  the  King,  was  read  by  the  Lords  this  Day  ;  and, 
afterwards,  agreed  to  by  both  Houtes,  as  follows  : 

Their  Petition  JTfE  your  Majcjly's  mojl  loyal  Subjects,  the  Lords 
t  e  ing  or  rr  anj  Commons  in  Parliament  ajjembled^  being 
affetted  with  a  deep  and  piercing  Senfg  of  the  Miferies 
of  this  Kingdom^  and  of  the  Danger  of  his  Majefty's 
Perfen,  as  the  prcfent  Affairs  now  Jiand-y  and  much 
quickened  therein  with  the  fad  Confederation  of  the 
great  Effufion  of  Blood  at  the.  late  Battle,  and  of  the 
JLofs  of  fo  many  eminent  Perfons  :  And  further  weigh- 
ing the  Addition  of  Lofs,  Mifery,  and  Danger  to  yci-.r 
Majefty  and  your  Kingdom,  which  mujl  enjue,  if  both 
Armies  fhould  again  join  in  another  Battle;  as,  with- 
out God's  efpecial  BleJJing,  end  your  Majeftys  Con- 
currence with  your  Houjts  of  Parliament^  wilt  not 
probably  be  avoided  \  we  cannot  but  believe  that  a 
fuitable  Imprejjion  of  Tendernejs  and  Covipajjion  is 
wrought  in  your  Majtft'/s  Royal  Heart,  being  your- 
felf  an  Eye-Witnefs  of  the  bhody  and  forrowful  De- 
Jirufiion  of  fo  many  of  your  Subj£™s  j  and  that  your 
'  Majefty  doth  apprehend  what  Diminution  of  your  own 
Power  and  Greatnefs  will  follow  ;  and  that  all  your 
Kingdoms  will  thereby  be  fa  weakened^  as  to  become 
fubjcft  to  the  Attempts  of  any  ill- affected  to  this 
State. 

In  all  which  Refpetfs  we  aJJ'ure  ourfches,  that  your 
Majcfty  will  be  inclined  graciniijly  to  accept  this  out- 
humble  Petition,  that  the  Alifcry  and  Defoliation  of 
this  Kingdom  may  be  Jpeedily  removed  and  prevented \ 
for  the  effecting  whereof  we  msjl  humbly  befcech  \o:*r 
Majefty  to  appoint  fame  convenient  Place,  not  far  from 
the  City  of  London,  inhere  year  Alajtlly  will  be 
file  a  fed  to  re  fide  ^  untill  Committees  of  Lit  h  Houfes  of 
Parliament  may  attend  your  Majejly,  with  fome  Pro- 
psfitions  for  the  Removal  of  thefe  bloody  Diftempen 
and  Di/ira^ions,  and  fettling  the  State  of  the  King- 
dtmt  in  fu.h  a  Manner  as  may  conduce  ti  the  Prejer- 

vatton 


Of   ENGLAND.         9 

Cation  cf  God's  true  Religion  ,  your  Majefty  s  Honour,  An.  18.  Car  }„ 
Safety,  and  Profperity  ;  and  to  the  Peace,  Comfort, 
and  Security  of  all  ysur  People. 

The  Houfes  next  confidered  of  the  Manner  of 
delivering  this  Petition  to  the  King;  and,  fince  the 
Way  they  lent  their  laft  was  fo  difagreeable  to  him, 
it  was  thought  proper,  That  a  Committee  of  Lords 
and  Commons  fhould  be  fent  with  it  :  But,  firfl, 
that  a  Letter  fhould  be  wrote  to  one  of  the  Secre- 
taries of  State,  or  fome  Peer  near  his  Majefty,  to 
defire  a  Safe-Conduct  for  thefe  Perfons  ;  and  that  a 
Trumpet  fhould  be  fent  before  the  Meffenger,  to 
defire  a  Safe-Conduct  for  the  Delivery  of  their  Letter. 
Accordingly  the  Lord  Grey  of  Werk,  Speaker  of  the 
Houfe  of  Lords  pro  Tempore,  wrote  the  following 
Letter,  directed  to  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lord 
Vifcount  Falkland,  Principal  Secretary  to  his  Ma- 
jefty, or,  in  his  Abfence,  for  Mr.  Secretary  Nicho- 
las, or  any  of  the  Lords  the  Peers,  attending  his 
Majefty. 

My  Lords, 

J  Am  commanded,  by  the  Lords  the  Peers,  and  Com-  Lord  G«/s  Let- 
•*•    mans  ajjembled  in  Parliament,  ty  addrefs,  by  you,  ter»  deiiring  a 
their  bumble  Defer  es  to  bis  Majefty,  that  be  would  *r^'£SJ"**r 

i      r   r  /  •     o    r    /~>       t    n  /-^  •  ,Jhsir  Meflengcrs. 

pleajea  to  grant  his  ^aje-Londiici  to  a  Lommittee  of 
Lords  and  Commons  to  pafs  and  repafs  unto-  his  Ma- 
jefty, who  are  directed  to  attend  him  zuith  an  humble 
petition  from  bis  Parliament. 

This  being  all  I  have  in  Commifjion,  I  rcjl 

Your  aflUred  Friend  and  Servant, 


WJhmnJlcr,    this 

"  '^  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers 

pro  Tempore. 


Nothing  intervened,  worth  Notice,  till  the  5th  ; 
when  the  Lord  Grey  received  an  Anfwer  to  his 
Letter  to  the  Secretary,  which  was  read. 

To 


ro       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  »8.  Car.  l.To  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lord  Grey  of  Werk9 
l_^*—_j  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  pro  Tempore. 

November.  My  Lord, 

"Which  is  grant-  T  T^  Maje/ly  hath  commanded  me,  in  Anfwer  to 
ed  by  the  King.  -*^  your  Lord/hip's  of  the  third  prefent,  to  fignify 
to  you,  That  he  always  hath  been,  and  is  Jlill,  ready 
to  receive  the  humble  Petition  of  either  or  both  Houfes 
of  Parliament  j  and  Jhall  take  Order,  that  a  Com- 
mittee of  Lords  and  Commons  may  pafs  and  repafs  to 
him,  with  the  Petition  cf  both  Houfes,  as  is  de/ired  j 
fo  as  the  /aid  Committee  confifts  of  Perfons  that  have 
not  been  by  his  Majejiy,  either  by  Name,  declared 
Traitors ;  or  otherwife,  in  fame  cf  his  Declarations  of 
Proclamations,  executed  againft  by  Name,  with  his  In- 
tention declaring  to  proceed  againft  them  as  Traitors  ; 
and  fo  as  the  faid  Committee  come  not  with  more  than 
ihirty  Perfons  in  their  Company,  and  give  Notice  be- 
fore-hand ofiheir  coming  :  jlnd  for  the  faid  Commit- 
tee's better  Security,  his  Majejiy,  upon  the  Receipt  of 
their  Names,  will  give  a  Safe-Conduft  for  them  under 
his  Hand  and  Signet.  This  being  all  I  have  in  Com- 
mand to  deliver  to  your  Lordjhip,  I  humbly  rejl 
'  Your  Lorclfhip's 

Reading,  Nov.  4, 164*.  Moft  humble  Servant, 

ED.  NICHOLAS. 

To  this  Letter,  the  Lord  Grey  was  dire&ed  to 
return  the  following  Anfwer;  but  fince  this  Anfwer 
and  the  confequent  Rejoinders  were  the  chief  Bufi- 
nefs  of  fome  Days,  we  {hall  put  them  all  together, 
for  the  Reader's  greater  Eafc  in  the  Perufal. 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lord  Vifcount  Falk- 
land, Principal  Secretary  to  his  Majefty  ;  or,  in 
his  Abfcnce,  to  any  of  the  Lords  the  Peers  at- 
tending his  Majefty, 

My  Lord, 

Several  other     J  Have  received  a  Command  from  the  Lords  sind 
Letters  in  confe--*    Commons  in  Parliament,  to  fend  you  the  Names  of 
rcot;  two  Lords;  that  is  to  fay,  Algernon  Earl  */ North- 
umberland, 


Of    ENGLAND.          n 

umberland,   Philip  Earl  of  Pembroke  and  Mont-  An.  18.  Car.  !. 

gornery,  and  of  four  Members  of  the  Hoitfe  of  Com- 

mons, Mr.  Pierrepont,  the  Lord  Wenman,  Sir  John 

Evelin  of  Wilts,    and  Sir  John  Hippifly  ;  being  the 

Committees  of  both  Houfe  s  appointed  to  attend  his  Ma- 

jefty  with  an  bumble  Petition  diretted  from  them  to  his 

Majefty  ;  defiring  your  Lordjhlp  will  be  pleafed  to  move 

his  Majefly  to  fend  a  Safe-ConducJ,    to  pafs  and  re- 

$afs,  under  his  Rcyal  Hand  and  Signet,  for  the  f  eve* 

ral  Perfons  aforementioned. 

This  being  all  that  1  have  in  Commijfiony   I  rejl 

Your  Lordfhip's  Friend  and  Servant, 


Weftminfter,  tti,  yb  GREY    of 

°f  N1°6v4e2n;ber'  Speaker  to  the  Houfe  of  Peers 

pro  Temp  ore. 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lord  Grey  of  Werk* 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  pro  Temper  e. 

My  Lord, 

JrOUR  Lordjhtfs  Letter,  of  the  fifth  of  No- 
vember  I  Jhewed  his  Majejiy,  who  hath  expreJJy 
commanded  me  to  return  your  Lordjhlp  this  Anfwer 
in  thefe  few  Words,  That  his  Majefty  hath  fent 
(which  I  have  inclofed)  a  Safe  -Conduct,  under  his 
Royal  Hand  and  Signet,  for  the  Earl  ^Northumber- 
land, and  the  Earl  of  Pembroke  and  Montgomery, 
Mr.  Pierrepoint,  the  Lord  Wenman,  and  Sir  John 
Hippifly  ;  but  hath  not  admitted  Sir  John  Evelin  of 
Wilts  to  attend  him,  as  being  included  in  the  Excep- 
tion made  by  his  Majefly  in  the  Letter  fent  by  Mr. 
Secretary  Nicholas  to  your  Lordjhip  of  the  ^th,  as  by 
the  inclofed  Proclamation,  proclaimed  at  his  Majejiy'  s 
Court  at  Oxford,  and  ff.nt,  with  a  Writ  fealed,  into 
the  County  of  Wilts,  will  appear.  His  Majejiy  hath 
likewife  commanded  me  to  fignify  to  your  Lord/hip^ 
That  in  cafe  the  Houfesjball  think  Jit  to  fend  any  other 
Perfon  in  the  Place  of  Sir  John  Evelin,  that  is  not 
included  in  the  Exception  made  in  Mr.  Secretary's 
Letter  before-mentioned,  his  Majefly  hath  commanded 
all  his  Officers,  Ss!diersy  and  other  Subjefts,  to  fuffer 

him 


12>         The  Parliamentary  Hi  6  TOR  v 

Aq.  18.  Car.  I.  him  as  freely  to  fafs  and  repnfs  as  if  his  Name  bacf 

1642.        been  particularly  comprifed  in  this  Safe-Condi4fl '. 
November  being  all  that  I  have  in  Commfjfion^  I  rejl 

Your  Lordfhip's  humble  Servant, 

Reading,  tbit  6/$ 

(f  November,  FALKLAND. 

1642. 

His    Majcfty's    SAFE-CONDUCT. 

CHARLES  R. 

f\U  R  Will  and  Pleasure  is,   and  we  da  hereby 
^~*  Jlriftly  charge  and  command  all  the  Officers  and 

Soldiers  of  cur  present  Army^  and  all  our  Minijhrs 
and  Subjects  tvhatfievery  10  fufer  our  Right  Trujiy 
apd  Right  Well-beloved  Coujins  and  Counfellors  Al- 
gernon £ar/c/~  Northumberland,  and  Philip  Earl  of 
Pembroke  and  Montgomery,  and  our  Right  Trujly 
and  Right  Well- helmed  Coufm  Thomas  Lord  Vif- 
count  \Venman,  and  our  Irufty  and  Well-beloved 
William  Pierrepont,  Efq\  and  Sir  John  Hippifly, 
Knight^  (together  with  their  Attendants y  not  exceed- 
ing the  Number  of  Thirty)  to  pafs  and  repafs  to  and 
from  i^,  they  being  now  Jcnt  to  attend  us  with  a  Pe- 
tition from  both  our  ffoujfs  of  Parliament.  This  our 
Safe-Condu£t)  under  our  Royal  Hand  and  Signet^  w: 
charge  and  command  them,  and  every  of 'them ,  punc- 
tually to  obferue  and  obey,  as  they  will  anfwer  the  con- 
trary at  thetr  ultermcft  Perils. 

Given  at  our  Court  at  Reading,  this  6th  of  No- 
vember,   1642. 

TheKiaghtving  Then  was  read  the  Proclamation,  mentioned  in 
«bjeaed  againft  Lord  Falkland'?,  Letter,  as  a  Reafon  why  the  King 
^>^;'t£sexcepted  againlt  Sir  John  Evelin  t  as  one  of  the 
Coasnttce,  Commiflioners  j  after"  which  a  great  Debate  enfued 


C  Sir  John  Eveli'n,   Sir  Edward  tfur^erferJ,  Sir   Henry  luJ'nv, 
and  Walter  Long,  Efq;   all  of  them  Members  of  the  Hcufe  of  Com- 
roons,  were,  by  Nnni^,  t-xcepted  in  the  King's  Proclamation  of  Par- 
•.:.»  :-j  tlic County  of  If'iln,  dated  at  Oxford,  November  2.   164;. 
Ilujbands>t  Cotleftiem,  p.  730. 


'Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.          13 

in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  the  Queflion  being  put,  An.  iS.  Car.  i. 
Whether  the  Lord  Falkland's  laft  Anfvver  fhould  be        l6*2' 

fent  to  the  Commons  with  the  Senf'e  of  this  Houfe    <rT^vT~-' 
.    ,     ^         rr   i  r        i      i  i      November. 

upon  it,  or  without  it :    it  palled  for  the  latter,  and 

was  fent  down  accordingly. 

November  7.  The  Earl  of  EJJex  being  this  Day 
in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  they  received  a  MefTage  from 
the  Commons,  importing,  That  now  the  Lord- 
General  was  returned,  they  ought  to  remember  his 
great  Care  of  the  Army  and  Hazard  of  his  Perfon, 
which  he  {bewecl  in  this  Expedition  :  And,  to  that 
Purpofe,  they'defired  the  Lords  to  join  with  them 
in  appointing  a  Committee  of  both  Houfes,  to  draxv 
up  an  Acknowledgement  of  Thanks  for  his  Care, 
and  for  his  Obedience  to  their  Commands. 

A  Committee  of  both  Houfes  was,  accordingly, 
appointed  to  draw  up  an  Addrefs  of  Thanks  to  the 
Lord-General.  The  Commons  further  defired  that 
his  Excellency  might  be  commanded  to  give  his  Or- 
ders to  draw  out  the  Army,  as  fpeedily  and  as  con- 
veniently as  he  could,  for  the  Defence  of  the  King- 
dom, and  to  prevent  the  Outrages  of  the  King's 
Treops ;  that  Houfe  being  informed  that  Prince 
Rupert  was  now  about  Windfor. 

To  this  the  Lord-General  faid,  That  the  Army 
had  had  a  long  March  ;  but,  as  foon  as  they  were 
fit,  he  would  quarter  them  In  fuch  Places  as  {hould 
be  moil  convenient  for  the  Prefervation  of  thofe 
Parts. 

The  fame  Day  the  Commons  fent  up  a  Vote  of 
their  Houfe,  on  the  King's  Objection  to  Sir  John 
Eveliri)  to  this  Purpofe  : 

Refblved,  '  That  this  Houfe  holds  it  to  be  a  De-gotij  Houfes  &•- 
rial  in  his  Majefty,  and  a  Refufal  to  grant  a  Treaty  dare  this  to  be  a 
with  the  Parliament,  in  excepting  unto  one  Of  the  Re(ufal  of  PCACC 
MefTengers  that  were  to  prefent  a  Petition  unto  him.0" 
from  both  Houfes,  and  denying  to  grant  him  a  Safe- 
Conduct.' 

The  Queftion  being  put,  by  the  Lords,  Whether 
the  King's  Safe-Conduct  (houid  be  accepted  upon 
thefe  Terms  ?  It  paflTed  in  the  Negative. 

After 


14        'The  Parliamentary  His  TOR  v 

As.  iS.  Car.  I.      After  this'a  Committee  of  both  Houfes  were  ap- 
1641.        pointed  to  go  into  the  City  of  London,    to  acquaint. 
^7— v-— '    the  Common-Hall  with   all   the    Ways  the   Far- 
e-van tr.     ijament  nac]  ufe(j  to  procure  a  Treaty  for  a  Peace, 
without  being  able  to  effect  it ;  and  to  quicken  them 
to  a  Refolution  of  defending  and  maintaining  their 
Liberties  and  Religion,    with  their  Lives  and  For- 
An<i  fend  a  Com- tunes.     Likewife,  the  Committee  of  Safety  were 
t?ac".     ordered  to  prepare  a  Declaration  upon  this  Denial 

quaint  tnc  CHty      _   ,       .__.      '      *          .      .  -  »          r 

of  Lander,  there-  °f  tne  Kings  to  admit  fuch  Members  as  were  ap- 

*-ith.  pointed,  by  both  Houfes,  to  prcfent  their  Petition  ; 

one  of  the  Heads  of  which  was  to  be,  the  King's 

expreffing  a  Readinefs  to  receive  a  Petition  from  the 

Rebels  in  Ireland. 

November  8.  Two  of  the  Committees  from  the 
Parliament  to  the  City,  on  the  above  Occafion,  were 
the  Lord  Brooke  and  Sir  Henry  Vane,  junior ;  whofe 
Speeches,  at  the  Guildhall,  being  yet  prcferved,  we 
here  fubjoin  them  in  their  own  Words  us  follows  ;  k 

And  firft  Lord  Brooke. 

My  Lord  Mayor  and  Allermcn,  and  tbe  reft  of  tbt 
Gentlemen  here  ajjemblcd^ 

Lord  tfresjf's  '  T  Am  to  deliver  a  MefTage  to  you  from  the 
S?«rh  to  the  |_  Lords  and  Commons  now  afTembled  in  Par- 
Citizeas.  Jiament ;  but  before  I  do  that,  I  (hall  crave  Leave 

to  excufe  fomething  that  hath  happened  :  There 
fhould  have  been  divers  Lords,  and  fome  Gentle- 
men of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  here,  far  fitter  to 
have  done  this  Work  that  is  no\v  put  upon  me,  if 
they  could  poffibly  have  attended  the  Service,  who 
were  appointed  by  the  Houfe  j  as  the  Lord-General 
of  the  Horfe,  the  Earl  of  Bedford,  and  fome  other 
Lords ;  but  you  will  all  conceive  that  they,  being 
all  Men  employed  in  the  Army,  could  not  attend 
this  your  Service ;  tho'  they  are  about  your  Service 
and  the  Good  of  the  Kingdom,  which  is  giving 
Order  for  your  Safety,  and  theirs  ;  and  therefore,  I 

hope, 

k  From  the  Coll««jons  of  the  late  Tb'.vat  Sclattr  Bacon,  EK;  of 
Cambridge,  to  which  we  arc  obliged  for  many  cutioai 
thrfc  Tiroes. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        15 

hope,  you  will  take  it  in  good  Part,  that  there  is  no  An.  18.  Car.  i» 
other  Appearance  here.  l64z- 

*  Gentlemen,  what  I  have  to  fay  to  you,  in  ftiort,  V7T"V"7""1 
is  this :  I  fuppofe,  at  this  Time  of  Action,  you  will 
not  expect  long  Prefacings ;  if  you  do,  I  am  the 
unfitteft  Man  in  the  World  to  do  it :  I  {hall  there- 
fore (hortly  deliver  my  Mefiage.  1  doubt  not  but 
you  have  heard  fome  Whifperings  of  an  Accommo- 
dation ;  and  no  Man  that  is  an  Honeft  Man,  a  Re- 
ligious Man,  a  Free  Man,  that  loves  Religion  and 
the  Kingdom,  but  would  have  an  Accommodation; 
for  nothing  is  more  miferable,  and  nothing  is  more 
diffracting  than  War :  But  that  an  Accommodation 
fhould  come  upon  Terras  ignoble  and  difadvantage- 
ous,  that  never  was  in  the  Thought  of  either  Houie, 
and  I  hope  never  will  be  ;  and,  I  am  ordered  to  tell 
you,  never  mall  be. 

'  I  am  at  this  Time  to  intreat  you,  in  the  Name 
of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  to  go  on  courage  - 
oufly>  and  fight,  and  prepare  yourfelves  for  that 
which  is  at  hand  :  W^e  hear  the  Enemies  approach 
nearer  every  Day,  who  aim  at  nothing  elfe  but  to 
fwallow  up  our  Religion,  Lives,  Liberties,  and 
Eftates  ;  and  therefore  it  becomes  you  to  labour  to 
defend  them  all. 

'  I  have  more  to  fay,  but  it  is  better  faid  here  in 
the  Votes  of  the  Houfes  of  Lords  and  Commons; 
I  defire  they  fhould  be  read  unto  you,  and  therein 
you  will  fully  underftand  what  their  Senfe  is. 

Monday,  yth  of  November,  1642. 
The  Qiieftion  being  put,  Whether  a  Safe-Conduft 
Jball  be  accepted  upon  thefe  Terms  ?  It  pafs'd  with, 
the  Negative. 

e  This  was,  firft,  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 
The. Meaning  of  this  Vote  is,  There  was  a  Safe- 
Conduct  defired  of  his  Majefty  for  fix  Perfons,  two 
of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  viz.  the  Earl  of  Pembroke 
and  the  Earl  of  Northumberland^  and  four  of  the 
Houfe.  of  Commons ;  among  thefe  there  was  one 
Sir  John  EveUn>  of  Wilt/hire :  The  King  would  not 

let 


1 6       *&}£  Parliamentary  Hisrokv 

is.  Car.  I,  let  him  have  a  Safe-Conduit,  becaufe  he  was  one  thrrt 
was  named,  by  him,  a  Traitor  the  Day  before;  an4 
that  was  done,  as  is  thought,  on  purpofe  to  take  him 
off  from  being  one;  therefore  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons did  look  upon  that  as  a  Denial,  in  that  he  could 
not  have  a  Safe-Conduct.  This  Vote  of  theirs  was 
prefented  to  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  they  concur- 
ed  with  it,  i>:z. 

Refolved,  upon  the  Queftion, 
This  Hiuf'e  hddeth  this  to  be  a  Denial  of  his  Ma- 
jefty, and  a  Refufal  to  grant  a  Treaty  to  the  Parlia- 
ment, in  excepting  againjl  one  of  the  Meffcngers  that 
was  to  prefent  a  Petition  to  his  Majejiy  from  both 
Houfes  to  that  Purpofe,  and  denying  to  grant  him  a 
Safe-Conduft. 

Rcfulvcd,    &c. 

That  Committees  of  both  Houfes  Jhall  be  appointed  to 
go  to  the  City  of  London,  to  acquaint  the  Common- 
Hall  with  all  the  Ways  the  Parliament  hath  ufed  to 
procure  a  Treaty  for  a  Peace,  and  could  not  effctt  it ; 
find  to  quicken  them  to  a  Refolution  of  defending  and 
maintaining  their  Liberties,  and  their  Religion,  with 
their  Lives  and  Fortunes ;  and  that  they  have  appointed 
a  Committee  to  prepare  a  Declaration,  upon  tJ^is 
Denial  of  his  Majefty  to  admit  fucb  Members  as  were 
Appointed,  by  both  Houfe s,  to  prefent  a  Petition  to  his 
Majefty  for  a  Treaty  ;  and  of  his  Majefiys  expreffmg 
his  Willingncfs  to  receive  a  Petition  from  the  Rebels  in 
Ireland. 

6  Here  is  one  Thing  more,  Gentlemen,  that  is 
worth  your  taking  Notice  of;  this  is  fo  well  faid, 
I  {hall  not  need  to  fay  it  over  again  ;  only  here,  in 
the  latter  End,  you  fee  there  is  a  Committee  ap- 
pointed to  come  hither,  to  give  you  an  Account  of 
tjie  Reafons  moving  them  on  to  this  Action  ;  and 
to  fhew  you  all  the  Ways  they  have  ufed,  if  it  were 
poflible,  to  have  procured  a  Treaty  for  a  Peace. 

*  There  is  another  Thing  in  the  End,  very  re- 
markable, which  you  may  very  well  take  Notice 
of:  His  Majefty  will  not,  but  upon  Terms  altoge- 
ther unfitting,  accept  of  any  Treaty  from  us  -,  yet, 

at- 


O/*    ENGLAND.         17 

at  the  fame  Time,  is  willing  to  receive  a  Petition  An.  iS,  Car.  !. 
from  the  Rebels  in  Ireland. 

«  We  are  no  Rebels  ;  but  dutiful  in  all  we  do  : 
They  are  Rebels  and  Traitors  in  the  Judgment  of 
all  Men  ;  and  yet  he  will  receive  no  Petition  from 
us  3  but  he  will  receive  a  Petition  from  them  !' 

Sir  Henry  Fane  fpoke  to  this  Effect  : 

My  Lord  Mayor  and  Alder  men  ^  and  the  reft  of  the 
Gentlemen  here 


«  TT  is  not  unknown  to  you,  with  what  Diffi-SkF«w?  ?*«'•, 

|_  culties,  with  what  pangers,  both  Houfes  of 
Parliament  have  a  long  Time  conflicted,  for  to 
bring  the  Liberties,  and  the  Religion,  and  the  Wel- 
fare, of  this  Kingdom  into  fuch  a  Pofture  as  might 
give  all  the  Inhabitants  thereof  full  Satisfaction. 
It  is  not  unknown  likewife,  how  bufy  the  Ene- 
mies of  this  great  Work  have  been,  to  caft  Scan- 
dals, to  caft  falfe  Afperfions,  upon  the  Proceedings, 
upon  the  Carriage  of  Parliament  ;  they  therefore 
thought  fit,  (that  they  might  undeceive  all  Perfons 
of  the  greateft  Malice,  and  of  the  greateft  Oppofi- 
tion  to  their  Endeavours)  not  long  iince,  to  frame 
a  Petition  ;  a  Petition  full  of  Humility,  a  Petition 
full  of*Modefty,  whereby  they  did  defire  his  Maje- 
fty  that  they  might  apply  themfelves  to  make  fuch 
Proportions  to  him,  as  might  effect  this  great 
Work. 

'  This  Petition,  that  it  might  be  delivered,  they 
thought  fit  for  to  name  (as  this  Noble  Lord  hath 
told  you)  fix  Perfoos  ;  two  of  the  Lords  Houfe, 
and  four  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  j  Men  that  they 
thought  altogether  without  the  leaft  Scruple,  with" 
out  the  leaft  Exception,  knowing  that  nothing  in 
the  Carriage  of  thefe  Perfons  could  render  them  lia- 
ble to  Exception,  but  their  Duty  and  Obfervance  to. 
the  Commands  of  both  Houfes.  When  the  Names 
of  thefe  Perfons  were  fent  to  his  Majefty,  for  to 
have  a  Safe-Conduct,  immediately,  I  think  the  very 
Pay  before,  there  came  out  a  Proclamation  againft 
one  of  them,  excepting  him  put  of  the  Grace  and 
VOL.  XII.  B  Fa- 


1 8       The  Pat  'lla:nc::tnry-  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I. Favour  of  his  Majefty,  as  it  is  termed,  and  laying 
\  5tl*        him  in  the  Condition  of  a  Rebel  and  of  a  "i 

him,  for  his  Obedience  to,  and  Obfervar.ee 
of,  the  Commands  of  .Parliament. 

'  This  being;  brought  to  b<,th  rloufes,  they  looked 
on  it  as  a  Buiinefs  of  f,»ch  grent  Importance,  that 
if  they  {hould  fuffer  any  one  Member,  or  any  one 
Perfon,  that,  through  hrs  Dutifulnefs  und  ' 
vance  of  their  Commands,  Ihould  lie  under  aCknnr 
with  his  Majefty,  fo  as  rot  to  be  a:i:^iitc<! 
Prcfence,  but  be  looked  at  in  fuch  a  Condition,  as 
this  Proclamation  put  him  in  :  They  looked  on  it> 
I  fay,  as  the  preateft  Iiuiicrnity,  and  the 
Calumny  that  could  befall  a  Patliarrfftit ;  a:vJ  tru* 
greateft  Difcouragement  that  ihould  lie  upon  all 
.Men  to  ftand  to  a  Parliament,  if  they  fliould  not 
be  defended  and  protected  :  Hereupon  they  rdblved 
to  declare,  That  the  Unwillin|:nefs  lav  not  in  them 
to  make  Peace  ;  but  it  lay  in  that  ill  Counfel,  and 
that  defperr.te  Counfel,  that  hath  hemm'd  in  his  Ma- 
iefty  ;  ai'.d  will  not  fuffer  fuch  Points,  \vi!I  not  fuf- 
fer  fuch  Proportions  as  thefe,  to  take  Effect  with 
him;  but  will  labour  to  deftroy  all  your  Kftates  and" 
Properties,  and  all  that  is  near  and  dvar  to  you  in 
this  Kingdom. 

'  The  Houfe  of  Commons,  therefore,  have 
thought  it  fit  to  acquaint  you  with  thefe  Proceed- 
ings ;  to  Jet  you  krtow  how  careful  they  are,  by  all 
Ejod  Ways,  and  by  all  good.Means,  to  prefent  their 
oyalty  and  Duty  to  his  Majefty,  to  take  Care  of 
themfelves,  and  all  that  belongs  to  you  :  But,  when 
they  fee  all  will  not  take  Effect,  they  doubt  not 
but  you  will  join  cm.lially,  and  join  refolutely,  with 
your  Purfes,  and  with  your  Endeavours,  and  with 
all  that  lies  in  your  Power,  to  acquit  yo.urfelves 
like  Men  ;  to  defend  yourfelves  ;  to  defend  them 
that  have  laboured  in  your  Work,  in  your  Caufe, 
and  who  arc  willing  to  fpend  their  Lives  and  Blood 
in  your  Service  to  the  utmofl  Man  :  Therefore  they 
defire  this  of  you,  that,  fince  they  have  taken  this 
Care,  \o..  -...I  hearken  to  no  Reports  that  (hall 
tend  to  the  Difparagement  ef  their  Proceedings  ; 

but 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         19 

but  will  unanimoufly  concur  to  defend  yourfelvesAn.  18.  C»r.  i, 
againft  that  Violence  and  Oppreifton,  that  is  now 
alinoft  at  your  Doors. — And  this  is  that  we  have  to 
recommend  to  you.' 

Then  the  Lord  Brooke  fpoke  again. 


Gentlemen, 
Tfcttave  but  c 
_  ThisHon 


but  one  Word  more  to  trouble  you  with. Lord  Zr«ek?* 
_  "This  Honourable  Gentleman,  Sir  Henry  fW,fecond  Speech. 
hath  exprefs'd  fo  fully  all  that  was  in  the  Meilage, 
that,  truly,  I  fhould  wrong  him  and  myfelf  too,    if 
I  fhould  fay  any  more  ;  therefore  I  fhall  now  fpeak 
to  you  of  another  Thing.     It  is  not  fit  any  thing 
that  concerns  you  (hould  be  concealed  from  you. 

'  I  came  this  Day  to  this  Place,  to  this  Houfe, 
about  another  Bufmefs,  which  I  have  already  com- 
municated to  my  Lord  Mayor  and  the  Aldermen, 
and  the  Committee.  I  think  it  will  not  be  unfit 
you  fhould  know  it.  I  have  the  Confent  of  feme, 
that  underftand  this  Bufmefs  very  well,  to  what  I 
now  fliall  do.  Gentlemen,  the  Meffage  was  this, 
it  was  a  Meffage  from  his  Excellency ;  it  is  to  let 
you  know  how  near  the  Danger  is  at  Hand,  that  fo 
you  may  gird  up  the  Loins  of  your  Refolution,  and 
acl  like  Men  of  Courage.  Gentlemen,  Citizens 
of  London^  (better  than  whom  no  Man  did  in  that 
Army  we  had  lately  in  the  Field)  the  Enemy's 
Foot,  as  we  underftand,  are  very  near  Staines,  their 
Horfe  are  about  King/Ion.  We  cannot  fay  that  all  arc 
there  ;  but  that  there  are  both  Horfe  and  Foot,  and 
it  is  certain  our  Foot  are  going  to  them  :  So  that 
the  Queftion  is  now,  What  is  to  be  done  ?  This  is 
a  certain  Truth  among  all  Soldiers,  That  you  muft 
keep  Evil  as  far  off  you  as  you  can  ;  you  muft  not 
let  it  come  near  your  Doors :  You  muft  not  think  to 
fight  in  the  Sighs,  and  Tears,  and  Eyes,  and  Di- 
ftra&ions  of  your  Wives  and  Children  ;  but  to  go 
out,  and  meet  it  valiantly  as  you  have  done. 

4  God  hath  {hewed  himfelf  a  God  cf  Love  and 

Mercy,  and  truly  we  mull  give  him  all  the  Honour 

of  that  Day ;  certainly  it  is  the  greateft  Victory  that 

B  2  evcv 


20        fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  i?.  Car.  Lever  was  gotten  ;  near  zco'o  (I  love  to  {peak  with 
the  leaft)  on  their  Side  flain  ;  and,  I  ara  confident, 
not  I0°  on  our  Side,  unlefs  you  will  take  in  Wo- 
men and  Children,  Carmen,  and  Dogs  ;  for  they 
flew  the  very  Dogs  and  all.  If  you  take  in  Wo- 
men, Children,  Carmen,  and  Dogs,  then  they  flew 
about  200.  But  that  ico  fhould  be  flain  on  one 
Side,  and  2000  on  the  other  Side,  is  a  very  mira- 
culous Thing. 

'  God  that  dealt  fo  wonderfully  heretofore,  it 
were  to  diftruft  him,  if  we  did  not  think  he  would 
do  fo  again.  Truly  he  hath  a  People  among  us  ex- 
ceedingly beloved. 

*  What  is  it  we  fight  for  ?  It  is  for  our  Religion, 
and  for  our  God,  and  for  our  Liberty,  and  all.  And 
what  is  it  they  fight  for  ?  For  their  Luft,  for  their 
Will,  and  for  their  Tyranny }  to  make  us  Slaves, 
r.nd  to  overthrow  all. 

'  Gentlemen,  mcthinks  I  fee  your  Courage  by 
your  Faces.  1  fpy  you  ready  to  do  any  thing  j  and 
the  General's  Refolution  is,  to  go  out  To-morrow, 
and  do  as  a  Man  of  Courage  and  Refolution  ;  and 
never  Man  did  like  him  ;  for  he  was  not  only  Gene- 
ral, but  Common  SolJicr ;  for  he  led  up  his  own 
Regiment,  he  led  up  his  own  Troop  in  his  own 
Perlbn  ;  and  when  the  Left  Troops  of  Horfe  de- 
ceived him,  he  brought  up  the  Right  Troops.  He 
himfelf  will  go  out  again,  and  do  again  as  much  as 
lie  hath  done  :  All  this  is  for  your  Sakei,  for  he  can 
be  a  Freeman*  he  can  be  a  Gentleman,  he  can  be  a 
great  Man,  he  caji  go  where  he  will ;  therefore  it 
is  only  for  your  Sakes  he  is  refolved  to  go  out  To- 
morrow. His  Forces  are  weary,  his  Forces  are 
fpent,  fome  came  but  laft  Night  into  Town,  fome 
marched  above  twenty  Miles,  which  is  a  great 
March,  as  fome  that  know  what  it  is  can  tell ;  but, 
as  weary  as  they  are,  he  is  refolved  to  go  out  ;  and 
if  you  will  affect  the  Caufe,  and  join  with  him 
Hand,  and  Heart,  and  Sword,  he  will  take  it  as  a 
Favour ;  but  if  you  will  not,  he  doubts  not  but 
Sword  will  do  the  Work  alone. 

'I 


Of     ENGLAND.        21 

I  fpeak  not  this  that  I  doubt  you,  but  that  you  An.  18.  Car.  I. 


would  refolve,  that  when  you  hear  the  Drums  beat,        l642- 
(for  it  is  refolved  that  the  Drums  {hall  beat  To-    *""" -V7*J 

T-\  n     ii    L  i      j  November. 

morrow ;  our  Drums  {hall  beat  to  lead  out  our 
Men,  and  the  Committee's  Drums  {hall  beat  to 
Jead  out  their  Men)  fay  not,  I  befeech  you,  I  am  not 
of  the  Trained-Band,  nor  this,  nor  that,  nor  t'other; 
but  doubt  not  to  go  out  to  the  Work,  and  fight  cou- 
rageouily,  and  this  fhall  be  the  Day  of  your  Delive- 
rance.' 

Nov.  9.  Nottoithftanding  the  foregoing  Speeches 
to  the  Citizens  of  London  leem  to  breathe  nothing 
but  War,  yet  the  Houfe  of  Commons  thought-  fit  to 
foften  the  Harflinefs  of  their  Vote  of  the  yth  ;  for, 
this  Day,  Mr.  Pvmme  brought  up  a  different  Refo- 
lution,  to  which  he  dellred  their  Lordfhips  Concur- 
rence, viz. 

c  Refolved,  That  the  Petition  {hall  be  fent  to  his  The  Commons 
Majefty  ;  and  the  Reafons  which  induced  the  Com-  [ffend  ihdr  p'e- 
mons  to  make  this  Vote,  he  faid,  were  thefc  ;  tition  to  the 

F/r/?,  c  The  great  Advantage  which  {hould  beKJng; 
gained  by  a  fettled  Peace  ;  for,  thereby,  they  {houl J 
better  attend  to  the  War  in  Ireland;  and  it  would 
unite  the  King;  and  Kingdom  more  clofely,  and  pre- 
vent the  Lofs  of  our  Religion  and  the  'Liberties  of 
the  Subject ;  for  Peace,  upon  other  Terms  than 
thefe,  they  refolve  never  to  accept :  That, 

Secondly ,  '  The  Houfe  of  Commons  did,  alfo,  con- 
fiuer  the  Danger  the  King's  Perfon  was  in  at  the  lafl 
Battle  ;  and  the  great  Mifchiefs  that  War  had  al- 
ready brought  upon  the  Commonwealth,  which 
would  be  increafed  if  it  {hould  be  continued  j  fo 
much  Blood  being  already  fpilt  and  many  of  great 
Quality  flain ;  and  that  Sir  "John  Evelin  (hould  be  left 
to  his  Liberty  to  go  along  with  the  reft  if  he  think  fit.' f 

To  this  pacific  Vote  the  Lords  readily  agreed;  but  which  the  Lords 
as  though  the  Commons  defigned  to  {hew  the  Kingagres  to: 
the  Olive  Branch  in  one  Hand  and  the  Sword  in  the 
B  3  other, 

f  Lord  Clarendon  remarks,  That,  by  this  Expedient,  the  Commons 
fetisfied  themielves,  that  the  leaving  Sir  John  Evelin  behind  them, 
without  bringing  another  in  jiis  Room,  was  no  Submiffion  to  the 
King^»  Exception. 


22       Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

other,  the  fubfequent  Rcqueft  came  along  with  it  ; 
which  was  to  defire  the  Lords  to  join  with  them  in 
:ber'     ordering  the  Lord-General  to  draw  out  his  Army 
the  next  Morning  ;  and  that  a  Proclamation  mould 
0  out  that  Aftcrnnoon  for  all  Soldiers,  on  Pain  of 
eath,  to  repair  to  their  Colours  :  And  that  the  Ar- 
their  Regiments,  my  might  not  be  at  a  Lofs  for  Recruits,  the  Com- 
mons fent  up  the  following  Ordinance. 

diwncffor^nl'  TX/Hereas,  in  Times  of  Common  Danger  and 

couraging  Ap-   '     VV     Neceflity,  the  Intereft  of  private  Perfons 

prentices  to  lift.  <  ought  to  give  Way  to  the  Public  :    It  is  ordained 

4  and  declared,  by  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  Parli- 

*  ament,  that  fuch  Apprentices  as  have  been,  or  mall 
4  be,  lifted  to  ferve  as  Soldiers,  for  the  Defence  of 

*  the  Religion  and  Liberty  of  the  Kingdom,  his 
4  Majefty's  Royal  Perfon,  the  Parliament,  and  the 
4  City  of  London  ;  their  Sureties,  and  fuch  as  ftand 
4  engaged  for  them,  lhall  be  fecured  againft  their 
4  Mafters,    their   Executors,    and    Adminiftrators, 
4  from  ail  Lofs  and  Inconveniences,  by  Forfeiture 
4  of  Bonds,  Covenants,  Infranchifements,  or  other- 
4  wife  :  And  that  after  this  public  Service  is  ended, 
4  the  Mafters  of  fuch  Apprentices  fhall   be  com- 
4  manded  and  required  to  receive  them  again   into 
4  their  Service,  without  impofing  upon  them  any 
4  Punifliment,  Lofs,  or  Prejudice  for  their  Abfence, 

*  in  the  Defence  of  the  Commonwealth. 

4  And  the  Lords  and  Commons  do  further  declare, 
4  That,  if  it  {hall  appear  that  the  Mafters  of  fuch 
4  Apprentices  have  received  any  confulerable  Lofs  by 
4  the  Abfence  of  their  Apprentices,  they  will  take 
4  Care  that  reafonable  Satisfaction  (hall  be  made  un- 
4  to  them,  out  of  the  Public  Stock  of  the  Kingdom, 

according  to  Juftice  and  Indifferency.' 


* 


The  Commons,  alfo,  defired  the  Lords  to  join 
with  them  in  fending  a  Committee  of  both  Houfes 
again  to  the  City,  to  acquaint  them  with  the  Rea- 
fons  that  moved  the  Parliament  to  fend  this  Petition 
to  his  Majefty  j  and  to  let  them  know  the  Refolu- 

tion 


O/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         23 

tion  of  the  Parliament  is,  That  they  will  not  agree  An.  18.  Car.  r. 
to  any  Peace,  but  what  fhall  be  fully  for  the  Prefer-  .     ^/—     . 

vation  of  Religion,  the  Liberty  of  the  Subject,  and  ^Tt'^T 
i        ft-          i        «-\    •  r    \    '  TS-'       j  T»I          •<-     November, 

the  fettling  the  Quiet  of  the  Kingdom  :  That  if 

this  cannot  cffe&ually  be  done,  both  Houfes  are  re- 
folved  to  fpend  their  Lives  ami  Fortunes,  in  the 
Maintenance  thereof. 

To  this  the  Lords  agreed;  and  ordered,  That 
the  Lord  Mayor  fhould  be  deiired  to  call  a  Com- 
mon-Hall, at  Six  that  Evening,  if  he  could,  or 
elfe  at  Nine  o'Clock  next  Morning.  A  Com- 
mittee of  four  Lords,  with  a  proportionable  Num- 
ber of  Commoners,  were  appointed  to  go  to  the 
City  on  this  Occafion.  At  the  fame  Time  the 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords  was  ordered  to  write 
the  following  Letter  : 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lord  Vifcount  Falk- 
land, Principal  Secretary  to  his  Majefty  ;  or,  in 
his  Abfence,  to  any  of  the  Lords  the  Peers  attend- 
ing his  Majefty. 

My  Lord, 

/Am  commanded,  by  tie  Peers  affemb'ed  in  Parlia-  A  Letter  fent  t« 
ment,  to  dejire  your  Lordfoip  to  gdvertife  bis  A&--JjfJJ^J  pj^ 
jefty,  that  the  late  Petition,  refolved  on  by  both  Houfes \\m. 
of  Parliament,  will  be  pre/ented  unto    him ;  which 
they  believe  proper  for  your  Lordjhlp's  Knowledge^ 
that  fo  his  Majefty  may  be  acquainted  with   it  j  and 
thus  I  reft 

Your  Lord  {hip's 

November  9,  1642. 

affectionate  Servant, 

G  R  E  Y. 

November  10.  Committees  of  both  Houfes  beins; 

,     •      ,-  i  T-.     .     ~  ,°And  a  Commit- 

gone  out,  on  their  feveral  Lmbaffies,  one  to  thetee    go  to  ac. 

King,  and  the  other  to  the  City,  the  Houfe  ofqualnt  the  City 
Lords  only  met  and  adjourned  to  the  next  Day. °f London  there- 
In  the  Committee  for  the  latter,  were  the  Earl  of Wlt  ' 
Holland  and  Mr.  Pymtnet  whofe  Speeches  at  the 

Guild- 


24       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18. Car.  \.Gulldaall  on  the  Occafion,  not  being  printed    in 
1642.        Rujhworth's  Collegians,  we  think  deferve  a  Place  in 
*T""V"" "^    thefe  Enquiries.  s 

November. 

The  Earl  of  Holland's  Speech. 

My  Lord  Mayor,  and  you  Gentlemen  and  Inhabi- 
tants of  the  Cityi 

The  Earl  of      «  "¥  TT  T  £  are  commanded  by  both  Houfes  of  Par- 

2*3(8:  VV     liament  to  come  hither,  and  to  deliver  to 

eafion.  you,  that  are  their  great  Affiftams,  an  Account  of 

a  Resolution  they  have  taken  to  fend  a  Petition  to 

his  Majefty,  grounded  upon  thefe  Reafons  : 

'  The  firft  is,  That  there  is  a  Duty  towards  God 
to  feek  Peace,  indeed  to  feek  it  with  all  Men  ;  there- 
fore properly  and  naturally  with  the  King:  This 
they  are  directed  to  do.  If  Peace  flies  from  us,  to 
purfue  it,  to  follow  it :  This  is  their  holy  Duty. 

*  They  have  likewife  taken  into  their  Thoughts, 
very  ferioufly,  that  which  may  concern  the  Safety 
of  the  King's  Perfon,  being  engaged  in  this  laft  Bnt- 
tle,  through  his  own  Refolution  and  Adventures, 
to  put  his  Perfon  in  fome  Hazard  ;  they  have  a 
Tcndernefs  of  that;  and,  amongft  other  Confider- 
ations,  it  is  that  which  prevails  with  them  to  de- 
lire  that  He  may  not  be  in  Danger,  if  it  be  poffible, 
by  a  further  Purfuance  of  this  Action  ;  which,  in 
all  Probability,  muft  come  to  a  fecond  Blow,  and 
that  fpeedily,  if  there  be  not  fome  other  Way  taken 
for  an  Accommodation. 

'  There  is  another  Reafon  that  they  are  likewife 
perfuaded  the  more  willingly  thus  to  petition  and  to 
defire  Peace  ;  that  is,  for  the  Saving  and  Recovering 
the  Kingdom  of  Ireland  out  of  the  Diftrefs  that  you 
have  long  feen  it  in.  They  know  the  Impoflibility 
for  this  Kingdom  to  relieve  that,  if  we  continue 
in  thefe  Diffractions  and  Confufions  within  our- 
felves  j  and,  therefore,  believe  nothing  can  contri- 
bute or  conduce  towards  the  recovering  of  that  King- 
dom, and  the  delivering  of  thofe  Perfons  from  Dan- 
ger 

t  Ltr.Jon,  PrUited  for  Peter  Celt,  near 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         2 

ger  that  you  fent  thither,  but  our  Quietnefs  and  An.  jfc.  Car.  I. 
our  Peace  here.     If  that  Kingdom  fhould  fall  into 
other  Hands,  fuch  Hands  as  it  may  likely  and  pro 
bahly  do,  what  Inconvenience,  what  Danger,  mud 
fall  upon  this  Kingdom,  from  the  Po'wer  and  the 
Neighbourhood  of  that,  you  all  muft  imagine. 

*  They  do  likewife  confider  what  Advantages,  in 
the  Diftradtions  amongft  ourfelves,  Foreign  States 
may  take,  when  our  own  Hands  are  weakened,  ami 
a  Defolation  through  the  whole  Kingdom  :  Thofe 
that  do  malign  our  Religion,    their  Confcicnces  di- 
rect them  to  deftroy  it,  as  well  as  their  Ambitions 
to  make  a  Conqueft  of  the  Nation  >    how  orert  we 
ihall  be  likowife  to  them  for  any  Prejudice,   or  any 
Danger  that  may  fall  upon  us. 

*  Befides,  they  have  a  Confideration  of  the  whole 
Kingdom,  that  have  fo  long  continued  in  Peace,  in 
the  Bleffings  of  Peace,  fo  long  in  the  Beds  of  Peace, 
and  in  the  Arms  of  Peace,  (for  thefe  hundred  Years 
there  have  been  no  Civil  Divifions  nor  Diftraclions 
within  this  Kingdom)   and  thofe  Abundances  thr.t 
Peace  hath  procured,   and  thofe  Happinefles  which 
are  all  likely  to  be  devoured  by  the  Sword  of  War  ; 
as  in  every  Part  of  the  Kingdom,  already  you  fee 
hew  it  begins  to  deftroy,  with  what  Height,  with 
what  Power,   with  what  Infolency. 

4  Thefe  are  Confiderations,  that  have  made  them 
believe,  that  as  it  is  a  Duty  to  God,  it  is  that  which 
they  owe  likewife  to  the  King  ;  it  is  that  which  they 
owe  to  the  Kingdom,  in  which  they  have  been  born 
and  bred;  it  is  likewife  a  Difchase;e  of  their  own 
Confciences,  that  every  Body  may  fee  that  it  is  not 
their  Faults,  if  Peace  be  not  procured. 

4  But  though  they  are  thus  refolved,  and  upon 
thefe  Reafons,  to  offer  a  Petition,  and  to  feek  Peace 
by  all  the  Ways  that  are  pofiible,  yet  they  have 
commanded  me  to  let  you  know,  that,  as  they  defire 
Peace,  they  will  prepare  for  War ;  they  have  given 
Directions,  that  this  Day  my  Lord-General  (hAl 
carry  his  Army  out  of  the  City  ;  there  is  a  Rendez- 
vous appointed  ;  they  fliall  there  draw  themfelves 
together  in  fuch  a  Condition,  a«,  we  are  very  con- 
fident, 


26        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car.  i.fident,  and  very  hopeful,  we  fhall  be  able  to  defend 

*N^£te^  '  We  are  likewife  refolved,  and  fo  I  am  com- 
manded to  deliver  to  you,  That  as  we  have  long 
kept  together  with  Resolutions  to  defend  our  Privi- 
leges, our  Religion,  our  Liberties,  and  Laws  ;  fo 
\ve  will  continue  in  the  fame  Refolution,  and  the 
lame  Pyrpofe  to  do  fo  ;  nothing  fhall  deter  us  from 
it.  If  we  can  find  Peace  from  his  Majefty  upon 
thefe  Conditions,  that  Religion,  and  Laws,  and  our 
Liberties,  and  all,  may  be  happily  fecured  to  the 
Kingdom  and  to  you  all,  we  fhall  be  glad  of  it ;  and 
it  will  be  a  Blefiing  to  us,  and  to  you  all :  If  it  can- 
not be  done,  we  are  refolved,  and  fo  I  am  com- 
manded to  let  you  know,  nothing  fhall  difcourage 
us,  neither 'Danger,  nor  Power,  nor  any  thing  ;  but 
if  we  cannot  maintain  our  Religion,  our  Laws,  and 
9ur  Liberties,  we  will  perifh  and  die  for  it.' 

Mr.  Pymmis  Speech. 
My  Lord  Mayor  and  Gentlemen, 

And  Mr.          '  T^  ^ere  *s  utt^e  to  ^e  a(^ed  to  that  which  was 
Pjwwr's.  faid  by  this  Noble  Lord,  who  hath  repre- 

fented  to  you  (to  you  of  this  famous  City  of  London* 
who  will  make  it  much  more  famous  by  thefe  noble 
Affections,  which  you  have  mewed  ftill  to  the  Pub- 
lic Good,  and  bv  yielding  fo  much  Aid,  and  fo 
much  Encouragement  as  you  have  done,  to  the 
Parliament  in  maintaining  ir)  the  Senfe  of  both 
Houfes,  the  Reafons  and  Motives  upon  which 
they  did  defire  Peace :  Motives,  Indeed,  that  have 
wrought  with  us  from  the  Beginning  of  this  War 
to  this  Time;  for  we  fhould  never  have  fteppcd 
one  Step  towards  War,  if  we  might  have  had,  or 
hoped  for,  fuch  a  Peace  as  might  have  fecured  Re- 
ligion and  Liberty,  and  the  Public  Good  of  the 
Kingdom ;  but  truly  ill  Counfel  did  exclude  us  from 
fuch  Hope. 

'  We  now  conceive  that  the  King,  having  feen 
the  Courage  of  his  Subjects,  having  feen  the  Danger 

•f 


Of    ENGLAND.  27 

of  bis  own  Perfon,  and  fo  much  Blood  (lied  about  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
him,  he  will  be  more  tractable  to  good  Conditions         l64-« 
of  Peace,  than  he  would  have  been  before  ;  and  that    ^— v — -* 
is  the  Reafon  why  we  do  think  fit  to  try  him,  once        ovember. 
more,  after  this  Battle  that  hath  been  lately  fought, 
before  it  come  to  another  Battle. 

*  It  is  true,  that  this  may  feem  a  Resolution  con- 
trary to  that  which  was  opened  to  you  within  thefe 
few  Days  ;  but  you  will   conceive,  that  all  great 
Councils  are  fubjedl  to  alter  their  Refclutions,  ac- 
cording as  Matters  alter,  and  as  the  Apprehenfions 
of  Matters  alter ;  for  if  Things  appear  more  clear 

and  hopeful  to  them  at  one  Time  than  at  another,  • 

it  is  no  Diihonour  for  them  to  vary  according  to 
their  Appearance,  Judgments,  and  beft  Reafons  ; 
fo  long  as  they  do  it  with  Affections  to  the  beft  Pur- 
pofe  •,  which  you  may  reft  aflured  the  Parliament 
hath  done  :  And  though  we  defire  Peace  very  much, 
yet  a  Peace  to  betray  Religion,  or  to  betray  our  Li- 
berties, we  (hall  always  efteem  worfe  than  \Var  ; 
therefore  we  fhall  put  it  to  a  very  quick  IfTue,  if  the 
King  receive  the  Petition,  to  make  fuch  Proportions 
as  you  may  fee  : 

'  Fir/I,  Whether  you  (hall  be  fecured  in  your 
Religion  ;  in  your  Religion  with  a  Hope  of  Refor- 
mation ;  fuch  a  Reformation  as  may  maintain  the 
Power  of  Religion,  and  the  Purity  of  Religion,  as 
well  as  the  Name  of  Religion  ;  for  we  fhall  not  be 
contented  with  the  Name,  nor  without  a  Reforma- 
tion that  (hall  maintain  the  Power  of  it. 

*  Next,  We  fhall  purfue  the  Maintenance  of  our 
Liberties  ;  Liberties  that  may  not  only  be  in  Laws 
and  Statutes ;  but  Liberties  that  may  be  in  Pradlice 
and  in  Execution  ;  and  to  take   fuch  Courfe,  that 
you  may  have  the  Effects  of  them  in  Truth  :  For 
to  have  printed  Liberties,  and  not  to  have  Liberties 
in  Truth  and  Reality,  is  but  to  mock  the  Kingdom ; 
and  I  hope  we  fhall  take  Care  for  that  in  the  fccond 
Place. 

4  Thirdly,  We  fhall  take  Care  to  maintain  the 
Dignity  and  the  Honour  of  Parliament  j  for  that 


28     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.is  what  will  be  a  lafting  Security  to  you  in  your 

1642,.        Liberty  and  Religion. 

«— -v— -*  «  We  {hall  take  Care,  in  thefcurtb  Place,  to  an- 
N«ve»lKr.  j-wer  ^  Affections  of  the  City  of  London,  That  we 
will  not  confent  to  any  Thing  that  {hail  be  prejudi- 
cial to  them:  We  will  preferve  them  in  the  higheft 
Degree  of  Honour,  that  ever  this  City  of  London 
was  in  ;  and  truly  it  is  now  in  the  higheft  Degree  of 
Honour  that  ever  it  was  ;  for  you  have  carried  your- 
felves  in  fuch  a  Regard  to  the  Public,  that  never 
any  of  your  Predeceflbrs  did  fo  before  ;  and  there- 
fore we  fhall,  in  a  Peace,  be  as  careful  of  you  as 
«f  ourfelves  j  and  you  may  be  aflured  of  this,  that 
if  we  have  not  this  Peace,  OUT  Lives,  our  Pains, 
our  Eftates,  they  fhall  all  join  with  you,  in  maintain- 
ing that  with  the  Sword,  which  we  {hall  not  get  in 
an  humble  Way  by  Petition  ;  and  this  we  {hall 
bring  to  a  quick  IfTue. 

'  Therefore  I  {hall  only  move  you,  as  I  am 
commanded  to  do  from  the  Parliament,  that  you 
will  not  think  there  is  any  Fainting  on  our  Parts ; 
that  we  are  more  cold,  or  iefs  affectionate  to  any  of 
thefe  good  Ends  than  heretofore  we  have  been  ;  but 
that  we  would  compafs  them  with  more  fecure  Ad- 
vantage :  For  if  you  can  get  thefe  by  Peace,  you 
will  have  great  Advantages  by  it ;  you  will  hinder 
foreign  Invafions  from  beyond  the  Seas  ;  you  will 
quickly  be  able  to  Mafter  the  Rebels  in  Ireland  ; 
you  will  quickly  be  able  to  fupprcfs  the  Papifts  that 
begin  to  rife  in  England-,  then  you  fliall  have  a  per- 
petual Security,  that  they  fliall  never  be  able  to 
hurt  you  more  :  Therefore,  if  we  can  have  fuch  a 
Peace,  without  further  Hazard  and  Blood-fliedding, 
we  {hall  praife  God,  and  efteem  it  as  a  great  Blef- 
fing ;  but  if  not,  pray  lay  not  down  the  fame  Spirits, 
for  we  have  the  fame  Hearts,  and  Multitudes  of  Spi- 
rits, and  the  Kingdom  inclinable  to  us.  Where  the 
King  has  been,  many,  to  fave  their  Eftates  and 
Lives,  have  {hewed  themfelves  but  Men  j  for  it 
was  not  to  be  thought  that  fmgle  Counties  fliould 
maintain  themfelves  againft  an  Armyj  but  they 

have 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         29 

have  Hearts  as  they  had  before ;  and  no  doubt  but An<  l8-  Car-  It 
they  will  join  with  us,  with  more  Alacrity,  when    t[_^_*^__t 
they  fee  we  have  defired  Peace  by  all  the  Ways  we    November. 
could,  and  cannot  have  it. 

«  We  (hall,  by  this  Means,  fatisfy  ou/  own  Con- 
fciences  ;  we  {hall  fatisfy  many  Members  of  Parlia- 
ment, that  defired  it  might  be  put  on  this  Way ; 
we  {hall  fatisfy  many  of  the  Kingdom  too,  that 
have  held  themfelves  indifferent ;  but  when  they 
fee  there  is  no  Hope  of  Peace,  in  fuch  a  Way,  with- 
out Blood,  certainly  they  will  ftand  to  us  for  Reli- 
gion and  Liberty  ;  which  muft  be  deftroyed  if  we 
cannot  fecure  them  without  War :  Therefore,  I 
{hall  commend  to  you,  that  you  would  not  let  fall 
any  Part  of  your  Contributions,  for  it  is  that  which 
muft  maintain  the  Army  ;  nor  entertain  ill  Appre- 
henfions  of  the  Parliament ;  but  go  on  fo  as  you 
have  done,  and  I  hope  it  will  be  fuch  an  End  as 
God  may  have  all  the  Glory,  and  you  all  the 
Comfort.' 

November  1 1.  A  Letter  was  read  in  the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  directed  to  their  Speaker  fro  Tempore. 

My  Lord, 

iv ere  got  near  Maidenhead,  when  Sir  Peter  Account  of  ft» 
Killegrew  met  zw,  and  told  us  that  his  Majejly  Pet»'°«>s  being 
was  on  Horfe-back,  on  bis  Way  ttwards  Colefirook  5  **** 
and  that  bis  Plcafure  was,  we  Jhould  return  thither 
and  attend  him  there.  When^  foon  after  his  drriva!y 
his  Majejly  fent  for  z/J,  and  we  prefented  the  Petition 
as  we  were  commanded.  His  Majejly  returned  an 
Anfwer,  which  we  here  inclofe,  in  the  fame  Words ^ 
or  as  near  as  we  can  recolleft  them.  This  is  all  the 
Account  that  can  be  given  by 


Uxbridge,  NOT,  10, 

1642,  A.  NORTHUMBERLAND. 


Your  Lordfhip'a  Servants, 

A.    Nop.THUMBER.LAN! 

PEMSROKE  and  MONTGOMERY. 
-       - 


43°         Tke  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.      The  King's  Anfwer,  referred  to  in  the  foregoing 
^_      ''        Letter,  was  then  read. 

November.       T  Know  you  do  not  exticf  tl:r.t  I  Jhould  give  you  an 
His  Ma'  eft  's  -dnfiuer  now  to  this^  which  is  of  jo  gnat  Jmport- 

' 


ftrft  Anlve'r.  ancf  >  l'ut  famtthina  I  will  fay,  at  this  pnfmt^  to 
the  Preamble^  mentioning  the  -Javixg  of  the  'tiff  u  /ion 
of  Blood.  I  have  often  proftffed^  and  called  God  find 
Man  to  wittiffiy  t<;ut  if  other  A&H,  whom  < 
Tune  will  difc  over,  had  b  ten  as  careful  as  my  fa  If  ^  this 
War  had  not  happened.  Jrhat  I  lave  dt,nc  -vjas  fsr 
my  own  Safety,  and  to  maintain  that  Goventnuttt 
with  Honour  )  which  my  Father  left  me.  I  will  not 
hinder  your  Return  to  London,  but  tiW/,  in  Part9 
deliver  my  Anjwer  to  you  To-morrow^  and  fend  it  more 
fully  by  jome  Mejfengers  of  my  own. 

Amongft  other  Bufmefs  done  this  Day,  in  the 
Houie  of  Lords,  we  find  a  Form  of  Thanks  drawn 
up  to  be  prefented  to  their  Lord-General  ;  which, 
for  its  extraordinary  Style,  and  high  Exprefiions  of 
Gratitude,  deierves  our  Notice. 

Both  Houfes  re-  t  /TpHE  Lords  and  Commons  afTemMed  in  Par- 

turn  Thinks  to    *  i-  •  T^\    »-T 

iJicEarl  ofEffex       A      hament,  having,  upon  mature  Denotation, 

•orbisCondutl.  '  and  aflured  Confidence  in  the  Wifdom,  Courage, 

'  and  Fidelity  of  Robert  Earl  of  E//ex,    chotn  and 

'  appointed    him  Captain-General    of   the    Forces 

*  railed  by  the  Authoiity  of  Parliament,  for  the  De- 
'  fence  of  the  true  Proteftant  Religion,    the  Kino:, 
4  Parliament,  and  Kingdom,  ROW  in  great  and  ap- 
'  parent  Danger  ;  do  find,  That  the  faid  Earl  hath 

*  managed  this  Service,  of  fo  high  Importance,  wkh 

*  fo  much  Care,   Valour,    and  Dexterity  ;    as  well 
'  as  by  the  extremeft  Hazard  of  his  Life,  in  a  bloody 
'  Battle,  near  Keynton^  in  Warvuickjhir^  as,  by  ail 

*  the  Actions  of  a  moft  excellent  and  expert  Com- 
4  mander,    in  the  whole  Courfe  of  this  Employ- 

*  ment,   as  doth  deferve  their  bell  Acknowledge- 
'  ment.     We  dp,  therefore,  declare  and   publifh, 
'  to  the  lafting  Honour  of  the  faid  Earl,  the  great 

*  and  acceptable  Service  which  he  hath,    herein, 

*  done  to  the  Commonwealth  j  and  fball  be  ready 

*  and 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         31 

c  and  willing,  upon    all  Occaiions,  to  exprefs  the  An,  18.  Car. !. 

*  due  Senfe  which  we  have  of  his  Merit,  by  affifting        l6*2- 

6  and  protecting  him,  and  all  others  employed  under    'n    ^T~* 

C,  i      •         L-      o        •  •  L  T  •  November. 

*  his  Command,  in  this  Service,  with  our  Lives 
'  and  Fortunes,  to  the  uttermoft  of  our  Power. 

*  This  to  remain,  upon  Record,  in  both  Houles  of 

*  Parliament,  as  a  Mark  of  Honour  to  his  Perfon, 
'  Name,  and  Family,  and  for  a  Monument  of  his 
'  fmgular  Virtue,  to  Poftenty.'  '& 

But  the  Commons  were  of  Opinion,   that  the  And  the  Com. 
Earl  of  EJJcx  deferved  more  than  an  Addrefs  ofmons  vote  hini 
Thanks  ;  for  they  refolvcd,  That  5000 /.  be  forth-  5000/' 
with  prefented  to  his  Excellency  from  that  Houfe. 

The  laft  Thing  we  fhsll  take  Notice  of,    in  theOfdersforafren,_ 
Buiinefs  of  this  long  Day,    is  an  Order  of  Parlia-blingall  the  Sol- 
ment  for  a  ftr'tcl:  Search  to  be  made,  in  the  Cities  ofdiertof  thePar- 
London  and  IVeflminfttr^  and  their  Suburbs,  Soi<t/j-li*menCfl  Arrn-" 
work,  &c.  for  all  Officers  and  common  Soldiers, 
belonging  to  the  Earl  of  Effex's  Army  ;  and  to  bring 
them  to  the  Palace- Yard,    Weftmlnjler^    that  they 
might  be  lent  forthwith  from  thence  to  the  Army. 
And  all  Alehoufe-Keepers,    or  other  Houfholder*, 
were  ftruftly  prohibited  from  harbouring  any  fucli, 
on  very  fevere  Penalties.    This  to  be  publiflaed,  by- 
beat  of  Drum,  throughout  the  Places  above-men- 
tioned.    And  for  a  greater  Inducement  for  all  the 
Soldiery  to  repair  to  their  Colours,  at  the  Time  ap- 
pointed,  the  Commons  ordered  every  Foot-Soldier 
Half  a  Crown,  and  the  Horfe  Five  Shillings  a-piece, 
over  and  above  their  Pay. 

November  12.  The  Earls  of  Northumberland  and 
Pembroke  reported  to  theLords,  That  they  had  waited 
on  the  King,  Yefterday  ;  who,  to  fave  Time,  had 
returned  a  full  Anfwer,  by  them,  to  their  Petition. 

His  Majefty*  ANSWER  to  the  efarefaid  PETITION. 

4  T  T  7E  take  God  to  witnefs  how  deeply  we  areThe  Ki"6's  f«"> 

'    W     affbaed  with*  the  Miferies  of  this  King-  ^rP£«S^£ 


*  dom,  which,  heretofore,  we  have  ftrove,  as 

6  as  Peace 

g  It  is  accordingly  entered  ifi  both  Journals, 


32       7/?v  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Aa.  iS.  Car.  I. '  as  in  us  lay,  to  prevent ;  it  being  fufficiently  known 
1641.  «  to  au  tne  World,  That  as  we  were  not  the  firit 
^ — v~ — '  *  that  took  up  Arms,  fo  we  have  (hewed  our  Rea- 
'  dinefs  of  competing  all  Things  in  a  fair  Way,  b/ 
'  our  feveral  Offers  of  Treaty  ;  and  {hall  be  glad, 
'  now  at  length,  to  find  any  fuch  Inclination  iu 
'  others  :  The  fame  Tenderneb  to  avoid  the  De» 
'  ilruvfiion  of  our  Subjects,  whom  we  know  to  be 
'  our  greateft  Strength,  which  would  always  make 
'  our  greateft  Victories  bitter  to  us,  {hall  make  us 
'  willingly  hearken  to  fuch  Proportions  whereby 
'  thefa  bloody  Diftempers  may  be  flopped,  and  the 

*  great  Diftractions   of  tiiis  Kingdom    fettled,   to 
'  God's  Glory,  our  Honour,  and  the  Welfare  and 

*  Flourifhing  of  our  People  j  and,  to  that  Er.d,  {hall 
'  refide  at  our  own  Caftle  at  Windfsr^  if  the  Forces 

*  there  {hall  be  removed,  till  Committees  may  have 
'  Time  to  attend  us  with  the  fame;  which,  to  pre- 
'  vent  the  Inconveniences  that  will  intervene,   we 

*  wifti  may  be  haftened,   and  {hall  be  ready  there  ; 
'  or,  if  that  be  refufed  us,  at  any  Place  were  we  {hall 
'  be,  to  receive  fuch  Proportions  as  aforefaid,  from 
'  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,     Do  you  your  Duty  j 
'  we  will  not  be  wanting  in  ours  :  God  of  his  Mer- 

*  c)'  give  a  Bleffing.' 

After  the  reading  of  this  Anfwer,  it  was  refolved 
to  con^municate  the  Contents  of  it  to  the  Commons. 
Then  the  Lord -General  ftood  up,  and  defired  he 
might  receive  Directions  from  the  Houle  how  he 
fliould  order  his  Forces  during  the  Time  of  this 
Treaty  :  For,  if  he  {hould  advance  his  Quarters  to- 
wards the  King,,  it  might  be  thpught  an  A&  of  Ho- 
ftility  ;  and,  it  he  {hould  omit  any  Thing,  then  he 
might  be  looked  upon  as  remifs.  Thereupon  the 
Houfe  refolved  to  write  a  Letter  to  the  King's  Se- 
cretary, to  know  his  Majefty's  Pleafure  concerning  a 
Ceflation  of  Arms,  during  the  Time  of  this  Treaty  ; 
and  gave  the  Lord -General  Directions  to  forbear 
doing  any  A&  of  Hoftility  while  further  Orders. 
The  Commons  having  given  their  Concurrence,  a 
Letter  was  fent  to  the  Secretary  in  thefe  Words : 

My 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        33 

^Iy  Lord, 
7 dm  commanded,  by  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  Par-  An.  18.  dr.  I. 

liament,  to  fignify  to  your  Lord/hip,  that,  with         l64*« 
much  Joy,  they  received  his  Majejty's  Gracious  Anfwer  ^T.~*~  ^ 
unto  their  Petition ;  expreffing  his  pious  Inclinations 
unto  Peace.     They  do  refolye,  with  all  Diligence,  toorrl 
fend  their  humble  Proportions  unto  his  Majefty,  and,  ter  con 
likewife,  their  Anfwer  concerning  Wind  for-  Cattle  ;Ceflation  of  Ho- 
in  the  mean  Time,  they  defire  to  know  his  Majejlys ftilities* 
Pleafure,  how  the  Armies  jhall  govern  themfe-lves,  and 
whether  he  does  not  refolve  on  a  Cejfation  of  all  AcJs 
of  Hoflility,  upon  the  Overture  for  Peace.     This  is 
all  1  have,  at  prefent,  unto  your  Lordjhip^  adding 
Duty,  unto  it,  and  an  AJJurance  of  being 
Your  Lordfhip's 

moft  afFedionate  Friend 
and  humble  Servant, 

GREY. 

The  Houfe  of  Commons,  however,  did  not  wait 
for  any  Anfwer  from  the  King ;  for  this  Day  they 
agreed  to  fend  a  Meflage  to  the  Lord-General,  to 
defire  him  to  proceed  according  to  his  beft  Advan- 
tages, notwithstanding  the  foregoing  Letter  fent  to 
the  King  by  Sir  Peter  Killigrew,  or  any  Proceedings 
thereon  ;  in  regard  the  other  Side  had  begun  to  aft 
Hoftilities  fmce  that  Letter  was  agreed  upon.  The 
General  anfwered,  That  he  did  not  intend  to  be 
amufed  by  Treaties;  but,  fmce  they  had  begun  with 
Aclrs  of  Hoftility,  to  purfue  and  fee  what  they  would 
do. 

Nov.  13.  The  Parliament  had  now  the  City  of 
London  fo  much  at  their  Devotion,  that,  this  Day, 
the  Commons  being  informed,  That  feveral  Ci 
y,ens  were  at  the  Door,  who  defired  to  offer  fome- 
thing  to  their  Confideration,  thqy  were  called  in :  Jt*  to  the  Com- 
And  one  Mr.  Shute,  a  Merchant,  in  the  Name  ofmons> 
the  reft,  addrefled  the  Houfe  in  a  Speech,  which 
appears  to  have  been  a  very  long  one  by  the  fol- 

VOL.  Xlf.  C  '    lowin?; 


34       I7je  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18-  Car.  I. lowing  Heads  of  it  taken  and  entered  in  the  Com- 

1642.        mons  Journals : 

t-r"v~T"'  '  That  they  did  acknowledge,  with  all  Thahk- 
fulnefs,  the  continued  and  unwearied  Care  and  Pains 
of  this  Houfe,  for  the  Prefervation  of  the  true  Pro- 
tcftant  Religion,  the  Liberty  of  the  People,  and  the 
Privileges  of  Parliament. 

'  They  have  prefented  a  Petition  of  ten  Particu- 
lars ;  to  which  they  expect  an  Anfwer  in  convenient 
Time. 

'  They  fpcak  in  the  Language  of  many  Thou- 
fands  :  That  they  fear  they  are  bought  and  fold. 
Thefe  Things  they  prefent : 

I.  *  That  in  a  Cafe  of  fo  much  Danger,  and  fo 
great  Concernment,  there  {hould  be  but  one  Army 
to  rely  upon. 

2. "'  That,  in  all  this  Time,  the  King's  Strength 
lying  in  Horfe,  that  the  City  {hould  not  appear  in 
a  confiderable  Body  of  Horfe. — Though  it  has  been 
offered,  and  not  effe&ually  yet  put  in  a  Way,  they 
do  now  again  offer  it. 

3.  f  That  ffindjbr-Caflle  {hould  not  be  provided 
for  as  it  ought. 

4.  •  That  Col.  If  Giles's  Regiment,  Men  of  that 
Courage,  and  fo  confiderable,  {hould  be  expofed  t<» 
a  Place  of  fo  imminent  Danger,  lying  next  to  the 
Enemy's  Forces,  and  almoft  naked. 

5.  '  The  Point  of  Accommodation  is  another 
Reafon  cf  their  Grief. 

They  are  come  to  this  Refolution  : 
'  That  they  will  man  out  every  Man  his  Man, 
and  make  their  own  Captains  and  Officers,  arid  live 
and  die  with  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  in  Defence 
thereof:  And  if  there  be  any  in  the  Lords  Houfe, 
that  do  any  way  retard  or  hinder  this  public  Defence, 
they  wifh  they  would  declare  themfelves ;  and  that 
they  wexe  with  the  King. 

6.  *  Another  Matter  of  their  Grief  was,  That 
the  Saibatb  Day  {hould  be  fo  long  profaned  by  pub- 
lic Authority  ;  and   the  Book  that  enjoins  it,  not 

unit  bv  the  Hands  of  the  common  Hangman. 

They 


Of   ENGLAND.         35 

They  ob/erve  that  this  Day  they  have  fo  profaned  An.  iS.  Car.  I. 
has  been  the  Day  of"  their  Ruin.  a 

7.  «  The  Blood  of  the  Martyrs,  (bed  in  Queen 
JWary's  Days,  done  by  public  A£h  of  Parliament, 
and  no  Expiation  as  yet  made  for  it. 

8.  '  The  Officers  in  the  Army  (though  they  muft 
always  mention  my  Lord-General  with  Honour, 
as  one  in  whom  they  abfolutely  confide)  not  fo  care- 
ful and  diligent  as  they  ought,    nor  all  of  them  fo 
trufty. 

9.  «  The  Numbers  of  the  Prifoners  very  great, 
and  of  dangerous  Condition  ;  and  the  Matters  and 
Keepers  of  thofe  Prifons  not  to  be  confided  in.   b 

JO.  *  The  good  Minifters  in  Time  paft  filenced, 
and  put  out  by  the  Bifliops. 

'  You  have  our  Perfons,  Purfes,  and  Eftates, 
all  at  vour  Command  :  You  may  do  with  us  at  your 
Pleafu're. 

'  We  come  in  the  Name  of  the  Godly  and  Aclive 
Part  of  the  City.' 

The  Citizens  being  withdrawn,  the  Commons 
came  to  the  following  Refclutions  : 

1.  '  That  the  Book  concerning  Injoining  and  To- 
lerating of  Sports  upon  the  Sabbath  Day,  be  forth- 
with burnt  by  the  Hands  of  the  common  Hangman, 
in  the  ufual  Places. 

2.  '  That  this  Houfe  doth  accept  of  the  Offer  of 
the  Citizens,    of  furnifhing  Horfe  and  Foot ;  and 
doth  account  it  to  be  a  Service  much  importing  the 
Safety  of  the  Commonwealth}  and  doth  return  them 
public  and  hearty  Thanks.' 

The  Citizens  being  called  in  again,  the  Speaker, 
by  the  Command  of  the  Houie,  told  them,  '  They 
found  that  what  was  faid  was  exprefled  with  a 
zealous  and  earneft  Care  of  the  Commonwealth  -y 
for  which  they  returned  them  public  and  hearty 
Thanks. 

C  2  'For 

a  He  means,  we  fuppcfe,  the  Battle  of  Edge-Kill,  fought  on  a 
.Sunday, 

t>  About  this  Time  the  Commons  refolved,  That  the  Eifhop  of 
Wincbtftir's  Houfe,  in  Ssnttnuark,  fhould  be  appointed  aj  a  Piifya 
fo:  Deiinquant-  j  probabty  for  the  Reafon  here  affigr^j. 


36       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

n.  iS.Car.  I.      f  For  the  Particular  of  Horfe  and  Foot,  they  ac- 
1342.        cept  jt  .  amj  jjave  appOinted  a  particular  CoTnmittee 


to  treat  about  it. 

'  The  Book  of  Sports  they  have  voted  to  be  burnt 
by  the  Hands  of  the  common  Hangman.' 

Mr.  Shute  having  defired   to  ipeak  again,    faid 

*  That  the  coming  of  the  Lord  General's  Army  into 
the  City  of  London,  and  flaying  here  fo  long  as  they 
<!id,  is  another  Thing  that  troubles  them;    which 
they  forgot  to  exprefs  before. 

'  Another  Thing  is,  That  fome  prefent  and 
more  fevere  Courfe  might  be  taken  with  Malig- 
nants  ;  and,  amongft  them,  with  the  malignant 
Minifters.' 

And  then  the  Citizens  withdrew. 

November  14.  A  Letter  from  the  King,  directed 
to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  was  read  ; 
which  was  only  a  Command  to  him  to  communicate 
the  inclofed  Paper  to  the  whole  Houfe  ;  the  Purport 
of  which  was  this  : 

-c  <*  •*  ^Hereas  the  laft  Ni^ht,  being  the  nth  of 
VV.    *&*«»*«•,    after   the  Departure  of  the 

*  Committee  of  both  our  Houfes,  with  our  gracious 

*  Anfwer  to  their  Petition,  we  received  certain  In- 
'  formation  (having  till  then  heard  nothing  of  it, 

*  either  from  the  Houfes  Committee,  or  otherwife) 

*  that  the  Earl  of  EJJ'ex  had  drawn  his  Forces  out  of 

*  London  towards  us,    which  hath  neceffitated  our 

*  fudden  Refolution  to  march  with  our  Forces  to 

*  Brentford  i  we  have  thought  fit  hereby  to  fignify 

*  t&  both  our  Houfes  of  Parliament,  that  we  are  no 

*  lefs  defirous  of  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  than 

*  we  exprefled  in  our  aforefaid  Anfwer;  the  Propo- 

*  iltions  for  which  we  fhall  willingly  receive,  where- 

*  ever  we  are  ;  and  defire.  if  it  may  be,  to  receive 
'  them  at  Brentford  this  Night,  or  early  To-mor- 

*  row  Morning,     that  all  poflible  Speed  may   be 
'  made   in  fo    good   a   Work  ;    and   all  Inconve- 

*  niences,    otherwife  likely  to  intervene,    may  be 

*  avoided.' 

The 


Of    ENGLAND.         37 

The  Houfe  was  likewife  informed,  That  Sir  Peter  An.  iS.  Car.  I. 

W)  who  was  to  carry  the  Letter  fent  laft  from         l6-t-2- 
the  Parliament  to  the  King,  went  as  far  as  Brent-       ^~"*~ 
ford,  where  he  found  the  King's  Army  engaged  with 
fome  Regiments  of  the  Lord-General's;  and  th  at  Where  bothAr- 
thcn  endeavouring  to  go  by  Uxbridge,  he  was  there miai  "S^S6* 
alfo  ftopp'd   by  fome  Dragoons  belonging  to  the 
King's  Army;  and  upon  that  he  returned  back  with 
the  Letter,  which  he  defired  to  know  whai  to  do 
with. 

The  Lord-General  faying,  at  the  fame  Time, 
That  he  had  placed  three  Regiments  at  Brentfirdy 
before  the  Committee  of  Lords  and  Commons  came 
from  the  King,  it  was  refolved  to  have  a  Confe- 
rence with  the  Conomons  on  all  thefe  Matters  ;  and 
to  appoint  a  Committee  to  draw  up  a  Declaration; 
which,  with  the  Letters  pro  and  con,  were  to  be 
forthwith  printed  and  published,  in  order  to  vindi-~,  B  .. 

i        A  <T  i  -r\    r  r  i       i     rr       r  "e  Parliament 

cate  the  Actions  and  L/eiires  or  both  rloules,  con-deftretheEarlof 
cerning  Peace  and  a  Deflation  of  Arms.     At  this-E/'*  to  make 
Conference,  however,  it  was  recommended  to  the "afee°sfailAdvan" 
Lord- General,  by  both  Houfes,  to  take  all  Advan-  ^ 
tage  againft  the  Enemy,  wherever  he  found  them. 

Nov.  15.  The  Commons  reibh-ed  to  accept  of 
an  Offer  of  the  Citizens  of  London^  whereby  they  The  Citizens  of 
engaged  to  raife  1000  Light  Horfe  and  3000  Dra-£j^BH™fecan4 
goons,  for  the  Service   of  the  Parliament,  to  be  Dragoons, 
commanded  by  the  Lord-General  alone,  and  to  be 
accountable  to  none  but  himfelf  by  the  Advice  of 
both  Houfes.     They  alfo  recommended  Serjeant- 
Major-General  Skippon,  who  formerly  had  com- 
manded the  Guard  appointed  to  attend  both  Houfes, 
to  command  thofe  Horfe  and  Dragoons  in  Chief 
under  the  Lord-General  ;  and  Col.  Hurrey  under 
Mr.  Skippon  k.     Mr.  IVhitlocke  gives  us  the  follow- 
ing Speech  of  the  latter  to  his  Soldiers;  who,  he 
C  3  fays, 

It  Both  Lord  Clarendon  and  Mr.  IVhitlocit  agree  in  afcriting  this 
extraordinary  Offer  of  the  Citizens,  to  the  indefatigable  Zeil  and 
•A&ivity  of  the  Lo:d  Mayor  Per.nington,  who  fucceeded  to  that  Of- 
fice by  the  Removal  of  Sir  RicbardCurney,  and  \va*  again  defied  for 
thaYear  1643. 


3  8       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Ah.  18.  Car.  I.  fays,  were  more  taken  with  it  than  with  a  formal 
l64*-        Oration. 

November.      s^QME  my  Boy J,  iny  brave  Boys,  let  KJ  pray  heartily 

Mr  Sk!     »'s  flw^  fi^Jt  heartily,  1  will  run  the  fame  Fortunes 

Speech  tothofe  an^  Hazards  with  ycu.     Remember  the  Cauje  is  for 

Troops.  God,  and  for  the  Defence  of  y  surf  elves,  your  Wives, 

and  Children.     Come   my   honejl   brave  Boys,  pray 

heartily  and  jight  heartily,  and  God  will  blefs  us. 

Nov.  1 6.  The  Committee  of  Safety  having  drawn 
up  an  Anfwer  to  the  King's  laft  Meflage,  it  was  this 
Day  read  and  agreed  to  by  both  Houfcs,  and  was 
in  htec  Verba  : 

The  Parlia-      '  'T^O  your  Majefty's  MefTage  of  the  I2th  of  this 
mcnt's  Anfwer  '  Month  of  November,   we  the  Lords  and 

to  the  King's    «  Commons  in  Parliament  do  make  this   humble 
<  Anfwer,  That  this  Meflage  was  not  delivered  to 

*  us  till  Monday  the  I4th.    We  thought  it  a  ftrange 

*  Introduction  to  Peace,  that  your  Majcfty  fhould 
'  fend  your  Army  to  beat  us  out  of  our  Quarters  at 
'  Brentford,  and  then  appoint  that  Place  to  receive 

*  our  Propofitions ;  which  yet,  it  plainly  appears, 
'  your  Majefty  intended  not  to  receive,  'till  you 
'  had  firft  tried  whether  you  could  break  through 
'  the  Army,  raifed  for  the  Defence  of  this  Kingdom 
'  and  Parliament,  and  take  the  City,  being  unpro- 
'  vided  and  fecure  in  Expectation  of  a  fair  Treaty 

*  made  to  fecure  the  City  :  If  herein  your  Majefty 
'  had  prevailed,  after  you  had  deftroyed  the  Army 
'  and  mafter'd  the  City,  it  is  eafy  to  imagine  what 
'  a  miferable  Peace  we  fhould  have  had :  And  whe- 

*  ther  thofe  Courfes  be  fuitable  to  the  Expreflions 
'  your  Majefty  is  pleafed  to  make,  in  your  Anfwer 

*  to  our  Petition,  of  your  Earncftncfs  to  avoid  any 

*  further  Effufion  of  Blood,  let  God  and  the  World 
'judge. 

*  As  for  our  Proceedings,  they  have,  in  all 
'  Things,  been  anfwerable  to  our  Profeffions:  We 
'  gave  Directions  to  the  Earl  of  EJfex  to  draw  the 
'  Army  under  his  Command  out  of  the  City  and 
'  Suburbs,  before  we  fent  any  Meflage  to  your  Ma- 

jefty, 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.          39 

jcfty,  fo  that  Part  of  it  was  quartered  in  I,  rent  ford  An.  iS.  Car.  ^ 
before  the  Committee  return'd  with  your  Anfwerj  l642- 
and  immediately  upon  th£  Receipt  thereof,  that  *T-"V"*'""'' 
very  Morning,  Order  was  taken  that  the  Soldiers 
{hould  cxsrciie  no  AiSls  of  Hoftility  againft  any  of 
your  Majeity's  People  :  We  fent  a  Letter  by  Sir 
P^ter  Killigreiu  to  know  your  Majefty's  Pieafure, 
whether  you  intended  the  like  Forbearance  of  MQ- 
(tility  ;  but  the  Fury  of  your  Soldiers,  thirfting 
after  Blood  and  Spoil,  prevented  the  Delivery  oi" 
the  Letter ;  for  coming,  upon  Saturday,  in  his  Way 
towards  your  Majefly,  as  far  as  Brentford,  he 
found  them  in  Fight  there,  and  could  pafs  no  far- 
ther. God,  who  fees  our  Innocency,  and  that  we 
have  no  Aims  but  for  his  Glory  and  the  Public 
Good,  will,  we  hope,  free  your  Majefty  from  thefg 
deftructive  Counfels  of  fome,  who  labour  to  main- 
tain their  own  Power  by  Blood  and  Rapine ;  and 
blefs  our  Endeavours,  who  feek  nothing  but  to  pro- 
cure and  eftablifh  the  Honour,  Peace,  and  Safety 
of  your  Majefty  and  Kingdoms,  upon  the  fure 
Foundations  of  Religion  und  Juilicc.' 

The  Lord  Grey,  as  Speaker,  was  ordered  to  fend 
this  Anfwer  to  the  King,  inclofed  in  a  Letter  to  the 
Lord  Falkland,  by  Sir  Peter  Killigrew. 

Ncz\  18.   Though  both  Houfcs  were  fo  much 
employed  in  the  Military  Service,  that  little  or  no- 
thing elfe  can  be  found  in  the  Journals  of  either  of 
them  ;  yet,  this  Day,  an  Accident  happened  which 
diverted  them  a  little  from  that  Puriuit,  and  turned 
their  Thoughts  towards  Law- Affairs  and  Courts  of 
Juftice.     The  Lords  were  informed,  That  a  Mef- 
lenger  had  been  apprehended  by  the  Lord -General,  j.j;s  j^a-efty  ^3. 
who  finding  about  him  a  Proclamation  and  Writs  ving  propofed  to 
for  the  Adjournment  of  the  prefent  Term,  the  faid  adJ°urn Micbatl- 
Papers  were  fent  to  the  Koufe  of  Commons;  and,*"" 
upon  opening,  they  found  the  Proclamation  for  Ad- 
journment was   to  take  Place  as   that  very  Day. 
This  the  Commons  conceived  to  be  very  deftrudive 
and  prejudicial  to  the  whole  Kin&dom,  if  it  {hould 
be  fo ;  there  being  three  Days  in  the  Law,  one  for 


40       The  Parliamentary  HISTORV 

An.  18.  Car.  l.Eflbigns,  another  for  Returns,  and  a  third  for  Ap- 

i&t-z.        pearances.     And  if  the  Term  (hould  be  adjourned, 

*T""V~"""<' '    according  to  this  Proclamation  and  Writ,  it  would 

November.     ^e  obftru£tive  to  the  whole  Proceedings  of  the  Law, 

and  many  Evils  would  enfue.     For, 

1.  All  former  Proceedings,  at  the  laft  Affixes, 
would  be  loft,  fo  that  no  Judgment  could  be  given 
therein. 

2.  No  original  Writs,  or  mefne  Procefs,  could 
iflue  out,  on  any  Occafion,  though  it  be  to  deliver 
any  out  of  Prifon. 

3.  If  the  Term  ftould  be  adjourned,  there  being 
an  Army  in  the  Field,  and  the  King's  Colours  flying, 
it  would  be  accounted  Tempus  Belli,  when  all  Laws 
fleep,  are  filent  and  diflblved  ;  and  then  there  would 
be  no  Property,  nor  would  any  Violence  be  counted 
an  Injury. 

4.  No  Fines  nor  Recoveries  could  be  taken, 
•whereby  Men  may  pafs  common  Afiurances  for  fet- 
tling their  Eftates  >  befitJes  many  other  Evils  would 
enfue,  to  the  ObftruiStion  of  the  whole  Law. 

Therefore  the  Houfe  of  Commons  defired,  that 
their  Lordfhips  would  give  Direction  to  the  Judges 
to  keep  this  Term,  and  not  to  make  Adjournments 
of  it,  either  by  virtue  of  thefe  Writs,  or  any  other 
WYits  whatfoever  they  {hall  receive. 

The  Writs  were  not  opened,  but  the  Proclama- 
tion was  read  as  follows  : 

AndifluedaPro-*  T  T  THereas  his  Majcfty  did  adjourn  Part  of  this 
'    *  V    Term  °.f  Sf'  M'ichae/i  from  the  firft  Re' 

'  turn,  called  /)  Die  5.  Michaelis  in  ires  Septimanas^ 
«  untill  the  Return,  Oflab.  S.  Martini;  his  Majefty, 
'  confidering  the  prefent  Diftraclions  of  this  King- 
'  dom,  doth  declare,  That  the  Refidue  of  the  faid 

*  Term,   beginning  at  the  faid  Return  of  Oflab. 

*  5.  Martini,  be  wholly  adjourned,  as  to  all  Appear- 
'  ances,  Caufes,  Matters,  and  Things,  which  mould 
'  have  been  made  or  done  in  any  of  his  Majefty's 

*  Courts  at  l^ejlminjler-,  untill  OElab.  Hilarii  next 
<  following;  and  that  Writs  of  Adjournment  mall 
«  be  made  by  one  Judge  of  each  Bench,  giving 

them 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        41 

them  Power  to  adjourn  the  Refidue  of  the  faid  An.  18.  Car.  I, 
Term   of  St.  Michael's  ;  and  the  faid  Adjourn-         l642- 
ment  fhall  be  made  on  the  firft  Day  of  the  faid 
OcJab.  S.  MicLaelis^  commonly  called  the  Day  of 
Efibigns. 

Given  at  Oatlands,  the  i$tb  a/"  November,  in  the 
iStb  2'ear  of  bis  now  Majejlys  Reign. 

The  Lords  taking  thefe  Matters  into  ferious  Con- 
federation, as  a  Thing  of  great  Importance  to  the 
Good  of  the  whole  Kingdom,  agreed  with  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  in  the  Matter  of  this  Meflage, 
and  made  the  following  Order: 

Ordered,  by  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  Parlia-  The  Parliament 
ment  aficmbled,  *  That  the  Judges  of  the  King's  ^^^"5? 
Bench,  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  and  Barons  of  thefaid  Term, 
Exchequer,  are  hereby  enjoined  that  they  do  not, 
neither  by  virtue  of  thefe  Writs  of  Adjournment 
now  fent,  nor  any  other  Writs  whatfocver  which 
lhall  be  fent,  adjourn  this  Term  of  St.  Michael;  but 
that  they  (hail  lit  and  proceed  to  difpatch  the  public 
Juftice  of  the  Kingdom,  according  as  is  uftial  in 
their  feveral  Courts. 

This  Order  was  read  in  the  Houfe ;  and  the  Judges, 
prefent  commanded  to  take  Notice,  and  obey  it. 

There  had  been  fome  Intimations,  for  feveral  Days  And  refolve  t» 
laft  paft,  entered  in  the  Journals,  for  calling  in  theca!lintheAflift- 
Scots  to  the  Affiftancc  of  the  Parliament;  and  thisanc 
Day  a  Declaration  was  fent  up  from  the  Commons, 
whereby  one  Mr.  Pickering  was  authorized  and  re- 
quired to  deliver  the  fame  to  the  Council  of  State 
in  that  Kingdom,  and  otherwife  to  publifli  it  as  he 
fhould  fee  Occafion  ;  and  that  Inductions  be  fenc 
to  him  to  follicit  the  Effect  of  it.     It  was  alfo  or- 
dered, That  the  faid  Declaration  jfhould  be  deliver'd 
to  the  Scots  Commiffioners  refiding  in  London.    To 
all  which  the  Lords  agreed,  and  is  as  follows : 

E  the  Lords  and  Commons  aflembled  in  Their  DedUra. 
the  Parliament  of  England,  confidering^.°n  to  that 
«-  W.TrUrr,  <,nA  ™,ki;~  Aff,,A;«,       „..  R^    Kingdom. 


*  with  what  Wifdom  and  public  AffecYion  our  Bre- 

*  thren 


An.  i?.  Car.  1. 
1642. 


November. 


42       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

thren  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland  did  concur  witfr 
the  Endeavours  of  this  Parliament,  and  the  Dc- 
fires  of  the  whole  Kingdom,  in  procuring  and 
establishing  a  firm  Peace  and  Amity  between  the 
two  Nations  j  and  how  lovingly  they  have  fince 
invited  us  to  a  nearer  and  higher  Degree  of  Union, 
in  Matters  concerning  Religion  and  Church-Go- 
vernment, which  we  have  me!!  willingly  and  af- 
fectionately embraced  and  intend  to  purfue,  can- 
not doubt  but  they  will,  with  as  much  Forward- 
nefs  and  Affection,  concur  with  us  in  fettling  Peace 
in  this  Kingdom,  and  preferving  it  in  their  own  ; 
that  fo  we  may  mutually  reap  the  Benefit  of  that 
Amity  and  Alliance,  fo  happily  made  and  ftrongly 
confirmed  betwixt  the  two  Nations.  Where- 
fore, as  we  did  about  a  Year  fince,  in  the  firft  Ap- 
pearance of  Trouble  then  beginning  amongft  them, 
actually  declare,  That,  in  our  Senfe  and  Appre- 
henfion  of  the  National  Alliance  betwixt  us,  we 
were  thereby  bound  to  apply  the  Authority  of  Par- 
liament and  Power  of  this  Kingdom  to  the  Prefer- 
vation  and  Maintenance  of  their  Peace  :  And  fee- 
ing now  that  the  Troubles  of  this  Kingdom  are 
grown  to  a  greater  Height,  and  the  fubtle  Prac- 
tices of  the  common  Enemy  of  the  Religion  and 
Liberty  of  both  Nations  do  appear  with  more 
Evidence,  Strength,  and  Danger,  than  they  did  at 
that  Time:  We  hold  it  neceflary  to  declare,  That* 
in  our  Judgment,  the  fame  Obligation  lies  upon 
our  Brethren  by  the  afore-mentioned  Act,  with 
the  Power  and  Force  of  that  Kingdom  to  affift  us, 
in  repreffing  thofe  amongft  us  who  are  now  in 
Arms  and  make  War,  not  only  without  Confent 
of  Parliament,  but  even  againft  the  Parliament, 
and  for  the  Deftrudtion  thereof. 

'  Wherefore  we  have  thought  p,ood  to  make 
known  to  our  Brethren,  that  his  Majefty  hath  gi- 
ven Commifiion  to  divers  eminent  and  known 
Papifts,  to  raife  Forces,  and  compofe  an  Army 
in  the  North,  and  other  Parts  of  this  Kingdom  ; 
'"which  is  to  join  with  divers  foreign  Forces  intended- 

4  to 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         43 

'  to  be  tranfported  from  beyond  the  Seas,  for  the  An.  i*.  Car.  I. 

*  Deftrudion  of  this  Parliament,  and  of  the  ReH-         l542< 

'  gion  and  Liberty  of  the  Kingdom.     And  that  the    ^^j^"*' 
'  Prelatical  Part  of  the  Clergy,  and  their  Adherents, 

*  have  likewife  invited  his  Majefty  to  raife  another 
'  Army;  which,  in  his  own  Perfon,  he  doth  conduct 

*  againft  the   Pariiament  and  the  City  of  London, 
'  plundering    and     robbing    fundry    well-afFe&ed 
'  Towns,  within  their  Power  :    And  that,  in  Pro- 
'  fecution  of  their  Malice,  they  are  fo  prefumptuous 

*  and  predominant  of  his    Majefty's    Refolutions, 

*  that  they  forbear  not  thofe  Outrages  in  Places  to 
'  which  his  Majefty  hath  given  his  Royal  Word 
'  and  Protection.     A  great  Caufe  and  Incentive  of 

*  which    Malice    proceeds    from  the  Defign    they 
4  have  to  hinder  the  Reformation  in  Ecclefiaftical 
'  Government  in  this  Kingdom,  fo  much  longed 

*  for  by  all  true  Lovers  of  the  Pioteftant  Religion. 

4  And  hereupon  we  further  deftre  our  Brethren  of 

*  the  Nation  of  Scot  land,  to  raife  fuch  Forces  as  they 
'  fhail  judge  fufficient  for  the  fecuring  the  Peace  of 

*  their  own  Borders,  againft  the  ill -affected  Perfons 

*  there  ;  as  likewife  to  nffift  us  in  fupprefling  the 

*  Army  of  Papifts  and  i?oreigners,  which,  as  we 

*  expect,  will  fhortly  be  on  Foot  here  ;  and,  if  they 

*  be  not  timely  prevented,  may  prove  as  mifchie- 

*  vous  and  deftrtiCtiv'e  to  that  Kingdom  as  to  our- 
<  ftJve?. 

4  And  though  we  feek  nothing  from  his  Majefty, 

*  that  may  diminish  his  juft  Authority  or  Honour  ; 

*  and  have,  by  many  humble  Petitions,  endeavoured 
'  to  put  an  End  to  this  unnatural  War  and  Com- 

*  buftion  in  the  Kingdom  ;  and  to  procure  his  Ma- 

*  jefty's  Protection  and  Security  for  our  Religion, 

*  Liberty,  and  Perfons,  according  to  that  great  Truft 
'  which  his  Majefty  is  bound  to  by  the  Laws  of  the 

*  Land  ;  and  {hall  ftill  continue  to  renew  our  Peti- 

*  tions  in  that  Kind  :   Yet,  to  our  great  Grief,  we 
'  fee  the  Papiftical  and  Malignant  Counfel  fo  pre- 
'  valent  with  his  Majefty,  and  his  Perfon  fo  engaged 

*  to  their  Power,  that  we  have  little  Hope  of  better 

1  Succefs 


44       the  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I. '  Succefs  of  our  Petitions  than  we  formerly  had ; 

164*.        «  and  are  thereby  neceffttated  to  ftand  upon  our  juft 

*r7-~v""*""'    <  Defence,  and  to  feek  this  fpeedy  and   powerful 

ov      er.     4  Afliftance  of  our  Brethren  of  Scotland^  according 

'  to  that  Adi  agreed  upon  in  the  Parliament  of  both 

'  Kingdoms,  the  common  Duty   of  Chriftianity, 

'  and   the  particular  Interefts  of  their  own  King- 

'  dom  :  To  which  we  hope  God  will  give  fuch  a 

*  Blefling,  that  it  may  produce  the  Prefervztion  of 
'  Religion  ;  the  Honour,  Safety,  and  Peace  of  his 

*  Majefty,  and  all  his  Subjects  j  and  a  more  ftrict 
'  Conjunction  of  the  Counfels,  Defigns,  and  En- 

*  deavours  of  both  Nations,  for  the  Comfort  and 
'  Relief  of  the  Reformed   Churches    beyond  the 

"  Seas>'  JOHN  BROWN,  Cler.  Par/. 

Nov.  7,  HEN.  ELSYNGE,  Cler.  Dom.  Com. 

1642. 

In  Anfwer  to  the  foregoing  Declaration  of  Parlia- 
ment, the  King  fent  the  following  Meflage  to  the 
Lords  of  his  Privy  Council  of  Scotland^  fome  Time 
after  :  But  we  bring  it  in  here  for  the  Sake  of  Con- 
nection. 

Right  Trujly  and  Right  Well-beloved  Coufms  and 
Counsellor 's,  and  Right  Trufty  and  Well- beloved 
Counsellors,  iue  greet  you  we/lt 

The  King's  An-*  "\TI  7*E  nave  lately  feen  a  Paper,  prefented  to  us 
c  \\  by  the  Earl  of  Lindfay*  as  a  Declaration 
'  of  the  Lor(ls  and  Commons  aflembled  in  the  Par- 
'  liament  of  England^  of  the  feventh  of  November? 

*  to  our  Subjects   of  our   Kingdom   of  Scotland ; 

*  which,  after  many  high  Taxes  of  us  and  our  Go- 

*  vernment,  very  earneitly  invites,  and  in  a  Man- 

*  ner  challenges,  Afliftance  from  that  our  Native 
'  Kingdom,  of  Men  and  Arms  for  making  a  War 

*  againft  us ;  making  a  Claim  to  that  Afliftance,  by 

*  virtue  of  the  late  Act  of  Pacification,  to  the  which 

*  (out  of  our  Defire  to  make  a  perpetual  Union  be- 

*  tween  our  two  Kingdoms,  for  the  Happinefs  of 
'  both,  and  by  it  the  more  firmly  to  eftablifh  our 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        45 

e  own  Greatoefs  and  juft  Power)  we  chearfully  con- AH.  iS.  Car.  I, 
'  fented.  i64z. 

'  As  we  are,  at  our  Soul,  afflicted  that  it  hath  been  *"-*" •"V- -* 
«  in  the  Power   of  any  fadious,   ambitious,   and    ' 
'  malicious  Perfons,  fo  far  to  poffefs  the  Hearts  of 
'  many  of  our  Subjects  of  England,    as  to  raiie  this 

*  miferable  Diftemper  and  Diftractioji  in  this  King- 
'  dom,  againft  all  our  real  Actions  and  Endeavours 
'  to  the  contrary ;  fo  we  are  glad  that  this  Rage 
'  and  Fury  hath  fo  tar  tranfported  them,  that  they 
'  apply  themfelves,  in  fo  grofs  a  Manner,  to  our 
'  Subjects  of  Scotland-,  whofe  Experience  of  our 

*  Religion,  Juftice,  and  Love  of  our  People,  will 
'  not  fuffer  them  to  believe  thofe  horrid  Scandals 

*  laid  upon  us  ;   and  their  Affection,  Loyalty,  and 
'  Jealoufy  of  our  Honour,  will  difdain  to  be  made 

*  Instruments  to  opprefs  their  Native  Sovereign,  by 
6  affifting  an  odious  Rebellion. 

'  We  have,  from  Time  to  Time,  acquainted  our 
'  Subjects  of  that  Kingdom  with  the  Accidents  and 
'  Circumftances  which  have  difquieted  this  ;  how 
«  (after  all  the  Acts  of  Juftice,  Grace,  and  Favour 

*  performed  on  our  Part,  which  were,  or  could  be, 

*  defired  to  make  a  People  completely  happy)  we 
'  were  driven,  by  the  Force  and  Violence  of  rude 
c  and    tumultuous    AfTeoiblies,   from  our  City   of 
*-  London,  and  our  two  Houfes  of  Parliament :  How 

*  Attempts  have  been  made  to  impofe  Laws  upon 

*  our  Subjects  without  our  Confent,  contrary  to  the 

*  Foundation  and  Confiitution  of  this  Kingdom  : 
'  How  our  Forts,  Goods,  and  Navy  were  feized 

*  and  taken  from  us  by  Force,  and  employed  againft 

*  us  :  Our  Revenue  and  ordinary  Subiiilence  wrefted 
'  from  us  :  How  we  have  been  purfued  with  fcaa- 
c  dalous  and  reproachful  Language  ;  hold,  falfe^  and 
s  feditious  Pafquils  and    Libels  publickly  allowed 
'  againft  us  ;  and  been  told,  That  we  might,  ivith- 

*  out  Want  of  Modefly  and  Duty,  be  depcfed. 

'  Now,  after  all  this,  before  any  Force  was,  raifed 

*  by  us,  an  Army  was  raifed,  and  a  General  ap- 

*  pointed   to  lead  that  Army  againft  us ;  with  a 

*  Coroiniflign  to  kill,  flay,  and  deftroy  all  fuch  who 

'  ihould 


46       *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  C«r.  I.4  fhould  be  faithful  to  us.    That  when  we  had  been, 
1642.        <  by  thefe  Means,  compelled,  with  the  Alliltance 


of  our  <rood  Subjedts,  to  raife  an  Aimy  for  our 

November.      t  •  \n   r 

4  neceliary  Defence ;  we  lent  divers  gracious  Mei- 


fages,  earneftly  defiring  that  the  Calamities  and 

*  Miferies  of  a  Civil  War  might  be  prevented  by  a 
«  Treaty,  and   fo  we  might  know  the  Ground  of 

*  this  Mifunderftanding.     How  we  were  abfolutely 

*  refufed  to  be  treated  with  ;  and  how,  at  laft,  the 

*  Army  (tailed,  as  was  pretended,  for  the  Defence 

*  of  our  Perfon)  was  brought  into  the  Field  agaimt 
4  us,  gave  us  Battle;  and,  though  it  pleafed  God  to 

*  give  us  the  Victory,  deftroyed  many  of  our  good 

*  Subjects,  with  as  imminent  Danger  to  our  own 

*  Perfon  and  our  Children,  as  the  Skill  and  Malice 

*  of  defperate  Rebels  could  contrive.    Of  all  which, 
4  and  the  other  Indignities  which  have  been  offered 
«  us,  we  doubt  not  the  Duty  2nd  Affettion  of  our 
4  Scots  Subjects  will  have  fo  juft  a  Rdentmer.t,  tli;-t 

*  they  will  exprefs  to  the  World  the  Senfe  they 
4  have  of  our  Sufferings.     And  our  good  Subjects 
4  of  Scotland  are  not,  we  hope,  fa  great  Strangers 

*  to  the  Affairs  of  this  Kingdom,  to  believe  that  this 

*  Misfortune  and  Diflraclion  is  begot  and  brought 
4  upon  us  by  our  two  Houfes  of  Parliament ;  tho', 
4  in  Truth,   no  unwarrantable  Action  againft  the 
4  Law  can   be  justified,    even  by   that  Authority. 
4  They  well   know  how   the   Members   of    both 

*  Houl'es  have  been  driven  thence,  in  fo  much  that, 

*  of  above  five  hundred  Members  of  the  Houfe  of 
4  Commons,  there  are  not  now  there  above  eighty ; 
4  and  of  above  one  hundred  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers, 
4  not  above   fifteen  or  fixteen  :    All  which  are  fo 

*  awed  by  the  Multitude  of  Anabaptifts,  Brownifts, 
4  and  other  Peofons,  defperate  and  decayed  in  their 
4  Fortunes,  in  and  about  the  City  of  London^  that, 
4  in  Truth,   thtir  Confutations  have  not  the  Free- 
•*  dom  and  Privilege  which  belongs  to  Parliaments. 

4  Concerning  any  Commiflions  granted  by  us  to 
4  Papifts  to  raife  Forces,  we  muft  refer  cur  good 
4  Subjects  to  a  Declaiation,  lately  fet  forth  by  ui 
'  upon  the  Occafion  of  that  Scandal,  which  we 

4  fend 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.          47 

*  fend  together  with  this ;  and  for  our  own  true  and  An.  18.  Ci-.  T. 
f  zealous  Affection  to  the  Proteftant  Religion,  the 

*  Advancement  whereof  our  Soul  defires,    we  can 
'  give  no  other  Inftance,  than  our  conftant  Practice, 
'  on  which  Malice  itfelf  can  lay  no  Blemifh,    and 
'  thole  many  Proteftations  we  have  made  in  the 
'  Sight  of  Almighty  God  ;  to  whom  we  know  we 
*•  fhall  be  dearly  accountable,  if  we  fail  in  the  Ob- 
'  fervation. 

'  For  that  fcnndalous  Imputation  of  our  Inten- 

*  tion  of  bringing  in  foreign  Forces  ;  as  the  fame  is 
4  raifed  without  the  leaft  Colour  or  Shadow  of  Rea- 
'  fon,  and  folemnly  difavowed  by  us  in  many  of 

*  our  Declarations  ;    fo  there  cannot  be  a  clearer 

*  Argument  to  our  Subjects  of  Scotland^    that  we 

*  have  no  fuch  Thought,  than  that  we  have  hither- 
'  to  forborne  to  require  the  Aiiiftance  of  that  our 

*  Native  Kingdom  ;  from  whole  Obedience,  Du- 

*  ty,  and  Affection,  we  fhould  confidently  expedt 
'  it,   if  we  thought  our  own  Strength  here  too  weak 
'  to  preferve  us  ;    and  of  whofe  Courage  and  Loy- 
'  alty  we  fhall  look  to  make  ufe,    before  we  fhall 
'  think  of  any  foreign  Aid  to  fuccour  us.     And  we 

*  know   no  reafonable  or  understanding   Man   can 
'  fuppofe  our  good  Subjects  of  Scotland  are  obliged, 

*  or  enabled,  by  the  late  Act  of  Parliament  in  both 
'  Kingdoms,  to  obey  the  Invitation  which  is  made 
'  to  them  by  this  pretended  Declaration  ;    when  it 
'  is  fo  evidently  provided  for  by  that  Act,  That  as 
'  the  Kingdom  of  England  fbalt  not  make  War  agair./l 
'  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,    without  Conjent  cf  the 

*  Parliament  of  England  ;   fo  the  Kingdom  cf  Scot- 
'  land  jhail  not  make  War  again/I  the  Kingdom  of 

*  England,    without  the  Conjent  of  the  Parliament 
'  of  Scotland  ;'    and  when  they  have  always  decla- 
'  red  themfelves  fo  careful  of  our  Honour,  Safety, 

*  and  juft  Rights,  which  now  undergo  fo  great  Yi- 

*  olation. 

*  This  we  have  thought  fit  to  fay  upon  (Dccafum 

*  of  this  late  Declaration;  and  do  commend  it  to 

*  you,  the  Lords  of  our  Privy -Council  of  our  Kfng- 

*  dom  of  Scotland,   to  be  communicated  and  pub- 

*  lifhcd 


48       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 
lilhed  to  a11  our  lovin?  SltbJeas  there  :    A™*  ^ 

_      '  l°e  grave  Counfel  and  Advice,  which  you  derived 
November.     '  hither  by  your  Act  of  the  22d  of  Apnl  laft  c,  had 
'  been  followed  here,  in  a  tender  Care  of  our  Royal 

*  Per  ion,  and  of  our  Princely  Greatnefs  and  Autho- 

*  rity,  then  would  not  this  Face  of  Confufion  have 

*  appeared,    which  now  threatens  this  Kingdom  : 
4  And  therefore  we  require  you  to  ufe  your  utmoft 

*  Endeavours  to  inform  our  Subjects  of  that  our 
'  Kingdom  of  the  Truth   of  our  Condition  ;    and 

*  that  you  fuffer  not  the  Scandals  and  Imputations, 
'  laid  on  us  by  the  Malice  and  Treafon  of  fome 

*  Men,    to  make  any  Impreflion  in  the  Minds  of 
'  our  People,    to  the  lefTening  or  corrupting  their 
'  Affection  and  Loyalty  to  us ;    but  that  you  aflure 
'  them  the  Hardfliips  we  now  undergo,    and   the 
'  Arms  we  have  been  compelled  to  take  up,  are  tor 

*  the  Defence  of  our  Perfon,  and  the  Safety  of  our 
'  Life  ;  for  the  Maintenance  of  the  true  Proteftant 

*  Religion;    for  the  Prefervation  of  the  Laws,  Li- 

*  berties,   and  Constitutions  of  this  Kingdom  ;  and 
'  for  the  juft  Privileges  of  Parliament ;  and  we  look 
'  no  longer  for  the  Blefling  of  Heaven,  than  we  en- 
'  deavour  the   Defence   and  Advancement  of   all 
'  thefe  :    And  we  doubt  not  a  dutiful  Concurrence 
'  in  our  Subjects  of  Scotland,    in  the  Care  of  our 
'  Honours  arid  juft  Rights,  will  draw  down  a  Blef- 
'  fing  upon  that  Nation  too.' 

Nov.  19.  A  Letter  was  read,  directed  to  the  Lord 
Grey  of  Werk,  as  Speaker,  from  the  Lord  Falkland, 
with  his  Majefty's  Reply,  inclofed,  to  the  Anfwer 
of  both  Houfes  to  his  Majefty's  Meflage  of  the  I2th 
Inftant,  which  was  alfo  read  as  follows  : 

The  King's  Re- «  rr^HAT  his  Meflage  of  the  I2th,  though  not 

!!w*Jf*£l'     J-      received  by  them  till  the  I4th,  was  fent  to 

fwer.  '  them,  firft,  upon  the  fame  Day  on  which  it  was 

'  dated  -,  and,  meeting  with  Stops  by  the  Way,  was 

*  again  fent  upon  the  I3th,    and  taken  upon  that 

«  Day, 

«•   In  our  Tenth  Velume. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         49 

'•Day,  at  Ten  in  the  Morning,  by  the  Earl  of  Ef-An.  18.  Car.  I. 
'  fex  ;    and,  tho' not  to  him  directed,  was  by  ;him        *      * 

*  opened  ;  fo  the  Slovvnefs  of  the  Delivery  is  not  fo     ^^^be* 
'  ftrange,  as  the  Stop  of  that  Letter  faid  to  be  fent 

c  by  Sir  Peter  Killegrtw,  which  his  Majefty  hath 

*  not  yet  received  ;  but  concludes,  from  the  Matter 
'  expreffed  to  have  been  contained  in  that  Letter, 

*  (to  wit,  to  know  his  Pleafure,  whether  he  infend- 

*  ed  the  Forbearance  of  Hoftility)  and  by  the  Com- 
'  mand  of  fuch  Forbearance,    faid  to  be  fent  to  the 

*  Lord  of  EJftx's  Army,    that  no  fuch  Forbearance 
4  was  already  concluded ;  and,  confequently,  neither 
'  had  his  Majefty  Caufe  to  fuppofe  that  he  fhould 
1  take  any  of  their  Forces  unprovided  and  fecure,  in 

*  an  Expectation  of  a  fair  Treaty  ;  neither  could 
'  any  hoftile  A£t  of  his  Majefty's  Forces  have  been 
'  a  Courfe  unfuitable  to  his  Expreffions  •,  much  lefs 

*  could  an  Endeavour  to  repofiefs  that  Place  (for 
'  fo  he  hop'd  he  might  have  done,    which  might 
'  have  flopped  the  further  March  of  thefe  Forces 

*  towards  him  ;  which,  for  ought  appeared  to  him, 

*  might  as  well  have  been  intended  to  Colebrook  as 

*  Brentford ;  and,  by  that,  the  further  Effufion  of 
'  Blood)  deferve  that  Style. 

*  His  Majefty  further  conceives,  That  the  print- 

*  ing,  fo  out  of  Time,  fuch  a  Declaration  as  their 
'  Reply  s  to  his  Anfwer  to  theirs  of  the  26th  of  May, 
'  but  the  Day  before  they  voted  the  Delivery  of 
'  their  Petition  ;   and  the  March  of  the  Earl  of  Ef- 
'/<?.v's  Forces  to  Brentford^  fo  near  to  his  Majefty, 

*  when  the  Committee  at  the  fame  Time  attended 
c  him  with  a  Petition  for  a  Treaty,  (the  Earl  of 

*  Effex  being  before  poflelTed  of  all  the  other  Avc- 

*  nues  to  his  Army,  by  his  Forces  at  Windfor,  Ac- 
'  ton,  and  Kingfton)   was  a  more  ftrange  Introduc- 
'  tion  to  Peace,  than  for  his  Majefty  not  to  fufter 
'  himfelf  to  be  cooped  up  on  all  Sides,  becaufe  a 

*  Treaty  had  been  mentioned  ;  which  was  fo  really 

VOL.  XII.  D  «  and 

£  This  Reply,  which  on  account  of  the  exceffive  Length  of  it,  we 
omit,  was  not  ordered  to  be  printed  till  the  ad  of  November,  though 
patted  by  both  Houfes  in  July.  It  may  be  found  both  in  RuJ/ytaonk 
and  Kufiands. 


50        T^e  Parliamentary  Hi s TORY 

An,  18.  Car.  I.'  and  fo  much  clcfired  by  his  Majefly,  that  this  Pro- 
'  ceeding  feems  to  him,  purpofely,  by  fome  intended 
'  to  divert,  which  it  could  not  do,  that  his  Inclina- 
'  tion. 

'  That  his  Majefty  had  no  Intention  to  matter 
'  the  City  by  fo  advancing,  bcfk'es  his  Profeflion, 

*  which  how  meanly  foever  they  feem  to  value  it, 

*  he  conceives  a  fufficient  Argument,  efpecialiy  be- 

*  ing  only  oppoied  by  Sufpicions  and  Surmifes,  may 
'  appear  by  his  not  purfuing  his  Victory  at  Brentford^ 

*  but  giving  Order  to  his  Army  to  march  away  to 

*  Kingjlon  as  foon  as  he  heard  that  Place  was  quitted, 
'  before  any  Notice  or  further  Appearance  of  Forces 
'  from  London  ;    nor  could  he  find  a  better  Way  to 

*  fatisfy  them  before-hand,  that  he  had  no  fuch  In- 
'  tention,    but  that  his  Defire  of  Peace  and  of  Pro- 

*  pofitions   that  might  conduce  to  it  ft  ill  continued, 

*  than  by  that  Meifage  of  the  twelfth  ;  for. which 
'  Care  of  his  he  was  requited  by  fuch  a  Reception 

*  of  his  Meflage  and  Mellenger,  as  was  contrary  at 

*  once  both  to  Duty,  Civility,  and  the  very  Cuiloms 

*  and  the  Law:of  War  and  Nations ; -and  fuch  as 

*  theirs,  though,  after  this  Provocation,    have   not 

*  have  found  from  him.   b 

*  His  Majefty  wonders  that  his  Soldiers  fhould  be 
'  charged  with  thirfting  after  Blood,  who  took  above 
'  500  Prifoners  in  the  very  Heat  of  the  Fight ;  his 
f  Majefty  having  fince  difmiiled  all  the  common 

*  Soldiers,  and  entertained  fuch  as  were  willing  to 

*  ferve  him,  and  required  only  from  the  reft  an  Oath 

*  not  to  ferve  againft  him.0     And  his  Majefty  fup- 

*  pofes  fuch  moft  apt  and  likely  to  maintain  their 
'  Power  by  Blood  and  Rapine,  who  have  got  it  only 
f  by  Oppreflkm  and  Injuftice ;  that  his  is  vefted  in 
«  him  by  the  Law,  and  by  that  only  (if  the  dcftruc- 

'  tive 

b  Mr.  Wbitt,  the  King's  Meflcngcr,  wns  very  roughly  ufed  by  the 
Earl  of  Effex,  and  the  Parliament  committed  him  to  the  Gatebouje, 
not  without  the  Motion  of  fome  Men,  That  he  might  be  executed  as 
a  Spy.  Clarendon,  81-0.  Vol.  \H.  p.  76. 

e  Two  of  the  Parliament's  moft  eminent  Chaplains,  Dr.  Dmvn- 
inp,  and  Mr.  Marjlal,  publickly  avowed,  That  thofe  Men  were  not 
•bilged  by  that  Oath.  UiJ.p.Si, 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         51 

five  Counfels  of  others  would  not  hinder  fuch  aAn-  *s-  Car.  j. 

Peace,  in  which  that  might  once  again  be  the  uni-       ,— 4— 

verfal  Rule,  and  in  which  Religion  and  Juftice  can  NoveJT,be: 
only  flourHh)  he  defines  to  maintain  it.  And  if 
Peace  were  equally  defired  by  them,  as  it  is  by  his 
Majefty,  he  conceives  it  would  have  been  proper 
to  have  fent  him  fuch  a  Paper,  as  mould  have  con- 
tained juft  Propofitions  of  Peace,  and  not  an  un- 
juft  Accufation  of  his  Counfels,  Proceedings,  and 
Perfon.  And  his  Majefty  intends  to  march  to  fuch 
a  Diftance  from  his  City  of  London^  as  may  take 
away  all  Pretence  of  Apprehenfion/rom  his  Army, 
that  might  hinder  them,  in  all  Security,  from  yet 
preparing  them  to  prefent  to  him  ;  and  will  there 
be  ready  either  to  receive  them,  or  end  the  Pref- 
fures  and  Miferies  which  his  Subjects,  to  his  great 
Grief,  fuffer  thro'  this  War,  by  a  prefent  Battle.'' 

When  this  was  read,  the  Earl  of  Northumberland 
informed  the  Houfe,  That  he  had  received  a  Packet 
of  Letters  taken  about  Mr.  JL'vrr^',  who  brought 
this  Reply  from  the  King  ;  and  defired  to  be  directed  A  Conference 
what  to  do  with  them.  Hereupon  the  Lords  opened  thereuF°n' 
and  perufed  the  Papers,  and  found  a  Copy  of  the 
Reply,  with  a  Declaration  of  his  Majefty,  and  a 
Warrant  fent  to  the  King's  Printer  to  print  them. 
Upon  which  a  Conference  was  refolved  on  with  the 
other  Houfe,  to  defire  them  to  join  in  appointing  a 
Committee,  to  confider  what  Anfwer  was  fit  to  be 
given  to  this  Reply  of  the  King's  ;  it  being  a  Bufi- 
nefs  of  fo  great  Confequence,  that  either  a  great  deal 
of  Mifery,  or  a  great  deal  of  Happinefs,  would  follow 
upon  the  Refolution  to  be  taken  thereupon. 

November  21.  Mr.  Shute,  at  the  Head  of  feveral 
Citizens  of  London,  appeared  this  Day  again  before 
the  Commons.     What  he  had  to  offer  {rands  thus 
upon  their  Journals^  <  That  he  came  to  fpeak  toFartherproP° 
them  from  the  moft  Active  and  the  moft  Religious S 
Part  of  the  City,  to  acquaint  the  Houfe  'they  under- 
ftood  that  an  Accommodation  was  on  Foot ;  which 
grieved  their  Hearts,  confulering  what  followed  on 
D  2  the 


52        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  l.  the  Jaft  :  gut  if  the  Accommodation  went  not  on, 
then  to  confider  how  Monies  might  be  raifed,  in 
^ucn  ^ort  as  tnat  tne  w^ole  Charge  might  not  lay 
upon  the  Good  and  Godly  Party  ;  but  that  the  Ma- 
lignant Party  might  be  forced  to  bear  their  Share, 
fully,  according  to  their  Abilities. 

'  Another  Thing  which  troubled  them,  he  faiJ, 
was  an  Imputation  caft  upon  the  Godly  Part  of  the 
City,  by  the  Malignant  Party,  25  ii"  they  defired  an 
Independent  Government  fhould  be  fet  up  in  the 
Church,  which  they  defired  might  be  wiped  off.' 

After  returning  Thanks  to  the  Citizens  for  their 
Proportions,  and  the  Affection  exprelYed  in  them, 
the  King's  laft  Meflage  was  read  ;  and  the  Queftion 
being  put,  Whether  the  Houfe  would,  forthwith, 
refolve  itfelf  into  a  Committee  to  take  it  into  Con- 
iideration  ?  It  patted  in  the  Affirmative,  only  by  75 
againft  65  ;  when,  after  fome  Debate  on  the  Mef- 
fage,  the  Queftion  being  again  put,  Whether  the 
Houfe  fliould  be  refolved  into  a  Committee  To- 
morrow Morning  to  refume  this  Debate  ?  The 
Houfe  divided,  when  the  Numbers  were  67  for  the 
Queftion  and  66  againft  it :  Two  fmall  Majorities 
to  carry  fuch  important  Queftions,  upon  which,  as 
the  Lords  had  before  obferved,  depended  the  Good 
or  the  Mifery  of  the  Kingdom. 

November  22.  This  Anfwer  took  up  a  great  deal 
of  Time  in  perfecting  ;  for  though  a  Committee  of 
both  Houfes  went  immediately  upon  it,  yet,  this 
Day,  we  find  Mr.  Murray,  the  King's  Meflengcr, 
was  difcharged  from  Attendance,  and  fent  back  ; 
becaufe,  it  is  faid,  it  was  uncertain  how  long  it  might 
be  e'er  the  Anfwer  would  be  ready ;  and  the  Speaker 
was  ordered  to  write  to  the  Lord  Falkland,  to  ac- 
quaint the  King  with  the  Reafon  for  this  Delay. 

The  fame  Day  the  Commons  being  informed, 
That  divers  Citizens  were  at  the  Door,  they  were 
called  in;  and  Mr.  Sbute,  once  more,  told  them, 
in  the  Name  of  the  reft,  That  one  Thing,  which 
exceedingly  troubled  them,  was,  the  Point  of  Ac- 
commodation 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         53 

commodation  of  Peace,  more  to  be  feared  than  their  An.  iS.  Car.  I. 

Power. If  the  Accommodation  proceed  not,  .^ft-^J 

Monies  then  to  be  raifed.  November. 

*  They  would  propound  three  Ways  : 

1.  '  Concerning  Plate  in  the  Halls  of  London. 

2.  *  Subfcriptions  in  the  feveral  Wards  under- 
written, not  yet  brought  in. 

3.  *•  Weekly  Subfcriptious  to  be  advanced. 
'  The  Means  for  faving  of  Monies. 

1.  *  To  cut  offfuperfluous  Charges  by  uonecef- 
fary  Officers  in  the  Army. 

2.  *  That  there  may  be  due  Mufters. 

3.  *  Indifferent  honcft  Men  to  be  chofen  in  every 

Ward,  to  raife  and  advance  the  Subfcriptions, 

Foreign  Merchants  to  be  brought  in,    to  give  their 
AiTiftance  to  the  Public. — Then  they  withdrew. 

And  being  again  call'd  in,  Mr.  Speaker,  by  Com- 
mand of  the  Houfe,  return'd  them  Thanks,  as  before. 

November  23.  A  Report  was  made  to  the  Lords 
of  a  Conference  held  the  Day  before  ;  which  Mr. 
Pvmtne  faid,  was  appointed  by  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons, to  acquaint  their  Lordihips  with  fome  Votes 
pafs'd  by  that  Houfe,  in  Anfwer  to  the  King's  Re- 
ply, to  which  they  defired  the  Lord's  Concurrence. 
Thefe  were  divided  into  two  Parts  : 

I.  '  That  in  the  Anfwer  to  his  Majefty's  Mef- 
fage,  the  Houfes  {hould  defire  the  King  to  return  to 
his  Parliament;  to  the  end  that  Religion,  Laws,  and 
Liberties  may  be  fecured  by  the  Advice  of  Parlia- 
ment ;  that  the  Procefs  and  Juftice  of  Parliament, 
being  the  Supreme  Court  of  Judicature,  might  have 
its  free  Courfe,  and  be  executed  on  Delinquents  ; 
and  that  they  might  not  be  protected  and  kept  from 
Juftice  by  Force.  In  particular,  that  the  Lord 
Digby  and  Mr.  Henry  Wilmot,  be,  prefently,  deli- 
vered over  to  the  Juftice  of  Parliament.  That  the 
Commons  remember  what  Misfortune  lately  befell 
the  two  Regiments,  at  Brentford^  upon  the  faft 
Treaty ;  therefore  they  now  think  fit  to  declare,  That 
both  Armies  (hall  be  left  to  take  all  Advantage  they 
can,  on  both  Sides,  in  the  mean  Time. 

D  3  2.  <  Con- 


54         <The  Par  v  HISTORY 

2.  '  Concerning  the  Challenge  ;  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  fay,  They  think  it  ftrange  that  the  King 
of  England  fhould  fend  a  Challenge  and  Invitation 
1  er*  to  a  Battle  with  his  own  Subjects  j  feeing,  hereto- 
fore, his  Majefty  feemed  to  decline  the  Effufion  of 
Blood,  and  profefled  ufmg  all  Means  to  prevent  the 
fame  :  Therefore  the  Houfe  of  Commons  refolve  to 
be  in  Readinefs  ;  but  if  his  Majefty  will  withdraw 
himfelf  from  his  Cavaliers  and  the  Army,  he  {hall 
be  received  j  if  not,  they  will  not  decline,  if  he  has, 
a  Mind,  to  give  a  Battle,  the  Time  anJ  Place  be- 
ing firft  appointed. 

'  Thefe  are  the  Heads  the  Houfe  cf  Commons 
have  refolved  on  ;  which,  if  their  Lordfhips  fhould 
concur  with,  they  defired  that  Committees  of  both 
Houfes  might  be  appointed  to  put  them  into  a  Form 
fit  to  he  fent  to  his  Majefty.' 

This  Report  being  made,  the  Lords  ordered, 
APetition  drawn  That  the  Confederation  of  this  Matter  fhould  be  put 
up  by  the  Lords  to  a  Committee  of  their  whole  Houfe  then  prefent  j 

in  Anfwer  to  the        ,  .  ,.        ,        ,       TT  ,.  ,       ,      • 

King's  laft  Re-  and  immediately  the  Houfe  was  adjourned,  during 
ply.  Pleafure,  the  Lords  going  into  the  Prince's  Lodg- 

ings to  debate  it.  And,  in  the  Afternoon  of  this 
Day,  the  Earl  of  Holland,  one  of  the  Committee 
appointed,  in  the  Morning,  to  confider  of  the  fore- 
going Votes,  delivered  in  a  Draught  of  a  Petition,  to 
be  prefentcd  to  the  King,  in  which  they  thought  fit 
to  leave  out  the  whole,  relating  to  the  Challenge, 
and  only  to  fend  the  following  : 

May  it  pleafe  your  Majefty, 

TT  is  humify  defired  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament, 
•*•  That  ycur  Majefty  wculd  be  pleafed  to  return  to 
your  Parliament  with  your  Royal,  not  your  Martial, 
Attendants  ;  to  the  end  that  Religion,  Laws,  and 
Liberties,  may  be  fettled  and  fecured  by  their  Advice  ; 
fnding,  by  a  late  and  fad  Accident,  that  your  Majefty 
is  invironed  by  fame  fuch  Counfels,  as  do  rather  per- 
Juadt  a  defyerate  Divifiin,  than  a  "Joining  and  a  good 
Agreement  with  your  Parliament  and  People  ;  and 
we  Jball  be  ready  to  give  yonr  Majejiy  AJ/urar.ces  of 

fuch 


'Of 


GLAND.         55 


fitch  Security,  as  may  be  for  your  Honour  and  the  An   18.  Car.  I. 
Safety  of  your  Royal  Pcrjw. 

Or  elfe  we  /hull,  in  convenient  Time,  conjider  of 
fit  Proportions  to  be  fent  to  your  Majefty,  fuch  as 
may  be  for  the  Prefervation  of  God's  true  Religion, 
your  Majejiy^s  Honour,  Safety,  and  Profperity,  and 
to  tlje  Peace  and  Happine/s  of  this  and  your  other 
Kingdoms. 

The  Lords,  on  the  Queftion,  agreed  to  this  Pe- 
tition, and  ordered  it  to  be  fent  down  to  be  com- 
municated to  the  Commons  at  another  Confe- 


Next  Day  a  Report  of  this  fecond  Conference  which,  after 
was  made  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  That  the  Com- feme  Alteration* 
mons  faid,  They  ftudied  nothing  more  than  theby  the  .Com- 
good  Correfpondency  between  the  two  Houfes,  and  J™1 ent  to 
they  defired  a  Continuance  of  it;  though  they  dif- 
fered fomewhat  in  Opinion,  about  the  Conference 
the  laft  Night,  on  the  laft  Petition  intended  to  be 
fent  to  his  Majefty.    That  they  agreed  to  the  firft; 
but  had  refolved,  That  the  latter  Part,  beginning 
with  the  Words,  Or  elfe,  C5V.  fhould  be  left  out. 
To  this  the  Lords  consented ;  and  alfo  to  another 
Vote  of  that  Houfe,  to  fend  to  the  Lord-General, 
the  Earl  of  EJfex,  to  defire  him  to  go  on,  notwith- 
itanding,  with  all  Advantages,  in  profecuting  the 
War.     Accordingly  the  former  Part  of  the  Petition 
was  fent  in  a  Letter  to  the  Lord  Falkland,  to  be  by 
him  nrefemed  to  the  King. 

The  fame  Day  we  meet  with,  in  the  Commons 
Journals,  a  Vote  and  Divifton  of  that  Houfe,  which 
fhews  the  great  Jealoufy  they  had  of  any  Intelli- 
gence being  carried  to  the  Kin^  :  For  the  Queftion 
being  propounded,  Whether  Mr.  Jfffyi  the  King's 
Servant,  £hou!d  have  Mr.  Speaker's  Warrant  to  go 
to  the  Kins,  to  carry  him  Stockings  and  other  Ne- 
cefiaries ;  it  pafs'd  in  the  Affirmative  by  26  againft 
18,  but  this  on  Condition  of  Mr.  Wheeler's  under- 
taking, that  Mr.  JeJJy  (hould  carry  nothing  elfe. 
The  Tellers  upon  this  Occafion  were  Sir  Edward 

Afcough 


56       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car.  \.Afcougb  and   Mr.   Trenchant,  for  the  Yeas;  Mr. 
1644.        Marten  and  Mr.  Long,  for  the  Noes. 

November.  ^  ^  ^  Q^  ^  ^^  ^^  ^  ^ 
A  Committee  before,  for  fending  to  the  Lord  Mayor  to  call  a 
fiJT'aftrthi6"  Common  Hall  J  and  this  Da7  a  Committee  of  five 
Supply  from  the L°r''s»  with  a  proportionable  Number  of  Corn- 
Citizens  of  L0»-moners,  were  appointed  to  go  thither.  At  this 
d™*  Meeting  the  Earl  of  Mancbejler  f,  one  of  the  Com- 

mittee, and  Mr.  Pymme  another,  were  the  Mouths 
of  the  reft ;  whofe  Speeches  beft  explain  the  Errand 
they  were  fent  upon  s.  And  firft  the  Earl. 

My  Lord  Mayor,  and  you  Gentlemen  of  the  City 
of  London, 

The  Earl  of  '  T  Am  commanded  to  come  hither  upon  an  Er- 
Manebefter^s  |^  rand,  that  I  know,  in  the  general,  is  never 
p^fi^^pleafing;  which  is,  to  exprefs  Wants  and  Necef- 
feflment  for  that  faies  ;  but  I  know  very  well  to  whom  I  fpeak,  it 
Purpofe.  is  to  the  Worthy,  the  Generous,  and  the  Loyal 

Citizens  of  London ;  who  have  exceeded  all  Story, 
in  their  Care  for  the  Life  and  Preiervation  both  of 
the  Parliament  and  the  whole  Kingdom  ;  therefore 
it  would  imply  a  Diftruft  of  your  prefent  Care  to 
make  a  Supply,  if  I  fhould  ufe  any  Arguments  to 
you  :  I  fhall  only  fay  this,  That  if  there  be  not  an 
Enlargement  of  yourfelves  in  fome  Meafure  at  the 
prefent,  I  fhall  be  very  unwilling  to  exprefs  the 
Condition  that  I  fear  our  Army  will  be  reduced  to: 
This  is  all  that  I  (hall  fay,  that  if  there  be  a  prefent 
Supply,  I  do  not  doubt  but  the  Army  will  move 
with  that  Effedt,  as  it  will  prevent  all  thofe  barba- 
rous and  favage  Plunderings  of  the  Forces  that  are 
now  under  the  Command  of  thofe  Officers  of  the 
King. 

*  I  confcfs  the  Burden  hath  lain  very  heavy  upon 
the  City  cf  London  only ;  but  you  fhall  have  the 
Grace  and  the  Honour  of  the  Prefervation  both 

of 

f  This  Lord  [EJward  Mcxtagat]  has  been  formerly  fpcken  of 
under  the  Title  of  Lord  Kimtekan  j  but,  about  this  Time,  fucceedcd 
to  the  Earldom  of  Mancbeflir  by  the  Death  of  his  Father. 

C  London,  printed  for  Peter  Coif,  near  the  Royal  Excbang e,  1641. 


Of     E  N  G  L  A  NT  D.        57 

pf  Religion  and  the  Laws  and  Liberties  of  this  An.  18.  Car.  \. 
Kingdom.  l64*- 

'This  Gentleman,  that  is  by  me,  will  let  you    VT"~VT"<I 
i  ,         ..        i        i      •     n          r  •  /       i  T    i         November. 

know  that  it  is  already  in  Proportion,  (and  I  do 

not  doubt  but  it  will  fpeedily  has'e  the  Concurrence 
of  the  Lords  with  it)  to  take  that  Care,  that  the 
future  Burden  fhall  not  lie  upon  thofe  here  in  the 
City  of  London^  that  have  been  careful  to  make 
Supplies,  even  to  the  exhaufting  of  themfelves;  but 
that  it  fhall  go  generally  to  ail  thofe  that  have 
fhrowded  themfelves  under  a  Kind  of  Neutrality 
here  in  London  ;  and  that  it  {hall  go  generally 
throughout  all  the  Counties  of  England;  that  fo 
the  common  Calamities  fhall  be  prevented,  or  fup- 
ported  by  the  common  Burden  laid  upon  the  whole 
Kingdom.' 

Then  Mr.  Pymme  fpoke  to  this  Effect: 

My  Lord  Mayor  and  Gentlemen^ 

come  not  to  tell  your  Lordfhip  and  And  Mr. 


thefe   worthy  Citizens  only  our  Wants  pJmrnfs  Ul.SaP* 

j  V\  r       i      i      -TM       i         /-Fort  thereof. 

and  Dangers,  but  we  come  to  fpeak  the  Thanks  of 
the  Parliament  to  you,  for  that  which  you  have 
already  done  ;  that  you  have  (hewed  fo  much  Af- 
fecYion  to  the  Public,  and  that  it  hath  produced  fo 
good  Effects  throughout  the  whole  Kingdom,  as 
that  now  you  have  an  Army  raifed,  moft  out  of 
this  City,  able  to  defend  (with  God's  Blefling)  the 
Religion  and  Liberty  of  the  Kingdom,  if  it  may 
be  upheld  :  And  we  come  not  only  to  give  you 
Thanks  for  that  which  you  have  done,  but  to  ftir 
you  up  to  join  with  us  in  giving  Thanks  to  God 
that  hath  given  fuch  a  Bleffing  to  our  Endeavours, 
that  when,  by  Letters  fent  into  all  Parts  almoft, 
they  did  prefume  before-hand  to  triumph  in  the 
Ruin  and  Plundering  of  this  City,  God  prevented 
it,  and  hath  kept  you  fafe  ;  kept  your  Houfes,  your 
Walls,  your  Suburbs,  fafe  from  that  that  was  in- 
tended againft  you  ;  and  truly  as  we  have  fought 
for  this  Blefling,  by  Fafting  and  by  Prayer,  fo  it  is 

fit 


58        tte  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An'  \l'  !rar<  Im  fit  that  we  fhould  teftify  our  Thankfgiving  for  it, 

L  — ^_  _j  and  this  is  a  necefiary  Part  of  our  Errand  which 

November.     we  are  ^ent  about:  And  that  we  may  be  ferviceable 

to  God's  Providence  ftill,  as  he  hath  ftirred  up  your 

Hearts  to  do  fo  much  already,  fo  that  he  would  flir 

you  up  ftill  to  continue  to  do  that  which  is  fit  to 

be  done  for  the  future j    and  that  you  will  do  it 

in  fuch  a  Way  as  may  be  moft  pleafmg  to  your- 

felves. 

'  We  come  not  hither,  that,  by  any  Confent 
here  in  public,  you  {hould  bind  yourfelves  in  parti- 
cular ;  but  we  come  to  let  you  know  the  Dangers 
of  the  Kingdom,  the  Senfe  the  Parliament  hath  of 
it,  and  of  the  City  efpecially,  that  you  may  not 
lofe  that  which  hath  been  already  done  ;  but  that 
you  may  go  on  ftill  chearfully  to  do  the  full  Work. 
And  we  come  to  tell  you,  that  the  Parliament  doth 
intend  the  Burden  (hall  not  lie  upon  you  that  are 
well  affe&ed  and  come  in  voluntarily  j  but  that 
they  have  thought  upon  a  Way,  and  have  begun 
it  already,  and  I  hope,  within  two  or  three  Days 
at  the  moft,  it  fhall  be  publimed  to  you,  that  all 
that  are  indifpofed  (hall  be  forced  to  do  that,  which, 
out  of  Rcadinefs  and  Chearfulnefs  to  the  Public 
Good,  they  will  not  do  of  themfelves :  Neither 
limit  we  it  to  the  City  and  Suburbs;  but  we  are  in 
a  Courfe  to  draw  in  all  the  Counties  of  the  King- 
dom, that  as  the  Burden  is  univerfal,  fo  the  Aid 
may  be  univerfal ;  for  thefe  are  the  Thoughts  of  the 
Parliament. 

'  If  it  pleafe  God  to  blefs  your  Forces  that  are 
already  raifed  and  continued,  we  hope  you  fhall 
not  only  fee  Peace  again  in  the  Kingdom,  and 
Security  for  your  Religion,  but  fee  that  the  Burden 
fhall  lie  upon  thofe  who  have  been  the  Engines  and 
A<Stors  of  the  Mifchiefs  and  Troubles  that  are  come 
upon  us,  that  they  fhall  recompence  the  Charges 
you  have  been  at  already. 

*  This  is  the  Intention  of  the  Parliament,  only 
For  the  prefent  do  fomewhat ;  every  Man,  as  God 
fhall  enable  him,  do  fomewhat  that  may  meet  the 

prefent 


Of    ENGLAND.         59 

prefent  Neceffities ; 'an J  prevent  the  Dangers  that  An.  18.  Car.  I. 

require  a  prcfent  Subfidence,  r.nd  prefent  Supply  of        »642- 

the  Army  ;  without  which  what  is  it  will  follow,  ^— — •>/—— -J 

but  the  Danger  or"  the  City,  the  Ruin  of  the  Coun-     Novera  er* 

tries  about,  the  Stopping  up  of  the  River  which  is 

almoft  taken  from  you,  and  the  Lofs  of  the  Sea 

Coafts  ?  You  cannot  have  better  Hearts  than  you 

have ;  God  hath  enabled  many  of  you  with  Purf'es ; 

I  hope  it  will  be  fo  readily  difpofed  that  we  Ihall 

have  a  full  Joy  in  the  Recompence  of  it,  and  the  , 

Retribution  ;  which  we  fhall  all  pray  God  to  bring 

to  pafs.' 

The  Rcfult  of  this  was,  That  the  Citizens  de- 
fired  a  Committee  of  both  Houfes  might  be  fent  to 
them,  with  a  Power  to  call  fome  Citizens  and 
others  to  their  Affiftance,  and  then  they  hoped  this 
Requeft  of  Parliament  would  prove  fuccefsful. 

The  Want  of  Money  to  carry  on  the  War  be- 
ing now  fo  very  urgent,  an  Ordinance  was  fent  up 
this  Day  from  the  Commons,  For  Alleging  Non- 
Contributors  upon  the  Proportions  for  lending  Mo- 
ney and  raifmg  of  Horfe  and  Arms  :  This  being 
the  firft  Inftance  of  any  AflefTment  laid  upon  the 
Subject  without  the  Royal  Afient,  is  too  remarkable 
to  be  pafs'd  over, 

'  TTT7"Hereas   the   King,    feduced   by   wicked  An  Ordinance 

*  VV     Counfel,  hath  raifed  an  Army,  and  le-Paffed according- 
«  vied  War  againft  the  Parliament,  and  great  Num-  ^IcUribu"2 

*  bers  of  Forces  are  daily  raifed  under  the  Command  tors  to  the  P*r- 
«  of  Papifts,  and  other  ill-affeaed  Perfons,  by  Com-  lament's  Army. 

*  miflion  from  his  Majefly  :    And  whereas  divers 
'  Delinquents   are  protected  from  public  Juftice  by 
4  his  Majefty's  Army  ;  and  fundry  Outrages   and 

*  Rapines  are  daily  committed  by  the  Soldiers  of  the 
c  faid  Army,  who  have  no  RefpecT:  to  the  Laws  of 
4  God   or  the   Land,  but   burn    and    plunder  the 
4  Houfes,  and  feize  and  deftroy  the  Perfons  of  divers 

*  of  his  Majefty's  good  Subjects  :  And  whereas,  for 
'  the  Maintenance  of  the  faid  Army,  divers  AfTefT- 

*  ments  are  made  upon  feveral  Counties,   and  his 

Ma- 


60       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 
An.  18.  Car.  l.«  Majefty's  Subjects  are  compelled  by  the  Soldiers 

*  to  pay  the  fame  j  which  faid  Army,  if  it  fhould 

*  continue,  would  foon  ruin  and  wafte  the  whole 
'  Kingdom,    and  overthrow  Religion,    Law,   and 

*  Liberty  :  For  fupprefling  of  which  faid  Army  and 
'  ill-affected  Perfons,  there  is  no  probable  Way, 
'  under  God,  but  by  the  Army  raifed  by  Authority 

*  of  Parliament ;  which  faid  Army  fo  raifed  cannot 

*  be  maintained  without  great  Sums  of  Money  ;  yet 

*  for  raifmg  fuch  Sums,  by  reafon  of  his  Majefty's 
'  withdrawing  himfelf  from  the  Advice  of  the  Par- 

*  liament,  there  can  be  no  Act  of  Parliament  pafled 

*  with  his  Majefty's  Aflent,  albeit  there  is   great 

*  Juftice  that  the  faid  Money  (hould  be  raifed  ;  the 
'  Lords  and  Commons  in  Parliament  have  taken  the 

*  fame  into  their  ferious  Confideration,  and  know- 

*  ing  that  the  faid  Army,  fo  raifed  by  them,   hath 
'  been  hitherto,  for  the  moft,  maintained  by  the 

*  voluntary  Contributions    of  divers    well- aftected 

*  Perfons,  who  have  freely  contributed  according  to 

*  their  Abilities  : 

'  But  confidering  there  are  divers  others  within 
4  the  Cities  of  L  en  don  and  Weftminfter,  and  the  Sub- 
'  urbs  of  the  fame,  and  alfo  within  the  Borough  of 

*  Soutbwark)  that  have  not  contributed  at  all  towards 
'  the  Maintenance  of  the   faid  Army  ;   or  if  they 

*  have,  yet  not  anfwerable  to  their  Eftates,  who, 
4  notwithftanding,  receive  Benefit  and  Protection  by 

*  the  faid  Army,  as  well  as  others  ;  and  therefore  it 

*  is  moft  juft  that  they  (houid,  as  well  as  others, 

*  be  charged   to  contribute    to   the  Maintenance 

*  thereof : 

'  Be  it  therefore  ordained  by  the  Lords  and  Com- 

*  mons  in  Parliament  aflembled,  and  by  Authority 
'  thereof,  That  Ifaac  Pennington,  Lord  Mayor  of 

*  the  City  of  London,  Sir  John  Woolafton,   Knight 
'  and  Alderman,  Alderman  Towes,  Alderman  War- 
'  ner,    Alderman    Andrews,   Alderman    Chambers, 

*  Alderman  Fowkey  Sir  Thomas  Soame,  Knight  and 

*  Alderman  j    Samuel  Vaffal,    "John  J'ent    Morris 
6  Thump/on,  and  Richard  [Paring^  Citizens,  or  any 

'  four 


Of    ENGLAND.         61 

*  four  of  them,  fhall  hereby  have  Power  and  Au-An.  iS.  Car.  I. 
'  thority  to  nominate  and  appoint,  in  every  Ward        1642. 

e  within  the  City  of  London^  fix  fuch  Perfons  as  they,  *•*  — v—  -J 

*  or  any  four  of  them,  {hall  think  fit;  which  faid  fix    NoVember- 
'  fo  nominated,  or  any  four  of  them,  fhall  hereby 

'  have  Power  to  inquire  of  any  that  fhall  remain  or 
4  be  within  the  faid  feveral  Wards,   that  have  not 

*  contributed  upon  the  Proportions  of  both  Houfes 

*  of  Parliament,  concerning  the  raifing  of  Money, 

*  Plate,  Horfe,  Horfemen,  and  Arms,  for  Defence 

*  of  the  King  and  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and 

*  alfo  of  fuch  as  are  able  Men,  that  have  contributed, 
'  yet  not  according  to  their  Eftates  and  Abilities. 

'  And  the  faid  ilx  Perfons  fo  nominated,  or  any 

*  four  of  them,  within  their  feveral  and  refpeftive 

*  Wards  and  Limits,  fhall  have  Power  to  afiefs  fuch 
6  Perfon  and  Perfons  as  are  of  Ability  and  have  not 

*  contributed,  and  alfo  fuch  as  have  contributed,  yet 
'  not  according  to  their  Ability,  to  pay  fuch  Sum 

*  or  Sums  of  Money,  according  to  their  Eftates, 
'  as  the  faid  AfTefibrs,  or  any  four  of  them,  fhall 
'  think  fit  and  reafonable,  fo  as  the  fame  exceed 
c  not  the  twentieth  Part  of  their  Eftates,  and  to 

*  nominate  and  appoint  fit  Perfons  for  the  Collec- 
'  tion  thereof. 

'  And  if  any  Perfon  fo  aflefled  fhall  refufe  to  pay 

*  the  Money  aflefled  upon  him,  it  (hall  be  lawful 
'  to  and  for  the  faid  Afleflbrs  and  Collectors,  or  any 

*  of  them,  to  levy  the  faid  Sum  fo  aflefled,  by  way 
«  of  Diftrefs  and  Sale  of  the  Goods  of  the  Perfon  fo 
6  aflefled,  and  refufing. 

«  And  if  any  Perfon  fo  diftrained  {hall  make  Re- 

*  fiftance,  it  fhall  be  lawful  to  and  for  the  refpective 
'  Afleflbrs  and  Collectors,  or  any  of  them,  to  call 

*  to  their  Afliftance  any  of  the  Train'd  Bands  of  the 
e  faid  City  of  London,  or  any  other  his  Majefty's 

*  Subjects,  who  are  hereby  required  to  be  aiding  and 
«  aflifting  to  the  faid  Afleflbrs  and  Collectors  in  the 

*  Premifes. 

'  And  it  is  hereby  further  ordained,  That  the  re- 

*  fpeftive  Burgefles  «f  Weftminjhr  and  Southward., 

6  to- 


6  2       TA?  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Cat.  I. 'together  with  the   fcverai  Committees  appointed 

1642.        <  for   the    Subscriptions    of   Money,   Plate,  Horfej 

**"• *—— -^    '  Horfemen,  and  Arms  within  the  laid  City  and 

lber>     «  Borough,  {hall  refpectively  have  Power  hereby  to 

'  nominate  Aileiibrs  for  tne  lame  City  and  Borough, 

'  in  fuch  Manner  as  the  Lord  Mayor,  oV.  hath  for 

*  the  City   of  London  ;  and  the  laid  AfleiTors,  or 

*  any  four  of  them,  to  name  Collectors  as  afore- 
'  faid  ;  which   faid    Afilflbrs   and  Collectors  fhall 
'  have  the  fame  Power  refpcctive'y,  within  their  re- 

*  fpedtive  Limits,  as  thcfe  to  be  nominated  within. 

*  the  faid  City  of  London  have  hereby  limited  to 

*  them. 

'  And  for  the  Suburbs  of  London  and  ii'efltmnflcr^ 
'  the  refpective  Kights  of  the  Shire  where  the  faid 

*  Suburbs  are,    fliall  have  hereby  the  like  Power  to 
'  name  Afleffors ;  and  they  fo  named,  or  any  four 

*  of  them,  and  the  Collectors  by  tr.em  to  be  nomi- 

*  nated,  or  any  of  them  within  their  refpecYive  Li- 

*  mits,  {hall  have  the   like  Power  refpcctively,   as 

*  the  Afleflbrs  and  Co'.Iccio.s  tor  London  have  by 
'  virtue  of  this  Ordin.'.ncj. 

'  And  be  it  ordained,    That  the  Sums  fo  aflefled 
'  and  levied  as  aforelaid,  fliall  be  paid  in  at  Guild- 

*  hall,  London,  to  the  Hands  of  Sir  'John  IVoolafton^ 
'  Knight,  John  Warner y    , 

*  Andrew^  Aldermen,  or   any  two  of  them  ;  and 
'  the  Aflelibrs  and  Collectors,  to  be  nominated  by 
'  virtue  hereof,  {hall  Weekly  report  to  the  Commit- 

*  tee  of  the  Hoi:fe  of  Commons  for  the  Proportions 

*  aforefaid,  what  Sums  of  Money  have  been  affeiled 
'  and  what  Sums  have  been  levied  V/ockly,  accord- 
'  ing  to  the  Purport  hereof;  and  the  laid  Monies  lo 

*  levied  and  paid  in,  (hall  be  iiliied  forth  in  fuch 
'  Sort,  as  the  other  Monies  railed  upon  the  Propo- 
4  fuions,  aforefaid,  and  not  otherwife.' 

Which  being  re-      *n  confequence  of  this  Ordinance  the  Parliament 
b)  leve- proceeded  to  raife  Money  by  an  Afieilrncnt :     But 
j,         meetieg  with  ibme  Difficulties  in  the  Collection 
thereof,  they  made  another  Ordinance  to  explain 

the 


Of    ENGLAND.         63 

the  Firft ;  whereby  it  was  ordained,  That  if  the 
Collectors  could  not  find  fufficient  Aflets  to  diftrain 
upon  the  Refufers,  they  had  Power  to  enquire  what 
Rents,  Tithes  or  Debts  were  owing  to  them,  and 
to  demand  the  fame  of  their  refpective  Tenants  or 
Debtors.  This  was  followed  by  a  Third  Ordi- 
nance, for  the  fpeedy  Execution  of  the  Firft.  Soon 
after  came  out  another,  impowering  the  Collectors 
to  break  open  any  Chefts,  Trunks,  Boxes,  Doors, 
or  other  Things,  whereby  to  take  a  Diftrefs  for  the 
Sums  affeffed.  But  all  thefe  not  anfwering  the  ur- 
gent Neceffities  of  the  Parliament,  yet  another  Or- 
dinance was  made  ;  whereby,  in  fuch  Cafes  where 
the  Collectors  fhould  certify  that  a  fu&cient  Diftreis 
was  to  be  had,  but  they  could  not  come  at  it  with- 
out Oppofition,  two  Colonels  and  three  Captains, 
named  in  the  faid  Ordinance,  and  fiich  Captains, 
Lieutenants,  Officers,  and  Soldiers  as  they  {hould 
appoint,  were  authorized  to  fearch.for  the  Refufers 
of  fuch  AflefTment ;  and  bring  them  before  tbe 
Committee  of  the  Houfe  of"  Commons  for  Exami- 
nations, who  had  Power  given  th.  ;  laft 
Ordinance,  to  imprifon  the  Refuiers  in  fuch  Places 
of  the  Kingdom,  and  for  fo  long  Time,  as  they 
fhould  appoint  and  order ;  and  that  the  Families  of 
all  fuch  Perfons,  fo  imprifoned,  {hould  no  longer 
remain  within  the  Cities  of  London  and  IPeJlminjier^ 
the  Suburbs,  and  the  Counties  adjacent. — But  at  the 
fame  Time  that  the  Parliament  took"  fuch  eire&uai 
Care  to  raife  this  AiTeiThient  upon  the  Subjects  at 
large,  they  made  an  Ordinance,  That  the  fevera! 
and  refpeclive  AffeiTors  fhould  not  aflefs  any  Mem- 
bers of  either  of  the  Houfes  of  Parliament,  or  the 
Afliftants  of  the  Houfe  or  Peers ;  any  thing  in  the  pre- 
ceding Ordinances,  or  any  of  them,  to  the  contrary 
notwithftanding :  I>ut  that  the  Members  of  either 
Houfe  fhall  be  afTefled  by  that  Houfe  whereof  they 
were  Members,  and  the  AfTiftants  of  the  Peers  by 
the  Houfe  of  Peers.  q  This  laft  Ordinance,  how- 
ever, 

.  1  The  above-mentioned  Ordinances  may  be  fetn  at  Leng'h  in 
Jluflatids 's  Cilk&icra  from  p.  766,  to  p,  777. 


64       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

.ever,  for  impowering  the  Members  to  tax  therri- 
felves,  was  carried  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons  by  a 
Majority  of  only  43  Voices  againft  40. 

November. 

On  Occafion  of  all  thefe  Ordinances  the  King 
publifhed  the  following  Declaration,  addrefled  to  all 
his  loving  Subjects  : 

The  King  pub.'  T  ^  would  not  be  believed  (at  leaft  great  Pains 

liflies  an  Aniwer*  JL  have  been  taken  that  it  might  not)   that  the 

to  them.  *  pretended  Ordinance  of  the  Militi:'.,  (the  firft  At- 

'  tempt  that  ever  was  to  make  a  Law  by  Ordinance 

*  without  our  Confent)  or  the  keeping  us  out  of 
'  Hull)  and  taking  our  Arms  and  Munition  from 

*  us,  could  any  way  concern  the  Intereil,  Property, 
'  or  Liberty  of  the  Subject  ;  and  it  was  confefled 
«  by  that  defperate  Declaration  itfelf  of  the  26th  of 

*  Mayt  That  if  they  were  found  guilty  of  that  Charge 

*  of  deftroving  the  Title  and  Intcre/i  of  our  Sukjeffi 
'  to  their  Lands  and  Goods,  it  were  indeed  a  very 
'  great  Crime,?    But  it  was  a  ftrange  fatal  Lethargy 

*  which    had    feized    our    good    People,   and   kept 

*  them  from  difcerning,  that  the  Nobility,   Gen- 
'  try,  and  Commonalty  of  England,  were  not  only 

*  ftripped  of  their  Pre-eminences   and    Privileges, 

*  but  of  their  Liberties  and  Eftates,  when  our  juft 
'  Rights  were  denied  us ;  and  that  no  Subject  could, 

*  from   thenceforth,    expect  to  do  weil   at  home, 

*  when  we  were  driven  from  our  Houfes  and  our 
'  Towns. 

*  It  was  not  poflible  that  a  Commifllon  could  be 

*  granted  to  the  Earl  of  E/exy  to  raife  an  Army 

*  againft  us ;  and,  for  the  Safety  of  our  Perfon  and 
'  Prelervation  of  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  to  pur- 
'  fue,  kill,  and  flay  us,  and  all  who  wifh  well  to 
'  us  ;  but  that,  in  a  ftiort  Time,  inferior  Comman- 
'  ders,  by  the  fame  Authority,  would  require  our 
1  good  Subjects,  for  the  Maintenance  of  the  Pro- 
1  perty  of  the  Subject,  to  fupply  them  with  fuch 
'  Sums  of  Money  as  they  think  fit,  upon  the  Pe- 

'  nalty 

?  This  Declintion  it  in  our  Eleventh  Volume. 


Of    ENGLAND.         65- 

1  nalty  of  being  plundered  zvitb  all  Extremity  of  War  ;  An.  iS.  Car.  I/ 
«  (as  the  Style  of  Sir  Edward  Baynton's  Warrant  runs        l64*-   _j 

*  againft  our  poor  Subjects  in  Wiltjhire)  and  by  mch    Novemt,eri 
e  Rules  of  unlimited  Arbitrary  Power,  as  are  incon- 

*  fiftent  with  the  leaft  Pretence  or  Shadow  of  that 

*  Property  it  would  feem  to  defend. 

'  If  there  could  be  yet  any  Underftanding  fo  un- 
'  fkilful  and  fupine  to  believe,  that  thefe  Difturbers 
'  of  the  Public  Peace  do  intend  any  thing  but  a 
'  general  Confufion,  they  have  brought  them  a  fad 

*  Argument  to  their  own  Doors  to  convince  them  : 
'  After  this  Ordinance  and  Declaration  it  is  not  in 
'  any  fober  Man's  Power  to  believe  himfelf  worth 
'  any  thing*   or  that  there  is  fuch  a  Thing  as  Law, 
'  Liberty,  or  Property  left  in  England,  under  the 

*  Jurifdiciion  of  thefe  Men  ;  and  the  fame  Power 
'  that  robs  them  now  of  the  twentieth  Part  of  their 

*  Eftates,  hath,  by  that,  but  made  a  Claim,  and 

*  intitled  itfelf  to  the  other  nineteen,    when  it  (hall 

*  be  thought  fit  to  haften  the  general  Ruin. 

'  Sure,  if  the  Minds  of  all  Men  be  not  ftubbornly 
e  prepared  for  Servitude,  they  will  look  on  this  Or- 

*  dinanceas  the  greateft  Prodigy  of  Arbitrary  Power 
'  and  Tyranny  that  any  Age  hath  brought  forth  irt 
'  any  Kingdom  :  Other  Grievances,  and  the  great- 

*  eft,  have  been  conceived  intolerable,  rather  by  the 
'  Logic  and  Confequence,  than  by  the  Preflure  it- 
'  felf ;  this,  at  once,  fweeps  away  all  that  the  Wif- 
'  dom  and  Juftice  of  Parliaments  have  provided  for 

*  them.     Is    their  Property  in    their   Eftates,    (fo 
'  carefully  looked  to  by  their  Anceftors,  and  fo  amp- 
'  ly  eftablifhed  by  us  againft  any  Poflibility  of  Inva- 

*  fion  from  the  Crown)  which  makes  the  mcanefi: 
'  Subject  as  much  a  Lord  of  his  own,  as  the  greateft 

*  Peer,  to  be  valued  or  confidered  f  Here  is  a  twen- 

*  tieth  Part  of  every   Man's  Eftate  (or  fo  much 
'  more  as  four  Men  will  pleafe  to  call  the  twentieth 
'  Part)  taken  away  at  once ;  and  yet  a  Power  left 

*  to  take  a  twentieth  ftill  of  that  which  remains  5 
4  and  this  to  be  levied  by  fuch  Circumftances  of  Se- 
'  verity,  as  no  Aft  of  Parliament  ever  confented  to. 

*  Is  their  Liberty,  which  diftineuifhes  Subjects  from 

VOL.  XII.  E  « Slaves, 


66        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  i«.  Car.  i.«  Slaves,  and  in  which  this  Free-born  Nation  hath 

^J     *'       '  the  Advantage  of  all  Chriftendom,   dear  to  them  r" 

November     '  They  ihall  not  only  be  imprifoned  in  fuch  Places 

'  of  this  Kingdom,  (a  Latitude  of  Judgment  no 

*  Court  can  challenge  to  itfelf  in  any  Cafes)  but 
'  for   fo   long  a  Time  as  the  Committee  of  the 
'  Houfe  of  Commons  for  Examinations  {hall  ap- 

*  point  and  order  ;  the  Houfe  of  Commons  itfelf 
'  having  never  aflumed,  or,  in  the  Icaft  Degree, 
'  pretended  to  a  Power  of  Judicature  ;  having  no 

*  more  Authority  to  adminilter  an  Oath,   (the  only 

*  Way  to  difcover  and  find  out  the  Truth  of  Fatts) 
'  than  to  cut  off  the  Heads  of  any  of  our  Subjects  j 

*  and  this  Committee,  being  fo  far  from  being  a 

*  Part  of  the  Parliament,  that  it  is  deftructive  to  the 

*  whole,  by  ufurping  to  itfelf  all  the  Power  of  King, 

*  Lords,  and  Commons. 

4  All  who  know  any  thing  of  Parliaments,  know 

*  that  a  Committee  of  either  Houfe  ought  not,  by 
<  the  Law,  to  publifh  their  own  Refults  ;  neither  are 

*  their  Conclusions  of  any  Force  without  the  Con- 

*  formation  of  the  Houfe,  which    hath   the   fame 

*  Power  of  controling  them,  as  if  the  Matter  had 

*  never  been  debated  :    But  that  any  Committee 

*  ihould  be  fo  contracted  (as  this  of  Examinations, 

*  a  Style  no  Committee  ever  bore  before  this  Parlia- 
'  mem)  as  to  exclude  the  Members  of  the  Houfe, 

*  who  are  equally  trufted  by  their  Country,   from 

*  being  prefent  at  their  Counfels,  is  fo  monftrous  to 

*  the  Privileges  of  Parliament,  that  it  is  no  more  in 

*  the  Power  of  any  Man  to  give  up  that  Freedom, 

*  than  of  himfelf  to  order,  that,   from  that  Time, 

*  the  Place  for  which  he  ferves  (hall  never  more  fend 

*  a  Knight  or  Burgefs  to  the  Parliament ;  and,  in 

*  Truth,  is  no  lefs  than  to  alter  the  whole  Frame  of 

*  Government,  to  pull  up  Parliaments  by  the  Roots, 

*  and  to  commit  the  Lives,  Liberties,  and  Kftates 

*  of  all  the  People  of  England,  to  the  Arbitrary 
«  Power  of  a  few  unqualified  Perfons  j  who  (hall 

*  difpofe  thereof  according  to  their  Difcretion,  with- 

*  out  Account  to  any  Rule  or  Authority  whatfo- 

*  ever. 

«Are 


Of   ENGLAND.          67 

*  Arc  their  Friends,  their  Wives,  and  Children  An,  iS.  Car.  I« 
c  (the  greateft  Bleffings  of  Peace,  and  Comforts  of        *642- 

'  Life)  precious  to  them  ?  Would  their  Penury  and    vrr~v~7"*1 

T         -r  iir        •  t_       i     /•    *"•     j  •   i    a      Novembtjv 

*  Impnfonment  be  lefs  grievous  by  thole  Cordials  r 

'  Theyfhall  be  divorced  from  them,  banilhed,  and 
'  ftiall  no  longer  remain  within  the  Cities  of  London 

*  and  Weftminfter)    the  Suburbs  and  the  Counties 
'  adjacent ;    and  how  far  thofe  adjacent  Counties 
'  fliall  extend  no  Man  knows. 

'  Is  there  any  thing  now  left  to  enjoy,  but  the 
c  Liberty  to  rebel,  and  deftroy  one  another  ?  Are 
'  the  outward  Bleffings  only  of  Peace,  Property,  and 
'  Liberty,  taken  and  forced  from  our  Subjects  ?  Are 

*  their  Confciences  free  and  unaflaulted  by  the  Vi- 
'  olence  of  thefe  Fire-brands  ?  Sure  the  Liberty  and 

*  Freedom  of  Confcience  cannot  fuffer  by  thefe  Men! 

*  Alas  !    all  thefe  Punifhmcnts  are  impofed  upon 
c  them,  becaufe  they  will  not  fubmit  to  Actions  con- 
'  trary  to  their  natural  Loyalty,    to  their  Oaths  of 
'  Allegiance  and  Supremacy,    and  to  their  late  vo- 
'  luntary  Proteftation,  which  obliges  them  to   the 

*  Care  of  ourPerfon  and  our  juft  Rights. 

'  How  many  Perfons  of  Honour,  Quality,  and 

*  Reputation,    of  the  feveral  Counties  of  England* 
'  are  now  imprifoned  without  any  Objections  againft 
'  them,  but  Sufpicion  of  their  Loyalty  ?  How  ma- 
c  ny  of  the  graved  and  moft  fubftantial  Citizens  of 

*  London,  by  whom  the  Government  and  Difcipline 

*  of  that  City  was  preferved,  are  difgraced,  robb'd, 

*  and  imprifoned,  without  any  Procefs  of  Law,  or 

*  Colour  of  Accufation,    but  of  Obedience  to  the 
'  Law  and  Government  of  the  Kingdom  ;    whilft 
'  Anabaptifts  and  Brownifts,  y?ith  the  Afliftance  of 

*  vitious  and  debauched  Perfons  of  defperate  For- 

*  tunes,  take  upon  them  to  break  up  and  rifle  Houfes, 
'  as  public  and  avowed  Minifters  of  a  new-invented 
'  Authority  ?  How  many  godly,  pious,  and  painful 
'  Divines,    whofe  Lives  and  Learning  hath  made 

*  them  of  reverend  Eftimaticn,    are  now  flandercd 

*  with  Inclination  to  Popery ;   difcountenanced  and 
'imprifoned,  for  difcharging  their  Ojnfciences,  in- 

*  ftructing  the  People  in  the  Chriftian  Duties  of  Re- 

E  2  ligion, 


68       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  j8.  Car.  I.'  ligion  and  Obedience;  whilft  fchifmatical,  illite- 

*  rate,  and  fcandalous  Preachers  fill  the  Pulpits  and 
«  Churches  with  Blafphemv,  Irreverence  and  Trea- 
'  fon,  and  incite  their  Auditory  to  nothing  but  Mur- 
«  der  and  Rebellion  ? 

•  We  pafs  over  the  vulgar  Charm,  by  which  they 

*  have  captivated  fuch  who  have  been  contented  to 
'  difpenfe  with  their  Confciences  for  the  Prefervation 

*  of  their  Eftates  j  and  by  which  they  perfuade  Men, 

*  chearfully,  to  part  with  this  twentieth  Part  of  their 
4  Eftates  to  the  good  Work  in  hand  ;  for  whoever 

*  will   give  what  he  hath,    may  efcape  Robbing  : 

*  They  (hall  be  repaid  upon  the  Public  Faith,  as  all 

*  other  Monies  lent  upon  the  Proportions  of  both 

*  Houfes.    It  may  be  fo ;    but  Men  muft  be  con- 
4  demned  to  a  ftrange  Unthriftinefs  who  will  lend 

*  upon  fuch  Security.     The  Public  Faith  indeed  i« 

*  as  great  an  Earneit  as  the  State  can  give,  and  en- 

*  gages  the  Honour,    Reputation,   and  Honefty  of 

*  the  Nation,    and  is  the  Act  of  the  Kingdom  ;    it 

*  is  the  Security  of  the  King,  the  Lords,  and  Com- 

*  jnons,    which  can  never  need  an  Executor,    can 

*  never  die,  never  be  bankrupt ;    and  therefore  we 

*  willingly  confented  to  it  for  the  Indemnity  of  our 

*  good  Subjects  of  Scotland  (who,  we  hope,  will  not 

*  think  the  worfe  of  it,  for  being  fo  often  and  focheap- 

*  ly  mentioned  fmce) ;  but  that  a  Vote  of  one  or  both 

*  Houfes  Ihould  be  an  Engagement  upon  the  Public 

*  Faith,  is  as  impofiible 'as  that  the  Committee  of  the 
4  Houfe  of  Commons  for  Examinations  (hould  be 

*  the  High  Court  of  Parliament. 

*  And  what  is  or  can  be  faid,  with  the  leaft  Sha- 
c  dow  of  Reafon,    to  juftify  thefe  Extravagances  ? 
4  We  have  not  lately  heard  of  the  old  Fundamental 

*  Laws  which  ufed  to  warrant  the  Innovations ;  this 
4  needs  a  Refuge  even  below  thofe  Foundations. 

*  They  will  fay,    They  cannot  manage  their  great 
Undertakings  without  fuch  extraordinary  Ways. 

4  We  think  fo  too ;  but  that  proves  only  they  have 
'  undertaken  fomewhat  they  ought  not  to  undertake  ; 
4  not  that  it  is  lawful  for  them  to  do  any  thing  that 
«  is  convenient  for  thofe  Ends. 

4  We 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         69 

{  We  remembered  them  long  ago,    and  we  can- An.  iS.  Car.  I. 

*  not  do  it  too  often,  of  that  excellent  Speech  of 
4  Mr.  Pymme :  The  Law  is  that  which  puts  a  Dif- 
« ference  betwixt  Good  find  Evil,  betwixt  Juft  and 

*  Utijuft  ;  if  you  take  away  the  Law,  all  Things  will 
'  fall  into  Confufion,  every  Man  will  become  a  Law 
'  unto  himfelf ;   which,  in  the  depraved  Condition  of 
4  human    Nature,    muft   needs  produce   many  great 
6  Enormities ;   Luft  will  become  a  Law,  and  Envy 

*  will  become  a  Law  ;  Covetoufnefs  and  Ambition  wilt' 

*  become  Laws ;  and  what  Deflates,  what  Decijions^ 
«  fuch  Laius  will  produce,  ?nr.y  eafily  be  difcerned.    It 

*  may  indeed,  by  the  fad  Inftances  over  the  whole 

<  Kingdom  :  But  will  Pofterity  believe,  that,  in  the 
«  fame  Parliament,  this  Doctrine  was  avowed  with 

<  that  Acclamation,  and  thefe  Inftances  after  pro- 

*  duced  ?  That,  in  the  fame  Parliament,  fuch  Care 

<  was  taken,  that  no  Man  {hould  be  committed,  in 
4  what  Cafe  foever,  without  the  Caufe  of  his  Impri- 

*  fonment  exprefled,  and  that  all  Men  {hould  be 
«  immediately  bailed,  in  all  Cafes  bailable :  And, 
4  during  the  fame  Parliament,  that  Alderman  Pen- 
'  nington,  or  indeed  any  Body  elfe  but  the  fwom 
6  Minifters  of  Juftice,  {hould  imprifon  whom  they 
i  would,  and  for  what  they  would,  and  for  as  long 

<  a  Time  as  they  would  ?  That  the  King  {hould 

<  be  reproached  with  Breach  of  Privilege  for  accufing 
«  Sir  John  Hotham  of  High  Treafon,  when,  with 

*  Force  of  Arms,  he  kept  him  out  of  Hull,  and" 
'  defpifed  him  to  his  Face  ;  becaufe,  in  no  Cafe,  a 

• '  Member  of  cither  Houfe  might  be  committed  or 

*  accufed,  without  Leave  of  that  Houfe  of  which 

*  he  is  a  Member  :    And  yet  that,  during  the  fame 
'  Parliament,  the  fame  Alderman   {hould  commit 

*  the  Earl  of  Middle/ex,   a  Peer  of  the  Realm,  and 
'  the  Lord  Buckburjl,  a  Member  of  the  Houfe  of 
4  Commons,  to  the  Counter  without  Reprehenfion  ?" 
'  That  to  be  a  Traitor  (which  is  defined,  and  every 
c  Man  underftands)  {hould  be  no  Crime  ;  and  to 

*  be  called  a  Malignant,  (which  Nobody  knows  the 

*  Meaning  of)  {hould  be  Ground  enough  for  clofe 

*  Imprifonment  I   That  a  Law  {hould  be  ma-de, 

E  3  «  Thax 


70       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car.  L*  That  whofoever  {hould  prefume  to  take  Tunnage 

1644.        *  an(j   Poundage,  without  an  A61  of  Parliament, 

V"""V*""""'J    '  fhould  incur  the  Penalty  of  a  Premunire  ;  and,  in 

November.     ,  ^  fanie  Parliament,  that  the  fame  Impofition 

*  Ihould  be  laid  upon  our  Subjects,  and  taken  by  an 
'  Order  of  both  Houfes,  without  and  againft  our 

*  Confent !  Laftly,  That,  in  the  fame  Parliament, 
'  a  Law  (hould  be  made  to  declare  the  Proceedings 
'  and  Judgment  upon  Ship-Money  to  be  illegal  and 
'  void ;  and,  during  the  Parliament,  that  an  Or- 
'  der  of  both  Houfes  (hall,  upon  Pretence  of  Ne- 

*  ceffity,  enable  four  Men  to  take  away  the  twen- 

*  tieth  Part  of  their  Eftates  from  all  their  Neigh- 
«  bours,  according  to  their  Difcretion. 

'  But  our  good  Subjects  will  no  longer  look  upon 

*  thefe  and  the  like  Kefults,  as  upon  the  Counfels 
'  and  Conclufions  of  both   our  Houfes  of  Parlia- 

*  ment,  tho'  all  the  World  knpws  even  that  Autho- 
'  rity  can  never  juftify  Things  unwarrantable   by 

*  Law ;  they  well  know  how  few  of  the  Perfons 
'  trufted  by  them  are  prefent  at  their  Confultations  ; 

*  of  above  500,  not  80  ;  and  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers, 
'  not  above  a  fifth  Part ;  that  they  who  are  prefent, 

*  enjoy  not  the  Privilege  and  Freedom   of  Parlia- 

*  ment;  but  are  befieged  by  an  Army,  and  awed 

*  by  the  fame  Tumults,   which  drove  us  and  their 

*  Fellow- Members  from  thence,  to  confent  to  what 

*  fome  few  feditious,  fchifmatical  Perfons  amongfl 
8  them  do  propofe. 

'  Thefe  are  the  Men  who,  joining  with  the  Ana- 

*  baptifts  and  Brownifts  of  London^  firft  changed  the 

*  Government  and  Difcipline  of  that  City  j    and 

*  now,  by  the  Pride  and  Power  of  that  City,  would 

*  undo  the  Kingdom,  whilft  their  Lord  Mayor,  (a 

*  Perfon  accufed  and  known  to  be  guilty  of  High 

*  Treafon)  by  a  new  Legiflative  Power  of  his  own, 

*  fupprefles  and  reviles  the  Book  of  Common  Prayer, 
'  robs  and  imprifons  whom  he  thinks  fit,  and,  with 

*  the  Rabble  of  his  Fadtion,  gives  Laws  to   both 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament ;  and  tells  them  they  will 

*  have  no  Accommodation  :   Whilft  the  Members, 

*  (em  and  intrufted  by  their  Counties,  are  expelled 

« the 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         71 

e  the  Houfe,  or  committed,  for  refufing  to  take  the  An.  18.  Car.  T. 

*  Oath  of  Aflbciation  to  live  and  die  with  the  EarJ        *642- 

*  of  Ejfcx,  as  very  lately  Sir  Sidney  Montague.  p  * — "v~— ^ 

«  Thefe  are  the  Men  who  have  prefumed  to  fend    l 

*  Ambaftadors,  and  to  enter  into  Treaties  with  fo- 
'  reign  States,  in  their  own  Behalfs  ;  having,  at  this 
'  Time  an  Agent  of  their  own  with  the  States  of 
'  Holland,  to  negotiate  for  them  upon  private  In- 
'  ftructions. 

'  Thefe  are  the  Men  who,  not  thinking  they  have 
c  yet  brought  Mifchief  enough  upon  this  Kingdom, 
c  at  this  Time  invite  and  follicit  our  Subjects  of  Scot - 

*  land  to  enter  this  Land  with  an  Army  againft  us. 
<  In  a  Word,  thefe  are  the  Men,  who  have  made  this 
'  laft  devouring  Ordinance  to  take  away  all  Law, 

*  Liberty,  and  Property  from  our  People;  and  have, 
'  by  it,    really  acted  that  upon  our  People,    which, 

*  with  infinite  Malice,  and  no  Colour  or  Ground, 

*  was  laboured  to  be  infufed  into  them,  to  have 
'  been  our  Intention  by  the  Commiflion  of  Array. 

'We 

P  Tho*,  for  the  fake  of  Connexion,  we  have  given  this  Declara- 
tion under  the  Month  of  November y  it  was  not  publiflied  till  Decem- 
ber ;  which  gave  the  King  Occafton  to  take  Notice  of  a  Tranfa&ion 
that  /lands  thus  in  the  Commons  Journals  : 

December  3,   1642. 

The  Queftion  for  adhering  to  the  Earl  of  EJ/ex  in  this  Caufe,  for 
the  Maintenance  and  Prefervation  of  the  true  Proteftant  Religion,  the 
King's  Perfon,  the  Laws  of  the  Land,  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  the 
Liberty  and  Property  of  the  Subject,  and  the  Rights  and  Privileges  of 
Parliament,  was  this  Day  read  to  Sir  Sidney  Montague,  [Member  for 
Huntingdonshire]  and  his  Vote  being  demanded,  be  gave  his  Negative 
Voice  unto  it. 

Hereupon  the  Commons  refolved,  [but  by  a  Majority  of  only  48 
Voices  againft  45]  iff,  '  That%  he  be  difabled  from  continuing  any 
longer  a  Member  of  that  Houfe,  during  this  Parliament,  idly,  '  Thuc 
his  Perfon  be  forthwith  fecuted.  And,  -$dly,  «  That  he  be  forthwith 
committed  Prifoner  to  the  To-war. — Sir  Sidney  Montague  was  then  cal- 
led to  the  Bar,  and,  kneeling  there,  Mr.  Speaker  pronounced  Sentenc« 
againft  him  accordingly  j  For  not  yielding  his  Confent  to  aflift  the  Earl 
of  EJ/ex  in  the  Maintenance  of  Religion,  the  King's  Perfon,  the  Li- 
berty of  the  Subject,,  the  Rights  and  Privileges  of  Parliament ;  and 
giving  for  his  Reafon,  That  the  King  had  declared  fuch  to  be  Trai- 
tors, as  fhould  adhere  to  the  faid  Earl  in  this  Caufe,  and  pulling  fuch 
a  Declaration  out  of  his  Pocket  i  thereby  feeming  to  lay  an  Imputa- 
tion upon  all  the  Members,  and  others,  that  had  declared  to  affift  tha- 
faid  Earl  in  this  Caufe :  The  Houfe  thinking  it  a  Crime,  that  any 
Member  mould  be  guided  by  Declarations  from  abroad.,  and  not  by  his 
ijwn  Judgtnsnt,  in  giving  hi*  Vote, 


72       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  *S.  Car.  I.     *  We  have  now  done.  What  Power  and  Author! - 

*  ty  thefe  Men  have,  or  would  have,  we  know  not  : 
«  For  ourfelf,  we  challenge  none  fuch  ;  we  look 

*  upon  the  Prellures  and  Inconveniences  our  good 
«  Subje&s  bear,  even  by  us  and  our  Army,  (which 
«  the  Army  firft  raifed  by  them  enforced  us  to  levy 
'  in  our  Defence,  and  their  Refufal  of  all  Offers  and 

*  Defires  of  Treaty  enforceth  us  to  keep)  with  very 
«  much  Sadnefs  of  Heart :    We  are  fo  far  from  rc- 
«  quiring  a  twentieth  Part  of  their  Eftates,  (though 

*  for  their  own  vifible  Prefervation)    that,  as  we 
'  have  already  fold  or  pawned  our  own  Jewels,  and 
'  coined  our  own  Plate,  fo  we  are  willing  to  fell  all 
«  our  own  Land  and  Houfes  for  their  Relief ;  yet 

*  we  do  not  doubt  but  our  good  Subjects  will  feii- 

*  oufly  confider  our  Condition,   and  their  own  Du- 
«  ties,  and  think  our  Readinefs  to  protect  them  with 

*  the  utmoft  Hazard  of  our  Life,  deferves  their  Rea- 
«  dinefs  to  aflift  us  with  fome  Part  ef  their  Fortunes  ; 

*  and  whilft  other  Men  give  a  twentieth  Part  of 
«  their  Eftates,  to  enable  them  to  forfeit  the  other 
'  nineteen,  that  they  will  extend  themfelves  to  us  in 
«  a  liberal  and  free  Proportion  for  the  Prefervation  of 

*  the  reft  ;   and  for  the  Maintenance  of  God's  true 
'  Religion,  the  Laws  of  the  Land,  the  Liberty  of 
4  the  Subject,  and  the  Safety  and  very  Being  of  Par- 

*  liaments  and  of  this  Kingdom';  for  if  all  thefe  ever, 
«  were,  or  can  be,  in  manifeft  Danger,  it  is  now 
«  in  this  prefent  Rebellion  againft  us. 

*  Laftly,  We  will  and  require  all  our  loving  Sub- 
e  je&s,  of  what  Degree  or  Quality  foever,  as  they  will 

*  anfwer  it  to  God,  to  Us,  and  to  Pofterity,  by  their 
'  Oaths  of  Allegiance  and  Supremacy ;  as  they  would 

*  not  be  looked  upon  now,  and  remembered  hereaf- 
c  ter,  as  Betrayers  of  the  Laws  and  Liberty  they  were 

*  born  to  ;  that  they,   in  no  Degree,  fubmit  to  this 
'  wild  pretended  Ordinance;  and  that  they.prefume 
<  not  to  give  any  Encouragement,  or  Afliftance,  to 

*  the  Army  now  in  Rebellion  againft  us.    Which  if, 
«  notwithstanding,  they  (hall  do,   they  muft  expect 
4  from  us  the  fevereft  Punifhment  the  Law  can  in- 
«  flidl,  and  a  perpetual  Infamy  with  all  cood  Men.' 

A 


Of     ENGLAND.        73 

A  Letter  from  the  Hague,  directed  to  Secretary  An.  is  Car.  I, 
Nicholas,  fuppofed  to  corne  from  Col.  Goring,  ha- 
ving  been  taken  from  the  Gentleman  who  brought 
it,  and  carried  to  the  Parliament  :  It  was  this  Day, 
November  26,  read  in  both  floufes,  and  by  them 
ordered  to  be  printed  ;  and  alfo  to  be  read  in  all  the 
Churches  of  Londan,  and  the  Suburbs  thereof. 

Hague,  Nov.  22,   1642. 

TT  is  now  long  face  I  bad  the  Opportunity  of  wri-  An  intercepts 
-      ting  to  you  ;  but,  fence  my  fir/1,  have  not  heard  Letter  from  Col, 
any  thing  from  you  at  all.     The  Occafegn  of  cur  lonfCar"%* 
Stay  here  was,  firft,  the  Expectation    of  our  Irifh 
Ships;  next)  the  Raifing  of  Alaney,  which  the  Pro- 
pojition  0/~Newca{He -drew  ai  fajl  as  it  could  advance. 

The  Failing  of  the  Ships,  had  It  not  been  fuppiied 
by  the  Reputation  of  the  King's  Succefs  at  Land,  had 
given  us  a  dangerous  Blow  here  ;  but  that  hath  Jo 
fupported  our  Credit,  that  the  Prince  of  Orange  hath 
jincc  played  his  Part,  and  advanced  all  thoje  Sums 
we  were  to  expctt  ;  of  which  20,000  1.  is  fent  to- 
wards you,  20,000 1.  to  Newcaftle,  and  20,000 1. 
at  leajl,  we  bring  with  us  ;  befules  the  great  Bufinefs, 
which  ^i>e  expeft  this  Day  a  final  End  of,  which  will 
advance  6o,coo  1.  mere,  in  which  we  are  ascertained 
cf  the  Prince  of  Orange  \r  utwoft  Power;  fuck,  ne- 
verthelffs,  we  apprehend  the  Importance  of  the  £hteeri*s 
fceing  in  England,  that  ^ve  had  gone  this  laji  IVeek^ 
and  expected  the  Coming  of  that  after,  had  not  an  un- 
feafinable  Compliment  from  your  Side  Jiopped  us,  till 
this  Exprefs  fent  to  you. 

The  Fleet  is  now  ready,  and  this  Week  we  certainly 
go,  if  thoje  Counfels,  or  Chances,  that  tend  to  dila- 
tory Resolutions,  move  not  more  effectually  than  the 
certain  Advantages  of  our  Expedition  and  D  if  patch 
from  hence  ;  all  our  Affairs  being  now  done,  and  no- 
thing more  to  be  expected. 

That  you  may  know  upon  what  Grounds  we  go^ 
and  tubat  Security  we  expecJ  there,  and  what  Advan- 
tage you  in  the  South  are  to  derive  from  it,  you  mujl 
inow  we  have  fent  over  IO,000  Foot  Arms  befedes 
the  Garrifon^  near  2000  Horfe  Arms,  and  20  Pieces: 

°f 


74       Tbt  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car,  I.  of  Cannon.  IFe  bring  over  Waggons,  and  all  Accom- 

,  l^T .  modation,  to  march  fo  foon  as  we  arrive  ;  we  carry 

very  confederate  Officers  from  hence,  and,  by  the  Ad- 
vice we  receive  from  that  Side,  8000  Men  are  on  foot 
already,  and  fix  Troops  of  Horje  ;  the  rc/l  will  not 
be  long  in  raijing  after  we  come  there.  General  King 
is  de/igned  for  Lieutenant -General,  and  hath  been 
with  the  Queen,  and  will  be  fuddenly  there. 

From  Denmark  are  likewife  fent  Arms  for  io>CCO 
Foot,  and  1500  Horfe,  with  a  Train  of  Artillery  and 
every  Thing  proportionable,  to  the  very  jbrums  ar:d 
Halberds.  Two  good  Men  of  War  come  their  Con- 
voy, and  in  them  an  Ambaflador  to  his  Majefty,  a 
Perfon  of  great  Duality  in  Denmark  :  /  hope  it  will 
be  a  general  Care  there  to  fee  him  nobly  treated  ;  far 
the  Entertainment  and  Ne%le£i  of  the  la  ft  was  much 
complained  of,  and  is  fo  much  re  fent  ed  by  that  KD?£, 
that  it  bad  like  to  have  frujlated  all  our  Expefiati&ns 
in  that  Court,  had  not  Cochran  very  handfomely  evaded 
it :  He  comes  along  with  the  AmbaJ/ador ;  with  whom. 
if  you  encounter,  he  will  communicate  fame  Propofe- 
iions  of  great  Importance  ;  which,  in  hew  much  the 
fewer  Hands  they  are  carried,  will  be  Jo  much  the 
better  liked  by  them  you  are  to  deal  with  ;  if  any  Em- 
ployment in  this  Affair  may  fall  upon  your  Servant 
that  writes  to  you,  I  know  you  will  not  be  unmindful 
cf  him. 

We  have  great  Apprehenfjons  here,  by  fomething  in- 
timated from  my  Lord  of  Holland,  cf  a  Treaty  fur- 
ther entered  into  than  we  have  Advertisement  of,  or- 
can  well  approve  ;  we  have  confidently  believed  your 
approaching  London  (if  you  had  not  made  too  long 
Stay  upon  the  Way)  would  have  determined  that  Mat- 
ter j  and  what  the  Difficulties  are  now  of  that,  zut 
cannot  yet  under /land,  for  if  Intelligence  from  henct 
came  as  freely  to  you  as  to  us,  the  King's  Party  there 
are  very  con fider  able,  and  full  of  that  Expectation  ; 
and  a  Day  tr  twos  Lofs  of  Time,  by  the  late  Example 
cfHutt,  may  be  judged  what  contrary  Conferences  it 
may  produce. 

IVe  hear  my  LcrdofEffex  approaches  London,  but 
bttieve  he  will  be  fo  waited  on  by  the  King's  Horfe,  as 

not 


i 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        75 

not  to  let  him  join  with  their  Forces  there;  being  now  An.  if.  Cs»r.  I.. 
Jo  lame  an  Army,  without  Horje  or  Cannon,  as  the 
Relations  you  fend  hither  make  him  to  be.  We  fog. 
lleve  the  King  3  Horfe  now  likeivife  jo  great  a  Body, 
that  it  will  be  as  troublesome  as  unnecejjary  for  them 
to  fubfift  together ;  and  think  fo  many  Troops  might 
bt  well  /pared  as  might  be  fent  into  Kent,  to  counte- 
nance a  Party  to  be  Jet  on  Foot  there ;  which,  accord- 
ing to  our  Intelligence  here,  would  undoubtedly  be  found 
wry  affectionate  and.  confederable ;  fa  that  ly  /paring 
oo  Horfe,  you  might  pojjibly  add  to  your  Army  5000 
"oot,  to  be  employed  upon,  the  River  on  that  Side  thg 
Town. 

If  the  unhappy  Interception  had  not  come  of  the  lajl 
Week's  Letters,  we  had  undoubtedly  been  With  you,  on 
the  ether  Side,  in  Norfolk  and  £flex,  within  three 
Weeks ;  and,  in  that  Condition,  having  all  the  King- 
dom behind  us  on  every  Side,  it  will  not  be  bard  t& 
judge  whether  would  have  been  better  able  to  fubfi/l, 
they  within  the  Town,  or  the  King's  Army  without  \ 
admit  my  Lord  of  KiTex  were  gotten  in,  or  that  the-. 
Town  had  not  yielded  it/elf  fo  foon  as  you  had  ap- 
proached, you  may  yet  certainly  pre/ume  on  this,  that, 
by  our  being  once  on  Foot,  we  fiall  be  able  to  collet  for 
you  all  the  400,000  1.  Sub/idles,  universally  through- 
out the  Kingdom ;  which  will  make  the  King's  Army 
fubfiji,  and  wear  out  theirs,  befidei  the  Money  which 
we  bring. 

What  we  expefl  from  Denmark  and  France,  ar» 
ell  Encouragements  to  make  us  expett  no  Treaties  t/> 
l>e  admitted,  but  upon  Terms  of  great  Advantage  and 
Honour  to  his  Majejly  -y  thefe  you  are  bejl  able  to  judgs 
of  upon  the  Place. 

If  the  King  have  U/e  of  them,  I  am  confident  you 
may  expeft  from  France  (fo  foon  as  you  Jet  Foot  in 
Kent,  and  /hall  intimate  your  De/ire  of  the  fame)  the 
three  Regiments  of  his  Majejly  s  own  Subjefts  there, 
employed  under  Colonel  Hill,  Colonel  Fitz-Williams, 
and  Colonel  Sealing.  Your  Letters  directed  to  New- 
caftle  will  direft  our  Addrejjes  to  France,  for  I  hopt 
we  Jball  yet  be  tbert  before  you  can  return  any  in  An- 
fwer  to  this* 
J  We 


76       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

.     We   find,  both  in   Rujhwortb's  and  HttflanaYn 
Collections,  the  following  Account  of  the  Manner 
how  this  Letter  was  intercepted  and  taken  : 
November.         <  Qn  gaturtjay  Morning  the  Gentleman   that 
The  Manner  of  brought  this  Letter  from  Holland,  came  up  to  Lon- 
i»  being  inter-  ^on   Jn   a  Gravefend  Boat,    intending   to  land  at 
septed,  Brentford,  and  therefore,  for  the  more  Expedition, 

ihot  the  Bridge ;  which  being  perceived  by  one  of 
the  Pinnaces  that  Jay  on  this  Side  for  the  Guard  of 
the  City  and  Parliament,  and  being  known  to  be  a 
Gravefend  Boat,  which  always  land  on  the  other 
Side  at  Biltingfgate,  they  called  to  them  to  know 
their  Bufmefs  ;  but  they,  not  regarding  their  Sum- 
mons, ftill  ported  away ;  whereupon  the  Men  in 
the  Ship  made  after  them  and  hauled  them  in,  ex- 
amined the  Gentleman,  and,  having  fome  Sufpi- 
cion,  fearched  him  and  found  this,  with  fome  other 
Letters  about  him  ;  whereupon  they  prefently  car- 
ried him  up  to  the  Parliament ;  where,  after  Exa- 
mination, his  Letters  were  taken  from  him,  and  he 
committed  to  fafe  Cuftody. 

Nov.  28.  The  King's  Anfwer  to  the  Parliament's 
laft  Petition  to  him,"inclofed  in  a  Letter  to  the 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  was  read  in  that 
Houfe,  as  follows ; 

The  King's  An- c  All  7^  expc&ed  fuch  Propofitions  from  you,  as 
fwer  to  the  PC- «  \\  might  fpeedily  remove  and  prevent  the 
'  Mifery  and  Deflation  of  this  Kingdom;  and  that, 

*  for  the  effecTmg  thereof,  (we  now  redding  at  a  con- 
'  venient  Place,  not  far  from  our  City  of  London} 

*  Committees  from  both  our  Houfes  of  Parliament 
'  fhould  attend  us;  for  you  pretended,  by  your  Mef- 

*  fage  to  us  at  Colcbrooke,  that  thofe  were  your  De- 
«  fires :  Inftead  thereof  (and  thereby  let  all  the  World 
'  judge  of  the  Defign  of  that  Overture)  we  have  only 
'  received  your  humble  Petition,  That  ive  would  be 
'  ^leafed  to  return  to  our  Parliament  with  our  Royal, 
'  not  cur  Martial,  Attendants. 

*  All  our  good  Subjects  that  remember  what  we 
'  have  fo  often  told  you  and  thejn  upon  this  Sub- 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         77 

*  jeer,  and  what  hath  fmce  parted,  muft,  with  In- An.  18.  Car.  I. 
c  dignation,    look  upon  this  Mefiage,    as  intended 

'  by  the  Contrivers  thereof  for  a  Scorn  to  us  ;  and 
4  thereby  defigned  by  that  Malignant  Party  (of 
4  whom  we  have  fo  often  complained,  whofe  Safety 
'  and  Ambition  is  built  upon  the  Divifions  and  Ruins 

*  of  this  Kingdom,    and  who  have  too  great  an  In- 
'  fluence  upon  your  Actions)  for  a  Wall  of  Separa- 

*  tion  betwixt  us  and  our  People. 

'  We  have  told  you  the  Reafon  why  we  parted 
6  from  London ;  how  we  were  chafed  thence,  and 

*  by  whom  :    We  have  often  complained  that  the 
4  greateft  Part  of  our  Peers,  and  of  the  Members  of 

*  our  Houfe  of  Commons,  could  not,  with  Safety 

*  to  their  Honours  and  Perfons,  continue  and  vote 
e  freely  among  you ;   but,  by  Violence  a,nd  cunning 
'  Practices,  were  debarred  of  thofe  Privileges  which 
'  their  Birth-rights,  and  the  Truft  repofed  in  them 

*  by  their  Counties,  gave  them  ;  the  Truth  whereof 
4  may  fufficiently  appear  by  the  fmall  Number  of 

*  thofe  that  are  with  you. 

4  We  have  offered  to  meet  both  our  Houfes  in 
4  any  Place  free  and  convenient  for  us  and  them, 
4  but  we  could  never  receive  the  leaft  Satisfaction  in 

*  any  ofthefe  Particulars,  nor  for  thofe  fcandalous 

*  and  feditious  Pamphlets  and  Sermons  which  fwarm 

*  amongft  you.  That's  all  one  you  tell  us :  It  is  now 

*  for  our  Honour,  and  for  the  Safety  of  our  Royal 

*  Perfon,  to  return  to  our  Parliament.     But  herein 

*  your  formerly  Denying  us  a  Negative  Voice  gives 
4  us  Caufe  to  believe,  that,    by  giving  yourfelves 

*  that  Name  without  us,  you  intend  not  to  acknow- 
4  ledge  us  to  be  Part  of  it. 

4  The  whole  Kingdom  knows  that  an  Army  was 

*  raifed  under  Pretence  of  Orders  of  both  Houfes, 
4  an  Ufurpation  never  heard  of  before  in  any  Age  ; 
'  which  Army  hath  purfued  us  in  our  own  King- 
4  dom,  gave  us  Battle  at  Keyntcn,  and  endeavoured 

*  to  take  away  the  Life  of  us  and  our  Children  ;  and 

*  yet  (thefe  Rebels  being  newly  recruited,  and  pof- 

*  fefled  of  our  City  of  London)  we  are  courteoufly  in- 
«  vited  to  return  to  our  Parliament  there ;   that  is, 

4  into 


78       77;e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car.  I. «  into  the  Power  of  their  Army.     Doth  this  fignify 

l642'        «  any  other  Thing,  than  that,  fince  the  traiterous 

^r^^"^    '  Endeavours  of  thofe  defperateMen  could  not  fnatch 

'  the  Crown  from  our  Head,  (it  being  defended  by 

*  the  Providence  of  God,  and  the  Affections  and  Loy- 
'  alty  of  our  good  Subjects)  we  fhould  now  tamely 

*  come  up  and  give  it  them  ;  and  put  ourfelves,  our 

*  Life,  and  the  Xivcs,  Liberties,  and  Fortunes  of  all 
'  our  good  Subjects  into  their  merciful  Hands  ? 

'  Weil,  we  think  not  fit  to  give  any  other  Anfwer, 

*  to  this  Part  of  your  Petition  :  But  as  we  impute  not 

*  this  Affront  to  both  our  Houfes  of  Parliament,  nor 
'  to  the  Major  Part  of  thofe  that  are  now  prefeut 
'  there,  but  to  that  dangerous  Party  we  and  the  whole 

*  Kingdom  mult  cry  out  upon  ;  fo  we  mall,  for  our 
'  good  Subjects  Sake,    and  out  of  our  moft  tender 
'  Senfe  of  their  Miferies  and  the  general  Calamities 
'  of  this  Kingdom,  which  mult,  if  this  War  con- 
'  tinue,  fpeedily  overwhelm  this  whole  Nation,  take 

*  no  Advantage  of  it.     But,  if  you  (hall  really  pur- 
'  fue  what  you  prefented  to  us  at  Colebrocke^    we 

*  (hall  make  good  all  we  then  gave  you  in  Anfwer  to 

*  it,  whereby  the  Hearts  of  our  diftrelTed  Subjects 

*  may  be  raifed  with  the  Hopes  of  Peace ;  without 
'  which  Religion,  the  Laws,  and  your  Liberties, 

*  can  no  way  be  fettled  and  fecured. 

*  Touching  the  late  and  fad  Accident  you  men- 
'  tion,  if  you  thereby  intend  that  of  Brentfsrd,  we 
'  defire  you,  once,  to  deal  ingenuoufly  with  the 

*  People ;  and  to  let  them  fee  our  laft  Mefiage  to 

*  you,  and  our  Declaration  to  them,  concerning  the 

*  fame  ;  (both  which  we  fent  to  our  Prefs  at  Lon- 

*  don^  but  were  taken  away  from  our  MefTenger,  and 

*  not  fuftered  to  be  publifhed)  and  then  we  doubt 

*  not  but  they  will  be  foon  undeceived,  and  eafily 

*  find  out  thofe  Counfels,  which  do  rather  perfuadc 
4  a  defperate  Divifion  than  a  good  Agreement  be- 
'  twixt  us,  our  two  Houfes,  and  People.' 

The  Lords  ordered,  That  this  MefTage  (hould  be 
communicated  to  the  Commons  forthwith  j  and  it 
was  fent  d«wn  to  them  accordingly. 

Nov. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        79 

Nov.  29.   The  Meffengers  were  difmifled  that  An.  iS.  Car.  I. 
brought  the  laft  MefTage  from  the  King;  and  a  Let-         1641. 
ter  was   wrote  to  the  Lord  Falkland,  intimating,  *—  •"%*••  J 
That  the  Houfes  would  fend  an  Anfwer  to  it  by  an        'vember« 
Exprefs  of  their  own. 

The  fame  Day  an  Ordinance  of  Parliament  was  An  Ordinance 
made,  For  the  fpeedy  fetting  forth  certain  Ships,  infor  fitting  out 
all  Points  furnimed  for  War,  to  prevent  the  bring- SS'f  to.cut,off 

e   i  j  •  iv  it  r\  j  j        ,  °   all  Supplies  fro» 

ing  over  Soldiers,   Money,  Ordnance,  and  other  the  King. 

Ammunition  from  beyond  the  Sea,  to  aflift  the 
King  againft  the  Parliament  of  England.  By  this 
Ordinance  it  was  declared,  That  all  Adventurers 
in  this  Enterprize  fhould  have  and  enjoy  all  Ships, 
Goods,  Money,  Plate,  Arms,  Ammunition,  Vic- 
tuals, Pillage,  and  Spoil,  which  fhould  be  feized 
or  taken,  as  their  own  proper  Goods. 

Thus  much  for  the  Proceedings  in  November. 

So  many  and  various  are  the  Orders,  Inftruc~ttons, 
Letters  of  Intelligence,  &c.  from  different  Parts  of 
the  Kingdom,  all  relating  to  War,  and  entered  in 
the  Journals  of  both  Houfes,  in  the  Beginning  of 
December,  that  it  would  be  tirefome  to  repeat  them  : 
We  will  not  therefore  trouble  the  Reader  with  any 
of  them,  but  caft  an  Eye  to  fee  what  was  doing 
without  Doors  at  this  Time  ;  and  how  the  King's 
or  Parliament's  Power  rofe,  or  fell,  in  different  Parts 
of  the  Kingdom. 

After  the  late  Rencounter  at  Brentford,  the  King  The  State  of  &<• 
withdrew  his  Army  over  King/ion- Bridge  to  Oat-  Kingdom  at  thia 
lands ;  and  from  thence,  by  Colebrooke  and  Reading,Taas* 
to  Oxford. 

At  the  fame  Time  the  Earl  of  Newcaftle  °  had 
aflbciated  all  the  Counties  North  of  Torkjhire,  for 
the  King ;  on  which  Commiflions  were  fent  down 
from  the  Parliament,  to  the  Lord  Fairfax  and 
others,  to  affbciate  the  laft-named  County  with  all 
the  Midland  Counties  up  to  North-Wales.  How- 
ever the  Earl  marched  forward,  with  a  gallant 
Army  of  Northumbrians ,  &c.  towards  York.  At 
Pierjbridgf,  a  Pafs  over  the  River  Tees,  he  was  op- 
pofed  by  a  Party  of  Lord  Fairfax's  Horfe,  com- 
manded 
a  milii*  C*ve**ijk. 


£o       The  Parliamentary  HISTORV 

An.  »S.  Car.  l.manded  by  Capt.  Hotbam,  whom  the  Earl  difperfed, 
1642.        j>nd  marched  ftreight  to  York  ;  where  he  published  a 
1  -  /"~—  '    Declaration  °,  fetting  forth  the  Reafons  for  his  ta- 
Deccn.ber.  for  t^e  King. 


The  Parliament  had  alfo  brought  feveral  Coun- 
ties, in  the  JVeJl  of  England,  into  an  AfTociation  ; 
and  fome  Matters  are  entered  in  the  Journals,  fof 
'  the  Encouragement  of  this  Project. 

In  the  South  the  Event  was  various  ;  Farnbam 
Caftle,  in  the  County  of  Surry,  was  taken  by  the 
High  Sheriff,  for  the  King  ;  which  Sir  William  'Wal- 
ler foon  after  retook  for  the  Parliament.  But  this 
Lofs  was  amply  made  up  by  the  King's  Forces  ta- 
king the  Town  of  Marlborough  by  Storm,  under 
the  Command  of  Lord  Digby,  Lord  Grandijon,  Lord 
Wilmot,  Lord  IVentworth,  &c.  Co  that  now  thtf 
Kingdom,  tho'  in  the  Depth  of  Winter,  was  in  a 
Flame,  from  one  End  to  the  other  of  it. 

The  miferable  State  of  Inland,  alfo,  during  thefe 
Combuftions,  was  really  to  be  pitied  ;  both  Parties 
in  England\z\&  the  Blame  on  each  other,  for  neglect- 
ing the  Succours  that  were  to  be  fent  to  that  King- 
dona  j  but  the  true  Reafons  thereof,  we  think,  will 
beft  appear  by  the  following  Extracts  from  the  Lords 
Journals  of  the  gth  of  this  Month. 

To  the  High  and  moft  Honourable  Court  of 
Parliament, 

The  PETITION  of  Sir  James  Montgomery  and 
Sir  Hardrefs  Waller^  Knights  and  Colonels,  and 
of  Colonel  Arthur  Hill  and  Colonel  Dudley  Mer- 
•ulne^  in  Behalf  of  themfelves  and  other  Com- 
manders in  his  Majefty's  Army  in  Ireland, 
Moft  humbly  flieweth, 

A  Petition  from7~^C*  ^°UT  ^etltloners^  h  particular  Truft  devolved 

fcverat  officers          from  tonfiderabls  Parts  of  the  Army  in  Ireland, 

talreland,  to  the  £<2i/*,  thefe  26  Weeks,  attended  for  fome  timely  Succour 

Parliament.        ^  bg  Batched  to  that  deplorable  Kingdom  ;  and  find- 

ing, to  our  unfpeakable  Grief,  that  the  Dijlraflions 

of  this  Kingdom  afforded  us  very  weak  Hopes  of  any 

com- 
o  See  thii  at  L-ngth  in  Rvjbwr&i  CtlltBitr.s,  Vol.  V.  p.  78. 


Of    ENGLAND.         81 

fsmpetent  Supplies  :  As  we  did,  in  a  tender  Refent-An.  18   Car.  I. 
ment  of  the  bleeding  Condition  thereof,  petition   the        l64a< 
High  Court  of  Parliament^  fa,  by  Licence  firjl  ob-  •      — * 

tained  from  the  Committee  of  Safety,  out  of  the  fame 
Senfe,  in  all  Humility^  we  addrefs'd  ourfelves  to  bis 
Majefty,  whofe  gracious  Anfwer  we  received  in  Wri- 
ting,  and  his  Command  to  publijh  the  fame. 

May  it  therefore  pleafe  your  Lordjhips,  in  Obedi- 
ence to  his  Majejiy's  Commands,  and  out  of  a  con- 
Jlant  Inclination  to  obferve  the  Directions  of  this  moft 
Honourable  AJfembly,  to  grant  us  Leave  to  prefent  to 
your  Honours  the  Copy  of  our  Petition  to  his  Majejly^ 
his  Majefty' s  Anfwer  to  us,  and  alfo  the  bejl  and  only 
Remedies  appearing  unto  us  for  the  prefent  Preferva- 
tion  and  future  Being  of  that  peri/hing  Kingdom  ;  ac- 
cepting  and  humbly  praying  therein  the  further  Refo- 
lutions  and  Directions  of  this  High  Court,  in  a  Mat- 
ter of  fo  great  Importance ;  wherein  God's  Glory,  the 
interwoven  Safety  of  his  Majejlys  Dominions^  and  fa 
much  Proteftant  Blood  as  yet  unfpilt,  are  fo  highly 
concerned;  their  Wants  being  fo  prejfing,  the  Power  of 
the  Enemy  daily  increajing,  and  their  Ruin,  without 
prefent  Relief,  inevitable,  conjlrain  your  Petitioners 
humbly  to  beg  a  fpeedy  Anfwer,  further  Delays  be- 
ing to  them  as  dangerous  as  a  Defertion  ;  and  if  fur- 
ther Satisfaction  of  the  particular  Condition  of  every 
Part  of  the  Army,  and  of  thofe  diftrejfed  Proteftants 
there,  be  defer ed,  your  Petitioners  are  ready  to  remon- 
Jlrate  the  fame.  And,  as  in  Duty  bound,  Jhall  pray,  &C. 

The  Petitioners  were  called  in,  and  prefented  the 
faid  Copy,  which  was  read  in  hac  Verba  : 

To  the  KIN  G'S  Moft  Excellent  Majefty, 
The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  Sir  "James  Montgo- 
mery and  Sir  Hardrefs  IVaV.er,  Knights  and  Co- 
lonels, Colonel  Arthur  Hill,  and  Colonel  Audley 
Mervin,  in  Behalf  of  themfelves  and  others,  Com- 
manders in  his  Majefty's  Army  in  Ireland* 

May  it  pleafe  your  Sacred  Majefty, 
JT/'E  your  Majeftys  moft  humble  SubjecJs,  being  And  to  the  King; 

intruded  from  conjiderable  Parts  of  your  Ma- 

jefifs  Forces  in  the  Kingdom  of  Ireland,  to  petition 

VOL.  XII  F  your 


82         The  Parliamentary  HISTOKV 

An.  18.  Car.  l.your  Majejly  and  your  Parliament  for  Supplies  ;  and 
1642.        finding   that  your  Majejly  had   committed  the  Care 

'-  "•*"••  — >}  and  Managing  of  that  IVar  to  your  Parliament  here, 
1  cr*  we  addreJJ'ed  ourfelves  unto  the  fame  ;  whofe  Senfe  of 
our  Miferies,  and  Inclination  to  redrefs  them  appeared 
very  tender  unto  us ;  but  the  prefent  Diflempers  of  this 
your  Majeftys  Kingdom  of  England  (to  our  unfpeak- 
able  Grief)  are  grown  fo  great,  that  all  future  Paf- 
fages,  by  which  Comfort  and  Life  Jhould  be  conveyed 
unto  that  gafping  Kingdomyfeem  totally  to  be  objlrutted\ 
fo  that*  unlefs  your  gracious  Majejly,  out  of  your 
Jingular  IVijdom  and  fatherly  Care,  apply  fome  fpeedy 
Remedy,  we  your  diftrejjed  and  loyal  Subjects  of  that 
Kingdom  mufl  inevitably  perijb. 

Our  Condition  reprefents  unto  your  Majejly  the 
Eflate  of  all  your  faithful  Proteflant  Subjefls  in  Ire- 
land :  The  Influence  of  Princely  Favour  and  Goodnefs 
Jo  aflively  dijlilled  upon  your  Kingdom  of  Ireland,  be- 
fore the  Birth  of  this  monflrous  Rebellicn  there,  and 
fince  the  fame  fo  abundantly  exprejjed  in  Characters 
of  a  deep  Senfe,  and  lively  Refentment  of  the  bleed- 
ing Condition  thereof,  give  us  Hope,  in  this  our  de- 
plorable Extremity,  to  addrefs  ourfelves  unto  your  fa~ 
cred  Thront ;  humbly  befeeching  that  it  may  pltafe  your 
mojl  gracious  Majejly,  emongft  your  other  weighty 
Cares,  to  refleEl  upon  the  bleeding  Condition  of  that 
perijhing  Kingdom,  that  timely  Relief  may  be  afford- 
ed j  otherwife  your  loyal  Subjefts  there  mujl  yield  their 
Fortunes  a  Prey,  their  Lives  a  Sacrifice,  and  their 
Religion  a  Scorn,  to  the  mercilefs  Rebels  powerfully 


IVhilfl  we  live,  we  rejl  in  your  Majefys  Protec- 
tion ;  if  our  Deaths  are  figned  in  that  Caufe,  we  will 
die  in  your  Obedience ;  living  and  dying  ever  pray  for 
your  Majefly' s  long  and  projperous  Reign  over  us. 
JA.  MONTGOMERY,  ARTHUR  HILL, 

HARD.  WALLER,  Au.   MERVIN. 

Next  was  read  his  Majefty's  Anfwer,  dated  at 
the  Court  of  Oxford,  the  firft  of  December,   1 642. 

His  Majejly  hath  exprcjly  commanded  me  to  give 
this  Anfiuer  to  this  Petition. 

THAT 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        83 


crT"^HAT  his   Majefty,  fince  the  Beginning  An.  18.  Car.  I, 
'    A     of  tnat  monftrous  Rebellion,  hath  had  no        l64z- 

4  greater  Sorrow  than  for  the  bleeding;  Condition  of  *""_.    >4~, 

•     tr-       i  j        L     i_     L     i  Uecember. 

*  that  his  Kingdom  ;  and  as  he  hath  always  labour- 

4  ed  that  timely  Relief  might  be  afforded  to  the  His  Majefty'  a 
'  fame,  and  confented  to  all  Propofitions  (how  dif-  Anfwer  to  it. 
4  advantageous  foever  to  himfelf)  that  have  been 

*  offered  him  for  that  Purpofe  ;  and  not  only  at  firft 

*  recommended  their  Condition  to  both  his  Houfes 
4  of  Parliament,  and  immediately,  of  his  own  meer 
'  Motion,  fent  over  feveral  Commiflions,  and  caufed 

*  fome  Proportion  of  Arms  and  Ammunition  (which 
4  the  Petitioners  well  know  to  have  been  a  great 
4  fupport  to  the  Northern  Parts  of  that  Kingdom) 

*  to  be  conveyed  to  them  out  of  Scotland;  and  not 

*  only  offered  to  find  iO,ooo  Volunteers  to  undertake 
4  that  War,  but  hath  often  fincepreft,  by  many  feverai 

*  Meffages,  that  fufficient  Succours  might  be  haften'd 
4  thither  ;  and  other  Matters  of  fmaller  Importance 
4  laid  by,  which  did  divert  it  ;  and  offered,  and  moft 
4  really  intended,  in  his  own  Royal  Perfon,  to  have 
4  undergone  the  Danger  of  that  War,  for  the  De- 
4  fence  of  his  good  Subjects,  and  the  Chaftifement 
4  of  thofe  perfidious  and  barbarous  Rebels  ;  and,  in 

*  his  feveral  Expreflions  of  his  Defires  of  Treaty  and 
4  Peace,  hath  declared  the  prefent  miferable  Con- 
4  dition,  and  certain  future  Lofs,  of  Ireland,  to  be 
4  one  of  his  principal  Motives,  moft  earneftly  to 
4  defire  that  the  prefent  Diffractions  of  that  King- 
4  dom  might  be  compofed,  and  that  others  would 
4  concur  with  him  to  the  fame  End  :  So  his  Ma- 
4  jefty  is  well  pleafed  that  his  Offers,  Concurrence, 
4  Actions,  and  Expreflions  are  fo  rightly  underftood 
4  by  the  Petitioners  and  thofe  who  have  employed 
4  them,  notwithftanding  the  groundlefs  and  horrid 
4  Afperfions  which  have  been  caft  upon  him  :  But 
4  wifhes  that,  inftead  of  meer  general  Complaints 
4  (to  which  his  Majefty  can  make  no  Return  but  of 
4  Compaffion)  they  could  have  digefted,  and  offered 
4  to  him  any  fuch  Defires,  by  confenting  to  which 
4  he  might  convey,  at  leaft  in  fome  Degree,  Com- 

F  2  fort 


84       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.'  fort  and  Life  to  that  gafping  Kingdom  ;  prefervc 

1642.        t  hjs  diftreffed  and  loyal  Subjects  of  the  fame  from 

*jr"v'~— **    '  inevitable  perifliing,  and  the  true  Proteftant  Re- 

m  er>     '  ligion  from  being  fcorned  and  trampled  on  by  thofe 

*  mercilefs  and  idolatrous  Rebels. 

'  And  if  the  Petitioners  can  yet  think  on  any 

*  fuch,  and  propofe  them  to  his  Majefty,  he  a/lures 

*  them  that,  by  his  Readinefs  to  confent,  and  his 
«  Thanks  to  them  for  the  Propofal,  he  will  make  it 

*  appear  to  them,  that  their  moft  prefling  perfonal 

*  Sufferings  cannot  make   them  more  defirous  of 

*  Relief,  than  his  Care  of  the  true  Religion,  and  of 

*  his  faithful  Subjects,  and   of  that   Duty   which 

*  obliges  him,  to  his  Power,  to  protect  both,  renders 

*  him  defirous  to  afford  it  to  them. 

FALKLAND. 

Laftly,  were  read  the  Remedies,  which  they  of- 
fer'd  for  the  Prefervation  of  that  Kingdom. 

The  HUMFLE  CONCEPTIONS  of  Sir  James  Mont- 
gomery, &c.  upon  the  Refult  of  their  Petition  to 
his  Majefty,  and  his  Anfwer  to  the  fame. 

The  Remedies  TTPONour  bumble  Addnfs  to  his  Majejly  to  petition 
proofed i  for  thc  I/  for  ,/,,  Rei;ef  Of  tke  Ceding  Condition  of  Ire- 
of  /r'^Jand,  bis  Majejly,  after  an-Expreflion  of  his  tender 
Refentment  of  our  Sufferings  ^  gave  us  in  Anfwer,  That 
to  fuch  general  Complaints  his  Majejly  can  make  no  Re- 
turn  but  in  Companion  ;  and  could  ^viJh  we  had  di- 
gejled  fucb  particular  Defires,  that  he  might  have  gi- 
ven his  Royal  AJfent  to  convey  fome  Comfort,  tho1  but 
in  a  weak  Meafure,  to  the  gafping  Condition  there- 
of :  Wherefore,  that  we  might  not  feem  infcnfible  of 
bis  Majefty'i  gracious  Anfwer  and  free  Propcfals9 
we  have  entered  into  a  me/}  narrow  Dijquifttion  to 
make  fome  Overtures,  by  humble  Defires,  as  may  con- 
duce to  the  refloring  the  Glory  of  that  Kingdom,  and 
ftcure  the  interwoven  Dependency  of  it  with  his  Ma- 
jefly's  other  Dominions  :  And  fence  the  Managing  of 
tbtWarin  that  dijlrejfed  Kingdom  hath  been  committed 

to 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         85- 

to  the  Vigilancy  and  Power  of  this  mojl  Honourable  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
AJfembly,  and  we  acknowledge  your  pious  Inclinations 
in  expr effing  the  fame  j  ye t,  in  all  Humility  to  your 
fuperior  Wifdoms,  and  in  a  deep  Senfe  of  the  immi- 
nent Ruin  of  that  Kingdom,  if  not  fpeedily  prevent- 
ed, we  offer  thefe  our  Defer  es  ;  which,  if  they  receive 
your  Approbation,  we  art  mojl  happy  ;  if,  for  Reafons 
of  State,  bejl  known  to  yourselves,  they  are  to  be  laid 
afide,  then  we  beg  it  may  be  conjlrued  as  our  Ztal,  not 
our  Prefumption. 

I  ft,  Since  this  Kingdom  is  the  Fountain  from  whence 
the  Streams  of  Safety  mujt  flow,  and  that  the  prefent 
Diflraflions  have  fo  troubled  the  fame ;  as  we  ear- 
neftly  implore  the  throne  of  Grace  both  for  yourf elves 
and  us,  fo  we  humbly  offer  thefe  unto  your  grave  Wif- 
doms,  as  the  fubordinate  Injlruments  of  a  happy,  blef- 
fed,  and  timely  Accommodation  here,  in  which  the  King 
and  People  may  rejoice ;  there  being  no  other  vifeblt 
IV ay  to  convey  fuch  per_fe£i  Health  unto  that  Kingdom^ 
but  that  it  may  otherwife  immediately  be  fubjefl  to  & 
dangerous  Relapfe. 

2dly,  If  this  Kingdom  mufl  yet  longer  be  diverted 
from  that  prosperous  Peace,  to  which,  to  the  Envy  of 
other  Nations,  Jhe  hath  been  fo  fortunately  weddedy 
we  humbly  defire  that  fuch  competent  Supplies  of  Mo- 
ney, Victuals,  Cloaths,  and  Ammunition,  may  be  time- 
ly transported  to  the  Army  there,  without  which  there 
is  not  the  lea/I  Hopes  of  longer  Subjiftence ;  that  fuch 
Protejlant  Blood  there  yet  unfpilt,  and  by  your  own 
Commands  there  employ  edt  may  be  preserved;  that  fuch 
Garrifons,  Sea-Ports,  Forts,  Artillery,  and  other  f^ar~ 
like  Provifions,  may  be  fecured,  untill  compofed  Times 
may  afford  fuch  large  Supplies,  as  may  promife  a  Re- 
ducement  of  that  Kingdom  to  their  due  Obedience. 

3dly,  If  neither  of  thefe  can  fuit  zvith  the  prefent 
Conjlitution  of  thefe  Times,  we,  in  a  bleeding  Forefeght 
of  our  mi fer able  dijlrejjed  Condition,  humbly  defire  (if 
a  fatal  Necejp.ty,  for  Prefervation  of  all  that  is  dear 
to  us  and  our  Po/Jerity,  enforce  fuch  hard  and  miferable 
Conditions  upon  us,  as  may  prove  inconvenient  to  that9 
and,  in  the  End,  to  this  Kingdom)  that  you  will  be 
pleafed  to  allow  them  a  favourable  Cwjlruftion. 

F  3  Thus 


8  6         The  Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  o  R  y 

An,  18.  Car.  I.     Thus  labouring  in  thefe  Straits,  we  addrefs  ourfelves 
— 4^1       unto  y°ur  apP^oved  Wifdoms  for  timely  Directions  in 
jfaembcr      a  Matter  of  fo  great  Concernment, 

Thefe  Petitions  and  Remonftrances,from  the  Pro- 
teftants  of  Ireland,  the  Lords  referred  to  a  Commit- 
tee, as  did  alfo  the  Commons  on  their  being  prefent- 
ed  unto  them.  The  latter  appointed  a  particular  Day 
for  talcing  them  into  Confideration ;  but  we  do  not 
find  any  thing  further  done  in  this  Affair  by  either 
Houfe,  their  own  Fears  and  Diftra&ions  being  much 
nearer  to  them  at  this  Time. 

Some  Citizens  of  Two  Petitions  to  Parliament  being  on  Foot,  at 
London  complain  the  fame  Time,  in  the  City  of  London,  but  widely 
O.faninftcndedfe- different  in  the  Contents  of  them,  Mr.  Shute  appears 

tiUon  for  an  Ac-          •       •        i        «v  ;       r    u     /">  j '    I     • 

commodation,  again  in  the  journali  of  the  Commons,  declaring, 
That,  with  all  Thankfulnefs,  the  Godly  Party  ac- 
knowledged the  open  Care  of  that  Houfe  to  all  their 
Defires :  That  they  did  fubjeft  their  Money  and 
Lives,  to  the  laft  Drop  of  Blood  in  their  Veins,  to 
be  difpofed  of  by  Parliament : 

*  But  they  defired  to  clear  themfelves  from  an  Im- 
putation caft  upon  them  by  the  Malignants,  that 
they  petition  againft  Peace.  This,  he  faid,  was  far 
from  their  Intentions;  but  their  Defires  were  for  an 
honourable  and  fecure  Peace  :  That  the  Malignant 
Party  went  about  to  get  Hands  to  a  Petition  to  procure 
a  Treaty,  that  the  Enemy  might  gain  Time  to  re- 
collect their  broken  Strength ;  well  knowing  that  they 
are  fo,  and  that  they  want  Powder  and  Ammunition.1 
He  then  prefented  a  Copy  of  the  adverfe  Petition, 
which  was  read  ;  but,  after  returning  Thanks  to  Mr. 
Shute  and  the  reft  of  the  Citizens,  for  this  frefh  Mark 
of  their  Efteem,  the  further  Confideration  of  this 
Petition  was  deferred  to  another  Time  :  And,  a 
Day  or  two  after,  Mr.  Shute,  it  feems,  growing 
too  bold  in  addrefling  the  Houfe,  two  of  the  Mem- 
bers were  ordered  to  acquaint  him,  That  the  Com- 
•  mons  refented  fomeExpreflions  ufed  by  him,  and  ad- 
monimedhim  how  to  demean  himfelf  hereafter,  when 
he  came  to  give  Information  to  them. 

Both 


Of    ENGLAND.        87 

Both  Houfes  of  Parliament  had  been  long  jealous  An.  iS.  Car.  I, 
•of  their  Neighbours  the  Dutch^  for  fending  Supplies 
of  Men,  Money,  fcrV.  to  the  King.  And  Mr.  Strick- 
land)  their  Agent  in  Holland,  had  often  prefented 
Memorials  to  the  States  on  this  Subject;  when,  in 
truth,  the  King  had  nothing  from  thence  but  what 
was  bought  up  by  the  Sale  of  the  Queen's  Jewels, 
or  her  own  Money,  except  what  the  Prince  of 
Orange )  her  Son-in-Law,  fupplied  :  However  the 
Parliament  thought  necefTary,  at  this  Time,  to 
draw  up  a  Declaration,  and  fent  it  to  Mr.  Walter 
Strickland  at  the  Hague^  to  be  by  him  prefented  to 
the  States,  to  prevent  any  Supplies  coming  to  the 
King  from  that  Quarter.  The  Form  of  which 
ftands  thus  in  the  Lords  Journals  of  the  I2th  of  this 
Month : 

'  "\X  7"E  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  the  Parlia-The  Parli*. 
VV     ment  of  England  aflembled,    did,   withment's 

*  much  Contentment  and  Satisfaaion,  receive  the^JS 

4  Anfwer  of  the  High  and  Mighty  Lords,  the  Lords  felling  Ammuni- 
c  the  States  General  of  the  United  Provinces,  to  thet 

*  Declaration  prefented  to  them  on  our  Behalf,  by 

*  Walter  Strickland^  Efq;  finding  therein  many  lively 

*  Exprefiions  of  their  Affections  to  the  Peace  and 
'  Profperity  of  this  Kingdom,  and  a  due  Refent- 
4  ment  of  our  Troubles,  and  of  their  Care  and  Re- 

*  folution  of  hindering  the  Paflage  of  any  Men,  Mu- 
4  nition,  or  Arms,  which  might  foment  and  increafe 

*  the  unhappy  Differences  and  Combuftions,  where- 
6  with  this  Nation  is  miferably  diftra&ed  and  diftem- 
'  pered  ;  which  we  gladly  and  thankfully  received 
'  as  a  Means  of  our  prefent  Safety,  and  a  Help  to- 
4  wards  the  fettling;  a  defired  Peace  betwixt  his  Ma- 
'  jefty  and  his  molt  loyal  Subjects,  and  a  Founda- 

*  tion  of  more  near  and  beneficial  Conjunction  be- 
4  twixt  this  Kingdom  and  that  State  ;  for  Preferva- 

*  tion  of  the  Proteftant  Religion,  arid  Relief  of  many 

*  opprefled  Princes  and  States,  againft  the  commorj 

*  Enemy,  both  theirs  and  ours :  But  this  Hope  and 

*  Contentment  hath  been  much  impaired  by  the 

*  frequent 


88       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  18.  Car.  I.'  frequent  Experiments  we  have  had  of  the  Tran- 

164*.        i  fportation  of  Men,   Munition,   and  Arms,  from 

*- — v— »^    '  thofe  Parts  which  have  been  employed  againft  us ; 

December.     <  an(j  many  undoubted  Advertifements  of  the.con- 

'  tinual  Preparations  and  Endeavours  of  divers  Trai- 

'  tors  and  Fugitives  of  this  Nation,  now  refiding 

*  in  the  United  Provinces,  to  procure  great  Quanti- 

*  ties  of  Treafure  and  other  Warlike  Provifions  to  be 

*  conveyed  over  from  thofe  Parts  againft  the  Parlia- 

*  ment  and  Subjects  of  this  Kingdom  ;  and  particu- 

*  larly  that  Col.  Goring,  Capt.  Byron,  Sir  Francis 
«  Mackwortb,  Capt.  Lloyd,  Capt.  Brett,  and  Capt. 

*  Wyndbam,  with  divers  Hundreds  of  Soldiers,  being 

*  in  the  Pay  of  that  State,  are  either  lately  {hipped, 
«  or  ready  to  embark,   from  fome   of  thofe  Parts 

*  belonging  to  the  fame,  for  Newcajlle ;  and  to  join 

*  with  the  Army  of  Papifts  and  other  ill  -affected 

*  Perlbns,  raifed  in  the  North  Parts  of  this  King- 

*  dom,  againft  the  Parliament,  and  for  the  Subver-. 

*  fion  of  the  Proteftant  Religion  here  ;  which  hath 

*  exceedingly  encouraged  that  Party,  and  confirmed 

*  his  Majelty  in  adhering  to  thofe  evil  Counfellors, 
«  who  have  been  the  Authors  of  the  public  Troubles 

*  and  Miferies  of  this  Kingdom,  and  the  rejecting 

*  the  many  humble  Petitions  that  he  would  be  plea- 
«  fed,  according  to  the  Laws  of  the  Kingdom,  to 

*  return  to  his  Parliament ;  and,  by  their  Counfel 
<  and  Advice,  to  fecure  our  Religion  and  the  Laws 

*  againft  the  wicked  Plots  and  Defigns,  which  have 

*  long  been,  and  ftill  are,    in  Agitation  for  the  Sub- 

*  veruon  of  both  ;  in  doing  whereof  we  have  offered, 
«  and  are  ftill  ready,  to  fecure  his  Majefty's  Perfon, 

*  Honour  and  Eftate,  in  any  Manner  which  may 

*  be  expected  from  true  Chriftians  and  loyal  Sub- 

*  jects  ;  and  which  we  folemnly  profefs,  in  the  Pre- 
«  fence  of  Almighty  God,  to  be  our  real  Intention 
'  and  hearty  Defires  to  perform  ;  and  that  whatfo- 

*  ever  is  pretended  and  publifhed  to  the  contrary, 
«  as  if  we  had  admitted  any  Defign,  or  exprefied 
'  any  Endeavours,  to  the  Hurt  of  his  Perfon,  or 
c  Prejudice  of  his  Sovereignty,   proceeds  from  the 

«  falfe 


Of    ENGLAND.       89 

*  falfe  and  malicious  Scandals  of  fuch  as  are  Enemies  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
«  to  the  Public  Peace  : 

«  Wherefore  we  entreat  that  wife  and  prudent   VJ^JJ^J 
c  State  to  fulfill  thofe  Promifes  and  Declarations, 
c  which  they  have  made  to  us,  of  reftraining  and 

*  prohibiting  the  Tranfportation  of  Men,   Arms, 
'  Money,  or  any  Warlike  Provifions  againit  us  ; 

*  and  that  they  will  enquire  into  the  Faults  and 
6  Neglects  of  thofe  Officers,  who  have  fuffered  fo 

*  many  Breaches  and  Violations  thereof;  that  they 
'  will  be  pleafed,  with  all  juft  Favour,  to  admit  of 
e  fuch  Complaints  and  Informations  as  lhall  be  made 
'  unto  them,  by  Mr.  Strickland,  in    that  Behalf; 
'  and  that  they  will  look  upon  this  not  only  as  a  Mat- 
4  ter  of  Civil  Refpect  to  this  Houfe,  but  as  that  which 
'  concerns  the  Honour  of  God,  the  Defence  of  Re- 
£  ligion,  and  their  own  Safety  and  Liberty  ;  who, 
'  if  we  be  ruined,  will  not  only  be  deprived  of  art 
'  affectionate  and  ufeful  Alliance,  but  inviron'd  with 
e  fuch  Enemies  as,  by  the  fame  Rules  and  Princi- 
4  pies  by  which  they  have  been  active  to  feek  our 

*  Ruin,  will  be  carried  on  to  all  Kind  of  Practices 
«  and  Endeavours  to  ruin  them.' 

The  Hiftory  of  this  Inteftine  War  will  be  beft 
known  by  the  Letters  of  Intelligence,  which  were 
fent  to  the  Parliament,  from  different  Parts  of  the 
Kingdom ;  and  though  they  may  perhaps,  fome- 
times,  exaggerate  their  own  Victories,  and  other 
Advantages  gained  over  the  King's  Forces  ;  yet,  at 
the  fame  Time,  as  thefe  Letters  lay  open  their  own 
Wants  and  Neceffities,  the  inferting  them,  in  their 
proper  Order  of  Time,  will  not  only  illuftrate  feve- 
ral  Paffages  in  the  Courfe  of  this  Work,  but  open 
many  Scenes  of  Importance,  hitherto  concealed  from 
the  Public.  We  lhall  begin  with  a  Letter  from  De- 
vonjhire,  which  was,  on  the  I3th  of  this  Month, 
prefented  to  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  by  the  Commons, 
at  a  Conference ;  and  is  entered  in  the  Journals  of 
the  former  only.  It  was  addreffed  to  the  Lords,  and 
others,  of  the  Committee  for  the  Safety  of  the 
Kingdom,  at  Weftmlnjlcr. 

Right 


90       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.     Right  Honourable, 

^— y—_f       .ACcording  to  our  Duty,  and Truft  repofed in  us,  we 

December.     •^  have  ufed  our  left  Endeavours  for  the  Preferva- 

tlon  of  this  County  ;  and  although  little  Affijlance  hath 

A  Letter  itombeen  afforded  us  by  the  People  here,  to  what  we  ex- 

Dmonjhire,    gi- pefted,  yet  God,  that  never  fails  thofe  that  go  on  in 

clothe  SuteUof  *"  Wa3*   OTld  "A  UP0tl  hh  P°W£r  Qnd.  Goodnefs*  hath 

Affairs  in  the  ft  bleffed  us  now  in  this  Time  of  Straits,  that  he  hath 
Weft  oi  England,  done  great  Things  for  us  by  fmall  Means  :  To  him 
therefore  be  the  Glory  and  the  Praife. 

Upon  Tuefday  the  zqth  of  November,  Captain 
Thompfon  and  Captain  Pymme,  by  Command  of  Co- 
lonel Ruthen,  went  to  Plimpton,  to  keep  that  Town, 
•with  their  Troops,  and  about  70  Dragooners  and 
200  Foot,  if  they  faw  it  might  have  been  kept  with- 
out great  Hazard  j  but,  the  next  Day,  hearing  the 
Enemies  were  marching  from  Taviftock,  with  (as 
was  related  to  us)  3000  Horfe  and  Foot,  and  eight 
Pieces  of  Ordnance ;  and  finding  the  Town  of  Plimp- 
ton not  to  be  kept  without  as  great  a  Force  as  Jhould 
come  againft  it,  by  reafon  the  Town  lies  fo  fcattering, 
and  feveral  Villages  fo  near  it ;  and  fo,  left  the  Enemy 
Jhould  come  between  them  and  Plymouth,  they  drew 
forth  towards  the  Enemy  \  but,  Night  coming  on,  they 
could  not  come  to  give  them  Charge,  without  Hazard 
and  Damage  one  of  another  in  the  Dark  ;  they  then 
went  to  Plymouth. 

The  Day  after,  being  Thurfday,  ^Colonel  Ruthen, 
•  tvitb  four  Troops  of  Horfe  and  the  aforefaid  Dra- 

gooners, went  to  Plimpton  to  view  the  Town,  and  to 
fee  the  Motion  of  the  Enemy  ;  and,  finding  the  Town 
as  was  related  to  him,  he  then  drew  towards  Plymouth, 
andjlood  upon  the  Lary  for  the  Space  of  three  Hours  ; 
forcing  the  Enemy,  who  attempted  one  Charge  to  have 
drawn  us  to  their  Ambufcades,  to  fly  prefently  ;  and 
durfl  not  (with  all  their  Force,  which  we  judge  was 
at  lea  ft  2500  Horfe  and  Foot  then  left,  for  many  ran 
away  the  Night  before)  give  us  a  Charge  upon  fair 
Ground ;  but  that  Night  they  went  to  Plimpton,  where 
they  continued  till  Wednefday  the  "tb  of  this  prefent 
Month. 

Colonel 


Of    ENGLAND.         9i 

Colonel  Ruthen,  with  the  aforefaid  four  Troops  of  An.  18,  Car.  I. 
Horfe  and  about  100  Dragooners,  about  Three  of  the  t  l642' 
dock  in  the  Morning,  marched  from  Plymouth  over  7T  v~ 
Rubart  Downs,  being  a  Eye-way  to  Modbury ;  where 
were  gathered  together,  by  the  Sheriff's  Commands^ 
3  or  4000  Men,  fame  with  Arms,  and  fame  tvithout  j 
and  we  came  jo  privately  that  they  did  not  discover  us 
untill  we  luere  within  a  Mile  of  the  Town ;  which 
did  fo  amaze  them,  that  after  Sir  Ralph  Hopton 
drew  up  all  the  Men  he  could  prefently  get,  he,  with 
Sir  Nicholas  Slanning,  ran  away  and  efcaped ;  and 
after  a  fmall  Skirmijh  with  thofe  that  flood  to  it,  with 
the  Lojs  of  one  Man  and  two  hurt,  and  three  or  four 
Horfesy  we  took  Prifoners,  the  Sheriff"  Sir  Edmund 
Fortefcue,  and  his  Brother ;  Sir  Edward  Seymour, 
Knight  of  the  Shire  for  Devonshire,  and  his  Son» 
Mr.  Baflet,  Capt.  Pomeroy,  Capt.  Wood,  Capt. 
Penrofe,  Lieut.  Barns  0/Exon,  and  many  others. 

From  thence  we  marched  that  Day,  a  long  March 
of  fixteen  Hours  on  Horfeback,  with  our  Prifoners9 
to  Dartmouth,  to  the  Gladding  of  the  Hearts  of  the 
good  People  there  ;  for,  while  we  were  upon  our  March 
towards  Modbury,  one  Mr.  Thomas  Leigh  was  in 
Treaty  with  Sir  Ralph  Hopton,  about  the  Delivery 
up  of  the  Town,  as  we  were  informed ;  and,  by  his  own 
Confejfion  fmcet  he  had  got  a  Warrant  to  free  his 
Houfe  from  Plundering  ;  this  Mr.  Leigh  we  have 
alfo  taken^  and,  with  the  reft  of  the  Prifoners,  have 
fent  to  Plymouth,  this  Morning,  in  a  Frigate  called 
the  Crefcent,  by  one  Capt.  Plunket. 

We  ran  a  great  Hazard  in  this  Service,  as  your 
Honours  may  judge,  for  the  Enemy  lay  on  both  Sides 
with  all  their  Forces  ;  Part  at  Plimpton  and  Part  at 
Totnefs  :  But  the  Lord  carried  us  along  in  our  IJ^ay^ 
and  delivered  the  Enemies  of  his  Truth  and  of  our  Li- 
berties, into  our  Hands,  and  made  many  more  to  fly 
before  us:  The  Prifoners  Colonel  Ruthen  hath  ordered 
to  be  fent  from  Plymouth,  with  the  firft  fair  l^ind, 
to  London  ;  and  we  now  lie  here,  expeSling  fame 
Force  from  Exon  to  join  with  us ;  and,  if  we  can 
have  but  loco  Dragooners^  we  hope  to  do  the  Enemy 
yiuch  Damage* 

We 


92        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  1 8.  Car.  I.  We  hear*  this  Day,  that  fmce  our  Coming  hither 
*64*«  the  Enemy  is  advanced  with  the  great  eft  Part  of  their 
December^  F°rce  to  Totnefs ;  what  are  left  at  Plimpton  we 
know  not.  Iffpeedy  Supply  comes  not  of  Men,  Money , 
and  Arms,  we  fear  they  will  plunder  mojl  of  the  good 
Towns  in  this  County  ;  and  what  it  may  grow  to,  if 
God  doth  not  mightily  work  for  us,  we  know  not. 
Your  Honours  know  of  what  great  Concernment  the 
Keeping  of  this  County  is,  and  ^ve  doubt  not  but  the 
great  Need  of  AJJifrance  will  be  fufficient  to  move 
your  Honours  to  take  into  Confederation  the  Premifes  ; 
which  that  your  Honours  would  bepleafedto  do,  is  the 
bumble  Petition  of 

Your  obedient  Servants, 

WILLIAM  RUTHEN. 

Dartmouth,  December  9,  ALEXANDER    PYMME. 

1642  GEORGE  THOMPSON. 

ANTHONY  ROUSE. 
LEWIS  DICK. 

At  the  foregoing  Conference  the  Lords  were  in- 
formed, That,  upon  Occafion  of  this  Letter,  the 
Commons  hadpafled  thefe  Votes  following,  wherein 
Mr.  Hollei  ap-they  defired  their  Lordfhips  Concurrence  : 
pointed  Com.         j    «  That  MIY //«//«  be  defired  to  command  the 

mander  of  thole »-.  .        ,        TTr   ,          »-,  •     /->i  •   r 

Parts  in  Chic/.  Forces  in  the  Wejtern  Parts  in  Chief. 

2.  *  That  the  Lord-General  be  defired  to  grant 
aCommiflion  to  Mr.  Holies  accordingly. 

3.  *  That  a  Committee  of  Lords  and  Commons 
may  recommend  to  the  City  the  State  of  the  Weft- 
ern  Counties,  and  earneftly  move  them,  in  regard 
of  the  Importance  of  thofe  Counties,  to  aflift  the 
fetting  forth  of  a  confiderable  Strength  to  be  fent 
into  thofe  Parts ;  that  the  Letter  from  Dartmouth 
be  communicated  to  the  City  of  London ;  and  that 
thofe  Committees  of  both  Houfes   may  be  a  Hand- 
ing Committee,  to  take  Care  of  the  Furtherance 
and  Sending  away  fuch  Supplies  as  are  refolved  to  be 
lent/ 

The  Lords  agreed  to  all  thefe  Votes,  and  the  fol- 
lowing Peers  were  appointed  to  be  Committees  to 

join 


Of   ENGLAND.        93 

join  with  a  proportionable  Number  of  the  Houfe  of  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
Commons,  viz.  the  Earls  of  Pembroke  and  Baling- 
broket  the  Lord  Vifcount  Say  and  Se/e,  the  Lords 
Grey  de  Werk,  Brooke  and  Wharton. 

Nothing  further  occurs  worth  our  Notice  till 
December  1 6.  When  a  Meflage  came  from  theThe  Parliament 
Lord -General,  with  a  Relation  that  the  Parliament's  J^^JJ0* 
Forces  had  taken  the  Caftle  and  City  of  Winchefter^fa  the  taking  of 
with  the  Lord  Grandifon  and  24  other  Commanders Wintbeftr* 
Prifoners,  700  Soldiers,  600  Horfe,  and  600  Arms, 
with  theLofs  of  a  few  Men  only.  For  which  Victory 
the  Lord-General  intended  to  give  public  Thanks 
to  God,  the  next  Lord's  Day,  at  l&indfor^  for  this 
great  Succefs  without  Lofs  of  Blood.     His  Lord- 
Ihip  defined  the  Lords   would  give  Order   that  a 
public  Thankfgiving  might  be  obferved,  the  fame 
Day,  in  London  and  Wejlminfter.     On  which  the 
Houfe  ordered,  That  the  Lord  Mayor  bedefired  to 
caufe  public  Thanks  to  be  given  within  the  faid 
City  and  Liberties ;  the  Juftices  of  Peace  for  Weft- 
minjler  and  Middlefex  were  alfo  ordered  to  do  the 
fame,  and  every  where  to  exprefs  their  Joy,  by 
ringing  of  Bells,  &c.  for  this  Victory. 

At  the  fame  Time  a  Letter  from  Lord  Fairfax, 
was  read,  giving  a  very  particular  Account  of  the 
State  of  Affairs  in  the  Northern  Counties  ;  which  we 
(hall  give  at  Length,  as  well  as  all  other  Matters  of 
Intelligence  fent  up  to  Parliament.  It  was  addrefs'd 
to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  pro  Tempore. 

May  it  pleafe  your  Lordfhip, 

T  TP  O  N  Saturday  lajl  I  received  a  Declaration  Lord  Fairfax" t 
^    of  Parliament ,  with  a  CommiJJion  from  his  Ex-  Account  of  the 

tettency  the  Earl  of  Eflex,  to  command  in  Chief  over*?*  $*'?"" 

t      r>  /•    F    VT  t      /  »•  f>   •"     •       tbern  Counties, 

the  forces  of  the  North,  and  other  adjacent  Counties  ; 

which  great  Honour  and  Truft,  far  above  my  Ambi- 
tion or  Merit,  by  your  Lordjhips  conferred  on  me,  I 
Jhall  exercife  with  all  Care  and  Fidelity  ;  not  doubt- 
ing but  that  your  Lordjhips  will  enable  me  therein, 
ivithfuch  other  Supplies  as  the  NeceJJity  of  the  Service 
Jbatt  require,  and  that  reprefintsdfrm  hence. 


94       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.  The  State  of  Affairs  in  tbefe  Parts,  fence  my  lajt 
1641.  Difpatch  of  the  fir/I  of  this  Month,  /lands  in  this 
*— -v— •— '  Manner :  The  Earl  of  Newcaftle  is  come  to  York, 
December,  and  joined  his  Forces  to  the  £a//0/Cumberlaml,  ma  • 
ting  in  a/I,  as  1  am  informed,  about  8000  Men, 
Horfe  and  Foot  i  of  which  there  is  about  200O,fJotfg 
and  Dragooners  ;  a  Strength  far  too  potent  to  be  re- 
ftfted  by  the  fmall  Power  i&bich  I  have  here,  where- 
of I  fend  a  Lift  inch  Jed :  Our  Strength  was  once 
ejlimatedby  ourfehes  far  greater  than  now  it  appears  ; 
for  upon  the  Earl  of  Newcaftle'j  coming  over  the 
Tees,  Sir  Edward  Loftus  with  all  the  Richmond - 
fhire  Men,  and  Sir  Henry  Anderfon  with  all  the 
Cleveland  Men  and  the  reft  of  the  North -Riding, 
which  were  ejlimated  at  I OOO  Men,  did  all  return 
to  their  own  Houfes,  fave  about  1 30  Men  brought 
hither  by  Sir  Matthew  Boynton,  fame  other  Gentle- 
men^ and  one  Troop  of  Horfe  raifed  by  Sir  Henry 
Foulis,  and  about  forty  Horfe  more  brought  hither  by 
Capt.  Anderfon.  Btfidei  this  Defett,  our  Numbers 
are  decreased  by  Sir  Hugh  Cholmley,  to  whom  I 
have  fent  divers  Orders  to  march  North  ward,  to  join 
with  Capt  Hotham  and  the  reft,  in  refifting  the 
Earl  of  Newcaftle'j  Entry,  before  he  came  into 
Yorkftiire  ;  and  fince  his  Entry,  to  come  to  me  and. 
the  rejl  of  the  Army  at  Tadcafter,  but  he  found  juch 
Impediments  as  he  could  do  neither  j  and  now  I  hear 
be  is  gone  to  Scarbrough,  and  taken  his  Forces  with 
lim,  which  were  about  700  Men ;  Col.  Boynton, 
whofe  Regiment  confijled  of  800  Foot,  is  likeiuife 
marched  towards  Hull,  although  I  fent  him  divers 
Orders  to  march  up  hither  to  ajjift  the  Forces  at  Tad- 
cafter, giving  me  neither  Re  a  fan  of  his  not  coming  to 
met  nor  of  his  March  towards  Hull.  7  underJJood 
that  Sir  John  Cell  had  raifed  800  Men  in  Derby- 
fhire,  and  fent  unto  him  to  march  hither  to  our  Suc- 
£  our  ;  but  I  have  received  an  Anfwer  from  him,  that 
lie  is  not  able  yet  to  Jlir  from  thence  :  From  Sir  An- 
thony Irby,  nor  the  Lincolnfhire  Men,  1  hear  no- 
thing, though  I  have  fent  to  them  exprefs  Mfffengers  : 
So  our  whole  Strength  here  (upon  Return  of  the  former 
fent  into  the  North  j  confifling  iff  twenty- ant  Companies 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         95 

of  Foot,  and  feven  Troops  of  Horfe,  and  one  Com-  An.  18.  Car.  I, 
pany  of  Dragooners,  we  did  fend,  of  them,  two  Com-        1642. 
panics  of  Foot  to  fecure  Selby,  and  one  Company  to    *— — ' v— -*, 
fecure  Cawood  Cajlle ;  and  quartered  the  reft,  part     Dceembcr* 
of  them  at  Wetherby,  under  Command  of  Capt.  Ho- 
tham,  whom  I  have  nominated  to  be  Lieutenant-Ge- 
neral of  the  Army,  and  the  reft  at  Tadcafter,  under 
my  own  Command. 

Upon  Tuefday  receiving  Intelligence  that  the  Earl 
0/"Newcaftle,  with  his  whole  Forces,  intended  to  fall 
upsn  our  Quarter  at  Tadcafter,  /  fent  to  Capt.  Ho- 
tham,  to  bring  up  the  Forces  at  Wetherby ;  which 
being  done,  and  the  Earl  of  Newcaftle'j  Army  come 
in  Sight,  we  drew  our  Men  into  the  uttermojl  Part 
of  our  Quarter,  where  we  had  raifed  fame  Breaft- 
IVorks  for  our  Mufqueteers  :  There  the  Fight  began 
about  Eleven  of  the  Clock ,  and  fo  continued,  injharp 
Difpute,  untill  about  Four  of  the  Clock  in  the  Even- 
ing ;  in  which  Time  there  was  at  leajl  40,000  Muf- 
quet-Shot  discharged  on  both  Sides,  and  great  Numbers 
of  Canon- Shot. 

The  Enemy  had  once  won  Part  of  the  Town  and 
beaten  our  Men,  and  placed  fame  of  their  Companies 
in  two  or  three  Houfes,  which  did  much  endanger  us  j 
but  in  the  End  our  Men,  with  great  Courage*  forced 
them  out  again,  recovered  and  burnt  the  Houfes,  and, 
killed  many  of  the  Enemy's  Men  that  were  there  pla- 
ced ;  and,  in  Conclujion,  forced  the  whole  Army  to  re- 
treat, leaving  very  many  of  their  Men  dead,  and  very 
great  Numbers  wounded :  The  certain  Numbers,  nor 
Dualities  of  the  Perfons  we  could  not  take,  but  it  is 
generally  /aid  by  the  Country  People  that  there  were  at 
leajl  one  hundred  found  killed  and  burnt,  and  we 
took  feventeen  Prisoners  in  the  Fight :  On  our  Part 
we  loft  fix  Men,  and  Capt.  William  Lifter,  a  vali- 
ant and  gallant  Gentleman,  who  was /hot  with  a  Muf- 
quet  Bullet  in  the  Head ;  we  had  about  twenty  more 
wounded,  but  loft  not  one  Prifoner  in  the  Battle ;  thif 
divers  of  our  Men,  being  negligent  of  their  Duty,Jlay- 
ed  behind  us  when  we  quitted  the  Quarter  ;  and  fo 
were  taken  there  by  the  Enemy,  the  next  Day,  and 
made  Prifoner s.  In  this  Fight  our  Men  bthaved  them- 

fehes 


96        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  l.felves  with  very  great  Refolution,  far  beyond  Expefta- 
1642.  tion,  in  fo  much,  as  I  conceive,  we  might  have  main- 
~  tained  the  Place  ftill,  if  we  had  been  furnijhed  with 
pow^er  and  Shot ;  but  having  fpent  in  a  Manner  all  our 
whole  Store  of  Bullet ,  Match,  and  Powder,  I  advi- 
fed  with  the  Commanders,  and,  by  general  Confent,  it 
was  thought  Jit  to  rife  with  our  Forces,  and  to  march  to 
Cawood  and  Selby,  to  fecure  thofe  Places  ;  and  there 
to  receive  Supplies  of  Ammunition  and  Men  :  This 
was  accordingly  done,  and  now  I  am  at  Selby  with 
Part  of  the  Army,  and  the  rejl  with  Capt.  Hotham, 
at  Cawood. 

Ye/ierday  I  fent  my  Son,  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax, 
with  Jive  Companies  of  Foot,  and  two  Troops  of  Horfe 
to  Leeds  ;  intending  he  /hould  continue  there  to  fecure 
that  Place,  and  the  other  Clothing  Towns,  againft  the 
Earl  of  Newcaftle'j  Forces,  if  it  were  poffible ;  but 
the  Enemy's  Forces  were  laid  fojirong  in  the  Way,  as 
te  could  nut  fafs,  fo  he  only  beat  up  a  Quarter  of  the 
Enemies  in  a  fmall  Village,  took  five  Prifoners,  and 
retreated  to  Selby. 

This  Letter  was  ordered,  by  both  Houfes,  to  be 
printed  :  And  it  is  highly  probable  that  no  more  of 
it  was  then  thought  proper  to  be  laid  before  the  Pub- 
lic, becaufe  in  Rujhworth's  Collections  all  the  follow- 
ing Paragraphs  are  left  out,  but  are  here  fupplied 
from  the  Lords  Journals. 

Thus,  my  Lord,  I  have  briefly  reprefented  the  Con- 
dition of  the  Army  at  prefent ;  which,  1  muft  confefs, 
I  fear  will  very  fuddenly  grow  worfe,  if  not  utterly 
Iroken  up  ;  and  that  efpecially  for  want  of  Money,  I 
having  not  above  a  Week's  Pay  provided  before-hand, 
and  no  vifible  Means  left  to  raife  Maintenance  for 
them,  unlefs  I  Jhould give  the  Soldiers  free  Quarters 
upon  the  Country  :  A  Cure,  in  my  Conceit,  as  dange- 
rous as  the  Difeafe,  and  peradventure  not  pojftble  fa 
be  effected  if  the  Enemy  be  Jlill  Majlers  of  the  Field, 
and  cut  off"  our  Men  as  they  go  abroad  to  levy  Sufe- 
nance ;  which  they  may  do,  and  yet  not  able  to  beat  up 
our  Quarters. 


ty   ENGLAND.        97 

/  have  hitherto  fupported  this  Army  by  the  Loans  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
and  Contributions,  for  tht  moji  Part,  of  the  Pari/hts        ****• 
of  Leeds,  Halifax,  and  Bradford,  and  fame  of  the    December. 
fmall  Cloathing  Towns  adjacent ;  being  the  only  well- 
affected  People  in  the  Country;  who,  I  much  fear,  may 
fuffer  by  this  Popijh  Army  of  the  North,  meerly  for 
their  good  Affection  to  Religion  and  the  Public  Liberty. 
Of  the  rejt  of  the  Country  I  was  not  able  to  draw  any 
confiderable  Help,  the  Enemy  having  Garrifons  in  Jo 
many  Places,   who  threaten  to  ruin  any  that  Jhould 
ajft/l  the  Parliament  and  their  Caufe  with  Money  ,  or 
other  Helps. 

My  Lord,  in  Sum,  the  State  of  the  Country  is  thus  : 
The  Enemy  is  mighty,  and  Majler  of  the  Field,  plen- 
tifully fupplied  from  his  Majejly,  and  the  Popijh  and 
Malignant  Party,  with  Monies  and  all  other  Necef- 
faries.  The  -well- offered  Party,  as  now  it  is  divided, 
not  confiderable  ;  the'-Aid  from  Lincolnshire,  Derby- 
fhire,  and  other  Counties,  very  uncertain  ;  the  Want 
of  Money  here  fuch  as  will  force  us  to  dijband  within 
ten  Days.  If  the  Enemy  become  once  abfolute  Majler  s 
6f  Yorkshire,  they  will  force  Contributions  and  Suc- 
cours from  the  Country,  which  will  raife  a  very  for- 
midable Army,  and  put  the  whole  Caufe  in  Peril,  if 
God  do  not  miraculotijly  defend  it. 

I  befeech  their  Lordjhips  ferioujly  to  conjider  of  it, 
and  fend  fuch  fpeedy  Supplies  of  Men  and  Money,  a: 
may  enable  me  to  go  forward  in  the  Service  j  which  I 
/hall  not  fail  to  do  with  a  conjlant  Fidelity. 

Their  Lord/hips  have,  heretofore,  ajjigned  20OO  /. 
for  our  Succour ;  but  the  moft  Part  tf  it  is  Jiill  at 
London,  where  it  lies  for  want  of  Exchange  or  Con- 
voy :  And  therefore  what  /hall  now  be  fent  muji  come 
either  by  fufficient  Convoy  of  Forces  by  Land,  or  elft 
by  Sea  to  Hull,  and  fo  hither  to  me.  The  Scots  Of- 
ficers came  hither  Tejterday ;  but  now  we  are  fo  (Ira li- 
ned that  we  have  no  Men  to  refort  to  us  to  put  under 
their  Command,  nor  have  we  any  Money  to  pay  them. 

The  further  Relation  of  thefe  Affairs  I  leave  to 
Capt.  Hatcher,  who  follows  thefe  Letters  purpofely  to 
give  true  Relation  to  the  Houfe  of  thefe  Affairs ;  he 
hath  been  an  Eye-Witncfs  to  moft  of  the  Paffages  in 

VOL.  XII.  G  this 


The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 
from  the  firft  °f  raiflns 

^     bis  farther  ExpreJJlon  tjbatt  leave  it,  with  this  Addl- 
December.     *'on  on^t  That  if  the  Country  or  Caufe  fuffer,  their 
Lordjhips  will  difcern,  by  this  Relation,  in  whom  the 
Fault  hath  been,  and  impute  it  accordingly  ;  for  no- 
thing hath  been  omitted,  pojjible  to  be  ejfefted,  by 
Your  Lordfhip's  moft  faithful 
Dated  Decanter  TO,  an(j  humble  Servant, 

1642,  from  Seley. 

FERD.  FAIRFAX. 

Some  Votes  were  alfo  fent  up,  this  Day,  from  the 
Commons,  and  agreed  to  by  the  Lords ;  amongft 
which  was  one  for  fecuring  all  Popifh  Lords,  and 
others  of  Quality,  within  the  Cities  of  London,  JVeJl- 
minjler,  and  Southward;  and  for  effectually  and 
fpeedily  fequeftring  their  Eftates,  Offices,  iff.  to- 
wards the  Advancement  of  Money  for  the  Army. 

Another,  That  the  Earl  of  Warwick,  and  other 
Commiffioners  of  the  Admiralty,  fliould  take  Care 
to  fend  fome  Ships  to  ride  upon  the  Northern  Coafts, 
to  prevent  the  Arrival  of  any  Forces  or  Ammuni- 
tion from  Holland  or  elfewhere ;  the  Parliament 
having  then  received  frefh  Intelligence  of  fuch  be- 
ing ready  to  embark  from  thofe  Parts. 

It  was  ordered,  alfo,  That  if  any  Colonel,  Cap- 
tain, or  other  Officers  of  Scotland,  fliould  bring  into 
'England  any  Forces  of  Horfe  or  Foot,  by  Contrail 
of  their  Agents  there,  to  oppofe  the  Army  of  Pa- 
pifts  and  their  Adherents  now  raifed,  they  fhould 
be  entertained. 

December  17.  There  had  been  fome  Time  can- 
vaffing,  in  both  Houfes,  certain  Articles,  as  Pro- 
pofitions  for  a  Peace,  to  be  prefented  to  the  King ; 
and,  this  Day,  the  remaining  Part  of  them  was  de- 
bated in  the  Houfe  of  Lords  ;  but  the  farther  Con- 
federation thereof  deferred  to  the  igth. 

Some  Prifoners  having  been  taken  at  Brentford, 
Marlborougb,  and  elfewhere,  the  King  now  refol- 
ved  to  proceed  agajnft  them  in  a  legal  Way,  for 

High 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        99 

High  Treafon.     The  famous  Col.  John  Lilburnt*'  18.  Car.  I. 
was  one  of  the  firft  brought  to  the  Bar,  at  Oxford,    ^J     '•' 
before  Judge  Heath;  and  was  indicted  for  adhial     5^22^;' 
levying  War  againft  the  King,  by  the  Name  of 
John   Lilburn,    Yeoman.     He   demurred  to   this 
Indiament,  on  account  of  his  being  a  Gentleman,  CoLIifli»»ffifr. 

•         T-       -i     •       i.     T»-/i-        -I      r    r\      7  having  been  con- 

of  an  antient  Family  in  the  Bifhopnclc  of  Durham  ;  ,&£  ^Oxford, 
the  Record  being  therefore  amended,  he  pleaded,  for  High  Trea- 
That  what  he  did  was  in  his  own  Defence,  and  byfon> 
Command  of  Parliament  ;  and  that  he  never  had, 
nor  ever  would  bear  Arms  againft  the  King,  &c. 
He  and  others  were  found  guilty  ;  but,  to  prevent 
the  Execution  of  them,  the  Parliament  threatened 
the  Lex  Talionisj  and  publiflied  a  Declaration  in 
this  Form: 


'  TT  T 
*    V  V 


Hereas  Information  hath  been  given  to  TO  prevent  their 
tne  Lords  and  Commons  aflembled   in  Execution  the 


«  Parliament,  That  Clifton  Cate/by,  John 

'  and  Robert  Fivers  ,  Captains  in  the  Army, 

'  by  Authority  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  for  the 

*  necefTary  Defence  of  the  true  Proteftant  Religion, 

*  the  King,  Parliament,  and  Kingdom,  under  the 
«  Command  of  Robert  Earl  of  EJftx,  Captain-Ge- 

*  neral  thereof,  were  taken  Prifoners  by  the  Forces 

*  raifed  againft  the  Parliament,  in  executing  their 
'  feveral  Duties  and  Services,  according  to  the  Or- 
'  dinances  of  both  the  faid  Houfes,  and  after  carried 

*  Prifoners  to  Oxford  Gozl;  and,  having  been  moft 

*  barbaroufly  ufed,  are  now  queftioned  and  proceed- 

*  ed  againft  by  way  of  Indidment,  before  Sir  Ro- 
'  bert  Heath,  Knight,  one   of  his  Majefty's  Jufti- 

*  ces  of  the  King's  Bench,  and  others,  by  Colour 
'  of  fome  Commiffion  or  other  Authority  from  his 

*  Majefty,  for  High  Treafon  and  other  fuppofed 
'  Mifdemeanors  ;  whereas   many  have  been  taken 

*  Prifoners  by  the  Parliament's  Forces,  in  the  Adi  of 

*  War  againft  the  Parliament  ;  which,  by  the  Laws 

*  and  Statutes  of  this  Realm,  is  Rebellion  and  High 

*  Treafon  againft  the  King  and  Kingdom,  and  the 
'  Actors  therein  Traitors  ;  and  yet  none  of.  them 

G  2  «  hath 


loo      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  18.  Car.  I.*  hath  hitherto  been  put    to  Death,  'or  otherwife 
164*.        <  feverely  dealt  with  by  the  Parliament: 

'  h  is  therefore  ordered  and  declared  by  the  faid 

*  Lords  and  Commons,  That  all  fuch  Indictments 

*  and  other  Proceedings  againft  the  faid  Capt.  Catef- 
'  by,  Capt.  Lilburn,  and  Capt.   Fivers,  or  againft 
'  Capt.  Wmgate,  who  have  done  faithful  and  good 
8  Service  to  the  Commonwealth ;  or  againft  any 

*  other  Perfon,  or  Perfons,  who  have  done,  or  (hall 

*  do,  Service  in  the  faid  Army ;  or  for  the  Raiting 
'  of  any  Money,  Plate,  Horfe,  or  Arms,  for  the 
'  Maintenance  thereof;  or  otherwife  in  Execution 
'  of,  or  Purfuance  of,  an  Order  or  Ordinance  cf  both 
'  or  either  of  the  faid  Houfes  of  Parliament,  for  the 
'  Defence  of  the  Public  Safety,  are  unjuft  and  ille- 
'  gal ;  and  the  faid  Sir  Robert  Heath,  and  all  other 
'  Commiflioners,    Juftices,    Sheriffs,    Jurors,    and 

*  other  Officers  and  Minifters  of  Juftice,  and  other 
'  Perfons  whatfoever,  are  hereby  required  and  in- 

*  joined  to  furceafe  any  further  Proceeding  againft 

*  the  faid  Perfons  before-named,  or  any  other,  for 
'  any  the  Caufes  aforefaid,  upon  the  faid  Indicl- 

*  ments  or  otherwife. 

*  And  the  faid  Lords  and  Commons  do  further 

*  declare,  That  if  the  faid  Perfons  before- named,  or 
<  any  of  them,  or  any  other,  {hall  be  put  to  Death, 
c  or  other  Hurt  or  Violence  offered  to  their  or  any 

*  of  their  Perfons,  for,  or  by  reafon  of,    any  fuch 
'  Service  done,  or  to  be  done,  by,  or  according  to 

*  any  Order  or  Ordinance  of  both  or  either  the  faid 
«  Houfes,  the  like  Punifhment  fhall  be  infliaed  by 

*  Death,  or  otherwife,  upon  fuch  Prifoners  as  have 

*  been,  or  fhall  be,  taken  by  the  Forces  raifed  by 

*  Authority  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament ;  and  if 

*  the  faid   Sir  Robert  Heath,  or   any  other  Com- 
'  miffioner,  Juftice,    Sheriff,  Juror,  or  other  Of- 
'  ficer,  or  Minifterof  Juftice,  or  other  Perfon,  {hall  do 
c  contrary  to  this  Ordinance  in  any  the  Prcmifies, 
'  they  and  every   of  them  for   fo   doing  fhall  be 

*  proceeded  againft,  and  dealt  with,  as  Enemies  to 

*  the  King  and  Kingdom.' 

December 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       101 

December  19.  The  Lords  went  again  on  the  An.  18.  Car.  I» 
Propofitions  for  Peace,  and  a  great  Debate  enfued 
thereupon.  The  third  Article,  concerning  Delin- 
quents,  was  read,  and  put  to  the  Queftion,  Whether 
the  Houfe  {hall  make  this  Propofition  to  the  King, 
That  All  which  are  impeached  by  the  Houfe  of 
Commons,  at  this  Time,  fhall  be  left  to  take  their 
Trial  by  Parliament?  Itpafled  in  the  Negative. 

On  the  fame  Day  the  City  of  London,  by  an 
Order  of  Common  Council,  prefemed  a  Petition 
to  the  Houfe  of  Lords  and  Commons,  in  which 
was  inclofed  another  to  his  Majefty  ;  which,  after 
their  Approbation,  they  defined  might  be  conveved 
to  him.  At  the  fame  Time  was  prefented  another 
Petition  from  many  Citizens  and  Inhabitants  of  that 
City.  Both  thefe  were  for  Peace  and  a  fpeedy 
Agreement:  Upon  the  former  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons pafled  two  Votes,  to  which  the  Lords  con- 
iented ,  declaring  their  great  Approbation  thereof,  and 
that  it  was  fit  this  Petition  to  the  King  {hould  be  pre- 
fented to  him.  The  other  met  with  a  quite  differ- 
ent Reception.  From  the  Fate  of  thefe  two  Peti- 
tions the  Reader  will  be  enabled  to  form  a  Judgment 
of  the  Temper  and  Difpolition  of  the  Parliament. 
Neither  of  them  are  mentioned  in  the  Collections  of 
the  Times  ;  but  we  meet  with  a  Copy  of  the  latter 
in  the  Lords  Journals. 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lords  and  Commons 
aflembled  in  Parliament, 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  divers  Citizens, 
Inhabitants  of  the  City  of  London  and  Liberties 
thereof,  with  the  Inhabitants  of  the  Borough  of 
Southwark  and  Places  adjacent, 

Sheweth, 

CT'H  AT  the  prefent  Senfe  of  our  Miferies,  and  the  A.  Petition  from 
•*-     Apprehenfton  of  the  inevitable  Ruin  both,  of  /^feveral  Citizens 
Church  and  Commonwealth^  make  us  become  Suit  on  S, ,   ,°     " t0/  e 
to  this  Honourable  Affembly,  the  likeliefl  Means,  under peace; 
God,  for  our  Relief;  to  confider  our  diftrejfed  Eftate^ 
and  provide  a  fpeedy  Remedy  for  our  prejent  and  fu- 
G  3  ture 


102      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

i.  if.  Car.  I.  ture  Evils -,  earnejlly  to  defire  you  to  weigh  the  Care 
and  Judgment  of  your  Predecejfors ;  who,  by  a  known 
Law,  Jettled  and  preferred  our  Protejiant  Religion, 
our  Liberties  and  Properties,  with  a  right  Underjiand- 
ing  between  King  and  SubjecJ,  which  produced  Peace 
and  Plenty  in  our  Ejlates ;  and  to  reflect,  with  Je- 
rious  Thoughts,  upon  our  prefent  Diftempers,  viola- 
ting Religion  by  Papi/ts  and  Seffanes,  engaging  our 
Nation  in  a  civil  and  deflruSliv^e  War,  invading  our 
Laws  and  Liberties,  endangering  all  our  Lives,  and 
utterly  difabliitg  us  to  relieve  our  dijlrejfed  Brethren 
in  Ireland. 

We  befeecb  you  Hkewife  to  confider  the  Effetts  of  a 
Civil  War,  as  the  DeJlruElion  of  Chrijiians,  and  the 
unnatural  Effufion  of  Blood ;  Fathers  again/I  Sons  ; 
Brothers  by  Brothers,  Friends  by  Friends,  /lain  ; 
then  Famine  and  Sicknefs,  the  Followers  of  a  conti- 
nued War,  making  Way  for  a  general  Confufion  and 
Invafeon  by  a  foreign  Nation  ;  whilft  our  Treafure  is 
exhaujled,  our  Trade  loft,  and  the  Kingdom  difpeopled : 
Tbefe  Things,  weighed  and  enlarged  by  your  Wijdoms, 
we  doubt  not  will  be  as  ftrong  a  Motive  in  you  to  labour, 
as  in  us  to  defire,  a  fpeedy  Peace  and  happy  Accommo- 
dation. 

JPTierefore  we  humbly  crave  that,  not  lending  Ear 
to  any  the  Fomenters  of  the  prefent  War,  under 
what  Pretence  foever ;  or  remembering  ought 
that  may  increaje  Jealoufies  or  continue  I)ivifions 
between  his  Majejly  and  the  Houfes  of  Parlia- 
ment ;  you  will  tender  his  Majejly,  according  to 
bis  Royal  Intimations,  fuch  Prspojitions  f;r  Ac- 
commodation as  he  may,  with  Honour  and  Safety 
to  the  whole  Kingdom,  accept ;  for  the  effecting 
whereof  wejhall  be  ready  to  ajfift  you  with  the 
left  and  utmojl  of  our  Abilities  ;  and,  whil/1  you 
endeavour  for  Peace,  we  Jkall  fend  up  our 
Prayers  to  Heaven  for  the  BleJJing  of  Peace  up~ 
en  you  and  all  that  defire  it. 

The  Petitioners  withdrew,  and  the  Houfe  took 
into  Confideration  what  Anfwer  to  give  to  their 
Petition  3  and,  after  Debate,  the  Gentleman- Ufher 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       103 

was  commanded  to  let  thofe  that  brought  this  Peti-  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
tion  know,  That  their  Lordfliips  have  received  a         l64*« 
Complaint  againft  this  Petition  from  the  Houfe  of    v— " "v— «J 
Commons,  and  will'take  the  fame  into  Confidera-        ecember« 
tion  :  And  a  Committee  was  appointed  to  confider  wh ich  •  y. 
of,  and  to  take  Examinations  about,  the  managing  ceived  by  them, 
and  procuring  of  this  Petition. 

The  Lord   Mayor,    Aldermen,    and  Common  And  protefted 
Council  of  the  City,  upon  prefenting  their  own  Pe-  againft  by  the 
tition  to  the  Commons,  protefted  againft  this  latter,  L°rdMay«rp®^ 
faying,  They  had  damned  it  by  a  public  Aft ;  and 
did  defire  that  when  hereafter  any  Petition  came  to 
Parliament,  in  the  Name  of  the  City  of  London^ 
and  was  not  attefted  by  the  Hand  of  the  Town- 
Clerk,  it  might  be  rejected,  and  not  efteemed  as  a 
Petition  from  their  City. 

Dec.  20.  Although  a  Vote  had  pa/Ted  the  Day 
before  concerning  Delinquents,  That  they  were  not 
All  to  be  included  in  their  defigned  Propofitions  to 
the  King  for  Peace,  the  Houfe  of  Commons  had  got 
that  Order,  in  fome  Meafure,  over-ruled  :  For  tho* 
a  Committee  of  Lords  had  been  appointed  to  confi- 
der of  the  naming  of  fuch  Delinquents  as  were  to 
be  excepted  out  of  their  A&  of  Grace,  who  this  Day 
brought  in  their  Opinion,  That  thofe  only  who  had  The  Lords  re- 
been  impeached  before  the  firftof  Januaryh^^  fhould  folve  to  except 

be  proceeded  againft  in  Parliament ;   yet  the  Lord  ^Delinquents 
T-,-   /  -II        L         i     i       i      i  i  '       •  i      "om  Tn:"  by 

Digby,  particularly,  though  he  had  been  impeach-  parliament, 

ed  fmce  that  Time,  was  left  to  the  Judgment  of 
Parliament. 

Then  the  Committee  proceeded  to  name  fuch 
Perfons  as  were  fit  to  be  removed  from  the  King  ; 
as,  the  Marquis  of  Hertford  to  lofe  his  Office  about 
the  Prince  ;  the  Earl  of  Hrijlol,  the  Lord  Herbert 
of  Ragland,  (eldeft  Son  of  the  Earl  of  IVorcefter} 
Mr.  Piercy^  Mr.  Jermyn,  and  Mr.  IViimot^  to  be 
removed  from  Court.  And,  as  the  "Journal  fays, 
after  a  long  Debate,  the  following  Queftion  was 
put :  '  Thofe  that  are  of  Opinion  to  agree  with  the 
Committee,  That,  at  this  Time,  fuch  as  the  Com- 
mittee have  named  to  be  impeached  by  the  Houfe 

of 


104    2fo  Parliamentary  &ISTORV 

An.  iS.  Car.  I.  of  Commons,  (hould  be  left  to  the  Trial  of  Pariia- 

1641.        merit,  omitting  the  reft  of  thofe  which  are  impeach- 

^-— v— — '    ed,  fay  Content ;  and  it  palled  affirmatively.'  On 

December.     wh;cn  the  following  Lords  entered  their  Diffent ; 

and,  after  repeating  the  two  laft  Queftions  of  Ye- 

fterday  and  To-day,   carried  againft  them,  they 

proceeded  to  fay, 

AFroteftenterM'  T  T  7"E,  whofe Names  are  fubfcribed,  do  conceive 

thereupon,         <     yy      that  the  Demanding,  by  this  Houfe,  of 

'  fome  to  be  left  to  Juftice,  and  leaving  out  of  others, 

«  who  are  under  the  like  Impeachment  of  High 

«  Treafon,  and  have  been,  by  Force  of  Arms,  pro- 

<  teemed  from  being  brought  to  a  Trial  in  the  higheil 
'  Court  of  Judicature,  is  an  Example  of  very  ill  Con- 

*  fequence  :  Becaufe  we  conceive  that  it  is  not  pro- 
'  per  for  this  Houfe  to  move  the  Houfe  of  Com- 

*  mons,  in  the  Stopping  of  their  Proceedings  upon 
'  Impeachments ;  and  that  it  doth  not  only  give 

*  Encouragement  to  a  King  to  attempt  the  like  Stop- 
«  page  of  Juftice  by  Force,  and,  from  this  Piece- 
'  dent,  to  ftand  upon  the  Protecting  of  Perfons  im- 

4  peached  j  but  to  Subjects  alfo,  who  may  be  in* 
«  duced  to  undertake  any  Thing  in  Hopes  of  Im- 
«  punity,    even  from  the   Defues  of  this  Houfe  ; 
«  which  hath  not  demanded  any  one  of  thofe  to  be 
'  left  to  Trial,  who,  fmce  his  Majefty's  Going  to 
«  York,  have  been  impeached  of  High  Treafon,  for 

<  actual  levying  War  againft  the  King  and  King- 
f  dom. 

«  Upon  thefe,  amongft  other  Reafons,  we  have 

5  demanded  our  Right  of  Proteftation  ;  and  do  now 
«  accordingly  enter  it,  to  clear  ourfelves  from  any 

*  Inconveniences  that  may  follow  from  thefe  Votes  } 
'  which  are,   in  our  Opinion,  very  prejudicial  to 
'  the  Privileges  of  Parliament  and  the  Liberty  of  the 
«  Subjea.' 

WARWICK.  BOLINGBROKE. 

PETERBOROUGH.       WJLLOUGHBY  of  Par- 
MANCHESTER.  ham. 

SAY  and  SELE.          BROOKE. 
WHARTON.  GREY  dt  Werk. 

Next 


Of   ENGLAND.        105 

Next  was  read  the  Whole  of  the  Proportions  for  An.  iS.  Car,  J. 
Peace,  which  were  agreed  on  by  the  Lords,  and  or- 
dered to  be  fent  down  to  the  Commons  ;  but,  as  *~£^~^* 
they  laid  a  long  Time  in  that  Houfe,  being  not 
preiented  to  the  King  till  above  a  Month  after  this, 
and  were  alfo  much  altered  from  this  Copy,  it  can- 
not be  amifs  to  give  it  here,  and  poftpone  the  other 
to  its  proper  Place.  By  this  Means  may  be  evi- 
dently feen,  That  the  Lords  were  much  more  in- 
clined to  an  Agreement  than  the  Commons,  by  the 
Softnefs  of  thefe  Propofitions,  and  the  Harflmefs 
of  the  other. 

The  faid  Propofitions  were  as  follow  : 

*  X7~OUR  Majefty's  moft  humble  and  faithful  The  Propofiuon. 
c    JL     Subjects,  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  Par-  to  the  King  for 
4  liament  afTembled,  having  always  in  their  Thoughts  Pea.ce'  "  J**n 

c     L     /"««  r  /-»    j  \/t   '    n.   >     tT  .  up  by  the  Houfc 

c  the  (jlory  of  God,  your  Majefty  s  Honour,  and0f  Lords. 
c  the  Profperity  of  your  People ;  and  being  moft 

*  defirous  to  put  an  End  to  thefe  Miferies  which 
4  now  infect,  and  further  threaten,  a  Defolation  of 
4  this  Kingdom  if  not  timely  prevented ;  and  that 

*  they  may  provide  for  the  Safety  of  your  Majefty's 
'  Royal  Peifon,  and  for  the  Defence  of  your  loyal 
-'  Subjects,  againft  all  fuch  as  would,  in  their  Mind, 
'  dtftroy  the  Worfhip  of  God  in  his  true  Religion, 
4  the  Laws  of  this  Land,  and  the  Rights  and  Privi- 
'  leges  of  Parliament ;  and  alfo  to  fettle  fuch  Way 
6  for  the  future,  as  the  like  or  other  Diffractions  and 

*  Diftempers  may  not  again  break  forth,  do  moft 
4  humbly  befeech  your  Majefty  to  accept  of  and 
4  grant  thefe  their  moft  humble  Defires  and  Propo- 
c  fitions,  as  the  moft  neceflary  and  effectual  Means 
'  thereunto,  through  God's  Bleiung ;  and  that  there- 
4  by  your  Majefty  may  live  in  as  great  Honour  as 
'  any  of  your  Royal  Anceftors  have  done,  and  be 

*  as  formidable  to  your  Enemies  as  any  of  your 
4  Predeceflbrs  have  been  j  and  that  your  Subjects, 
4  with  Peace  and  Plenty,  may,  with  Gladnefs  of 
4  Heart,  perform  their  Duties  to  God  and  your  Ma- 

4  jefty, 


106        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.Car,  i.' jefty,  and  enjoy  their  juft  Liberties  under  your 

1642.        '  moid  gracious  Prote&ion. 

''">'•"'-'  '  That  your  Majefty  will  be  pleafed  to  give  the 
'  Royal  Aflent  unto  the  Bill  for  taking  away  fuper- 
c  ftitious  Innovations, 

'  To  the  Bill  againft  fcandalous  Minifters, 
«  To  the  Bill  againft  Pluralities, 
'  To  the  Bill  for  a  Confultation  to  be  had  with 
'  godly,  religious,  and  learned  Divines :  And 

I.  *  That  your  Majefty  would  be  pleafed  to  pro- 
e  mife  to  pafs  fuch  other  "good  Bills,  for  fettling  of 

*  the  Church  Government,  as,  upon  Confultation 
'  with  the  AfTembly  of  the  faid  Divines,  fhall  be 

*  refoked  on  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and, 
'  by  them,    to  be  prefented  unto  your   Majefty : 

*  And  that  your  Majefty  will  confirm  the  Decla- 

*  ration,  pafled  in  both  Houfes,  for  the  taking  away 

*  of  Bifhops,  Deans  and  Chapters ;  and  that  fuch 

*  unneceflary  Ceremonies,  as  are  oftenfive  to  tender 
'  Confciences,  may  not  be  preflcd  upon  your  Maje- 
'  fty's  good  Subjects,  as  hath  already  been  gracioufly 
'  promifed  by  your  Majefty. 

II.  *  That  the  Rights,  Liberties,  and  Privileges 
'  of  Parliament   may  be  no  ways  infringed,    but 

*  maintained. 

III.  '  That  fuch  as  have  been  impeached  by  the 

*  Houfe  of  Commons,  before  the  firft  Day  of  Ja- 
'  nuary,   164.1,  and  likewife  the  Lord  Digby,  fhall 

*  be  left  to  their  due  Trial  in  Parliament ;  that  the 

*  Marquis  of  Hertford  may  be  removed  from  his 
4  Charge  about  the  Prince  ;  the  Earl  of  Briftol^  the 
'  Lord  Herbert  of  Rag/and,  Mr.  Piercy,  Mr.  Jer- 

*  myHf  and  Mr.  Wilmot^  may  be  removed  from  the 
'  Verge  of  the  Court. 

IV.  *  That  your  Majefty  will  be  pleafed  to  pafs 
'  an  A&  in  fuch  Manner,  as  ma-y  vindicate  and  fe- 
'  cure  the  Privilege  of  Parliament  from  the  ill  Con- 

*  fequences  of  the  late  Precedent,  in  the  Charge  and 
«  Proceeding  againft  the  Lord  Kimbolton,  now  Earl 
<  of  Manckejter^  and  the  five  Members  of  the  Houfe 
'  of  Commons. 

V.  *  That 


Of    ENGLAND       107 

V.  '  That  your  Majefty,  upon  the  humble  Pe-An.  18.  Car.  I. 
«  tition  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  will  be  pleafed 

*  to  grant  your  Letters  Patent  to  to 
«  be  Chief  Juftice  of  your  Court  of  King's  Bench  ; 
c  to  the  Lord  Chief  Juftice  Banks ,  to  be  continued 

*  to  be  Chief  Juftice  of  your  Court  of  Common 
«  Pleas  ;  to  Mr.  Juftice  Fofter,  to  be  Chief  Baron  of 
'  your  Court  of  Exchequer;  and  that  Mr.  Juftice 
«  Reeve  may  be  continued  one  of  the  Judges  in  the 
'  Court  of  Common  Pleas  ;  to  Mr.  Juftice  Bacon, 

*  to  be  continued  one  of  the  Judges  in  your  Court  of 

*  King's  Bench ;  to  Mr.  Serjeant  Wylde,  to  be  one 

*  of  the  Judges  of  your  Court  of  King's  Bench  j  to 
4  Mr.  Serjeant  Roll,  to  be  one  of  the  Judges  of 

*  your  Court  of  King's  Bench ;    to  Mr.   Serjeant 
«  Pheafant,  to  be  one  of  the  Judges  of  your  Court  of 

*  Common  Pleas ;  to  Mr.  Serjeant  Atkins,  to  be  one 
4  of  the  Judges  of  your  Court  of  Common  Pleas  ; 
'  to  Mr.  Serjeant  Crefwell,  to  be  one  of  the  Barons 
c  of  the  Court  of  Exchequer ;   to  Mr.  Samuel  Brown 

*  and  Mr.  John  Pule/ion,  to  be  two  of  the  Barons 

*  of  your  Court  of  Exchequer ;  and  that  all  of  them 
«  may  hold  their  Places  quamdiu  fe  bene  gefferlnt. 

VI.  *  That  fuch  Juftices  of  the  Peace,  that  have 

*  been  lately  out  of  the  Commiffion  of  the  Peace  in 
c  the  feveral  Counties  of  England  and  Wales,  may 
'  be  reftored  ;  and  that  the  Lord -Keeper  may  be 

*  commanded  to  revoke  the  Commiflion  and  omit 

*  fuch  as  are  unfit  for  that  Government. 

VII.  *  That  your  Majefty's  Royal  Aflent  may 

*  be  given  unto  fuch  A&s,  as  (hall  be  advifed  by 

*  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  for  the  fatisfying  and 
'  paying  of  the  Debts  wherein  the  Kingdom  now 

*  ftands  engaged. 

VIII.  «  That  all  Adls  of  the  Council-Table,  that 
'  do  concern  Government,  may  be  attefted  under 
'  the  Hands  of  thofe  who  give  the  Advice. 

IX.  '  That  an  Act  of  Oblivion  may  pafs  for  all 
'  Crimes  and  Offences  committed,  or  pretended  to 

*  be  committed,  excepting  the  Perfons  defired  to  be 

*  brought  to  their  Trial  in  Parliament. 

X.  •  That 


lo8       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.     X.  *  That  your  Majefty's  general  Pardon  may 
'  be  granted  to  all,  excepting  fuch  as  before-named. 
December^  *  ^  *s  num^'y  defired  that  your  Majerty  will 

declare  your  Pleafure,  whether  you  will  not  have 
a  CefTation  from  all  Manner  of  Acls  of  Hoftility 
for  fourteen  Days  ;  the  Ceffation  to  commence 
from  fuch  a  Time  as  (hall  be  agreed  on  by  your 
Majefty  and  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament. 
XII.  «  That  the  Laws  againft  Popifli  Recufants 

*  may  be  put  in  due  Execution.' 

Dec.  22.  Petitions  came  up  from  different  Parts 
of  the  Kingdom  to  the  Lords,  all  crying  loudly  for 
Peace.  To  which  the  Lords  returned  this  Anfwer  : 

*  That  they  approved  of  their  Defires  for  Peace  and 
Agreement  between  the  King  and  Parliament,  which 
was  always  defired  and  endeavoured  by  that  Houfe  ; 
and  that  they  were  then  about  it,  and  hoped  for  good 
Succefs,' 

The  fame  Day  a  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Stam- 
ford was  read,  giving  an  Account  of  the  Surrender 
of  Briftol  to  the  Parliament ;  and  that  he  was  raifmg 
a  very  confiderable  Number  of  Forces  in  thole 
Parts. 

Nothing  elfe  material  occurs  in  the  Journals,  till 
the  laft  Day  of  this  Month  ;  when  a  new  Subfcrip- 
tion,  for  the  further  Maintenance  of  the  Army,  feems 
to  be  warmly  promoted  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords  :  And 
the  Peers  under-written  iubfcribed  their  Names  and 
Sums,  as  follow : 

A  Subfcription  Earl  of  Warwick — 500     Ld.  Vifc.  &?yand  Sele  100 

in  the  Houfe_of£ari0f  Mancbejler  300     Lord   Brooke    2CO 

tenance °of  the" ^-arl  °f  Bolingbroke  20O     Lord  Fielding  500 

Parliament'sAr- 

"y-  It  was  ordered,  alfo,  That  the  Speaker  of  that 

Houfe  fhould  move,  on  the  firft  of  "January  next,  to 
know  the  Anfwer  of  thofe  Lords  who  have  not  fub- 
fcribt-d  to  the  Maintenance  of  the  Army,  as  well  as 
the  Affiftants  alfo  attending  that  Houfe, 

That 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       109 

That  the  Parliament  was  driven  to  great  Straits  An.  18.  Car.t, 
for  want  of  Money  at  this  Time,  is  alfo  evident  .J^"— '  _j 
from  a  MefTage  fent  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  this     December. 
Day,  importing,  That  there  was  a  great  Neceffity 
for  Money,  and  that  the  City  of  London  was  wil- 
ling to  make  a  further  Subfcription,  if  the  Mem- 
bers of  Parliament  would   fet  a  good  Example  in 
that  Particular.     That   divers  Lords  had    already 
fubfcribed  to  this  Purpofe,  and  the  Speaker  was  or- 
dered to  know  the  Anfwers  of  thofe  who  had  not ; 
and  others  were  appointed  to  take  the  Subfcriptions 
of  the  Afliftants  this  Afternoon  ;  therefore  the  Com- 
mons were  defired  to  take  the  fame  Courfe  with  their 
Members,  that  it  might  be  recommended  with  all 
Expedition  to  the  City  of  London  to  do  the  like. 

Thus  ended  the  Calendar  Year  of  1642  ;  and  a 
very  bufy  Year  it  was,  both  in  refpedt  of  the  various 
Multiplicity  of  Parliamentary  Affairs,  or  rather 
Military  Affairs  tranfacted  in  Parliament,  and  the 
difmal  Apprehenfions  each  Party  in  the  Kingdom 
muft  be  in,  of  being  plundered,  burnt  out,  ruined, 
or  flain  by  the  other:  So  that  the  fafeft  Afylum  for 
any  fmgle  Perfon  was,  then,  a  Station  in  the  King's 
or  the  Parliament's  Army. 

All  the  Prifons,  in  and  about  London^  were  full 
of  Malignants  and  Delinquents,  as  they  were  then 
called  by  the  Parliament ;  infomuch  that,  befides 
the  common  Prifons,  Windfor  Caftle,  London  Houfe, 
the  Lord  Petre's  Houfe  in  the  City,  the  Deanery  of 
St.  Paul's,  Ely  Houfe,  and  Lambeth  Houfe,  as  Win- 
chejier  Houfe  in  Southiuark  had  been  before,  were 
made  ufe  of  for  that  Purpofe. 

The  King  at  this  Time  kept  his  Court  at  Oxford^ 
his  Army  being  quartered  conveniently  in  the 
neighbouring  Towns,  this  Seafon  not  being  proper 
for  A&ion.  Hither  great  Numbers  of  both  Houfes 
of  Parliament  had  reforted  to  him  ;  infomuch  that, 
in  a  fhort  Time,  they  conftituted  a  Kind  of  feparate 
Houfe  of  Lords  and  Commons  of  themfelves ;  as 
will  be  (hewn  hereafter. — But  to  proceed  with  the 
'Journals. 


no     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.     January  2.  The  Earl  of  Northumberland,  from  a 
l6*1-       Committee  appointed  to  confider  of  a  Bill  to  fettle 
^~*    the  Militia,  reported   what  they   had  done  in  that 
Bufmefs.     Great   Difficulties    apearing   hereupon, 
A  new  Bill  pro-the  Lords  thought  fit  to  refpite  the  offering  any  Bill 
pofed  relating  tofor  that  Purpofe  till  the  King  (hould  return  to  Par- 
the  Militia,       foment;  but,  in  the  mean  Time,  to  make  ready  a  Bill 
which  fhould  declare,  That  the  King  fhould  not 
difpofe  of  the  Power  of  the  Militia  without  the  Par- 
liament, nor  the  Parliament  without  the  King;  that, 
to  prevent  all  Jealoufies,  both  Sides  might  have  an 
equal  Power. 

Jan.  3.  The  Scots  Commiffioners  prefented  two 
Memorials  to  Parliament,  complaining,  That  their 
Army  in  Ireland,  on  Englijh  Pay,  were  almoft  ftar- 
ved  for  want  of  it ;  and  that  40,000  /.  the  remaining 
Part  of  the  Brotherly  Afiiftance- Money,  tho'  long 
due,  was  yet  unpaid.  The  Parliament  excufed 
both  thefe  Negk&s ;  laid  the  Blame  on  the  Civil 
War  and  the  prefent  DiftracHons  of  the  Times  j 
but  promifed  as  fpeedy  a  Payment  as  poflible,  ac- 
cording to  that  Juftice  and  Honour  which  they 
owed  to  all  Men,  but  in  a  more  efpecial  and  affec- 
tionate Manner  to  their  Brethren  of  Scotland. 

Jan.  4.  The  Commons  fent  up  a  MeiTage  to  the 
Lords,  and  with  it  a  Letter  they  had  juft  received 
from  their  General,  the  Lord  Fairfax,  in  the  North  ; 
which  we  here  give  in  its  own  Words.  It  was  ad- 
drefs'd  to  one  of  their  Members : 

A  Letter  from    7 Have  of  late  addrejjed  fame  Relations  of  my  Pro- 

Lord  Fairfax    •*-   ceedings  here,  to  the  Committee  appointed  for  the 

KSinfs'of  Safet?  °ftbe  Ki"Zdom  >  beinZ  a/ured  that  they  ivould, 

the  two  Armies/ro>n  lime  to  Time,  impart  them   to   both  Houfes  of 

in  Yorkjbirt.      Parliament ;  thatfuch  Confederation  might  be  had  of 

them  as  the  NeceJJtty  of  the  Caufe  requires.     Now  I 

addrefs  this  Relation  to  you,  not  doubting  but  it  Jhall 

be  imparted  to  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  to  the 

Committee  for  the  Safety  of  the  Kingdom  ;   that   the 

Affairs  of  this  Country  being  known  to  them  all,  they 

may 


Of     ENGLAND.       in 

may  be  provided  for  as  their  Wifdoms  Jhall  fee  conve-  An,  18.  Car.  I. 
nient.  ^42. 

/  /foiv,  formerly,  advert  if ed  that  the  Earl  0/New-  UP  -^—»ij 
caftle'y  y/rwy  foy*  ^feizd  upon  Leeds,  where  they  Januar7« 
plundered  the  well-affetled  Party,  and  raifed  a  very 
great  Sum  of  Money  out  of  thofe  that  they  could  draw 
to  compound  for  their  Securities.  From  Leeds  they 
marched,  on  Sunday /&£  iSth  of  this  Month,  with 
Jive  Troops  of  Horfe,  Jix  Companies  of  Dragoons^ 
20O  Foot,  and  two  Drakes  of  the  Earl  e/'Newcaftler'.f 
Army ;  befedes  Sir  William  Savile,  and  divers  other 
Gentlemen  of  Yorkfhire  and  their  Forces,  that  join 'd 
themfelves  with  them.  They  came  to  Bradford  about 
Ten  o'clock  in  the  Morning,  intending  to  furprize 
the  Town  in  Time  of  Prayer ;  but  the  Town  having 
Scouts  abroad,  had  Notice  of  their  Coming,  and  gave 
the  Alarm  to  the  Country,  who  came  in  to  their  Suc- 
cour from  the  Parts  adjoining ;  yet  they  had  not  in  all 
above  80  Mujkets,  the  reft  being  armd  with  Clubs^ 
end  fuch  ruftick  Weapons,  with  which  fmall  Force 
they  put  the  Caufe  to  Trial  with  the  great  Strength 
of  the  Enemy ;  who  planted  their  Drakes9  and  dif- 
charged  each  of  them  f  event een  Times  upon  the  Town, 
untilla  Town's  Man,  with  a  Fowling-piece,  kiWdone 
cfthe  Cannoneers ;  and  then  they  all,  with  great  Ceu- 
rage,  ijjiied  from  the  Town  upon  the  Enemy,  killed 
many  of  them,  took  about  30  Prisoners,  and  forced  the 
reft  to  retreat,  leaving  40  of  their  Mujkets  and  a 
Barrel  of  their  Powder,  with  much  other  Provifonst 
behind  them ;  and  this  with  the  Lofs  of  but  three 
Bradford  Men. 

The  Report  of  the  Country  is,  That  the  Enemy, 
amongjl  thofe  that  were  tilled,  lojl  Col.  Evers,  Captain 
Bynns,  and  another  Commander  ;  that  Col.  Goring, 
General  of  the  Horfe,  with  the  Earl  of  Newcaftle, 
was  wounded ;  that  Serjeant -Major  Carr  is  taken 
Prifoner ;  and  it  is  generally  reported  that  150  more 
ran  away  upon  the  Retreat,  and  are  not  fince  return- 
ed to  Leeds. 

In  this  VitJory  the  Hand  and  Power  of  God  was 
mo/}  evident,  the  Town  being  open  sn  all  Sides,  and  of 
itjelf  not  being  defenfible\  ajjaulted  on  every  Side  by  a 

mali- 


112       tfht  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

'•  *  V Car<  *•  malicious  and  bloody  Enemy,  and  defended  by  a  few 
half-naked  Men  j  there  being  in  the  Town  not  above 

January.  8°  Mujkets  before  they  get  40  more  by  the  Spoils  of  the 
Enemy  :  So  that  the  Slaughter  was,  for  the  moj}  Part, 
•with  Clubs ',  and  Scythes  mounted  on  Poles,  when  they 
clos'd  and  came  to  Hand-Bioivs.  With  this  Defeat  the 
Enemies  are  fo  enraged,  that  they  threaten  utter  Ruin 
to  Bradford  ;  whereupon  the  Town's  Men  fcnt  to  me 
for  Succour  of  Men  and  Arms,  and  I  have  fent  my  Son, 
with  Sir  Henry  Foulis,  to  them  with  three  Troops  of 
Horfe  and  \  20  Dragooners<  Theje  arefafely  arrived 
there,  and  received  with  grtat  'Joy  and  Acclamation 
ef  the  Country,  who  jlock  to  him,  and  offer  themf elves 
mojl  willingly  to  ferve  again/?  the  Popijh  Enemies,  if 
Arms  could  be  furnijhed  to  them.  He  hath  already 
furprized  fame  Victuals  fent  in,  upon  Warrants,  to 
the  Enemy  at  Leeds,  by  the  over-awed  Country  ;  and 
he  hath  fent  Capt.  Mild  may  with  his  Troop  of  Horfe 
and  fame  Dragooners  into  Craven,  tojfop  the  raifmg 
ef  Money  and  Forces  in  that  Country  ;  which  is  at- 
tempted by  the  £tfr/c/"Cumberland,  who  is  lately  re- 
tired from  York  to  Skipton  ;  and  I  hope  he  will  leave 
nothing  unattempted  that  may  conduce  to  the  Safety  of 
the  Country,  fo  far  as  can  be  expefted  from  the  few 
Forces  be  hath  with  him. 

The  Earl  of  Newcaftle  proceeds  in  raifmg  Money + 
ly  all  the  illegal  and  opprejftve  Jf^ayi  that  can  be  devi- 
fed ;  and,  both  by  the  Commijjion  of  Array,  and  by 
Prejfes  made  in  the  Churches,  raifeth  all  the  Men  he 
can.  Ihis  being  attempted  in  Cleveland  by  certain 
of  the  difajfefied  Gentry,  their  Expectation  was  pre- 
vented; the  Refort  and  Appearance  of  the  People 
flopped,  and  the  CommiJJioners  themftlves  forced  to  yfy, 
by  Sir  Hugh  Cholmley,  to  whom  I  fent  fpecial  Or- 
der for  that  End.  J  hear  he  hath  alfo  been  at  Mai- 
ton,  and  there  furprized  both  the  Receiver  and  the 
Monies  raifed  out  of  the  Country  thereabouts,  by  thofe 
ff^arrants.  J  cannot  hear,  certainly,  what  Monies 
or  Men  the  Earl  of  Newcaftle  hath  raifed  fince  he 
came  into  this  Country ;  but  he  grants  Commijfions  to 
fundry  convift  Recufants  to  raife  Troops  of  Hcrje,  as, 
Sir  John  Middleton,  Sir  Walter  Vavafor,  Mr.  Tin- 
dale, 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        113 

dale,  and  others ;  w  ho,  I  hear,  are  now  raifing  their  An.  18.  Car.  I, 
Men  :  And  I  hear  daily  Complaints  of  horrible  Plun- 
ders and  Spoils  done  by  that  Army,  and  thofe  by  fpecial 
Order,  andinfuch  Manner,  as,  if  they  be  not  fpeedily 
reftrained,  and  this  Popijh  Army  expelled  the  Coun- 
try^ they  will  not  only  utterly  ruin  all  Trade  and  Com- 
merce ;  but  difcoura'ge  and  difable  all  Huftandry  j  and 
fo  bring  Poverty  and  Famine  upon  the  Land. 

Since  my  laft  Ejlimate  of  our  Forces,  there  is  little 
Alteration  of  them  ;  only  1 20  Dragooners  of  Sir  An- 
thony IrbyV  Regiment  are  come  hither,  which  I fent 
to  Bradford  with  my  Son.  Col.  Boynton,  with  his 
Regiment,  being  500  Foot  and  40  Horfe,  are  come 
hither  j  but  Captain  CromptonV  Dragooners,  as  he 
complains  to  me,  are  all  run  away ;  fo  I  have  given 
him  a  new  Commijfton  to  raife  a  Company.  For  any 
other  Supplies,  I  cannot  expeft  them  untillthe  Aids  come 
from  the  South  ;  for  Sir  Hugh  Cholmley,  as  I  hear, 
cannot  bring  1 30  Men  ;  and  thofe  are  fo  much  dejired 
to  be  retained  in  the  North- Riding,  to  interrupt 
the  raifing  of  Men  in  that  Country  in  Aid  of  the  Earl 
0/"Newcaftle,  as  I  do  not  prefs  his  March  this  Way* 
and  for  the  Lincolnfhire  Aids,  expected  to  be  fent 
us,  I  cannot  hope  for  any  from  them ;  having  this 
Day  received  a  Letter  by  Captain  Hatcher,  wherein 
the  Earl  of  Lincoln,  and  the  Committee  at  Lincoln, 
write  they  are  not  able  to  defend  themfelves  again/} 
500  Foot,  three  Troops  of  Dragooners,  and  two 
Troops  of  Horfe,  with  feven  Pieces  of  Ordnance,  fent 
to  Newark  by  the  Earl  o/Newcaftle  j  and  therefore 
dejire  Help  frcm  me. 

I  have  formerly  represented  to  the  Committee  the 
extreme  Want  of  Money  here,  and  how  impojjible  it  is 
to  raife  any,  the  Enemy  being  Majler  of  the  Field.  I 
have  fent  to  Sir  John  Hotham,  Sir  Edward  Rhodes, 
Sir  Hugh  Cholmley,  and  Capt.  Hotham ;  but  they 
all  alledge  great  Necejflities  of  their  own,  and  help  me 
with  none;  fo  that  I  am  put  upon  fuch  Straits^  as  fel- 
dom  happen,  to  retain  an  Army  together,  and  withall 
ferve  again/}  a  more  potent  Enemy  ;  having  neither 
Money  to  pay  them,  nor  free  Quarters  to  give  them. 
If  a  fpeedy  Supply  of  Money  do  not  comey  I  much  fear 

VOL.  XII.  H  the 


H4       tte  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Ctr.  I.  the  Soldiers  willfleal  away  and  defert  the  Service.     I 
1642.        have  }ujl  now  received  your  Letters,  fignifying  that 
U."— v""  "^  the  Houfe  hath  defigned  us  !O,oool.   to  be  presently 
January,     fat,  and  will  take  further  Care  for  all  Neceffarits ' 
to   be  fuppliei;  for   this,   1  befeech  you,  return  my 
bumble  Thanks,  and  ajjure  them  that  they  Jhall  want 
no  Care  nor  Fidelity  in  me  to  advance  the  Service, 
Jo  highly  concerning  the  Laws  and  Religion  of  thi 
Land. 

I  am  now  about  to  procure  Billets,  for  fourteen 
Days,  on  the  Inhabitants  of  the  Towns  where  I  quar- 
ter, and  to  engage  for  the  Payment  as  foon  as  the 
Money  comes  to  me.  Ail  this  I  befeech  you  to  repre- 
fent  to  the  Honourable  AJJembly,  whofe  Care  1  doubt 
not  but  will  fupply  all  our  Wants  now  reprefented; 
tfpecially  hajtening  dawn  the  Forces  of  the  Southern 
farts  with  the  Monies  intended  for  our  Supplies. 

It  is  advifed  by  the  Commanders  here,  net  to  fall 
upon  any  of  the  Enemy's  Barters  at  this  Time,  un- 
tillwe  are  granger,  or  have  certain  Intelligence  of  their 
ffleaknefs  ;  in  the  mean  Time  we  lie  Jlili  waiting  for 
Opportunities )  which  /hall  not  be  negleftcd,  if  once 
offtredunto 

Your  affe&ionate  Friend 

Silly,  Dec.  ag, 

164*-  and  Servant, 

FERD.    FAIRFAX. 

P.  S.  The  Enemy  hath  not  made  any  Attempt  upon 
our  Quarters  Jince  our  Remove  from  Xadcafter,  un- 
till  this  Morning ;  when  five  Troops  of  Horfe  and 
three  Companies  of  Dragooners  from  Sherburne,  fell 
upon  cur  Quarter  at  Bryton,  where  two  Companies 
of  our  Foot  and  one  Company  of  Horje  quartered.  They 
came  in  fo  faji  with  our  Scouts,  that  they  were  in  the 
Town  before  many  of  our  Men  could  be  drawn  out ; 
and  yet  the  mojl  Part  of  our  Ssldiers  carried  them- 
felves  with  fuch  Refilution,  as  they  forced  the  Enemy 
to  retreat  in  great  Confnfion,  and  took  three  of  them 
Prifoners ;  and  this  with  the  Lofs  but  of  one  Man  on 
our  Part, 

After 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        115 

After    the  reading  of  this  Letter,  an  Order  was  An.  18,  Car.  T, 

made  to  fend   the  Lord  Fairfax  a  Supply,  and  to       jfy-a- 

truft  to  his  known  Jaftice  and  faithful  Service  for  ^ t~*~7  ~~* 
the  due  Management  of  it. 

There  was  nothing  material  done  in  the  Houfe  An  Agreement  of 
of  Lords  forfome  Days  after  this,  except  an  Order  Neutrality  m 

n  •  ]     A  U-LLJL          Cbelbire,  quaflied 

maae  for  qualhing  an  Agreement  which  had  beenby-parj]ajnenu 
entered  into  by  both  Parties  in  Chefhire,  in  or- 
der to  keep  Peace  in  that  County  ;  it  being  urged, 
as  in  the  like  Cafe  before  in  Yorkjhlre,  which  we  have 
particularly  taken  Notice  of  in  our  laft  Volume, 
That  it  was  dangerous  to  the  whole  Kingdom  for 
one  County  to  ftand  neuter,  and  withdraw  itfelf 
from  the  Affiftance  of  the  reft. 

A  Declaration  was  alfo  made  and  agreed  to,  for  Means  for  raffing 
raifing  more  Money  by   a  frefh  Subfcription,  and  more  Money  for 
that  the  Speakers  of  both  Houfes  were  to  take  the^™3™*  *f 
Anfwers  of  the  Members,  &c.  of  each,  to  learn 
what  they  will  fubfcribe  for  the  Maintenance  of  the 
Army.     The  Lord  Mayor  of  London  was  likewife 
ordered  to  call  a  Common  Hall,  and  fome  Mem- 
bers of  both  Houfes  were  appointed  to  go  thitherj 
to  exhort  the  Citizens  to  do  the  like. 

Jan.  10.  A  Cafe  happened  in  the  Houfe  of  Com-  Remarkable  DM 
mons,  which,  though  trivial  in  itfelf,  may  not  beplfion?.  ?n 
improper  to  take  Notice  of.  In  one  of  the  Debates 
relating  to  the  Propofitions  for  Peace,  the  Houfe  di- 
vided on  the  Queftion  ;  when  the  Tellers  came  to 
make  their  Report  of  the  Numbers,  they  could  not 
agree  upon  it,  three  being  of  one  Opinion,  and  the 
fourth  of  another.  The  Houfe  then  divided  again, 
and  all  that  were  not  prefent  at  the  firft  Telling 
were  required  to  withdraw.  The  Tellers  reported 
the  Numbers  to  be  thirty-three  on  each  Side:  But 
one  Member  prefent  at  the  firft  Divifion  and  Tel- 
ling, yet  came  not  in  upon  the  fecond  Telling,  till 
the  Numbers  were  given  in  and  reported  by  Mr. 
Speaker,  was  defired  to  be  counted  ;  a  Debate  arofe 
whether  he  fhould  or  not,  coming  not  in  till  the 
Report  was  made:  The  Houfe  divided  again  on 
this  Queftion  $  but  before  it  was  told,  the  Noes  yield- 
H  2  ed, 


1 1 6        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  Led,    and  that   Member  being  added  to  the  Yeas, 
'642-        made  their  Number  thirty-four. 

Many  Copies  of  InftrufUons  are  entered  at  this 
Time  for  the  Parliament's  Lord -Lieutenants,  and 
other  Agents  in  the  feveral  Counties ;  and  alfo  a  fe- 
cond  Declaration  concerning  the  King's  Commif- 
fion  of  Array :  b  All  of  them  too  tedious  for  our 
Purpofe:  But 

A  Relation  of  the     ^n  tne  I2t^  of  this  Month  a  Relation  was  read 
Manner  of  pre-tn  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  fent  up  by  the  Commons, 
fcnting  a  Petition  concerning  the  Carrying  and  Delivery  of  a  Petition 
fe^touMte  °ffrom  the  C.!ty  of  London,  to  the  King  at  Oxford. 
Kong»t Offer d.  This  Relation  was  made  by  the  City's  Commitfion- 
ers  appointed  for  that  Purpofe;  and,  fince  the  Con- 
fequences  of  it  are  fomewhat  curious,  deferves  a 
Place  in  thefe  Enquiries.     The  Petition  is  not  en- 
tered in  the  Journals,  being  a  Work  of  Common 
Council  onlyj  but   we  have   met   with  a   printed 
Copy  of  it,  and  the  King's  Anfwer  to  it,   with 
fome  Speeches  made  by  a  Committee  of  both  Houfes, 
fent  to  attend  the  reading  of  them  in  the  Guildhall? 
which  we  fhall  give :  And  firft  the  Relation  itfelf, 
as  it  ftands  in  the  Journals : 

A  T  this  Common  Council  Sir  George  Garret^ 
£\^  Sir  George  Clark,  Knights  and  Aldermen, 
Mr.  Peter  Jones,  Mr.  George  Henley,  Mr.  Richard. 
Bateman,  and  Mr  Barney  Reames,  Commiflion- 
ers  lately  appointed  by  this  Court  to  make  their 
Addrefs  unto  his  Majefty,  with  an  humble  Pe- 
tition, in  the  Name  of  the  Mayor,  Aldermen, 
and  Commons  of  this  City,  did  make  their  Re- 
lation in  Writing,  which  followeth  in  thefc 
Words:' 

On  Monday  the  fecondof  January  we  came  to  Ox- 
ford, between  One  andTwo  o 'Clock  in  the  Afternoon  ; 
where ,  tbd1  we  could  get  no  Lodgings  before  Night , 

yet 

k  HuitenJt's  Ce.'lefiient,  fjom  p,  850,  to  891. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        117 

yet  prefently  we  difpatched  one  to  give  the  Z0r^Falk  An.  18.  Cat.  I. 
Jand  Notice  of  our  coming.     About  Three  o  Clock  we         l64^* 
did  all  of  us  attend  his  Lerdjhip,  at  his  Lodgings  in     ^j^T^ 
New  College  ;  with  whom  we  fent  we  alfo  to  the 
Court,  to  receive  his  Majejiys  Order  for  d<JmrJ/iox 
into  his  Prefence  ;  who  returning  unto  us,  and  bring-  , 

ing  us  Word,  that  his  Majejly  would  receive  the  Peti- 
tion at  Five  o'Clocky  we  accordingly  all  of  us  came  to 
the  Court.  After  fame  Jmall  Time  of  Attendance  we 
were  admitted  unto  his  Majejty  in  his  Withdruwing- 
Chamber,  and  the  Petition  fablickly  read  in  his  Ma- 
jejty's  Prejence ;  unto  which  his  Majejly  prefently  made 
Anfwer  unto  this  Effe£ty  That  he  was  giad  of  the 
Occafton  this  Petition  would  give  him,  to  let  the 
City  know  fome  of  his  Declarations  ;  which,  al- 
though he  ha<J  already  caufed  them  to  be  put  in 
Print,  yet  he  doubted  might  be  kept  from  the 
Knowledge  of  his  People  in  the  City:  That  he 
doubted  the  Petitioners  promifed  more  than  they 
could  perform,  to  wit,  To  defend  his  Majejly  from 
Tumults ;  when,  as  he  heard,  they  could  not  main- 
tain Peace  and  Quiet  among  themfelves  :  That  his 
Anfwer  fhould  be  full,  which  he  would  expect 
fhould  be  publifhed  and  made  known  to  all  his 
People  in  the  City.  And  he  added  this  Queftion^ 
Whether  they  had  petitioned  the  Parliament  aifo, 
to  remember  them  of  their  Duty  to  his  Majefty  ? 
To  this  it  was  prefently  anfwered,  That  we  were 
only  MefTengers  of  this  Petition,  and  could  give  no 
Anfwer  to  that  Queftion. 

On  Tuefday  we  had  no  Audience,  and  only  attend- 
ed our  Anfwer  ;  but,  on  Wednefday  the  fourth  of 
January,  we  addrefs' dour  [elves  fir  our  Difpatch,  by 
a  Meffage  unto  the  Lord  Falkland,  and  received  his 
Majejly' 's  Order  to  attend  at  Three  o'clock  that  After- 
noon, which  we  did  accordingly  ;  and,  being  called  in, 
his  Majejly  gave  us  a  Paper,  which,  he  f aid,  was  his 
Anfwer  to  ihe  Petition  ;  and  fo  delivered  it  into  the 
JHands  of  a  Gentleman  called  Mr.  Heron,  jlanding 
ly  hii/i ;  who,  be  [aid,  foould  go  with  us,  and  fee  it 
djne  accordingly.  And  having  demanded  which  waf 
H  3  the 


n8       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Cir.I.the  greater  AJJembly^  a  Common  Council  or  a  Common 

1 64*         Hall ;  and  it  being  anjwered^  That  a  Common  Hall 

**-    ~~-~  — '  was  the  greater  Ajjembly*  his  Majejly  twice  exprejly 

January.      commanded  us  that  this  his  Anfwer  Jhould  be  publtjhed 

at  a  Common  Hall\  that  there  might  be  fair  Play 

and  above- board)  and  that  the  People  of  the  City  might 

be  difabujed)  and  know  the  Truth. 

This  done  his  Majejly  difmijjed  HJ,  as  we  thought ; 
but  presently  we  were  recalled,  and  his  Majefty  faidy 
He  would  fend  Come  Perfons  to  be  amongft  us  in 
the  Ciry,  to  inform  the  City  and  him  of  the  Truth; 
whom  he  would  expect  they  fhould  protect,  feeing 
they  did  protect  Peifons  ill-affedted  to  his  Majefty  ; 
and  that  he  fliould  fee  by  that,  how  they  were  able 
to  protect  his  Majefty. 

This  Relation  we  make  according  to  our  be  ft  Re- 
membrance. 

The  foregoing  Narrative  being  read,  it  was  de- 
clared, That  the  Houfe  of  Commons  held  it  very 
neceflary,  if  their  Lordfhips  fhall  fo  pleafe,  that 
fome  Committees  of  both  Houfes  be  prefent  at 
the  Common  Hall,  to  hear  what  (hall  be  read 
from  his  Majefty  by  Mr.  Heron :  And  if  it  fhould 
prove  to  be  the  fame  that  is  printed,  which  con- 
tains Matters  very  fcandalous  to  the  Parliament, 
dangerous  to  the  City  and  whole  Kingdom,  feem- 
ing  purpofely  defigned  to  ftir  up  Mutiny  in  the 
City,  that  then  they  might  be  ready  to  take  oft' 
the  Afperfions  laid  upon  the  Proceedings  of  both 
Houfes  ;  and  to  {hew  their  Confidence  in  the 
Loyalty,  Wifdom,  and  good  Affe6tion  of  the  City; 
that  they  will  not  be  mifled  nor  diftemper'd  by 
any  fuch  Scandals  and  Afperfions :  And  if  it 
prove  not  the  fame,  but  do  contain  any  other 
Afperfions,  they  might  'ik<  wife  clear  the  Honour 
and  Juftice  of  their  Proceedings  as  they  fhall  fee 
Caufe  ;  and  the  Houfe  of  Commons  defires  their 
Lordfhips  to  join  with  them  in  this  alfo,  that 
whatfoever  the  Meflage  did  appear  to  be,  they 
fhould  yet  clear  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament, 

not- 


Of    ENGLAND.         119 

notwithftanding  all  the  Taxes  laid  upon  them  by  An.  18  Car.  I. 
that  Book}  having  done  nothing  but  agreeable  to        l642< 
their  Duty  to  the  King  and   Kingdom  ;  and   that  (  —  i^w  ~~*' 
the  Loyalty  and  Modefty  of  the  City,  exprefled  in 
their  Petition  to  his  Majefty,  wereto  be  commended. 

The  Commons  alfo  offered  to  their  Lordfliips 
Confideration  fome  Obfervations,  extracted  out  of 
the  King's  Anfwer,  with  their  Reply  ihereunto.— 
But  all  thefe,  being  recited  and  enlarged  upon  in 
the  following  Speech  of  Mr.  Pyrnme,  we  pafc 


The  next  Day  the  whole  Affair  was  tranfacled  at 
the  Guildhall,  and  a  particular  Account  taken  of 
it,  and  printed  by  Order  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
with  an  Introduction  and  Remarks  upon  it.  Mr. 
Rujhworth  hath  the  Petition,  Anfwer,  and  fubfe- 
quent  Speeches  in  his  Collections0;  and  as  the  print- 
ed Copy,  above-mentioned,  is  much  more  circum- 
ftantial,  we  {hall  give  it  from  that  Authority  d. 

The    INTRODUCTION. 

CT'R  AT  Olfervatlon,  Man's  Extremities  are  God's 
-*  Opportunities,  was  never  more  abundantly  and 
experimentally  made  good  than  in  thefe  latter  Days  ; 
and  in  none  of  thefe  more  than  on  Friday  the  iyh  of 
January,  1642,  in  and  toward,  the  City  of  London, 
where  his  Mafefty's  unexpected  Anfwer  to  an  bumble 
Petition,  prefented  to  his  Majefty  at  Oxford,  from 
the  Lird  Mayor  and  Cowmen  Council  of  that  Honour- 
able City^  made  many  fad  Hearts  ;  not  only  in  regard, 
that  all  the  unwearied  and  loyal  Endeavours  of  Par- 
liament and  City,  with  other  Parts  of  the  Kingdom^ 
have  made  no  deeper  ImpreJJion  upon  his  Majefty's 
Heart,  the  greatejl  Treafure  for  which  they  have 
contended  ;  but  alfo  in  fome  doubtful  Expectation  what 
Advantage  fuch  Spirits  might  have  made  of  it,  atleajl 

to 

c  In  Volume  V.  p.   no. 

<1  Published,  with  the  Licence  of  Mr.  Elfyngc,  Clerk  of  the  Houfc 
of  Common?,  by  Putr  Cole,  the  Printer  of  the  other  Speeches  at  the 
Guildhall,  which  are  already  given  in  this  Volume. 


120       'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  \%.  Car.  \.to  the  unfettling  of  the  Peace,  and  difuniting  the  Spi- 
rits  of  the  City  who  Jleer  all  their  Actions  by  that 
Maxim  of  Policy,  Divide  &  impera,  divide  and  dtt 
what  you  will:  The  rather  when  they  obferve  that  the 
Counfel  of  fome  not  fo  Well-wijhers,  certainly,  to  the 
Public  Safety,  as  to  their  own  private  Interejis,  had 
prevailed  with  his  Majeftj  that  his  Anfwer  Jhould  be 
publijhed  at  a  Common  Hall,  by  his  Majefty's  exprefs 
Order  for  that  Purpofe,  when  as  the  Petition  was 
humbly  tendered  to  his  Majeliy  from  a  Common  Coun- 
cil. To  avoid  all  Inconveniences,  it  pleafed  the  Wildom 
and  Goodnefs  of  Heaven  to  direR  the  Parliament  to 
chufe  an  Honourable  Committee  of  Lords  and  Commons 
to  be  prefent  at  the  reading  thereof;  and  the  Governors 
of  the  City  to  order  that  all  the  Companies  Jhould  firjl 
meet  at  their  feveral  Halls,  and  then  come  in  their  City 
Habits  to  /fo  Guild  hall,  where  his  Majefty's  Anfwer 
was  to  be  read :  IV hen  the  Committee  of  both  Houfesj 
with  the  Lord  Mayor,  Aldermen ,  and  fuch  a  Conflu- 
ence of  Liverymen  as  hath  not  been  feen  there  in  the 
Memory  of  the  oldeft  Man  in  the  City,  being  met,  thf 
Lord  Mayor  commanded  the  Town  Clerk  to  read,  irt 
tht  Audience  of  that  great  A/embly,  the  City's  Peti~ 
tiori)  which  here  follows  ; 

To  the  KING'S  Mojl  Excellent  Majefly, 

fbe  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  the  Mayor,  Aldermen* 

and  Commons  of  the  City  of  London, 

Shewed, 

S  S  a*  a"  C  TH  AT  the  Petitioners,  your  Majefty's  moft 
Coamon  HalJ.  '     JL     humble  and  loyal  Subje&s,    being    much 

*  peirced  with  the  long  :md  great  Divifions  between 
'  your  Majefty  and  both  your  Houfes  of  Parliament, 
<  and  with  the  fad  and  bloody  Effe&s  thereof,  both 
'  here  and  in  Ireland,  are  yet  more  deeply  wounded 

*  by  the  Mifapprehenfion  which  your  Majefty  feem- 
'  cth  to  entertain  of  the  Love  and  Loyalty  of  this 
«  your  City,  as  if  there  were  fomc  Caufe  of  Fear 
'  or  Sufpicion  of  Danger  to  your  Royal  Perfon,  if 

*  your  Majefty  fhould  return  thhherj'and  that  this 

*  is 


Of   ENGLAND.         121 

*  is  made  the  unhappy  Bar  to  that  blefled  Reconci-A 
*•  liation  with  yout  great  and  moft  faithful  Council, 

4  for  preventing  that  Defolation  and  Deftruction, 
4  which  is  now  moft  apparently  imminent  on  your 
4  Majefty  and  all  your  Kingdoms  : 

4  For  Satisfaction  therefore  of  your  Majefty,  and 

*  clearing  of  the  Petitioners  Innocency,  they  moft 
4  humbly  declare,  as  formerly  they  have  done,  That 
4  they  are  in  no  way  confcious  of  any  Difloyalty, 
4  but  abhor  all  Thoughts  thereof :  And  that  they 
4  are  refolved  to  make  good  their  late  folemn  Prote- 
4  ftation  and  facred  Vow  made  to  Almighty  God, 
4  and,  with  the  laft  Drop  of  their  deareft  floods, 
4  to  defend  and  maintain  the  true  Reformed  Proteft- 

*  ant  Religion  ;  and,  according  to  the  Duty  of  their 
4  Allegiance,  your  Majefty's  Royal  Perfon,  Honour, 
4  and  Eftate ;    (whatever  is  malicioufly  and  moft 
4  falfly  fuggefted  to  your  Majefty  to  the  contrary)  as 
4  well  as  the  Power  and  Privileges  of  Parliament, 
4  and  the  lawful  Rights  and  Liberties  of  the  Subject  j 
4  and  do  hereby  engage  themfelves,  their  Eftates, 
4  and  all  they  have,  to  their  uttermoft  Power,  to 

*  defend  and  preferve  your  Majefty  and  both  Houfes 
4  of  Parliament  from  all  Tumults,  Affronts,  and 
4  Violence,    with  as  much  Loyalty,    Love,    and 
4  Duty,    as  ever  Citizens  exprefled  towards  your 
'  Majefty,  or  any  of  your  Royal  Progenitors  in  their 

*  greateft  Glory. 

4  The  Petitioners  therefore,  upon  their  bended 
'  Knees,  do  moft  humbly  befeech  your  Majefty  to 

*  return  to  your  Parliament,  accompanied  with  your 
4  Royal,    not  your  Martial,    Attendance  ;    to  the 
4  End  that  Religion,  Laws,  and  Liberties  may  be 

*  fettled  and  fecured ;  and  whatfoever  is  amifs  in 
4  Church  and  Commonwealth  reformed  by  their 
4  Advice,  according  to  the  Fundamental  Conftitu- 
4  tions  of  this  Kingdom  ;  and  that  fuch  a  Peace 
4  may  thereby  be  obtained,  as  {hall  be  for  the  Glory 
4  of  God,  the  Honour  and  Happinefs  of  your  Ma- 
4  jefty  and  Pofterity,  and  the  Safety  and  Welfare  of 
4  all   your  loyal  Subjects ;    who   (the  Petitioners 
4  are  fully   affured,    whatfoever  is    given  out  to 


122       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  is.  Car.  I.  c  fa  contrary)  do  unanimoufly  defire  the  Peace  here- 
t^l^l^j  «  in  exprelled. 

January.          -dad  the  Petitioners  Jhall  ever  pray,  &c. 

M  I  C  H  £  L  L. 

Tbit  being  done,  the  King's  Meffenger  *  being  wiJJ}- 
ed  to  read  his  Majejlys  Anfwer  to  that  Petition, 
made  fame  Apology  to  be  excufed ;  partly  willing  to 
intimate  that  bis  CommiJJion  was  but  to  deliver  the 
Anfwer  to  the  Lord  Mayor,  (which'  feemed  very 
Jirange  to  Standers-by,  who  were  ready  to  conclude, 
that  if  his  Maje/ly's  Command  had  been  of  no  larger 
Extent,  the  Trouble  of  a  Common  Hall  might  well 
have  been  fpared)  and  partly  pleading  the  Inaudible- 
nefs  of  his  Voice  in  fuel)  a  vaft  Aflembly ;  but  being 
deemed  the  fittejl  for  that  Service  by  the  Honourable 
Committee,  the  Lord  Mayor  and  his  Brethren,  he  then 
read  his  Majejlys  Anfwer,  which  here  follows : 

A»  alfo  the  '  T  TTI  S  Majefty  hath  gracioufly  confidered  this 
King's  Anfwer  «  \^\  Petition,  and  returns  this  Anfwer :  That 
'  his  Majefty  doth  not  entertain  any  Mifapprehen- 
'  (ion  of  the  Love  and  Loyalty  of  his  City  of  Lon- 
'  don.  As  he  hath  always  exprefled  a  fingular  Re- 
'  gard  and  Efteem  of  the  Affections  of  that  City, 

*  and  is  ftill  defirous  to  make  it  his  chief  Place  of 
'  Rcfidence,    and    to   continue   and    renew   many 
'  Marks  of  his  Favour  towards  it ;  fo  he  believes 

*  much  the  better  and  greater  Part  of  that  his  City 
'  is  full  of  Love,  Duty,  and  Loyalty  to  his  Majefty  ; 
c  and  that  the  Tumults  which  heretofore  forced  his 

*  Majefty,  for  his  Safety,  to  leave  that  Place,  tho' 
'  they  were  contrived  r.nd  encouraged  by  fome  prin- 
'  cipal  Members  thereof,  (who  are  lince  well  known, 
'  though  they  are  above  the  Reach  of  Jufticc)  con- 
'  fifted  more  of  defperate  Perfons  of  the  Suburbs, 
'  and  the  neighbouring  Towns,  who  were  mifled 
'  by  the  Cunning   and  Malice  of  their  Seducers, 
«  than  of  the  Inhabitants  of  that  City.     He  looks 

*  on 

»  Capt.  Heron,  Son  of  Sir  Edioard  Heron,  Hich  Sheriff"  of  Litt- 
coln/bire,  who  had  been  voted  a  Delinquent,  for  executing  the  King's 
Coauniflion  of  Array  in  that  County. 


Of    ENGLAND.         123 

*  on  his  good  Subjects  there  as  Perfons  groaning  An.  18.  Car.  I, 

*  under  the  fame  Burden  which  doth  opprefs  his        164*- 

*  Majefty,  and  awed  by  the  fame  Perfons  who  be-        ^~'-* 
'  gat  thefe  Tumults,  and  the  fame  Army  which      January« 

*  gave  Battle  to  his  Majefty :    And  therefore  as  no 
4  good  Subject  can  more  defire,  from  his  Soul,  a 

*  Compofure  of  the  general   DiftracYions ;    fo  no 
4  good  Citizen  can  more  defire  the  Eftabliftmient  of 
4  the  particular  Peace  and  Profperity  of  that  Place 
4  by  his  Majefty 's  Accefs  thither,  than  his  Majefty 
4  himfelfdoth. 

*  But  his  Majefty  defires  his  good  Subjects  of 
4  London  ferioufly  to  confider  what  Confidence  his 
4  Majefty  can  have  of  Security  there,  whilft  the 
4  Laws  of  the  Land  are  fo  notorioufly  defpifed  and 

*  trampled  under  Foot ;  and  the  wholefomeGovern- 
4  ment  of  that  City,  heretofore  fo  famous  over  all  the 

*  World,  is  now  fubmitted  to  the  arbitrary  Power 
'  of  a  few  defperate  Perfons  of  no  Reputation,  but 
4  for  Malice  and  Difloyalty  to  him  :  Whilft  Arms 

*  are  taken  up  not  only  without,  but  againft,  his 

*  Confent  and  exprefs  Command  ;  and  Collections 
4  publickly  made,  and  Contributions  avowed,  for  the 
'  Maintenance  of  the  Army  which  hath  given  hira 

*  Battle,  and  therein  ufed  all  poflible  Means  Trea- 

*  fon  and  Malice  could  fuggeft  to  them,  to  have  ta- 

*  ken  his  Life  from  him,  and  to  have  deftroyed  his 
4  Royal  Iflue  ;  whilft  fuch  of  his  Majefty's  Subjects, 
c  who,  out  of  Duty  and  Affection  to  his  Majefty, 

*  and  Companion  of  their  bleeding  Country,  have 
4  laboured  for  Peace,  are  reviled,  injured,  and  mur- 
4  dered,  even  by  the  Magiftrates  of  that  City,  or  by 

*  their  Directions. 

4  Lajlly,  What  Hope  his  Majefty  can  have  of  , 
£  Safety  there,  whilft  Alderman  Pennington^  their 
4  pretended  Lord  Mayor,  (the  principal  Author  of 
4  thofe  Calamities  which  fo  nearly  threaten  the  Ruin 
c  of  that  famous  City)  Ven,  Foulke,  and  Mainwa- 
'  ring,  all  Perfons  notorioufly  guilty  of  Schifm  and 
4  High  Treafon,  commit  fuch  Outrages  in  oppref- 
4  fin  a;,  robbing,  and  imprifoning,  according  to  their 
4  Difcrction,  all  fuch  his  Majefty's  loving  Subjects 

4  whom 


124       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18  Car.  I.4  whom  they  are  pleafed  to  fufpect  but  for  wifhing 
****•  «  well  to  his  Majefty  :  And  his  Majefty  would 
~*~  —'  <  know  whether  the  Petitioners  believe  that  the 

*  Reviling  and  Supprefling  the  Book  of  Common 

*  Prayer,  (eftabliflied  in  this  Church  ever  flnce  the 
«  Reformation)  the  Difcountenancing  and  Imprifon- 

<  ing  godly,  karned,  and   painful  Preachers;  and 
'  the  Cherifliing  and  Countenancing  of  Biownifts, 

*  Anabaptifts,  and  all  Manner  of  Sectaries,  be  the 
e  Way  to  defend  and  maintain  the  true  Reformed 
«  Proteftant  Religion?  That  to  comply  with,  and 

*  aifift  Perfons  who  have  actually  attempted  to  kill 
«  his  Majefty  ;  and  to  allow  and  favour  Libels,  Paf- 
'  quils,  and  feditious  Sermons  againft  his  Majefty,  be 

*  to  defend  his  Royal  Perfon  and  Honour  according 
«  to  the  Duty  of  their  Allegiance  ?  Whether  to  im- 
«  prifon  Men's  Perfons,  and  to  plunder  their  Houfes, 

*  becaufe  they  will  not  rebel  againft  his  Majefty, 
'  nor  affift  thofe  that  do  ?  Whether  to  deftroy  their 
'  Property,  by  taking  away  the  Twentieth  Part  of 
c  their  Eftates  from  them  ;  and,  by  the  fame  arbi- 
«  trary  Power,  to  refer  to  four  Standers-by  of  their 
'  own  Faction,  to  judge  what  that  Twentieth  Part 

*  is,  be  to  defend  the  lawful  Rights  and  Liberties  of 
«  the  Subject .'  And  if  they  thfnk  thefe  Actions  to 

*  be  Inftances  of  either,  whether  they  do  not  know 
«  the  Perfons  before-named  to  be  guilty  of  them  all  ? 
«  Or  whether  they  think  it  poflible  that  Almighty 
«  God  can  blefs  that  City,  and  preferve  it  from  De- 
«  ftruction,  whilft  Perfons  of  fuch  known  Guilt  and 

<  Wickednefs  are  defended  and  juftified  amongft 

<  them,  againft  the  Power  of  that  Law  by  which 
'  they  can  only  fubfift  ? 

*  His  Majefty  is  fo  far  from  fuffering  himfclf  to 
e  be  incenfed  againft  the  whole  City,  by  the  Actions 

*  of  thefe  ill  Men,  though  they  have  hitherto  been 

*  fo  prevalent  as  to  make  the  Affections  of  the  relt 

<  of  little  Ufe  to  him  ;  and  is  fo  willing  to  be  with 

*  them  and  to  protect  them,  that  the  Ti  ade,  Wealth, 

*  and   Glory  thereof  (fo  decayed  and  eclipfed  by 

<  thefe  public  Diftractions)  may  again  be  the  Envy 

'  of 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        125 

c  of  all  foreign  Nations ;  that  he  doth,  once  more,  An.  iS.  Car,  I, 
'  g;racioufly  offer  his  Free  and  General  Pardon  to  all        j64*- 
'  the  Inhabitants  of  that  his  City  of  London,  the  '-  "~*~"  — ' '• 

*  Suburbs,    and  City  of  Weftminjler,    (except  the       Jaw 

*  Perfons  formerly  excepted  by  his  Majefty)  if  they 

*  (hall  yet  return  to  their  Duty,  Loyalty,  and  Obe- 

*  dience.     And  if  his  good  Subjects  of  that  his  City 
'  of  London  ftiall  firft  folemnly  declare,  That  they 

*  will  defend  the  known  Laws  of  the  Land,   and 
'  will  fubmit  to,    and  be  governed   by,    no  other 
'  Rule  :  If  they  ftiall  firft  manifeft,  by  defending 
'  themfelves,    and  maintaining  their  own  Rights, 
'  Liberties,  and  Interefts,  and  fuppreffing  any  Force 
'  and  Violence  unlawfully  raifed  againft  thofe  and 

*  his  Majefty,  their  Power  to  defend  and  preferve 

*  him  from  all  Tumults,  Affronts,  and  Violence : 

*  Laftly,  If  they  {hall  apprehend,  and  commit  to 

*  fafe  Cuftody,  the  Perfons  of  thofe  four  Men  who 
'  enrich  themfelves  by  the  Spoil  and  Oppreffion  of 

*  his  loving  Subjects,  and  the  Ruin  of  the  City,  that 
'  his  Majefty  may   proceed   againft  them  by  the 
'  Courfe  of  Law,  as  guilty  of  High  Treafon,  hit 
4  Majejly  will  fpeedily  return  to  them  with  his  Royal9 
'  and  without  his  Martial,  Attendance ;  and  will  ufe 

*  his  utmoft  Endeavour  that  they  may,  hereafter, 

*  enjoy  all  the  BleiTings  of  Peace  and  Plenty  j  and 
'  will  no  longer  expect  Obedience  from  them,  than 
'  he  fhall,  with  all  the  Faculties  of  his  Soul,  labour 
'  in  the  Preferving  and  Advancing  the  true  Reformed 
'  Proteftant  Religion,  the  Laws  of  the  Land,  the  Li- 

*  berty  and  Property  of  the  Subject,  and  the  juft  Pri- 
'  vileges  of  Parliament. 

'  If,  notwithftanding  all  this,  the  Art  and  Inte- 
'  reft  of  thefe  Men  can  prevail  fo  far,  that  they  in- 

*  volve  more  Men  in  their  Guilt,  and  draw  that  his 
«  City  to  facrifice  its  prefent  Happinefs  and  future 
'  Hopes  to  their  Pride,  Fury,  and  Malice,  his  Ma- 
'  jefty  fhall  only  give  them  this  Warning,  That 
4  whcfoever  ftiall,  henceforward,  take  up  Arms  with- 

*  out  his  Confent  j  contribute  any  Money  or  Plate, 
'  upon  what  Pretence  of  Authority  foever,  for  Main- 

*  tenance  of  the  Army  under  the  Command  of  the 

'Ear! 


726     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Ao.  18.  Car.  I.<  Earl  of  Bflex,    or  any  other  Army  in  Rebellion 
«  againft  him  ;  or  {hall  pay  Tonnage  and  Pound- 

the  fame  fta11  be  fettled  bx A(St  of  Par" 

*  liament ;    every  fuch  Perfon  muft  expect  the  fe- 
'  vereft  Punimment  the  Law  can  inflict;  and,    in 
4  the  mean  time,  his  Majefty  will  feize  upon  any 
'  Part  of  his  Eftate  withiji  his  Power,  for  the  Re- 
'  lief  and  Support  of  him  and  his  Army,  raifed  and 

*  maintained  for  the  Defence  of  his  Perfon,    the 
'  Laws,  and  this  his  Kingdom  :    And  fince  he  de- 
'  nies  to  his  Majefty  the  Duty  and  Benefit  of  his 
<N  Subjection,  by  giving  Affiftance  to 'Rebels,  which, 

*  by  the  known  Laws  of  the  Land,  is  High  Trea- 

*  fon,  his  Majefty  fhall  likewife  deny  him  the  Bene- 

*  fit  of  his  Protection  ;  and  {hall  not  only  fignify  to 

*  all  his  foreign  Minifters,  that  fuch  Perfon  {hall  re- 

*  ceive  no  Advantage  by  being  his  Subject,  but  (hall, 

*  by  all  other  Ways  and  Means,  proceed  againft  him 

*  as  a  public  Enemy  to  his  Majefty  and  this  King- 
4  dom. 

*  But  his  Majefty  hopes  and  doubts  not  but  his 
c  good  Subjects  of  London  will   call  to  Mind  the 

*  Acts  of  their  Predeceflbrs,  their  Duty,  Affection, 

*  Loyalty,   and  Merit  towards  their  Princes ;   the 
'  Renown  they  have  had  with  all  Pofterity  from,  and 
6  theBIeflings  of  Heaven  which  always  accompanied, 

~*  thofe  Virtues ;  and  will  confider  the  perpetual  Scorn 

*  and  Infamy,  which  unavoidably  will  follow  them 

*  and  their  Children,  if  infinitely  the  meaner  Part 

*  in  Quality,  and  much  the  lefler  Part  in  Number, 

*  {hall  be  able  to  alter  the  Government  fo  admi- 

*  rably  eftabliftied,  deftroy  the  Trade  fo  excellent- 
c  ly  fettled,  and  to  wafte  the  Wealth,  fo  induftri- 

*  oufly  gotten,  of  that  flourifhing  City ;  and  then 

*  they  will  cafily  gather  up  the  Courage  and  Refolu- 

*  tion  to  join  with  his  Majefty  in  Defence  of  their 
c  Religion,   Laws,    and  Liberties,  which  hitherto 

*  hath  and  only  can  make  themfelves,  his  Majefty, 

*  and  his  Kingdom,  happy. 

'  For  concurring  with   the   Advice  of  his  two 
'  Houfes  of  Parliament,  which,  with  Reference  to 

*  the  Commonwealth,  may  be  as  well  at  this  Di- 

'  ftancej 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         127 

«  fiance  as  at  Whitehall;  his  Majefty  doubts  not  An.  iS.  Car.  I. 
«  but  his  good  Subjects  of  London  well  know  how 
«  far  (beyond  the  Example  of  his  Predeceflbrs)  his 
'  Majefty  hath  concurred  with  their  Advice  in  paf- 

*  fmg  of  fuch  Laws,  by  which  he  willingly  hath 
'  parted  with  many  of  his  known  Rights,  for  the 
«  Benefit  of  his  Subjects,  which  the  Fundamental 

*  Conftitutions   of  this    Kingdom   did   not  oblige 

*  him  to  confenfto;  and  hath  ufed  all  poffible  Means 
'  to  beget  a  right  Underftanding  between  them ; 

*  and  will  therefore  apply  themfelves  to  thofe  who, 
«  by  making  juft,  peaceable,  and  honourable  Propo- 

*  fitions  to  his  Majefty,  can  only  beget  that  Con- 

*  currence/ 

After  the  King's  MeJJenger  had  read  this  once  upon 
the  Hujlings,  in  the  Audience  of  thofe  Honourable 
Per  fans,  he  was,  for  the  Help  of  the  Lownefs  of  his 
Poice,  and  the  Advantage  of  the  great  Multitudes  in 
the  Hall,  willed  to  read  the  fame  a  fecond  Time  in 
the  Clock-houfe,  in  the  Audience  of  the  Body  of  that 
AJfembly ;  among  whom,  after  he  had  finijhed  his 
Work,  an  inconfiderable  Company  near  the  Door 
made  feme  Offers  towards  an  Acclamation ;  but 
fnding  no  expecled  Eccho  to  anfwer  their  Shout,  they 
wound  up  in  a  little  Mode  fly  and  a  great  deal  of  Si~ 
fence,  upon  which  the  Earl  of  Manchefter  delivered 
his  Speech  as  followeth : 

My  Lord  Mayor,  and  you  Gentlemen  of  the  City 

of  London, 
c  f  I  ^HIS  AfTembly  can  never  be  looked  upon  byTheEarl<>f 

J_     any  Members  of  both  Houfes  of  Parlia-s^ech^tcTthe 
ment,  but  there  muft  be  fome  Offering  of  Gratitude  Citizens  on  that 
made  to  you;  of  Thanks  and  Acknowledgements Occafionj 
for  your  former  large-hearted  Expreflions  of  Af- 
fection and  Care  for  the  Prefervation  both  of  the 
Parliament  and  Kingdom:  The  Occafion  why  my 
Lords  and  thefe  Gentlemen  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons are  come  hither  is  this,  They  have  read  an  An- 
fwer to  an  humble  Petition  of  the  Lord  Mayor  and 
Common  Council  and  Citizens  of  London  to  his 

Ma- 


128       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

•  Majefty;  in  which  they  find  many  wounding  A£- 
_  periions  caft  upon  Perfons  of  very  eminent  Autho- 
'  rity  in  your  City,  and  upon  others  of  very  great  F?- 
delity  and  Truft  among  you :  This  Anfwer  they 
do  find,  as  it  is  printed,  to  agree  with  that  which  the 
Gentleman  from  his  Majefty  hath  here  read  ;  ami 
they  owning  themfelves  equally  interested  (in  all 
Things  that  concern  you)  with  you,  have  com- 
manded this  Gentleman  to  make  fome  Obfervations 
by  way  of  Vindication,  both  of  the  Proceedings  of 
both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  of  the  Proceedings 
of  the  City  j  with  this  Aflurance,  that  they  will  ne- 
ver delert  you,  but  will  ftand  by  you  with  their 
Lives  and  Fortunes,  for  the  Prefervation  of  the 
City  in  general,  and  thofe  Perfons  in  particular, 
who  have  been  faithful,  and  deferved  well,  both  of 
the  Parliament  and  Kingdom  ;  and  they  will  pur- 
fue  all  Means,  both  with  their  Lives  and  Fottunes, 
that  may  be  for  the  Prefervation  of  this  City,  and 
for  the  Procuring  of  Safety,  Happinefs,  and  Peace 
to  the  whole  Kingdom.' 

The  Speech  of  this  Noble  Lord  being  entertained 
with  loud  ExpreJJions  of  Joy  and  Thankfulnefs  by  the 
Commons',  and^  after  fome  Time  Silence  being  made, 
,  Jltfr.  Pymme,  that  worthy  Member  of  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  and  Patriot  of  his  Country^  gave  the  Senje 
of  both  Houfes  upon  the  feveral  Pajfages  in  his  Ma- 
jejiy's  Anfwer^  in  the  following  Speech  : 

My   Lord  Mayor^  and  you    Worthy  Citizens  of 
this  Nobie  and  Famous  City  of  London, 

And   Mr.         '  TAm  commanded  by  the  Lords  and  Commons 
|^  to  jet  vou  know,  That,  in  this  Anfwer  which 

6"211?  bcen  Publifhed  to  y°u»  they  do  obferve  many 
Things  of  great  Afperfinn  upon  the  Proceedings  of 
Parliament,  very  fcandalous  and  injurious  to  many 
particular  Members  of  this  City  ;  whereupon  they 
think  that  it  becomes  them,  both  in  Tendernefs  of 
their  own  Honour,  and  Refpect  to  you,  to  take 
away  all  thofe  Afperfions  ;  and  to  let  you  know 
the  Truth  of  their  Proceedings,  which  have  been 

full 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       129 

full  of  Honour  and  Juftice,   as  they  ftand  in  rela-An.  18.  Car,  I, 
tion  to  their  own  Duty  ;  and  full  of  Humility  and        i642« 
Obedience  towards  his  Majefty,  and  of  Care  for  the    *"- ~v— — ' 
common  Good,  and  fo  fhall  ever  be  :  And  they      January« 
have  commanded  me  to  let  you  know  the  true  An- 
fwer to  moft  of  thofe  Things  that  are  imputed  either 
to   the  Parliament,  or  to  the   City,  by  obferving 
fome  Particulars  of  this  Book  which  hath  been  read 
to  you ;  and  to  let  you  know  the  Proceedings  in 
their  own  native  Condition,  clear  from  thofe  Mif- 
reprefentations  which  make  them  appear  in  a  Qua- 
lity much  different  from  the  Truth  :  Which  before 
I  enter  into,  I  am  to  declare,  as  the  Senfe  of  both 
Houfes,  that  your  Petition  was  fo  full  of  Loyalty, 
Humility,    and   Obedience,    that  you  might  well 
have  expected  an  Anfwer  of  another  Kind. 

4  The  firft  Obfervation  I  am  to  make  to  you  13 
this,  that  it  is  faid  here,  That  his  Majefty  was  en- 
forced, by  Tumulty  to  leave  the  Parliament,  and  to 
go  from  Whitehall,  and  to  withdraw  himfelf  into 
thofe  Courfes  which  now  he  hath  taken. 

'  In  Anfwer  hereunto,  I  am  commanded  to  tell 
you,  That  there  was  no  Occafion  given  by  any  Tu- 
mults rifing  out  of  this  City,  or  the  Suburbs,  which 
might  juftly  caufe  his  Majefty's  Departure;  and 
you  may  very  well  remember,  that  after  his  vio- 
lent coming  to  the  Commons'  Houfe  of  Parliament 
in  that  unufual  and  unheard-of  Manner  (which  was 
the  Beginning  of  thefe  unhappy  Differences)  that 
the  very  next  Day  his  Majefty  came  into  the  City 
without  any  Guard  ;  that  he  was  prefent  in  the 
Common  Council,  dined  at  the  Sheriffs,  and  re- 
turned back  again,  with  manifold  Evidences  of  Fi-  • 
delity  on  the  Part  of  the  City,  and  without  any 
fuch  Expreffions  as  were  unbefeeming  the  Majefty 
of  a  King,  or  the  Duty  of  Subjects ;  that  he  refided 
divers  Days  at  IVhitehall,  and  afterward  at  Hamp- 
ton-Court, Windfor,  and  Places  adjoining,  with 
fmall  Forces  about  him,  and  yet  never  any  Attempt 
made  which  might  give  him  any  Apprehenfions  of 
Fear;  by  all  which  it  is  manifeft,  that  this  is  an  un- 
juft  Afperfion  caft  upon  this  City,  that  any  tumul- 

VOL.  XII.  I  tuous 


130       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  i.tuous  Carriage  of  yours  was  the  Occafion  of  hr> 
*  42-        Majefty's  leaving  the  Parliament,  and  withdrawing 
Jan  himfelf  to  remoter  Parts. 

'  It  is  affirmed,  That  the  Government  of  your  City 
hath  been  managed  by  a  few  defperate  Perfons,  and 
that  they  do  exercife  an  arbitrary  Power.  In  Anfwer 
to  which  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament  give  you  this 
Teftimony,  That  you  have,  in  moft  of  the  great 
Occafions  concerning  the  Government  of  the  City, 
followed  their  Direction  j  and  that  Direction,  which 
they  have  given,  and  you  have  executed,  they  muft 
and  will  maintain  to  be  fuch  as  ftands  with  their 
Honour  in  giving  it,  and  your  Truft  and  Fidelity 
in  the  Performance  of  it. 

«  It  is  objected  in  the  third  Place,  That  Contribu- 
tions have  been  pnblickly  made,  for  the  Maintenance 
of  that  Army  which  did  join  Battle  with  the  King, 
and  did,  by  all  the  Means  that  Treafon  and  Malice  could 
fuggejl,  endeavour  to  take  away  his  Life,  and  dejhoy 
,  his  IJfue.  To  this  I  am  commanded  fo  fay,  That 

the  Defign  of  bringing  up  the  Englifo  Armies,  the 
gathering  together  of  the  Cavaliers  about  jybite- 
hall,  the  violent  coming  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  , 
the  King's  going  into  the  North  and  raifing  Armies 
there,  are  clear  Evidences  that  Violence  was  firft  in- 
tended, and  divers  Practices  were  made  againft  the 
Parliament,  before  they  took  any  Courfe,  or  made* 
any  Preparation  to  take  up  Arms,  for  their  Defence; 
for  the  Danger  of  his  Majefty's  Perfon  they  were 
forry  for  it,  and  did,  by  divers  humble  Petitions,  la- 
bour to  prevent  it ;  and  as  touching  the  Royal  Iflue, 
they  have  fufficiently  declared  to  the  World  their 
good  Affections  towards  them,  by  the  Care  they 
have  taken  both  for  the  Safety  and  Maintenance 
of  thofe  who  are  left  here. 

'  It  is  further  exprefled  in  this  Anfwer,  That 
the  King  demands  the  Lord  Mayor,  Mr,  Alderman 
Fowke,  Col,  Ven,  and  Col.  A'lanwaring,  to  be  de- 
livered up  as  guilty  of  Schifm  and  High  Treafon. 
Concerning  which  I  am  commanded  to  tell  you, 
as  the  Senfe  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  That 
this  Demand  is  againft  the  Privilege  of  Parliament, 


Of   ENGLAND.        131 

two  of  them  being  Members  of  the  Commons  An,  18.  Car,  I, 
Houfe;  moft  difhonourable  to  the  City,  that  the 
Lord  Mayor  of  London  fhould  be  fubjedled  to  the 
Violence  of  every  bafe  Fellow,  be  aflaulted,  feized 
on,  without  due  Procefs  or  Warrant,  which  the 
Law  doth  afford  every  private  Man;  and  that  you 
fhould  be  commanded  to  deliver  up  your  Chief  Ma- 
giftrate,  and  fuch  eminent  Members  of  the  City 
to  the  King's  Pleafure,  only  becaufe  they  have  done 
their  Duty  in  adhering  to  the  Parliament,  for  the 
Defence  of  the  Kingdom ;  and  that  it  is  againft  the 
Rules  of  Juftice  that  any  Men  fhould  be  impri- 
foned  upon  fuch  a  general  Charge,  when  no  Parti- 
culars are  proved  againft  them ;  and  this  you  are 
to  take  Notice  of,  as  the  Anfwer  to  thofe  Scandals, 
and  to  that  Difgrace  upon  my  Lord  Mayor,  and 
the  other  Members  of  the  City. 

*  And  I  am  further  to  tell  you,  That  there  is 
little  Caufe  for  his  Majefty  to  make  this  Demand, 
confidering  that  he  himfelf  doth,  by  Force,  keep 
away  many  accufed  in  Parliament ;  as  my  Lord 
Digby*  and  many  more  impeached  of  High  Trea- 
fon,  befides  divers  other  great  Delinquents,  that 
ftand  charged  there  for  heinous  Crimes  j  all  which, 
by  Force,  are  kept  from  the  due  Proceedings  and 
legal  Trial  of  Parliament. 

4  It  is  alledged  in  this  Anfwer,  That  my  Lord 
Mayor  >  and  thofe  other  Perfons  named,  are  Counit- 
nancers  of  Brownijls  and  Anabaptijls^  and  all  Man- 
ner of  Sectaries.  To  this  I  am  commanded  to  fay, 
That  hereof  there  is  no  Proof:  It  doth  not  appear 
that  they  give  any  fuch  Countenance  to  Sectaries  of 
any  Kind  whatfoever  ;  and  if  it  did,  his  Majefty  hath 
little  Reafonto  object  it,  while,  notwithftanding  the 
Profeflion  he  hath  often  made,  That  he  will  main- 
tain the  Protejlant  Reformed  Religion,  he  doth  in  the 
mean  Time  raife  an  Army  of  Papifts ;  who,  by  the 
Principles  of  their  Religion,  are  bound,  if  Power 
be  put  into  their  Hands,  to  deftroy  and  utterly  to 
root  out  the  Proteftants,  together  with  the  Truth 
which  they  profefs. 

I    2  It 


132       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.  It  is  affirmed,  That  Men's  Per  fans  have  been  im- 
1641.  prifonedy  and  their  Houfes  plundered^  becaufe  they  will 
*— --"v— — '  not  rebill  again/1  his  majejly.  To  this  I  am  corn- 
January,  ujj^ed  to  declare,  That  no  Men's  Houfes  have  been 
plundered  by  any  Direction  of  the  Parliament,  but 
that  they  have  been  very  careful  to  reftrain  all  fuch 
violent  Courfes,  fo  far  as  they  were  able  ;  and  that 
they  have  never  committed  any  Man,  but  fuch  as, 
by  due  Information,  they  conceived  to  be  feditious 
Perfons,  and  like  to  trouble  the  Peace  of  the  State. 
4  It  is  objected  further.  That  the  Property  of  the 
Subjeft  is  deftroyedy  by  taking  away  the  twentieth  Part 
by  an  arbitrary  Power.  To  this  they  fay,  That  in 
that  Ordinance  it  doth  not  require  a  twentieth  Part, 
but  doth  limit  the  Afleflbrs  that  they  fhall  not  go 
beyond  a  twentieth  Part ;  and  that  this  is  done  by  a 
Power  derived  from  both  Houfes  of  Parliament ; 
the  Lords,  who  have  an  Hereditary  Intereft  in  ma- 
king Laws  in  this  Kingdom  ;  and  the  Commons, 
who  are  elected  and  chofen  to  reprefent  the  whole 
Body  of  the  Commonalty,  and  truftcd  for  the  Good 
of  the  People,  whenever  they  fee  Caufe  to  charge 
the  Kingdom.  And  they  fay  further,  That  the  fame 
Law,  that  did  enable  the  two  Houfes  oT  Parliament 
to  raife  Forces  to  maintain  and  defend  the  Safety  of 
Religion,  and  of  the  Kingdom,  doth  likewife  enable 
them  to  require.  Contributions,  whereby  thofe.  Forces 
may  be  maintained ;  or  elfe  it  were  a  vain  Power 
to  raife  Forces,  if  they  had  not  a  Power  likewife  to 
maintain  them  in  that  Service  for  which  they  were 
raifed. 

*  And  to  this  Point  I  am  commanded  to  add  this 
further  Anfwer,  That  there  was  little  Reafon  for' 
this  to  be  objected  on  his  Majefty's  Behalf,  when  it 
is  well  known  that,  from  the  Subjects  which  are 
within  the  Power  of  his  Army,  his  Majefty  doth 
take  the  full  yearly  Value  of  their  Lands,  and  in 
fome  Cafes  more  ;  that  not  only  particular  Houfes, 
but  whole  Towns,  have  been  plundered  by  Com- 
mand and  Defign  ;  and  that,  by  Proclamations,  Men 
are  declared  to  forfeit  all  their  Eftates,  becaufe  they 

will 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       133 

will  not  obey  arbitrary  Commands ;  and  this  is  com- An. 
monly  prac~tifed   by  his  Majefty,  and  on  his  Part : 
And  therefore  there  was  little  Reafon  to  charge  the 
Parliament  with  fo  neceflary  and  moderate  a  Con- 
tribution  as  the  twentieth  Part. 

*  It  is  declared,  That  the  King  expeffs  to  be  kept 
from  Tumults  and  ^fronts.  Upon  which  I  am  com- 
manded to  obferve,  That  his  Majefty' s  Expreffions, 
in  his  Anfwer,  tend  to  the  making  of  a  Divifion  in 
this  City,  and  to  the  raifmg  of  a  Party  which  may 
make  fome  Difturbance  in  that  orderly  Government 
which  is  now  eftablifhed  ;  both  which  will  certainly 
prove  equally  deftructive  to  him  and  both  Houfes 
of  Parliament ;  and  more  prejudicial  to  his  quiet 
Abode  here,  than  any  Thing  that  hath  ever  been 
acted  by  the  Houfes  of  Parliament,  or  the  prefent 
Governors  of  the  City. 

'  They  obferve  further  that,  in  this  Anfwer,  His 
Majefly  doth  profefs  that  he  will  feize  upon  the  Eftaies 
of  all  that  jhall  contribute  any  Thing  towards  the 
Maintenance  of  the  Parliament's  Army^  and  -will  put 
them  out  of  his  Protection ;  and,  by  his  Minifters  in 
foreign  States,  will  take  fuch  Courfe  that  they  may  bt 
proceeded  againjl  as  Enemies  j  that  is,  deftroyed  and 
Ipoiled.  To  which  the  Lords  and  Commons  do 
declare,  That  this  is  an  Excefs  of  Rigour  and  In- 
juftice  beyond  all  Example,  that  particular  Men 
Ihould  lofe  their  private  Eftates  here  without  Lav/ 
or  judicial  Proceeding  ;  and  that  our  Prince,  who 
owes  Protection  to  the  Kingdom  as  well  as  to  par- 
ticular Perfons,  fhould  fuffer  the  Wealth  thereof  to 
be  robbed  and  fpoiled  by  foreign  States  :  Upon  due 
Confideration  whereof,  they  hope  his  Majefty  will 
be  induced  by  better  Counfel  to  forbear  the  Execu- 
tion than  that  by  which  he  hath  been  perfuaded  to 
publifh  fuch  a  Refolution. 

'  Befides  thefe  Obfervatiors  out  of  the  Anfwer, 
I  am  to  obferve  one  out  of  a  Narrative  that  was  re- 
ceived from  the  Common  Council,  that  the  King 
did  declare,  That  he  would  fend  fome  MeJJengers  here 
to  obferve  your  Carriage  in  the  City^  and  what  was. 
done  amtjngjt  you*  The  Parliament  have  juft  Caufe 
13  to 


134    %be  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I. to  doubt,  that  thefe  will  be  Meflengers  of  Sedition 
and  Trouble  ;  and  therefore  defire  you  to  obferve 
them  and  find  them  out,  and  that  they  may  know 

^^  ^  ^^ 

4  I  am,  for  a  Conclufion,  to  commend  to  your 
Confiderations,  that  you  fee,  by  the  Proceedings  to 
which  the  King  is  drawn  by  the  ill  Counfel  now 
about  him,  that  Religion,  the  whole  Kingdom,  this 

S'orious  City,  and  the  Parliament,  are  all  in  great 
anger;  that  this  Danger  cannot  be  kept  off,  in  all 
Likelihood,  but  by  the  Army  that  is  now  on  Foot ; 
and  that  the  Lords  and  Commons  are  fo  far  from 
being  frighted  by  any  Thing  that  is  in  this  Anwer, 
that  they  have,  for  themfelves,  and  the  Members 
of  both  Houfes,  declared  a  further  Contribution  to- 
wards the  Maintenance  of  this  Army  ;  and  cannot 
but  hope  and  defire,  that  you  that  have  {hewed  fa 
jnuch  good  Affection,  in  the  former  Neceflities  of 
the  State,  will  be  fenfible  of  your  own,  and  of  the 
Condition  of  the  whole  Kingdom  j  and  add  to  that 
which  you  have  already  done  fome  further  Contribu- 
tion, whereby  this  Army  may  be  maintained  for  all 
your  Safeties. 

At  the  End  of  every  Period  of  this  Speech,  the  Afr- 
plaufe  was  fo  great,  that  he  was  fain  to  reft  till  Si- 
lencc  was  again  made  j  and,  at  lajl,  (the  Company 
ready  to  be  diffolved)  after  fome  Paufe  and  Conjulta- 
lion  with  the  Committee  of  Lords  and  Commons  then 
frefentt  and  by  their  Direftion,  Silence  being  made^ 
he  clofed  all  with  the  Words  following  : 

*  Worthy  Citizens,  you  have  underftood  the  Senfe 
of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  concerning  my  Lord 
Mayor  here,  and  thofe  worthy  Members  of  your 
City,  that  are  demanded  ;  you  have  heard  the  Par- 
liament declare,  That  they  will  protect  them  in  that 
which  they  have  done  by  Direction  of  both  Houfes  ; 
and  they  expect  that  you  fhould  exprefs  it  yourfelves 
likewife,  that  if  any  Violence  be  offered  to  them, 
you  will  fecure  and  defend  them  with  your  uttermoft 
Force ;  and  you  fhall  always  find,  that  this  Protec- 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       135 

tion  of  the  Parliament  fhall  not  only  extend  to  thefe,  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
but  to  all  others  that  have  done  any  Thing  by  their        l642> 
Command.'  ^j^,^ 

Which  Words  were  no  fooner  uttered,  but  the  Citi- 
zens, with  one  joint  Harmony  of  Minds  and  Voices^ 
gave  fuch  an  declamation  as  would  have  drowned  all 
the  former,  if  they  had  been  then  breathing  ;  whichy 
after  a  long  Continuance,  refolved  itfelf  into  this  more 
articulate  and  dijtincj  Voice,  We  will  live  and  die 
with  them,  We  will  live  and  die  with  them,  and 
the  like. 

So  that  in  the  managing  of  this  Day's  Work,  God 
was  fo  pleafed  to  manifejl  him/elf,  that  the  Well-af- 
fetted  went  away  not  Jlrengthened  only,  but  rejoicing  ; 
and  the  Malignants  (as  they  have  been  called)  fame 
convinced,  others  filenced,  many  ajhamed,  it  fully 
appearing  how  little  Power  they  had  to  anfwer  their 
De 'fires  of  doing  Mi f chief :  Whilji,  injlead  of  divi- 
ding the  City,  they  were  exceedingly  united ;  in/lead 
efa  Dijjipation,  thoufands  were  unexpectedly  br ought ^ 
as  it  were,  into  an  unthought-of  AJJociation,  to  live 
and  die  in  the  Defence  of  thefe  zealous  and  honourable 
AJfertors  of  their  Peace  and  Liberties  :  All  which  we 
may  fum  up  in  that  Triumph  of  the  Man  of  GW,  In 
the  Thing  wherein  they  dealt  proudly,  God  was 
above  them. 

The  ill  Reception  the  King's  Anfwer  to  the  City 
of  London'?,  Petition  met  with  at  the  Common-Hall, 
occafioned  his  Majefty  to  fend,  a  few  Days  after, 
the  following  Letter  and  Declaration  to  the  Sheriffs. 

Trujiy  and  Well-beloved,  we  greet  you  well, 

*  \7[7"-k  rece'vec^  a  Petition  lately  from  the  Al-TheKing'»Let- 
'     V V     dermen  and  Common   Council  of  W»r^tJftljJ2£" 

*  City  of  London,  by  the  Hands  of  Perfons  entrufted  Squiring  diem' 

*  by  them  for  the  Delivery,   who  found  fuch  a  Re- to  publi/h  his 

*  ception  from  us,  as  well  manifefted  our  Regard  to  [°reergoijlg  An" 

*  that  Body  which  fent  them  :    Though  we  well  w* 

*  knew  by  whom  that  Petition  was  framed,  and 

'  where 


136      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car.  i.c  where  perufed  and  examined  before  it  was  appro- 

1642.       «  ved  by  thole  from  whom  it  feemed  to  be  fent,  yet 

h»  •-'¥'"•  *J  i  we  were  fo  willing  to  enter  into  a  Correfpondencc 

January.      t  wjt^  t^at  our  City,  and  to  receive  any  Addrefs 

*  and  Application  from  them,  according  to  that  In- 

*  vita  io:i  we  had  given  by  our  late  Proclamation  ; 

*  and  were  fo  glad  to  find  that  there  was  yet  fome 
'  Hopes  they  would  look  to  the  Peace  and  Happi- 
4  nefs  of  that  City,    and  at  laft  fever  themfelves 

*  from  any  Faction  or  Dependence,  which  might 

*  infenfibly  involve  them  in  tbofe  Calamities  they 

*  did  not  forefee  j  that  we  returned  fuch  a  gracious 

*  Anfwer  thereunto,  fo  full  of  Candour  and  Affec- 
'  tion,  that  the  meaneft  Inhabitant  of  that  our  City, 
4  if  he  carefully  confider  the  fame,  will  find  himfelf 

*  concerned  in  it,  and  that  we  have  had  an  efpecial 

*  Care  of  his  Particular. 

'  With  this  Anfwer  of  ours  we  fent  a  Servant  of 
'  our  own,  in  the  Company  of  thofe  who  had  been 

*  fo  well  ufed  here,  to  require  and  fee  that  it  might 

*  be  communicated  to  the  whole  Body  of  that  our 

*  City ;  not  doubting  but  that  both  it,  and  the  Bring- 
<  er,  fhould   receive  fuch  Entertainment  there,  as 

*  might  manifeft  their  due  Regard  of  us,   and  of 

*  our  Affection  to  them  :  But,  to  our  great  Won- 

*  der,  we  find  that,  after  ten  Days  Attendance,  and! 

*  fuffering  a  ridiculous  Pamphlet  to  be  publifhed  in 

*  our  Name,  as  if  we  retracted  our  former  Refolu- 

*  tions,    (which  Pamphlet  we  have  caufed  to  be 

*  burned  by  the  Hand  of  the  Hangman,  as  we  alfo 
'  require  you  to  fee  done)  inftead  of  that  Admiflion 

*  we  expected  to  our  Meiienger  and  Meflage,  Guards 

*  of  armed  Men  have  been  brought  to  keep  our 

*  good  Subjects,  to  whom  that  our  Anfwer  was  di-> 

*  reeled,  from  being  preient  at  the  Reading  there- 
'  of ;  and  Speeches  have  been  made  by  Strangers, 
'  (who  have  been  admitted  to  the  City  Councils, 
'  contrary  to  the  Freedom  and   Cuftom   of  thofe 
'  Meetings)  to  blaft  our  faid  Anfwer,  and  to  difho- 
'  nour  and  (lander  us  ;  which  if  our  good  Subjects 
«  there  fhall  fuffer,  we  fiiall  be  much  difcouraged 

'  in 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D       137 

«  in  our  defired  Correfpondence  with  that  our  City, An-  »?•  Car«  *• 
'  and  fo,  by  the  Cunning  and  Power  of  thofe  Incen-  ^ ,— / 
'  diaries,  mentioned  in  our  Anfwer,  Alderman  Pen- 

*  nington,  (who  to  fhew  his  great  Loyalty  to  us, 

*  and  his  Fitnefs  to  be  Chief  Magiftrate  of  fuch  a 
«  City,  being  informed  that  a  defperate  Perfon  there 
c  faid,  That  he  hoped  Jhortly  to  -wajh  his  Hands  in  our 

*  Blood,  refufed  to  fend  any  Warrant,   or  to  give 
«  any  Direction  to  any  Officer,   for  his  Apprehen- 
'  fion)   Ven-t   Fowke^    and  Mamuarlng^  who  have 

*  plunged  that  our  City  into  fuch  unfpeakable  Cala- 

*  mities,  in  which  they  would  ftill  keep  it  to  cure 

*  their  own  defperate  Condition,  our  good  Subjects 

*  there  are  not  fuffered  to  receive  our  gracious  An- 

*  fwer  to  that  Petition. 

<  We  have  therefore  thought  fit  to  write  thefe 

*  our  Letters  to  you,  requiring  you,  the  Sheriffs  of 
'  our  faid  City,  to  take  Care  for  the  publifhing  that 

*  our  Anfwer  (which  we  herewith  fend  you)  to  our 

*  good  Subjects  of  that  our  City  :  And  our  Pleafure 
'  is,  That  you  the  Matters  and  Wardens  of  the 
6  feveral  Companies  of  our  faid  City  forthwith  fum- 
'  mon  all  the  Members  of  your  feveral  Companies, 
4  with   all  the  Freemen   and   Apprentices  (whofe 
c  Hopes  and  Interefts  are  fo  much  blafted  in  thefe 
6  general  Diffractions)  belonging  thereunto,  to  ap- 
'  pear  at  their  feveral  Halls  j  where  you  fhall  caufe 
'  our  faid  Anfwer,  together  with  thefe  our  Letters, 

*  to  be  publickly  read  ;  that  all  our  good  Subjects 
6  may  clearly  understand  how  far  we  have  been  from 
4  begetting,  how  far  we  are  from  continuing  or 
6  nourifhing,  thefe  unnatural  Civil  Diflentions  ;  and 
'  how  much  it  is  in  their  own  Power  to  remove  the 
'  prefent  Preffures,  and  to  eftablifli  the  future  Hap- 
'  pinefs  and  Glory  of  that  famous  City ;  and  may 
'  ferioufly  weigh  every  Part  of  that  our  Anfwer, 
f  as  well  that  which  carries  Caution  in  it  for  the 
'  future,   as  Pardon  for  what  is  paft :  For  aflure 

*  yourfelves,  for  the  Time  to  come,  we  (hall  pro- 

*  ceed  with  all  Severity  againft  fuch  who  fhall  in- 

*  cur  the  Penalty  of  the  Law,  in  thofe  Points,  of 

*  which  we  have  given  them  fo  fair  a  Warning  in 

*  our 


138       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car.  I. c  our  faid  Anfwer  :  And  whofoever  (hall  not  behave 
«  himfelf  like  a  good  Subject  in  this  our  Kingdom, 
<  flja|]  notj  jf  we  can  heip  jt>  receive  the  Benefit 
4  ^^  Advantage  of  being  our  Subject  in  any  other  ; 
'  but  all  foreign  Princes  fhall  know,  that  as  fuch  Per- 

*  fon  hath  parted  with  his  Loyalty  to  us,  fo  he  mull 
4  not  hope  for  any  Security  by  us  ;  and,  to  that  Pur- 

*  pofe,  we  fhall  henceforward  have  a  very  inquifitive 

*  Eye  upon  the  Actions  of  all  our  Subjects,  that 

*  fome  Example  may  be  made,  how  eafy  it  is  for  us 

*  to  punifh  their  Difloyakies  abroad,  who,  for  a 

*  Time,  may  avoid  our  Juftice  at  home. 

*  And,  to  the  End  that  none  of  our  good  Sub- 
'  je6ls  of  that  our  City  may  think  themfelves  bound 
'  to  obey  any  of  the  Orders  or  Commands  of  the 

*  pretended  Lord  Mayor,  whom  we  have  and  do 
'  flill  accufe  of  High  Treafon,  and  confpiring  to  take 

*  our  Life  from  us,  it  is  well  known  to  thole  Citi- 

*  zens,  who  underftand  the  Charter  of  that  City,  (fo 

*  amply  granted  by  our  Royal  Progenitors,  and  fo 
'  gracioufly  confirmed  by  us,  and  of  which  we  pre- 

*  fume  our  good  Subjects  there  do  (till  defire  to  re- 

*  ceive  the  Benefit)  that  the  faid  Ifaac  Pennington 

*  was  never  regularly  elected,  or  lawfully  admitted, 
'  to  the  Office  of  Lord  Mayor  of  that  our  City  ;  that 
c  in  Truth  Alderman  Cordwett  was,  by  the  Plurality 
'  of  Voices,  chofen ;  and  that  this  Map  was  never 

*  prefented  to,  or  admitted  by  us,  in  fuch  Manner 
'  as  is  prefcribed  by  their  Charter ;  neither  had  that 
'  J^ge,  wno  piefumed  to  fwear  him,  any  more 

*  Colour  of  Law  or  Authority  to  adminifter  fuch 

*  an  Oath  to  him,  than  he  hath  to  do  the  fame  To- 
'  morrow  to  any  other  Alderman  of  the  City  :  And 
'  we  do  therefore  hereby  declare  the  faid  Ifaac  Pen- 

*  nington   not   to   be  Mayor  of  that  our  City  of 
'  London^  and  to  have  no  lawful  Authority  to  exer- 
'  cife  the  fame  ;  and  that  our  good  Subjects  of  that 

*  our  City  ought  not  to  fubmit  to  any  Orders,  Di- 
'  regions,  or  Commands,  which  fhall  ifiue  from  him 

*  as  Lord  Mayor  of  that  our  City  j  but  that  the  fame 

*  are  void,  and  of  none  ErTeft. 

«  Apd 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      139 

e  And  we  do  once  more  require  you  the  Sheriffs  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
'  of  our  faid  City,  and  all  other  the  Magiftrates  of 
4  the  fame,  in  which  all  our  good  Subjects  of  that 
4  City  will  aflift  you,  that  you  caufe  the  faid  Ifaac 

*  Pennington,  Ven,  Fowke,  and  Man-waring,  to  be 

*  apprehended  and  committed  to  fafe  Cuftody  ;  that 
4  we  may  proceed  againft  them  as  guilty  of  High 

*  Treafon,  and  as  the  principal  Authors  of  thofe  Ca- 
'  lamities  which  are  now  fo  heavy  upon  our  poor 
4  Subjects  of  that  City ;  which,  if  not  fuddenly  re- 
4  medied,  will  in  a  fhort  Time  utterly  confound  a 
4  Place  and  a  People,  lately  of  fo  flourifhing  an  Efti- 
4  mation  in  all  the  Parts  of  Chriftendom. 

'  And  whereas  we  are  informed  that  one  Brown, 

*  a  Woodmonger,  Titchborne,  a  Linendraper,  and 
4  one  Harvey,  a  Silkman,  have  exercifed  great  In- 
4  folencies  and  Outrages  in  that  our  City ;  and  when 

*  many  of  our  good   Subjects  there  have  affem- 
4  bled  together,  in  a  peaceable  and  modeft  Manner, 
4  to  confult  about  the  Peace  and  Welfare  of  that  City, 

*  the  faid  mutinous  and  feditious  Perfons  have  pre^ 

*  fumed  to  lead  Multitudes  of  armed  Men  againft 
4  them  ;  and,  by  fuch  Force,  have  beaten,  wounded, 
4  and  killed  our  good  Subjeds :  Our  Will  and  Plea- 
4  fure  is,  That  if  the  faid  Brown,  Titcbborne,  and 
4  Harvey,  or  either  of  them,  fhall  fo  far  neglect  our 
4  gracious  Offer  of  Pardon,  as  frill  to  engage  them- 

*  felves  in  thofe  unwarrantable  and  feditious  Courfes, 

*  you,  our  Sheriffs  of  London,  do  raife  Power  to 
4  fupprefs  the  faid  Force  j  and  that  you,  and  all  our 
4  Minifters  of  Juftice,  ufe  your  utmoft  Means  to 

*  apprehend  the  faid  Perfons,  and  to  bring  them  to 
4  condign  Punifhment :  And  we  do  hereby  declare, 
4  That  it  fhall  be  lawful  for  any  of  our  loving  Sub- 
4  je£ts  to  refift  and  oppofe  the  faid  Perfons,  if  they 

*  fhall  hereafter,  in  fuch  a  warlike  Mannner,  en- 

*  deavour  to  moleft  them,  as  they  would  do  Rebels 
4  and  Traitors. 

4  And  we  hope  that  all  our  good  Subjects  of  that 
4  our  much -injured  City  of  London  do  take  Notice 
c  of  our  Grace  and  Favour  towards  them,  in  our 

4  fo 


140     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I. '  fo  freely  paffing  by  and  pardoning    the  Offences 

1642.        <  there  committed  againft  us,  as  we  have  offered  by 

CT~V-"""''    '  our  Proclamation  and  our  late  Anfwer ;    and  of 

«  our  very  earned  Defire  to  be  with  them,  and  to 

c  refide  amongft  them  for  their  Comfort,  Support, 

'  and  Protection  ;  if  they  (hall,  by  firft  providing 

'  for  their  own  Security,   in  fuch  Manner  as  we 

*  have  directed  them  in  our  late  Anfwer,  give  us  an 

*  Inftance  that  we  may  be  fafe  there  too  ;  and  that 
'  they  do  likewife  obferve,  that,  being  by  fuch  Vio- 

*  lence  kept  from  them,  we  have  done  our  utmofl 
'  Endeavour  to  continue  and  advance  the  decayed 

*  Trading  of  that  our  City,  by  permitting  and  en- 
'  couraging  all  Refort  and  Traffick  thither ;    and 
'  therefore  if,   by  the  flopping  of  Carriages,  and 

*  feizing  Commodities  by  other  Men,    the  Com- 
'  merce  and  Correfpondence  be  broken  between 
'  that  Place  and  our  good  Subjects  of  other  Counties, 
'  they  will  impute  that  Mifchief  to  the  true  Authors 
'  of  it,  and  look  upon  us  only  as  not  able  to  help 
«  them.  « 

'  Do  but  your  Duties,  and  this  Cloud,  which 
''threatens  a  prefent  Confufion,  will  quickly  vanifh 
'  away ;  and  you-  will  enjoy  all  the  Bleffings  of  a 

*  happy  Nation,  to  the  which  no  Endeavour  of  ours 

*  (hall  be  wanting.' 

Givtn  at  our  Court  at  Oxford,  this  i"]tb  Day  of 
January,  1642. 

'The 

»  This  Paflage  of  the  King's  Letter  feems  to  allude  to  a  Declara- 
tion of  Parliament  made  the  qth  of  this  Month,  whereby  it  was 
ordained,  •  That  no  Ships  whatfoever  fliould,  from  thenceforth,  make 
any  Voyage  for  the  fetching  ot  CCM!S  or  Salt  from  Nevucaftlc,  S*n- 
derlar.d,  or  Blytbc  j  or  carrying  of  Corn,  or  other  Provillon  of 
Victual,  untill  the  Town  of  Nnacaftle  fhould  be  freed  from  the 
Forces  there  raifed,  or  maintained,  againft  the  Parliameut ;  and  that 
Town  be  reduced  into  fuch  Hands,  and  Condition,  as  ihould  d*-' 
clare  themfelvc*  for  King  and  Parliament.  And  that  if  any  Ship 
fhould,  at  any  Time  after  the  firft  of  February  then  next  coming, 
bring  into  any  Port  or  Place  of  this  Kingdom,  any  Coals  or  Salt  la- 
den from  Niwcajlle,  Sundcrland,  or  Blytbc,  or  any  of  them,  untill 
further  Order  be  taken  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  that  every 
fuch  Ship,  and  the  Matter  and  Sailors  in  the  fame,  ftould  be  fci/cd 
upon,  and  frayed  in  fuch  Port  and  Place  where  they  come  in,  untill 
the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament,  being  thereof  infoimcd,  fhculd  tske 
further  Order  and  Direction  therein.' 


Of   E  N  G  LAND.       141 

The  Sheriffs  having  acquainted  both  Houfes  of  An,  18.  Car.  I. 
their  Receipt  of  the  foregoing  Letter  from  the  King,        ^**- 
the  feveral  Companies  were  forbid  to  afiemble  at    *"""" v—- *; 
their  Halls  according  to  his  Majefty's  Order,  and      •'am 
the  Lord  Mayor  and  Sheriffs  were  defired  to  take 
fpecial  Care  to  prevent  the  fame  :  And  fome  Ma-  Which  the  Par- 
fters  of  Companies,  that  were  chief  Promoters 
oppofing  this  Order  of  Parliament,  were  taken  into 
Cuftody. 

Thus  much  for  the  Proceedings    of  the  Com- 
mittees at  the  Guildhall  in  London^  and  the  Confe- 

quences  of  that  Meeting  : It  is  now  high  Time 

to  return,  and  fee  what  other  Bufinefs  was  doing 
at  Weftminfter. 

On  the  1 6th  of  this  Month  the  Commons  made 
an  Order,  That  no  Carriers,  Waggoners,  Carts, 
or  Waggons,  or  Horfes  laden  with  any  Commo-vifions  from  §o- 
dities  whatfoever,  fhould  be  permitted  hereafter  to  ing  to  the  King's 
go  to  Oxford^  or  any  Part  of  the  King's  Army, Army>  ®"fi 
with  any  Manner  of  Provifions,  without  the  fpe- 
cial Licenfe  of  that  Houfe  :  And  in  cafe  of  Dif- 
obedience  to  fuch  Order,  their  Perfons  and  Goods 
fhould  be  feized  upon,  and  kept  in  fafe  Cuftody. 
And  that  diligent  Search  be  made  for  any  Monies 
that  may  be  carried,  or  conveyed,  by  any  Perfon  to 
Oxford :  Alfo  another  Order,  That  if  any  Agent, 
or  Servant,  to  any  Perfon  bearing  Arms  againft  the 
Parliament,  fhould  prefume  to  come  to  Wejlmlnfler^ 
or  refide  about  London^  they  mould  be  forthwith 
apprehended  as  Spies,  and  proceeded  againft  accord- 
ingly. 

About  this  Time  the  King  having  iflued  out  a 
Proclamation  for  adjouring  all  the  Courts  of  Juftice, 
the    next  Term,  from  London   and  Wefiminfter  to The  K;ng  3d- 
Oxford^  this  was  thought  fo  prejudicial  to  the  Pub- joums  the  Ter 
Jic,  that   the   Parliament  forbad  the  Officers  be- t 
longing  to  the  faid  fevera!  Courts  to  obey  this  Pro- 
clamation, or  the  King's  Letters  fent  to  the  princi- 
pal Perfons  concerned  in  them.     However,  at  the 
fame  Time,  they  thought  fit  to  fend  a  Petition  to 

his 


142     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car.  I.  his  Majefty,  ofFering  Reafons  againft  the  faid  Re- 
moval, and  praying  that  the  King  would  revoke* 
j^^T"^    his  Orders  therein  :  To  this  the  Lords  received  an 
Anfwer,  which  was  read  in  their  Houfe,  on  the  i8th 
of  this  Month,  and  was  to  this  Effect :  b 

His  Majefty's    <  T  TIS  Majefty  hath  ferioufly  weighed  the  Rea- 
Reafcns  for  fo  t  J--^   fonSj  prefented  unto  him  by  both  Houfes  of 

«  Parliament,  to  induce  his  Majefty  to  revoke  his 

*  late  Proclamation  for  the  adjourning  of  the  Term, 
'  and  returns  this  Anfwer : 

'  That  the  Lord- Keeper  of  the  Great  Seal  of 

*  England  being,  in  regard  of  his  Majefty's   mod 
'  important  Affairs,  neceffarily  to  attend  his  Maje- 

*  fty,  his  Majefty  hath  likewife  appointed  his  High 
6  Court  of  Chancery  to  be  held  in  the  Place  where 

*  his  Majefty  refides  ;  that  fo  his  Subjects  may  have 

*  their  Caufes  determined  by  the  Supreme  Judge  of 
«  that  Court :  But  is  well  content  that  the  Mafters  of 

*  the  Chancery,  that  are  Afiiftants  to  the  Houfe  of 
'  Peers,  (hall,  notwithftanding  his  faid  Proclama- 
'  tion,  continue  their  Attendance  upon  that  Houfe 

*  where  they  are  Afliftants. 

4  For  his  Court  of  Wards,  upon  which  fo  eflcn- 
c  tial  a  Part  of  his  Majefty's  Revenue  depends,  it 

*  concerned  him  to  draw  the  fame  to  him ;  fmce, 
'  being  at  London,  it  will  prove  of  no  Advantage  or 
6  Supply  to  his  Majefty's  Occafions,  by  reafon  of 

*  the  Stops  there  of  all  Money  from  coming  to  him  : 
«  And  therefore  he  {hall  expecl  the  Prefence  of  the 
'  Council  of  that  Court  here,  the  Time  of  the  Term 

*  being  fo  fhort  that  they  may  fpeedily  return  again 

*  to  the  Service  of  the  Houfes,  who  have  not  ufed 

*  to  deny  their  Members  Leave,  for  fo  mort  a  Time, 

*  to  attend  his  Majefty's  Service,  to  which  by  Lavr 
'  they  are  bound  ;  befides  that  his  Majefty  doubts 

*  not  but  he  may,   for  a  convenient  Time,   upon 

*  prefling  and  urgent  Occafions,  efpecially  for  the 

•Dif- 

t>  From  tbe  Lords  Journal*  :  This  Anfv.er  cf  the  King  is  omitted 
by  Rujhwortb  and  HuJlanJt, though  the  following  Ordinance,  in  Re- 
ply to  it,  is  inferred  in  both  thofc  Collections. 


Of     ENGLAND.         143 

1  Difcharge  of  another  neeeflary  Duty,  difpenfe  with  A 

*  a  Peer's  Attendance  upon  the  Houfe,  without  any 
«  Breach  of  Privilege,  feeing  it  hath  not  been  denied 

*  in  former  Parliaments. 

'  For  the  Danger  of  his  Majefty's  Subjects  in  their 
'  Paflage,  by  reafon  of  the  feveral  Armies,  his  Ma- 
'  jefty  doth  not  know  that  they  are  to  pafs  through 
c  more  Armies  to  his  City  of  Oxford^  than  they 

*  muft  to  his  City  of  London;  or  that  the  Courts  of 
'  Juftice  cannot  proceed  with  the  fame  Freedom  and 
'  Liberty  where  his  Majefty's  Army  is,  as  where 
'  there  is  an  Army  againft  him  ;  but  his  Majefty  will 
«  take  Care  that  his  good  Subjects  (hall  no  way  fuffer 
5  by  his  Army  here,  which  he  can,  by  no  Means, 
'  undertake  for  the  other  Army  at  London. 

'  For  the  Records  of  the  feveral  Courts,  his  Ma- 
c  jefty  expects  and  requires  Obedience  from  the  Of- 
'  fleers  thereof,  according  to  his  Proclamation ;  as  no 
4  doubt  his  Subjects  will  take  Care  for  the  particular 

*  Evidences  that  concern  themfelves ;  and  for  the 
'  fafe  Carriage  and  Conveyance  of  both,   that  they 

*  fuffer  not,  in  the  leaft  Degree,  by  his  Majefty's 
'  Army,  his  Majefty  will  furely  provide ;    neither 
'  can  the  Prejudice  be  great  to  his  Subjects,  the 

*  Courts  of  Equity  being  no  further  removed  from 
'  the  Courts  of  Law. 

'  The  Reafon  of  his  Majefty's  Adjournment  of 
c  the  Courts  of  Law  till  Craftino  Purijicationis,  is 

*  for  the  great  Danger  his  good  Subjects  muft  un- 

*  dergo  by  pafiing  through  the  Armies :   And  his 
'  Majefty  much  fears  his  good  Subjects  will  have 
'  little  Benefit  by  their  legal  Proceedings,  whilft  his 
'  Majefty  and  the  Law  are  no  better  able  to  defend 
'  one  another. 

«  For  thefe  Reafons,  and  thofe  exprefled  in  his 

*  Proclamation,  his  Majefty  can  by  no  Means  re- 
'  voke  his  faid  Proclamation ;  but  it  being  his  un- 
1  doubted  Right  to  adjourn  or  remove  the  Terms  to 
c  what  Place  he  pleafes,  if  he  hath  yet  any  undoubt- 

*  ed  Right,  his  Majefty  expects  Obedience  to  his 
'  faid  Proclamation  and  to  every  Part  thereof.' 

This 


144-        eflx  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.      This  Anfwer  of  the  King's  was  ordered  to  be 
communicated  to  the  Commons  :  And,  a  few  Days 
Houfes  patted  the  following  Ordinance, 
to  juftify  their  Conduct  in  not  fuffering  the  Adjourn- 
ment of  the  Courts  to  Oxford. 

An  Ordinance  of  <  rr]  H  E  Lords  and  Commons  having  taken  into 
biddin^n ''obe- '  A  their  fer'°us  Confideration  a  Proclamation, 
dience  to^the  '  dated  at  Oxford  the  27th  of  December  laft,  for 
King's  Proda-  <  the  adjourning  of  the  Court  of  Chancery,  the 
'cht  Court  of  Wards  and  Liveries,  the  Duchy  of 
'  Lancafter,  the  Court  of  Requefts,  the  Receipt  of 

*  his  Majefty 's  Exchequer,  and  of  the  Firft  Fruits 

*  and  Tenths,  from  the  City  of  Weftminjler  unto 

*  the  City  of  Oxford;  and  for  adjourning  the  Courts 

*  of  King's  Bench,  Common  Pleas,  and  Exchequer, 
'  unto  the  Return  Craftino  Purifications,  found  it  to 

*  tend  much  to  the  Prejudice  of  the  Commonwealth 
'  to  remove  the  faid  Courts  and  Receipts  to  Oxford^ 

*  where  the  Body  of  an  Army,  raifed  againft  the 
'  Parliament  and  the  Authority  thereof,  now  re- 

*  fides  ;  and  therefore,  in  Performance  of  the  Duty 

*  and  Truft  repofed  in  them  by  the  Kingdom,  whom 

*  they  reprefent,  did  exhibit  their  humble  Advice  and 

*  Petition  to  his  Majefty,  with  the  Reafons  indu- 

*  cing  them  thereunto,  to  revoke  the  faid  Procla- 
'  mation ;  and,  with  all  Humility,  defiied  that  the 

*  faid  Courts  and  Receipts  might  be  kept  at  their  fe- 

*  veral  ufual  Places  and  Times,  and  not  at  Oxford  : 
c  But  his  Majefty,  giving  ftill  more  Credit  to  the 
'  Suggeftions  of  thofe  wicked  and  malignant  Per- 

*  fons  that  yet  encompafs  him,  than  to  his  higheft 

*  and  moft  faithful  Council,  returned  his  negative 

*  Anfwer,  and  exprefly  denied  to  repeal  this  Procla- 
'  mation : 

'  Now,  the  Lords  and  Commons  clearly  difcover- 
'  ing  the  great  Inconveniences  and  Mifchiefs  that 

*  neceflarily  muft   happen   to   his   Majefty's   moft 

*  faithful  and  beft-afTecled  Subjects,  in  cafe  thofe 

*  Courts  and  Receipts  be  removed  to  Oxford;  where 
'  fuch  of  them  as  have  Occafion  to  attend,  cannot, 

*  with 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        145 

'  with  any  Safety  to  their  Perfons  and  Eftates,  repair;  An.  18.  Car.  r. 
«  his  Majefty  having,  in  effeft,  declared  all  Perfons        l6*4- 
'  that  have  contributed  any  thing  in  Aid  or  Defence    '~i~u~ ~~* 
'  of  the  Parliament,  and  the  Privileges  thereof,  to 

*  be   guilty  of  High  Treafon ;  and,  in  purfuance 
'  thereof,  by  the  Force  and  Power  of  the  Army 
'  there  remaining,  have  feized  upon  many  of  their 
'  Perfons,  where  they  are  detained  Prifoners,  and 
'  fome  proceeded  againft  as  Traitors ;  having  no- 
'  thing  laid  to  their  Charge  but  their  affifting  the 

*  Parliament,  and  oppofing  that  Army  raifed  to  de- 
'  firoy  it  and  the  Kingdom :  And  finding  that  di- 

*  vers,  both  Judges  and  others,  whofe  Attendance 
'  upon  the  faid  Courts  and  Receipts  will  be  necef- 

*  fary,  confift  of  Perfons    that  are  Members   and 
'  Afllftants  to  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  whofe 

*  Prefence  at  this  Time  cannot  be  fpared  j  and  that 
'  if  the  Records,  neceflary  to  be  ufed  in  the  faid 

*  Courts,  fhould  be  removed  from  the  ufual  Places 

*  towards  Oxford,  in  a  Time  when  two  Armies  are 

*  refiding  near  thereabouts,  it  would  endanger  the 
'  Mifcarriage  of  them  ;  which   might   ruin  many 
•*  of  his  Majefty's  Subjects,  whofe  Eftates  depend 
c  thereupon  :  And  that  fo  long  a  Diftance  between, 

*  the  faid  Courts  of  Law  and  Equity,  which  have 

*  neceflary  Dependence  one   upon  another,  would 

*  prove  exceeding  prejudicial  to  many,  thought  it 

*  their  Duty,  in  Difcharge  of  the  Truft  repofed  in. 

*  them   by  the   Commonwealth,    as  much    as   in 

*  them  liet-h,  to  preven  t  the  faid  Inconveniences  : 
'  And  therefore  do  hereby  declare  and  order,  That 
'  no  Judge,  Minifter,  or  other  Perfon  belonging  to 

*  any  of  the  faid  Courts  or  Receipts,  (hall  repair  to 

*  the  faid  City  of  Oxford;  or  do  or  execute  any 

*  thing  belonging  to  the  faid  Offices  and  Employ- 
«  ments,  but  in  Places  ufual  for  the  doing  and  exe- 

*  cuting  thereof:  And  that  no  Member  of,  or  Af- 
'  fiftant  to,  any  of  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament, 

*  that   have  any  Place,    Office,    or  Employment, 

*  about  any   of  the  faid  Courts  or  Receipts,  fhall 
'  prefume  to  depart  from  their  Attendance  on  Par- 

*  liament,  without  the  fpecial  Leave  of  that  Houfe 

VOL.  XII.  K  *  where- 


146       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.*  whereof  they  are  Members  or  Aluftants :  And  that 

'  no  Perfon  fhall  remove,  or  caufe  to  be  removed, 

T~W  c  any  Records  or  Writings  of  any  of  the  faid  Courts  or 

'      '  Receipts  to  or  towards  the  City  of  Oxford.     And 

4  the  Lords  and  Commons  do  declare,  That  if  any 

*  Perfon  fhall  difobey  this  Order,  they  will  proceed 

*  againft  them  as  wilful  Contemners  of  the  Autho- 
'  rity  of  Parliament,  and  Difturbers  of  the  Peace  of 
'  the  Kingdom. 

*  And  it  is  further  declared  and  ordered  by  the  faid 

*  Lords  and  Commons,  That  no  Judgment,  De- 

*  cree,  Order,   and  Proceedings  whatfoever,  that 

*  fhall  be  given,  made,  or  had,  by  or  in  any  of  the 

*  faid  Courts  or  Receipts,  out  of  the  ufual  Places 

*  where  the  faid  Courts  and  Receipts  have  been  ac- 
'  cuftomed  to  be  held  and  kept,  fhall  bind  any  Per- 

*  fon  that  fhall  or  may  be  concerned  therein,  with- 

*  out  his  own  voluntary  Confent :  And  that  the  faid 

*  Lords  and  Commons  will,  by  the  Authority  of 

*  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  protect  and  keep  in- 

*  demnified  all  Judges,  Officers,  and  other  Perlbns, 

*  from  any  Damage  or  Inconvenience  that  may  or 
'  can  happen  to  them  for  yielding  Obedience  to  this, 

*  Ordinance.' 

The  Commons  had  been,  all  the  latter  End  of 
this  Month,  fully  employed  in  fettling  the  feveral 
Articles,  by  way  of  Propofitions,  to  be  prefented  to 
the  King,  for  a  gener..!  Pacification,  which  had  been 
fenf  down  to  them  from  the  Lords.  Alter  feveral 
Conferences,  Altercations,  and  Emendations  made 
by  both  Houfes,  and  ftveral  Divifions  on  the  prin- 
cipal Heads  by  the  latter,  they  were  at  laft  finifhed 
on  the  2jth.  And  a  Committee,  confiding  of  four 
Lords  and  eight  Commoners,  was  appointed  to  go 
to  Oxford,  for  whom  a  Letter  of  Safe  Conduct  was 
defired.  The  King  immediately  returned  one,  and, 
on  the  firft  Day  of  February*  the  following  Propofi- 
tions were  prefented  to  his  Majefty,  at  Oxford^  by 
the  Parliament's  Commiffioners  appointed  for  that 
Purpofe.  Their  Titles  and  Names  were,  the  Earls 
of  Northumberland^  Pembroke?  Saru/n}  and  Holland ; 

for 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         147 

for  the  Commons,  the  Lords  IVenman  and  Dungar-  An.  18.  Car. 
i)on^  Sir  John  Holland,  Sir  JVilliam  Litton^  the  Hon. 
William    Pierpoint,   Buljirode   Wbitlocke^  Edmund 
Waller >  and  Richard  Win-wood^  Efqrs. 

The  HUMBLE  DESIRES  and  PROPOSITIONS  of  the 
Lords  and  Csmmons  in  Parliament  ajjembled^  ten- 
dered unto  his  Majejly^  Feb.  i,  1642. 

'  "\T  7"E  your  Majefty's  moft  humble  and  faith- The  Parli 
'     VV     ful  Subjefts,  the  Lords  and  Commons  inment's  P 
«  Parliament  aflembled,  having  in  our  Thoughts  the p°nfjntf°dr  tP0eatche; 
e  Glory  of  God,  your  Majefty's  Honour,  and  the  King  at  Oxford. 

*  Profperity  of  your  People  ;  and  being  moft  grie- 
'  voufly  afflicted  with  the  prefling  Miferies  and  Ca- 
'  Jamities  which  have  overwhelmed  your  two  King- 

*  doms  of  England  and  Ireland^   fince  your  Majefty 
'  hath,  by  the  Perfuafion  of  evil  Counfellors,  withr 

*  drawn  yourfelf  from  the  Parliament,   raifed  an 

*  Army  againft  it,  and,  by  Force  thereof,  protected 
4  Delinquents  from  the  Juftice  of  it ;  conftraining 
'  us  to  take  Arms  for  the  Defence  of  our  Religion, 
'  Laws,  Liberties,  Privileges  of  Parliament,  and  for 

*  the  Sitting  of  the  Parliament  in  Safety  ;   which 
'  Fears  and  Dangers  are  continued  and  increafed  by 
'  the  raifing,  drawing  together,  and  arming  of  great 
'  Numbers  of  Papifts  under  the  Command  of  the 

*  Earl  of  Newca/lle  ;  likewife  by  making  the  Lord 

*  Herbert  of  Ragland,  and   other  known  Papifts, 

*  Commanders   of  great  Forces ;   whereby  many 

*  grievous  Oppreffions,  Rapines,  and  Cruelties  have 

*  been,  and  are  daily,  exerciied  upon  the  Perfons  and 
'  Eftates  of  your  People  ;  much  innocent  Blood  hath 
4  been  fpilt,  and  the  Papifts  have  attained  Means  of 
'  attempting,  with  Hopes  of  effecting,  their  mifchie- 
'  vous  Defign  of  rooting  out  the  Reformed  Religion, 

*  and  deftroying  the  Profefibrs  thereof.     In  the  ten- 
'  der  Senfe  and  Companion  of  thefe  Evils,  under 
'  which  your  People  and  Kingdom  lie,   (according 
4  to  the  Duty  which  we  owe  to  God,  your  Maje- 
'  fty,   and  the  Kingdom  for  which  we  are  trufted) 
f  do  moft  earneftly  defire  that  an  End  may  be  put 

K    2  4  to 


148       'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.c  to  thefe  great  Diftempers  and  DiftracTions,  for 

164*.       t  tne   preventing  of  that    Defolation  which  doth 

*^TTV~~J    *  threaten  all  your  Majeftv's  Dominions ;  and  as 

e  ruary,     ,  we  have  rendered,  and  ftill  are  ready  to  render, 

*  to  your  Majefty,  that  Subjection,  Obedience,  and 
'  Service,  which  we  owe  unto  you  ;  fo  we  moft 

*  humbly    befeech    your    Majefty   to   remove   the 
'  Caufes  of  this  War,  and  to  vouchfafe  us  that 

*  Peace  and  Protection  which  we  and  our  Anceftors 
'  have  formerly  enjoyed  under  your  Majefty  and 
'  your  Royal  Predeceflbrs,  and  gracioufly  to  accept 

*  and  grant  thefe  our  moft  humble  Defires  and  Pro- 
'  pofitions  : 

I.  *  That  your  Majefty  will  be  pleafed  to  difband 
'  your  Armies,  as  we  likewife  (hall  be  ready  to  dif- 
'  band  all  thofe  Forces  which  we  have  raifed  ;   and 
'  that  you  will  be  pleafed  to  return  to  your  Parlia- 
4  jnent. 

II.  c  That  you  will  leave  Delinquents  to  a  legal 

*  Trial,  and  Judgment  of  Parliament. 

III.  *  That  the  Papifts  may  not  only  be  difbanded, 
'  but  difarmed  according  to  Law. 

IV.  '  That  your  Majefty  will  be  pleafed  to  give 

*  your  Royal  Aflent  untd  the  Bill  for  taking  away 

*  fuperftittous  Innovations  :  To  the  Bill  for  the  utter 

*  abolifhing  and  taking  away  of  all  Archbifhops, 
4  Bifhops,    their   Chancellors    and    Commiflaries, 
'  Deans,  Sub-Deans,  Deans  and  Chapters,  Archdea- 
'  cons,  Canons,  and  Prebendaries,  and  all  Chaun- 

*  ters,   Chancellors,    Treafurers,    Sub-Treafurers, 

*  Succentors,  and  Sacrifts  ;  and  all  Vicars  Choral, 
'  Choirifters,  old  Vicars  and  new  Vicars  of  any  Ca- 
'  thedral  or  Collegiate  Church,  and  all  other  their 

*  Under- Officers  out  of  the  Church  of  England : 
'  To  the  Bill  ngainft  fcandalous  Minifters :  To  the 

*  Bill  againft  Pluralities  :    And  to  the  Bill  for  Con - 
'  fultation  to  be  had  with  Godly,  Religious,  and 

*  Learned  Divines.  That  your  Majefty  will  be  plca- 
e  fed  to  promifc  to  pafs  fuch  other  good  Bills  for 

*  fettling  of  Church-Government,  as,  upon  Con- 
'  fultation  with  the  Aflembly  of  the  faid  Divines, 

«  fliall 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        149 

<  {hall  be  refolved  on  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  An.  18.  Car.  f. 

*  and,  by  them,  be  prefented  to  your  Majefty. 

V.  *  That  your  Majefty  having   exprefled,  in 

*  your  Anfwer  to  the  Nineteen  Propofitions  of  both 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament,   an  hearty  Affe&ion  and 

*  Intention  for  the  rooting  out  of  Popery  out  of 
«  this  Kingdom ;  and  that  if  both  the  Houfes  of  Par- 

*  liament  can  yet  find  a  more  effedtual  Courfe  to 

*  difable  Jefuits,  Priefts,  and  Popifh  Recufants,  from 

*  difturbing  the  State  or  eluding  the  Laws,  that  you 
'  would  willingly  give  your  Confent  unto  it  j  that 
'  you  would  be  gracioufly  pleafed,  for  the  better 

*  Difcovery  and  fpeedier  Convidtion  of  Recufants, 
«  that  an  Oath  may  be  eftablifhed  by  A£t  of  Par- 
'  liament,  to  be  adminiftered  in  fuch  Manner  as  by 
«  both  Houfes  fhall  be  agreed  on  ;  wherein  they  fhall 
'  abjure  and  renounce  the  Pope's  Supremacy,  the 

*  Doctrine  of  Tranfubftantiation,  Purgatory,  wor- 

*  fhipping  of  the  confecrated  Hoft,  Crucifixes,  and 
'  Images ;   and  the  refufing  the  faid  Oath,  being 
'  tendered  in  fuch  Manner  as  fhall  be  appointed  by 
«  Adi:  of  Parliament,  (hall  be  a  fufficient  Convic- 

*  tion,  in  Law,  of  Recufancy.     And  that  your  Ma- 

*  jefty  will  be  gracioufly  pleafed  to  give  your  Royal 

*  AfTent  unto  a  Bill  for  the  Education  of  the  Chil- 
«  dren  of  Papifts,  by  Proteftants,  in  the  Proteftant 
«  Religion.     That  for  the  more  effectual  Execution 
'  of  the  Laws  againft  Popifh  Recufants,  your  Ma- 

*  jefty  will  be  pleafed  to  confent  to  a  Bill  for  the 
'  true  levying  of  the  Penalties  againft  them  ;  and 

*  that  the  fame  Penalties  may  be  levied  and  difpofed 

*  of  in  fuch  Manner  as  both  Houfes  of  Parliament 
'  (hall  agree  on,  fo  as  your  Majefty  be  at  no  Lofs. 
'  And  likewife  to  a  Bill,  whereby  the  Practice  of 

*  Papifts  againft  the  State  may  be  prevented,  and 

*  the  Laws  againft  them  duly  executed. 

VI.  «  That  the  Earl  of  Brtftol  may  be  removed 
'  from  your  Majefty's  Cpunfels  ;  and  that  both  he 
4  and  the  Lord  Herbert,  eldeft  Son  to  the  Earl  of 

*  Worcefttr^  may  likewife  be  reftrained  from  coming 
'  within  the  Verge  of  the  Court  j  and  that  they 

K  3  «  may 


150       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 
An.  18.  Car.  I.'  may  not  bear  any  Office,  or  have  any  Employ 
«  ments,  concerning  the  State  or  Commonwealth. 

VII.  *  That  your    Majefty   will  be   gracioufly 

*  pleafed,  by  Acl  of  Parliament,  to  fettle  the  Mi- 
'  litia,  both  by  Sea  and  Land,   and  alfo  the  Forts 

*  and  Ports  of  the  Kingdom,  in  fuch  a  Manner  as 
'  fhall  be  agreed  on  by  both  Houfes. 

VIII.  «  That  your  Majefty  will  be  pleafed,  by 
'  your  Letters  Patent,  to  make  Sir  John  Bramfton 

*  Chief  Juftice  of  your  Court  of  King's  Bench ; 

*  TPilliam  Lentball^  Efq;  the  now  Speaker  of  the 
'  Commons  Houfe,  Mafter  of  the  Rolls  ;  and  to 

*  continue  the  Lord  Chief  Juftice  Bankes  Chief  Ju- 

*  ftice  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  ;  and  like  wife 
'  to  make  Mr.  Serjeant  IVylde  Chief  Baron  of  your 
'  Court  of  Exchequer ;  and  that  Mr.  Juftice  Bacon 

*  may  be  continued,  and  Mr.  Serjeant  Rolle  and  Mr. 

*  Serjeant  Atkins  made  Juftices  of  the  King's  Bench; 
«  that  Mr.  Juftice  Reeves  and  Mr.  Juftice  Fofler 

*  may  be  continued,  and  Mr.   Serjeant  Pbeafant 

*  made  one  of  the  Juftices  of  your  Court  of  Com- 
«  mon  Pleas  ;  that  Mr.  Serjeant  Crefwell^  Mr.  Sa- 
'  muel  Brown,  and  Mr.  John  Pule/ton  may  be  Ba- 
'  rons  of  the  Exchequer ;  and  that  all  thefe,  and  all 
'  the  Judges  of  the  fame  Courts  for  the  Time  to 

*  come,  may  hold  their  Places,  by  Letters  Patent 
'  under  the  Great  Seal,  quamdiu  fe  bent  gejjerint\ 

*  and  that  the  feveral  Perfons,  not  before  named, 

*  that  do  hold  any  of  thefe  Places  before  mentioned, 
'  may  be  removed^ 

IX.  '  That  all  fuch  Perfons  as  have  been  put  out 
c  of  the  Commifllon  of  Peace,  or  Oyer  and  Termi- 
'  ner,  or  from  being  Cujlodes  Rotitlorum^  fince  the 
'  firft  Day  of  April >  1642,  other  than  fuch  as  were 
'  put  out  by  Defire  of  both  or  either  of  the  Houfes 

*  of  Parliament,  may  again  be  put  into  thofe  Com- 
'  miffions  and  Offices  ;  and  that  fuch  Perfons  may 
'  be  put  out  of  thofe  Commiffions  and  Offices  as 
c  fhall  be  excepted  againft  by  both  Houfes  of  Parlia- 

*  ment. 

X.  '  That  your  Majefty  will  be  pleafed  to  pafs 

*  the  Bill  now  prefenteil  to  your  Majefty ,  to  vindi- 

*  catc 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      151 

€  cate  and  fecure  the  Privileges  of  Parliament  from  An*  18.  Car« 

*  the  ill  Confequence  of  the  late  Precedent,  in  the        164*- 

'  Charge  and  Proceeding  againft  the  Lord  Kimbol-      Fe^u7ry7 

*  /<?»,  now  Earl  of  Manche/ier,  and  the  five  Mem- 
'  bers  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

XI.  *  That  your  Majefty's  Royal  Affent  may  be 

*  given  unto  fuch  Acts,  as  {hall  be  advifed  by  both 
'  Houfcs  of  Parliament  for  the  fatisfying  and  paying 
6  the  Debts  and  Damages,  wherein  the  two  Houfes 

*  of  Parliament  have  engaged  the  Public  Faith  of 
'  the  Kingdom. 

XII.  «  That  your  Majefty  will  be  pleafed,  ac- 
'  cording  to  a  gracious  Anfwer  heretofore  received 
'  from  you,  to  enter  into  a  more  ftricl  Alliance  with 
c  the  States  of  the  United  Provinces,   and  other 
'  Neighbour  Princes  and  States  of  the  Proteftant 
'  Religion,  for  the  Defence  and  Maintenance  there- 
c  of  againft  all  Defigns  and  Attempts  of  the  Popifh 
'  and  Jefuitical  Faction  to  fubvert  and  fupprefs  it ; 
'  whereby  your  Subjects  may  hope  to  be  free  from 
'  the  Mifchiefs  which  this  Kingdom  hath  endured, 
'  through  the  Power  which  fome  of  that  Party  have 

*  had  in  your  Councils,  and  will  be  much  encou- 

*  raged,  in  a  Parliamentary  Way,  for  your  Aid  and 
f  Afliftance,  in  reftoring  your  Royal  Sifter  and  the 

*  Prince  Elector  to  thofe  Dignities  and  Dominions 
«  which  belong  unto  them,  and  the  relieving  the 
'  other  Proteftant  Princes  who  have  fuffered  in  the 

*  fame  Caufe. 

XIII.  *  That,  in  the  General  Pardon  which  your 
'  Majefty  hath  been  pleafed  to  offer  to  your  Sub- 
'  jects,  all  Offences  and  Mifdemeanors  committed 

*  before  the  loth  of  January,  1641,  which  have 

*  been,  or  fhall  be,  queftioned  or  proceeded  againft 
1  in  Parliament,  upon  Complaint  in  the  Houfe  of 
'  Commons,  before  the  loth  of  "January^   16431 
e  fhall  be  excepted ;  which  Offences  and  Mifde- 
'  meanors  fhall,  neverthelefs,  be  taken  and  adjudged 
'  to  be  fully  difcharged   againft  all  other  inferior 

*  Courts.     That  likewife  there  fhall  be  an  Excep- 
'  tion  of  all  Offences  committed  by  any  Perfon,  or 

*  Perfons,  which  hath,  or  have,  had  any  Hand  or 

<  Prac- 


152     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car.  I.*  tice  in  the  Rebellion  of  Ireland ;  which  hath,  or 

1642.       t  have,   given  any  Connie),  Afliftance,  or  Encou- 

*— IT* — — ^  '  ragement  to  the  Rebels  there,  for  the  Maintenance 

ruary*     «  of  that  Rebellion ;  as  likewife  the  Exception  of  Wil- 

'  Ham  Earl  of  Newca/fle^  and  George  Lord  Digby. 

XIV.  '  That  your  Majefty  will  be  pleafed  to  re- 
c  ftore  fuch  Members  of  either  Houfe  of  Parliament 

*  to  their  feveral  Places  of  Services  and  Employ- 

*  ment,  out  of  which  they  have  been  put  fmce  the 

*  Beginning  of  this  Parliament;  that  they  may  re- 
'  ceive  Satisfaction  and  Reparation  for  thofe  Places, 

*  and  for  the  Profits  which  they  have  loft  by  fuch  Re- 
'  movals,  upon  the  Petition  of  both  Houfes  of  Par- 

*  liament ;  and  that  all  others  may  be  reftored  to 

*  their  Offices  and  Employments,  who  have  been 

*  put  out  of  the  fame  upon  any  Difpleafure  concei- 
'  ved  againft  them  for  any  Afliftance  given  to  both 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament,  or  obeying  their  Commands ; 
'  or  forbearing  to  leave  their  Attendance  upon  the 
«  Parliament  without  Licence  ;  or  for  any  other  Oc- 
'  cafion  arifing  from  thefe  unhappy  Differences  be- 

*  twixt  your  Majefty  and  both  Houfes  of  Parliament, 

*  upon  the  like  Petition  of  both  Houfes. 

*  Thefe  Things  being  granted  and  performed,  as 

*  it  hath  always  been  our  hearty  Prayer,    fo  fhall 
<  we  be  enabled  to  make  it  our  hopeful  Enuea- 
'  vour,    that  your  Majefty  and  your  People  may 
4  enjoy  the  Bleflings  of  Peace,  Truth,  and  Juftice ; 

*  the  Royalty  and  Greatnefs  of  your  Throne  may 

*  be  fupported  by  the  loyal   and  bountiful  Affec- 
'  tions  of  your  People  ;   their  Liberties   and   Pri- 

*  vileges  maintained  by  your  Majefty's  Protection 
'  and  Juftice  ;  and  this  public  Honour  and  Hap- 

*  pinefs  of  your  Majefty  and  all  your  Dominions, 

*  communicated  to  other  Churches  and  States  of 

*  your  Alliance  ;  and  be  derived  to  your  Royal  Po- 
'  fterity  and  the  future  Generations  in  this  Kingdom 
'  for  ever/ 

Mr.  Wbitltckit  Mr.  Wbitlocke,  one  of  the  Commiflioners  above- 
mentioned,  gives  us  the  following  Particulars  rela- 
ting to  this  remarkable  Embafly  :  «  They  had 

4  their 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        153 

ibeir  firft  Accefs  to  the  King  in  the  Garden  of  An.  18.  Car.?. 
Chrijl '-Church,  where  he  was  walking  with  the 
Prince,  and  divers  other  Lords  attending  him  :  All 
of  them  kifled  his  Hand,  not  as  they  were  ranked 
in  the  Safe  Conduct,  but  according  to  their  feveral 
Degrees.  Mr.  Pierpoint  before  the  Knights,  he 
being  an  Earl's  Son a ;  and  Mr.  Win-wood  before 
Mr.  Whitlocke,  he  being  the  eldeft  Knight's  Son; 
and  Mr.  Waller  the  laft:  The  King  faid  to  him, 
Though  you  are  the  laft,  yet  you  are  not  the  worfty 
nor  the  leaft  in  my  Favour :  The  Difcovery  of  a 
Plot  then  in  Hand  in  London,  to  betray  the  Parlia- 
ment, wherein  Mr.  Waller  was  engaged  with  Cha- 
loner,  Tomkins,  and  others,  which  was  then  in 
Agitation,  did  manifeft  the  King's  Courtfhip  to 
Mr.  Waller  to  be  for  that  Service. 

'  After  they  had  all  kifled  the  King's  Hand,  the 
Prince  gave  them  his  Hand  to  kifs. 

'  The  Earl  of  Northumberland  read  the  Propofi- 
tions  to  the  King,  with  a  fober  and  ftout  Carriage  ; 
and  being  interrupted  by  the  King,  he  faid  fmartly, 
Your  Majejly  will  give  me  Leave  to  proceed  ?  The 
Kinganfwered,  Ay>  ay  j  and  fo  the  Earl  read  them, 
all  through.' 

To  go  on  with  this  Affair,  fince  nothing  elfe 
material  intervened,  except  a  Letter  from  the  Lord 
Fairfax,  out  of  the  North,  which  'we  poftpone  for 
the  prefent :  — —  The  Journals  inform  us,  That 
the  Lords  Commiffioners,  at  their  Return  to  the 
Houfe,  February  6,  made  the  following  Report  of 
this  whole  Proceeding  ;  that  when  they  prefented 
the  Propofitions  to  the  King,  he  made  them  this 
ihort  Anfwer : 

My  Lords, 

Was  always  for  Peace,  and  am  more  concern- The  Itlng's  A«- 
_  ed  in  it  than  any,  being  the  Father  of  the  Coun-fw?rtotheCom~ 
4  try  next  under  God.     I  cannot  chufe  but  fpeak,mif 
'  though  I  thought  to  have  faid  nothing.     I  con- 

'fefs 

a  This  Gentleman's  Father,  the  Earl  of  Kingfton,  and  his  elder          v 
Ircther,  tlw  Lord  tfnaark,  were  at  this  Time  in  the  King's  Armr, 


154       ffie  Parliamentary  His TORT 

,'  fefs  I  am  furprized,  though  I  have  feen  fomewhaf 
1  of  this,  yet  I  believed  them  not  to  be  fuch  as  thefe 

*  are.     They  that  principally  contrived  and  penned 
'  them,  had  no  Thoughts  of  Peace  in  their  Hearts, 

*  but  to  make  Things  worfe  and  worfe  ;  yet  I  fhall 
'  do  my  Part,  and  take  as  much  Honey  out  of  the 
'  Gall  as  I  can.     I  will  think  of  them,  and  take 

*  Time  to  give  you  my  Anfwer/ 

'  That,  two  Days  after,  the  King  fent  for  them 
again,  and  told  them,  That  he  had  confidered  of  the 
Propofitions,  prefented  unto  him  from  both  Houfcs 
of  Parliament,  and  had  returned  this  Anfwer,  which 
he  commanded  the  Earl  of  Holland  to  read  : 

And  to  Parlia-'  TfF  his  Majefty  had  not  given  up  all  the  Faculties 
meat.  *  _|_  of  his  Soul  to  an  earneft  Endeavour  of  a  Peace 

*  and  Reconciliation  with  his  People,  or  if  he  would 
'  fuffer  himfelf,  by  any  Provocation,  to  be  drawn 
'  to  a  Sharpnefs  of  Language,  at  a  Time  when  there 

*  feems  fomewhat  like  an  Overture  of  Accommo- 
'  dation,  he  could  not  but  refent  the  heavy  Charges 
'  upon  him  in  the  Preamble  of  thefe  Propofitions ; 

*  and  would  not  fuffer  himfelf  to  be  reproached  with 
«  protecting  of  Delinquents,  by  Force,  from  Juftice  ; 
*-  (his  Majefty 's  Defire  having  always  been,  that  all 

*  Men  fliould  be  tried  by  the  known  Law,  and  he 

*  having  been  refufed  it)  with  raifmg  an  Army  againft 
<  his  Parliament ;  and  to  be  told  that  Arms  have 

*  been  taken  up  againft  him,  for  the  Defence  of  Re- 
'  ligion,  Laws,  Liberties,  Privileges  of  Parliament, 
«  and  for  the  Sitting  of  the  Parliament  in  Safety  ; 

*  with  many  other  Particulars   in  that  Preamble, 

*  fo  often  and  fo  fully  anfwered  by  his  Majefty, 
«  without  remembering   the  World  of  the  Time 
'  and  Circumftances  of  raifmg  thofe  Arms  againft 
'  him,  when  his  Majefty  was  fo  far  from  being  in 
'  a  Condition  to  invade  other  Men's  Rights,  that 
'  he  was  not  able  to  maintain  and  defend  his  own 

*  from  Violence  ;    and  without  telling   his   good 

*  Subjects  that  their  Religion,  (the  true  Proteftant 

*  Religion,  in  which  his  Majefty  was  born,  hath 

•  faith- 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       155 

«  faithfully  lived,  and  to  which  he  will  die  a  willing  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
'  Sacrifice)  their  Laws,  Liberties,  Privileges,  and        i*4*- 
4  Safety  of  Parliament,  were  fo  amply  fettled  and  '~FTT~    -1* 
«  eftablifhed,  or  offered  to  be  fo,  by  his  Majefty,  be- 
'  fore  any  Army  was  raifed  againft  him,   and  long 
«  before  any  raifed  by  him  for  his  Defence  j  that  if 
<  nothing  had  been  defired  but  that  Peace  and  Pro- 
'  tecTion  which  his  Subjects  and  their  Anceftors  had, 

*  in  the  beft  Times,  enjoyed  under  his  Majefty,  or  his 
'  Royal  Predeceflors,  this  Mifunderftanding  and  Di- 
'  ftance  between  his  Majefty  and  his  People,  and  this 

*  general  Mifery  and  Diftra&ion  upon  the  Face  of 
'  the  whole  Kingdom,  had  not  been  now  the  Dif- 
'  courfe  of  Chriftendom  :  But  his  Majefty  will  for- 
'  bear  any  Expreflions  of  Bitternefs,  or  of  a  Senfe  of 
'  his  own  Sufferings ;  that,  if  it  be  poffible,  the  Me- 

*  mory  thereof  may  be  loft  to  the  World ;  and  there- 
'  fore,  though  many  of  the  Proportions,  prefentedto 
'  his  Majefty  by  both  Houfes,  appear  to  him  very 
'  derogatory  from,  and  deftruciive  to,  his  juft  Power 

*  and  Prerogative,  and  no  way  beneficial  to  his  Sub- 
'  je£ts  (few  of  them  being  already  due  to  them  by 
'  the  Laws  eftablifhed,  and  how  Unparliamentary  it 
'  is  by  Arms  to  require  new  Laws,  all  the  World 
'  may  judge)  ;  yet,  becaufe  thefe  may  be  waved  or 
<  mollified,  and  many  Things  that  are  now  dark  and 

*  doubtful  in  them  cleared  and  explained  upon  De- 

*  bate,  his  Majefty  is  pleafed  (fuch  is  his  Senfe  of 

*  the  Miferies  this  Kingdom  fufters  by  this  unnatu- 

*  ral  War,  and  his  earneft  Defire  to  remove  them 

*  by  an  happy  Peace)  that  a  fpeedy  Time  and  Place 

*  be  agreed  upon  for  the  Meeting  of  fuch  Perfons  as 
'  his  Majefty  and  both  Houfes  mall  appoint,  to  dif- 

*  cufs  thefe  Propofitions,  and  fuch  others  here  fol- 
'  lowing,  as  his  Majefty  doth  propofe  to  them  : 

I.  '  That  his  Majefty's  own  Revenue,  Magazine, 
«  Towns,  Forts,  and  Ships,  which  have  been  ta- 
'  ken  or  kept  from  him  by  Force,  be  forthwith  re- 
'  ftored  unto  him. 

II.  *  That  whatfoever  hath  been  done  or  publifii- 
'  ed  contrary  to  the  known  Laws  of  the  Land,  or 

*  derogatory  to  his  Majefty's  legal  and  known  Power 

«  and 


156        Me  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Aa.  18.  Car.  I '  and  Rights,  be  renounced  and  recalled  ;  that  no 
t     *^        '  Seed  may  remain  for  the  like  to  fpring  out  of  for 
FT"*~  ~'  '  the  future. 

III.  '  That  whatsoever  illegal  Power  hath  been 

*  claimed  and  exercifed  by  or  over  his  Subjects,  as 

*  imprifoning  their  Perfons  without  Law,  flopping 
'  their  Habeas  Corpus^    and  impofmg  upon  their 
«  Eftates  without  A&  of  Parliament,  fc? r,  either  by 
'  both  or  either  Houfe,  or  any  Committee  of  both 

*  or  either,  or  by  any  Perfons  appointed  by  any  of 
'  them,  be  difclaimed  ;  and  all  fuch  Perfons  fo  com- 
'  mitted,  forthwith  difcharged. 

IV.  '  That  as  his  Majefty  will  readily  confent, 

*  having  done  fo  heretofore,  to  the  Execution  of  all 
'  Laws  already  made,  and  to  any  good  Acts  to  be 

*  made,    for  the  fuppreffing  of  Popery,    and    for 
'  the  firm  fettling  of  the  Proteftant  Religion  now 

*  eftablifhed  by  Law ;  fo  he  defires  that  a  good  Bill 
'  may  be  framed  for  the  better  preferving  the  Book 

*  of  Common  Prayer  from  the  Scorn  and  Violence 
c  of  Brownifts,   Anabaptifts,    and  other  Sectaries, 
'  with  fuch  Claufes  for   the  Eafe  of  tender  Con- 

*  fciences  as  his  Majefty  hath  formerly  offered. 

V.  '  That  all  fuch  Perfons  as,  upon  the  Treaty, 

*  {hall  be  excepted  out  of  the  General  Pardon,  fhall 

*  be  tried  per  Pares^  according  to  the  ufual  Cowrie 

*  and  known  Laws  of  the  Land  ;  and  that  it  be  left 
'  to  that,  either  to  acquit  or  condemn  them. 

VI.  *  And  to  the  Intent  this  Treaty  may  not  fuf- 

*  fer  Interruption  by  any  intervening  Accidents,  that 
'  a  Cefiation  of  Arms,  and  free  Trade,  for  all  his 
'  Majefty's  Subjects  may  be  firft  agreed  upon. 

4  This  Offer  and  Defire  of  his  Majefty  he  hopes 

'  will  be  chearfully  entertained,  that  a  fpeedy  and 

x       «  blefled  Peace  may  be  accomplifhed.     If  it  fhall 

'  be  rejected,  or,  by  inftftins;  upon  unreafonable  Cir- 

*  cumftances,  be  made  impoflible,  (which  he  hopes 
c  God  in  his  Mercy  to  this  Nation  will  not  furTer) 

*  the  Guilt  of  the  'Blood  which  will  be  fhed,  and 

*  the  Defolation  which  muft  follow,  will  lie  upon 

*  the  Heads  of  the  Refufers.    However  his  Majefty 
«  is  refolved,  thro'  what  Accidents  foever  he  (hall 

«  be 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        157 

'be  compelled  to  recover  his   Rights,  and  with  An.  1 8.  Car.  T. 
'  what  profperous  Succefs  foever  it  fhall  pleafe  God        l64*« 
'  to  blefs  him,  that  by  his  earneft  conftant  Endea-  ^     *~  ~~* 

*  vours  to  propagate  and  promote  the  true  Proteftant 
'  Religion,  and  by  his  governing  according  to  the 

*  known  Law  of  the  Land,  and  upholding  the  juft 
'  Privileges  of  Parliament,  according  to  his  frequent 

*  Proteftations  made  before  Almighty  God,  which 
4  he  will  always  inviolably  obferve,  the  World  (hall 
'  fee  that  he  hath  undergone  all  thefe  Difficulties 

*  and  Hazards  for  the  Defence  and  Maintenance  of 

*  thofe  ;  the  zealous  Prefervation  of  which  his  Ma- 

*  jefty  well  knows  is  the  only  Foundation  and  Means 

*  for  the  true  Happinefs  of  him  and  his  People.' 

Upon  the  Reading  of  this  Anfwer,  the  Lords  re- 
folved  to  communicate  it  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
as  a  Matter  of  great  and  ferious  Consideration,  and 
to  defire  them  to  take  it  into  their  utmoft  Car,e  and 
.  Thought. 

But  before  we  proceed  any  farther  in  the  Tranf- 
aclions  of  February,  it  is  necefTary  to  take  Notice  of 
a  Letter  from  the  Lord  Fairfax,  in  the  North ; 
which  was  delivered  to  the  Lords,  by  the  Commons, 
at  a  Conference,  and  read  in  that  Houfe  on  the  firft 
of  this  Month.  The  Letter  was  addrefied  to  the 
Speaker : 

S  I  R, 

TT  is  mojl  necejjary  that  I  continue  my  Relation  toLorA  Fairfax** 
-*•  you  of  the  State  and  Condition  of  the  Affairs  in Letter  «"»cere- 
tbis  Country,  that  they  may  be  made  known  to  fctfjj^/"*  °f 
Houfes  ;  and  Provision  made  for  Succours  to  be  fent 
us,  which  have  hitherto  come  very  Jlowly,  though  they 
have  made  large  Exprejfions  of  their  Care.    We  have 
been  long  dejlitute  of  Money  to  pay  the  Army  j  anaft 
to  fupply  that  Want,  I  have  ufed  all  pojjible  Indujlry, 
ly  taking  up  Money  upon  Exchange,  and  by  calling 
upon  the  Country  to  fupply  me  for  the  prefent  upon 
the  Public  Faith. 

The  Want  of  Money  doth  fo  perplex  the  Part  of 
the  Army  beret  as  I  imagine  the  Houfe  will  not  ex- 

"  feel 


158       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  1  8.  Car.  l.pgft  any  confiderable  Matter  to  be  done  by  us  ;  t  'hough  , 
^J  l*  God  be  thanked^  the  Forces  1  fend  from  hence,  and 
are  raifed  by  the  Country  in  other  Places,  are  daily 
aEiing  fomething  to  advance  the  Public  Service.  As 
in  the  North-  Riding,  where  Sir  Hugh  Cholmley 
hath  carried  himfelfvery  bravely  ,  giving  feveral  De- 
feats to  the  Enemy  near  Malton  ;  and  on  Monday  the 
Jixteenth  of  this  Month,  joining  his  Forces  to  Sir  Mat- 
thew Boynton,  they  fell  upon  Col.  Slingfby  at  Gif- 
brough,  where  they  defeated  him  and  600  Horfe  and 
Foot  with  him,  that  had  done  much  Spoil  in  the  North- 
Riding  ;  they  wounded  and  took  Col.  Slingfby  him- 
felf,  with  140  other  Prif  oners  ;  killed  a  great  many, 
and  recovered  200  Arms  with  the  Place.  Amongft 
the  Prifoners  taken  by  Sir  Hugh  Cholmley  at  Mal- 
ton, and  here  at  Gifbrough,  it  is  found  that  a 
great  Number  are  Papifls  ;  and  indeed  the  Strength 
of  the  Enemies  will  be  found  to  confift  much  of  Papijls, 
and  popijhly  affeEled,  the  Earl  of  Newcaftle  granting 
his  Commtjfions,  for  raifmg  Men,  to  Papifls  for  the 
mojl  Part.  I  have  heard,  of  late,  of  Commiffions 
granted  to  tivelve  Recufants  of  thefe  Parts,  whofe 
Names  I  fend  inclofed  ;  and  it  is  not  to  be  doubted  he 
walks  the  fame  Ways  in  other  Places,  as  well  as  here  ; 
which  Ccurfes  have  fo  advanced  Popery,  as  I  hear, 
that  in  York,  where  many  Recufants  are  fettled^  Mafs 
is  ordinarily  faid  in  every  Street  ;  and  fuch  Affronts 
offered  to  the  Protejlants  and  the  Minijlry,  as  few 


dare  refer  t  to  Church.     In  other  Parts  of  the  Coun- 

for many  Mile 
the  religious  Minijlry  are  all  either  fled,  or  imprijoned  ; 


try^  I  am  informed  that,  for  many  Miles  together, 


which  Perfections,  if  they  be  not  timely  reprejjed,  will 
extirpate,  or  much  deprefs,  the  Protrjiant  Religion  in 
thefe  Parts. 

About  Bradford  and  Halifax,  God  hath  Uejfed  my 
Son  and  thofe  fmall  Forces  with  good  Succffs  again  ft 
the  Enemy,  in  feveral  light  Skirmijhes  :  On  Monday 
was  Se'nnight  he  feized  on  the  Lord  Savilie'j  Houje 
at  Howley,  and  put  about  IQO  Mnfqueteers  into  it  ; 
on  Tuefday  /  fent  Sir  William  Fairfax  and  his  Of- 
ficers, with  feme  Arn.s,  to  raife  his  Regiment  in  thofg 
'Parts  }  and,  for  bis  Convoy,  I  fent  what  Horfe  and 

Dra- 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        159 

Dragooners  I  could  fpare  from  hence p,  directing  them  An.  18.  Car.  I, 
to  Jiay  with  my  Son  to  offijl  him  in  his  Dejign  agaitift        1642. 

Leecls- 

Yefternight  I  received  Litters  from  him,  wherein 
be  relates  to  me.  That  on  Monday  laft  he  drew  bis 
Forces  out  of  Bradford,  and  marched  to  Leeds,  where 
Sir  William  Saville  commanded  in  Chief  \  my  Son  firjl 
fummoned  them  by  a  Trumpet  to  yield,  which  being  re~ 
fufed,  the  AJJault  began,  wherein  his  Men  carried 
themfclves  with  great  Refolution  j  for  the  Town  was 
fortified  on  all  Sides,  furnijhed  with  two  Brafs  Sakers, 
and  manned  with  1 500  Soldier s,  yet  they  forced  an 
Entry  in  two  Hours  Fight.  There  were  not  lojl  on  both 
Sides  above  forty  Men,  tut  he  took  four  Colours,  and 
500  Prif oners,  of  which  fix  are  Commanders  ;  and, 
with  the  Prifoners,  they  took  many  Arms,  the  Sakers9 
and  all  the  Munition  they  had,  which  was  not  much. 
On  our  Part  we  loft  thirteen  Men,  and  Capt.  Briggs, 
and  Capt.  Lee,  both  fore  wounded ;  and  I  perceive 
that,  in  this  Exploit,  Sir  William  Fairfax,  Sir  Tho- 
mas Norcliffe,  and  Serjeant-Major  Forbes,  with  the 
rejl  of  the  Commanders,  carried  themfelves  very  gal- 
lantly. The  People  do  obferve  that  Sir  William  Sa- 
ville, and  the  Chief  Commanders  on  the  other  Side, 
foon  a/ter  the  Fight  began,  fled  by  fecret  Ways  towards 
Pontefradt,  and  their  Men  after  them  by  Degrees;  but, 
by  the  Way,  Serjeant- Major  Beaumont  was  drowned 
crojjing  the  River,  and  Sir  William  Saville  very  nar- 
roiuly  efcaped  the  like  Fate. 

After  Leeds  was  thus  won,  my  Son  writes  that  he 
intended  to  have  marched  to  Wakefield,  where  Sir 
George  Wentworth  commanded^  but  was  prevented, 
therein  by  the  Enemies  Fears ;  who,  hearing  he  had 
taken  Leeds,  fied  all  away  from  Wakefield  to  Pon- 
tefract,  and  left  the  Town  ;  Jo  he  hath  fent  feme  Forces 
to  invejf  and  keep  that  Place.  Thus  hath  God  blejfed 
their  Endeavours  on  that  Side ;  and  now  1  am  told 
that  Capt.  Hotham  and  Sir  John  Saville  are  gone  up 
Yefterday  with  fame  Forces  into  thofe  Partst  but  upon 
what  De/ign  I  know  not. 

Yefterday  Morning  I  had  fame  Intelligence  that  the 
mojl  Part  of  the  Forces  were  marched^  the  Day  be- 


160       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  1. fare,  out  of  Doncafter  ;  fa  I  have  fent  my  Serjeant- 

^4-2'        Major -General  with  fix  Companies  of  Foot  to  inveft 

Fcbr'uaryT^  ^at  ^^ace->  an^  to  leave  fome  ^^cts  to  keep  it  untill 

more  Strength  come  to  us  out  of  the  Southern  Counties ; 

which,  if  it  could  be  bajiened  hither,  might  very  much 

advance  the  Caufe,  and  crujh  the  Popijh  Forces  before 

they  be  fupplied  by  the  Queen's  Coming,  or  their  Party 

in  Scotland,  of  which  there  is  fome  Expectation. 

I  defire  you  will  make  known  to  the  Houfe  the  great 
Extremities  that  are  put  upon  me ;  and  that  a  certain 
Courfe  may  be  fettled  for  fupplying  us  with  Money 
for  the  Entertainment  of  the  Army,  in  fuch  Seafon  as 
our  Men  may  be  encouraged  in  the  Service,  and  not 
fall  into  a  Way  of  plundering  for  Want  of  Pay.  My 
Son  upon  the  taking  of  Leeds,  though  he  entered  it  by 
Force,  yet  he  rejl rained  his  Army  from  Pillaging ;  fa 
I  have  ordered  that  the  Malignants,  in  lieu  of  the 
Spoil  challenged  to  be  due  unto  the  Soldiers,  Jhall  give 
them  a  Month's  Entertainment,  which  1  hope  will 
content  both  Parties. 

Yejlernigbt  Intelligence  was  brought  to  me,  that  the 
Earl  of  Newcaftle  hath  drawn  down  all  his  Forces 
from  the  'South  Parts  of  Yorkfliire,  thofe  only  excepted 
that  kept  the  Cajlle  at  PontefracT:  j  for  Yefterday  he 
marched  from  Sherburne  to  York,  with  thirty-fix  Co- 
lours,  two  Pieces  of  Cannon,  and  forty -five  other  Car- 
riages ;  the  certain  Caufe  I  do  not  yet  know,  but  fup~ 
pofe  it  is  to  meet  the  Arms  and  Munition  coming  from 
Newcaftle  ;  or  to  prepare  for  the  Queen's  Entertain- 
ment at  York,  which  is  much  fpoken  of.  I  Jhall  carry 
a  vigilant  Eye  upon  his  Defigns,  and  endeavour  to 
prevent  them,  fo  far  as  can  be  expefled,  from  the 
Forces  under  the  Command  of, 
Sir, 

«elby,  Jan.  26,        Your  moft  affectionate 
1642. 

Friend  and  Servant, 

FER.  FAIRFAX. 

P.  S.  I  have  fent  unto  Mr.  White,  to  be  flawed 
unto  you,  three  Papers  found  with  Ccl.  Slingfby, 
when  he  was  taken  at  Giibrough  by  Sir  Hugh 

X-M          1 

Lholm- 


Of   ENGLAND.        161 

Cholmley  ;  which  may,   per  adventure^    be   thought  An- j8-  Car>  *• 
necejjary  to  be  made  known  to  the  Houfe,  if  Sir  Hugh  '"' 

have  not  already  prefented  the  Tranfcript  to  you.  ^FebruaryT 

The  Names  of  the  Recufants  in  thefe  Parts,  to  whom 
the  Earl  of  Newcaftle  hath  granted  Commijfions  to 
raife  Forces,  are  Mr.  Robert  Trapps,  Mr.  Stephen- 
fon  of  Thornton,  Sir  John  Middleton,  Sir  Walter 
Vavafour,  Mr.  Ann,  Mr.  Tindale,  Mr.  Bretton, 
Sir  Philip  Hungate,  Mr.  Waterton,  Mr.  Thwinge, 
Capt.  Sare,  and  Capt.  Granger. 

After  the  Reading  of  this  Letter,  the  following 
Ordinance  is  entered  in  the  Lords  Journals  : 

4  "ITTHereas  many  and   fervent  Prayers  have  An  Ordinance  of 

*  VV     been  <~ent  UP  to  God»  for  his  Bleffing  toJjSST 
'  be  poured   down   upon   the   Endeavours   of  the  thereof"!^ 

c  Parliament  in  Maintenance  of  his  own  Caufe  and 
4  Religion,  now  openly  aflaulted  by  Papifts  j  and 
'  becaufe  it  is  moft  juft  and  neceflary  to  obferve  the 
1  Return  of  thefe  Prayers,  that  our  Mouths  and 
c  Hearts  may  be  as  much  enlarged  in  Praifes  as  they 
'  have  been  in  Prayers,  the  Lords  and  Commons 

*  have  thought  fit  to  publifh  fome  late  good  Suc- 

*  cefles,  as  fo  many  Anfwers  from  Heaven,  which 

*  God  hath  given  to  the  Prayers  of  his  Servants. 

'  And  whereas  fundry  late  Declarations  have 
'  {hewed  to  the  World  divers  Informations  and 
'  Proofs  concerning  the  railing  of  a  Popifh  Army, 

*  with  an  Intention  to  fubvert  God's  true  Religion 

*  profefled,  and  by  Law  eftabliflied,  in  this  King- 

*  dom,  and  to  introduce  Popilh  Idolatry  and  Superfti- 

*  tion  j  that  it  may  appear  what  was,  before,  anlnten- 
«  tion  is  now  Matter  of  Fa£t,  and  really  put  in  Execu- 
'  tion,  a  moft  certain  and  true  Relation  is  here  offered 
«  to  public  Notice  and  Obfervation  j  wherein  it  may 

*  be  feen  that  this  Popifh  Army  hath  fet  up  the  open 
'  Practice  of  their  abominable  Idolatry  in  York>  the 

<  fecond  City  in  the  Kingdom ;  and  are  grown  to 

<  that  Height  of  Infolency,  that  they  terrify  and 
'  drive  away  theProteftant  Miniftets  and  People  from, 

VOL.  XII.  X,  « frc- 


1 6  2       7%?  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car,  !•<  frequenting  their  own  Churches,   and  from  the~ 

-6_  — '     i  '  Practice   of  their   own   Religion  j  wherein    they 

February.      '  nave  g'ven  a  Pattern  and  Pledge  what  they  intend 

4  to  do,  and   what  muft  be  expe&ed  from  them, 

'  through   the  whole  Kingdom.     The  Confidera- 

*  tion  hereof  (whereby  the  moft  precious  Things  in 
'  the  World,  God's  Glory  and  true  Worfhip,  and 
«  the  Salvation  of  the  Souls  of  Men,  are  brought  in- 
'  to  Danger)  ought  to  excite  and   ftir  op,  and  we 
'  are  confident  it  will,  the  ftrongeft  Endeavours  and 

*  moft  united   Conjunctions,  of  all   religious  and 
«  well-affecled  Proteftants  and  Patriots,  to  refift  and 
'  fupprefs  thofe  common  Enemies  of  God,  in  Pity 
'  to  their  Country   and  the  Commonwealth  ;  for 
'  now  it  plainly  appears  that»  however  they  pretend 
'  to  defend  the  Religion  and  the  Laws,  yet  their  main- 
'  Intention  is  to  eftablifh  Popery  in  this  Kingdom, 

*  and  to  extirpate  the  Proteftant  Religion  ;  which 

*  cannot  be  done  without  Subverfion  of  the  Laws, 

*  as  the  Papifts  have,  almoft,  effected  in  Ireland.' 

A  Committee  of  February  3.  The  Commons,  after  pa  fling  fome 
Seq«efeati«naP.  yQ^  for  fequeftring  the  Eftates,  Real  and  Perfonal, 
of  fome  particular  Perfons,  appointed  a  Committee 
to  confider  of  the  fequeftring  and  feizing  the  Eftates, 
Real  and  Perfonal,  of  all  fuch  Perfons  as  have  been, 
are,  or  (hall  be,  in  actual  War  or  Arms  againft  the 
Parliament:  And  to- have  Power  to  appoint  Seque- 
ftrators,  to  make  Allowances  to  fuch  as  fhould  be 
employed  in  this  Service  ;  and  to  ufe  all  other  Means 
thought  effe&ual  to  it.  This  was  the  firft  Begin- 
ring  of  an  Ordinance  of  Parliament,  which  proved 
fo  extrerae  bitter  to  the  Royalifts  in  the  Confe- 
quence.  • 

AnOrdinancefor  Pel.  4.  Another  fevere  Ordinance  for  the  raifing 
iiing  Monies  tvvo  Troops  of  Horfe  and  one  Regiment  of  Dragoons 
jn  the  County  of  Northampt0n  •  and  for  afleffing  of 
Monies  upon  the  Malignants,  difaffecled  Perfons, 
Papifts,  Bifhops,  Deans,  Deans  and  Chapters,  feV. 
for  the  Maintenance  of  the  faid  Forces,  was  read 
and  put  to  the  Queftion,  in  the  Hpufc  of  Commons, 

but 


Of   ENGLAND.       163 

but  it  pafled  in  the  Negative,  by  forty-one  Voices  An.  18.  Car.  r. 
againft  twenty.  j64z> 

Feb.  7.  The  Lords  took  into  Confideration  the  Februar>r' 
King's  laft  Anfwer  to  their  Propofitions  ;  and,  firft, 
it  was  agreed  to  proceed  in  the  Treaty.  Next  it 
was  propofed,  That  the  Armies  on  both  Sides 
fhould  be  totally  difbanded,  and  to  have  a  Ceflation 
of  Arms,  that  there  might  be  a  Treaty ;  when,  after 
a  long  Debate,  it  was  refolved  in  the  Affirmative. 

Feb.  8.  A  Paper  was  read  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords, 
called,  A  general  ConfeJJlon  of  National  Sins ;  which 
was  agreed  to  by  both  Houfes,  and  ordered  to  be 
ufed  by  their  Minifters  at  the  next  public  Faft.  a 

Several  Days  were  employed  in  feeking  out  Ways  ADJ  for  a  gen&; 
and  Means   for  raifing  of  Money;  and,  amongftral  Weekly  Af. 
others,  a  Weekly  Afleflment  was  agreed  on  for  thefefrment« 
Maintenance  of  the  Army  j  and  an  Ordinance  was 
made  for  that  Purpofe.   Thefe  new  Kind  of  Taxes 
lay  prodigious  hard  on  the  Citizens  of  London,  and 
all  thofe  Counties  which  were  within  the  Power  of 
the  Parliament.     The  King  feems  to  have  fupported 
his  Army  at  this  Time,  chiefly,  by  Gifts  and  Loans. 

Feb.  13.  The  Commons  fent  up  their  Refolutions 
on  the  intended  Treaty  at  Oxford.  They  told  the 
Lords,  in  a  Conference,  That  they  agreed  with 
them  in  fome  Things,  and  differed  in  others ;  and 
offered  the  following  Votes  of  their  Houfe  to  their 
Lordfhips  Confideration. 

Refolved,  'That  this  Houfe  doth  concur  with  Votes  and  Refo- 
the  Lords  in  their  Votes,  That  there  fliall  be  a  fpee-  lutioas  relating 
dy  Difbanding  of    both   Armies ;  and   that  there  £. Banding  the 
fhould  be  a  fixed  Time  appointed   for  it.     ^c 
Northern  and  Weflern  Armies  to  be  firft  difbanded, 
which  mall  be  on  the  firft  Day  of  March  next ; 
and  the  Day  for  difbanding  all  the  other  Armies, 
on  the  tenth  of  the  fame  Month.' 

Refolved,  *  That  a  Meffage  be  fent  to  his  Maje- 
fty  to  defire  his  Confent  for  difbanding  the  Armies, 
L  2  ac- 

a  This  Confeffion  is  in  Rujhvmrtb,  Vol.  V.  p,  141. 


164     tte  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  i?.  Car.  I. according  to  the  Votes  of  this  Houfe  ;  and  that  Per- 
164.2.       fons  fhafi  be  appointed  to  treat  with   his  Majefty 
*T7V^1*'    concerning  the  Manner  of  Difbanding.' 

The  Queftton  being  put,  Whether  there  fhall 
be  a  prefent  CefTation  of  Arms,  in  order  to  the 
Treaty  on  the  Propofitions,  before  the  Difbanding 
of  the  Armies?  it  patted  in  the  Negative. 

Refolved,  «  That  when  his  Majefty  fhall  have 
aflented  to  a  Difbanding,  and  the  Time  and  Manner 
of  it,  then  the  Time  for  an  immediate  Ceffation  {hall 
be  agreed  on.' 

They  alfo  prefented  the  following  Reafons  why 
there  fliould  be  no  Treaty,  upon  the  Propofuions, 
before  Difbanding : 

*  /"Tl  H  A  T  a  Treaty,  before  the  Difbanding, 
will  be  ineffectual  to  produce  fuch  a  Peace 
as  may  fecure  Religion  againft  the  Defigns  of  the 
Papifts  to  deftroy  it,  and  the  Prebtical  Party  to  cor- 
rupt it ;  or  to  fecure  the  Liberties  of  the  Kingdom, 
and  the  Privileges  of  Parliament,  againft  Projectors 
and  Delinquents.  The  Grounds  and  Evidence 
whereof  are  thefe : 

1.  *  Becaufe  Papifts,  Malignants,  and  other  Delin- 
quents, are  now  in  greateft  Power  about  the  King ; 
and  this  Treaty  is  like  to  be  managed  by  their  Coun- 
fels,  whofe  Hopes  and  Interefts  are  buih  upon  the 
Breach  and  Diftemper  betwixt  the  King  and  his 
People ;    whereof  they  having  been  the'  greateft 
Caufe,  will  ftill  endeavour  to  hinder  fuch  a  Peace, 
as  may  interrupt  their  own  Defigns :    Whereas,  if 
the  Treaty  be  after  the  Difbanding,  the  Authority 
of  Parliament  will  be  more  powerful  to  remove  fuch 
Impediments. 

2.  *  If  the  Treaty  be  before  the  Difbanding,  it 
will  not  be  fafe  for  his  Majefty  to  yield  to  any  fuch 
Propofitions  as  (hall  be  for  the  fupprefling  of  Pa- 
pifts and  Malignants,    his  Perfon  being  in  their 
Power;  nor  yet  fo  fafe  for  the  Kingdom,  whilft Arms 
are  in  their  Hands,  and  fo  great  a  Party,  both  in  Ire- 
land and  beyond  the  Seas,  to  encourage  and  aflift 

them, 


Of   ENGLAND.       165 

in  refitting  the  Obfervance  and  Execution  of  An,  iS.Oar,  I. 
any  fuch  Treaty.  l64*. 

3.  *  If  the  Armies  be  once  difbanded,-  though  the    *T7V~"""1 
Treaties  fhould  not  fucceed,  yet  the  War  cannot 

be  carried  on,  but  there  will  be  Time  of  Mediation 
to  take  up  thofe  Differences  without  any  further 
ihedding  of  Blood  :  Whereas,  if  the  Armies  be  on 
Foot,  upon  every  Difference  in  the  Treaty  both 
Sides  may  be  provoked,  with  more  Animofity  and 
Bitternefs,  to  refer  Matters  to  the  bloody  Trial  of 
the  Sword  ;  and  many  intervening  Accidents  may 
interrupt  .the  Treaty. 

4.  '  That  it  will  be  moft  honourable  for  his  Ma- 
jefty,  and  more  fafe  for  his  People,  that  the  Propo- 
iitions  be  yielded  after  the  Difbanding  than  before; 
for  thereby  his  Majefty  will  be  freed  from  the  Impu- 
tation of  granting  any  thing  by  Force  ;  which  might 
both  trench  upon  his  Honour,  and  weaken  the  Va- 
lidity of  the  Things  granted  ;  and  both  Houfes  will 
be  free  from  that  Tax  of  unparliamentary  Proceed- 
ings, implied  in  his  Majeity's  Anfwer,  Of  requiring 
flew  Laws  by  Arms. 

5.  *  That  if  the  Treaty  be  before  Difbanding,  it 
will  endanger,  or  delay,  his  Majefty's  Confent  to 
the  Difbanding   at  the  Time  limited ;    for  there 
will  be  the  fame  Reafon,  on  his  Majefty's  Part, 
for  concluding  the  Treaty  before  the  Difbanding, 
as  for  the  beginning  it  j  that  fo,  if  he  be  like  to 
have  more  Advantage  by  Arms  than  by  the  Treaty, 
he  may  ftill  have  it  in  his  Power  to  purfue  the  fame 
Ends  for  which  his  Force  was  at  firft  raifed ;  and 
all  Delays  in  that  Kind  will  make  the  Burdens  and 
Miferies  infupportable  to  the  Kingdom,  by  the  ne- 
cefTary  Maintenance  of  all  the  Armies,  and  other 
Charges  and  Mifchiefs  which  will  thereby  fall  up- 
on the  Subject.' 

To  thefe  Rca/ons  of  the  Commons  was  annexed 
the  following  Refolution  : 

*  That,  forthwith  after  the  Difbanding  of  both 

Armies,  this  Houie  will  fend  a  Committee  to  attend 

Jiis  Majefty,  by  an  humble  Treaty  to   give  him 

L  3  due 


1 66     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I. due  Satisfaction  concerning  the  Propofitions  fent  to 
them  from  his  Majefty,  and  thofe  prefented  from 
them  to  his  Majefty.' 

Thefe  Votes,  Reafons,  and  Refolutions,  laid 
before  the  Lords  till  the  fixteenth  of  this  Month, 
when  they  were  quickened  by  another  Meflage  from 
the  Commons.  The  Votes  and  Reafons  were  again 
read  ;  and,  after  Debate,  the  Lords  refolved,  '  Not 
to  recede  from  their  former  Votes,  but  to  adhere  to 
them,  notwithftanding  the  Reafons  of  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  :  To  have  a  Conference  with  them,  and 
acquaim  them,  That  this  Houfe  thinks  it  fit  that  the 
Time,  from  the  Beginning  of  the  Treaty,  ought  not 
to  exceed  twenty  Days. 

'  That  the  King's  Propofitions,  concerning  his 
Magazines,  Towns,.  Forts,  and  Ships,  and  the 
Propofitions  of  both  Houfes  for  disbanding  of  all 
Armies,  may  be  firft  treated  of. 

*  That  the  remote  Armies  may  be  disbanded  by 
the  lad  Day  of  Mnrch,  or  fooner  if  it  can  be  :  That 
the  Kirtg's  Army  under  the  Command  of  the  Earl 
of  Forth,  and  that  under  the  Larl  of  EJfcx  raifed  by 
Parliament,  may  be  disbanded  by  the  i  oth  of  Aprtl^ 
or  fooner. 

'  That  there  may  be  a  prefent  Ccfiat:on  of  all 
A&s  of  Hoftility  on  both  Sides ;  and  that  all  other 
Things  may  continue  in  the  fame  State,  without  any 
further  Intercourfe,  or  free  Paflage,  than  is  at  prefent. 

La/ily^  *  Becaufe  that  Money  is  neceflary  to  main- 
tain and  fupport  the  Army,  the  Lords  think  fit  to 
propofe  to  the  Commons  to  join  with  them  in  fend- 
ing to  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  to  call  a  Com- 
mon Council  the  next  Day,  to  move  them  to  ad- 
vance Money  for  the  Supply  of  the  Army.' 

Feb.  17.  The  Debates  on  the  disbanding,  or  not 
disbanding,  the  Armies  before  the  Treaty,  were  this 
Day  continued  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons ;  and,  on 
two  Divifions,  one  of  them  76  againft  73^  and  the 
other  86  againft  83,  it  was  carried  to  enter  upon 
the  Treaty  before  Disbanding.  We  meet  with  the 
following  Speech  of  Sir  Benjamin  Rudyard  of  this 

very 


Of    ENGLAND.       167 

very  Day  a;  which  probably  was  one  great  Means  An,  18  Car.  f. 
of  the  Queftion's  being  carried  in  the  Affirmative.  16^. 

Mr.  Speaker,  February. 

*  T  Do  verily  think  that  the  Vote  we  have  already  Sir  Benjamin 

L  pafied,  for  the  difbanding  the  Armies  the  firft**^'* 
and  tenth  of  March,  will  find  us  no  farther  on  our oS^? 
Way  than  where  we  now  are,  befides  the  ill  Acci- 
dents that  may  happen,  and  fo  much  precious  Time 
fpent,  as  till  then. 

*  Sir,  the  main  Bufinefs  is,  whether  we  mall  have 
a  prefent  Treaty  or  no.     And  this  concerns  us  in 
all  that  we  have,   and   are.     Since  we  refufed   a 
Treaty  at  Nottingham,  I  do  not  find  that  we  have 
gotten  much  Ground,  although  our  Army  then  was 
frefh,  full,  and  full  paid;  the  People  erect,  bountiful, 
and  forward  to  the  War.  -   Now  the  Difpofition  of 
the  Kingdom,  for  thegreateft  Part,  (lands  bent  to- 
wards a  Peace  :  So  that  wherefoever  the  Refufal, 
or  Delay  of  the  Way  to  it  (hall  be  fixed,  the  Dif- 
ad vantage  will  fall  on  that  Side.     How  clear  foever 
the  Intentions  of  the  Houfe  are,  yet  abroad  it  will 
be  taken  but  as  a  Shew  without  Reality,  and  fo  it 
will  be  returned  upon  us. 

*  For  the  Proportions ;  I  have  not  known,  nor 
heard,  that  all  the  Propofitions  in  any  Treaty  of 
Importance  were  ever  fwallowed  whole.     If  fome 
be  harm  and  rough,  they  may  be  wrought  and  fup- 
pled  by  wife  Treaters,  made  fit  for  an  acceptable 
Agreement.     If  others  be  unpayable,  they  may  be 
totally  rejected.    Thofe  that  are  our  unqueftionable 
Rights,  may  be  fo  claimed,  and  held. 

4  Mr.  Speaker,  we  have  d ready  tafted  the  bitter 
bloody  Fruits  of  War,  w«  are  grown  exceedingly 
behind-hand  with  ourfelves  fince  we  began  it :  If  we 
perfift,  there  will  fuch  a  Confluence  of  Mifchiefs 
break  in  upon  us,  as,  I  am  afraid,  will  ruin  the 
King,  the  Kingdom,  the  Nation  ;  unlefs  God  be 
merciful  to  us,  and  do  ftep  in  with  a  great  Miracle, 
for  a  little  one  will  not  ferve  our  Turn. 

<I 
a  From  the  original  Edition  printed  for  Midas!  Young* 


i 68       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.Car.  I.      «  I  have  long  and  thoughtfully  expe&ed  that  the 

l64z*        Cup  of  Trembling,  which  hath  gone  round  about 

*T7V"^*1'    us  to  other  Nations,  would  at  length  come  in  amongft 

ruary'      us  ;  it  is  now  come  at  laft,  and  we  may  drink  the 

Dregs  of  it,  the  worft ;  which  God  avert. 

'  There  is  yet  fome  Comfort  left,  that  our  Mife- 
ries  are  not  likely  to  laft  long :  For  we  cannot  fight 
here  as  they  do  in  Germany,  in  that  great,  large, 
vaft  Continent ;  where,  although  there  be  War  in 
fome  Parts  of  it,  yet  there  are  many  other  remote 
quiet  Places  for  Trade  and  Tillage  to  fupport  it. 
We  muft  fight  as  in  a  Cock-pit,  we  are  furrounded. 
with  the  Sea.  We  have  no  ftronger  Holds  than  our 
own  Skulls,  and  our  own  Ribs,  to  keep  out  Ene- 
mies j  fo  that  the  whole  Kingdom  will  fuddenly  be 
but  one  Flame. 

',  It  hath  been  faid  in  this  Houfe,  That  we  arc 
bound  in  Conscience  to  punifh  the  Shedding  of  in- 
nocent Blood  :  But,  Sir,  who  (hall  be  aniwcrable 
for  ail  the  inrocent  Blood  which  mall  be  fpilt  here- 
after, if  we  do  not  endeavour  a  Peace,  by  a  fpeedy 
Treaty  ?  Certainly  God  is  as  much  to  be  trufted  in, 
a  Treaty  as  in  a  War  :  It  is  he  that  gives  Wifdom 
to  treat,  as  well  as  Courage  to  fight,  and  Succefs 
to  both,  as  it  pleafeth  him.  Blood  is  a  crying  Sin, 
it  pollutes  a  Lund  :  Why  fiiould  we  defile  this  Land 
any  longer  f 

'  W  nerefore,  Mr.  Speaker,  let  us  flint  Blood  as 
foon  as  we  can.  Let  us  agree  with  our  Adverfaries, 
in  the  Way,  by  a  prefcnt,  fhort,  wary  Treaty* 
God  dired  us/ 

Feb.  18.  At  a  Conference,  this  Day,  the  Com- 
mons informed  the  Lords,  That  they  agreed  with 
them  in  all  the  Articles  relating  to  the  Treaty  j  but 
thefe  will  fail  apter  in  another  Place. 

Propofitionsfrom  /^£.  2O.  New  Propofitions  having  been  made  to 
£e«£!IZ«SM .  the  Citizens  for  a  confiderable  Advance  of  Money, 
railing' Money,  fome  of  the  Aldermen  and  Common  Council,  this 
difbanding  the  Day,  attended  the  Houfe  of  Lords  ;  when,  being 
Arm)-,  »(.  cajje(j  jn>  they  ^ec\zrc^  *  That  tjiey  were  fent  from 

the  Lord  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Common  Coun- 
cil 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       169 

cil  of  the  City  of  London,  to  give  their  Lord-  An.  iS.  Car.  T, 
(hips  an  Account  of  the  Defire  of  both  Houfes  for 
the  Advancement  of  60,000  /  which  the  Common 
Council  have  taken  into  Confideration,  and  voted 
to  raife  it  fpeedily,  if  poflible  it  may  be  j  and  the 
Common  Council  have  many  Things  in  Agitation, 
which  are  not  yet  digefted  ;  but  think  it  fit  humbly 
to  defire  of  their  Lordfliips,  and  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons, fome  Things  that  will  give  Encouragement  in 
the  raifing  of  this  Money,  which  they  ofFer  to  their 
Lordfhips  Confideration. 

1 .  '  That  both  Houfes  would  vouchfafe  to  ad- 
vance the  raifing  of  60,000 /.  by  their  own  Ex* 
ample,  and  pay  it  into  the  Hands  of  the  Treafurers 
at  Guildhall^  in  London,  to  the  End  that  the  Sight 
of  it  may  encourage  others. 

2.  *  That  they  may  be  eafed  in  the  Rates  of  the 
weekly  AfTeflrnent,  becaufe  it  exceeds  the  Propor- 
tion of  the  County,  if  it  be  not  too  late. 

3.  «  That  the  3000  /.  per  Month,  granted  for 
Defence  of  the  City,  out  of  the  weekly  AflefTment, 
may  be  made  4000  /. 

4.  '  It  is  humbly  defired  that  the  Citizens  Lands 
and  Houfes  in  the  Country  may  not  be  rated  for 
the  weekly  Afieflrnent,  fo  that  they  pay  in  London. 

5.  *  It  is  defired,  in  regard  they  are  informed  that 
divers  Mifinformations  have  been  made  concerning 
the  City  of  London  by  private  Perfons,  that  hereafter 
rio  fuch  Credit  may  be  given  thereunto,  as  to  be  ac- 
counted the  Senfe  of  the  City,  unlefs  it  proceeds  from 
the  Court  of  Aldermen  or  Common  Council,  fig- 
riiried  by  fpecial  MelTengers  of  their  own,  or  by  their 
Burgefies,  directed  by  one  of  the  faid  Courts. 

6.  *  That  it  will  much  promote  the  faid  Service, 
if  the  Money  aflefled  by  virtue  of  divers  Ordinances 
be  collected  forthwith  in  London,  and  other  Parts  of 
the  Kingdom,  that  the  Charge  may  not  lye  wholly 
upon  the  willing  Party  j  for  that  otherwife  the  Well- 
affecled  will  be  either  deftroyed  with  them  or  for 
them  ;  with  them,  if  they  mould  refufe  as  others  do  j 
or  for  them,  by  contributing,  alone,  to  the  Public 
{Safety  more  than  their  Kftates  will  bear. 

7.  «  That 


170     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.     7.  '  That  Search  be  made,  without  the  Liber- 
1642.        ties?  jn  the  Parts  adjacent,  for  fufpe&ed  Perfons ; 
4-T"v-'--'    and  that,  upon  the  Difbanding,  thofe  that  are  called 
arjr"     the  King's  Army  may  be  enjoined  to  go  to  their  fe- 
veral  Habitations,  and  not  to  come  to  London^  to 
the  Difturbance  of  the  Peace,  Safety,  and  Welfare 
of  the  faid  City,  and  of  the  good  Government  there- 
of; and  that,  during  the  Time  of  the  Treaty  and 
Ceflation,  none  of  the  faid  Army  may  be  permitted 
to  come  to  the  City. 

8.  *  That  to  prevent  Mifapprehenfions  and  Jea- 
loufies  concerning  the  prefent  Proceedings  of  both 
Houfes  of  Parliament,  about  the  Treaty  and  Cefla- 
tion, and  Difbanding,  it  is  humbly  prayed  it  may 
be  declared,  That  the  R.efolution  of  both  Houfes  is 
the  fame  as  at  the  firft,  That  nothing  fhall  be  done 
but  that  which  tends  to  the  fecuring  the  trite  Prote- 
ftant  Religion,  the  juft  Liberties  of  the  Subjects,  and 
Privileges  of  Parliament. 

9.  *  It  is  defired  that  the  Ordinance  for  the  week- 
ly Afleflment  may  pafs  forthwith,  for  fecuring  the 
Reimburfement  of  the  60,000  /.  which,  otherwife, 
will  not  be  raifed. 

*  The  Refolutions  of  both  Houfes  are  humbly 
defired  herein,  as  an  Encouragement  to  carry  on 
the  Bufinefs.' 

The  Anfwer  returned  to  thefe  Meflages  was, 
'  That  their  Lordfhips  gave  the  Lord  Mayor, 
Aldermen,  and  Common  Council,  Thanks  for  their 
Readinefs  and  Care  in  the  raifing  of  6o,ooo/.  and 
to  let  them  know  that  their  Lordfhips  hope  nothing 
fhall  be  done  in  this  Treaty,  but  what  {hall  be  for 
the  Security  of  the  true  Proteftant  Religion,  the  Pri- 
vilege of  Parliament,  the  juft  Privileges  of  the  Sub- 
ject, and  the  Security  of  the  City  of  London. 

'  For  the  Ordinance  for  the  weekly  AfleiTmcnt, 
this  Houfe  hath  palled  it  already,  and  fern  it  to  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  ;  and  concerning  the  making  or" 
3000  /.  Allowance  a-wcek  to  be  4000  /.  their  Lord- 
fliips  will  give  the  beft  Furtherance  ihey  can  in  it. 

As 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       171 

As  for  other  Particulars  their  Lordfliips  will  take  An,  iS.  Car.  I. 
them  into  Confutation.'  i64*« 

Pel.  2 1 .  The  Houfe  of  Lords  had  fent  a  Copy  of  February- 
the  Votes  of  both  Houfes  concerning  the  Ceflation, 
&c.  to  the  Earl  of  E/ex,  their  General  j  at  the  fame 
*Timedefiring  his  Opinion  and  Advice  about  them ; 
to  which  the  General  returned  the  following  Anfwer, 
addrefled  to  their  Speaker  ; 

My  Lord, 

J  Muft  acknowledge  the  Obligation  I  have  to  the  Letter  from  tha 

Lords,  that  they  dejire  my  Advice  about  the  Par-  Earl  of  EJ'ex 
ticulars  concerning  a  Cejjation.  My  Lord*  if  I  had  concerning aQff- 
known  of  it  before  it  had  been  voted,  I  Jhould  have  atlon* 
clearly  delivered  my  Opinion,  and  then  fubmitted  my- 
felf  and  it  to  your  Lordjbips  greater  Wifdoms ;  but> 
my  Lord,  now  I  know  my  Duty.  The  Arms  you  have 
raifed  are  fo  differ  fed,  and  Jo  many  Difficulties  in 
it,  that  it  is  too  great  a  Burden  for  me  to  undertake 
to  deliver  my  Opinion ;  not  doubting  but  that  your 
Lord/hips ,  in  ycur  grave  Wifdoms,  have  weighed  all 
the  Inconveniences  that  may  happen  to  your  Servants 
employed  by  you,  during  this  CeJJation,  and  the  Ways 
how  to  prevent  them  before  you  voted  the  CeJJation. 
My  Lord,  if  I  knew  how  to  give  a  clear  Anfwer  to 
a  Bufinefs  1  am  fo  great  a  Stranger  to,  having  been 
at  none  of  the  Debates,  I  Jhould  /hew  my  Obedience 
to  their  Commands.  I  am, 

My  Lord, 

Windfor.  Feb.  20,        Your  Lordfliip's 

1642. 

humble  Servant, 

ESSEX. 

After  this  the  Houfe  being  informed  that.one  Mr. 
William  Murray  was  without,  with  a  Letter  from 
his  Majefty  to  the  Speaker,  his  Lordfhip  was  ap- 
pointed to  receive  it ;  which  contained  only  a  Com- 
mand to  read  the  following  Meflage  in  the  Houfe, 

and 


172     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.  and  afterwards  to  communicate  it  to  the  Cora- 

1642.        mons. 

February.  CHARLES      R. 

And  the  King's*  "XTTHereas  his  Majefy7  hath,  together  with 
Meflage  on  the  <  yy  a  Treaty,  propofed  a  Ceflation  of  Arms 
<  ^  feoth  his  fjoufes  of  Parliament,  now  fixteen 
'  Days  fince,  to  which,  as  yet,  he  hath  received 

*  no  Anfwer  :  To  the  End  that  his  Majefty  may  fo 

*  clearly  underftand  the  Houfes,  that  no  fuch  Impu- 
'  tations,  as  have  been  formerly,  may  after  be  laid 
(  upon  him,  upon  Occafion  of  any  thing  that  may 

*  intervene;   his  Maj.efty  defires,  if  a  Ceflation  (hall 
'  be  approved  of  by  them,  that  the  Day  upon  which 

*  the  Ceflation  is  thought  fit  to  begin,  and  fuch  par- 

*  ticular  Limits  and  Conditions  of  that  Ceflation  as 
'  are  neceflary  to  be  underftood  and  agreed  on  before 
'  the  Ceflation  Ltfelf  can  a&ually  begin,  be  propofed 

*  by  them  at  the  fame  Time,  with  their  Approba- 

*  tion  of  it;  fince,  as  his  Majefty  fuppofes  by  the 
'  prefent  great  Preparation  of  feveral  Forces  of  the 
f  Earl  of  Effex  to  march  feveral  Ways,  that  till 

*  fuch  Time  as  this  be  done,  they  do  not  conceive 

*  themfelves  obliged  to  an  actual  Ceflation  :  So  nei- 
4  ther,  till  then,  doth  his  Majefty  conceive  himfelf 

*  obliged  to  it.' 

Hereupon  the  Lords  refolved  to  have  a  Conference 
with  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  communicate  this 
Meflage  and  the  Earl  of  EJJex's  Letter  to  them  ;  and 
to  defire  that  a  Committee  of  Members  of  both 
Houfes  may  be  appointed  to  confider  in  what  Man- 
ner, and  what  Limitations,  the  Ceflation  of  Arms 
may  proceed  in,  and  how  to  be  carried  on. 

Feb.  23.  The  Parliament  had  fent  a  Petition  to 
the  King,  which  they  called  their  Defire  and  Ad- 
vice, That  the  next  Lent  Afiizes,  &c.  fhould  be 
put  off,  during  thefc  turbulent  Times  ;  they,  this 
Day,  r  -ceived  an  Anfwer  to  it  from  the  King,  which 
ivas  read  in  the  Houfe  ;  and,  for  Connection  Sake, 

we 


Of   ENGLAND.       173 

we  give  them  both  together.     And,  firft,  the  De-An,  18.  Car.  I. 
fire  and  Advice :  l64*' 

cr'HE  Lords  and  Commons  In  Parliament  humbly        *iuary" 
-*   JheWj  That  your  Juftices  and  other  liege  People ,TJie  pariiament 
who  are  or  Jhall  be  fummonedy  or  have  other  Caufe  to  defire  the  Lent 
attend  at  the  next  AJfizes  and  General  Goal-Delivery  Affiz«  maX  *» 
appointed  to  be  Jhortly  kept  in  the  feveral  Counties  0/*  ut  °  * 
England  and  Wales,  cannot  refort  thither  without 
great  Peril  of  their  Lives,  and  Damage  to  their 
£J1ates>  by  reafon  of  the  prefent  miferable  Dijlrac- 
tions,  and  armed  Forces  being  in  all  Parts  of  your 
Realm  :  In  regard  whereof  \  the  Lords  and  Commons 
do  humbly  advife  and  defire  your  Majefty  to  command* 
That  the  faid  djfizes  and  General  Goal-Delivery  be 
not  holden  as  is  appointed ;  but  that  the  fame  may  be 
deferred  until!  it  Jhall  pleafe  God  to  re/lere  Peace  un- 
to your  People. 

His  MAJESTY'*  ANSWER  to  the  foregoing  DESIRE 
and  ADVICE. 

'  T  TI  S  Majefty  hath  weighed  the  Defire  and  To  which  the 

*  I    I    Advice  of  the  Lords  and  Commons,  fentKine  «& 
'  in  a  Letter  to  the  Lord  Falkland  from  the  Earl  ofConfeRt* 
'  Manchefter^  concerning  the  putting  off  the  Gene- 

*  ral   Affixes   and   Goal-Delivery   throughout  the 

*  Kingdom.     To  which  his  Majefty  returns  this 
4  Anfwer,  That  the  prefent  bloody  Diffraction  of 
c  the  Kingdom  (which  his  Majefty  hath  ufed  all 

*  poflible  Means  to  prevent,  and  will  ftill  to  remove) 

*  doth  afflict  his  Majefty,  under  no  Confideration 
4  more,  than  of  the  great  Interruption  and  Stop  it 
'  makes  in  the  Courfe  and  Proceedings  of  Juftice, 
'  and  the  Execution  of  the  Laws  ;    whereby  his 
'  good  Subjects  are  robbed  of  the  Peace  and  Secu- 
'  rity  they  were  born  to  :  And  therefore,  as  much 
'.as  in  him  lies,  he  will  advance  that  only  Means 
'  of  their  Happinefs ;  at  leaft  they  (hall  fee  that  their 

*  Sufferings,  that  Way,  proceed  not  from  his  Ma- 

*  jefty  :     And  fince  they  may  now  expect,  by  the 

Laws, 


174     T&e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 
An.  18.  Car.  l.t  Laws,   Statutes,  and  Cuftoms  of  the  Kingdom, 
!     \^_  ^  *  the  Affixes  and  General  Goal-Delivery  in°every 
February.     '  County,  his  Majefty  thinks  not  fit  to  command 

*  the  contrary ;  but  will  take  fevere  and  precilc 

*  Order,  that  none  of  his  good  Subjects  (hall  re- 

*  ceive  the  leaft  Prejudice,  as  they  repair  thither, 
«  by  any  of  his  Majefty's  Forces  ;  which  Rule  he 
«  fhall  be  glad  to  fee  obferved  by  others ;  and  then 

*  he  hopes,    by  the  due  Execution  of  the  Laws, 

*  even  thefe  public  Calamities  may  have  fome  Abate- 
c  ment,  and  the  Kingdom  recover  its  former  Peace 

*  and  Profperity.' 

The  latter  End  of  this  Month  was  chiefly  taken 
up  in  framing  Articles  to  be  fent  to  the  King  for  a 
Ceflation  of  Arms,  before  the  intended  Treaty  be- 
gan. And,  after  confulting  with  their  Lord-General 
and  a  Council  of  War,  a  Form  was  drawn  up ; 
which,  after  many  Conferences  and  Alterations,  was, 
on  the  28th  of  this  Month,  perfected,  read,  and 
agreed  to  by  both  Houfes,  and  ran  in  thefe  Words  : 

•'  "T  T  THereas  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  Par- 
'*  T  T  liament,  out  of  a  tender  Senfe  of  the  pre- 
'  fent  Miferies  and  Diftra&ions  of  the  Kingdom, 
'  and  for  the  obtaining  and  fettling  of  a  happy  Peace 

*  between  his  Majefty  and  his  People,  have  humbly 
'  prefented  his  Majefty  divers  Proportions,  to  which 

*  he  hath  been  pleafed  to  make  this  Return  :   That 
'  his  Defire  was,  that  a  fpeedy  Time  and  Place  might 
'  be  appointed  for  the  difcujjing  of  thofe  Proportions, 

*  and  likewife  fome  others  propofed  by  his  Majejly.  It 
'  is  thereupon  agreed  in  both  Houfes,  that  a  Com- 

*  mittee  of  both  Houfes  fhall  be  appointed  to  attend 

*  his  Majefty,  on  or  before  the  fourth  of  March,  if 
'  his  Majefty  (hall  fo  pleafe,  to  endeavour  to  give  him 

*  all  humble  and  fit  Satisfaction  concerning  the  faid 

*  Propofitions,  both  his  Majefty's  and  their  own. 

'  And  whereas,  for  the  more  fpeedy  Removal  of 
«  the  bloody  and  miferabie  Effects  of  War,  his  Ma- 
'jefty  hath  likewife  been  gracioufly  pleafed,  by  a 

*  late  Meflage,  to  fignify  his  Defire,  That,  for  avoid- 

'ing 


Of     E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         175 

c  ing  all  intervening  Accidents  of  War^  which  might  An.  18.  Car.  1 

*  interrupt  this  Treaty ,  there  might  be  a  CeJ/ation        164*' 

*  of  Arms  under  fuch  particular  Conditions  and  Li"    '    "¥*•• 
«  mitations  as  Jhould  be  agreed  on  :  Their  humble     February* 
c  Defires  therein  concurring  with  his  Majefty,  it  is, 

*  by  them,  aflented  and  agreed,  That  a  Ceflation 

*  of  Arms,  in  order  to  fuch  a  Treaty  as  is  refolved 
«  upon  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  may  be  in- 
'  joined  to  all  the  Armies  and  Forces  now  on  Foot 

*  in  the  Kingdom  of  England  and  Dominion  of 
'  Wales,  on  either  Side,  under  the  Reftrictions  and 

*  Limitations  hereafter  following  ;  and  that  neither 
«  Side  {hall  be  bound  and  limited  by  this  Ceflation 
'  in  any  otherwife,  or  to  any  other  Purpofe,  than  is 

*  hereafter  exprefled. 

I.  '  That  all  Manner  of  Arms,  Ammunition, 

*  Victuals,  Money,  Bullion,  and  all  other  Commo- 

*  dities,  paffing  without  fuch  a  Safe-Conduct  as  may 

*  warrant  their  Paflage,  may  be  ftaid  and  feized  on, 
'  as  if  no  fuch  Ceflation  were  agreed  on  at  all. 

II.  *  That  all  Manner  of  Perfons,  paffing  with- 
'  out  fuch  a  Safe-Conduct  as  is  mentioned  in  the 

*  Article  next  going  before,  (hall  be  apprehended 
«  and  detained,  as  if  no  fuch  Ceflation  were  agreed 

*  on  at  all. 

III.  «  That  his  Majefty 's  Forces  in  Oxfordshire 
'  fhall  advance  no  nearer  to  Windfor  than  Wheatly  ; 
'  and,  in  Buckingham/hire^  no  nearer  to  Aylejbury 
<  than  Brill ;  and  that,  in  Berkjhire,  the  Forces  re- 
'  fpectively  (hall  not  advance  nearer  the  one  to  the 
'  other  than  now  they  are ;  that  the  Parliament's 

*  Forces  \nOxfordjhire  fhall  advance  no  nearer  ioOx- 

*  ford  than  Henley,    thofe  in  Buckingham/hire ,  no 
«  neajer  to  Oxford  than  Aylejbury ;  that  his  Majefty's 

*  Forces  fhall  take  no  new  Quarters  above  twelve 

*  Miles  fromOxford,  any  Way;  and  that  the  Parlia- 
'  ment's  Forces  fhall  take  no  new  Quarters  above 

*  twelve  Miles  from  IVindfcr^  any  Way. 

IV.  «  That  no  Siege  fnall  be  begun,  or  continued, 
c  againft  Gloucejler  ;  and  that  his  Majefty's  Forces, 

*  now  employed  in  the  Siege,  fhall  return  to  Ciren- 

«  ct/ftr9 


The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  iS.  Car.  l.«  cefter,  and  Malm/bury,  or  to  Oxford,  as  fhall  be 

1642.        t  moft  for  their  Conveniency :  That  the  Parliament's 

*T"""V"~**'    *•  Forces  which  are  in  G loucefter/hire  (hall  remain 

iary'      «  in  the  Cities  of  Gloucejler,  Brijlol,  and  the  Caftle 

'  and  Town  of  Berkley ;  or  retire  nearer  to  Wind- 

'  for,  as  they  (hall  fee  Caufe  j  and  that  thofe  of 

*  Wales,  which  are  drawn  to  Gloucester,  (hall  return 

*  into  their  Quarters  where  they  were  before  they 
'  drew  down  to  Gloucejierjhire; 

V.  '  That  in  Cafe  it  be  pretended,  on  either  Side, 
«  that  the  Ceflation  is  violated,  no  Act  of  Hoftility 

*  is  immediately  to  follow ;    but,  firft,  the  Party 

*  complaining  is  to  acquaint  the  Lord-General  on 
'  the  other  Side,  and  to  allow  three  Days,  after  No- 

*  tice  given  for  Satisfaction  :  And  in  Cafe  Satisfac- 

*  tion  be  not  given  or  accepted,  then  five  Days  No- 

*  tice  to  be  given  before  Hoftility  begin  :  And  the 
'  like  to  be  obferved,  in  the  remoter  Armies,  by  the 
'  Commanders  in  Chief. 

'  Laftly,  That  all  other  Forces  in  the  Kingdom 
'  of  England  and  Dominion  of  Wales,  and  not  be- 
'  fore-mentioned,  mall  remain  in  the  fame  Quar- 
«  ters  and  Places  as  they  are  at  the  Time  of  the 

*  publifhing  of  this  Ceflation,  and  under  the  fame 

*  Conditions  as  are  mentioned  in  the  Articles  before ; 
'  and  that  this  Ceflation  (hall  not  extend  to  reftrain 

*  the  fetting  forth,  or  employing,  of  any  Ships  for 

*  the  Defence  of  his  Majefty's  Dominions. 

*  All  which  they  humbly  defire  his  Majefty  will 
'  be  pleafed  to  ratify  and  confirm,  and  that  this  Cef^ 

*  fation  may  begin  upon  the  fourth  of  March  next, 

*  or  fooner  if  it  may  be,  and  continue  untill  the 

*  twenty-fifth  of  the  fame  Month  ;  and,  in  the  mean 
'  Time,  to  be  publifhed  to  the  Commanders,  Of- 
'  ficers,  and  Soldiers,  and  all  other  his  Majefty'a 
'  loving  Subjects  on  either  Side ;  and  that  the  Treaty 
'  intended  may  commence  upon  the  fourth  of  March 

*  next,  or  fooner  if  it  may  be  ;  and  the  Continuance 
'  thereof  not  to  exceed  twenty  Days. 

The  fame  Day  a  Petition  was  prefented  to  the 
Lords,  from  the  City  of  London^  bjr  four  Alder- 
men, 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        177 

men,   importing,    That   by  the  Ordinance  lately  An.  18.  Car.  I 
made  for  the  weekly  Supply  of  io,ooo/.  the  faid 
Sum  is  too  much  for  the  City  to  bear,  i:i  regard 
of  the  Inequity  between  them  and  the  Rates  of 
other  Counties,  and  they  defired  that  there  might  Petition  from 
be  a  clearer  Explanation  than  is  yet  by  the  faid  Or-theCity  of  Lea~ 
dinance  made  :  Alfo  a  full  Declaration  to  free  the**  weddy'Af" 
Citizens  of  London,  for  their  Houfes  and  Lands  ly-feffinent. 
ing  in  feveral  Counties ;  they  being  affeffed  and  pay- 
ing in  the  City. 

The  Aldermen  were  called  in  and  told,  That 
fince  their  Petition  was  directed  to  both  Houfes  of 
Parliament,  the  Lords  would  communicate  it  to  the 
Commons,,  and  confider  of  it  in  due  Time. 

The  Commons  fent  up  an  Ordinance  as  a  Secu- 
rity to  the  City  for  the  late  Loan  of  60,000  /.  at  8  /. 
per  Cent,  the  Principal  to  be  repaid  out  of  the  firft 
Monies  to  be  raifed  by  the  Weekly  Afleffment, 
now  forthwith  to  be  laid  as  well  on  the  reit  of  the 
Kingdom  as  on  the  City  of  London.  Agreed  to  by 
the  Lords  ;  and  particular  Commiffioners  were  na- 
med and  appointed  to  go  down  into  the  feveral 
Counties,  to  fee  this  extraordinary  Tax  levied,  and 
the  Ordinance  for  it  duly  executed,  which  amounted, 
according  to  an  Hiftorian  of  that  Age,  to  33,5807. 
a  Week.  ' 

Notwithftanding  the  King's  Anfwer  to  the  Parlia- 
ment's Petition  about  putting  off  the  Aflizes,  they 
concluded,  That  the  Oath  the  Judges  had  taken  to 
obey  the  King's  Mandates,  and  that  they  might  be 
prejudiced  in  obeying  the  Parliament,  were  no  Rea- 
fons  for  holding  the  Aflizes  in  thefe  Times  ;  when 
the  Power  of  the  Sword  was  fo  prevailing,  that  the 
public  Juflice  of  the  Kingdom  could  not  be  admi- 
niftered  in  an  equal  and  indifferent  Way  :  They 
therefore  ordained,  That  the  feveral  Judges  andThe  Par 
Juftices  of  Afiize  of  the  feveral  Courts,  &c.  fhould forbid  the 
forbear  to  execute  any  Comgiiflions  of  Aflize  this  tog°  their  Cu- 
.  Lent  Vacation,  as  they  would  anfwer  the  Contemptcuits 
thereof  at  their  Peril. 

VOL.  XII.  M  The 

a  Sir  Cnrgt  Wk  art-si?  i  Chronology, 


178       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.     The  laft  Thing  that  both  Houfes  agreed  upon,  as 
this  Day,  was  the  naming  and  appointing  Com- 
mifli°ners  to  go  uP°n  tne  Oxford  Treaty.     The 
Lords  named  the  Karl  of  Northumberland  and  the 
Commiflioners    Lord  Vifcount  Say  and  Sele  ;  and  the  Commons,  Sir 
appointed  for  the  William  Armyn,  Sir  John  Holland,  Mr.  Pierpoint, 
Treaty atOx/W. and  Mr.  Whitlocke.     It  was  alfo  ordered,  That  the 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords  fhould  fend  the  Ar- 
ticles relating  to  the  CefTation,  inclofed  in  a  Letter 
to  the  Lord  Falkland,  the  King's  Principal  Secretary 
of  State ;  and  likewife  to  defire  a  Safe- Conduct  from 
his  Majefty,  for  the  Commiflioners  of  both  Houfes 
to  go  to  Oxford  and  back  again. 

An  Ordinance  of  Parliament  was  now  made  for 
fortifying  the  Cities  of  London  and  IVeftminJler,  and 
the  Borough  of  Southward,  and  the  flopping  up  all 
High-ways  and  Bye-ways  leading  to  them,  &c. 

March  2.  The  neighbouring  Counties  aflbciating 
with  one  another  againft  the  King,  was  much  en- 
couraged by  the  Parliament.  The  King  did  all  he 
could  to  prevent  it,  by  Proclamations,  &c.  and,  this 
Day,  one  of  them  was  fent  up  to  the  Lords  by  the 
Commons,  with  the  latter's  Refolutions  and  Votes 
upon  it ;  to  which  they  defired  the  Lords  Concur- 
rence :  A  Copy  of  which  we  think  proper  to  infert, 
as  a  Specimen  of  many  more,  in  the  Journals,  of 
the  fame  Kind. 

By    the     KIN  G. 

His  MAJESTY'J  PROCLAMATION,  forbidding  all 
his  loving  Subjects  of  the  Counties  0/"Kent,  Surrey, 
Suflex,  and  Hampshire,  to  raife  any  Forces  with- 
out his  Majefty's  Confent,  or  to  enter  into  any  Af- 
fociation  or  Proteftation  for  the  Ajfytance  of  the 
Rebellion  againft  his  Maje/ly. 

The  King's  Pro- «  "TT  THereas  we  have  been  informed  of  certain 
damation againft <    yy    propofitions  agreed  upon  by  fome  feditious 

the  Afiociations  ,r»rT  fr        f  \"  f^         r.          },  „  p 

in  Favour  of  the    "erfons  of  our  feveral  Counties  of  Kent,   Surrey, 

Parliament.       «  SuJJex,  and  Hampjhire,  for  an  Aflbciation  betwixt 

«  the  faid  Counties,  to  raife  an  Army  of  3000  Foot 

«  and 


.  Of   ENGLAND.         179 

*  and  300  Horfe,  and  great  Sums  of  Money  for  the  An.  iR.Car.  !• 

*  Maintenance  thereof,  and  an  Invitation  to  our  good        1643. 

'  Subjects  of  thofe  Counties,  to  enter  into  a  Prote-    V"*M^h"J 
'  ftation  to  aflift  them  in  this  odious  and  unnatural 
'  Rebellion :  We  do  hereby  declare,  for  the  Satisfac- 

*  tion  of  all  our  loving  Subjects  of  thofe  Counties, 

*  and  that  they  may  not  be  feduced  from  their  Obe- 
'  dience  by  the  Cunning  and  Subtilty  of  thofe  Men, 
'  That  the  Entry  into  fuch  an  Aflbciation  and  Pro- 
'  reflation,  and  raifingof  Men,  or  contributing  Mo- 
4  ney  unto  the  fame,  is  an  Act  of  High  Treafon, 
'  and  an  Endeavour  to  take  away  our  Life  from  us  : 
'  And  we  do  therefore  ftraitly  charge  and  command 

*  all  our  loving  Subjects  whatfoever,  upon  their  Al- 
'  legiance,  not  to  enter  into  any  fuch  Aflbciation  or 
'  Proteftation  ;  and  that  fuch  as,  by  Colour  of  fuch 
'  Authority,  have  aflembled  together,  do  immedi- 
'  ately  difband,  and  repair  to  their  Houfes. 

'  And  we  do,  once  more,  renew  our  Offer  of  a 

*  free  and  gracious  Pardon  to  all  our  Subjects  of  our 

*  faid  four  feveral  Counties,  excepting  thofe  whom. 
'  we  before  excepted  in  our  feveral  Proclamations 

*  concerning  thofe  our  Counties  ;  againft  all  which 
'  we  lhall  proceed  according  to  the  Rules  of  the 
(  Law,  as  againft  Perfons  guilty  of  High  Treafon  ; 
'  and  whom  we  do  hereby  require  all  our  Officers 
'  and  Minifters  of  Juftice,  and  all  our  loving  Sub- 
'  jecls  whatfoever,  to  apprehend,  and  caufe  to  be 
«  kept  in  fafe  Cuftody. 

'  And  our  exprefs  Pleafure  is,  and  we  do  hereby 
'  will  and  command  all  the  feveral  Tenants  of  the 

*  Perfons  excepted  in  our  Proclamation  for  thofe 
'  four  Counties  of  Kent^  Surrey,  SuJ/ext  and  Hamp- 

*  Jhire,  and  all  other  Perfons  who  are  any  ways  in- 

*  debted  unto  them,  and  all  the  Tenants  to  any 
'  other  Perfon  of  any  of  the  faid  Counties  who  is 
'  now  in  actual  and  open  Rebellion  againft  us,  or 
'  who,  after  the  publifhing  of  this  our  Proclamation, 
'  fhall  contribute  to  the  Maintenance  of  the  Armies 
'  now  in  Rebellion  againft  us,  under  the  ConducT: 
'  of  Robert  Earl  of  Effex,  or  of  any  other  Perfon  or 
'  PerfonSj  or  that  (hall  join  in  any  fuch  traiterous 

M  2  Aflb- 


1 80       ^The  Parliamentary  Hi  STORY 

18.  Car.  l.«  Aflbciation  or  Proteftation,  That  they  forbear  to- 
«  pay  any  Rents  or  Debts  due  to  the  faid  feveral  Per- 
'  f°ns*  kut  Detain  tne  fame  >n  their  Hands  towards 
'  the  Maintenance  of  the  Peace  of  thofe  Counties, 
'  and  the  Reparation  of  fuch  Men  who  have  fuf- 
'  fered  by  the  Violence  of  others. 

'  And  if  any  Soldier  pr  Soldiers,  now  under  Com- 
'.  mand  againft  us  in  either  of  our  faid  Counties, 

*  {hall,  within  fix  Days  after  the  publifhing  of  this 
4  our  Proclamation,  apprehend  and  bring  before  us, 
'  or  any  Officers  of  our  Army,  or  any  other  our 

*  Minifters  of  Jufttce,  fo  that  thePerfon  apprehended 
«  be  kept  in  fafe  Cuftody,  the  Bodies  of  any  of  the 

*  Perfons  fo  excepted  by  us,  or  of  any  of  the  Com- 

*  manders  or  Officers  now  in  Rebellion  againft  usx 

*  in  any  of  the  faid  four  Counties,  fuch  Soldiers,  be- 

*  fides  their  Pardons,  (hall  receive  fuch  liberal  Re- 

*  wards,   by  Penfions  or  otherwife,   as  their  feveral 

*  Services,  in  refpect  of  the  Qualities  of  the  Perfons- 

*  fo  apprehended,  fhall  deferve. 

*  And  if  any  Commander  or  Officer,  except  the 

*  Perfon  fo  excepted,  now  in  Rebellion  againft  us, 
'  in  any  of  the  faid  four  Counties,  {hall,  within  five 

*  Days  after  this  our  Proclamation  publiflied,  being 

*  convinced  in  his  Confcience  of  his  damnable  Of- 

*  fence  againft  God  and  us,   in  afiifting  this  odious 

*  Rebellion,  return  to  his  Allegiance,  and  repair  to 
'  our  Army,  and  commit  no  hoftile  A6fc  in  the  mean 

*  while  aga'rnft  us,  we  {hall  not  only  pardon  him,  but 

*  fo  far  employ  him  as  his  Quality  and  Demeanor 

*  {hall  deferve. 

'  And  we  do  hereby  require  all  our  loving  Sub- 
*-Je6ls,  of  what  Degree  or  Quality  foever,  within- 
'  our  faid  four  feveral  Counties,  upon  their  Ailegi- 

*  ance,   and  as  they  tender  the  Caufe  of  God,  (the 

*  Proteftant  Religion  being  invaded  and  threatened 

*  to  be  rooted  up  by  Anabaptifts,  Brownifts,   and 

*  Atheifts)  of  us  and  our  Poftcrity,   (our  Life  being 

*  fought  after  hi  this  Rebellion)  and  of  themfelves, 
'  (the  Law  and  Liberty  of  the  Subject  being  in  ap- 

*  parent  Hazard  to  be  fubjecled  to  an  arbitrary  law- 
'  lefc  Power  of  a  few  fchifmatical,  factious,  and  am- 

*  bilious 


Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      181 

*  bitious  Perfons)  to  affift  us  in  Perfon,  or  with  theAn. 
c  Loan  of  Money,  Plate,  and  Horfes,  in  this  our  pre- 

*  fent  great  Neceffity. 

*  And  having  faid  thus  much  out  of  our  tender 
e  Regard  of  our  Subjects  of  thofe  our  Counties,  if 

*  they  (hall  henceforv/ard  be  guilty  of  the  Premifes  ; 

*  and  fhall,  either  by  Loan  or  Contribution,  affift 

*  the  faid  Army  of  Rebels,  or  aflemble  and  mufter 
'  themfelves  in  Arms,  without  Authority  derived 

*  from  us  under  our  Hand  ;  or  fhall  enter  into  any 

*  Oath  of  Aflbciation  for  oppofing  us  and  our  Army, 

*  and  fo  compel  us  to  fend  Part  of  our  Forces  thither 
6  to  reduce  them  to  their  Obedience,  they  muft  an- 
'  fwer  to  God  and  their  Country  for  the  Miferies 
«  that  muft  follow. 

'  And  our  Pleafure  is,  That  this  our  Proclamation 
4  be  read  in  all  the  Parifh  Churches  and  Chapels  in 
*•  the  faid  four  feveral  Counties. 

Given  at  our  Court  at  Oxford,  this  fifteenth  Day 
of  February,  in  the  eighteenth  Year  of  our 
Reign. 

This  Proclamation  being  read,  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons defired  their  Lordfhips  Concurrence  in  the 
following  Votes  : 

1.  '  That  in  this  Proclamation,  prohibiting  thevotesofth« 
Aflbciation  of  divers  Counties,  and  the  Con tribu- Commons  tb»«» 
tions  to  the  Army  under  the  Earl  of  EJJex^  there  areuP°n* 
contained  divers  falfe  and  fcandalous  Charges  upon 

the  Proceedings  of  Parliament;  and  that  it  is  Trea- 
fon  to  the  Commonwealth  in  thofe  that  advifed  his 
Majefty  to  the  fetting  forth  of  this  Proclamation  ; 
and  likewife  in  all  fuch  as  (haH  publifti  the  fame,  or 
act  any  thing  upon  it ;  and  that  the  Houfes  will  pro- 
ceed againft  them  according  to  Law. 

2.  '  That  whofoever  did  advife  the  fetting  forth 
of  this  Proclamation,  did  thereby  exprefs  a  malici- 
ous Intention  to  hinder  the- Treaty,  and  the  happy 
Peace  and  Union  to  be  hoped  from  thence,  between 
fhe  King  and  the  People. 

M  3  3-  '  That 


182       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.      3.  <  That  thefe  feveral  Counties  of  Kent>  Surrey, 
.         *2'        Suffix^  HampJhirC)  or  any  other  Counties,  notwich- 
Maich. ftanding  any  thing  in  this  Proclamation,  may  pro- 
ceed to  afibciate  themfelves. 

4.  *  That  the  Lords  be  moved  that  a  Commit- 
tee be  nominated  of  fome  Members  of  both  Houfes, 
for  drawing  a  Declaration  for  vindicating  the  Pro- 
ceedings of  Parliament'  from  the  Scandals  in  this 
Proclamation,  and  upon  the  other  Matters  contained 
in  thefe  Votes.' 

The  Houfe  of  Commons  alfo  defired  the  Time 
might  be  taken  Notice  of,  in  the  Declaration,  when 
this  Proclamation  was  made  ;  which  was  prefently 
after  the  King  had  fent  a  MefTage  to  both  Houfes, 
defiring  a  Treaty  and  Ceffation  of  Arms,  that  fo  all 
Differences  might  be  fettled  betwixt  his  Majefty 
and  the  Parliament. 

To  all  which  the  ^e  Lords  concurred  with  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
Loids  agree.  mons  in  all  the  aforefaid  Votes,  and  nominated  the 
Earls  of  Northumberland  a,  Pembroke  b,  Holland  c, 
Warwick  d,  and  Bolingbroke  %  and  the  Lord  Vifcount 
Say  and  Sele  f,  to  join  with  a  proportionable  Number 
of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  to  draw  up  the  faid  De~ 
claration. 

March  6.  This  Day  the  Lords  received  an  An- 
fwer  from  the  King  to  their  Articles  of  Ceflation, 
which  was  as  follows  : 


The  King's  Ar- 
ticles of  Cefla- 


HI-S  Majefty  hoped  the  Treaty  would  have 
been  begun,  and  the  Ceflation  agreed  on  long 
j  and  that  much  might,  in  this  Time,  have 
been  concluded  in  ordur  to  the  Peace  and  Hap- 
pinefs  of  the  Kingdom  j  but  fmce,  in  almoft  a 
Month  (for  his  Majefty's  Propofitions  were  made 
on  the  third  of  February^  and  he  heard  not  fmce 
from  both  Houfes  till  the  firft  of  March)  no  Con- 
fent  hath  been  yielded  to  it,  he  conceives  the  Cef- 
fation  cannot  begin  fo  foon  as  the  fourth  of  this 
Month  ;  by  which  Time,  though  his  Majefty  ufes 
no  Delay  in  making  his  Anfwer)  the  fame  can 

*  hardly 

»  Algtrntn  Piercy b  Philip  Herbert. c   Henry  Rich,—— 

««  Rcbtrt  Rich, «  Oliver  St.  John, f  William  f  tenet. 


Of   ENGLAND.        183 

c  hardly  be  returned  to  them;  and  many  of  the  Ar-An,  18.  Car.  I. 

4  tides  now  prefented  to  him  from  both  Houfes  con- 

4  cerning  the  Ceflation,  are  fo  ftridr.,  that  fuch  of       MaichT 

4  his  good  Subjects,  who  are  not  of  his  Army  (and 

4  for  whom,  generally,  he  {hall  always  have  a  prin- 

4  cipal,  juft,  and  compaflionate  Regard)  receive  not 

4  any  Benefit,  or  are  reftored  to  any  Liberty  there- 

4  by,  which  his  Majefty  {hall  ever  infift  upon,  (when 

4  in  Matters  meerly  concerning  himfelf,    he  may 

4  defcend  to  eafier  Conditions)  and  which  he  hath 

4  returned  with  fuch  Alterations,  as  he  doubts  not 

4  both  his  Houfes  will  confent  to  ;  and  do  fufficient- 

4  ly  manifeft  how  follicitous  his  Majefty  is  for  the          % 

4  Good  of  his  People,  and  how  defirous  he  is  that, 

4  in  this  unnatural  Contention,  no  more  Blood  of 

4  his  Subjects  may  be  fpilt,  (upon  which  he  looks 

4  with  much  Grief,    Companion,  and  Tendernefs 

4  of  Heart)  even  of  thofe  who  have  lifted  up  their 

4  Hands  againft  him  :  And  his  Majefty  therefore  de- 

4  fires  (againft  which  he  can  imagine  no  Objection 

4  can  be  made)  That  the  Ceflation  may  begin  upon 

4  the  twelfth  of  this  Month,  or  fooner,  if  the  Con- 

4  ditions  of  the  Ceflation  {hall  be  fooner  agreed  on, 

4  and  is  willing  the  fame  {hall  continue  for  twenty 

4  Days ;  in  which  Time  he  hopes  by  the  Treaty, 

4  and  a  clear  Underftanding  of  each  other,  a  full 

4  Peace  and  Happinefs  may  be  eftabliflied  through- 

4  out  the  Kingdom.     And,  during  that  Time,  his 

4  Majefty  is  willing  that  neither  Side  {hall  be  bound 

4  or  limited  by  this  Ceflation  in  any  otherwife,  or  to 

4  any  other  Purpofe,  than  is  hereafter  exprefled. 

I.  4  That  all  Manner  of  Arms,  Ammunition, 
4  Money,   Bullion,  and  Victuals,    paffing  for  the 
*  Ufe  of  either  Army,  without  a  Pafs  or  Safe-Con- 
4  duel  from  the  Generals  of  each  Army,  may  be 
4  flayed  and  feized  on,  as  if  no  Ceflation  was  agreed 
4  on  at  all. 

II.  '  That  all  Officers  and  Soldiers  of  either  Ar- 
4  my,  pafling  without  fuch  Licence  or  Safe-Conduct 
4  as  aforefaid,  may  be  apprehended  and  detained, 
4  as  if  no  fuch  Ceflation  was  agreed  on  at  all :  And 

'that 


184       ffbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Aa.  i?.  Car.  i.«  that  all  Manner  of  Perfons,  his  Majefty's  Subject, 

****'       '  of  what  Quality  or  Condition  foever  (except  Of- 

March.~P  *  ^cers  and  Soldiers  of  either  Army)  fhall  pafs  to 

'  and  from  the  Cities  of  Oxford  and  London,  and 

'  back  again  at  their  Pleafures,  during  this  Ceflation ; 

*  as  likewife  to  and  from  any  other  Parts  ot  his  Ma- 
'  jefty's  Dominions,  without  any  Search,  Stay,  or 
'  Imprifonment  of  their  Perfons,  or  Seizure  and  De- 
'  tention  of  their  Goods  or  Eftates ;  and  that  all 

*  Manner  of  Trade,  Traffick,  and  Commerce  be 
4  free  and  open  between  all  his  Majefty's  Subjects, 

*  excepting  as  aforefaid,  between  the  Officers  and 
4  Soldiers  of  either  Army  j  or  for  Arms,  Ammuni- 
'  tion,  Money,  Bullion,  or  Victuals,  for  the  Ufe 
'  of  either  Army,  without  a  Pafs  or  Safe-Conduct 

*  as  aforefaid  ;  which  may  be  a  good  Beginning  to 

*  renew  the  Trade  and  Correfpondence  of  the  King- 

*  dom,  and  whereby  his  good  Subjects  may  be  re- 
'  ftored  to  the  Liberty  and  Freedom  they  were  born 
'  to,  and  have  fo  happily  enjoyed  till  thefe  miferable 
c  Diftradtions  ;  and  which,  even  during  this  War? 

*  his  Majefty  hath,  to  his  utmolt,  laboured  to  pre- 

*  ferve  j  opening  the  Way,  by  moft  ftricl:  Proclama- 
«  tions,  to  the  Pafiage  of  all  Commodities,  even  to, 

*  the  City  of  London  itfelf. 

III.  '  That  his  M.jcfty's  Forces  in  Oxfordshire 

*  fhall  advance  no  nearer  to  JVindfor  than  Wheatley% 
'  and,  in  Buckinohatnjhire,  no  nearer  to  Aylejbury 
'  than  Brill',  and  that  in  Berkjbire^  the  Forces  refpec- 
'  lively  fhall  not  advance  nearer  the  one  to  the  other 
«  than  they  fhall  be  at  the  Day  to  be  agreed  upon  for 

*  the  Ceflation  to  begin  ;    and  that  the  Forces  of 

*  the  other  Army  in  Oxfordfhirey  fhall  advance  no 

*  nearer  to  Oxford  than  Henley \  and  thofe  in  Buck" 
c  inghamjbire  no  nearer  to  Oxford  than  Aylejbury  j 

*  and  th?.t  the  Forces  of  neither  Army  fhall  advance 

*  their  Quarters  nearer  to  each  other  than  they  fhall 

*  be  upon  the  Day  agreed  on  for  the  Ceflation  to  be- 

*  gin,  otherwife  than  in  PafTage  and  Communication 
'  between  their  feveral  Quarters  rcfpcclively,  with- 

*  out  any  Ads  of  Hoflility  to  each  other ;  but  may 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D       185 

'  enlarge  themfelves  within  their  own  Quarters  re- An.  18.  Car.  j. 

*  fpe£tively,  as  they  (hall  find  convenient.  l64*« 

IV.  '  That  the  Forces  of  either  Army  in  Glou-    ^TT^^"^ 

5  cejlerjhire,  Wiltjkire,  and  Wales ,  as  likewife  in  the 

*  Cities  of  Ghucejler  and  Erijlol^  and  the  Cattle  and 
'  Town  of  Berkley,  (hall  be  guided  by  the  Rule  ex- 

*  prefs'd  in  the  latter  Part  of  the  precedent  Article. 

V.  *  That  in  Cafe  it  be  pretended  on  either  Side, 
'  That  the  CcfTation  is  violated,  no  Ad  of  Hoftility 

<  is  immediately  to  follow ;  but  firft  the  Party  com- 
c  plaining    is   to    acquaint    the    Lord-General   on 

*  the  other  Side,  and  to  allow  three  Days,  after 
'  Notice,  for  Satisfaction ;  and  in  Cafe  Satisfaction, 
'  be  not  given  or  accepted,  then  five  Days  Notice  tp 

6  be  given  before  Hoftility  begin :  And  the  like  tp 
'  be  obferved  in  the  remoter  Armies  by  the  Com* 
'  manders  in  Chief. 

VI.  «  That  all  other  Forces  in  the  Kingdom  of 
«  England  and  Dominion  of  Wales  >  not  before  men- 

<  tioned,   fhall  remain  in  the  fame  Quarters  and 
'  Places,  as  they  are  at  the  Time  of  publifhing  this 
«  Ceflation,  otherwife  than  in  Paflage  and  Commu- 
.'  nication  between  their  feveral  Quarters,  as  is  men- 

*  tioned  in  the  latter  Part  of  the  third  Article :  And 
'  that  this  Ceflation  IhaJl  not  extend  to  reftrain  the 
«  fetting  forth,  or  employing,  any  Ships  for  the  De- 
'  fence  of  his  Majefty's  Dominions ;  provided  that 
«  his  Majefty  be  firft  acquainted  with  the  Particu- 
4  lars,  and  that  fuch  Ships  as  (hall  be  fet  forth  be 
'  commanded  by  fuch  Perfons  as  his  Majefty  fhall 

*  approve  of. 

Lajlfy,  t  That,  during  the  Ceflation }  none  of  his 
'  Majefty's  Subjects  be  imprifoned,  otherwife  than 
'  according  to  the  known  Laws  of  the  Land ;  and 
6  that  there  fhall  be  no  Plundering  or  Violence  offer- 
'  ed  to  any  of  his  Subjects.  And  his  Majefty  is 

<  very  willing,  if  there  be  any  Scruples  made  con- 
'  cerning  thefe  Proportions  and  Circumftances  of 
«  the  Ceffation,  that  the  Committee  for  the  Treaty, 

*  neverthelefs,  may  immediately  come  hither,  and 

4  fo  all  Matters  concerning  the  Ceflation  may  be 

5  here  fettled  by  him,' 

At 


j86     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  18.  Car.  I.     At  the  fame  Time  came  a  Letter  of  Safe-Condu6t 

1644.       for  all  the  Parliament's  Commiflioners,  except  the 

.*— •v—'    Lord  Say.     His  Majefty's  Reafons  for  objecting  to 

March.       tne  jafl.  were>  «  That  his  Lordfhip  was  excepted 

His  Maiefty      *g*™&->  ty  Name,  in  his  Proclamation,  at  Oxford, 

grants  a  Safe-    of  the  third  of  November,  and  by  Writ  to  the  She- 

Conduft  toall^  riff  proclaimed  then  in  that  County;  in  which  his 

the  Parliament's Majeft>s  intention  js  declared  to 'proceed  againft 

Commiilioners,      .    J      *       n     f  ..  _   r_.    ,    _,r  \    r 

«cept  the  Lord  him  as  a  Perfon  guilty  of  High  Treafon ;  and  fo 
Saj.  falling  to  be  within  the  Cafe  of  Sir  John  Evelyn, 

who,  upon  the  fame  Exception,  was  not  admitted 
to  attend  his  Majefty,  with  the  reft  of  the  Commit- 
tee, at  Colebrooke,  in  November  laft  ;  yet  his  Maje- 
fty did  fignify,  that  in  Cafe  the  Houfe  fhall  think 
fit  to  fend  any  other  Perfon  in  the  Place  of  the  Lord 
Say,  who  is  not  included  in  the  like  Exception,  his 
Majefty  hath  commanded  all  his  Officers,  Soldiers, 
and  other  Subjects  to  fuffer  him  as  freely  to  pafs  and 
repafs,  as  if  his  Name  had  been  particularly  compri- 
zed in  the  Safe-Conduct.' 

With  thefe  Objections  to  the  Lord  Say  came  alfo 
the  following  Meffage  relating  to  the  Ceflation  : 


-H1 

«  and  R< 


I  S  Majefty  is  content  that  his  Propofition 
concerning  the  Magazines,  Forts,  Ships, 
Levenue,  and  the  Propofition  of  both  Houfes 

*  for  the  Difbanding  of  the  Armies,  (hall  be  firft 

*  treated  of,  and  agreed  of  before  the  proceeding  to 

*  treat  upon  any  of  the  other  Propofitions ;  and  that, 
4  afterward,  the  fecond  of  his  Majefty's,  and  the 
4  fecond  of  theirs,  be  treated  on  and  agreed  of,  and 

*  fo  on  in  the  fame  Order ;  and  that,  from  the  Be- 

*  ginning  of  the  Treaty,  the  Time  may  not  exceed 
'  twenty  Days ;  in  which,  he  hopes,  a  full  Peace  and 
'  right  Underftanding  may  be  eftablifhed  throughout 
'  the  Kingdom.' 

After  the  reading  of  thefe  Matters  in  the  Houfc 
of  Lords,  the  Lord  Say  ftood  up  and  faid,  That 
he  never  heard  of  this  Proclamation'before  ;  what  he 
did  was  in  Obedience  to  the  Commands  of  the  Par- 
liament* 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        187 

liament,  for  the  fettling  of  the  County  of  Oxford  An.  18.  Car.  £. 
in  Quietnefs  and  Security  ;  and  if  he  fhall  be  pro- 
claimed  a  Perfon  guilty  of  High  Treafon,  for  doing 
his  Duty  to  the  Commands  of  Parliament,  it  will  be 
a  Cafe  worthy  their  Lordfhips  Confideration,  as  a 
Thing  which  much  concerns  the  Privileges  of  Par- 
liament :  But,  for  his  Part,  rather  than  the  Treaty 
and  Ceflation  of  Arms,  for  obtaining  a  happy  Peace 
between  the  King  and  Kingdom,  fliould  be  hin- 
dered, he  defired  the  Lords  to  give  him  Leave  to  at- 
tend this  Houfe,  and  difpenfe  with  his  going  on  the 
Service.  But  the  Lords,  conceiving  this  Precedent 
trenched  on  the  efiential  Proceedings  of  Parliament, 
left  it  freely  to  the  Lord  Say,  either  to  go  or  ftay  as 
he  (hall  think  proper;  as  in  the  like  Cafe  of  Sir 
John  Evelyn  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

Both  Houfes  agreed  to  appoint  a  Committee  to 
confider  of  the  King's  laft  Meflage  on  the  Cefla- 
tion, and  report  back  what  they  think  fit  to  be  dons 
about  it. 

March  7.  A  Meflage  came  up  from  the  Com -The  King's  Ar« 
mons,  with  their  Thoughts  on  the  King's  laft  Arti-t'cies  of  Ceflk- 
cles  for  a  Ceflation,  That  fince  the  Parliament  had* 
before,  fent  Committees  to  confult  with  the  Lord- 
General  about  them,  they  think  it  fit  that  the  fame 
Committee  may  be  fent  again  to  acquaint  him  with 
it,  and  defue  his  Advice  therein.     The  Lords  Field- 
ing and  Hunfdon  were  fent  to  the  General  for  that 
Purpofe. 

March  9.  Thefe  Lords  reported  to  the  Houfe  the 
Effeft  of  their  Embafly  to  the  Earl  of  Effex,  That  - 
he  had  called  a  Council  of  War  to  his  Afliftance ; 
and,  upon  due  Confideration  of  the  King's  Articles, 
they  offered  fome  Inconveniences  which  might  en- 
fue  by  accepting  the  fame,  which  were  read  in  h<zc 
Verba  : 

'  rriHAT  however  any  Cautions  which  his  Ex- His  ObjcQiow 
*     J_     cellency  fhall  propound  by  way  of  Advice10  them- 
6  concerning  the  Ceflation,  as  is  now  by  his  Maje- 


1 88        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.*  fty  propounded  in  thefe  Articles  may  be  fubjec"r.  to 
1642.        <  Misinterpretations,   as  if  he  were  difaffe&ed   to 

*  Peace ;  neverihelefs,  in  Satisfaction  to  the  Defire 

*  of  both  Houfes,  his  Excellency  offereth  unto  their 
4  Consideration  thefe  following  Inconveniences  : 

4  To  the  firft  Article  thefe  Difficulties  are  pro- 
4  pounded  : 

1.  '  That  it  cannot  pofiibly  be  known  or  difcerned 
4  what  Carriages  of  Arms,  Ammunition,  Bullion, 
4  and  Victuals,  are  intended  for  the  Ufe  of  the  Ar- 
-*  my,  and  which  are  not ;  whereby  continual  Con- 
4  tentions  are  like  to  arife  among  the  Guards  of  the 
4  refpedtiye  Quarters,  which  will  endanger  the  Vio- 
4  lation  of  the  Ceffation,  and  the  Breach  of  this 
4  Treaty. 

2.  '  The  Words  in  the  laft  Claufe  being  ambi- 
c  guous,   The  Generals  of  each  Army,  oughc  to  be 
4  made  clearer  by  this  Expreffion,  The  Generals  of 
4  both  Armies ,  as  well  of  his  Majefty's  as  the  Parlia- 

*  meat's  Army. 

To  the  fecond  Article  : 

4  It  is  fcarcely  difcernible  who  is  a  Soldier,   and 

*  who  not ;  and  then  he  who  was  a  Soldier  Yefter- 
4  day,  may,  Tc-day,  be  cafliier'd  to  qualify  him  for 
4  another  Defign  in  either  Army ;  and,  as  this  Ar- 

*  tide  lieth,  500  of  his  Majefty's  Army  may  be  ca- 
4  ihier'd  for  the  Purpofe,  and  fent  into  London,  to  be 
4  in  the  Head  of  the  Malignant  Party  :   Befides,  if 
4  they  be  Soldiers  or  not  Soldiers,  the  unreftrained 
4  Paffage  of  all  other  Perfons  muft,  of  Neceffity,  in- 
4  fufe  Intelligence  and  bad  Impreffures  in  the  Minds 

*  of  Men  in  each  Army  j  and  the  Paffage  of  Com- 

*  modities,  which  muft  be  attended  by  divers  "Per- 

*  fons,  will  open  a  Way  to  the  fame  Inconveniences ; 
4  moreover,  upon  the  free  Paffage  of  Commodities, 
4  will,  of  Neceflity,  follow  the  Importation  of  Mo- 
4  ney  into  each  Army ;  which  is  agreed  to  be  re- 
4  ftrained  by  the  firft  Article.   Furthermore,  in  the 
4  Paffage  of  Carriages,  unfearched,  by  Water  or 

*  Land,  all  Manner  of  warlike  Provifions  and  con- 

*  traband  Goods  may  be  pack'd  up  and  carried  into 
4  each  Army,  as  foon  as  the  Carriages,  who  pre- 


Of    ENGLAND.         189 

*  tend  to  go  to  another  Place,  be  pad  the  Guards  of  An.  iS.  Car.  I. 

*  the  refpeciive  Quarters  :  Neither  can  the  Search  of       4642. 

*  Goods  and  Perfons  be  made  without  great  Difputes  v-  """v-  — J 

*  and  Quarrels,  whereby  daily  Breaches  and  Inter-       Marck« 
'  ruptions  of  the  Ceflation  are  to  be  expected. 

'  In  Confideration  of  which  Premifes,  it  will  be 

*  fafer  for  the  Subjects  to  reftrain  the  Paflage  of 
'  Commodities  for  a  fmall  Time  ;  which,  being  but 

*  twenty  Days  at  the  moft,  cannot  be  of  any  great 
4  Prejudice. 

«  To  the  third  Article  : 

'  It  is  faid  that  the  Claufe  of  the  Communication, 
'  betwixt  the  feveral  Quarters  refpe&ively,  admits 
'  of  fo  great  a  Latitude,  that  thereby  the  Forces  of 

*  Cornwall  and  Newcajlle  may  be  drawn  together 

*  without  Violation  of  the  Ceflation. 

«  To  the  laft  Article: 

*  It  is  faid  that  the  former  Part  of  this  Article, 
'  prohibiting  to  imprifon  any  Subjeft  otherwife  than 

*  by  the  known  Laws  of  the  Land,  doth  contradict 

*  the'fecond  Article,  which  giveth  Licence  to  appre- 
'  hend  and  detain  Soldiers  that  have  no  Safe-Condu<5fc 
«  by  Law  of  War. 

'  For  the  latter  Part  of  this  Article  it  is  requifite 
'  to  explain  it  thus,  That  no  Violence  Jhall  be  offered 
'  to  any  Subjeft,  unlefs  it  be  in  Cafe  of  Difobedience  t9 
4  the  Order  of  one  or  both  Houfes  of  Parliament.'' 

A  Meffage  was  fent  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
by  Sir  Robert  Rich  and  Mr.  Page,  to  communicate 
this  Advice  of  the  Lord-General  to  them,  and  to 
defire  that  the  felecfc  Committees  of  both  Houfes, 
formerly  appointed  to  confider  of  the  King's  Anfwer 
touching  the  Articles  of  the  Ceflation  of  Arms,  may 
meet  this  Afternoon  at  Two  o'Clock,  and  take  this 
Paper,  fent  from  my  Lord-General,  into  Confider- 
ation ;  and  prepare  what  they  conceive  fit  to  be 
done  thereupon,  and  offer  the  fame  to  the  Confider- 
ation of  both  Houfes. 

But  whilft  thefe  Affairs,  tending;  towards  Peace, 
were  in  Agitation,  both  Sides  were  watchful  to  take 

Ad- 


190        The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  18.  Car.  I.  Advantage  of  each  other,  before  the  CefTation  took 
l_<r^*—  _j  Place,  the  Spring  being  now  advanced,  and  the  Sea- 
March.       *°n  fi*  ^or  Action.     Accordingly 

A  Meffage  was,  this  Day,  brought  from  the  Com- 
mons, defiring  a  prefent  Conference,  touching  fome 
Intelligence  they  had  received  from  their  Lord-Ge- 
neral ;  which  was  agreed  to. 

The  Commons       The  Speaker  reported,   *  That,  at  this  Confe- 
teceive  Advice  ofrence,  the  Houfe  of  Commons  acquainted  their  Lord- 
Prince Rufen's  fljips  with  Letters  received  from  Sir  Robert  Cook,  to 
3  *et  tnem  know  that  Prince  Rupert  is   within  four 
Miles  of  Brijlol,  and  intends  to  affault  that  City  : 
Upon  this  the  Lord-General  intends,  To-morrow, 
to  march  out  from  If^indfor  with  the  whole  Army  ; 
but  defires  there  might  be  fome  Courfe  taken  to 
furnifh  and  fupply  Money  and  Victuals  ;   for  the 
effecting  hereof  the  Houfe  of  Commons  have  made 
fome  Votes,  wherein  they  defire  their  Lordfhips 
Concurrence. 

The  Votes  were  read  as  follow  : 

1.  '  That  this  Houfe  doth  approve  of  the  Lord- 
General's  Refolutions  to  march,   upon  Information 
that  the  King's  Forces  are  in  Motion  ;  and  that 
Thanks  be  given  unto  him  for  his  Care  of  the  Safety 
of  the  Kingdom. 

2.  '  That  the  Lord  Mayor  be  defined,  that  a 
Common  Council  be  called  to  meet  To-morrow 
at  Ten  o'Clock  ;  and  that  a  Committee  of  both 
Houfes  may  go  thither  ;    and  that  a  Supply  of  Mo- 
ney, and  other  Afliftance,  may  be  propounded  and 
dellred  for  the  important  Service  of  the  Army  now 
to  march.' 

Both  thefe  Votes  were  agreed  to  by  the  Lords. 
V        ffc  Next  it  was  reported,  '  That  the  Houfe  of  Com- 

Houfes  in  Con-mons  nave  received  fome  Letters  from  the  North, 
iequence  thereof,  by  which  it  feems  there  is  fome  Difference  amongft 
the  Officers  which  command  in  Chief  there  ;  where- 
upon the  Houfe  of  Commons  have  pafled  fome 
Votes,  wherein  they  defire  their  Lordfhips  Concur- 
rence, viz. 

I.  l  That  Letters  be  fent  to  the  Lord-Lieutenants 
and  Deputy -Lieutenants  of  the  Counties  of  Lincoln, 

Not' 


Of    ENGLAND.       191 

Nottingham,  and  Derby,  to  fend  what  Forces  they  An.  18.  Car.  I« 
can,  with  all  convenient  Speed,  to  the  Lord  Fair-       l642« 

**L  «  That  the  Lord  Fairfax  (hall  be  defired  to  go  March'  ' 
in  Perfon,  if  he  can,  with  the  beft  Strength  he  hath, 
to  the  Aid  of  Captain  Hotham,  in  the  Eaft-Riding  of 
the  County  of  York  ;  if  not,  to  fend  1000  Foot  at 
leaft,  or  more,  if  he  can  fpare  them,  to  oppofe  the 
Army  under  the  Command  of  the  Earl  ofNewca/ilet 
and  that  the  Committee  for  the  Safety  of  the  King- 
dom do  prepare  thefe  Letters.' 

The  Lords  agreed  to  both  thefe  Votes  alfo. 

March  10.  The  Lords  were  informed  of  a  Re- The  Queen,  oa 
port  that  fome  Ships,  fet  out  by  the  Parliament,  hadher  Return  to 
(hot  at  the  Houfe  where  the  Queen  lodged,  after  fae^'^™*™* 
had  landed  at  Bridllngton,  in  Yorkjhire^  and  had  kil-the  Parliament'! 
led  a  Man  very  near  her  Majefty.  Ships  fire  upon 

Lord  Clarendon  gives  us  the  following  Particulars11" 
of  this  Affair  :  '  About  the  Middle  of  February  the 
Queen  took  Shipping  from  Holland,  in  a  Dutchh/lan 
of  War,  affigned  by  the  Prince  of  Orange,  with 
others  for  her  Convoy,  and  arrived  fafely  in  Brid- 
HngtonBay,  upon  the  Coaft  ofYorkJhirei  where  fhe 
had  the  Patience  to  flay  on  Shipboard,  at  Anchor, 
the  Space  of  two  Days,  till  the  Earl  of  Newcajlle 
had  Notice  to  draw  fuch  Part  of  his  Forces  that 
Way,  as  might  fecure  her  Landing,  and  wait  on, 
her  to  York ;  which  he  no  fooner  did,  (and  he  did 
it  with  all  imaginable  Expedition)  but  her  Majefty 
came  on  Shore  ;  and,  for  the  prefent,  was  pleafed  to 
refrefh  herfelf  in  a  convenient  Houfe  upon  the  very 
Key,  where  all  Accommodations  were  made  for  her 
Reception  ;  there  being  many  Things  of  Moment 
to  be  unfhipped  before  flie  could  reafonably  enter 
upon  her  Journey  towards  York. 

*  The  fecond  Day  after  the  Queen's  Landing, 
Batten,  Vice-Admiral  to  the  Earl  of  Warwick,  (who 
had  waited  to  intercept  her  Paflage)  with  four  of  the 
King's  Ships,  arrived  in  Bridlington  Road  ;  and, 
finding  that  her  Majefty  was  landed,  and  that  £he 

lodged 


i  g  2       'The  Parliamentary  Hi  STORY 

An.  18.  Car.  L  lodged  upon  the  Key,  bringing  his  Ships  to  the* 
j64z.  neareft  Diftance,  being  very  early  in  the  Morning, 
difcharged  above  100  Cannon,  (whereof  many  were 
laden  with  Crofs-bar  Shot,  for  the  Space  of  two 
Hours  upon  the  Houfe  where  her  Majefty  was 
Jodged  ;  whereupon  fhe  was  forced  out  of  her  Bed, 
fome  of  the  Shot  making  Way  through  her  own 
Chamber,  and  to  fhelter  herfeH  under  a  Bank  in  the 
open  Fields  ;  which  barbarous  and  treafonable  Aft, 
fays  his  Lordfhip,  was  fo  much  the  more  odious,  in 
that  the  Parliament  never  fo  far  took  Notice  of  it  as 
to  difavow  it.' 

This  laft  Circumftance  is  confirmed  by  the  Lords 
Journals,  in  which  we  find, That  though  that  Houfe, 
upon  Information  of  the  above  Report,  ordered,  That 
the  Earl  ^Warwick  be  defired  to  examine  the  Truth 
of  this  Bufinefs,  and  certify  it  to  their  Houfe,  when 
their  Lordftiips  would  take  it  into  further  Confidera- 
tion ;  yet  nothing  more  was  done  upon  it :  But  we 
are  told  in  the  Commons  Journals,  That  it  being  fuf- 
pefted  the  Ships  which  brought  over  the  Queen,  then 
lying  before  Bridlington,  had  fome  Deiign  upon 
Hull,  a  Letter  was  oideretl  to  be  fent  to  the  Earl 
of  Warwick  to  fend  fome  Ships  from  his  Squadron, 
which  might  prevent  any  Mifchief  from  that  Quar- 
ter.   Her  Majefty  fhortly  after  removed  to 

ajefty  ar-  fork,  where  fhe  had  been  many  Weeks  expected, 

>ives  at  York.  as  appeaj-s  by  fome  Paflages  in  the  laft  Letter  from 
the  Lord  Fairfax  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of 
Commons. 

Both  Houfes  were  employed  feveral  Days  in  fra- 
ming, a-new,  their  Articles  of  Cefiation,  on  the 
Military  Plan  laid  down  by  the  Earl  of  EJJex  and  his 
chief  Officers,  and  many  Alterations  and  Emenda- 
tions were  made  in  them. 

March  14.    The   Commons,  at  a  Conference 
this  Day,  acquainted  the  Lords  with  divers  Letters 
they  had  received  from  Briftol,  concerning  a  bloody 
Maflacre,  as  it  is  termed,  intended  to  have  been  exe- 
cuted 


Of   ENGLAND.        193 

ecuted  in  that  City.     The  Letters  were  read,  but  An.  18.  Car.  I. 
are  not  entered ;  upon  Confideration  thereof,  the 
Commons  made  the  following  Votes :  March. 

1.  *  That  a  Declaration  might  pafs  from  both 
Houfes,  to  fet  forth  this  Confpiracy  to  the  whole 
Kingdom. 

2.  '  That  an  Ordinance  might  pafs  for  the  fei- 
zing  the  Eftates  of  all  the  Confpirators  to  be  employ- 
ed for  the  Maintenance  of  the  War ;  and  that  they 
may  be  proceeded  againft,  by  Direction  of  the  Lord- 
General,  according  to  the  Law  of  Arms. 

3.  *  The  next  Lord's  Day  to  be  appointed  for 
giving  public  Thanks  in  the  City,  and  another  Day 
throughout  the  whole  Kingdom.' 

The  Lords  agreed  to  thefe  Votes,  and  a  Com- 
mittee of  both  Houfes  was  appointed  to  draw  up  a 
Declaration  of  the  FacT:,  to  be  printed  and  publifli- 
ed.  A  Letter  of  Thanks  was  alfo  ordered  to  be  fent 
down  to  Brjftol,  to  the  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Sol- 
diery there,  for  their  careful  Service  in  this  Buli- 
nefs. 

It  was  not  untill  this  Day,  (March  17)  after  ma- 
ny Meflages  and  Conferences  between  the  Houfes, 
and  fome  Stiffnefs  {hewn  on  both  Sides,  that  the 
Articles  for  a  Ceflation  were  wholly  finifhed  and 
thoroughly  agreed  to  by  them.  They  were  then 
ordered  to  be  fent  to  the  King  by  their  Commiffion- 
ers,  with  full  InftrucYions  how  to  act  in  this  Treaty. 
Thefe  two  Inftruments  are  of  too  much  Significan- 
cy  in  thefe  Enquiries  to  be  omitted.  And,  firft, 
we  (hall  give  the  Articles  for  a  Ceflation  : 

r  I  ^  H  E  Lords  and  Commons  in  Parliament,  TheParliament's 

being  ftill  carried  on  with  a  vehement  De-  * "!cl.es  for  a 
fire  of  Peace,  that  fo  the  Kingdom  may  fpeedily  SJ?Ad3«"Jf 
be  freed  from   the  Defolation    and    Deftru&ion  the  Earl  of  .E^x. 
wherewith  it  is  like  to  be  overwhelmed   if  the 
War  mould  continue,  have,  with  as  much  Ex- 
pedition as  they  could,  confider'.d  of  the  Articles  of 
Ceflation,  with  thofe  Alterations   and  Additions 
VOL.  XII.  N  <  offered 


194    The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.  *  offered  by  his  Majefty,  unto  which  they  are  read/ 
i64z.        <  to  agree  in  fuch  Manner  as  is  exprefled  in  theie 
*— — v— — '    '  enfuing  Articles,  viz. 

March.  j    »  'pnat  ajj  ]vjanner  of  Arms,  Ammunition, 

'  Victual,  Money,  Bullion,  and  all  other  Commo- 

*  dities,  pafling  without  a  Safe-Conduct  from  the 
'  Generals  of  both  Armies,  as  well  of  his  Maje- 
'  fty's  as  of  the  Armies  raifed  by  the  Parliament, 

*  may  be  flayed  and  feized  on,  as  if  no  fuch  Cefla- 
'  tion  were  agreed  on  at  all. 

II.  '  That  all  Manner  of  Perfons,  pafling  with- 

*  out  fuch  a  Safe-Conduct  as  is  mentioned  in  the 

*  Article  next  going  before,  (hall  be  apprehended 

*  and  detained,  as  if  no  fuch  Ceflation  were  agreed 
«  on  at  all. 

III.  «  That  his  Majefty's  Forces  in  Oxfordjhire 
'  fhall  advance  no  nearer  to  IVindfor  than  I'/heatley  ; 
«  and,  in  Buckingbamjhire,  no  nearer  to  Aylejbury 
'  than  Brill ;  and  that,  in  Berkjbire,  the  Forces  re- 
'  fpectively  fhall  not  advance  nearer  the  one  to  the 

*  other  than  they  (hall  be  at  the  Day  to  be  agreed 
'  on  for  the  Ceflation  to  begin  :  And  that  the  Forces 
«  of  the  other  Army,  raifed  by  the  Parliament,  fhall 

*  advance  no  nearer  to  Oxford  than  Henley,  and 
4  thofe  in  Buckingham/hire  no  nearer  to  Oxford  than 
'  Aylejbury ;  and  that  the  Forces  of  neither  Army 

*  (hall  advance  their  Quarters  nearer  to  each  other 

*  than  they  fhall  be  upon  the  Day  agreed  on  for  the 
'  Ceflation  to  begin. 

IV.  *  That  the  Forces  of  either  Army  in  Glou- 
«  cefterjhire,  Wilts,  and   Wales,  as  likewife  in  the 
«  Cities  of  Glo-uce/ler  and  Br'iftol,  and  the  Caftle  and 

*  Town  of  Berkley,  fhall  be  guided  by  the  Rule 
«  exprefled  in  the  latter  Part  of  the  preceding  Ar- 
«  tide. 

V.  '  That  in  Cafe  it  be  pretended  on  either  Side, 
'  that  the  CefTation  is  violated,  no  Act  of  Hoftility 

*  is  immediately  to  follow  ;    but,    firft,  the  Party 
'  complaining  is  to  acquaint  the  Lord-General  ou 
'  the  other  Side,  and  to  allow  three  Days  after  No- 

*  tice  given  for  Satisfaction  -t  and  in  Cafe  Satisfac- 

'  tion 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

*  tion  be  not  given  or  accepted,  then  five  Days  No- Am  18.  Car.  I. 

*  tice  to  be  given  before  Hoftilities  begin  ;  and  the         «642- 

4  like  to  be  obferved  in  the  remoter  Armies  by  the  ^—-—V— -J 
4  Commanders  in  Chief.  *arch* 

VI.  '  That  all  other  Forces  in  the  Kingdom  of 
4  England  and  Dominion  of  IFales,  not  before  men- 
4  tioned,  fhall  remain  in  the  fame  Quarters  and 
4  Places  as  they  are  at  the  Time  of  the  publishing 

*  of  this  CefTation,  and  under  the  fame  Conditions 
'  as  are  mentioned  in  the  Articles  before  :  And  that 
4  thisCefiation  fhall  not  extend  to  reftrain  the  fetting 
4  forth,  or  employing  of,  any  Ships  for  the  Defence 
4  of  his  Majefty's  Dominions. 

Vlf.  '  That  as  foon  as  his  Majeftv  (ball  be  plea- 

*  fed  to  difband  the  Armies,   which  both  Houfes 
4  earneftly  defire  may  be  fpeedily  effected,  and  to 

*  difarm  the  Papifts  according  to  Law ;  the  Sub- 

*  jecSts  may  then  enjoy  the  Benefit  of  Peace  in  the 

*  Liberty  of  their  Perfons,  Goods,  and  Freedom 

*  of  Trade;  in  the  mean  Time,  the  Generals  and 

*  Commanders    of  the  Armies  of  both  Sides  fhall 
4  be  enjoined  to  keep  the  Soldiers  from  plundering  ; 

*  which  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament  have    ever 

*  difliked  and  forbidden. 

4  And  for  the  fpeedy  fettling  of  this  fo  much  de- 
c  fired  Peace,  they  have  thought  good  to  fend  their 

*  Committees  with  Inftru&ions,  That,  if  his  Ma- 
4  jefty  be  pleafed  to  confent  to  a  Cefiation,  fo  limit- 
4  ed  and  qualified,  they  may  forthwith  proceed  to 
4  treat  upon  the  Propofitions;  and  becaufe  the  Time 
4  is  fo  far  elapfed  in  thefe  Preparations,  they  defire 

*  the  Ceflation  may  begin  the  25th  of  this  inftant 
4  March,  or  fooner  if  it  may  be  ;  and,  in  the  mean 
4  Time,  Notice  to  be  given  to  all  the  Forces  in  the 
4  feveral  and  remote  Parts  ;  and  the  Commanders, 
4  Officers,  and  Soldiers  are  enjoined  to  obierve  this 
4  Cefiation  accordingly ;  to  which  they  hope  and 
4  pray  that  God  will   give   fuch  a  Blefling,    that 

*  thereupon  Peace,  Safety,  and  Happinefs  may  be 

*  produced  and  confirmed  to  his  Maiefty  and  all  his 
4  People.' 

N  2  IN- 


196      7$£  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I. INSTRUCTIONS,  agreed  on  by  the  LORDS  and  CoM" 

V_         \^j       MONS>    *n  Parliament^  fsr  Algernoon  Earl  cf 

March.  Northumberland,    William  Lord   Vifcount  Say 

and  Sele,  William  Pierpoint,  Efq->  Sir  William 

Armyn,    Bart.    Sir    John  Holland,    Bart,  and 

Bulftrode  Whitlocke,  Efq\  Committees  appointed 

to  attend  his  Majejty  upon  the  Proportions  made  by 

his  Majefty  to  the  Parliament,  and  likewife  upon 

the  other  Proportions  humbly  prefented  from  them 

to  his  Majejly. 

Their  Inftmc-  I.  '  T7" O U  fhall  prefent  to  his  Majefty  the  Ar- 
tionstotheCom-     <  tides  agreed  on  for  the  Ceflation  of  Arms, 

S^ftSS'  humbl7  defiring  his  Majefty  to  ratify  and  confirm 
'•  the  fame  under  the  Great  Seal ;  which  being  ob- 
'  tained,  you  are  to  fend  it  up  to  the  Parliament 
'  with  all  poflible  Speed  ;  and  fhall  likewife  befeech 
'  the  King  to  difpatch  away  MefTengers  to  the  Gene- 
'  rals,  Commanders,  and  Soldiers  of  all  his  Armies 
'  and  Forces,  with  a  ftricl  Command  and  Injunc- 
'  tion,  that  they  obferve  thofe  Articles  of  Ceflation, 
'  according  as  they  are  agreed  upon  ;  as  the  two 
'  Houfes  likewife  intend  to  give  the  like  Direction 
'  to  the  Lord-General  of  the  Armies  raifed  for 

*  their  Defence. 

II.  *  After  his  Majefty  hath  declared  and  ratified 

*  the  Ceflation,  you  (hall  then  proceed  to  the  Treaty, 
«  beginning  with  the  firft  Propofition  on  his  Maje- 
4  fty's  Behalf,  concerning  his  Majefty's  own  Reve- 
'  nue,  his  Magazines,  Towns,  Forts,  and  Ships, 
'  and  thereunto  make  this  Anfwer : 

«  You  {hall  declare,  That  the  two  Houfes  of  Par- 
'  liament  have  not  made  Ufe  of  his  Majefty's  own 
'  Revenue,  but  in  a  very  fmall  Proportion  ;  which, 
'  for  a  good  Part,  hath  been  employed  in  the  Main- 
'  tenance  of  his  Majefty's  Children,  according  to 
'the  Allowance  eftablifhed  byhimielf;  and  they 
'  will  fatisfy  what  fhall  remain  due  to  his  Majefty 
c  of  thofe  Sums  received  out  of  his  Majefty's  own 

*  Revenues,  and  (hall  leave  the'  fame  to  his  Ma- 
'  jefty  for  the  Time  to  come.     And   you  like- 

*  wife 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       197 

c  wife  fhall  propound  to  his  Majefty,  That  he  will  An. 
e  reftore  what  hath  been  taken  for  his  Ufe,  upon 
4  any  of  the  Bills  afligned  to  other  Purpofes  by  feve- 
4  ral  Acts  of  Parliament,  or  out  of  the  Provifion 
4  made  for  the  War  of  Ireland : 

4  That  they  will  remove  the  Garrifons  out  of  all 
c  Towns  and  Forts  in  their  Hands,  wherein  there 
4  were  no  Garrifons  before  thefe  Troubles,  and 
4  flight  all  P'ortifications  made  fince  that  Time  ; 
'  which  Towns  and  Forts,  it  is  to  be  agreed  on  both 
4  Parts,  fhall  continue  in  the  fame  Condition  they 
4  were  in  before ;  and  that  thofe  Garrifons  fhall  not 
4  be  renewed,  nor  the  Fortifications  repaired,  with- 
4  out  Confent  of  his  Majefty,  and  both  Houfes  of 
4  Parliament  : 

4  That  for  thofe  Towns  and  Forts  which  are 
'within  the  Jurifdidtion  of  the  Cinque-Ports,  they 
4  fhall  be  delivered  up  into  the  Hands  of  fuch  a  Noble 
4  Perfon-as  his  Majefty  fhall  appoint  to  be  Warden 

*  of  the  Cinque-Ports,  being  fuch  a  one  as  they  fhall 
4  confide  in  : 

4  That  the  Town  of  Portfmouth  fhall  be  reduced 
4  to  the  Number  of  the  Garrifon,  as  was  at  the 
4  Time  when  the  Lords  and  Commons  undertook 
4  the  Cuftody  thereof :  And  fuch  other  Forts, 
4  Caftles,  and  Towns  as  were  formerly  kept  by 
6  Garrifons,  as  have  been  taken  by  them  into  their 
4  Care  and  Cuftody  fince  the  Beginning  of  thefe 
4  Troubles,  fhall  be  reduced  to  fuch  Proportion  of 

*  Garrifon  as  they  had   in   the  Year    1636,    and 
4  fhall  be  fo  continued :  And  that  all  the  faid  Towns, 
4  Forts,  and  Caftles  fhall  be  delivered  up  into  the 
4  Hands  of  fuch  Perfons  of  Quality  and  Truft,  to 
4  be  likewifc  nominated  by  his  Majefty,  as  the  two 
4  Houfes  fhall  confide  in  : 

*  That  the  Warden  of  the  Cinque-Ports,  and  all 
4  Governors  and  Commanders  of  Towns,  Caftles, 
4  and  Forts,  fhall  keep  the  fame  Towns,  Caftles, 

*  and  Forts  refpeclively,  for  the  Service  of  his  Ma- 
4  jefty  and  the  Safety  of  the  Kingdom  ;  and  that 

*  they  fhall  not  admit  into  any  of  them  any  foreign 
x  Forces  raifed  without  hisMajefty's  Authority  and 

N  3     '  *'Con- 


198       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  i.«  Confent  of  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament;  and  they 

j64~-        c  {ha]i  ufe  their  uttermoft  Endeavours  to.  fupprefs 

March        '  a"  Forces  whatfoever,  raifed  without  fuch  Au- 

'  thority    and    Confent;  and   they   fhall    feize    all 

*  Arms    and  Ammunition  provided  for   any  fuch 
«  Forces : 

*  That   the  Ships  fhall    be  delivered    into  the 
«  Charge  of  fuch  a  Noble  Perfon  as  his  Majefty  fhall 

*  nominate  to  be  Lord  High-Admiral  of  England^ 

*  and   the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament  confide  in  j 

*  who  fhall  receive  the  fame  Office  by  Letters  Pa- 

*  tent   quamdiu    bene  fe  gefferit ;  and   fhall    have 
'  Power  to  nominate  and  appoint  all  fubordinate 
f  Commanders  and  Officers,  and    have  all  other 

*  Powers  appertianing  to  the  OfHce  of  High-  Admi- 

*  ral;  which  Ships  he  fhall  employ  for  the   De- 
^  fence  of  the  Kingdom  againft  all  foreign  Forces 

*  whatfoever,  and  for  the  Safeguard  of  Merchants, 
'  fecuring  of  Trade,  the  guarding  of  Ireland^  and 
«  the  intercepting  of  all  Supplies  to  be  carried  to 

*  the  Rebels  ;  and  fhall  ufe  his  uttermoft  Endea- 

*  vour  to  fupprefs  all  Forces  which  fhall  be  raifed 

*  by  any  Perfon  without  his  M.yefty's  Authority, 
'  and  Confent  of  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  Par- 

*  liamcnt ;  and   fhall  feizc  all  Anns  and  Ammu- 

*  nition  provided  for  Supply  of  any  fuch  Forces  : 
'  That  all  the  Arms  and  Ammunition,  taken  out 

*  of  his  Majefty's  Magazines,  which  fhall  remain 
«  in  their  Hands,  fhall  be  delivered  into  his  Stores; 

*  and  whatfoever  fhail   be  wanting,  they  will,  in, 
«  convenient  Time,  fupply  in  Kind,  according  to 

*  the  Proportions   which   they  have  received  ;  and 

*  that  the  Perfons,  to  whofe  Charge  thofe  public 

*  Magazines  fhall  be  committed,  being  nominated 

*  by   his  Majelrv,  &a!J  be  fuch   as  the  Lords  and 
'  Commons  fhall  confide  in.     And  you  fhall  pro- 
'  pound   to   his  Majefty,  That  he  will  reftore  all 
6  fuch  Arms  and  Ammunition  as  have  been  taken 

*  for  his  Ufe,   from  the  leveral  Counties,  Cities, 

*  and  Towns. 

111.    '  To  the   Propcfition    made   by  the  two 
'  Houles,  concerning  the  Difbanding  of  the  Ar- 


Of    E  ISPfe  LAND.       199 

4  mles,    you    (hall    humbly    define    his    Majefty'sAn.  18.  Car 

*  fpeedy  and   pofitive  Anfwer ;  unto   which   if  he 
'  (hall  be  pleafed  to  give  hii  Affent,  you  (hall  then 
'  beleech  his  Majefty,  in  the  Name  of  both  Houfes, 
'  that  a  near  Day  may  be  agreed  upon  for  the  Dif- 

*  banding  all  the   Forces  in   the  remote  Parts  of 
'  TCorkJktret  and  the  other  Northern  Counties  ;  as 
'  alfo  in   Lancajhire^    Chejbire^  and  in  the   Domi- 
'  nion  of  fi^ales^  and  in  Cornwall   and  Devon/hire  ; 
'  and    they   being   fully   difbanded,    another   Day 

*  may   be   agreed    on    for    the   difbanding   of    all 

*  Forces    in    Lincolnjhire^    Nottinghamjhire^     Lei- 

*  ceftcrflnre,  and  all  other  Places,  except  at  Oxford 
'  and  the  Quarters  thereunto  belonging,  and  Wind- 
f  fer  and   the  Quarters   thereunto  belonging;  and 
'  that,  laft  of  all,  a  fpeedy  Day  be  appointed  for 
'  the  Difbanding  thofe  two  Armies  at  Oxford  and 

*  Windfory  and  all  the  Forces  Members  of  either  of 
'  them  : 

'  That  fome  Officers  of  both  Armies  may  fpee- 

*  dily  meet  to  agree  of  the  Manner  of  the  Difband- 
'  ing;  and   that  fit  Perfons   may  be   appointed  by 
'  his  Majefty  and   the  Parliament,  who  may  re- 
'  pair  to  the  feveral  Armies,  and  fee  the  Difband- 
'  ing  put  in  fpeedy  Execution  accordingly  : 

*  That  his  Majefty  do  likewife  remove  the  Gar- 
4  rifons  out  of  Newca/Ue,  and  all  other  Towns, 
'  Caftles,  and  Forts,  where  any  Garrifons  have 

*  been   placed  by  him  fince  thefe  Troubles  ;  and 

*  that  the  Fortifications  be  likewife  flighted,  and 
4  the  Towns  and  Forts  left  in  fuch  State  and  Con- 

*  dition  as  they  were  in  the  Year  1636  :  And 

4  That    all    other    Towns,  Forts,  and  Caftles, 

*  where  there  have  been  formerly  Garrifons  before 

*  thefe  Troubles,  be  committed  to  the  Charge  of 
'  fuch  Perfons,  to  be  nominated   by  his  Majefty, 

*  as  the    Parliament   fhall   confide   in,  and   under 

*  fuch  Inftructions  as  are  formerly  mentioned. 

IV.   <  That  if  his  Majefty  (hall  be  pleafed  to  af- 

*  fent  to*  thefe  Propofitions,  concerning  the  Towns, 

*  Forts,  Caftles,  Magazines,  and  Ships,  that  then 

1  his 


2oo       *Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.*  his   Majefty  be  humbly  intreated  to   name  Per- 

1641.       <  fons  Of  Quality  to  receive  the  Charge  of  the  fe- 

March  ~'  '  veral  Offices  and  Forts,  Caftles  and  Towns,  to 

*  be  forthwith  certified  to  the  two  Houfes  of  Par- 
4  liament,  that  thereupon  they  may  exprefs  their 
'  Confidence  in  thofe  Perfons,  or  humbly  befeech 
'  his  Majefty  to  name  others  ;  none  of  which  Per- 

*  fons  (hall  be  removed  during  three  Years  next 

*  enfuing,  without  juft  Caufe,  to  be  approved  by 

*  Parliament  \  and  if  any  be  fo  removed,  or  (hall 
'  die  within  the  faid  Space,  the  Perfon  to  be  put 

*  into  the  fame  Office  ihall  be  fuch  as  both  Houfes 

*  fhall  confide  in  : 

'  That  all  Generals  and  Commanders  in  any  of 
'  the  Armies,  on  either  Side,  as  likewife  the  Lord- 
'  Admiral  of  England,  the  Lord-Warden  of  the 
'  Ciaque-PyrtSj  al'  Commanders  of  any  Ships,  and 
'  Commanders  of  any  Town,  Caftle,  or  Fort, 

*  fhall  take  an  Oath  to  obferve  thefe  Articles  afore- 
'  mentioned  ;  and  to  ufe  their  uttermoft  Power  to 

*  preferve  the  true  Reformed  Proteftant  Religion, 

*  and  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  againll  all  fo- 

*  reign  Force,  and  all  other  Forces  raifed  without 

*  his  Majefty's  Authority  and  Confent  of  the  two 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament. 

V.  «  You  ihall  move  his  Majefty,  That,  for  the 
<  better  Difpatch  of  the  Treaty,  and  the  free  Inter- 

*  courfe  of  Inftru&ions  and  Advertifements  betwixt 

*  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament  and  the  Commit- 

*  tee,  that  there  may  be  a  free  Pafs  of  Meficngers 

*  to  and  from  the  Parliament  and  the  Committees, 
c  without  Search  or  Interruption  ;  and  his  Majefty's 
«  Safe-Conduct  to  be  obtained  to  that  Effect,  to 

*  fuch  Perfons  as   are,  or  ihall  be,  appointed  for 

*  that  Service,  viz.  Mr.  John  RujJyLvortb,  Mr.  Mi" 

*  cbael  Welden,  Mr.   John   Corbet   of  Gray's  Inn, 
4  and  Mr.  James  Standijh' 

Nothing  elfe  intervening  worth  our  Notice,  we 
{hall  go  on  with  an  Account  of  the  Intelligence 
fent  from  the  Cormifiioners,  now  at  Oxford,  to 

Parlia- 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       201 

Parliament.     And,  this  Day,  March  23,  the  LordsAn.  18.  Car.  I. 
read  a  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Northumberland  in       l64*« 
thefe  Words :  *~Z?T* 

March. 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of  Manche/ler9 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  pro  Tempore. 

My  Lord, 

/IS  foon  as  we  came  hither,  between  four  ^Letters  from  that 
"^  five  o'Clock  in  the  Afternoon,  we  fent  to  know  his  omn 
Majejly's  Pleafure  when  we  Jhould  wait  on  him,  who 
commanded  us  presently  to  attend  him,  which  we 
did  in  the  Garden  at  Chrift-Church  ;  where  I  read 
ike  Articles  for  the  Cejfation,  and  we  humbly  prefented 
them  to  the  King,  who  read  the  Title  of  them  him- 
felf,  and  faidy  There  was  a  Difference  in  them 
from  the  Articles  which  he  fent  to  both  Houfes ; 
and  told  us,  before  he  fliould  be  many  Hours  older, 
he  would  give  his  Anfwer  to  them  ;  whereof  1  Jhall 
fend  your  Lordjhips  a  fpeedy  and  faithful  Account  t  as 
foon  as  we  Jhall  receive  it. 

Your  Lordfhip's 

Oxford,  March  19, 

'64*.  Moft  humble  Servant, 

A.  NORTHUMBERLAND. 

Befides  the  foregoing,  there  was  another  Letter 
from  this  Earl,  of  a  later  Date,  read  the  fame  Day, 
directed  as  before,  and  was  to  this  Effect: 

My  Lord, 

CT'HIS  Afternoon  my  Lord  Falkland  and  Mr.  St- 
-*  cretary  Nicholas  came  to  us,  with  a  MeJJage 
from  his  Majefty,  to  know  Whether,  in  cafe  he 
would  not  agree  to  the  Articles  of  CefTation,  in 
Terminis,  that  we  had  any  Commiflion  to  proceed 
in  the  Treaty  upon  the  Proportions  ?  /  anjwered^ 
We  had  not. 

The  Council  have  met  often,  and  fat  long,  fmce 
the  Delivery  of  the  Articles  of  Ce/ation.  Air. 

May 


202     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  L  May /Off*  ta>  u<  from  his  Majefly^  and  faid  be  war 
*^'  ftnt  with  a  MeJJage  to  both  Houfes  of  Parliament ; 
. •  «7*T  tkt  Contents  he  was  commanded  to  let  us  kn;w^ 
which  were*  That  his  Majefty  defired  free  Trade 
with  the  Limitations  he  formerly  fent  •,  and  that 
there  might  be  a  Cefiation  by  Sea  as  well  as  by 
Land.  That,  becaufe  there  might  be  a  Mif- 
underftanding  of  Expreflions.  we  might  have  Power 
to  treat  on  the  Articles  of  CefTation  j  if  not,  That 
the  Treaty,  upon  the  Proportions,  might  go  on 
without  a  CeiTation  ;  and  that  all  Prifoners  taken 
in  War,  except  Officers,  might  be  fet  at  Liberty. 
This  is  the  Information  he  gave  us  ;  for  the  pre/ent  I 
have  no  further  Account  to  give  to  your  Lord/trip^  but 
that  I  am 

Your  Lordfhip's 

Qxford,  March  iz, 

164*.  Humble  Servant, 

A.  NORTHUMBERLAND. 

Thefe  Letters  being  produced  at  a  Conference, 
they  were  found  to  correfpond,  verbatim,  with 
others  the  Commons  had  received  from  their  Com- 
inifiioners  at  Oxford.  At  this  Conference,  alfo,  a 
Letter  was  read,  directed  to  the  Speaker  of  the 
Houfe  of  Lords,  from  the  Lord  Falkland^  in  which 
was  inclofed  a  Mefiage  from  the  King,  to  both 
Houfes,  concerning  the  Ceflation,  dated  at  Oxford, 
March  22,  in  thefe  Words . 


CHARLES     R. 

The  King's  Ex- «  TTT I  S   Majefty  hath  immediately,  upon  their 
cept :;ons  to  the  ,    I     I    Arrival,  admitted  the  Committee   fent   to 

Parliament's  1  ft  £  J»- -»-r  V     rr      r          r    n     i  /          u 

Articles  of  Ccf-    mm   'rom    o°tn   Houfes   of  Parliament,   (as  the 
(ation.  *  MelTengers  of  Peace)  to  his  Royal  Preftnce,  and 

'  receiv'd  the  Articles  of  Ceflation  brought  by  them  ; 
'  which  are,  in  Effect,  the  fame  his  Mjjeiry  former- 
'  ly  exceptcd  to,  though  their  Expreffion  in  the 
'  Preface  to  thefe  Articles,  of  their  Readinefs  to 
'  agree  to  thofc  Alterations  and  Additions  offered 

4  bv 


*  Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      203 

*  by  his  Majefty,  in  fuch  Manner  as  is  exprcfled,  An.  iS.Car.  I. 

*  made  him  expeft  to  have  found,  at  leaft,  fome  of 

*  the  real  Alterations  and  Additions  made  by  him 

*  admitted  ;  which  he  doth  not  difcover. 

I.  «  His   Majefty  defired,  That  Provifion  might 

*  be  made,  and  Licence  given  to  his  good  Subjects, 
'for  their  Freedom  of  Trade^  Trafficky  and  Com-' 
f  mercet  (tho',  in  Matters  which  concerned  him- 

*  felf  more  immediately,  as  in  Arms,  Ammunition, 

<  Money,  Bullion,  and   Victuals   for   the  Ufe   of 

*  his  Army,  and   the  Paflage  of  all  Officers  and 
«  Soldiers  of  his  Army,  he  is  contented  the  Re- 

*  ftraint  mould  be  in  fuch  Manner  as  was  propofed) 

*  of  which  his  Majefty  is  fo  tender,  that  as  he  hath 

*  provided  for  the  fame  by  his  gracious  Proclama- 
«  tions,  fo  he  doth  daily  releafe  and  difcharge  fuch 
4  Merchandize  and  Commodities  as  are,  contrary 

*  to  thofe  Proclamations,  flayed  by  any  of  his  Ma- 
'  jefty's  Forces. 

6  To  this  Freedom  and  Liberty  of  his  good  Sub- 

*  je£ts,  there  is  not  the  leaft  Admiffion  given  by 
'  thefe  Articles ;  fo  that  they  have  not  any  Eafe  or 

*  Benefit   by   this   Cefiation  ;  which    his    Majefty 

*  defires  both  Houfes  to  confider  of;  and  whether, 

*  if  his  Majefty  mould  take  the  fame  Courfe  to  flop 

*  and  interrupt  the  Trade  of  the  Kingdom,  as  the 
'  other  Army  doth,  a  general  Lofs  and  Calamity 
4  would  not  feize  upon  his  good  Subjects? 

II.  '  His  Majefty,  to  the  End  that  a  full,  Cefla- 
'  tion  might  be  as  well  at  Sea  as  at  Land,  and  he 

<  might  be  fecured  that  the  Ships,  propofed  to  be 

*  fet  forth  for  the  Defence  of  his  Majefty's   Do- 

*  minions,    mail  be  employed   only   to   that  End 

*  and  Purpofe,  defired,  That  they  might  be  put  un- 
f  der  the  Command  of  Perform  to  be  approved  of  by 

*  his  Majefty  \  which  is  not  confented  to  by  thefe 

*  Articles  ;  but  their  former,  to  which  his  Majefty 

*  excepted,  ftri&ly   and    entirely  infifted    on  ;    by 
'  which   (befides  that  Part  of  Hoftility   remains) 
'  the  Conveying  of  any  Number  of  Forces  from  one 

*  Part  to  any  other,  by  that  Means,  remains  free 

*  to  them. 


The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

c  por  tne  Prevention  of  any  Inconveniences 
which  might  arife  upon  real  Differences,  or  Mi- 
March/  '  ftakes  upon  Latitude  of  Expreffion  ;  (as  if  his  Ma- 
'  jefty  fhould  now  confent  to  thefe  Articles  propo- 
'  fed,  in  the  Terms  propofed,  he  muft  confefs 
'  the  Army,  of  which  he  complains,  to  be  raifed  by 
'  the  Parliament ;  and  either  himfelf  to  be  no  Part 

*  of  the  Parliament,  or  himfelf  to  have  raifed  that 
'  Army)   and  for  Prevention  of  that  Delay  which 
c  he  forefaw  could   not  otherwife  be  avoided,  if, 
'  upon  every  Difference,  the  Queftion  muft  be  re- 
'  mitted  to  London,  his  Majefty  defired,  That  the 
c  Committee^  for  whom  he  then  lent  a  Safe-Conduit, 
'  might  have  Liberty  to  debate  any  fuch  Difference 

*  and  ExpreJJions^  and  reconcile  the  fame ,  that  all  pof- 
'  fible  Expedition  might  be  tifed  to  the  main  Treaty. 

'  In   this  Point  of  fo   high    Concernment,    no 

*  Power  is  given  in  thefe  Articles;  and  the  Com- 
'  mittee   confeffed   to  his    Majefty  they   have  no 
'  Power  given,  but  are  ftri&ly  and  precifcly  bound 
'  to  the  very  Words  of  the  Articles  now  fent;  and 

*  that  before  thefe  are  confented  to  by  us,  they 
'  cannot  enter  into  any  Treaty  concerning  the  other 
'  Proportions. 

«  IV.  «  His  Majefty  defired,  That,  during  the 
€  CeJJation)  none  of  his  good  Subjects  might  be  im- 
'  prifoned,  otherwife  than  according  to  the  known  Laws 

*  of  the  Land. 

*  This  is  in  no  Degree  confented  to  ;  but  the 
'  Privilege  and  Liberty,  to  which  they  were  born, 

*  referved  from  them  till   the  difbanding  of  both 
'  Armies,  though  they  are  no  Part  of  either  Army  j 
'  and  fo  have  no  Benefit  by  this  Cefiation. 

V.  *  His  Majefty  defired,  That,  during  this  Cef- 
'  fation,  there  Jhiuld  be  no  Plundering  or  Violence 
'  offered  to  any  of  his  Subjects. 

'  In    the  Ar.fwer  to  which,  his  Defire  againft 

*  Violence  is  not  at  all  taken  Notice  of,  nor  is  his 
4  Defire  againft  Plundering  anywife   fatisfied  ;  his 
'  Majefty,  not  only  intending  by  it  the  robbing  of 
'  the    Subject  by*  the  Unrulinefs    of  the  uncom- 

*  manded  Soldier  (which  their  Claufe  of  requiring 

*  the 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       205 

*  the   Generals  and  Officers   to  keep    them  from  it  An.  18.  Car.  I. 

*  feems  to  imply  ;  and  the  Aflertion,  That  the  two         l64^» 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament  had  ever  dijliked  and  for-  L  »7*T  ^ 
'  bidden    zV,     declares    plainly    to    be    their   only 

'  Meaning ;)  but  particularly  the  Violence  and  Plun- 
1  derings  ufed  to  his  Subjects,  by  forcibly  taking 
'  away  their  Goods  for  not  fubmitting  to  Impofi- 
'  tions  and  Taxes  required  from  them  by  Orders  or 
'  Ordinances  of  one  or  both  Houfes  of  Parliament, 
«  which  are  contrary  to  the  known  Laws  of  the 

*  Land. 

VI.  '  Befides,  that  there  is  no  Confent  given  to 

*  thofe  Alterations  and  Additions   offered    by  his 
'  A4ajefty,  whatfoever  is  pretended  ;  for  where  an 
4  abfolute  Confent  may  be  fuppofed,  becaufe  the 
'  very  Words  of  his  Majefty's  Article  are  wholly 

*  preferved,  yet,  by  reafon  of  the  Relation  to  fome- 

*  what  going  before  that  is  varied  by  them,  the  Senfe 
'  of  thofe  Words  is  wholly  varied  too ;  as  in  the 
4  fourth  Article,  where  the  Part  of  the  third  Article, 
'  to  which  that  did  refer,  is  wholly  left  out :  So 

*  that,  upon  the  Matter,  all  the  Propofitions  made 

*  by  his  Majefty,  which  did   not  in  Terms  agree 

*  with  thofe  presented  to  him,  are  utterly  rejected. 

*  For  thefe  Reafons,  and  that  this  Entrance  to- 
e  wards  a  blefled  Peace  and  Accommodation,  which 

*  hath  already  filled  the  Hearts  of  the  Kingdom 
'  with  Joy  and  Hope,  may  be  improved  to  the 

*  wifhed  End,  his  Majefty  defires,  That  the  Com- 

*  mittee  now  fent  may  fpeedily  have  Liberty  to 

*  treat,  debate,    and  agree    upon    the  Articles    of 

*  Ceffation ;  in  which  they  and  all  the  World  {hall 
'  find  that  his    Majefty  is  lefs   felicitous   for   his 
c  own  Dignity  and  Greatnefs,  than  for  his  Subjects 

*  Eafe  and  Liberty :  And  he  doubts  not,  upon  fuch 
4  a  Debate,  all  Differences  concerning  the  Celfation 

*  will  be  eafily  and  fpeedily  agreed  upon ;  and  the 

*  Benefit  of  a  CefTation  be  continued  and  confirmed 
'  to  his   People   by   a   fpeedy  difbanding  of  both 
'  Armies,  and  a  fudden  and  firm  Peace,  which  his 

*  Majefty  above  all  Things  defires. 

'If 


2o6     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  1.      *  If  this    fo  reafonable,  equal,  and  juft  Defird 

i64z.        <  of  his  Majefty  fhall    not    be  yielded    unto,  but 

^-~-v~—J    '  the  fame  Articles  ftill  infifted  upon  :  Though  his 

Much.       (  jyiajefly^  next  to  Peace,  deiires  a  Ceffation  ;  yet, 

'  that  the   not  Agreeing  upon  the  one  may   not 

*  deftroy  the  Hopes  of,  nor  fo  much  as  delay,  the 
'  other,  he  is  willing  however  to  treat  (even  \vith- 
'  out  a  Ceflation,  if  that  be  not  granted)  upon  the 

*  Propofitions  thcmfelves,  in  that  Order  as  is  agreed 
'  upon,  and  dehres    the  Committee  here  may  be 
'  enabled  to  that  Effect ;  in  which  Treaty  he  {hall 

*  give  all  his    Subjeds   that  Satisfaction,  That  if 
4  any  Security  to  enjoy  all  tht  Rights,  Privileges, 
'  and  Liberties  due  to  them'  by  the  Law;  or  that 
'  Happinefs  in  Church  and  State,  which  the  beft 

*  Times  have  feen  ;  with  fuch  farther  Acts  of  Grace 
'  as  may  agree  with  his  Honour,  Juftice,  and  Duty 
'  to.  his  Crown,    and  as  may  not  render  him   lefs 
'  abte  to  protect  his  Subjects  according  to  his  Oath, 

*  will  fatisfy  them,  he  is  confident,  in  the  Mercy 

*  of  God,  that  no  more   precious   Blood  of  this 
'  Nation  .will  be  thus  miferably  fpent.' 

Resolutions  of  March  24.  Another  Conference  was  held  about 
both  Honies  at  tn|s  Affair ;  the  Effect  of  which  was,  That  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  communicated  to  the  Lords 
fome  Refolutions,  which  they  had  made  concern- 
ing the  King's  laft  Meffage  ;  wherein  there  was 
an  Offer  to  treat  upon  the  Propofitions,  in  cafe  the 
Ceffatinn  was  not  agreed  on,  to  which  they  defired 
their  Lordfliips  Concurrence.  The  Refolutions 
were  as  follow : 

1.  '  That  the  Committee  at  Oxford  fhall  have 
Power  to  treat  and  debate  with  his  Majefty  upon 
the  two  firft  Propofitions,  according  to  their  In- 
ftrucYions,  for  four  Days  after  the  Day  of  the  Re- 
ceipt  of  this   Meffage,   notwithfhnding   that  the 
Ceffation  be  not  yet  agreed  upon. 

2.  *That  the'  Committee,  formerly    appointed 
to  prepare  the  Articles  of  Ceffation  and  Inftrudlions 
for   the  Committee  at  Oxford^  fhall   confider  of 

an 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       207 

an  Anfwer  to  be  made  to  his  Majefty's  MeflageAa.  18.  Car. 
this  Day  received  ;   and  lilcewife  prepare  Reafons        l64z 
to  be  fent  to  the  Committee,  for  them  to  prefs  the 
Treaty,  and  debate  the  former  Articles  of  Gela- 
tion ;     and    to   fhew    his    Majefty   the    Grounds 
why  the  Houfes  cannot  depart  from  thofe  former 
Articles.' 

For  the  prefent,  they  thought  proper  to  fend  the 
following  Meflage  to  his  Majefty  ;  and  the  Addi- 
tional Inftruclions  to  their  Commifiioners.  And  firft 
the  Meflage. 

May  it  pleafe  your  Majefty , 

<  TT7-E   your  loyal  Subjeas,  the  Lords   and  Thei 
«     W     Commons  in  Parliament,  having  recei- 

*  ved  a  MefTage  from  your  Majefty,  in  which  you 

*  are  pleafed  to  exprefs  yourfelf  not  to  be  fatisfied 

*  with  the  Articles  of  Ceffation,  prefented  unto  you 
'  by  our  Committee  now  attending  you  at  Oxford^ 
'  and  yet  a  Signification  of  your  Majefty's  Wil- 
'  lingnefs  to  treat  upon  the  Proportions  themfelves, 
'  even  without  a  Ceflation  ;  do,  with  all  Humble- 
8  nefs,  give  our  Confent  that  our  Committee  fhall 
6  have  Power  to  treat  and  debate  with  your  Maje- 
'  fty  upon  the  two  firft  Proportions  according  to 
'  their  Inftruclions,  for  four  Days  after  the  Day 
'  of  the  'Receipt  of  this  Meflage,  notwithftanding 

*  that  the  Ceflation  be  not  yet  agreed  upon  ;-that, 
'  as  much  as  in  us  lies,  there  may  be  no  Delay  in 
'  the  Proceedings   for   the  obtaining  of  a  blefled 
'  Peace,  and  the  healing  up  the  mHerable  Breaches 
'  of  this  diftra&ed  Kingdom  ;  and  do  purpofe  to 

*  reprefent,  very  fpeedily,  unto  your  Majefty,  thofe 

*  juft  Reafons  and  Grounds  upon  which  we  have 

*  found  it  neceflary  to  defire  of  your  Majefty  a 

*  Ceflation,  fo  qualified   as  that  is  ;    whereby  we 
'  hope  you  will  receive  fuch  Satisfaction,  as  that 
'you will  be  pleafed  to  afient  unto  it;  and,  be- 

*  ing  obtained,  we  aflure  ourfelves  it  will  be  moft 
'  effectual   to    the  Safety  of  the   Kingdom  ;    and 
'  that  Peace,  which,  with  fo  much  Zeal  and  loyal 

«  Affec- 


2o8       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  18.  Car.  I.*  Affection  to  your  RoyaJ  Perfon,    and  in  a  deep 
l64l-        '  Senfe    of   the   bleeding   Condition  of   this    poor 
*-77v~  '    '  Kingdom,  we  humbly  beg  of  your  Majefty's  Tu- 
March'       «  ftice  and  Goodnefs' 

The  Additional  Inftru&ions  were  as  follow  : 
My  Lord  a  and  Gentlemen, 


™  are 

theii  Committee.  tte"  UP  t°  a  Circumjlance  of  Time,  and  are  not 

to  proceed  unto  the  Treaty  upon  the  Propojitions,  un- 
til! the  CeJJlition  of  Arms  be  firjl  agreed  upon  :  You 
are  now  authorized  and  required,  as  you  may  per- 
ceive by  the  Votes  of  both  Houfes  which  you  Jhall 
herewith  receive,  to  treat  and  debate  with  his  Ma- 
jefty  upon  the  two  firjl  Proportions,  according  to  thofe 
Jnjlruftions,  for  four  Days  after  the  Day  of  the  Re- 
ceipt hereof,  notwithftanding  that  the  Cejjation  be  not 
agreed  upon. 

Your  Lordfhip's  moft  humble  Servant, 

March  *4,  MANCHESTER, 

l6*2'  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers 

pro  Tempore. 

Thus  ends  the  legal  Year  1642,  with  a  diftant 
Profpedl  of  Peace  ;  but,  however  pleafmg  the  Idea 
of  it  was  to  fome,  and  we  believe  much  the  greater 
Part  of  the  Kingdom,  yet  there  were  not  wanting 
thofe,  who,  for  their  own  private  Ends,  fpared  no 
Pains  to  change  it  into  much  more  Blood  and  Slaugh- 
ter than  had,  hitherto,  happened  in  thefe  diftra<5l- 
ed  Times.  We  may  imagine  that  fuch  Members 
of  the  Commons,  concerned  in  making  an  Order 
of  that  Houfe,  on  the  twenty-fourth  of  this  Month, 
to  forbid  the  Tower  Guns  to  be  fired  on  the  27th, 
the  Anniverfary  of  the  King's  Acceflion,  under  Pre- 
tence of  the  Expence  of  Powder,  and  of  hinder- 

ing 

a  The  Reafon  of  this  Addrefs  being  My  Lard,  and  not  My  Lord*' 
vras  becaufe  the  Lord  Say  did  not  go  ;  and  the  Houfe,  left  they  fliould 
be  thought  to  countenance  the  King's  Objection,  would'  not  appoint 
mother  in  his  Stead. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       209 

Ing  the  great  Concourfe  of  People,  were  of  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
the  latter  Sort:  And  indeed  this  Order  feems  to 
have  been  clandeftinely  obtained  j  for,  the  next 
Day,  March  25,  a  Motion  being  made  and  the 
Queftton  put,  V/hether  Liberty  fliould  be  giv^n 
'to  fpeak  againft.  the  laid  Order;1  The  Houle  di- 
vided, and  it  was  carried  in  the  Ainrmative,  61 
againft  «:6.  What  the  Soeeches  were,  *r<?  and Rcraarkable 

t-f-^r  i  r         Voles   as  to  ob- 

cont  on  this  Occalion,  v/e   know  not;    but,  loon^^^g  t]ieAn- 
after,   another   Qucilion   was    put,  Whether   theniverfary  of  ihe 
Order  made,  conceining  the  firing  and  difchargingKins's  Accef- 
the  Guns  of  the  Tower  and  Tower-Hill,  fhould  befion' 
revoked?  This  alfo  pafTed  affirmatively  by  a  greater 
Majority,  75  againft  57  :    Whereby  the  Honour 
of  the  Hotile  w^s  laved  againft  a  very  great  Inftance 
of  ill  Manners,  or  rather  Difloyalty,  in  thofe  who 
had  procured  the  above-mentioned  Order. 

The  Tellers  on  this  remarkable  Occafion  were, 
on  the  iirft  Queflion,  Mr.  Holies  and  Sir  Peter 
IVenfvuortb)  with  the  Yeas ;  Sir  Robert  Harley 
and  Sir  Neviie  Poole,  with  the  Noes.  And,  up- 
on the  fecond  Queftion,  Mr.  Holies  and  Sir  John 
Evelyn,  with  the  Yeas  j  Sir  Walter  Erie  and  Mr. 
Strode,  with  the  Noes. 

At  the  Opening  of  the  Year  1643,  the  Eyes  of 
a  bleeding  and  miferable  Nation  were  all  turned  to 
the  Treaty  at  Oxford^  but  to  very  Jittle  Purpofe ; 
for,  fo  far  from  any  real  Advantage  being  gain'd  by 
it,  Matters  were  left  in  the  fame,  or_'a  worfe  Situation 
than  before. 

To  fhew-  how  little  Defire  many  of  the  HoufeAndDivifioni 
cf  Commons  had  to  bring  this  Treaty  to  a  peace-  relating  to  the 
able  Conclufion,  we  {hall  mention  the  following JTjJ'-y  at  Ox" 
Inftances. — When  the  King  defired  the  Commit      ' 
fioners  to  get  the  Time,  prefcribed  for  the  Treaty, 
enlarged,  which  was  voted  in  the  Lower  Houfe  on 
the  firft  of  April,  it  was  carried  for  the  Enlarge- 
ment, by  the  fmall  Majority  of  62  againft  56.    And 
it  being   refolved,  on  that  Vote,  to   give    further 
Time  to  Friday  the  feventh  of  April,  for  the  Trea- 
ty, the   Queftion    was   as;ain   put,  Whether   that 

VOL.  XII.  O  Day 


2io        T^be  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  Day  was  concluded  in  this  Term  ?  and  it 
^*^ll^f  in  the  Affirmative  by  yet  a  fmaller  Majority,  57 
April.  againft  54.  Two  Days  after,  April  3,  another 
Queftion  was  ftarted,  Whether,  if  the  Commif- 
fioners  received  no  pofttive  Anfwer  from  the  King, 
to  the  two  firft  Propofitions,  by  Friday  Night,  they 
ifaould  come  away  on  Saturday  ?  The  Houfe  again 
divided,  when  54  were  for  the  Queftion,  and  41 
againft  it.  But  this  laft  Order  was,  foon  afterr 
revoked,  and  the  Time  enlarged  to  the  Saturday 
following.  So  that,  it  is  plain,  near  one  Half  of 
the  Houfe,  then  prefent,  were  for  knocking  the 
Treaty  down  at  once  ;  and,  'tis  too  probable,  were 
really  againft  any  Treaty  at  all.  It  fhews  alfo  to 
what  a  low  Ebb  the  Houfe  of  Commons  was  therv 
reduced,  that,  even  at  this  critical  Conjuncture, 
fcarcely  one  fifth  Part  of  the  Members  were  pre- 
fent :  The  Reafons  for  which,  being  fet  forth  in  the 
Beginning  of  this  Volume,  we  pafs  over  without 
further  Remark. 

We  have  already  given  the  Initial  Forms  for 
the  conftituting  this  Treaty  :  What  followed,  as  it 
takes  up  many  Pages  in  the  Journals,  and  is  exact- 
ly printed  in  Rujbworth's  and  fftt/bands's  Colleflionsy 
and  in  the  Pamphlets  publifhed,  both  by  the  King 
and  Parliament,  at  that  Time,  we  pafs  over  ;  and 
fhall  content  ourfelves  with  the  Account  of  this  un- 
fuccefsful  Negotiation,  as  drawn  up  by  thofe  two 
Contemporary  Oppofites,  the  Earl  of  Clarendon  and 
Mr.  Whitlocke\  the  former  of  whom  was,  at  this 
Time,  attending  the  King's  Service  at  Oxford;  and 
the  other  employed,  as  himfelf  tells  us,  by  his  Bro- 
ther- Commiflioners,  in  drawing  up  ail  their  Papers 
to  the  King,  which  were  afterwards  tranfcrib'd  by 
their  Secretaries.  --  And,  firft,  Lord  Clarendon. 


"V  TT  T 

W 


HEN  the  Treaty  was  firft  consented  to  by 
the  two  Houfes,    they   ordered    that   it 

the  King  and  the  fhou  Id  be  upon  the  firft  Propofition  made  by  his 
Commiffioncrs    Majefty,  and  the  firft  Propofition  made  by  them- 
^r"*  felves  ;  and  that  thofe  fliould  be  firft  concluded  on, 

before  they   proceeded  to    treat  upon  any  of  the 

other 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         211 

bther  Propofitions :  So  that  the  Committee,  in  the  An.  TO.  Car.  I. 
firft  Place,  applied  themfelves  to  his  Majefty,  upon         l643- 
his  own  firft  Propofition,  which  was,  That  his  own    U~~VT"""' 
Revenue,  Magazines,    Towns,    Forts,    and   Skips, 
which   bad  been   taken  or  kept  from  him  by  Force, 
Jhould  be  forthwith  rejlored  to  him.     To  which  the 
Committee  anfvvered,  '  That  the  two  Houfes  had 

*  made  ufe  of  his  Majefty's  own  Revenue  but  in  a 
4  very  fmall  Proportion,  which  in  a  good  Part  had 

*  been  employed   in  the  Maintenance  of  his  Chil- 
4  dren,  according  to  the  Allowance  eftablifhed  by 
c  himfelf :   And    the    Houfes    would    fatisfy    what 
c  {hould  remain  due  to  his  Majefty  of  thofe  Sums 
4  which  they   had  received ;  and  would  leave  the 

*  fame  to  him  for  the  Time  to  come.     And  they 
4  defired  likewife,  that  his  Majefty  would  reftore 

*  what  had  been  taken  for  his  Ufe  upon  any  of  the 

*  Bills,  afiigned  to  other  Purpofes  by  feveral  Acts 

*  of  Parliament,  or  out  of  the  Provifion  made  for 
1  the  War  of  Ireland:  That  all  the   Arms    and 
4  Ammunition,  taken  out  of  his  Magazines,  {hould 
4  be  delivered  into  his  Stores,  and  whatfoever  {hould 
4  be  wanting  they  would  fupply  in  Kind,  according 
4  to  the   Proportions  they  had  received ;  but  they 
4  propofed  the  Perfons,  to  whofe  Charge  thofe  public 
4  Magazines  {hould  be  committed,  being  nominated 
4  by  his  Majefty,  might  be  fuch  as  the  two  Houfes  of 
4  Parliament  might  confide  in  j  and  that  his  Majefty 
4  would  reftore  all  fuch  Arms  and  Ammunition,  as 
4  had  been   taken  for  his  Ufe,  from  the   feveral 
4  Counties,  Cities,  and  Towns. 

4  That  the  two  Houfes  would  remove  the  Gar- 
4  rifons  out  of  all  Towns  and  Forts  in  their  Hands, 
4  wherein  there  were  no  Garrifons  before  thefe 
4  Troubles,  and  flight  all  Fortifications  made  fince 
4  that  Time,  and  thofe  Towns  and  Forts  to  con- 

*  tinue  in  the  fame  Condition  they  were  in  before; 
4  and  that  thofe  Garrifons  {hould  not  be  renewed, 
4  or  the  Fortifications  repaired,  without  Confent 
4  of  his  Mv.jefty,  and  both  Houfes  of  Parliament : 
4  That  the  Towns  and  Forts,  which   were  within 
4  the  Jurifdictiun  of  the  Cinque-Poits,  {hould  be 

O  2  *c!e- 


212       'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.<  delivered  into  the  Hands  of  fuch  a  Noble  Perfon 

<  as  the  King  fhould  appoint  to  be  Warden  of  the 
'  Cinque-Ports,  being  fuch  a  one  as  they  fhould 
'  confide  in :  That  Portfmoutk  fhould  be  reduced 

*  to  the  Number  of  the  Garrifon,  as  was  at  that 
'  Time  when  the  Lords  and  Commons  undertook 

*  the  Cuftody   of  it  ;  and   that   all   other   Forts, 
'  Caftles,  and  Towns,    in  which   Garrifons   had 

*  been  kept,  and  had  been,  fince  the  Beginning  of 

*  thefe  Troubles,  taken  into  their  Care  and  Cufto- 

*  dy,  fhould  be  reduced  to  the  fame  Ettablifhment 

<  they  had  in  the  Year  1636,  and  fhould  be  fo  con- 

*  tinued ;  and    that   all  thofe  Towns,  Forts,  and 
«  Catties  fhould  be  delivered  up  into  the  Hands  of 

*  fuch  Perfons  of  Quality  and  Truft,  to  be  like  wife 

*  nominated  by  his  Majefty,  as   the  two  Houfcs 

*  fhould  confide  in :  That  the  Warden  of  the  Cinque- 
'  Ports,  and   all  Governors   and   Commanders   of 
«  Towns,  Caftles,  and  Forts,  fhould  keep  the  fame 

*  Towns,  Caftles,  and  Forts,  refpeftively,  for  the 
c  Service  of  his  Majefty,  and  the    Safety   of   the 

*  Kingdom  j  and  that  they  fhould  not  admit  into 
«  them  any  foreign  Forces,  or   any  other  Forces 

*  raifed  without  his  Majefty's  Authority,  and  Con- 
'  fent  of  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament ;  and  they 
'  fhould  ufe  their  utmoft  Endeavour  to  fupprefs  all 
c  Forces  whatfoever  raifed  without  fuch  Authority 

*  and  Confent ;  and  they  fliould  feize  all  Arms  and 
'  Ammunition  provided  for  any  fuch  Forces. 

«  They  likewife  propofed  to  the  King,  that  he 

*  would  remove  the   Garrifon  out   of  Newcajlle^ 
'  and  all  other  Towns,  Caftles,  and  Forts  where 
'  any  Garrifons  had  been  placed  by  him  fince  thefe 
•Troubles;  and   that  the  Fortifications  might  be 
'  likewife  flighted,  and  the  Towns   and  Forts  left 
«  in  fuch  State  as  they  were  in  the  Year  1636; 
c  and  that    all   other  Towns    and  Caftles    in   his 
c  Hands,  wherein  there  had  been  formerly  Garri- 
'  fons,  might  be  committed  to  fuch  Perfons,  no- 
'  minated  by  him,  as  the  Houfes  fhould   confide 
'  in,  and  under  fuch  Instructions   as  were  formerly 
'  mentioned  j  and  that  the  new  Garrifons  fhould 

«  net 


Of*    ENGLAND.        313 

c  not  be   renewed,  or  the  Fortifications  repaired,  An.  19.  Car.  f. 
4  without  the  Confent  of  the  King  and  both  Houfes         l6^' 
<•  of  Parliament :  That  the  Ships  fhould  be  deli-    V"~^Jp""1 
4  vered  into  the  Charge  of  fuch  a  Noble  Perfon  as 

*  the  King  fhould  nominate  to  be  Lord  High-Ad- 
•'  miral  of  England,  and  the  two  Houfes  confide 

*  in ;  who  fhould  receive  that  Office  by  Letters 
4  Patent,  quamdiu  fe  bene  geflerit,  and  fhould  have 
4  Power  to  nominate  and  appoint  all  fubordinate 
'  Commanders   and  Officers,  and  have  all  other 
c  Powers  appertaining  to  the  Office  of  High-Ad- 
4  miral ;    which  Ships  he  fhould  employ  for  the 
4  Defence    of    the   Kingdom,  againft  all   foreign 

*  Forces   whatfoever,    and    for  the    Safeguard   of 

*  Merchants,    Securing   of  Trade,   the  Guarding 
'  of  Ireland,  and  the  Intercepting  of  all  Supplies 

*  to   be   carried   to  the  Rebels ;    and  fhould    ufe 

*  his    utmoft  Endeavours   to   fupprefs  all    p'orces 
'  which  fhould  be  raifed  by  any  Perfon  without  his 

*  Majefty's  Authority,  and  Confent  of  the  Lords 

*  and  Commons  in  Parliament;  and  fhould  feize 
4  all  Arms  and  Ammunition  provided  for  Supply 
'  of  any  fuch  Forces. 

4  To  this  Anfwer,  by  which  they  required,  at 
1eaft,  to  go  whole  Sharers  with  him  in  his  Sove- 
reignty, the  King  replied,  '  That  he  knew  not 
4  what  Proportion  of  his  Revenue  had  been  made 
'  Ufe  of  by  his  two  Houfes,  but  he  had  Reafon  to 
4  believe,  if  much  of  it  had  not  been  ufed,  very 

*  much  remained  flUl  in  their  Hands ;  his  whole 

*  Revenue  being  fo  flopped  and  feized  on,  by  the 
6  Orders  of  one  or  both  Houfes,  even  to  the  taking 

*  of  his  Money  out  of  his  Exchequer  and  Mint, 
4  and  Bonds  forced  from  his  Cofferer's  Clerk,  for 

*  the  Provifions  of  his  Houfhold,  that  very  little 
4  had  come  to  his  Ufe  for  his  own  Support ;  but 
4  he  would  be  well  contented  to  allow  whatfoever 

*  had   been  employed  in  the  Maintenance  of  his 
4  Children,  and  to  receive  the  Arrears  due  to  him- 
4  felf,  and  to  be  fure  of  his  own  for  the  future. 
4  He  was  I  ike  wife  willing  to  reftore  all  Monies  ta- 

*  ken  for  his  Ufe,  by  any  Authority  from  him,  up- 

03  'on 


2 1 4       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Car.  H  on  anv  BjHs  affigncd   to  other  Purpofes,  being 

f  afiur'd  he  had  received  very  little,  or  nothing,  that 

iT        *  Way :  And  he  expected,  likewife,  that  Satisfac- 

*  tion  fhould  be  made  by  them  for  all  thofe  feveral 
'  vaft  Sums  received   and  diverted   to  other   Pur- 
'  pofes,  by  Orders  of  one  or  both  Houies,  which 

*  ought  to  have  been  paid,  by  the  Act  of  Pacifi- 

*  cation,  to  his  Subjects  of  Scotland,  or  employed 
c  for  the  Difcharge  of  the  Debts  of  the  Kingdom  ; 

*  or,  by  other  A6ts  of  Parliament,  for  the  Relief  of 

*  his  poor  Proteftant  Subjects  in  Ireland. 

'  For  what  concerned  his  Magazines;  he  was 
'  content  that  all  the  Arms  and  Ammunition, 
'  taken  out  of  his  Magazines,  which  did  re- 

*  main  in  the  Hands  of  both  Houfes,  or  of  Perfons 

*  employed   by  them,    fliould  be,    as  foon  as  the 

*  Treaty  was  concluded,  delivered  into  the  Tower 
e  of  London  ;  and  that  whatfoever  fliould  be  want- 
'  ing  of  the  Proportions  taken  by  them,  fliould  be 

*  fupplied  by  them,  with  all  convenient  Speed,  in 

*  Kind  ;  which,  he  faid,  fhould  be  committed  to, 

*  and  continued  in,  the  Cuftody  of  the  fworn  Offi- 

*  cers,  to  whofe  Places  the  fame  belong'd  :  And 

*  if  any  of  thofe  Officers  had  already  forfeited,  or 
'  hereafter  fliould  forfeit,  that  Truft,  by  any  Mif-^ 

*  demeanors,  his  Majefty  would  by  no  Means  de- 

*  fend  them  from  the  Juftice  of  the  Law  :  That  he 
'  always  intended  to  reftore  fuch  Arms  and  Am- 

*  munition,  which  he  had  been  compelled  to  take 
4  from  any  Perfons  and  Places,  when  his  own  had 
'  been  taken  from  him ;  and   would  make  them 

*  Recompence  as  foon  as  his  own  Stores  were  re- 
'  ftored  to  him. 

'  To  whatfoever  they  propofed  for  the  flighting 

*  all    Fortifications,    and    reducing    nil  Garnfons 
'  which  had    been   made  fmce   the  Beginning  of 
«  the   Troubles,  and    leaving   them    in    the   State 

*  they  were  before,  the  Kin^  fully  and  abfolutcly 
'  confented  ;  and   that  the  old  Caftlcs  and  Gani- 

*  fons  fhould  be  reduced  to  their  antient  Piopor- 

*  tion  and  Eftabliflunent ;  but,  for  the  Governors 

*  and  Commanders   of  them,  he   faid,  That   th  = 

*  Cincnjc- 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        215 

c  'Cinque-Ports  were  already  in  the  Cuftody   of  a  An.  19.  Car.  I, 
•c  Noble  Perfon,  againft  whom  he  knew   no  juft         l643- 
4  Exception ;    and   who  had  fuch  a  legal  Intereft  *—  —*""  — ' 

*  therein,  that  he  could  not,  with  Juflice,  remove 

*  him   from  it,  untill  fome  fufficient  Caufe  were 

*  made  appear  to  him  ;  but  he  was  very  willing, 

*  if  he  fhould  at  any  Time  be  found  guilty  of  any 

*  thing  that   might  make   him  unworthy   of  that 

*  TruTt,  that  he  might  be  proceeded  againft  ac- 
4  cording  to  the  Rules  of  Juftice :  That  the  Go- 

*  vernment  of  the  Town  of  Portfmouth,  and  all 

*  other  Forts,  Caftles,  and  Towns,  as  were  for- 
4  merly  kept  by  Garrifons,  fliould  be  put  into  the 

*  Hands  of  fuch  Perfons,  againft  whom  no  juft  Ex- 

*  ceptions  could  be  made;  all  of  them  being,  be- 

*  fore  thefe  Troubles,  by  Letters  Patent,  granted 

*  to  feveral  Perfons,  againft  any  of  whom  he  knew 

*  not  any  Exceptions,  who  fhould  be  removed,  if 

*  juft  Caufe  fhould  be  given  for  the  fame.     The 

*  Warden  of  the  Cinque-Ports,  and  all  other  Go- 
e  vernors  and  Commanders  of  the  Towns  and  Ca- 

*  ftles,  fhould  keep  their  Charges,  as  by  the  Law 

*  they  ought  to  do,  and  for  the  King's  Service,  and 

*  Safety  of  the  Kingdom  ;  and  they  fhouid  notad- 

*  mit  into   any  of  them  foreign  Forces,  or  other 

*  Forces,  raifed  or  brought  in  to  them  contrary  to 

*  Law  ;  but  fliould  ufe  their  utmoft  Endeavours  to 

*  fupprefs  fuch  Forces ;  and  fhould  feize  all  Arms 
4  and  Ammunition,  which,  by  the  Laws  and  Sta- 

*  tutes  of  the  Kingdom,  they  ought  to  feize.' 

*  To  that  Part  which  concern'd  the  Ships,  the 
King  told  them,  4  That  he  expeded  his  own  Ships 
4  fhould  be  delivered  to  him,  as  by  the  Law  they 
4  ought  to  be ;  and  that  when  he  fhould  think  fit 
4  to  nominate  a  Lord  High-Admiral  of  England, 
4  it  fhould  be  fuch  a  Perfon  againft  whom  no  juft 
6  Exception  could  be  made;  and  if  any  fhould  be, 

*  he  would  always  leave  him  to  his  due  Trial  and 
'  Examination ;  and  he  would  grant  his  Office  to 
•'  him  by  fuch  Letters  Patent,  as  had   been  ufed. 
•*  Jr.  the  mean  Time  he  would  govern  the  Admi- 

•  raly 


April. 


21 6     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

19.  Car.  I.'  ralty  by  Commiffion,  as  had  been  in  all  Times 
c  accuftomed ;  and  whattbever  Ships  fhould  be  fct 
'  out  by  him,  or  his  Authority,  fhould  be  employ- 
'  cd  for  the  Defence  of  the  Kingdom  againft  all 

*  foreign  Forces  whatfoever,  for  the  Safeguard  of 
'Merchants,  Securing  of  Trade,  Guarding  of  Ire- 

*  land^  and  the  Intercepting  of  all  Supplies  to  be 
'  carried  to  the  Rebels  ;  and  they  fhould   ufe  their 
'  utmoft  Endeavours  to  fupprefs  all  Forces  which 
'  fhould  be  raifed,  by  any  Peifon  whatfoever,  againft 
'  the  Laws  and  Statutes  of  the  Kingdom ;  and  to 

*  feize  all  Arms  and  Ammunition  provided  for  the 
'  Supply  of  any  fuch  Forces.' 

*  Jt  is  evident  to  all  Men  where  the  Difference 
now  lay  between  them,  being  Whether  the  King 
would   referve  the  Diipofal   of  thofe   Offices  and 
Places  of  Truft  to  himfelf,  (which  all  Kings  had 
enjoyed,  and  was  indeed  a  Part  of  his  Regality)  or 
Whether  he  would  be  content  with  fuch  a  Nomina- 
tion, as,  being  to    pafs,  and    depend    upon   their 
Approbation,  no  Man  fhould  ever  be  admitted  to 
them,  who  was  nominated  by  him.     The  Com- 
mittee,   upon    his    Majefty's    Anfwer,"  defired    to 
know,  e  Whether  he  did  intend  that  both  Houfes 
fhould  exprefs  their  Confidence  of  the  Perfons, 
to  whofe  Truft  thofe  Places  were  to  be  commit- 
ted ;  for  that  they  were  directed  by  their  Inftruc- 
tions,  that,  if  his  Majefty  was  pleafed  to  aflent 
thereunto,  and  to  nominate.  Perfons  of  Quality 
to  receive  the  Charge  of  them,  that  they  fhould 
certify  it   to  both   Houfes   of  Parliament ;    that 
thereupon   they  might  exprefs  their  Confidence 
in   thofe  Perfons,  or  humbly  defire  his  Majefty 
to  name  others,  none  of  which  Perfons  to  be  re- 
moved during  three  Years   next  enfuing,  with- 
out juft  Caufe,  to  be  approved  by  both  Houfes ; 
and  ir  any  fhould  be  fo  removed,  or  die  within 
that  Space,  the  Perfons  to  be  put  in  their  Places 
to  be  fuch    as   the   two  Houfes   fhould   confide 
in.' 
'  The  King  anfiverec!,  «  That  he  did  not  intend 

*  that  the  Houfes  fhould  exprefb  their  Confidence 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        217 

'  of  the  Perfons  to  whofe  Trufts  thofe  Places  fhould  An,  19.  Car.  I. 
4  be  committed  j  but  only  that  they  fhould  have  Li-        l643« 

*  berty,  upon  any  juft  Exception,  to  proceed  againft         .  •  Tj  — f. 

*  any  fuch  Perfons  according  to  Law ;  his  Majefty 
'  being  refolved  not  to  protect  them  againft  the  Pub- 

*  lie  Juftice.     When  any  of  the  Places  fliould  be 

*  void,  he  well  knew  the  Nomination  and  free  Elec- 
4  tion  of  thofe  who  fhould  fucceed,  to  be  a  Right 

*  belonging  to,  and  inherent  in,  his  Majefty  ;  and 

*  having  been  enjoyed  by  all  his  Royal  Progenitors, 

*  he  could  not  believe  his  well-affected  Subjects  de- 
'  fired  to  limit  him  in  that  Right  *  and  defired  they 
'  would  be  fatisfied  with  this  Anfwer,  or  give  him 
4  any  Reafons  to  alter  his  Refolution,  and  he  would 
4  comply  with  them.' 

They  told  him,  4  There  could  be  no  good  and 
'  firm  Peace  hoped  for,  if  there  were  not  a  Cure 
4  found  out  for  the  Fears  and  Jealoufies  j  and  they 
4  knew  none  fure,  but  this  which  they  had  propo- 
4  fed.' 

4  The  King  replied,  '  That  he  rather  expected 

*  Reafons   grounded   upon   Law,  to  have  fhewed 
4  him,  by  the  Law,  that  he  had  not  that  Right  he 

*  pretended,  or  that  they  had  a  Right  fuperior  to 
4  his,  in  what  was  now  ia  Queftion  ;  or  that  they 

*  would  have  fhewed  him  feme  legal  Reafon,  why 

*  the  Perfons  trufted  by  him  were  incapable  of  fuch, 

*  a  Truft,  than  that  they  would  only  have  infift- 

*  ed  upon  Fears  and  Jealoufies  ;  of  which  as  he 

*  knew  no  Ground,  fo  he  muft  be  ignorant  of  the 
'  Cure.     That  the  Argument  they  ufed  might  ex- 
4  tend  to  the  depriving  him  of,  or  at  leaft  fharing 

*  with  him  in,    all  his  juft  Regal   Power  ;  fince 
'  Power,  as  well  as  Forces,  might  be  the  Object  of 
4  Fears  and  Jealoufies  j  and  there  would  be  always 

*  a  Power  left  to  hurt,  whilft  there  was  any  left  to 

*  protect  and  defend.'     He  told  them,  *  If  he  had 

*  as  much  Inclination,  as  he  had  more  Right,  to 

*  Fears  and  Jealoufies,  he  might,  with  more  Rea- 
'  fons,  have  infifted  upon  an  Addition  of  Power,  as 

*  a  Security  to  enable  him  to  keep  his  Forts  when 

*  he  had  them  i  fince  it  appeared  it  was  net  fo  great, 

4  but 


218       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 
An.  19.  Car.  I.«  but  that  they  had  been  able  to  take  them  from 
a^3«        «  him,  than  they  to  make  any  Difficulty  to  reftore 
April         '  them  to  him  in  tne  fame  Cafe  they  were  before. 

'  But,  he  faid,  as  he  was  himfelf  content  with,  fo, 

*  he  took  God  to  Witnefs,  his  greateft  Defire  was 

*  to  obferve  always,  and  maintain,  the  Law  of  the 

*  Land  ;  and  expedited  the  fame  from  his  Subjects  ; 
'  and  believed  the  mutual  Obfervance  of  that  Rule, 
6  and  neither  of  them  to  fear  what  the  Law  feared 
'  not,    to   be,    on  both  Parts,  a  better  Cure  for 

*  that  dangerous  Difeafe  of  Fears  and  Jealoufies, 

*  and  a  better  Means  to  eftablifh  a  happy  and  per- 
c  petual  Peace,  than  for  him  to  diveft  himfelf  of 
«  thofe  Trufts,  which  the  Law  of  the  Land  had 
6  fettled  in  the  Crown  alone,  to  preferve  the  Power 

*  and  Dignity  of  the  Prince,  for  the  better  Protec- 
'  tion  of  the  Subject  and  of  the  Law,  and  to  avoid 

*  thofe  dangerous  Diftraclions,  which  the  Intereft 

*  of  any  Sharers  with  him  would  have  infallibly  pro- 

*  -duced.' 

*  The  Committee  neither  offered  to  anfwer  his 
Majefty's  Reafons,  nor  to  oppofe  other  Reafons  to 
weigh  againft  them  ;  but  only  faid,  '  That  they 
«  were  commanded,  by  their  Inftru&ions,  to  infill 
«  upon  the  Defires  of  both  Houfes  formerly  expref- 
«  fed.' 

To  which  the  King  made  no  other  Anfwer  than, 
«  That  he  conceived  it  all  the  Juftice  in  the  World 

*  for  him  to  infift,  that  what  was,  by  Law,  his 

*  own,  and  had  been,  contrary  to  Law,  taken  from 

*  him,   fticuld  be  fully  reftored  to  him,    without 
«  conditioning  to  impofe  any  new  Limitations  upon 
'him,  or  his  Milliners,  which  were  not  formerly 

*  required  from  them  by  the  Law  ;  and  he  thought 
'  it  moft  unreafonable    to  be  prefled   to  diminifh 

*  his  own  juft  Rights  hiinfelf,  hecaufe  others  had 
'  violated  and  ufurped  them.'     This  was  the  Sum 
of  what  pafled  in  the  Treaty  upon  that  Propo- 
fition. 

4  To  the  firft  Proportion  of  the  two  Houfes, 
his  Majefty  would  be  pleafed  to  di/band  bis  Ar- 
as  they  likewife  ivoidd  be  ready  to  difband  fill 

their 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      2:9 

their  Forces,  which  they  had  raifed^  and  that  he  would 
be  pleafed  to  return  to  his  Parliament :  l643- 

'  The  King  anfwered,  '  That  he  was  as  ready  —  A ~-~ 
4  and  willing  that  ail  Armies  fhould  be  difbanded, 
'  as  any  Perfon  whatfoever  ;  and  conceived  the  beft 

*  Way  to  it. would  be  a  happy  and  fpeedy  Con- 

*  clufion  of  the  prefent  Treaty  ;  which,    if  both 
4  Houfes  would  contribute  as  much  as  he  would 

*  do  to  it,   would  be  fuddenly  effected.     And  as 

*  he  defired  nothing  more  than  to  be  with  his  two 
4  Houfes,  fo  he  would  repair  thither  as  foon  as  he 

*  could  poflibly  do  it  with  his  Honour  and  Safe- 
<ty. 

4  The  Committee  afked  him,  c  If,  by  a  happy  and 

*  fpeedy  Conclufion  of  the  prefent  Treaty,  he  in- 

*  tended  a  Conclufion  upon  the  two  firft  Proportions, 
4  or  a  Conclufion  of  the  Treaty  in  all  the  Propofi- 

*  tions  of  both  Parts  ?' 

4  The  King,  who  well  knew  it  would  be  very 
ungracious  to  deny  the  Difbanding  of  the  Armies, 
till  all  the  Propofitions  were  agreed,  fome  whereof 
would  require  much  Time,  anfwered,  '  That  he 

*  intended  fuch  a  Conclufion  of,  or  in,  the  Treaty, 

*  as  there  might  be  a  clear  Evidence  to  himfelf,  and 
'  his  Subjects,  of  a  future  Peace,  and  no  Ground  left 

*  for  the  Continuance,  or  Growth,  of  thofe  bloody 
'  Diilentions ;    which,  he  doubted  not,  might  be 
4  obtained,  if  both  Houfes  would  confent  that  the 
'  Treaty  fhould  proceed  without  farther  Interruption, 
4  or  Limitation  of  Days.' 

4  They  afked  him,  4  What  he  intended  fliould  be 
'  a  clear  Evidence  to  him,  and  his  good  Subjects,  of 

*  a  future  Peace,  and  no  Ground  left  for  the  Con- 

*  tinuance,  and  Growth,  of  thofe  bloody  Diflen- 

*  tions  ?' 

<  His  Majefty  told  them,  *  If  the  Conclufion  of 
£  the  prefent  Treaty  upon  his  firft  Propofition,  and 
4  the  firft  Propofition  of  both  Houfes,  {bould  be  fo 

*  full  and  perfectly  made,  that  the  Law  of  the  Land 
6  might  have  a  full,  free,  and  uninterrupted  Courfe, 
4  for  the  Defence  and  Prefervation  of  the  Rights  of 
4  his  Majefty,  and  of  themfelves,  and  the  reft  of 
8  his  Suhjcfts,  there  would  be  thence  a  clear  Evi- 

*  dence 


The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.    dence  to  him,  and  all  Men,  of  a  future  Peace;  and 
l643»          it  would  be  fuch  a  Conclufion  as  he  intended,  never 
meaning  that  both  Armies  fhould  remain  undif- 
banded  untill  the  Proportions  on  both  Sides  were 
fully  concluded.' 

'  To  the  other  Claufe  of  their  own  Propofition, 
concerning  the  King's  Return  to  the  Parliament, 
they  faid,  '  They  had  no  Inftructions  to  treat  up- 
'  on  it;'  which  the  King  much  wonder'd  at;  and 
finding  that  they  had  no  other  Authority  to  treat, 
or  debate  what  was  necefiary  to  be  done  in  order 
to  Difbanding,  but  only  to  prefs  him  to  appoint  a 
Day  for  the  actual  Difbanding ;  and  that  the  Forces 
in  the  North,  where  he  had  a  great  Army,  and 
they  had  none,  might  be  firft  difbanded,  he  endea- 
vour'd  to  draw  them  to  fome  Propofitions  upon  his 
Return  to  the  Parliament ;  from  whence  Expedi- 
ents .would  naturally  refult,  if  they  purfued  that 
heartily,  which  would  conclude  a  general  Peace. 
And  it  feem'd  very  ftrange,  that,  after  fo  many 
Difcourfes  of  the  King's  Abfence  from  the  Houfes, 
from  whence  they  had  taught  the  People  to  believe 
that  moft  of  the  prefent  Evils  flow'd  and  proceed- 
ed when  a  Treaty  was  noxv  enter'd  upon,  and  that 
was  a  Part  of  their  own  firft  Propofition,  that  their 
Committee  fhould  have  no  Inftructions  or  Autho- 
rity to  treat  upon  it.  After  this  they  jeceived  new 
Inftru&ions,  '  To  declare  to  his  Majefty  the  De- 

*  fire  of  both  Houfes,  for  his  coming  to  his  Parlia- 
'  ment ;  which,  they  faid,  they  had  often  exprefs'd 
'  with  full  Offers  of  Security  to  his  Royal  Perfon, 

*  agreeable  to  their  Duty  and  Allegiance  ;  and  they 
'  knew  no  Caufe  why  he  might  not  repair  thither 
'  with  Honour  and  Safety.' 

'  When  the  King  found  he  could  not  engage 
them  in  that  Argument  to  make  any  particular 
Overture  or  Invitation  to  him  ;  and  that  the  Com- 
mittee, who  exprefs'd  Willingr.efs  enough,  had 
not  in  Truth  the  leaft  Power  to  promote,  or  con- 
tribute to  an  Accommodation,  left  they  fhould 
make  the  People  believe  that  he  had  a  Defire  to 
continue  the  War,  becaule  he  confented  not  to 

their 


Of   ENGLAND.        221 

their  Propofition  of  Difbanding  the  Armies,  he  fent  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
this  MefTage,  by  an  Exprefs  of  his  own,  to  the  two 
Houfes,  after  he  had  firft  communicated  it  to  their 
Committee.' 

Oxford,  April  12,  1643. 
CHARLES    R. 

CT'O  flew  to  the  whole  World,  bow  earnejlly  his  Ma- 
Jefty  !°ngs  f°r  Peace*  and  that  no  Succefs  Jhall 
make  him  defire  the  Continuance  of  his  Army  to  any 
other  End,  or  for  any  longer  Timet  than  that ;  and 
untill  Things  may  be  fo  fettled,  as  that  the  Law  may 
have  a  full,  free,  and  uninterrupted  Courfe,  for  the 
Defence  amd  Prefervation  of  the  Rights  of  his  Ma- 
Jf/ty,  both  Houfes,  and  his  good  Subjects  : 

i.-  As  foon  as  his  MajeJJy  is  fatisfied  in  his  firjl 
Proportion,  concerning  bis  own  Revenue,  Maga- 
zines, Ships,  and  Forts,  in  which  he  defires  nothing, 
but  that  the  jitjl,  known,  legal  Rights  of  his  Ma- 
jejly  (devolved  to  him  from  his  Progenitors)  and 
of  the  Perfons  truJJed  by  him,  which  have  violently 
been  taken  from  both,  be  reftored  unto  him,  and  un- 
to them  ;  unlefs  any  juft  and  legal  Exception  again/I 
any  of  the  Perfons  trufted  by  him  (which  are  yet 
unknown  to  his  Majejly)  can  be  made  appear  unto 
him  : 

2.  As  foon  as  all  the  Members  of  both  Houfes 
Jhall  be  reftored  to  the  fame  Capacity  of  Jitting  and 
voting  in  Parliament,  as  they  had  upon  the  firjt  of 
January,  1641  ;  the  fame,  of  Right,  belonging  unto 
them  by  their  Birth-rights,  and  the  free  E  left  ion  of 
thofe  that  fent  them ;    and  having  been  voted  from 
them  for  adhering  to  his  Majejly  in  thefe  Diftrac- 
tions  j  his  Majejly  not  intending  that  this  Jhould  ex- 
tend either  to  the  Bifoops,  whofe  Votes  have  been  taken 
away  by  Bill,  or  to  fuch,  in  whofe  Places,  upon  new 
Writs,  new  Eleclions  have  been  made  : 

3.  As  foon  as  his  Majejly,  and  both  Houfes,  may 
le  jecured from  fuch  tumultuous  AJfemblies,  as,  to  the 
great  Breach  of  the  Privileges,  and  the  high  Dif- 
honour  of  Parliaments,  have  formerly  ajfstnbled  about 
both  Houfesj  and  awed  the  Members  of  the  fame ;  and 


222       The  Parliamentary  His  TOR  v 

An.  19.  Car.  l.occajloned  two  fever al  Complaints  from  the  Lord}1 
Houfe,  and  two  fever  al  De  (ires  of  that  Houfe  to  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  to  join  in  a  Declaration  again  ft 
them  ;  the  complying  with  which  Dejire  might  have 
•prevented  all  thefe  miferable  Dijiratfions  which 
have  enfued ;  which  Security,  his  Majefty  conceives, 
can  be  only  fettled  by  adjourning  the  Parliament  to 
fame  other  Place,  at  the  leajl  twenty  Miles  from  Lon- 
don ;  the  Choice  of  which  his  Majefty  leaves  to  both 
Houfe*  : 

His  Majejly  will,  mojl  chearfully  and  readily,  con- 
fent  that  both  Armies  be  immediately  dijbanded,  and 
give  a  prefent  Meeting  to  both  his  Houfes  of  Par- 
llament  at  the  Time  and  Place,  at,  and  to  which, 
the  Parliament  foall  be  agreed  to  be  adjourned :  His 
Majefly  being  mojl  confident  that  the  Law  will  then 
recover  due  Credit  and  Ejiimation ;  and  that  upon 
a  free  Debate,  in  a  full  and  peaceable  Convention  of 
Parliament,  fuch  Provijions  will  be  made  again/} 
feditious  Preaching  and  Printing  again  ft  his  Ma- 
jejly,  and  the  ejlablijhed  Laws,  which  have  been  one 
of  the  chief  Caufes  of  the  prefent  Dijlr  actions  ;  and 
fuch  Care  will  be  taken  concerning  the  legal  and 
known  Rights  of  his  Majejly,  and  the  Property  and 
Liberty  of  his  Subjecls,  that  whatfoever  hath  been 
publijhed  or  done,  in  or  by  Colour  of  any  illegal 
Declaration,  Ordinance,  or  Order  of  one  or  both 
Houfes,  or  any  Committee  of  either  of  them,  and 
particularly  the  Power  to  raife  Arms  without  his 
JMajeJly's  Confent,  will  be  in  fuch  Manner  recalled, 
difclaimed,  and  provided  again/?,  that  no  Seed  wilt 
remain  for  the  like  to  fpring  out  of  for  the  future, 
to  dljlurb  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  and  to  endan- 
ger the  very  Being  of  it.  And  in  fuch  a  Conven- 
tion his  Majefty  is  refolved,  by  his  Readinefs  to  con- 
fent  to  whatfoever  foall  be  proposed  to  him,  by  Bill, 
for  the  real  Good  of  his  Subjecls  (and  partidarly 
for  the  better  Difcovery,  and  fpeedier  Conviction  of 
Recusants ;  for  the  Education  of  the  Children  of 
Papijls  by  Proteftants  in  the  Proieftant  Religion  ; 
for  the  Prevention  of  Prafiices  of  Papijls  againji  the 
State,  and  the  due  Execution  of  tht  Laws,  and  true 

levying 


Of    ENGLAND.       223 

levying  of  the  Penalties  again/}  them)  to  make  known  An.  19.  Car.  I« 

to  ail  the  World^  how  caufelefs  thofe  Fears  and  Jea- 

loufies  have  been,  which  have  been  raifed  againft  him  ; 

and  by  thai  fo  diftracJed  this  miferable  Kingdom. 

And  if  this  Offer  of  his   Majefty  be  not   consented 

to,  (in  vjhich  he  ajks  nothing  for  which  there  is  not 

apparent  'Juftice  on  his  Side,  and  in  which  he  defers 

many    Things    highly    concerning   both    himfelf   and 

People,  till  a  full  and  peaceable  Convention  of  Par- 

liament,  which    in    'Juftice   he  might  now  require) 

his  Majefty  is  confident  that  it  will  then  appear,  to 

all  the  World,  not  only  who  is  mojl  defirous  of  Peace ', 

and  wkofe  Fault  it  is  that  both  Armies  are  not  now 

dijbanded;  but  who  have  been  the  true  and  firjl  Caufe 

that  this  Peace  was  ever  interrupted,  or  thofe  Ar~ 

mies   raifed,  and  the  Beginning  or    Continuance   of 

the  War ;  and  the  Deftruttion  and  Defolation  of 

this  poor  Kingdom  (which  is  too  likely  to    enfue)  will 

not,  by  the  mojl  intereJJed,  paj/ionate,  or  prejudicate 

Perfon,  be  imputed  to  his  Majefly, 

'  To  this  Meflage  the  two  Houfes  returned  no 
Anfwer  to  the  King,  but  required  the  Committee 
to  return  to  tyitftminJJer  (having  been  in  Oxford 
with  his  Majefty  juft  twenty  Days)  with  fuch  po- 
fitive  Circumftances,  that  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
enjoined  their  Members  to  begin  their  Journey  the 
fame  Day,  which  they  obeyed  ;  though  it  was  fo 
late,  that  they  were  forced  to  very  inconvenient  Ac- 
commodations ;  and,  at  their  Return,  fome  of  them 
were  looked  upon  with  great  Jealoufy,  as  Perfons 
engaged  by  the  King,  and  difmclined  to  the  Par- 
liament ;  and  this  Jealoufy  prevailed  fo  far,  that 
Mr.  Martin  opened  a  Letter  from  the  Earl  of 
Northumberland  to  his  own  Lady,  prefuming  he 
fhould  therein  have  difcovered  fome  Combination  ^ 

and  this  Infolence  was  not  difliked.' Thus  far 

the  Noble  Hiftorian. 

The  Proceedings  of  both  Houfes,  in  relation  to 
this  Intercepting  of  the  Karl  of  Northumberland's 
Letter,  will  appear  more  at  large,  from  their  Jour- 
nal;, in  its  proper  Order  of  Time. 

We 


224     *&**  Parliamentary  HISTORY* 

An.  19.  Car.  I.     We  now  proceed  to  give  Mr.  fyiritlocke'*  Ac- 
1643-        count  of  what  pafs'd,  between  the  King  and  the 
<—  •"V'7"J    above-mentioned  Committee  of  Parliament,  at  Ox- 
Apnl-       ford. 

And  Mr.  Whit-*  rT"*HE  King  ufed  the  CommifTioners  with  great 
1 


y  Favou.r   and    C/vility;    ™d    his   General, 

Ruthen,  and  divers  of  his  Lords  and  Officers,  came 
frequently  to  their  Table,  and  they  had  very  friendly 
Difcourfes  and  Treatments  together.  The  King 
himfelf  did  them  the  Honour  fometimes  to  accept 
of  part  of  their  Wine  and  Provifions,  which  the 
Earl  of  Northumberland  fent  to  him,  when  they  had 
any  Thing  extraordinary. 

'  Their  Inftruclions  were  very  ftri&,  and  tied 
them  up  to  treat  with  none  but  the  King  himfelf, 
whom  they  often  attended  at  his  Lodgings  in  Cbrifi- 
Churcb  :  They  had  Accefs  at  all  Times  when  they 
defired  it,  and  were  allowed  by  his  Majefty  a  very 
free  Debate  with  him. 

*  He  had  commonly  waiting  on  him,  when  he 
treated  with  them,  Prince  Rupert,  the  Lord-Keeper 
Littleton,  the  Earl  of  Southampton,  the  Lord  Chief 
Juftice  Banks,  and  feveral  other  Lords  of  his  Coun- 
cil, who  never  debated   any  Matters   with  them  ; 
but  gave  their  Opinions  to  the  King  in  thofe  Things 
which  he  demanded  of  them,  and  fometimes  would 
put  the  King  in  Mind  of  fome  particular  Things  ; 
but  otherwife  they  did  not  fpeak  at  all. 

*  In  this  Treaty  the  King  manifefted  his  great 
Parts  and  Abilities,  Strength  of  Reafon,  and  Quick- 
nefs  of  Apprehenfion,  with  much  Patience  in  hear- 
ing what   was  objected   againft  him  ;  wherein  he 
allowed  all  Freedom,  and  would  himfelf  fum  up  the 
Arguments,  and  give  a  moft  clear  Judgment  upon 
them. 

*  His  Unhappinefs  was,  that   he  had   a   better 
Opinion  of  other  Judgments  than  of  his  own,  tho' 
they  were  weaker  than  his  own  ;  and  of  this   the 
Parliament's  Commifiioners  had  Experience  to  their 
great  Trouble. 

«  They 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        225 

c  They  were  often  waiting  on  the  King,   and  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
debating  feme  Points  of  the  Treaty  with  him  un-         l643- 
till*  Midnight,  before  they  could  conie  to  a  Con-    V""Tv"j"""^- 
clufion.      Upon  one  of  the  moft  material  Points 
they  prefled   his  Majefty  with  their  Reafons,  and 
beft  Arguments  they  could  ufe,  to  grant  what  they 
defircd. 

*  The  King  faid,  *  He  was  fully  fatisfied,  and 
6  promifed  to  give  them  his  Anfwer  in  Writing  ac- 

*  cording  to  their  Defire  ;  but,  becaufe  it  was  then 

*  paft  Midnight,  and  too  late  to  put  it  into  Writing, 

*  he  would  have  it  drawn  up  the  next  Morning 
'  (when  he  commanded  them  to  wait  on  him  again) ; 
'  and  then  he  would  give  them  his  Anfwer  in  Wri- 
'  ting,  as  it  was  now  agreed  upon.' 

*  They  went  to  their  Lodgings    full  of  joyful 
Hopes  to  receive  this  Anfwer  the  next  Morning  j 
and  which,  being  given,  would  have  much  condu- 
ced to  a  happy  liTue  and  Succefs  of  this  Treaty  ; 
and  they  had  the  King's  Word  for  it,  and  they 
waited  on  him  the  next  Morning  at  the  Hour  ap- 
pointed. 

'  But,  inftead  of  that  Anfwer  which  they  expect- 
ed, and  were  promifed,  the  King  gave  them  a  Pa- 
per quite  contrary  to  what  was  concluded  the  Night 
before^  and  very  much  tending  to  the  Breach  of  the 
Treaty.  They  did  humbly  expoftulate  this  with  his 
Majefty,  and  prefled  him  upon  his  Royal  Word, 
and  the  ill  Confequences  which  they  feared  would 
follow  upon  this  his  new  Paper. 

*  But  the  King  told  them,  '  He  had  altered  his 

*  Mind  ;  and  that  this  Paper,  which  he  now-  gave 
'  them,  was  his  Anfwer,  which  he  was  now  refol- 
4  ved  to  make  upon  their  laft  Deba'e  :'  And  they 
could  obtain  no  other  from  him  ;  which  occafioned 
much  Sadnefs  and  Trouble  to  them. 

'  Some  of  his  own  Friends,  of  whom  the  Com- 
miflioners  enquired  touching  this  PaiTage,  informed 
them,  That  after  they  were  gone  from  the  King, 
and  that  his  Council  were  alfo  gone  away,  fome 
of  his  Bed-Chamber  (and  they  went  higher) 
hearing  from  him  what  Anfwer  he  had  promifed, 

VOL.  XII.  P  ani 


226       *Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY" 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  and  doubting  it  would  tend  to  fuch  an  Iflue  of  the 
Treaty  as  they  did  not  wifli,  they  being  rather  for 
the  Continuance  of  the  War,  never  left  preffing 
and  perfuading  of  the  King,  till  they  prevailed  with 
him  to  change  his  former  Refolutions,  and  to  give 
Order  for  his  Anfwer  to  be  drawn  as  it  was  now  de- 
livered. 

«  The  Treaty,  upon  the  King's  Proportions,  as 
well  as  upon  the  Commiffioners,  going  flowly  on, 
and  their  Inlrru&ions  being  ftric"r.,  and  fuch  as  they 
could  not  (hew  to  the  King  when  he  defired  it,  he 
thought  fit,  April  12,  to  fend  a  Meflage  to  the  Par- 
liament during  the  Treaty. 

[Here  follow  the  Heads  of  this  Mejfage,  which 
•we  have  already  given  at  Length,  p.  221.] 

*  This  being  intimated  to  the  Commiffioners,  they 
(TilTuaded  the  fending  of  it,  as  that  which  they  feared 
might  break  off  the  Treaty,  and  the  Improbability 
that  the  Houfes  would  adjourn,  and  leave  the  City 
of  London,  their  beft  Friends  and  Strength,  and  put  a 
Difcontent  upon  them. 

*  Yet  the  King  was  prevailed  with  to  fend  it; 
and,  upon  the  Receipt  of  it  by  the  Houfes,  they 
prefently  refolved  to  call  away  their  Corr.miflioners, 
and   fent  their  Orders    to  them  to  return  to  the 
Parliament,  which  they  obeyed  ;  and  fo  this  Trea- 
ty, having  continued  from  the  4th  of  March  to  the 
1 5th  of  April,  was  now   difiblved,  and    all    their 
Labours  and  Hazards  become  fruitlefs  and  of  no 
Effect;   and  all   good  Englifimen,   Lovers  of  the 
Peace  of  their  Country,  were  troubled  and  difap- 
pointed. 

'  When  they  were  come  to  the  Parliament  they 
.gave  them  a  particular  Account  of  all  their  Negotia- 
tion, wherewith  they  were  fo  well  fatisfied,  that  they 
ordered  the  Thanks  of  the  Houfe  to  be  given  them  ; 
and,  by  Vote,  approved  of  all  their  Proceedings.' 

Thus  much  for  the  fruitlefs  Treaty  of  Oxford  : 
We  now  return  to  the  other  Proceedings  of  both 
Houfes. 

The 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        227 

The  Month  of  Jpril  begins  with  an  Ordinance  An.  19.  Car.  I, 
of  Parliament,  which,  afterwards,  proved  the  moft  l643- 
oppreflive  to  the  Royal  Party  in  the  Kingdom,  of  l-  ~~'~  —f- 
any  Thing  yet  done  by  either  Houfe.  This  was 
the  Ordinance  for  feizing  and  fequeftring  the  Real 
and  Perfonal  Eftates  of  Delinquents.  The  whole  is 
in  Ru/bwortki  except  the  Names  of  the  Sequeftra- 
tors,  which,  probably,  were  omitted  in  thofe  Col- 
lections, to  prevent  giving  Offence  to  particular  Per- 
fons  at  that  Time  :  But  thefe  we  have  fupplied  from 
the  Original  Edition  of  this  Ordinance,  publifhed  by 
the  Authority  of  both  Houfes.  By  this  Lift  the 
Reader  will  fee  who  were  the  Perfons  the  Parliament 
then  nominated  to  be  Sequeftrators  throughout  the 
whole  Kingdom  ;  though  fome  of  them,  there  na- 
med, had  too  much  Regard  for  their  Character,  or 
their  Safety,  to  put  the  Office  in  Execution  ;  and 
others  of  them,  afterwards,  declared  in  Favour  of  the 
King.  The  Lift  runs  thus  : 

BEDFORDSHIRE. 

SI  R  Beauchamp  St.  John  and  Sir  yobn  Burgsyn, Names  of  the 
Baronets  ;  Sir  Thomas  Alfton,  Knt.  and  Bart.  Perfons  appoint- 
fcir  Roger  Burgoyn,  Sir  Oliver  Lnke,  and  Sir  Samuel  f^°^^? 
Luke,  Knights  ;  Thomas  Rolt,  Thomas  Sadler •,  James  fuch  as  a'dhere't* 
Beverley,  Humphry  Monoux,  Edward  OJbcrn,  Ro-  the  King, 
bert  Stanton,  and  Samuel  Brown,  Efquires. 

BEDFORD  Town.  The  Mayor  for  the  Time 
being. 

BERKSHIRE. 

Sir  Francis  Pile,  Bart.  Sir  Francis  Knollis,  jun. 
Knt.  Peregrine  Hobby,  Henry  Martin,  Roger  Knight , 
Henry  Powle,  Thomas  Fettiplace,  and  Tanfield  Va- 
thelly  Efquires, 

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 

Sir  Richard  Ingoldjby,    Knt.    Henry   Bul/lrode, 

Thomas  Tyrrel,  and   Richard  Grenville^  Efquires; 

Sir  Peter  Temple,  Bart.  Sir  Thomas  Sanders,  Knt. 

Anthony  Ratdtffe,  and  Thomas  Wejlall,  Efquires  ; 

Sir  William  Andrews,    Knt.   Bulftrode  Wbitlocke> 

P  2  John 


228       tte  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.John  Hampden,  Arthur  Goodityn,  and  Richard  fPin- 
woodt  Efquires. 

CAMBRIDGESHIRE. 

Sir  Dudley  North,  Sir  John  Cuts,  and  Sir  Tho- 
mas Martin,  Knights ;  Capt.  Symonds ;  Dudley 
Pope,  Efq;  Str  Miles  Sandys,  Knt.  Francis  RuffeU^ 
Oliver  Cromwell,  William  Fijher,  Thomas  Thompfon, 
Thomas  Becket,  Walter  Clapton,  Robert  Caftle,  Tho- 
mas Bendijh,  John  Welbore,  Robert  Clark,  Michael 
Dalton,  jun.  Thomas  Parker,  Thomas  Ducket,  "John 
Hobart, Thomas  Cajlle,  George  Clapthorn,  JohnTowers% 
Edward  Leeds,  and  William  Marjh,  Efquires. 

CAMBRIDGE  Town  and  Univerfity.  The  Mayor 
for  the  Time  being;  Oliver  Cromwell,  'John  Lowry^ 
William  Wetbore,  Talbot  Pepys  Recorder,  John  Sher- 
wood, Samuel  Spaulden,  Thomas  French t  and  Robert 
Robfon,  Efquires. 

CHESHIRE. 

Sir  George  Booth,  Knt.  and  Bart.  Sir  J^ill'tam 
Brereton,  Bart.  T})omas  Stanley,  Henry  Manwaring^ 
Henry  Brook,  John  Bradjhaw,  Robert  Duckenfield^ 
Henry  Vernon>  John  Crewe,  and  William  Marbury^ 
Efquires. 

CHESTER  City.  William  Jounce,  Mayor ;  John 
Alder  fey,  Peter  Leigh,  and  William  Edwards,  Mer- 
chants. 

CORNWALL. 

Sir  Richard  Carew,  Bart.  Francis  Buller,  Alex- 
cnder  Carew,  John  Trefufes,  John  St.  Aubin,  Richard 
Erifey,  JohnAloyle,  Francis  Godolphin  of  Tremomgue^ 
Thomas  Gawen,  John  Carter^  and  Thomas  Arundell^ 
Efquires. 

CUMBERLAND, 

William  Law f on,  William  Brifcoe,  Thomas  Lam- 
77,    Richard  Barwisy    and  John  Barwis,  fen. 


DEVONSHIRE. 

Sir  George  Cbudleigh,  Sir  John  Pool,  and  Sir  John 
Northcote,  Baronets  ;  Sir  Edrr.und  Powell,  Sir  &?- 
muel  Rolle,  Sir  Shiljlon  Calmady,  and  Sir  Nicholas 
Martin,  Knights  i  Sir  Francis  Drake,  Bart.  Ro- 
bert 


Of     ENGLAND.        229 

bert  Savery,  Henry  Walrond,    Francis  Rous,    Ed-  An.  19.  Car.  I, 
mund  Prideaux,  Henry  Wroth,  Hugh  Fortefcue,  Ar- 
thur  Upton,  John  Tea,  William  Frye,  and  George 
Trobridge,  Efquires ;  the  Mayor  of  Plymouth  for  the 
Time  being. 

EXON  City.  Chrijlopher  Clark,  Mayor ;  Richard 
Sanders,  Thomas  CroJJing,  Walter  White,  and  John 
Hakewill,  Aldermen  ;  Barnes  Gould,  Sheriff. 
DERBYSHIRE. 

Sir  John  Curzon,  and  Sir  John  Cell,  Baronets  ; 
Sir  John  Coke,  Knt.  Francis  Revitt,  Nathaniel  Hal- 
/owes,  and  James  Abney,  Efquires. 

DORSETSHIRE. 

Denzill  Holies,  Efq;  Sir  Thomas  Trenchard  and 
Sir  Walter  Erie,  Knights ;  John  Brown,  Thomas 
Tregonall ;  John  Binghnm,  John  Hanham,  John 
Trenchard,  Dennis  Bond,  Richard  Broderope,  Wil- 
liam Savage,  Robert  Butler,  and  William  Sydenbam, 
jun.  Richard  Rofe,  John  Henley,  Thomas  Ceely,  and 
'Thomas  Erie,  Efquires. 

POOL  Town  and  County.  Henry  Martin,  Mayor; 
George  Skut,  William  Skut,  Anthony  Wait,  William 
Williams,  Aaron  Durell,  Richard  Mayer,  and  Havi- 
land  Healy,  Aldermen. 

DORCHESTER  Town.  The  Mayor  for  the  Time 
being  j  Mr.  John  Hill  and  Mr.  Richard  Bury. 
DURHAM. 

Henry  Warmouth,  George  Lilbourn,  Thomas  Mil- 
ford,  Robert  Hntton,  Thomas  Shadforth,  Clement 
Falthrop,  Richard  Lilbourn,  Francis  Wren,  John 
Blakifton,  Henry  Draper,  and  John  Brackenbury, 
Efquires. 

ESSEX. 

Sir  Thomas  Barrington,  Knt.  and  Bart.  Sir  Henry 
MUdmay  of  Wanftead ;  Sir  Martin  Lumley  and  Sir 
Harboitle  Grim/Ion,  Knights  and  Baronets ;  Sir 
Richard  Everard  and  Sir  William  Hicks,  Baronets  ; 
Sir  Thomas  Cheek,  Sir  Henry  Halcroft,  Sir  William 
Rowe,  Sir  Thomas  Honey-wood,  Sir  William  Martin^ 
and  Sir  John  Barrington,  Knights ;  Sir  William  Maf- 
bam,  Bart.  William  Ma /ham,  John  Wright,  Oli- 
P  3  ver 


230       Tht  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  l.ver  Raymond,  Harbottle  Grim/ion,  'John  Sayer, 
John  Burket,  Anthony  Luther ;  Timothy  Middleton, 
Thomas  Coke,  Deane  Tindal,  James  Herne,  Wil- 
liam Goldingham,  John  Atwood,  John  Sarrcll,  Ri- 
chard Harbackenden,  Henry  Wijtiman,  Robert  Smith, 
Robert  Browne,  William  Atwood,  Nathaniel  Bacon, 
'  John  Meade,  Robert  Wtftman  of  Mayland,  Ifaac 

dllen^ Hafely,  Samuel  Friborne,  Peter  Whit- 

combe,  Robert  Young^  Jeremy  Aylet^  William  Col" 
lard,  Robert  Crane,  Robert  Calthrop>  and  Arthur 
Barnardifton,  Efquires. 

COLCHESTER  Town.  The  Mayor  for  the  Time 
being ;  Harbottle  Grimjlon  and  Henry  Barrington, 
Efquires. 

GLOUCESTERSHIRE,  with  the  City  of  Gloucefter 
and  County  thereof. 

Sir  Robert  Cooke,  Knt.  Nathaniel  Stephens,  John 
George,  Edward  Stephens,  and  John  Stephens, 
Efquires  ;  Thomas  Pury,  Alderman  ;  Sir  John  Sey- 
mour, Knt.  Thomas  Hodges  and  John  Coddringtoa^ 
Efquires. 

HEREFORDSHIRE. 

Sir  Rsbert  Harley,  Knight  of  the  Bath  ;  Sir  £/- 
chard  Hopton,  Knt.  Walter  Kirle,  Edward  Broughton, 
and  Henry  Vaughan,  Efquires. 

HEREFORD  City.  Sir  Robert  Harley,  Knight  of 
the  Bath  y    Walter   Kirle,    Richard  Hobjony    John 
Flackei,  and  Henry  Vaughan,  Elquires. 
HERTFORDSHIRE. 

Charles  Lord  Vifcount  Cranborne  ;  Robert  Cecil, 
Efq;  Sir  John  Garrat  and  Sir  John  Reade,  Baronets  ; 
Sir  Thomas  Dacres,  Sir  William  Litton,  and  Sir 
John  Witterong^  Knights;  Richard  Jennings,  Ralph 
Freeman,  William  Lemon,  William  Priejlley,  John 
Heydon,  Alexander  Wild,  Richard  Porter,  and  Adorn 
Washington,  Efquires. 

ST.  ALBAN'S.  The  Mayor  for  the  Time  being  ; 
John  Robotham,  Ralph  Pemberton,  and  Qraveley 
Norton,  Efquires. 

HUNTINGDONSHIRE. 

Sir  Thomas  Cotton,  B.irt.  Sir  John  Hewit,  Knt. 
Qnjlow  Winch)  Terril  Jocelyne,  Thomas  Temple, 

John 


Of   ENGLAND.       231 

John  Co/He,  Oliver  Cromwell,  Abraham  Burwell,  An,  19.  Car.  I. 
Edward  Montague,  and  John  Bulkley,  Efquires.        .J64j* 
KENT.  April. 

Sir  Thomas  Walfingham  and  Sir  Anthony  Weldony 
Knights;  Sir  John  Sidley,  Sir  Edward  Hales,  Sir 
Humphry  Tufton,  and  Sir  Henry  Hcyman,  Knights 
and  Baronets  ;  Sir  Michael  Livefey,  Bart.  Sir  Henry 
Vane,  jun.  Sir  Edward  Scot,  Sir  Edward  Boh,  Sir 
JVtlliam  Brook,  Sir  Peter  Wroth,  Sir  George  Sandys* 
Sir  John  Honeywood,  Sir  James  Oxendcn,  and  Sir  Ri- 
chard HardreJJe,  Knights  ;  Auguftine  Skinner,  Ri- 
chard Lee,  Thomas  Sclliard,  John  Bois,  fen.  Thomas 
Blunt,  and  Samuel  Short,  Efquires. 

CANTERBURY  City.  The  Mayor  for  the  Time 
being  ;  Sir  William  Man,  Knt.  Sir  Edward  Majler? 
Knt.  John  Nutt  and  Thomas  Courthorpe,  Efquires  ; 
Avery  Savine,  Alderman. 

ROCHESTER  City.  The  Mayor  for  the  Time  be- 
ing ;  Sir  Anthony  Weldon,  Sir  William  Brooke,  and 
Sir  Thomas  Walfingham  ;  Richard  Lee,  Efq;  the 
Mayor  of  Tenterden  for  the  Time  being  ;  William 
Bois,  William  James,  Mark  Dixwell,  and  Henry 
Samford,  Efquires. 

LANCASHIRE. 

Sir  Ralph  A/hton  and  Sir  Thomas  Stanley,  Baro- 
nets ;  Ralph  Ajhton  of  Downham,  Ralph  AJhton  of 
Middleton,  Richard  Shuttleworth,  Alexander  Rigby9 
John  Moore,  Richard  Holland,  Edward  Butter- 
worth,  John  Bradjhaw,  William  AJhurft,  Peter  Eger- 
ton,  George  D adding,  Nicholas  Cunliff,  John  Star- 
key,  Thomas  Birch,  and  Thomas  Fell,  Efquires ; 
Robert  Cunlijf,  Robert  Curwen,  and  John  Nowell^ 
Gentlemen. 

LEICESTERSHIRE. 

Henry  Lord  Grey  of  Ruthyn,  Thomas  Lord  Grey 
of  Groby  ;  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge,  Bart.  Sir  Edward 
Hartop  and  Sir  Thomas  Hartop,  Knights  ;  William 
Hewet,  John  Bembridge,  Peter  Temple,  George 
AJhby,  William  Roberts,  Richard  Bent,  Arthur 
Stanley,  William  Danvers,  and  John  Goodmany 
JCfcjuires. 


232      'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.      LEICESTER   Town.    Richard  Ludlam,   Mayor; 
l6*3-        IVUltam  Stanley,  Alderman. 

AprUf  LINCOLNSHIRE. 

.  For  the  Parts  of  Lindfcy.  Sir  John  Wray,  Knt. 
and  Bart.  Sir  Edward  Afcough  and  Sir  Samuel  Old- 
field,  Knights  j  John  Wray,  Willcughby  Hickman^ 
Edward  ifrhichcot,  Edmond  Anderfon,  Edward  Ro- 
fiter,  and  John  Broxholme,  Efquires  ;  Sir  William 
Armyn,  Bart.  Sir  Hamond  Whichcot,  Knt.  Sir  John 
Brownlow  and  Sir  Thomas  Trollop,  Baronets ;  Ths~ 
mas  Hatcher  ;  Sit  Chnjlopher  Wray  ;  Thomas  Gran- 
tham,  Thomas  Lifter,  and  John  Archer ,  Efquires  5 
Sir  William  Brownlow. 

For  the  Parti  of  Holland.  Sir  Anthcny  Irby  ;  Wil- 
liam Ellis  and  John  Harrington,  inquires  ;  the 
A'layor  of  Bjjhn  for  the  Time  being  ;  Thomas  Hall, 
Thomas  Wetb\\  ^nd  Willejby.  Efquires. 

LINCOLN  City  and  the  Clofe.  The  Mayor  for  the 
Time  being  ;  Thomas  Grantham  and  John  Br ox- 
holme,  Efquires  ;  Robert  Moorecroft,  William  Wai' 
font  and  Stephen  Dawfon,  Aldermen. 

MIDDLESEX. 

Sir  Gilbert  Gerrard,  Bart.  Sir  Edward  Barkham^ 
Knt.  and  Bart.  Sir  Richard  Sprignal,  Bart.  Sir  John 
Franklyn,  Sir  John  Hippejley,  Sir  William  Roberts, 
Sir  'fames  Ha>  ringtcn,  anti  Sir  Robert  Wood,  Knights  } 
Lawrence  Whitacre,  Ju/Jinian  Paget,  Willian*  &-jc al- 
low *  John  Huckjley,  Thomas  WiUox,  John  Morris , 
Richard  Button,  and  Jibn  Smith,  Efquires. 

LONDON  City,  and  Jurifdiciion  of  the  Lord  Mayor, 
The  Lord  Mayor  and  the  Aldermen,  Aldermen's 
Deputies,  and  Common  Councilmen  of  the  faid 
City. 

WESTMINSTER  City  and  Liberties.  Sir  Robert 
Pye,  Sir  William  dfnton,  and  Sir  John  Corbet^ 
Knights  ;  John  G!yn,  John  Trenehard,  and  tVil- 
tiam  Wheeler,  Ef quires  ;  John  Brigham,  Gesrge 
BeverhaJJet,  Anthony  Withers,  and  William  Barns^ 

Gendemeni  Jofias  Fendall,  William  Bclly Tuc- 

key 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       233 

%gyy    .-   Colihejler,    and    Stephen    Hig£ans,Aa,  ig  Car.  I. 

Efquires.  l64S- 

NORFOLK  County,  and  City  of  Norwich  with  the        Aprii. 

County  thereof. 

Sir  Thomas  Woodhoufe,  Sir  John  Holland,  Sir 
^o&tf  Poits,  and  Sir  y<J^«  Hobart,  Baronets  ;  Sir 
Miles  Hobart  and  Sir  Thomas  Huggen,  Knights  ; 
'John  Cook)  John  Spelman,  Philip  Beddingfield,  and 
Sa?nuel  Smith,  Efquires  ;  the  Sheriffs  of  Norwich  j 
the  Bailiffs  of  Yarmouth  ;  Thomas  Toll  and  John 
Percival,  of  Lynn  ;  Thomas  Windham,  Francis  Jer- 
my,  Robert  Wood^  Gregory  Caufell,  John  Haughtont 
Thomas  IVeld,  Martin  Sedley,  and  Thomas  Sother- 
ton,  Efquires  ;  Sir  Edmond  Mountford,  Knt.  Wtl-> 
Ham  Revenlngham^  William  Gook^  and  Robert  Richy 
Efquires  ;  Sir  Richard  Berney^  Sir  IJaac  tfjlley,  and 
Sir  John  Palgrave,  Knights  j  Brigg  Fountain  and 
John  Tooly^  Eiquires. 

NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. 
'  Sir  Rowland  St.  John,  Knight  of  the  Bath ;  Sir 
John  Norwich,  Knt.  Sir  Gilbert  Pickering,  Bart. 
Sir  Richard  Samwel,  Knt.  John  Crew,  John  Bar- 
nard,  Edward  Harvey,  Edward  Farmer,  John  Nor- 
ton, and  John  Chappoole,  Efquires  ;  Sir  John  Dry- 
den^  Bart.  Richard  Knightley,  Eiq;  Sir  Chriftopher 
Telverton,  Knt.  and  Bart.  Zouch  Tate,  Philip  Hole- 
?nan,  and  Thomas  Pentlow,  Efquires. 

NORTHAMPTON  Town.  The  Mayor  for  the  Time 
being  j  Thomas  Martin  and  John  Fijher9  Alder- 
men. 

NORTHUMBERLAND. 

Sir  John  Penwick,  Bart.  Sir  Jo.  Delaval,  Knt. 
Thomas  Middleton,  William  Shaftoe,  Michael  Wei- 
den,  and  Henry  Ogle,  Efquires. 

NEWCASTLE  Town.  John  Blakifton,  Efq; 

For  the  Town  of  BERWICK  upon  TWEED.  John 
Sleigh,  Mayor  j  Sir  Robert  Jackfon,  Knt.  Ralph 
Salkeld,  Efq; 

NOTTINGHAMSHIRE. 
Francis  Pier  point,  Efq;  Sir  Francis  Thornehaugh 
3nd    Sir   Thomas    Hutcbinfon,    Knights ;    Francis 

Thorns- 


Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Jofeph  Widmerpoole,  Robert  Reynes, 
>_  Millington,  and  John  Hutchinfon,  Efquires  ; 

April.        Sir  frauds  Molineux,    Knt.    Charles   White    and 
Henry  Ireton,  Efquires. 

NOTTINGHAM  Town  and  County  thereof.  The 
Mayor  for  the  Time  being  ;  James  Chad-wick,  Efcj; 
Huntington  Plumtre,  M.  D.  John  James,  Alder- 
man, and  John  Gregory,  Gent. 

OXFORDSHIRE.  b 
RUTLANDSHIRE. 

Sir  Edward  Harrington,  Knt.  Evers  Armyn,  Ro- 
bert Horfman,  John  OJborne,  Chriftopher  Browne-^ 
Robert  Horfman,  jun.  and  Thomas  Wait*  Efquires. 

SOMERSETSHIRE. 

Sir  John  Homer,  Sir  Thomas  Wroth,  and  Sir 
George  Farwell,  Knights  ;  Clement  Walker,  Alex- 
ander Popham,  William  Strode,  Richard  Cole,  John 
Harrington,  John  Hippejley,  William  Long,  John 
Prefton,  Henry  Henley,  Henry  Stamford,  John  Pymme, 
James  Ajh,  and  John  Aft),  Efquires  j  Roger  Hill, 
George  Serle,  and  Jafper  Chaplyn,  Gentlemen  ;  Ri- 
chard  Capell,  William  Bull,  Robert  Harbin,  John 
Hunt,  and  Robert  Blake,  Efquires  j  the  Mayor  of 
Bridge-water  that  now  is. 

BRISTOL  City.  Richard dldworth,  Mayor;  Jo- 
feph Jackfon,  Hugh  Browne,  Sheriffs  ;  Richard  All- 
worthy,  Alderman ;  Luke  Hodges,  and  Henry  Gibbs. 
SOUTHAMPTON  County,  the  Town  and  County  there- 
of, and  the  Ijle  of  Wijrht. 

Sir  Henry  Worjley  and  Sir  William  Lewis,  Ba- 
ronets ;  Sir  Thomas  Jervois,  Sir  William  Lijle,  Sir 
John  Leigh,  Sir  Henry  Clerke,  Sir  John  Compton, 
and  Sir  Richard  King/mill,  Knights  ;  Robert  Dil- 
lington,  Robert  Wallop,  Richard  Whitehead,  Rich* 
ard  Norton,  John  Doddington,  Richard  Jervois, 
John  Lijle,  John  Button,  Edward  Hooper,  John 
'Bulkley,  Thomas  Clerke,  John  Kemp,  Richard  Ma- 
jor, Francis  St.  Barbe,  Nicholas  Love,  John  Fielder, 

Wll- 

•»  There  are  no  Seqi'.eftrators  nominated  for  this  County: 

As  the  Kins  at  this  Tune  kept  his  Court  at  Oxford,  furrounded  with 
his  Army,  we  prtfamc  the  Parliament  thought  it  to  no  P&rpofc  c« 
appoint  any. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         235 

William  fathers,   Thomas  Chandler,    James  Tutt,  An.  19.  Car.  r. 
John  Pitman,  and    'John  Hooke,    Efquires;    George         1643. 
Gallop  and  E  .ward  Exon,  Aldermen  of  Southamp-    v— v-— ^ 
Ion  ;  and  the  Mayor  of  Winchejler  for  the  Time 
being. 

SUFFOLK. 

Sir  William  Playters,  Knt.  and  Bart.  Sir  Na- 
thaniel Barnardijlon,  Knr.  Sir  William  Spring,  Bart. 
Sir  Roger  North,  Sir  Thomas  Barnardljlon,  Sir  Wil- 
liam Soame,  Sir  John  Wentworth,  and  Sir  Philip 
Parker,  Knights  ;  William  Heveningbam,  Nathaniel 
Bacon  of  Fro/ion,  Nicholas  Bacon,  Maurice  Barrow, 
William  Blois,  Henry  North,  Robert  Breujler, 
Brampton  Gourdon,  Francis  Bacon,  Theophilus 
Vaughan,  of  Beckles,  William  Cage,  William  Rivet 
of  Bilfon,  Edmund  Harvey,  John  Gourdon,  and 
Thomas  Coale,  Efquires  ;  John  BaJJe  and  Francis 
Brewfter,  Gentlemen  ;  the  Bailiffs  of  the  Town  of 
Jpfwich  that  now  are  ;  John  Sicklemer,  Richard. 
Puplet,  and  John  Aldus,  Gentlemen ;  Nathaniel 
Bacon  of  Ipfwich. 

ST.  EDMUND'S  BURY.  Samuel  Moody,  Thomas 

Cole,  Chaplin  ;  the  Bailiffs  of  the  Town  of 

Aldborougb  for  the  Time  being ;  Thomas  Gibbs,  Al- 
derman, and  Thomas  Johnfon. 
SURREY. 

Sir  Richard  Onflow,  Sir  William  Elliot,  and  Sir 
Robert  Parkhurft,  Knights ;  Nicholas  Stoughton, 
George  Evehn  of  Wotton,  Henry  Wejlon,  and  Ar- 
thur Onjlsw,  Efquires  ;  Sir  Ambrofe  Browne,  Bart. 
Sir  Anthony  Vincent,  Knt.  and  Bart.  Sir  John  Dign- 
ley  and  Sir  Matthew  Brand,  Knights  ;  Edward 
Sanders,  Robert  Holman,  Robert  Houghton,  George 
Evelin,  Francis  Drake,  Thomas  Sandys,  George 
Myn,  and  William  Mufcamp,  Efquires  j  Sir  John 
Howland  and  Sir  John  Evelin,  Knights;  Robert 
Goodwin,  George  Fairwell,  and  John  Goodwyn, 
Efquires ;  Richard  Wright  and  Cornelius  Cookey 
Gentlemen. 

SUSSEX. 

Sir  Thomas  Pelham,  Bart.  Anthony  Stapley,  Her- 
bert Morley,  Thomas  Whit  field,  John  Baker,  and 

Her- 


236     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Aa.  19.  Car.  I. Herbert  Hay,  Efquires  j  Herbert  Springate  of  the 
Brcyle,  Ralph  Cooper ,  Hall  Ravenfcroft,  Edward 
"Apjley,  'John  Downes,  William  Cawley,  Edward 
Higgcns,  Thomas  Chute,  George  Oglandcr,  George 
Simpfon,  John  Bujbridge,  Thomas  Middleton,  and 
James  ^Temple,  Efquires  j  Captains  Thomas,  Collins, 
Car  let  on,  and  Ever  ton. 

SALOP. 

Sir  John  Corbet,  Knt.  William  Pierpoint,  Richard 
fyloore,  Thomas  Witton,  Thomas  Nichols,  Humphry 
Mackworth,  Andrew  Lloyd  of  djlon,  Lancelot,  Lee% 
fhomas  Hunt,  and  John  Corbet^  Efquires. 

STAFFORDSHIRE. 

Sir  Richard  Skeffington,  Knt.  Richard  Pyott,  Mi- 
chael Rydfflpb,  Edward  Manwaring^  Matthew  Mor- 
ton, "John  Birch,  Ralph  Rudyard,  Michael  Lowe^ 
Michael  Noble,  and  Edward  Leigh,  Efquires  ;  Sir 
Walter  Wrotejley,  Sir  Edward  Littleton,  and  Sir  Ed- 
ward Brcrcton,  Baronets. 

LITCHFIELD  City.  The  Bailiffs  and  the  Sheriff 
of  the  faid  City  for  the  Time  being  ;  Michael  Noble r, 
Richard  Draffgate,  Richard  Baxter,  and  Thomas 
Burnes,  Gentlemen. 

WA  R  W  I  C  K  S  H  I  R  E. 

The  now  Mayor  of  the  City  of  Coventry ;  Sir 
Peter  Wentwarth,  Knight  of  the  Bath  ;  Sir  Edward 
Peyti,  Knt.  John  Hales,  Godfrey  Bofwell,  John 
Barker,  William  Purefoy,  dnlhony  Stau^hton^  George 
Abbot,  Thomas  Boughton,  William  Colemore,  Thomas 
Bafnet,  William  Jeflon,  Gamaliel  Purefoy,  and  Tho- 
mas WiUoughby,  Efquires. 

COVENTRY  City  and  County  thereof.  John  Barker t 
Jfaac  Bromich,  and  Robert  Philips,  Efquires. 
WILTSHIRE. 

Denzil  Holies,  Efq;  Sir  Edward  Hungerford, 
Sir  Edward  Baynton,  Sir  Nevil  Poole,  and  Sir  John 
Evelyn,  Kniphts ;  Edtvard Baynton,  EdwardTucker, 
William  Wheeler,  Edward  Goddard,  Alexander 
Thiftlethwait,  jun.  John  White,  Edward  Poole, 
Thomas  Alscre,  Jahn  Ajht  and  Robert  Jennour, 
Efquires. 

WEST- 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        237 

WESTMORELAND. 

Sir  Henry  Bellingham,  Knt.  and  Bart.  George  Gil-  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
pin,  Edward  Wilfon,  Nicholas  Fijher,  Thomas  Sled- 
dall,    Rowland  Dawfon,    and    Allan    Bellingham^ 
Efquires ;    Roger  Bateman,   Richard  Branthwaite, 
Robert  Phillipfon,  and  Jervafe  Ben/on,  Gentlemen. 

WORCESTERSHIRE: 

John  Wilde  and  Richard  Crefwell,  Serjeants  at 
Law  ;    Humphry  Sallway^    Edward  Dignley,  Ed- 
•ward  Pit,  Thomas  Greves,  and  William 
Efquires. 

YORKSHIRE. 

Eaft- Riding.  Ferdinando  Lord  Fairfax', 
Hotham,  Knt.  and  Bart.  Sir  William  Strickland^ 
Bart.  Sir  Philip  Stapylton  and  Sir  Thomas  Rymingtan, 
Knights  ;  Richard  Rymington,  John  Hotbam,  John 
Anlaby,  Richard  Darley,  Henry  Darleyy  and  John 
Allured^  Efquires. 

North -Rid  ing.  Ferdinando  Lord  Fairfax ;  Sir 
Hugh  Cholmley^  Sir  Henry  Foulis,  Sir  Thomas  Nor- 
diffe,  and  Sir  Matthew  Boynton^  Barts.  Sir  William 
Sheffield,  Knt.  John  Hot  ham,  Bryan  Stapylton,  Henry 
Darley,  Henry  Anderfon,  John  Wajlell,  Chri/lophcr 
Percey,  George  Trotter,  Matthew  Smelt,  John  Le- 
gard  de  Maltony  Francis  Lafcelles,  Geoffrey  Gate, 
John  Dent,  Thomas  Robinfon,  Francis  Boyntony  and 
ChriJIopher  Waters,  Efquires. 

Weft- Riding.     Ferdinando   Lord   Fairfax  ; 
Thomas  Maleverer,  Bart.  Sir  William  Lifter, 
Edward  Rhodes,    Sir  William  Fairfax,    Sir 
Savile,  and  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  Knights  ; 
Hotham,  Charles  Fairfax,  Henry  Arthington, 
Farrer,  William  White,  Thomas  Maleverer,  George 
Alarwood,    John  Robinfon,  Thomas  Stockdale,  Tho- 
mas Wejlby,  John  Bright,  Thomas  Bofeville,  God- 
frey Bofeville,  and  John  Ellis,  Efquires  ;  and  Capt. 
Edward  Briggs. 

YORK  City.  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  and  Sir  Thomas 
Widdringion,  Knights ;  Thomas  Hodgfon,  James 
Hutchinfon,  and  John  Faux,  Aldermen ;'  Sir  William 
4llanfont  and  Thomas  Hoylts 

Tewu 


238      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.      Town   of    KINGSTON    upon    HULL    and   County 

l^4ll     .  thereof.  Sir   John  Hotham,  Knt.   and  Bart.  Thomas 

April.        Raikesy   Mayor  ;  John  Hotham  and  Peregrine  Pel- 

haniy    Efquires  j    Lancelot   Ropery    John   Bernard, 

Jcjhua  Rally  Nicholas  Denman,  and  wiUiarb  Fapple, 

Gentlemen. 

Sir  Hugh  CM*.  April  3.  A  Letter  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
ley  defots  the  from  Sir  John  Hothaniy  was  read,  intimating,  That 
•ament.  ^  Hugh  cbolmley*  Governor  of  Scarbrough  Cattle, 
had  deferted  the  Parliament ;  but  that,  by  his  Di- 
rections, the  Caftle  was  regained  by  Capt.  Bufoel', 
on  which  the  Houfe  immediately  expelled  Sir  Hugby 
anddifabled  him  from  ever  fitting  as  a  Member  there  ; 
and  ordered  that  he  fhould  be  impeached  of  High 
Treafon,  for  falfly  and  perfidioufly  betraying  the 
Truft  repofed  in  him  by  the  Parliament,  fallifying 
his  Proteftation,  and  revolting  to  the  Popifh  Army 
raifed  againft  the  Parliament. 

Nothing  clfe  occurring  in  the  'Journals  from  this 
Time  worth  Notice,  except  the  foregoing,  we  (hall 
pafs  on  to  the  i8th  of  this  Month  j  when  the  Par- 
liament's Conrtmiffioners    being  all    returned,    the 
.Earl  of  Northumberland  had  the  public  Thanks  of 
the  Houfe  of  Lords  given  him  for  his  prudent  Ma- 
nagement in  that   Bufmefs.      Lord   Clarendon,    in 
his  Account  of  the  Treaty  before  given,  has  hinted, 
that  this  Nobleman  was  one  of  theSufpeded  amongft 
the   Commiilioners,    as   too   much  favouring   the 
Royal  Caufe  ;  and  that  Mr.  Martin,  one  of  the 
The/Ear,1  ?f  /  Committee   of  Safety  at  Weftminjlery    had  open- 
hwingcaneVMr.^    a  Letter  from   the  Earl,    at   Oxfordy    to  his 
Mamn  for  open-  Lady.     We  find,    by  the  Journals,  that  this  Af- 
ing  a  Letter  offajr  was  highly  reiented  by  his  Lordftiip  ;  who,  at 
8>  his  Return,  meeting  Mr.  Martin  at  a  Conference 

in  the  Painted-Chamber,  took  him  afule  and  que- 
ftioned  him  upon  it ;  but  Mr.  Martin] unifying  what 
he  had  done,  the  Earl  caned  him  in  the  Prefence 
.  of  feveral  Perfons  Mr.  Martin  complained  of  this 
to  the  Houfe  of  Commons ,  which  produced  the 

follow- 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       239 

following  Meflage  to  the  Lords,  brought  up  by  Mr.  An.  19.  Car,  !• 
Glynne,  who  faid,  ^     ' 

«  He  was  commanded  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons  ^Jjjj,  ' 
to  tell  their  Lordftiips,  that  they  had  always  been 
very  tender  of  their  Lordfhips'  Privileges,  and  very 
defirous  of  the  Continuance  of  a  fair  Agreement 
between  both  Houfes  ;  and  they  were  very  con- 
fident that  their  Lordfhips  would  be  as  tender  of 
the  Privileges  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons.  That 
they  were  informed,  That,  this  Day,  Mr.  Mar- 
tin,  a  Member  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  ap- 
pointed by  them  to  be  one  of  the  Managers  at  a 
Conference,  as  he  was  returning  from  it,  (as  the 
Members  ought  to  do  without  any  Hindrance  or 
Violence)  was  afiaulted  in  the  Painted-Chamber 
by  a  Peer  of  great  Worth,  the  Earl  of  Northumber- 
land ;  which  they  held  to  be  a  Breach  of  the  Privi- 
lege of  Parliament :  And  for  this,  he  faid,  he  was 
commanded  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons  to  defire 
Reparation.' 

The  Earl  being  then  in  the  Houfe,  flood  up  and  A  Conference  it 
faid,  «  That  he  fubmitted  himfelf  to  their  l^"*f£ 
(hips'  Judgment  in  this  Bufinefs ;  but  defired  them  to  privilege, 
take  his  Cafe  firft  into  Confederation,  and  to  get  Re- 
paration for  the  great  Breach  of  Privilege  done  to  the 
Houfe  of  Lords,  and  the  Injury  to  himfelf,  by  Mr. 
Martin,  in  opening  his  Lordftiip's  Letter  fent  from 
Oxford,  without  any  Authority  ;  he  being  a  Peer  of 
that  Houfe,  and  then  employed  by  it  as  one  of  the 
Committee  to  treat  with  his  Majefly  about  the  Af- 
fairs of  the  Kingdom.' 

All  the  Anfwer  the  Lords  gave  to  this  MefTage 
from  the  Commons,  at  firft,  was,  That  they  would 
fend  one  by  Meflengers  of  their  own.  They  then 
took  into  Confideration  the  Fact  done  by  Mr.  Mar- 
tin, in  opening  the  Earl's  Letter  without  any  Au- 
thority :  And  confidering  the  Earl  of  Northumber- 
land as  a  Member  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  as  a 
Perfon  of  that  Capacity  he  was  in  when  the  Faci 
was  committed,  being  employed  by  their  Houfe  to 
treat  with  his  Majefty  about  the  great  Affairs  of  the 

King- 


240       The  Parliamentary  His  TORT 

19.  Car.  I.  Kingdom,  they  conceived  the  Matter  to  be  a  great 
— 4  -Breach  and  Violation  of  the  Privileges  of  their  Houfe; 

ant*  *£  was  re^ve<^  to  have  a  Conference  with  the 
Commons,  the  next  Morning,  concerning  their 
Privileges,  and  to  give  them  a  Narration  jof  the 
whole  Bufmefs  ;  and  a  MelTage  was  fern  down  ac- 
cordingly. But  though  we  arc  told,  by  the  Lords 
Journals,  that  a  Conference  was  held  the  next  Day, 
and  a  Narration  of  the  Fa£t  made  by  their  Lordfhips  -t 
yet  it  is  not  entered  in  either  Journal,  nor  is  there 
any  more  faid  about  this  Bufinefs.  c 

April  21.  Mr.  Martin  had  dropp'd  fome  Ex- 
prefSons,  at  a  Conference,  the  Day  before,  which 
the  Lords  refented  :  It  feems  that  Houfe  was  not 
fo  forward  in  palling  Ordinances  for  feizing  the 
Eftates  of  Delinquents,  as  the  other ;  and,  this 
Day,  the  Lords  making  fome  Objections  to  an 
Ordinance  of  that  Sort,  they  recollected  that  Mr. 
Martin  faid, 

'  I  have  Something  to  deliver  to  your  Lordfhips 
in  the  Behalf  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons.  It  is 
true,  my  Lords,  there  are  fome  Privileges  be- 
lonsing  to  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  and  others  to 
the  Houfe  of  Commons ;  and  this  of  railing 
Monies  you  have  ever,  folely,  attributed  to  them  ; 
fo  as  your  Lordmips  have  never  rcfufed  to  join 
•with  them,  when  they  have  brought  up  any  Thing 
that  concerns  the  raifing  of  Money  :  And,  there- 
fore, they  expect  you  would  not  now  refufe  to  pafs 
this  Ordinance  without  giving  them  fome  very  good 
Reafons  for  it. 

The  Lords  debated  this  Matter  for  fome  Time, 
and  afterwards  appointed  a  Committee  of  ten  Lords 
to  confiderof  a  fit  Way  how  to  vindicate  the  Privi- 
lege of  their  Houfe,  in  this  Particular  :  But  it  is 
probable  this  Matter  was  dropp'd  as  the  former,  for 
we  find  nothing  more  of  it  in  the  Journals. 

This 

«  It  is  probable  the  Affair  was  privately  made  up,  and  that  Nfr. 
Martin  was  prevailed  upon  to  give  Satisfaction  to  the  Earl,  rather 
thaa  diioblige  a  Man  of  fuch  Contequcnce  to  the  whole  Party. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        241 

The  Civil  War  now  breaking  out  again,  with  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
frefh  Fury,  in    moft   Parts   of  the   Nation,  there        l643- 
are  few  Proceedings  in  the  Journals  of  either  Houfe    *"" TVT""J- 
•worth  Notice,  in  this  Month,  which  are  not  re- 
lative thereto.     We  lhall  not  enter  into  a  Defcrip- 
tion  of  the  Battles,  Sieges,  Skirmifhes,    or  other 
Military  Tranfactions  of  thefe  Times,  any  further 
than  giving  the  Letters  of  Intelligence,  which  both 
Houfes   received  from  their  Generals   in  different 
Parts.    Thefe  being  moft  unqueftionably  authentic, 
and  very  few  of  them  ever  printed,  highly  deferve 
the  Public  Attention  ;  as  either  confirming,  or  fet- 
ting  afide,  the  Accounts  given  by  later  Hiftorians. 

April  25.  A  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Effex,  who 
then  lay  before  Reading  with  his  whole  Army,  was 
read,  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  addrefled  to  their 
Speaker,  in  thefe  Words  : 

My  Lord, 

T  Hold  it  my  Duty  to  acquaint  the  Parliament  with  The  Earl  of  £/- 
•*  fome  Pajfages  that  happened  Yejierday  Morning  ffx>s  I^te^ftom 
and  this  lajl  Night.  In  the  Morning,  about  Two  of  orc 
the  Clock,  Captain  Kerr,  that  commands  Sir  Wil- 
liam Balfour'j  Troop,  with  two  Troops  more,  being 
upon  the  Guard  at  Caverfham,  to  take  Care  that  no 
Provifions  Jhould  be  put  into  the  Town,  the  General 
Ruthen,  with  about  1500  Horfe  and  Dragoons y 
namely,  feven  Regiments  of  Horfe  and  two  or  three 
hundred  Dragoons,  fur  prized  two  Centinels ;  but,  ha- 
ving the  Alarm,  our  Troops  charged  with  forty  Horfe9 
and  fo  retreated  to  Colonel  Berkeley'*  Regiment  that 
was  drawn  over  the  Bridge.  The  Enemy  charging^ 
the  Mufqueteers  gave  Fire,  and  attacked  Colonel  Hoi- 
born  with  his  Mufqueteers  fo  refolutely,  that  they 
wheeled  about  and  went  away,  otcr  few  Horfe  follow- 
ing them  three  Miles.  Their  Intention  was  to  put 
forty  Barrels  of  Powder  into  the  Town. 

That  Evening  I  fent  out  Colonel  Middleton  and 
Colonel   Meldrum    with   their  Horfe,    and  Colonel 
Milne  with  four  Troops  of  his  Dragoons,  to  find  out  the 
Enemy.  They  Jell  in  with  them  about  Eleven  at  Night, 
Q  at 


nemy.  They  fell 
VOL.  XII. 


242       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

'An.  T^  Car.  l. at  Dorchefter,  where  the  Lift-Guard  of  Foot  lay, 
1643.        and  the  King's  Standard,  which  they  knew  not  of  till 
k«  ^^»  nJ  afterwards. 

April.  y  tj}e  Soldiers  could  have  been  kept  from  Plun- 

dering^ they  might  have  done  much  more ;  but  there 
being  fsur  Troops  of  Horfe  there,  beftdes  a  Regiment 
of 'Foot ;  and  being  in  Danger  of  having  the  Commu- 
nication with  Wallingford  cut  off"  between  them  and 
its,  they  only  routed  mcji  of  that  Regiment,  took  the 
Captain  and  Lieutenant  of  th:  Life-Guard,  another 
Lieutenant^  two  of  the  King's  Harbingers,  one  Cornet , 
which  they  fay  was  Sir  Thomas  AftonV,  and  40 
other  Prisoners,  with  150  Horfe. 

The  King  draws  together  all  his  Forces,  Prince 
Maurice  being  come,  and  Prince  Rupert  hourly  ex~ 
pefted  at  Brill,  and  is  inarching  this  Way  ;  fo  that 
Vbe  expeft  this  Night,  or  Tuefday  Night  which  we 
rather  conjecture,  all  their  Forces  to  fall  upon  us  : 
Bejides,  Proclamations  are  fent  out  to  raije  all  the 
Country  from  Jixteen  to  fixty  ;  which,  if  the  Parlia- 
ment had  Jent  out  in  that  Kind,  it  would  well  have 
jlrtngthened  their  Army. 

We  doubt  not  but  that  God,  which  bath  Jhewed  us 
Co  tnany  Blejjings  hitherto,  will  protect  us  cut  of  thefe 
Storms  that  threaten  us.  We,  that  ferve  you,  arc 
In  a  hard  Condition,  lojing  all  our  Fortunes ;  and 
thof«  that  are  violent  ejl  again  ft  the  Parliament,  have 
their  EJlates  protected ;  if  the  Army  be  well  paid, 
it  is  no  Matter ;  if  not,  it  mujl  break  ;  which  I 
think,  for  the  Nwi.ber,  is  the  brave  ft  Army  in  Chri- 
ftewdom.  I  believe  that  the  Time  is  thought  long 
that  Reading  holds  yet  out.  I  ajjure  you  it  is  a  very 
Jlrong  fortified  Town,  all  pallijadoed,  and  Jlrong  in 
Out- Works. 

1  am  very  loth  to  venture  the  Soldiers  upon  fuch 
Work,  it  being  probable  that  many  may  be  lojl  in 
jlarming  ;  and,  now  especially,  it  were  our  great 
Hazard,  the  Enemy  being  fo  near,  and  we  mujl  be 
in  aPojiure  to  fight.  But  I  doubt  not,  by  God's 
Elcjjtng,  I  fliall  gire  a  good  Account  of  this  great 
Bujinefs.  Sir  William  Waller  doth  not  come  to 
mt  according  to  my  ILxpcffation  and  Order,  though 

Prince 


Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        243 

Prince  Maurice  be  come  from  him,  and  turned  upon  An,  T9>  Car>  ^ 
me ;  fo  that  I  have  now  all  the  King's  Forces  to  deal        1643. 
with,  both  ^uitbout  and  within  the  Town,  without  the  \      -*      -J 
JJJiJlance  which  I  had  Reafon  to  look  for.  AprU> 

Your  Lordfhip's 

From  before  Reading, 

-April 24,! 643.  Humble  Servant, 

ESSEX. 

The  fame  Day  the  Commons,  at  a  Conference, 
communicated  a  Letter,  which  they  had  drawn  up 
to  be  fent  to  the  Lord  Fairfax,  in  the  North,  to 
which  they  defired  their  Lordlhips  Concurrence  j 
which  was  as  follows  : 

My  Lord, 

rOUR  Letter  of  the  ijtb  of  April  hath  been  A  Letter  of  En*. 
imparted  to   both  Houfes  of  Parliament,   twfo  """f1?"'  , 

,      ,       '  ,    ,  i     J          t  t  i  from  bothHoufes 

hath  commanded  us  to  let  you  know,  that  they  do  to  Lord  Fairfax* 
join  with  you  in  their  Thanks  to  God,  who  hath 
hitherto  preferved  you  and  thofe  fmall  Forces  from 
the  Power  and  Violence  of  fuch  a  Multitude  of  ma- 
licious and  devouring  Enemies  ;  and,  by  your  Meansy 
hath  kept  feme  Part  of  that  Country  from  their  Fury 
and  Rapine. 

They  would  have  you  reft  ajjured,  that  they  do 
very  much  value  your  Merit,  Induftry,  and  Courage 
exprejfed  in  fo  many  great  Services  ;  and  that  they 
cannot  manifeft  it  in  fo  plentiful  Supplies  of  Mo- 
ney, Men,  and  Ammunition,  as  they  would,  and  as 
the  Danger,  NeceJJity,  and  Importance  of  thofe  Parts 
do  require ;  which  they  defire  you  to  believe  nit  to 
•proceed  from  any  NeglecJ  of  that  County,  which  they 
acknowledge  to  have  contributed  as  much  to  the  Sup- 
port of  the  Common  Caufe  as  any  County  in  the  King- 
dom, and  have  borne  as  great  Burden  of  the  Public 
Miferies. 

The  true  Reafon  is,  That,  in  this  general  Com- 

lufticn  cf  the  Kingdom,    the  Contribution  of  mo  ft 

Counties  are  consumed  in  their  own  Defence ;   and 

the  City  hath  been  fo  extremely  exhaujledy  that  it  can 

CL  2  hardly 


244       ^v  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  1.  hardly  fupport  the  Lord-General's  Army,  unto  which 
a  great  Arrcar  remains  unpaid,  both  for  Pay  and 
SuPPfy  °f  the  Magazine  :  Yet,  in  this  great  Dif- 
ficulty^ they  have  taken  Care  to  ajjift  you  both  with 
Men,  Money,  and  Munition  ;  and  have  ej'pecially 
recommended  it  to  the  Committee  of  Lords  and  Com~ 
mons,  both  to  procure  fuch  a  Proportion  of  all,  as  the 
Affairs  and  Necejffity  of  the  State  can  afford,  and  to 
dispatch  them  to  you  with  as  much  Expedition  as  may 
be. 

Your  Lord/hip  is  defired  to  tell  Sir  Thomas  Fair- 
fax, your  Son,  and  the  reft  of  your  Commanders,  that 
their  Courage  and  Conftancy  are  very  much  approved 
t>y  both  Houfes  ;  and  that  they  will  endeavour  to  find 
fame  Opportunity  of  a  more  real  and  advantageous 
Expreffion  of  the  Efteem  they  have  of  their  Service  ; 
and  likewife  to  publijh  ts  all  the  Soldiers^  that  the 
Lords  and  Commons  will  not  forget  what  they  have 
done  and  endured  for  the  Public  Defence  of  Religion^ 
and  of  the  Kingdom  ;  or  omit  any  Occafton  of  giving 
them  all  due  Encouragement  to  continue  their  Faithful- 
nefs  in  this  Service  for  the  future,  and  a  juft  Reccm- 
fence  for  that  which  is  pajl.  Other  Particulars  Jhall 
be  communicated  to  you  by  your  Agent,  Mr.  White. 

This  is  all  we  have  now  received  in  Command ;  we 
Jhatt  add  nothing  of  our  own,  but  our  hearty  Prayers 
for  the  Continuance  of  God's  Protection  and  Eleffmg 
to  you,  and  the  affectionate  RefpecJs  of 

Your  Lordfhip's 

WfftmiJifter,  April  25, 

1643.  tnends  and  Servants, 

MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers 
pro  Tempore, 

WILLIAM  LENTHALL, 

Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons in  Parliament. 

The  Palatine  Family  has  been  long  laid  afide 
in  thele  Memoirs,  the  Parliament,  during  thefe 

Troubles, 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       245 

Troubles,  taking  very  little  Notice  of  them  :  And  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
the  two  Princes  of  that  Houfe,  Rupert  and  Mau-  l643- 
rice,  acting  at  this  Time  as  principal  Command- 
ers  in  the  King's  Army,  the  Commons  were  much 
enraged  againft  them.  Some  Letters  had  alfo  been 
intercepted  by  the  Parliament  from  the  Queen  of 
Bohemia  to  the  King  her  Brother,  and  to  her  Sons ; 
which  that  Princefs  was  afraid  would  have  fo  far 
exafperated  them  againft  her,  as  to  deprive  her  of 
that  fmall  Allowance,  for  a  Crown'd  Head,  which 
the  Parliament  had  made  her,  and  was  then  almoft 
her  only  Support.  To  take  ofF  therefore  any  evil 
Notions  they  might  have  inculcated  againft  her 
by  thefe  Letters,  the  Queen  wrote  the  following 
artful  one  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons ;  which,  be- 
ing a  Singularity  in  its  Kind,  well  deferves  our  No- 
tice. It  was  directed  to  the  Speaker,  and  was  in 
thefe  Words : 

S  I  R, 

T  TAving  under/load,  by  imperfeff  Reports  y  of  the The  Queen  of 
•*•*    Interception  of  feme  Letters,    which  1  wrote  Bohemia'*  Letter 
occafionally  to   the  King  and  my  Sons,    whereat  tbe^g*^0* 
Parliament  had  taken  Offence,  I  cannot  be  at  Reji  Common*. 
'//'//  /  have  endeavoured  to  remove  all  fuch  Impref- 
fions    as  might  deprive   me  ef  their  good  Opinion^ 
zuhich   1  fo  truly  value,    and  have  ever  found  fa- 
vourable in  my  Behalf.     I  would  therefore  in  treat 
you  to  acquaint  the  Honourable  Houfe  of  Commons^ 
whereof  you  are  Speaker,    that  albeit   I  cannot  at 
prefent  remember  what  1  then  particularly  wrote^  yet 
if  any  Thing  did,  perchance,  Jlip  from  my  Pen,  in 
the  private  Relation  between  a  Mother  and  a  Son9 
which  might  give  them  the  leajl  Dijlajie,  1  intreat 
them  to  make  no  worfe  Conjiruftion  of  it  than  was 
by  me  intended ;  having  never  admitted  of  any  Thought 
or  Refolutions,    which    hath    not   been  fmcere    and 
(cnjiant  to  the  Public  Peace  and  Profperity  of  the 
Jiingdom. 

With  this  Profejjion  I  defire  the  Honourable  Houfe 
to  rej}  fatisfied ;  that  I  may  Jland  as  upright  in  their 
0.3 


246      Tlye  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  l.Judgments  as  I  am  in  my  own  dffeftions  ;  and  that 

l643-        thereupon,  confidenng  the  Dijlreft  whereunto  I  am 

V"""V"T""J    brought  by  the  Wrongs  and  Opprejfion  of  mine  Enemies , 

they  vu:uld  give  them  Occafion  to  rejoice  by  flopping  thofe 

necejjary  Supplies ,  which,  by  the  Love  of  the  King  ;/;y 

Father,  and  the  King  my  Brother,  1  have  hitherto 

enjoyed,  and  without  which  1  have  no  other  Subjiftence 

in  this  World. 

I  do  therefore  intreat  the  Honourable  Houfe  to  take 
my  prejfing  JVants  into  their  kind  Confederation,  and 
give  fuch  fpeedy  Order  for  my  Relief,  that  I  may  be 
kept  from  Inconvenience  in  a  foreign  Country. 

Sir,  I  crave  your  Favour  in  representing  hereof ", 
and  I  Jhall  ever  remain 

Your  moft  afTured  Friend, 
Ha^pri,  ,3,  ELIZABETH. 

After  this  Letter  was  read,  it  was  ordered  to  be 
entered  in  the  Journals  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons, to  be  confidered  of  on  Thurftay  Morning 
next,  this  Day  being  Tuefday\  and  the  Speaker 
directed  to  put  the  Houfe  in  Mind  of  it.  But  we 
find  no  farther  Mention  of  it,  neither  on  that  Day, 
nor  any  fucceeding. 

April  27.  The  Houfe  of  Commons  finding  that 
their  Armies  were  in  great  Want  of  Pay,  they  had 
a  Conference  with  the  Lords  about  it  j  in  which 
they  offered  the  following  Proportions  : 

A  Conference  on  Fi>Ji,  •  On  ao~'  unt  of  the  Lo-d-General's  Let- 
thc  Means  for  ter,  they  confide  -a  that  >iis  Eftate  was  all  feque- 
<s  ^ret*  a  feized  upon,  whereby  he  was  utterly  un- 
$  able  to  bear  the  Charge  now  laid  upon  him ;  therefore 
the  Commons  defired  the  Lords  to  expedite  the  Or- 
der, formerly  fent  to  them,  for  to  put  the  Lord- 
General  into  Poflefiion  of  the  Lord  Capers  Eftate. 

*  In  the  fame  Letter  they  took  Notice,  that  the 
Army  was  in  Danger  to  difband,  unlefs  Care  be 
taken  to  fupply  it  with  Money  ;  therefore  the  Com- 
mons defired  their  Lordfhips  to  join  with  them  in 

fending 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        247 

jending  a  feledr.  Committee  of  both  Houfes  to  the  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
City  of  London,  this  Morning,  to  communicate  the  l643« 
Lord-General's  Letter  to  them,  except  that  Part  of  ~-~  — ' 
it  concerning  Sir  William.  Waller  and  Delinquents' 
Eftates  ;  and  to  offer  to  them  personal  Security,  of 
the  Members  of  both  Houfes,  to  raife  a  confiderable 
Sum  of  Aloney  for  the  Relief  of  the  Army  :  Like- 
wife  to  return  the  Common  Council  Thanks  for 
the  procuring  of  the  late  Sum  of  44,000 /.  Alfo 
*  To  let  them  know,  that  the  King  is  now  draw- 
ing his  Forces  into  the  Field,  and  has  made  Pro- 
clamation for  all,  from  fixteen  to  fixty,  to  come  in 
to  his  Affiftance  ;  therefore  to  defire  the  City  to  get 
their  Forces  in  Readinefs  to  defend  it,  the  adjacent 
Counties,  and  the  Lord-General,  if  there  be  Oc- 
cafion.  And 

'  To  defire  the  City  to  colled},  fpeedily,  the  Mo- 
ney that  is  behind  on  the  Weekly  Aflerfment ;  and, 
fince  the  Burdens  of  voluntary  Contributions  are 
very  great,  and  divers  rich  Men  have  done  nothing 
in  the  Counties,  the  Houfe  of  Commons  defired 
their  Lordfhips  to  pafs  the  Ordinance  for  feizing 
the  Twentieth  Part  of  the  Malignants'  Eftates  in 
the  Country,  which  would  fpeedily  bring  in  a  con- 
fiderable Sum.' 

The  Lords  agreed  to  fend  a  Committee  of  both 
Houfes  into  the  City,  upon  the  Particulars  afore- 
mentioned j  but  they  objected  againft  enjoining 
any  Lords  to  give  their  perfonal  Securities  for  the 
procuring  of  Money,  and  left  every  Lord  to  do 
therein  as  he  pleafed.  And  as  to  the  Ordinance 
for  fequeftring  all  the  Lord  Capet's,  and  that  for 
the  Twentieth  Part  of  Malignants'  Eftates,  the 
Lords  would  take  them  into  their  Confideration. 
The  Earls  of  Eollngbroke  a,  Manchejler  b,  and  Rut- 
land %  were  nominated,  by  the  Lords,  to  vifit  the 
City. 

dpril  29,  Many  Judgments  of  Sequeftration 
againft  Clergymen  from  their  Livings,  with  the 

Addition 

a  Oliver  St.  Jobn,     b  Edward  Montague,    «  J<&n  Maanen, 


248       Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  Addition  of  Imprifonment  to  their  Perfons,  for 
preaching  againft  the  Proceedings  of  the  Parlia- 
ment,  are  entered  in  both  "Journals  about  this 
Time.  And, 

This  Day,  a  Meflage  was  brought  up  from  the 
Commons,  importing,  That  whereas  it  had  pleafed 
God  to  give  the  Lord-General  good  Succefs  in  the 

A  Thankfgivlngtaking  of  Rea!Hng  wjth  fo  little  Blood,  the  Com- 
"  '°  mons  had  voted  to  have  public  Thanks  given  in  all 
Churches  and  Chapels  in  the  Cities  of  London  and 
Wejlminjler,  and  the  Suburbs,  the  next  Day,  for 
fo  great  a  Mercy  which  God  had  vouchfafed  them. 
Agreed  to  by  the  Lords. 

May  2.  We  now  firft  meet  with  the  Name  of 
Mr.  Oliver  Cromwell,  as  an  Officer  of  Rank  in  the 
Parliament's  Army  ;  a  particular  Ordinance  being 
made  concerning  him  and  fome  more  Officers,  as 
Charles  Fleelwood,  Edward  Wballey,  and  John  Def- 
lorougb  :  Names  which  will  occur  more  frequently 
in  the  Sequel.  The  faid  Ordinance  appoints,  '  That 
whereas  Authority  was  given,  by  a  former,  to  Col. 
Oliver  Cromwell^  and  others,  for  the  feizing  of  the 
Perfons,  Horiies,  Arms,  Money,  and  Plate  of  Ma- 
lignants  and  ill-affected  Perfons  in  the  County  of 
Cambridge,  the  Ifle  of  Ely,  &c.'  It  was  now  further 
ordained,  That  the  faid  Col.  Cromwell,  fcfr.  fhall 
have  Authority  to  feize  their  Corn  and  Cattle,  as 
well  as  other  Goods,  under  the  Protection  of  both 
Houfes  of  Parliament. 

The  Dutch  had  been,  of  late,  much  courted  by 
the  Englijh  Parliament,  to  prevent  any  Supplies  of 
Men,  Arms,  or  Money  being  fent  over  to  the 
King's  Affiftance;  but  their  Agent,  Mr.  Strickland, 
at  the  Hague,  could  not  hinder  them  from  felling 
Arms,  or  taking  Pawns  of  the  Queen's,  or  Crown, 
Jewels,  for  that  Purpofe.  At  this  Time  the  Par- 
liament was  alarmed  with  the  Report  of  a  Naval 
Armament,  then  getting;  ready  at  Dunkirk,  which 
Was  to  ac~t  againft  theirs^at  Sea  j  to  prevent  which, 

the 


Of    ENGLAND.        249 

the  following  Letter  was   agreed   upon,    by  both  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
Houfes,  to  be  fent  to  their  High  Mightinefles  with 
ail  Speed. 

High  and  Mighty  Lords, 

JT^E  are  commanded,  by  the  Lords  and  Commons  The  Parlia- 
'*      In  Parliament,  to  make  known  to  your  Lord-  meat's  Letter  to 
/hips,  that  fever ai  Advertifements  have  been  given  to  ^^"j^?™" 
the    Committee   of   the    Lords   and  Commons*    ap-  good  Corrdpon- 
pointed  by  both  Houfes  to  take  Care  of  the  Safety  0/"dence, 
the  Kingdom  on  all  Occajions  that  concern  the  fame, 
both  at  home  and  abroad,  That  the  King  hath  hired 
divers  Ships  and  Frigates  of  Dunkirk,  to  the  Num- 
ber of  24,   or  thereabouts  ;  and  that  he  intended  to 
employ  them  againjl  the  Fleet  appointed  by  the  Par~ 
liament  for  the  Defence  of  this  Kingdom.     It  was 
further  informed.  That  two  of  thffe  Ships,  or  Fri- 
gates, were  permitted  to  pafs,  out  cf  Dunkirk,  by 
the  Admiral  of  your  Lordjhips  fleet,  by   Warrant 
or  fame  Command  from  his  Highnefs  the  Prince  of 
Orange  ;  which  Information  that  Committee  ordered 
fttould  be  communicated  to  Mr.  Strickland,  now  re- 
fident  in  the  Hague   by  Authority  and  InftruEiions 
from  both  Houfes ;    which  Direction  of  that  Com- 
mittee of  both  Houfes  was  likewise  feconded  by  an 
Order  of  the  Commons'  Houfe,  and  Mr.  Strickland 
commanded  to  prefent  it  to  your  Lordjhips  as  he  hath 
done. 

We  are  to  intreat  your  Lordjhips  to  believe,  that 
the  two  Houfes  have  fuch  an  Opinion  of  the  Wifdom 
and  Jujlice  of  your  State,  that  they  cannot  eafily  con- 
ceive you  would  do  any  Thing  fo  much  to  the  Preju- 
dice cf  the  Interejl  of  yourjelves,  as  well  as  of  the 
Kingdom  ;  and  the  high  EJleem  and  Value  -which  they 
fet  upon  your  Friendjhip  and  Correfpondency  is  fuchy 
that  they  would  not  fuffer  any  Report  of  that  Na- 
ture to  be  fpread  in  the  World,  but  fpeedily  prefent 
it  to  your  Lord/hips,  as  an  Information  only  common- 
ly fpoken  of,  to  the  great  Prejudice  and  Difreputa- 
tinn  of  that  near  Union  and  Concurrence  between  this 
Ktngdmp,  and  your  Staie>  which  they  rrsft  earnejlly 


2  50       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  ig.  C*i.l.figfirg  may  ever  be  continued;  and  they  very  much 
rejoice  to  hear,  that  there  was  no  Ground  for  that 
Report  in  any  Resolution  of  your  Lordjhips,  nor  in 
any  Command  or  Direction  of  the  Prince  of  Orange  ; 
whofe  eminent  Power  and  Abilities  they  Jhall  always 
hope  will  be  exprefs'd  in  fuch  Counfels  and  Actions 
as  may  be  mojl  agreeable  for  the  Prefirvation  of  th'e 
Reformed  Religion,  and  the  Intereft  of  both  States, 
againft  the  antient  known  Enemies  of  both  :  And  the 
Lords  and  Commons  do  ajjure  your  Lordjhips,  that 
you  Jhall  never  difcern  any  Thing,  in  their  Intentions 
and  Proceedings,  but  what,  in  their  Judgment,  Jhall 
be  mojl  proper  and  effectual  to  that  End ;  and  as  they 
rejl  fully  fatisfied  concerning  the  Vanity  and  Faljhood 
of  that  Report,  fo  they  pray  your  Lordjhips  to  rejl 
ajfured,  that  thi:  Information  was  appointed  to  be 
frefented  to  you,  out  of  a  tender  Ajfettion  to  pre- 
ferve  both  the  Being  and  Reputation  of  an  inviolable 
Conjunction  betwixt  this  Kingdom  and  your  State* 
without  Intention  to  reflefl  upon  the  Honour  of  his 
Highnefs  the  Prince  cf  Orange  ;  and  they  defire  you 
fo  to  continue  your  favourable  Audience  to  Air.  Strick- 
land, and  to  give  Credit  to  him,  as  one  authorized  by 
both  Houfes  of  Parliament  to  csmmunicate  to  you  the 
Affairs  of  this  Kingdom,  and  to  cherij]}  the  Peace  and 
Amity  betwixt  the  two  States,  which  the  two  Houfes  of 
Parliament  are  confident  he  will  ever  faithfully  and 
tffettually  perform. 

We  commend  the  Profperity  of  your  State,  and  of 
your  Lordfnips,  to  God?s  Blejftng,  and  remain 

Your  Lorcifhips 

Wcftminfter,  May  25 

1643-  Affe&ionate  Friends 

and  Servants, 

MANCHESTER, 

Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers, 
pro  Tetnpore. 

WILLIAM  LENTHALL, 

Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  251 

May  3.  One  De  Luke  having  broke  open  the  An.  19.  Car.  !• 

King's  Stables,  and  taken  two  young  Horfes  be- 
longing  to  his  Majefty,  the  Lords  ordered  the 
Horfes  to  be  reftored,  and  De  Luke  to  attend  them 
to  anfwer  it.  This  Man  produced  his  Warrant 
to  the  Meffenger,  from  Mr.  Martin ;  and  Mr. 
Martin  himfelf  denied  to  return  the  Horfes,  faying, 
We  have  taken  the  King's  Ships  and  Forts,  and  may 
as  well  take  his  Horfes,  left  they  might  be  employed 
again/I  us  ;  but,  however,  he  added,  he  would  ac- 
quaint the  Haufe  of  Commons  therewith  the  next 
Morning,  who  would  fatisfy  the  Lords  at  a  Confe-  DIfPute 
rence.  This  the  Lords  took  very  ill,  and,  at  U^^i 
Conference,  they  told  the  Commons,  That  they  King's  Horfes. 
had  refolved  to  write  to  the  Lord-General,  to 
recall  Mr.  Martin's  Commiffion  ;  but,  for  himfelf, 
they  had  done  nothing,  in  regard  he  was  a  Mem- 
ber of  their  Houfe.  Adding,  That  they  did  ap- 
ply themfelves  unto  the  Commons  in  all  Refpeft 
and  Civility,  and  did  look  for  Reparation  in  this 
Bufmefs.  Inftead  of  which,  the  Commons,  on 
their  Return  to  the  Houfe,  voted,  That  Mr.  Mar- 
tin did  well  in  not  delivering  the  two  Horfes  till 
he  had  made  them  acquainted  with  it :  That  thefe 
two  Horfes  fhould  be  kept  by  Mr.  Martin  till  this 
Houfe  gives  further  Order ;  and  that  the  Lord- 
General  fhould  be  defired  not  to  do  any  Thing  in 
the  Bufmefs  concerning  Mr.  Martin,  till  he  heard 

further  from  that  Houfe. To  fo  low  an   Ebb 

was  the  Authority  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  already  re- 
duced ! 

May  5.    An  Order  of  Parliament  was  made,  The  Book  of 
That  the  Book,  enjoining  and  tolerating  of  Sports  Sports  ordered  t» 
upon  the  Lord's  Day,  be  forthwith  burnt,  by  the  be  burnt' 
Hands  of  the  common  Hangman,    in   Cheapftde, 
and  other  ufual  Places.     The  Sheriffs  of  London 
and  Middlefex  were  to  attend,  and  fee  this  Order 
duly  executed  ;  and  all  Perfons,  who  had  any  of  the 
faid  Books,  were  ordered  to  bring  them  to  one  of 
the  Sheriffs,  for  their  utter  Dcftruction, 

May 


252     The  Parliamentary  Hi  s  x  o  R  v 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  jtfay  $  q^e  Lords  were  frill  much  occupied  in 
trying  and  condemning  to  Sequeftration,  Imprifon- 
ment,  &c.  many  more  of  the  Clergy,  whom  the 
Commons  had  accufed  of  Difaffecfaon  to  their 
Caufe,  and  Superftition  in  Religion,  as  bowing  to 
the  Altar,  and  the  like  :  To  prevent  which,  the 
King  put  out  a  Proclamation  againft  opprefiing 
the  Clergy,  and  intruding  of  factious  and  fchifma- 
tjcal  Perfons  into  their  Cures  ;  and  inverting  or  de- 
taining their  Tythes  and  Pofieflions,  by  Order 
of  one  or  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  contrary  to 
all  Law  and  Juftice.  But  this  had  no  Effect,  for 
they  ftill  went  on  to  fequefter  Numbers  of  the 
Clergy  ;  though,  this  Day,  they  were  interrupted 
by  a  Mefliige  from  the  King,  occafioned  by  a  Bill 
lately  lent  "down  to  his  Majefty,  for  his  Royal 
Aflent  to  it.  This  MelTage  was  introduced,  as 
ufual,  by  a  Letter  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe 
of  Lords,  from  the  Lord  Falkland,  and  was  as 
follows  : 

CHARLES  £. 

TheKing'sMef-*  TT  I  S  Majefty  hath,  with  great  Deliberation, 
fage  concerning  «         I    COnfidered  and  weighed  a  Bill,  lately  pre- 

'  lented  to  him  b>'  Sir  Rohert  f^'  Knt-  William 
'  JePhfon  and  ^//;«r  Hill,    Efquires,    from   both 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament,  intituled,    An  Aft  for  the 

*  fpeedy  Payment  of  Monies  fubfcribcd  towards  the 

*  reducing  of  the  Rebels  in  Ireland,    which  yet  re- 

*  mained  unpaid.    And  though,  in  thefe  miferable 
4  Times  of  Diftraction,  where  there  are  Armies, 
4  pretended  to  be  levied  by  Order  of  both  Houfes, 

*  almoft  in  every  County  of  the  Kingdom,  and  the 
'  good  old  Laws  (the  Obfervation  whereof  would 

*  preferve  the  Public  Peace)  violated  and  fuppref- 

*  fed  ;  when  the  Treaty,  hopefully  begun  towards 
4  a  happy  Peace,   is   broken,   and  the  Committee 

*  recalled  by  both  Houfes,  as  if  they  intended   no 

*  farther  Oveiture  for  laying  down  Arms,   hut  to 

*  decide  all  Differences  by  the  Sword  ;  the  World 

*  will  eafily  judge,  whether  his  Majeity  might  not 

*  well 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      253 

*  Well  deny  to  confent  to  any  new  Aft  of  Parliament ;  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
«  the  much  Major  Part  of  both  Houfes  being,  by 

«  Force  and  Violence,  driven  and  kept  from  thofe 
«  Councils,  and  his  Majefty  himfelf  not  fuffered  to 
'  be  prefent :  Yet  fuch  is  his  Compaffion  of  Soul 

*  towards  his   poor  Proteftant  Subjects  of  that  his 
'  Kingdom  of  Ireland^  that  he  would  willingly  en- 
'  tertain  any  Expedient  whereby  it  might  be  evi- 
'  dent  the  Condition  of  that  Kingdom  might  be 
'  relieved,  and  the  Diffractions  of  this  in  no  Danger 
'  of  being  increafed  :  And  therefore  his  Majefty  de- 
'  fires  to  be  fatisfied  in  thefe  Particulars  : 

I.  *  How  the  great  and  vaft  Sums  of  Money  al- 
«  ready  raifed  by  the  feveral  Acts  of  Parliament  for 
'  the  Relief  of  Ireland,  and  which,  by  thofe  Acts, 
'  ought  not  to  be  employed  to  any  other  Purpofe 
«  than  reducing  the  Rebels,  untill  they  (hall  be  de- 
'  clared  to  be  fuhdued,  have  been  expended  ?  His 
'  Majefty  having  been  informed,  that  no  lefs  than 
'  100,000 /.  of  that  Money  was,  by  one  Order  of 
'  one  or  both  Houfes,  iflued  for  the  Maintenance  of 

*  the  Army,  which  hath  given  him  Battle,  under 
'  the  Command  of  the  Earl  of  EJJex. 

II.  '  How  his  Majefty  fhall  be  fecured,  that  the 
«  Money,  which,  by  his  Majefty's  Confent,  fhall 
4  be  raifed  for  the  Support  of  his  Army  in  Ireland* 

*  fhall  not,  for  the  future,  be  diverted  from  that 
'  Ufe,  and  employed  againft  him  in  this  Kingdom. 

III.  *  Whether  it  be  juft  to  compel  his  good  Sub- 
c  jects,  who  have  fubfcribed,  to  pay  thofe  Subfcrip- 

*  tions,  when  as,  at  the  Time  they  did  fubfcribe,  they 
'  conceived  themfelves  abfolved  from  their  Under- 

*  taking,  if,    at   any  Time,  they  were  content  to 

*  forfeit  the  Sum  mentioned  in  that  Act :  For  his 

*  Majefty  doth  not   conceive,  that,  by  that  Act, 
«  they  are  liable  to  pay  the  whole  Subfcriptions,  but 
«  to  fubmit  to  the  Penalty  injoined  :    And  then  his 
'  Majefty  is  not  fatisfied,  that,  by  a  new  Law,    it 
'  can  be  juft  to  compel  them  to  what,   at  the  firft, 

*  they  undertook  voluntarily  •,  and,  it  may  be,  would 

*  not  have  undertaken  but  upon  the  Liberty  they  con- 

*  ceived  to  be  then  left  them  ? 

IV. 


254      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

I.  IV.  «  Whether  the  Power  given  by  this  new  Bill 
'  to  Warner i  Towfe,  and  Andrews  (Perfons  of  whofe 
<  Integrity  and  Affedions  to  the  Public  Peace  his 
'  Majefty  is  in  no  Degree  fatisfied)  be  not  too  great ; 
'  any  Certificate  of  theirs  being  Ground  enough  to 
«  extend  the  Eftate  of  any  Subjed  in  England,  whe- 

*  ther  he  ever  under- writ  or  not  ? 

V.  *  Whether  all  Lands,  extended  by  Virtue  of 
«  this  Ad,  being  to  continue  in  Extent  till  all  For- 

*  feitures  be  fatisfied,  it  may  not  be  very  prejudicial 

*  to  Creditors  to  whom  thofe  Lands  are  liable ;  and 

*  and  fo  the  Common  Juftice  may  be  difturbed  ? 

VI.  c  Whether,  by  this  Ad,  the  Extents  being 
'  not  to  be  avoided,  or  delayed,  for  Omiflion  of  any 

*  Lands,  the  fame  may  not  be  prejudicial  to  all  Pur- 
'  chafers ;  and  whether  it  be  not  againft  the  known 
<  Courfe  of  the  Law  ? 

'  His  Majefty  defires  to  receive  Satisfadion  from 

*  both  Houfes  of  Parliament  in  thefe  Particulars  with 

*  all  pofiible  Expedition  ;  and  then  he  {hall  give  all 
'  the  World  an  Account  how  fenfible  he  is  of  the 
'  Mifery  of  Ireland^  and  how  defirous  he  is  to  find 

*  or  embrace  any  Way  for  their  Relief;  the  beft,  if 
'  not  the  only,Way  to  which,  his  Majefty  conceives, 

*  would  be  by  a  good  and  blefTed  Accommodation  of 

*  thelamentableDiftradionsofthisKingdom;  which, 

*  if  the  Matter  of  his  Majefty's  laft  Meflage  were  fo 
'  entertained,  as  his  Majefty  hoped  and  expeded, 
'  might,  by  the  Bleffing  of  God,  in  a  fhort  Time 
«  be  effeded.' 

May  12.  On  the  Petition  of  a  Clergyman  to  the 
Lords,  complaining,  That  the  Archbifhop  of  Can- 
terbury d  refufed  to  inftitute  and  collate  him  to  a  Par- 
fonage,  it  was  refolved,  That  an  Ordinance  of  Par- 
liament {hould  be  parted,  by  both  Houfes,  for  fe- 
queftring  all  his  Jurifdidion  and  Power  of  beftow- 
ing  Livings,  and  to  place  them  in  the  Power  and 
Difpofal  of  Parliament :  That  the  King's  Counfel 
fliould  draw  up  an  Ordinance  to  this  Purpofe,  and 
when  it  came  to  be  fent  down  to  the  Commons, 

to 

*  miliamLaud. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       255 

to  defire  that  Houfe  to  think  of  proceeding  againftAn,  19.  Car.  I* 
the  faid  Archbifliop,  upon  their  Charge  of  High 

Treafon<  V~^r«yTJ' 

The  fame  Day  the  Lord-General,  being  in  the 

Houfe  of  Lords,  reprefented  the  State  and  Condition 
of  the  Army,  and  the  great  Want  of  Money  ; 
which  was  the  Reafon  why  they  could  not  march, 
and  take  the  Advantages  which  occurred  to  them  : 
He  likewife  made  a  Ihort  Narrative  of  the  taking 
of  Reading.  Upon  which  it  was  refolved  to  return 
Thanks  to  his  Excellency  for  his  good  Conduct, 
and  alfo  to  have  a  Conference  with  the  Other  Houfe, 
in  order  to  quicken  them  to  confider  of  a  certain 
Way  of  fupplying  the  Army  with  Money ;  that  it 
might  not  be  again  in  the  Straits  it  had  been  before, 
and  lofe  the  Opportunities  that  are  offered  ;  which 
might  difcourage  the  Lord -General's  Forces,  and 
.  encourage  the  other  Side. 

The  Lord- General  further  fignified,  that  he  gave 
Command  to  the  Lord  Grty,  Colonel  Cromwell, 
and  other  Forces  in  the  North,  to  draw  themfelves 
into  a  Body,  which  had  not  been  done  accord- 
ing to  his  Directions ;  by  which  Neglect  Con- 
voys of  Waggons  and  Ammunition  were  come 
to  the  King  without  any  Interruption.  On  this 
the  Lords  thought  fit  to  recommend  the  Examina- 
tion of  this  Affair  to  the  Lord-General,  why  his 
Commands  were  not  obeyed,  and  where  he  found 
the  Difobedience  and  Neglect,  to  recall  his  Com- 
miflions. 

The  next  Day  the  Effect  of  this  Conference  was 
reported,    That  the  Houfe  of  Commons   agreed 
with  their  Lordfhips  in  giving  public  Thanks  to  A  Committee «r. 
the  Lord-General,   and  defired  that  the  Speakers dered  to  go  into 
of  both  Houfes  might  go  to  his  Lordfhip  for  that £cj 
Purpofe  :    Alfo  that  they  agreed  in  fettling  fome  the  Ar 
certain  Way  of  raifing  Money  for  the  Supply  of  the 
Army ;    and   defired   that   a  Committee  of  both 
Houfes  might  be  fent  into  the  City,  to  declare  to 
them  the  Neceflity  of  it.     A  Committee  was  fent 
accordingly. 

It 


256 


The  Parliamentary  I  Ti  STORY 


An.  19.  Car.  I.     It  is  neceuary  to  be  rem-  Place, 

that  a  Committtee  of  Lords  and  v  on 
for  fome  Days  paft,  fat  conftantly  at  ... 
dajhen  -Hall,  appointed  purely  for  Advance  cf 
Monies  ;  and,  to  all  that  would  freely  lend,  the 
Parliament  allowed  8/.  per  Cent.  But,  to  thofe 
that  would  neither  give  nor  lend,  nor  pay  the 
Weekly  AfTeffment,  a  Power  was  given  to  their 
Collectors  to  diftrain,  by  Force,  and  publickly 
fell  the  Goods  for  the  fpeedier  Payment  of  it  ;  for 
which  Service  Three-pence  in  the  Pound,  and  all 
other  incident  Charges  were  allowed  them  :  And 
this  was  praSifed,  where  they  had  the  Power,  all 
over  England,  as  well  as  at  London.  Twelve  - 
pence  in  thS  Pound  was  alfo  ordered  to  be  paid  to 
any  Perfons  who  could  inform  where  fuch  Goods 
were  fecreted  or  hid. 

We  have  already  taken  Notice  that  feveral  Gen- 

tlemen, nominated  by  the  Parliament  as  Sequeftra- 

tors  of  Delinquents  Eftates,  had  forborne,  for  diffe- 

Cbmmons  for  rent  Reafons,    to  execute  that  Office  ;  and  there 

punifliing  'fuch  appearing  the  fame  Backwardnefs  in  executing  the 

CommifiionersofOrdinances  for  raifing  Money  by  Afleflment,  the 


rwfofoi  Commons  f°und  {t  neceffary  to  make  an  Order, 
whereby  fuch  Commiffioners  as  (hould  refufe  to 
join,  or  fign  any  Warrants,  or  to  meet  the  reft  of 
the  Commiffioners,  not  being  detained  by  Sicknefs, 
or  other  inevitable  Impediments,  fhould  be  reputed 
Perfons  ill  affected  to  the  Parliament  ;  and  that 
their  Names  {hould  be  returned  to  the  Houfe  of 
Commons,  in  order  that  their  Eftates  might  be 
feized  and  fequeftred  in  the  fame  Manner  as  thofe 
of  Papifts  and  Delinquents.  -  But  it  does  not  ap- 
pear that  the  Confent  of  the  Lords  was  ever  afked, 
or  given,  to  this  Order. 

May  15.  The  Parliament's  Declaration  con- 
cerning the  late  Treaty  was  this  Day  agreed  to  by 
both  Houfes,  and  ordered  to  be  printed  and  pub- 
liihed.  The  King's  came  out  fome  Time  before. 

Both 


Of   ENGLAND.      257 

Both  thefe,  which  are  too  prolix  for  our  Purpofe,An.  19.  Car.  I. 
may  be  found  in  the  Collections  of  thefe  Times  a.  *f 43*  ^ 

The  Lord  General  delivered  to  the  Lords  divers         M 
Copies  of  Examinations,  taken  at  Briftol,  concern- 
ing a  Lte  Confpiracy  there  to  give  up  that  City  to 
the  King.    This  Affair  is  alfo  fully  difcufled  by  Cla- 
rendon, Rujbworth,  and  other  Hiftorians. 

On  the  gth  of  this  Month  there  had  been  a  Mef- 
fage  fent  up  from  the  Commons  to  the  Other  Houfe, 
defiring  them  to  nominate  and  appoint  a  Com- 
mittee of  Lords,  to  join  with  a  proportionable 
Number  of  the  Commons,  to  be  fent  into  Scotland^ 
to  intreat  the  Scots  to  give  Aid  and  Affiftance  to  this 
Kingdom,  according  to  the  Acl  of  Pacification, 
This  Day  the  faid  Requeft  was  again  renewed  by 
the  Commons,  but  not  yet  agreed  to  by  the  Other 
Houfe. 

At  the  fame  Time  a  Letter  was  brought  up,  ready 
drawn,  with  an  Intent  to  fend  it  into  Scotland,  as  a 
Complaint  againft  fome  Scots  Lords  for  affifting  the 
King  againft  the  Parliament ;  which  was  agreed  to 
by  the  Lords.  This  Letter  was  directed  to  the 
Privy  Council  of  Scotland,  and  to  the  Commiflioners 
for  the  Prefer vation  of  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom, 
and  was  as  follows  : 

Our  very  good  Lords, 

CT'H  E  Lnrds  and  Commons  of  England,  now  #/- A  Letter  of  Com* 
fembled  in   Parliament,    in  Purfuance  of  that  plaint  to  thePri* 
Amity  and  Correfpondency  which  they  deftre  Jhould  VJ  Council  of 

.  t  i  IT     •  I  Scotland    againft 

ever  continue  between  the  two  Nations,  have  com-  the  Eari 
mandtd  us  to  remonjlrate  unto  your  Lordjhips,  That  burgh, 
divers  great  Officers  and  Peers  of  the  Realm  of 
Scotland,  namely,  the  Earl  of  Roxburgh,  Earl  of 
Morton,  Earl  of  Annandale,  Earl  of  Kinnoul, 
Earl  of  Carnwath,  and  Earl  of  Lanerk,  have* 
during  the  Time  of  their  Continuance  here,  made 
them/elves  Incendiaries  between  the  King  and  his 
People  ;  and  have  advifed  Afls  of  Hoftility  againft 
the  Subjects  of  this  Realm,  to  their  great  Harm 
and  Wrong ;  contrary  to  the  Laws,  of  the  Realm, 
VOL.  XII.  R  and 

a  Hufrandi,  Fol,  Edit,  from  p,  91  to  p,  lij. 


258      TTtf  Parliamentary  HISTORV 

I.  and  contrary  to  tie  Att  of  Pacification^  as  appears  ly 
a  Letter  under  their  own  Hands  ,  a  Copy  whereof  they 
fend  here  indofed  b. 

They  do  earneJHy,  therefore,  deftre  your  Lordjbips, 
11)at  Order  may  be  taken  for  fpeedy  Proceedings  to  be 
"had  again/}  them,  and  agairjl  fuch,  within  the  f  aid 
Realm  of  Scotland,  that  /hall  ajjijl,  receive,  and 
harbour  them,  or  any  of  them  ;  that  fo  they  may  re- 
ceive fuch  Punijhment  for  their  faid  Offence,  as  by 
the  faid  AR  of  Pacification  is  provide  a1.  Herewith 
we  take  our  Leaves^  and  reft 

Your  Lord  (hips 

Weftminfter,  May  15,  . 

,643.  Friends  and  Servants, 

MANCHESTER, 

Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers 
•pro  Tempore. 

WILLIAM  LENTHALL, 

Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

May  1  6.  An  Order  was  made  by  the  Commons, 
dire&ed  to  all  Juftices  of  Peace,  &c.  all  over  Eng- 
land and  Wales,  to  put  the  Statute,  imo  "jacoli,  in 
Execution,  That  no  ftrong  Beer  or  Ale  {hould  be 
fold  at  above  one  Penny  the  Quart  ;  and,  of  all 
other  Beer,  two  Quarts  for  the  Penny. 

An  Excife  was  alfo  laid  on,  at  this  Time,  as 
An  E*cife  hid  follows  :  s.    d. 

on  Ale,  Cyder,  por  each  Barrel  of  ftrons;  Beer  or  Ale.  of  8*. 


For  a  Hoglhead  of  Cyder  or  Perry,  I     o 

To  be  paid  by  the  firft  Buyer.     The  fame 
Tax  was  laid  on  the  Houfe-  keeper,  for 
Beer,  Ale,  Cyder,  or  Perry,  brewed  or 
made  for  his  own  Spending. 
All  Alehoufe-  keepers,  or  Inn-holders,  that  1 
brew  and  fell  ftrong  Beer  and  Ale  of  their  V2     O 
own,  each  Barrel,  3 

For 

b  This  Letter  was  intercepted,  in  the  TCorth,  by  the  Lord  Talr- 
fax,  and  by  him  fen;  Co  the  Paiiiamcat  ;  But  it  is  not  entered  in  the 


Of    ENGLAND.       259 

For  all  Sorts  of  retailed  Wines,    over  and  ~\  s.    d.  An.  19.  Car.  I. 

above  the  Cuftoms  due  for  the  fame,  to  be  £  0     2 

paid  by  the  firft  Retailer,  a  Quart,  j 

On  all  Sorts  of  Wines  bought  here,  befides  ~) 

Cuftoms,  to  be  paid  by  the  firft  Buyer,  / 

for  all  he  (hall  ufe  in  his  own  Houfe,  for  f 

a  Quart, 

The  fame  to  be  paid  by  the  Merchant  for 
all  the  Wine  he  fhall  ufe  in  his  own  Houfe, 
befides  the  due  Cuftoms. 
For  a  Barrel  of  fix  Shillings  Beer  fold,  to  "I 

be  fpent,  as  well  in  Private  as  in  Victual-  I 

ling  Houfes,  to  be  paid  by  the  common  f  o     6 

Brewer,  or  thofe  that  brew  or  fell   the  I 

fame  Beer, 
On  all  Tobacco,  not  of  Englijh  Plantation,  7 

the  Pound  Value,  not  Weight,  5^" 

For  the   Englijh  Plantation  Tobacco,   the  ^ 

fame  Value;    both  over  and   above  all  >2     O 

other  Cuftoms,  3 

The  Committee,  who  brought  in  thefe  Rates, 
were  ordered  to  proceed  in  railing  of  Money,  by 
laying  a  Charge  on  other  Commodities  c. 

May  18.  At  a  Conference,  this  Day,  the  Com- 
mons communicated  the  following  Letter  they  had 
received  out  of  Buckinghamjhire^  containing  an  Ac- 
count of  divers  Murders,  Burnings,  and  Plunder- 
ings,  committed  by  the  King's  Forces  in  thatCounty. 
It  was  directed,  For  our  much-honoured  Friend  Colo- 
#£/Hampden,  0r,  in  his  Abfence,  to  Colonel  Good- 
vvyn,  or  Bulftrode  Whitlocke,  Efa 

SIR,  Aylefbury,  May  16,  1643. 


The  King  hath  fent  into  thefe  Parts  abjut  12  or  King's  Troops. 
R  2    v  1400 

«  This  is  the  firft  Inftance  we  meet  with  of  an  Excife.  The  Plan, 
which  is  printed  at  large  in  Hujbandi't  Colleciiens,  p.  267,  &c.  was 
vigoroufly  purfued  in  the  Proteftorfliip  of  Crcmive//,  andeftablifhed  by 
A£l  of  Parliament  foon  after  the  Reftwation.  How  far  it  has  fincc 
been  extended  every  Body  knows* 


260       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  19.  Car.  I.  1400  of  bis  Forces,  commanded,  as  we  are  v  formed^ 
'4  *^e  ^ar^  °f  Cleveland  d»  wbo  *s  accompanied  with 


the  Lord  Chandois,  Lord  Crawford,  Sir  John  By- 
ron, and  others  of  Note  ;  who,  contrary  to  the  known. 
Laws  of  the  Land,  pillage  and  plunder  all  the  Towns 
where  they  come.  They  murder  our  Neighbours  that 
make  any  Defence  to  preferve  their  Goods,  one  Wo- 
man, among  the  re/?,  tig  with  Child,  who  could  make 
Tio  Rejijlance  ;  they  cut  in  Pieces  what  Houjhcld  Goods 
they  cannot  carry  away  ;  they  fweep  clean  divers  of  our 
Pa/lures,  leaving  no  Cattle  behind  them  ;  and  that 
no  Cruelty  might  be  left  unexercifed  by  them,  they  have> 
ibis  Day,  fired  a  Country  Pillage,  calfd  Swanburne, 
in  feven  Places  of  the  Town,  for  no  other  Reafon 
but  becaufe  they  were  not  willing  to  be  plundered  of 
all  they  had;  and  guarded  the  Fire  fo  carefully,  with 
all  their  Forces  aivided  into  feveral  Parts,  that  no 
Neighbour  durjl  adventure  to  come  to  quench  it  all  the 
while  it  burned. 

Our  Forces  in  this  Garrifon,  confi/ling  only  of  Foot, 
faving  one  Troop  of  Horfe,  were  not  able  to  encounter 
with  the  Enemy,  nor  relieve  our  Neighbours  thus  de- 

iled  ;  but  yet,  to  interrupt  that  which  to  them  is  a 
t  ?rt,  we  drew  out  fame  Forces  in  their  Sight,  as 
far  as  with  Safety  we  could  ;  whereby  they  have  not 
afted  this  Day  all  the  Adi/chief  they  intended  to  execute 
tefore  Night  :  But  what  they  have  left  undone  To-  day  y 
we  expecJ,  e'er  they  leave  us,  they  will  make  up  ;  for  they 
are  now  fo  flrong  that  they  quarter  at  Buckingham, 
and  where  they  pleafe  in  thefe  Parts,  without  Refijlance. 

We  wijh  the  Parliament's  Army  were  fo  accommoda- 
ted that  this  County,  which  hath  hitherto  been,  and  yet 
is,  mojl  ready  toferve  and  obey  the  Orders  of  the  Hottjes, 
might  not  be  de/iroycd,  and  made  utttrly  unable  to  con- 
tribute  unto  it,  before  vje  can  be  relieved  by  it  ;  but 
relying  upon  God's  Providence,  and  the  be  ft  Aleans 
which  may  be  afforded  to  preferve  it,  we  rejl 

Your  loving  Friends, 

JOHN  WITTEWRONG. 
THOMAS  TYRREL. 

Upon 

*  Tfonat  Wtntviortb, 


Of    ENGLAND.       261 

Upon  this  Letter  the  Houfe  of  Commons  pafs'dAn.  19.  Car.  I. 
fome  Votes,  to  which  they  defired  their  Lordfhips 
Concurrence,  and   that  the  faid  Letter  might   be    *~~^~~~* 
fpeedily  printed  and  publiflied. 

I.    *  That  this   Houfe  {hall   invite  the  feveral Votes  of  both 
Counties  under  the  Power  of  the  Parliament,  atHoufcs  ther«* 
the  Moving  of  my  Lord  General,  to  rife  and  join"^° 
with    his    Excellency,    with    all   their    Force    and 
Strength,  in  the  Maintenance  of  this  Caufe  of  Re- 
ligion, for  the  Piefervation  of  the  Proteftant  Re- 
ligion, and  to  prevent  the  fettin^  up  of  Popery  irt 
England  and  Ireland;   and    to  redeem  themfelvea 
from  the  Rapines,  Cruelties,  Spoils,  and  Murders 
committed  upon  them  by  the  King's  Forces  ;  and 
that  Letters  be  fent  from  both  Huufes  for  this  Pur- 
pofe.' 

The  Lords  agreed  to  this  Vote. 

Next  it  was  defired  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
That  Mr.  Jepbfon  might  make  a  Narrative  to  the 
Lords  of  fome  PafTages  that  came  to  his  Knowledge 
at  Oxford  when  he  was  there,  -viz. 

«  That  when  he  was  at  Oxford  he  did  fee  the 
Lord  Dillon  and  the  Lord  Taaffe  near  about  his 
Majefty,  being  great  Papifts,  and  keeping  Corrref- 
pondency  with  the  Rebels  in  Ireland  j  and  he  cal- 
ling to  Mind  what  Letters  he  had  feen  in  Munjler? 
in  Ireland,  written  to  the  Earl  of  Mujkerry^  a  chief 
Rebel,  under  their  Hand-writing,  which  was  to 
this  Effect :  c  To  exhort  him  to  encourage  the  Re- 

*  bels  there  to  go  on  ;  and  though  the  King's  Af- 

*  fairs  were  now  fuch  that  he  could  not  be  feen  in 
'  it,  yet,  in  the  End,    he  would  thank  them  for 
'  it.'     Upon  this  Mr.  Jephfon  faid,  he  went  to  the 
Lord  Vifcount  Falkland,  to  acquaint  him  therewith, 
and  told  him  of  this  particular  Bufmefs,  and  what 
dangerous  Perfons  they  were  to  be  near  the  King. 
His  Lordfhip  faid,  He  that  writ  this  deferved  to 
be  bangd ;    neverthelefs   nothing   is    yet  done    to 
remove  them  from  the  King's  Council ;  but  the 
Lord  Taaffe  is  fmce  fent  into  Inland  about  the  Af- 
fairs there.' 

,      R  3  Tht 


±62     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.     The  Huufe  of  Commons  taking  thefe  Particulars 
1643.        into  Confideration,  and  feeing  the  fame  Spirit  here 
>-~-y— — ^    againft  the  Proteftant  Religion,  and  the  rooting  out 
May'        of  Proteftants,  as  is  in  Ireland,  have  made  another 
Vote,  wherein  they  defire  their  Lordfhips  Concur- 
rence, viz. 

2.  '  That  Proceedings  {hall   be  had  againft  all 
Papifts  whaifoever,  as  Traitors,  that  have  been  in 
Arms  or  adtual  War  againft  the  Parliament,  or  have 
furni filed  the  King  with  Horfe,  Arms,  Ammunition, 
or  Money,  to  the  Maintenance  of  this  War.' 

The  Lords  agreed  with  the  Commons  in  this 
Vote,  leaving  out  the  Word  whatsoever. 

May  20.  Another  Conference  was  held  between 
the  two  Houfes,  the  Effect  of  which  was,  That  the 
Commons  prefented  to  the  Lords  certain  Votes  they 
had  lately  paflfed,  and  left  them  to  their  Lordfliips 
Confideration. 

Refolutions  of        '•  '  That  the  Great  Seal  of  England  ought,  by 
the  Commons    the  Law  of  the  Land,  to  attend  the  Parliament, 
relating  to  the        2.  '  That  the  Great  Seal  ot  England  doth  not  at- 
CrcatSe  .        ^enc|  ^  par];ament,  as,  by  the  Laws  of  the  Land^ 
it  ought  to  do. 

3.  '  That,  by  reafon  of  this,  the  Commonwealth 
hath  fuffered  many  grievous  Mifchiefs,  tending  to 
the   DeftrucTion  of  King,  Parliament,  and  King- 
dom. 

4.  *  That  it  is  the  Duty  of  both  Houfes  of  Par- 
liament to  provide  a  fpeedy  Remedy  for  thefe  Mif- 
chiefs. 

5.  «  That  a  Great  Seal   of  England  {hall   be 
forthwith  made,  to  attend  the  Parliament  for  the 
Difpatch  of  the  Affairs  of  Parliament  and  King- 
dom.' 

This  laft  Vote  occafioned  a  Divifion  in  the  Houfe, 
when  the  Numbers  were  86  for  making  a  new  Seal, 
and  74  againft  it ;  in  all  160  Members  prefent : 
The  moft  that  have  divided  on  any  Queftion  for  a 
Jong  Time. 

The  Commons  alfo  added  fome  Reafons,  upon 
fyhich  thefe  Votes  were  grounded  j  which  are  not 

enter'd 


Of     ENGLAND.         263 

__.._. 'd.     The  Lords  def. 
Matters  till  another  Day. 


vxy  a-/       a.  ^        ^-P       JL~/       JL  *.       j.  •*        ju-^  •  ^«  v^   < 

cnter'd.     The  Lords  deferred  debating  on  all  thefeAn.  19.  Cat.  I, 

n   «•  .Ml  .1  f~v  1643* 


May. 

.  22.  A  Meflage  from  the  King  was  this  Day 
read  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords.  It  was  diieded  to  their 
Speaker,  and  was  as  follows  ; 

CHARLES   R. 

'  O  I N  C  E  his  Majefty's  Meflage  of  the  1 2th  ofThe  King  re- 

*  O  Jpril,  in  which  he  conceived  he  had  madejnuih^e™orf 

*  fuch  an  Overture  for  the  immediate  di{bandingtheizthof>f!pn7. 
'  of  all  Armies,    and  Compofure  of  thefe  prefent 

*  miferable  Diftra&ions,    by  a  full   and  free  Con- 

*  vention  in  Parliament,  that  a  perfect  and  fettled 

*  Peace  would  have  enfued,    he  hath,   in  all  this 
4  Time,   (above  a  full  Month)  procured  no  Anfwer 
'  from  both  Houfes ;  his  Majefty  might  well  believe 

*  himfelf  abfolved,  before  God  and  Man,  from  the 

*  leaft  poflible  Charge  of  not  having  ufed  his  utmoft 
'  Endeavours   for  Peace  ;    yet  when  he  confiders 
<  that  the  Scene  of  all  the  Calamity  is  in  the  Bowels 
'  of    his    own    Kingdoms  j    that    all    the    Blood 

*  which  is  fpilt  is  of  his  own  Subjects ;  and  what 

*  Victory  foever  it  {hall  pleafe  God  to  give  him,  it 
'  muft  be  over  thofe  who  ought  not  to  have  lifted 

*  up  their  Hands  againft  him  :  When  he  confiders 
'  thefe  defperate  civil  Difientions   may  encourage 

*  and  invite  a  foreign  Enemy  to  make  a  Prey  of  the 
'  whole  Nation  ;  that  Ireland  is  in  prefent  Dan- 
'  ger  of  being  totally  loft  ;    that  the  heavy  Judg- 

*  ment  of  God's  Plague,  Peftilence,  and  Famine, 
6  will  be  inevitable  Attendants  of  this    unnatural 

*  Contention  ;    and  that,    in  a  fliort  Time,  there 
'  will  be  fo  general  a  Habit  of  Uncharitablenefs 
'  and  Cruelty  contracted  throughout  the  Kingdom, 
'  that  even  Peace  itfelf  will  not  reftore  his  People 

*  to  their  old  Temper  and  Security  :    His  Majefty 

*  cannot  but  again  call  for  an  Anfwer  to  that  his 
c  Meflage,  which  gives  fo  fair  a  Rife  to  end  thefe 
'  unnatural   Diftra&ions.      And   his   Majefty  doth 
'  this  with  ths  moft  Earneftnefs,  becaufe  he  doubts 

*  not 


264       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY" 

An.  19. Car.  I.*  not  but    the  Condition  of  his  Armies  in  feveral 
«  Parts  ;  his   Strength  of  Horfe,  Foot,  and  Artil- 

*  leiy  ;    his   Plenty  of  Ammunition   (which   fome 
Men  lately  conceived  he  might  have  wanted)  is  Ib 
well   known  and    underftood  ;    that   it  muft    be 

*  confefled,  that  nothing  but  the  Tendernefs  and 
«  Love  to  his  People,  and  thole  Chriftian  Impref- 

*  fions  which  always  have  dwelt,  and-,  he  hopes, 
s  always  fhall  dwell,  in  his  Heart,  could  move  him, 

*  once  more,  to  hazard  a  Refufal :  And  he  requires 

<  them,  as  they  will   anfwer  to  God,   to  himfelf, 
«  and  all  the  World,  that  they  will  no  longer  fuf- 

<  fer  their  Fellow- Subjects  to  welter  in  each  other's 

<  Blood  j  that  they  will  remember  by  whofe  Autho- 

<  rity,  and  to  what  End    they  met  in  that  Council; 

*  and  fend  fuch  an  Anfwer  to  his  Majefty,  as  may 

*  open  a  Door  to  let  in  a  firm  Peace  and  Security  to 

*  the  whole  Kingdom. 

'  If  his  Majefty  (hall   again  be  difappointed  of 

*  his  Intention'  herein,  the  Blood,  Rapine,  and  Di- 

*  ftra&ions  which  muft  follow  in  England  and  Ire- 

*  land    will  be  caft  upon  the  Account  of  thofe  who 
«  are  deal  to  the  Motion  of  Peace  and  Accommoda- 
«  tion.' 

Ordered,  That  this  Meflage  (hould  be  commu- 
nicated to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  ;  and  fome  Lords 
being  appointed  to  draw  up  what  was  fit  to  be  de- 
livered to  them  befides,  at  this  Conference,  as  the 
Senfe  of  this  Houfe  about  it,  they  foon  after  brought 
in  the  following  : 

'  That  the  Lords  conceive  it  neceffary  to  fend 
the  Reafom  to  the  King,  why  the  two  Houfes  of 
Parliament  could  not  agree  to  the  Propofitions  of- 
fered in  his  Majefty 's  Meflage  of  the  I2th  of 
Afnl  laft.  To  exprefs,  in  that  Anfwer  to  be 
made  to  his  Majtfty,  That  their  Endeavours  had 
been,  and  ever  ihall  be,  to  put  an  End  to  thefe 
unhappy  Differences  ;  fo  as  their  Religion,  Laws, 
and  Liberties  might  be  fecured.  To  defire  the 
Commons  to  appoint  a  Committee  to  meet  one 

froni 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       265 

from  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  to  confider  of  this  whole  An,  19.  Car.  I. 
Meflage,  and  to  prepare  fuch  an  Anfwer  as  they 
think  fit  to  offer  to  the  two  Houfes/  *—  7/ 

May. 

The  Archbifhop  of  Canterbury  having  now  lain  a 
very  long  Time  in  the  Tower,  and  no  Procefs,  as  yet, 
brought  againft  him  by  the  Commons,  his  Accufers, 
tho'  often  urged  to  it  by  the  Lords,  an  humble  Pe- 
tition was,  this  Day,  (May  23)  prefented  to  that 
Houfe,  from  this  fallen  Prelate,  in  thefe  Words  : 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  WILLIAM  Archbifhop 
of  Canterbury, 

Shewing, 

CT  HAT  he  hath  neither  Lands t  Leafe,  nor  Money  JAbp.LWsPe- 
-*    that  the  fmall  Store  of  Plate  he  had  is  long  Jincetovm  for  Relief, 
melted  down  for  his  neceflary  Support  and  Expencesy 
caufed  by  his  prefent  Troubles :  That  his  Rents  and 
Profits  are  fequejlered^  and  now  all  his  Goods  taken 
from  him,  and  no  Maintenance  at  all  allowed  him  ; 


injomuch  that,  if  fame  Friends  of  his  had  not  had 
CompaJJion  on  his  Wants ,  and  fent  him  fame  little 
Supply ,  he  had  not  been  able  to  (ubjift  till  this  pre- 


fent ;   and  now  this  Supply  is  at  the  laft, 

He  humbly  prays  that  your  Lord/hips  would  take 
his  fad  Condition  into  your  Confederations ,  that  fame- 
'what  may  be  allowed  him  out  of  his  Eftate  to  fuppfy 
the  NeceJJities  of  Life  ;  ajfuring  himfelf  that  your 
Lordflnps  will  not,  in  Honour  and  Jujlicey  fujfer  him 
either  to  beg  or  ft  awe. 

And  your  Petitioner,  &c. 

The  Lords  feem  to  have  been  touched  with 
Compaffion  on  the  hearing  of  this  Petition,  and 
immediately  refolved  to  allow  the  Archbifhop  fome 
Maintenance,  out  of  Charity,  to  fupply  his  Ne- 
cefHties  ;  and  further  ordered,  That  the  Petition 
fhould  be  recommended  from  that  Houfe  to  the 
Commons.  The  Commons  returned  for  Anfwer, 
That  they  would  fend  one  by  Meflengers  of  their 

own; 


266     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I,  own  j  but  we  hear  no  more  of  it  from  that  Quar- 
1643-       ter. 

***'•  A  Meffage  being  fent  up  from  the  Lower  Houfe, 

to  defire  the  Lords  to  fit  a  while,  for  they  had  a 
Matter  of  great  Importance  to  communicate  to 
them  :  Soon  after  came  up  Mr.  Pymme  to  acquaint 
their  Lordfhips,  that  the  Commons  had  difcharged 
their  Confciences  by  the  following  Vote  which  they 
had  pafled  : 

The  Commons  '  That  tne  Queen  had  levied  War  againft  the 
accufe  the  Queen  Parliament  and  Kingdom;  and,  having  difcharged 
»f  High  Treafcn.  their  Confciences,  they  think  it  fit  to  difcharge 
their  Duty  too  ;  and  faid,  He  was  commanded  by 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  afiembled  in  Parliament, 
in  the  Name  of  themfelves,  and  of  all  the  Commons 
of  England^  to  accufe  and  impeach,  and  he  did 
accordingly  now  accufe  and  impeach,  Henrietta 
Maria,  Queen  of  England,  of  High  Treafon.  And 
they  defired  their  Lordfhips  to  iflue  forth  Proclama- 
tions to  fummon  her  to  appear  before  them,  and 
receive  a  Tiial  and  due  Sentence  for  the  fame.'  It 
is  obfervable  that  thefe  Votes  were  carried  in  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  Nem.  Ccn.  The  Queen  had 
juft  before  met  the  King  at  Edge-Hill,  with  a  Rein- 
forcement of  3000  Foot,  30  Troops  of  Horfe  and 
Dragoons,  and  fix  Pieces  of  Cannon,  befides  great 
Store  of  other  Warlike  Ammunition,  which  made 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  fo  exafperated  againft  her. 
All  that  is  entered  in  the  Lords  "Journals,  on  this 
extraordinary  Impeachment,  is,  This  to  be  confidered 
ef\  but  we  hear  no  more  of  it  for  fome  Time. 
There  is  a  remarkable  Letter  of  this  Queen's, 
publifhed  in  Duke  Hamilton's  Memoirs,  wherein  fhe 
mentions  this  Impeachment  in  thefe  Words  :  After 

f'ving  the  Duke  an  Account  of  the  good  State  the 
ing's  Army  was  then  in,  fhe  adds,  You  will  give  a 
Share  of  thefe  News  to  all  our  Friends,  if  any  dare 
own  themfelves  fucb  after  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
have  declared  me  Traitor ,  and  carried  up  their  Charge 
tgain/i  me  to  the  Lords.  Ikis^  /  cjjure  yotty  is  true  ; 

but 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       267 

lut  I  know  not  yet  what  the  Haufe  of  Lords  have  dune  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
upon  it.    God  forgive  them  for  their  Rebellion,  as,  I         1643- 
ajfure  you,  I  forgive  them  from  my  Heart  for  what    *— TV"?""1<J 
they  do  again/i  me.  ajr* 

May  27.  The  Committee  for  the  Excife  brought 
into   the   Houfe   of  Commons  a   Charge   of  one 
Penny  in  the  Pound  on  all  Manner  of  Currants 
imported  ;  upon  Raifins  of  the  Sun,  one  Halfpen- 
ny ;  Malaga  Raifins,  and  all  Figs  imported,  one 
Farthing  ;  to  be  paid  by  the  firft  Buyer,  over  and 
above  all  other  Duties  and  Cuftoms.     Next  an  Ex-  ^n  jrxc;fe  \^ 
cife  was  laid  on  all  the  different  Sorts  of  Sugars,  upon  Currants, 
imported    and  refined  here;    likewife   fo  much  a  R^ns,  Sugars, 
Yard  on  all  imported  Silks,  Sattins,  ferV.  fcfV.  by5     '  - 
Name,  a  long  Lift  of  which  is  entered  in  the  Com- 
mons Journals  ;  by  which  may  be  feen  that  they 
did  not  even  then  want  a  Tafte  for  foreigp  Fine- 
ries. 

This  Day  the  Lords  entered  into  a  long  Debate,  The  Lords  a 
concerning  the  Votes  lately  brought  up  from  the  only  tofomeof 
Houfe  of  Commons,  about  making  a  new  Great the  Commons* 
Seal :    And,    the  firft  Vote  being  debated,    thefe 
Queftions  were  put,  Whether  the  ufe  of  the  Great 
Seal  of  England  ought  to  be  applied  to  the  Com- 
mands of  the  Parliament,  by  the  Laws  of  the  Land  ? 
It  patted   in  the  Affirmative.      The  next,  Whe- 
ther the  Great  Seal  ought  to  attend  the  Commands 
of  the  Parliament,  according  to  Law  I    Refolved 
Negatively. 

The  fecond  Vote,  «  That  the  Great  Seal  doth 
not  atttrnd  the  Parliament,  as,  by  the  Laws  of 
the  Land,  it  ought  to  do,'  being  read,  the  Lords 
refolved  to  have  a  Conference,  to  be  informed  by 
the  Commons  wherein  the  Great  Seal  hath  not 
been  applied  to  the  Commands  of  the  Parlia- 
ment. They  likewife  refolved  to  defer  giving 
any  Refolution  as  to  the  third  Vote  till  the  fe- 
Cond  was  cleared. 

The  Houfe  then  proceeded  to  the  fourth  Vote, 
*  That  it  is  the  Duty  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament 

to 


268     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

19.  Car.  I.  to  provide  a  fpeedy  Remedy  for  thefe  Mifchiefs  ;* 
and,  after  Debate  hereof,  the  Lords  came  to  this 
Refolution,  fomewhat  different  from  the  other,  That 
it  is  the  Duty  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament  to  ufe 
their  beft  Endeavours  to  provide  a  fitting  and  fpeedy 
Remedy. 

The  fifth  Vote,  «  That  a  Great  Seal  of  England 
ihall  be  forthwith  made  to  attend  the  Parliament, 
for  Difpatch  of  the  Affairs  of  Parliament  and  King- 
dom,' was  put  to  the  Queftion,  and  patted  in  the 
Negative. 

f  To  palliate  thefe  Refolutions  to  the  Commons, 

the  Lords  appointed  a  confiderable  Committee  to 
confider  what  was  fit  to  be  delivered  to  them,  on  this 
Subject,  at  the  enfuing  Conference. 

The  fame  Day  another  Conference  was  held  be- 
tween the  two  Houfes  ;  in  which  the  Commons 
communicated  to  the  Lords  fome  Letters  which 
they  had  received  from  their  General  in  the  North, 
the  Lord  Fairfax,  and  other  Officers,  concerning  the 
taking  of  Wakefield^  &c.  and  that  they  had  voted  a 
public  Thankfgiving  for  the  fame;  which  the  Lords 
agreed  to.  Thefe  Letters,  which  were  addrefled  to 
the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  were  ordered 
to  be  printed  and  published  e. 

Lord   FAIRFAX'*   LETTER. 

SIR, 

A  Letter  from  TTP  O  N  the  6tb  of  this  Month  I  writ  to  you  by  * 
the  Lord  Fairfax^  fpecial  MeJJenger^  which  I  hope  is  come  to  your 
iShttSgH^-  Prejntly  after  the  Difpatch  of  that  Letter 
«f  fTakejeU,  the  News  was  brought  me,  that  the  Earl  cf  Nevv- 

caftle 

e  From  the  original  Edition,  published  by  Edivard  Hujtandt, 
May  17,  1643.  In  the  Title  Page  it  is  call'd  A  miraculous  ViSory 
obtained  by  the  Right  Honourable  Ferdinando  Lord  Fairfax,  agdinjitbe 
Ar^J  "ider  the  Command  of  the  Earl  of  Newcaftk,  at  W.ikefidd  ;  and 
has  the  following  remarkable  Inti eduction  : 

«  Whereas  it  has  too  often  been  feen.  that,  in  a  great  Appearance 
«  of  outward  Means,  we  are  over  confident  j  and  that,  in  the 

•  Smallnefs    or  Diminution    of   the    fame,   we    are    too   low    and 
«  diftrufttul ;  fo  walking  by  Sight,  and  not  by  Faith  j   The  Divine 

•  Goodnefc  and  Wifdczn,  to  wean  us  from  this  Corruption^  and  ta 

«  teack 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        269 

Caftle  had  poj/ejjed  himfelf  both  of  Rotherham  and  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
Sheffield  :  The  Forces   in  Rotherham   held  out  two        ^43* 
Days  Siege,  and  yielded  up   the  Town  upon  Treaty ;        Ty  M 
wherein  it  was  agreed,  that  the  Town  Jhould  not  be 
plundered,  and  that  all  the  Gentlemen,  Commanders^ 
and  Soldiers,  (fix  only  excepted,  that  were  fpecially 
named)  leaving  their  Arms,  Jhould  have  free  Liberty 
to  go  whither  they  pleafed :  But,  when  the  Enemy 
entered,    they   not   only,  contrary   to   their   Articles^ 
plundered  the  Town,  but  have  alfo  made  all  the  Com" 
manders  and  Soldiers  Prifoners,  and  do  endeavour 
to  conjlrain  them  to  take  up  Arms  on  their  Party. 

The 

f  teach  us  the  contrary  Leflbn,  to  walk  by  Faith  and  not  by  Sight, 
f  hath  often  wrought  and  given  great  Victories,  by  little  Means,  and 
'  unexpected  Ways. 

'  A  notable  Pattern  and  Proof  whereof  is  now  feen  in  the  Viftory 

*  given  at  Wakejield't  wherein  God  gave  a  happy  Succefs  upon  great 

*  Difadvantage  and  Inequality,  a  far  lefTcr  Number,  even  lefs  by 
'  half,  overcoming  a  greater  in  a  fortified  Town,  and  the  Perfons 
'  taken  far  exceeding  in  Number  thofe  that  took  them  ;  and  all  this 
'  not  with  the  Lofs  often  Perfons.  As  this  calls  for  the  Eye  of  Faith, 
'  fpiritually  to  difcern  the  great  Power  and  Goodnefs  of  God,  which 
'  gives  the  Advantage  of  Victory  on  the  Side  of  the  Difadvantage  in 
'  outward  Force  ;  fo  it  calls  upon  us  to  maintain  and  continue  a  Courfe 
'  of  Faith  for  the  Time  to  come  j  and,  by  continually  looking  up  to 
'  God,  and  Dependence  on  him,  to  expeft  from  his  Goodnefs  and 
'  Bounty  the  like  Bleffing  in  other  Times  of  Inequality  and  Difadvan- 
'  tage.    And  as  this  ought  to  confirm  our  Expectations  for  the  future, 
'  fo,  both  now  and  hereafter,  when  God's  Strength  doth  fo  vifibly  ap- 
'  pear  in  our  Weaknefs,  we  ought  to  give  the  whole  Glory  and 
'  Praife  to  his  Strength,  and  none  to  our  own  Weaknefs. 

«  Thankfulnefs  for  Blefiings  paft  being  an  Invitation  of  Blefiings 
'  to  come  j  and  God  not  failing  to  fupply  that,  which  he  knows 

*  will  certainly  turn  to  his  own  Glory.     Neither  ought  our  Thankf- 

*  giving  only   to  bound  itfelf  in  Words,  or  in  fhort  Thoughts  and 
«  Intentions  j  but  it  mould  efpecially  be  exprefled  in  a  hearty  and  real 
'  Converfion  and  Conformity  of  Soul  and  Life  to  him,  whofe  Will 

*  oueht  to  be  the  Rule  of  our  Life,  and  whofe  Service  is  the  End  of 
'  our  Being. 

«  Let  it  alfo  be  further  obferved,  That  both  this  and  other  Viflo- 

*  ries  have  been  given  on  that  Day,  which  hath  been  fo  much  op- 
'  pofcd  by  difiblute  and  Popiih  Perfons,  even  to  a  Confutation  of  it 
«  by  fet  Difcourfes  and  practical  Profanations. 

«  And  having  given  all  the  Glory  to  God,  it  is  next  juft  and  com- 
«  mendable  to  take  Notice  of  thofe  whom  God  hath  vouchfafed  fo 
«  ufe  in  his  Service,  as  to  encourage  them  in  God's  Work,  and 
'  that  Caufe  which  God  doth  maintain  by  his  own  mighty  and  out- 
«  ftretched  Arm,  thus  made  good  in  this  extroidinary  botii  Deliver- 
«  ance  and  Victory,' 


270       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  19.  Car.  I  The  Commanders  at  Sheffield  bearing  of  the  Lofs  df 
Rotherham,  and  feeing  fame  of  the  Enemy's  Forces 
advanced  in  View  of  the  Town,  they  all  prejently 
defer  ted  the  Place.,  as  not  tenable  with  fo  few  againjl 
fo  potent  an  Army  ;  and  fled  away  with  their  Arms, 
feme  to  Chefterfield,  and  fome  to  Manchefter. 

The  Loft  of  thtfe  two  Places  hath  much  elated  the 
Enemy,  and  caft  down  the  Spirits  of  the  People  in 
thefe  Parts,  who  daily  fee  the  Enemy  increafe  m 
Power,  and  to  gain  Ground ;  and  no  Succours  come 
to  them  from  any  Part :  The  Earl  of  Newcaftle'j 
Army  do  now  range  over  all  the  South-Weft  Part  of 
this  County,  f  [pillaging  and  cruelly  ufing  the  well- 
affe&ed  Party]  and  the  lajl  Week  there  was  a  Gar- 
rifon  of  Horje  and  Foot  laid  at  Knarefbrough, 
where  they  begin  to  fortify  the  Town,  [and  pillage 
and  utterly  ruin  all  the  religious  People  in  thole 
Parts,  and  round  about  them.] 

On  Friday  Se'nnight  laft  three  Troops  and  fome 
ether  Forces,  if  which  many  were  French,  came 
from  that  Gar  rifon  and  pillaged  Otley,  [and  there 
barbaroufly  ufed  fome  honeft  \Vomen  of  that  Town] 
and,  in  their  Retreat  to  Knare{brough,  upon  the 
Fore  ft  they  took  a  Man  and  a  Woman  ;  the  Man 
they  wounded  and  beat  cruelly,  and  before  his  Face 
ravi/hed  the  Woman. 

Thefe  Particulars  I  repeat,  that  you  may  the  more 
clearly  difccrn  the  Mifcries  winch  this  Country  groans 
under ;  and  here,  about  Leeds,  Bradford,  and  Ha- 
lifax, being  a  mountainous  barren  Country,  the  People 
now  begin  to  be  fenfible  of  Want ;  their  lajl  Tear's 
Proviftons  being  fpent,  and  the  Enemy's  Garrifons 
flopping  all  Provijions  both  of  Corn  and  Flejh,  and 
ether  NeceJJaries  that  were  wont  to  come  from  the 
more  fruitful  Countries  to  them  ;  their  Trade  ut- 
terly taken  away,  their  Poor  grow  innumerable,  and 
great  Scarcity  of  Means  to  relieve  them.  And  this 
Army,  which  now  lies  amongjl  them  to  defend  them 

from 

f  This  and  the  following  Letter  are  printed  in  Rujbtuortb  ;  but 
the  Introduction  before  given,  and  the  PalTages  between  Cro'chets 
are  emitted  ;  as  is  Jikewife  the  Pollfcript  in  Mr.  Stetkdeli's  Letter, 
relating  to  the  King's  Commiflion  for  plundering, 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       271 

from  the  Enemy,  cannot  defend  them  from  Want, 
which  caufeth  much  Murmur  and  Lamentation  among  ft 
the  People.  And  for  the  Army  iifelf,  it  is  fo  far  in 
Arrear,  and  no  &av  appearing  how  they  Jhall  either 
be  fitpplied  with  Money  or  Succours,  as  they  grow 
very  mutinous. 

Yet,  upon  Saturday  la  ft,  in  the  Night,  1  caufed 
to  be  drawn  out  of  the  Garrifons  in  Leeds,  Brad- 
ford, Halifax,  and  Howley,  fome  Horfe,  Foot,  and 
Dragoonerst  in  alt  about  1500  Men,  and  fent  them 
again/I  Wakefield,  commanded  by  my  Son,  and  af- 
fifted  by  Major-General  Giffbrd,  Sir  Henry  Fowlis, 
and  Sir  William  Fairfax,  with  divers  other  Com- 
manders :  They  appeared  before  Wakefield  about 
Four  o'clock  on  Sunday  in  the  Morning,  where  they 
found  the  Enerr.y,  who  had  Intelligence  of  their  De- 
Jign,  ready  to  receive  them  ;  there  was  in  the  Town 
General  Goring,  Serjeant -Major -General  Mack- 
worth,  the  Lord  Goring,  with  many  other  princi- 
pal Commanders  and  eminent  Perfons,  about  feven 
Troops  of  Horfe,  and  fix  Regiments  containing  3000 
Foot  j  the  Town  well  fortified  with  Works,  and 
four  Pieces  of  Ordnance  ;  yet  our  Men,  both  Com- 
manders and  common  Soldiers,  went  on  with  un- 
daunted Courage  j  and,  notwithstanding  the  thick 
Follies  of  fmall  and  great  Shot  from  the  Enemies* 
charged  up  to  their  Works,  which  they  entered^ 
feized  upon  their  Ordnance,  and  turned  them  upon 
themfehes  j  and  purfued  the  Enemy  fo  clofe  as  they 
beat  quite  out  of  the  Town  the  mo  ft  Part  of  the 
Horfe,  and  a  great  Number  of  the  Foot,  and  made 
all  the  rejl  Prisoners ;  with  them  they  took  four 
Pieces  of  Ordnance,  and  all  the  Ammunition  then  in 
the  Town,  and  a  great  Number  of  Arms ;  and* 
among/I  the  Prifoners,  General  Goring  himfelf,  with 
divers  other  Commanders  and  other  common  Soldiers, 
in  all  about  1500  Men,  27  Colours  of  Foot,  and 
three  Cornets  of  Horfe  ;  of  which  I  fend  a  more  par- 
ticular Account  inclofed.  The  more  exatt  and  parti- 
cular Relation  of  this  Service,  as  it  is  tejlified  to  me 
under  the  Hands  of  the  principal  Commanders  em- 
ployed 


272       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY- 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  ployed  in  that  Defjgn,  I  fend  you  inclofed  for  you? 
1643  better  Information  ;  and  truly,  for  my  Part,  I  d» 
d  --v^"«J  rather  account  it  a  Miracle  than  a  Victory ;  and  the 
^'  Glory  and  P^aife  be  afcribed  to  God  that  wrought 
it ;  in  which,  I  hope,  1  derogate  nothing  from  the 
Merits  of  the  Commanders  and  Soldiers,  who  every 
Man,  in  his  Place  and  Duty,  Jhewed  as  much  Cou- 
rage and  Refolution  as  could  be  expefted  from  Men. 
When  the  Town  was  thus  taken,  they  found  their 
Number  and  Strength  too  weak  to  keep  it  and  their 
Prisoners,  fo  left  the  Place  and  marched  away  with 
their  Booty. 

In  taking  the  Town  we  loft  no  Man  of  Note,  and 
only  feven  Men  in  all ;  of  which  one  was  the  Clerk  of 
the  Stores,  an  Enfign  of  Foot,  and  one  Quarter-  majler 
tf  Horfe,  the  reft  common  Soldiers  ;  but  many  of  our 
Men  were  Jhot  and  wounded.  This  Overthrow  hath 
much  enraged  the  Enemy,  who  threaten  a  prefer.t  Re- 
venge, and  are  drawing  all  their  Forces  this  Way  to 
tffett  it. 

I  perceive  there  are  Succours  fent  to  Lincolnfhire 
and  other  adjacent  Counties,  which,  if  they  were 
here,  might  be  employed  to  as  much  advantage  for 
the  Public  Safety,  as  in  any  Place.  I  defire  our 
Condition  may  be  ferioujly  thought  on  by  the  Houfe, 
and  the  Aids,  often  prcmifed,  may  prefently  march 
away  to  us  j  and  that  Col.  Cromwell,  with  his  Horfe 
and  Foot,  may  alfo  be  ordered  to  march  to  me ; 
that,  being  joined  together,  I  may  be  able  to  draw 
this  Army  into  the  Field,  and  gain  frejh  Quarters 
for  the  Soldiers,  and  furni/h  ourfelves  with  Powder  9 
jirms,  and  Ammunition  ;  which  is  now  grown  very 
fcarce^  and  cannct  be  fupplied  until/  the  Pajfage 
to  Hull  be  forced  open,  which  now  is  pojfejjed  by 
the  Enemy.  If  fuch  Succours  come  not  timely  to 
us,  we  cannot  long  fubjijl,  but  muft  be  forced  to 
accept  of  dijhonourable  Conditions  ;  which,  befides  the 
Lofs  and  Ruin  of  this  Country,  will  be  a  great  Difad- 
vantage  to  the  general  Safety  ;  and,  withall,  fame 
Courfe  muft  be  thought  on  to  furnifn  fame  large  Propor- 
tion of  Money  to  defray  the  Soldiers  Arrears^  which  1 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        273 

lefeech  you  to  endeavour  for  them  and  me,   who  An,  19.  Car.  1, 
am  t     l643>     . 

Your  moft  affectionate  M»7 

Leeds,  May  23, 

1643-  Friend  and  Servant, 

FER.  FAIRFAX. 

P.  S.  1  fend  you  a  Letter  inclofed  from  the  Lord 
Goring  to  his  Son,  General  Goring,  found  in  his 
Chamber  at  Wakefield,  which  will  let  the  Houfe 
fee  the  Enemies  great  Dejire  to  have  this  Army  ruin- 
ed,  that  they  mighty  with  their  whole  Force,  march 
Southwards. 

Lord  GORING'J  LETTER  to  his  SON. 

George, 

Saw  what  you  wrote  to  H.  Jermin,  and  find 
that  the  Bufmefs  will  be  put  on  that  Way  : 
But  I  am  of  Opinion  that  your  General  will  never 
'  confent  to  it,    the   latter  Way  of  dividing   his 
'  Force,  unlefs  it  be  in  the  Country  where  he  will 

*  abide  himfelf ;  this  will  be  tried  To-morrow,  at 
'  his  Return  hither,  where  the  Queen  expects  him. 
4  In  the  Interim,  if  it  were  poflible  to  give  the 
'  Enemy  any  fuch  Knock,  or  confiderable  Difturb- 

*  ance  to  the  Country   round   about  them,  which 
'  hath  not  yet  felt  the  Mifery  of  their  Neighbours, 
'  I  would  not  doubt  the  Treaty  might  be  refumed 

*  again  ;  by  which  Means,  and  by  no  other,  your 

*  Army   may   be  fet   at   Liberty  to  change  your 

*  Stations,  and  do  fomething  that  may  be  of  Con- 

*  fequence    indeed.     I    pray    you    think    ferioufly 

*  hereof,  and  once  in  your  Life  follow  the  Advice 
•of 

Tour  left  Friend, 

Jtpil  17,  1643.  and  dearly  loving  Father, 

GORING. 

'  After  I  had  fealed  my  Letter  I  was  advifed  to 

*  advertife  you,  that  the  Lord  Fairfax  never  be- 

VOL.  XII.  S  *  lievcd 


274      We  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car,  I.<  lieved  you  would  look  into  the  Parts  where  novr 

1643.  .     <  you  arC)  but  intended  to  draw  back  to  the  Place 

Vjv— -^    <  from  whence  you  came,  which  made  him  fo  lofty 

ay*        '  in  his  Conditions  ;  wherefore,  if  you  can  (as  my 

«  Authors  propofe)  get  between  Bradford  and  Leeds, 

*  you  will  fo  annoy,  divert,  and  feparate  them  in 

*  all  their  Defigns,  as  you  may   be  furc  to  carry 
'  Halifax  and  Bradford  on  that  Hand,  or  Leeds  on 

*  the  other.     Take  this  to  Heart,  and   let  General 

*  King,  with  my  humble  Service,  know  thus  much, 
'  not  as  new  to  him  and  the  reft  of  you,  but  as  that 

*  which   all  the  wifeft  and  moft  knowing  Men  in 
'  the  Country  advife  and  hope ;  this  will  fo  hare 
'  them,  and  fatisfy  this  Country,  and  will  give  fuch 
'  other  Advantages  as  will  render  you  happy  and 
'  glorious  too  ;  whereas,  on  the  contrary,  all  will 
'  fall  flat,  both  in  Power  and  Reputation,  paft  Ex- 

*  preflion ;  her  Majefty  will  be  either  unprovided  of 
'  fuch  a  Convoy  from  thence  as  is  fit  for  her  and 

*  the  King's  prefent  Occafions,   or  clfe  leave  this 

*  Country  naked  to  the  Tyranny  of  the  mercilefs 
'  Enemy,  contrary  to  Contract  and  all  due  Juftice. 

*  This  is  the  Opinion  of  others  far  better  able  to  ad- 

*  vile  than  he  that  fo  heartily  prays  for  you,  and  is 

York,  Jprii  17,  Yours* 

1643. 

GORING. 

P.  S.  «  Cudgel  them  to  a  Treaty,  and  then  let 
'  us  alone  for  the  reft.' 

A  LETTER  from  Sir  THOMAS  FAIRFAX  and  other 

Officers. 

f\  N  Saturday  Nighty  the  2.0th  of  May,  the  Lord- 
^•^  General  gave  Order  for  a  Party  of  IOOO  Foot, 
three  Companies  of  Dragooners,  and  eight  Troops  of 
Horfe,  to  match  from  the  Garrifons  of  Leeds,  Brad- 
ford, Halifax,  and  Howley.  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax 
commanded  in  Chief ;  the  Foot  were  commanded  by 
Serjeant- Afujor-General  Gifford  and  Sir  William 
Fairfax;  the  Horfe  were  divided  into  tivo  Bodies, 
four  Troops  commanded  ly  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  and 

: .  . :      the 


•Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       275 

the  other  four  Troops  by  Sir  Henry  Foulis.    Howley  Aa-  T9«  Par.  I. 
was  the  Rendezvous,  where  they  all  met  on  Saturday        if4!* 
loft,  about  Twelve  o'clock  at  Night ;  about  Two  next        Tj~     - 
Morning  they  marched  away,  and  coming  to  Stanley, 
where  two  of  the  Enemy's  Troops  lay  with  fame  Dra- 
gooners,  that  Quarter   wss   beaten    up,   and  about 
twenty-one-  Prisoners  taken.     About  Four  o'clock  in 
the  Morning  we   came  before  Wakefield  ;  where^ 
after  fame  of  their  Horfe  were  beaten  into  the  Town9 
the  Foot)  with  vnfpeakable  Courage,  beat  the  Enemies 
from  the  Hedges,  which  they  had  lined  with  Mufque- 
tetrs,  into  the  Town,  and  ajfaulted  it  in  two  Places^ 
Wrengate  and  Northgate.     After  an  Hour  and  a 
Half's  Fight  we  recovered  one  of  their  Pieces,  and 
turned  it  upon  them,  and  entered  the  Town  at  both 
Places,  at  one  and  the  Jame  Time  :  When  the  Barri- 
cadoes  were  opened,  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  with  the 
Horfe,  fell  into  the  Town,  and  cleared  the  Street ; 
where  Col.  Goring  was  taken  by  Lieutenant  Alured, 
Brother  to  Capt.  Alured,  a  Member  of  the  Houfe ; 
yet  in  the  Market-Place  there  flood  three  Troops  of 
Horfe,  and  Col.  Lambton'j  Regiment,  to  whom  Ma- 
jor-General Gifford  fent  a  Trumpet  with  Offer  of 
Quarter,   if  they  would  lay  down  their  Arms ;  they 
anfwered,  They  fcorned  the  Motion  j  then  he  fired 
a  Piece  of  their  own  Ordnance  upon  them,  and  the 
Horfe  fell  in  upon  them,  beat  them  out  of  the  Towny 
and  took  alt  thefe  Officers  hereafter-mentioned,  alfo 
twenty  feven  Colours  of  Foot,  three  Cornets  of  Horfe , 
and  about  1500  common  Soldiers.     The  Enemy  had  in 
Wakefield  3000  Foot,  and  feven  Troops  cf  Horfe, 
be/ides  Col  Lambton'j  Regiment,  which  came  into  the 
Town  after  we  had  entered  it.     The  Enemy  left  be- 
innd  them  four  Piece:  of  Ordnance,  with  Ammuni- 
tion, which  we  brought  away  ;  and  made  the  follow- 
ing Commanders  Prifoners,    viz.  General  Goring  ; 
Sir  Thomas  Bland,  Lieutenant-Colonel  to  Sir  George 
\Ventworth  ;  Lieutenant-Colonels  Saint  George  and 
Macmoyler  ;  Serjeant- Major  Carr  ;  Captains,  Carr, 
Knight,   Wildbore,  Rudfton,    Pemberton,    Croft, 
Legard,  Lafliley,   Kayley,    and  Nuttall ;  Captain- 
Lietctenant  Benfon  j  Serjeant- Major  Carnabie,  and 
S  2  Capt, 


276       ^ke  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19,  Car.  l.Capt.  Nuttall  left  wounded  in  Wakefield,  upon  their 

^643^        Engagements  to  be  truePrifoners ;  Lieutenant  s,Monclp- 

June.        ton»  Thomas,  Wheatley,  Kent,  and  Nicholfon  ; 

JLnfignS)    Squire,    Vavafor,    Mafkew,     Lambton, 

Ducket,  Stockeld,  Baldwinfon,  Davis,  Carr,  Gib- 

fon,  Smathweight,  Ballinfon,  Watfon,  Spielt,  and. 

Haliburtonj  Cornet  Wyv'M. 

THOMAS  FAIRFAX,  JOHN  HOLMAN, 

HENRY  FOULIS,  ROBERT  FOWLIS, 

JOHN  GIFFORD,  TITVS  LEIGHTON, 

WILLIAM  FAIRFAX,  FRANCIS  TALBOT. 

Annexed  to  the  foregoing  Letter  we  find  Part  of 
a  Poftfcript  wrote  by  another  Hand. 

/  had  forgotten,  in  the  Letter  to  the  Speaker ,  to 
mention  the  new  CommiJ/ions  granted  by  the  King  ; 
•wherein  his  Majcjly,  according  to  the  known  Laws 
ef  the  Land  (as  all  Things  are  faid  to  be  done)  gives 
Liberty  to  the  Parties  to  whom  the  CommiJJions  are 
dire  ft  ed^  to  plunder  and  take  Men's  Eftates,  fo  as 
they  account  for  the  Moiety  of  the  Profit  to  his  Maje- 
Jij :  Thi*  is  confej/ed  by  the  Captains  now  Prifoners 
hire. 

Your  Servant, 

From  Leeds,  May  23, 

1643-  THOMAS  STOCKDELL. 

//  is  now  about  three  IVeeks  Jince  we  had  any 
Letter  from  you,  or  any  Advertifement  from  the 
South. 

An  Order  rela-     7une  2>  ^n  a  Motion  in  the  Houfe  of  Com- 

ting  to  the  Re- mons,  That  the  Dean,  Sub-Dean,  and  Preben- 

galia  in  ireft-  tjarjes  of  IVeJlminfter  Abbey,  {hould   be  required 

y<  to  deliver   up  the  Keys   of  the  Treafury  there, 

where   the  Regalia    were   kept,    that    the   Place 

might  be  fearched,  and  a  Report  of  it  made  to  the 

Houfe,   the   Queftion   was   put,    Whether,    upon 

Refufal  of  the  Keys,  the  Door  of  that  Place  fhould 

be  broke  open?    It  patted   in  the  Negative,   58 

againft 


Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        277 

againft  37  :  But,  the  next  Day,  the  fame  Queftion  An,  19.  Car.  t. 
being  again  put,  with  the  Addition  of  an  Inventory        l643« 
of  the  Things  there  to  be  taken,  new  Locks  put    ^^^"^ 
on  the  Doors,  and  nothing  removed  till  upon  fur-        ''unc* 
ther  Order  of  the  Houle,  it  was  carried  by  fo  fmall 
a  Majority  as  42  againft  41,   for  breaking  open 
the  Doors. 

The  important  Town  of  Newcaftle  upon  Tyne Another  for  re- 
had  been,  for  fome  Time  paft,  in  the  Hands  rf*wn« 
the  King's  Forces  ;  by  which  the  City  of  London'"^'* 
was  much  ftraitened  for  Coals,  the  Works  and 
Mines  for  digging  this  ufeful  Commodity  being  all 
engrofled  by  the  Royalifts,  as  well  as  the  feveral 
Ports  from  which  it  was  {hipped  off  and  conveyed 
to  London.  To  remedy  this  great  Inconvenience 
to  the  City,  after  many  Confultations  and  Confe- 
rences, a  Scheme  was  publifhed,  put  on  the  FOP*- 
ing  of  the  Adventurers  for  Ireland;  by  v^'ch 
Means  thofe  Northern  Parts  of  England  w^e  to  be 
as  much  a  conquered  Country  as  the  J^er  >  an^ 
the  Lands  and  Eftatesof  many  great  rami^es  foared 
out  amongft  thofe  who  would  v^ure  to  advance 
Money  for  this  Expedition.  -in  Ordinance  to  that 
Purpofe  was  paffed  by  )oth  Houfes,  about  this 
Time,  and  ordered  to-»e  printed  and  publifhed. 

June  5.  A  TTStition  from  the  Univerfity  of  Cam- 
bridge wa^1"6^11^  to  tne  Lords  :  That  of  Oxford 
v-as,  ?*  this  Time,  protected  from  the  Parliament's 
Refentment,  by  the  King's  Refidence  there  with 
his  Army  ;  but  what  her  Sifter  fufFered  is  beft  ex- 
preiTed  in  her  own  Words  : 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  and  COM- 
MONS now  aflembled  in  the  High  Court  of  Par- 
liament, 

The  HUMBLE  P  E  T  i  T  i  o  N  of  the  Univerfity  of 

Cambridge 

TTUmbly  prefentetb  to  your  Honourable  Confidera-  Petition  from 
•••••    tion  the  fad  dejeffed  State  of  the  Univerfity  ; the  YniTer% 0£' 
how  our  Schook  dally  grow  deflate,  mourning  theCambnd^ 
S  3  Al- 


278     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Aa.  19.  Car.  \.Abfence  of  their  Profe/ors,  and  their  wonted  Audi" 
^J     '".    tories  ;  how,  in  our  Colleges ,  0«>-  Numbers  grow  thin 
'     Juae.        an^  our  RfVfnues  Jhort ;  and  what  Subfiftence  we 
have  abroad  is,  for  the  moji  Part,  involved  in  the 
common  Afiferies ;  how,  frighted  by  the  neigbtntring 
Noife  of  War,  our  Students  either  qrtit  their  Gowns 
or  abandon  their  Studies  ;  how  our  Degrees  lie  dif- 
efteemed,  and  all  Hopes  of  our  public  Commencements 
are  blafted  in  the  Bud ;  *befides  fundry  other  Incon- 
veniences which  we  forbear  to  mention. 

We  cannot  but  conceive  ymr  Honourable  Piety 
(out  of  a  noble  Zeal  for  Learning)  will  duly  pity 
cur  fad  Condition ;  and,  as  the  prefent  general  Ca- 
lamities give  Way,  afford  us  fame  Succour  and  En- 
couragement. 

Tour  Jt'ifdoms  beft  kriow  what  Privileges  and 
Immunities  have  been^  in  all  good  Times ,  afforded 
to  it>e  Seats  of  Learning  and  Profe/ors  of  it ;  and, 
even  ih  the  Fury  and  Heat  of  War,  Places  of  Re- 
ligion an&.  Devotion  have  ufually  not  only,  on  both 
Sides,  been  fared  from  Ruin,  but  fttpported  and 
ejieemed  as  Safi£t**jfot  Hence  it  is  that  the  Mem- 
bers of  our  Univerjt*.  ^y  Charter  confirmed  by  Aft 
of  Parliament)  are  ex?..rs/y  fre,d  from  aii  Prepa- 
rations and  Contributions  >.  jVar  .  fjenie  it  /,. 
that,- in  neighbouring  Territory  where  ihe  Excye 
is  mojl  in  Ufe,  the  Umverfity,  with  uv  t^r  Students, 
are  exempt. 

May  it  therefore  not  be  difpleafing  to  yt,*r  p,'aus 
Wtfdoms,  if,  in  all  Humility,  we  crave  at  yaur  ILjndi 
a  tender  Conjideration  of  our  Cafe  j  that  you  wiTt  be 
pleafed  to  exempt  our  poor  EJJates  from  all  fuch 
Hates  and  Impofitions ;  to  vouchfafe  fuch  Freedom  ta 
our  Perfons,  not  giving  jujl  Offence,  as  may  enabU 
us  the  better  to  keep  together,  and  daily  to  offer  up 
cur  joint  Prayers  to  God  for  a  blejjed  Union  betwixt 
cur  gracious  Sovereign  and  yout  and  the  BleJJing  of 
Ptace  upon  the  Land. 

After  this  Petition  the  Ordinance  of  the  Lords 
and  Commons,  formerly  made,  was  read,  for  the 
calling  an  Affembly  of  learned  and  godly  Divines, 

to 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       279 

to  be   confulted  with  by  Parliament,  for  the  fet  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
tling  the  Government  and  Liturgy  of  the  Church        l643- 
of  England  ;  and  vindicating  and  clearing  the  Doc-    ^— — \<~— -J. 
trine  of  the  faid  Church  from  falfe  Afperfions  and        •'une' 
Interpretations.     This  Ordinance  was  referred   to 
the  Confideration  of  thirteen  Lords,  appointed   as 
a  Committeee,  to  report  the  fame  to  the  Houfe. 
This  Afiembly  of  Divines  foon  after  met,  to  the  Meeting  of  the 
Number  of  fixty-nine,  in  Henry  Vllth's  Chapel,  Afombly  of  Di- 
in  the  Abbey  of  Wejlminjler,  where  a  Sermon  waej^"*"^""' 
preached,  before  them  and  the  two  Houfes  of  Par- 
liament, by  Dr.  Twift,  their  Prolocutor ;  and,  a 
Day  or  two  after,  a  public  Faft  was  kept  by  them*. 
What  they  did,  when  met  together,  will  appear  in 
the  Sequel. 

June  8.  The  Houfe  of  Commons  had  been  very  A  Plot  againft 
bufy,  feme  Days,  in  tracing  out  a  Plot  againft  thethe  parliauientS 
Parliament,  and  fecuring  the  Authors  and  Contri- 
vers of  it.  The  Names  of  thefe  Confpirators  were, 
Mr.  Waller^  a  Member  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
and  one  of  their  late  Commilfioners 'at  Oxford? 
Mr.  lomkins^  Mr.  Cbaloner,  and  others,  whofe 
Defign,  being  amply  related  by  Lord  Clarendon^ 
'Rujhworth,  and  other  Hiftorians,  we  fhall  confine 
our  Account  of  it  to  what  the  Journals  and  the 
Pamphlets  of  thefe  Times  afford  us.  It  appears  from 
the  former  that 

This  Day,  at  a  Conference,  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons produced  the  Examinations  they  had  taken 
concerning  this  Plot,  to  prove  the  Particulars  of  it, 
and  alfo  made  fome  Obfervations  thereupon.  They 
then  prefented  to  the  Lords  the  Form  of  an  Oath, 
or  Covenant,  which  the  Members  of  their  Houfe, 
for  the  moft  Part,  had  already  taken,  except  a  fewJWlljch g;vesRjre 
who  defired  fome  Days  to  confider  of  it ;  and  this  to  a  new  Oath, 
they  requested  the  Houfe  of   Lords  to  take  alfo.orCovenant' 
They  further  brought  up  an  Oath,  or  Covenant,  to 
be  taken  by  the  whole  Kingdom,  for  Difcovery  of 
fuch  Defigns  as  thefe,  and  to  exprefs  a  Deteftation 

of 

a  The  Ordinance  for  calling  this  Aflemblv  is  at  Length  in  Rnjbwortbt 
Vol.  V.  p,  337,  and  in  Hufoands'sCel/eflicns,  p.  208,  whereby  it  ag. 
pears  that  a  vaft  Number  more  were  named  than  met  at  this  Time. 


280      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Jin.  19.  Car.  l.0f  all  of  the  like  Nature.  Laftly,  they  faid  it  was 
to  diftinguifh  the  good  and  the  well-affeded  Party 
from  the  bad,  and  unite  the  former  fafter  together 
amongft  themfelves. 

This  Affair,  Whitlocke  tells  us,  was  long  debated 
in  the  Houfe  of  Commons  ;  but  was,  at  laft,  car- 
ried, and  thofe  Members  looked  upon  as  difaffe&ed 
•who  were  any  way  backward  in  taking  of  it.  And, 
after  another  long  Debate,  it  was  ordered  to  be  ta- 
ken by  all  Perfons,  in  City  and  Country  j  and  thofe 
who  refufed  it  had  the  Mark  of  Malignancy  fixed 
upon  them. 

Next  the  Commons  offered  fome  Votes,  which 
had  patted  their  Houfe  to  the  Lords,  for  their  Con- 
currence ;  as, 

1.  'That  a  particular  fliort  Day  may  be  appointed, 
wherein  both  Lords  and  Commons,  with  the  Cities 
of  London  and  IVeftminjler ',  &c.  may  meet  and  give 
public  Thanks  to  God  for  this  Difcovery  and  great 
Deliverance.'     Agreed;  and  the  i3th  Inftant  ap- 
pointed for  the  Parliament  and  City,  and  that  Day 
Month  for  the  whole  Kingdom. 

2.  *  That  a  free  Pardon  {hall  be  granted  for  all 
fuch  Perfons  that  have  been  in  this  Plot,  and  are 
not  yet  taken,  nor  have  fled,  as  mall  come  in  volun- 
tarily before  the  I5th  of  this  Month,  and  difcover 
their  whole  Knowledge  of  this  Defign,  and  {hall 
heartily  join  with  the  Parliament  in  Defence  of  the 
Kingdom. 

3.  *  That  it  be  recommended  to  the  City  to  have 
a  itrider  Guard  kept  till  this  Bufmefs   be  fettled ; 
and  that  fome  better  Courfe  may  be  taken  for  fecu- 
ring  the  Priloners,  and  keeping  them  in  clofe  Cu- 
ftody. 

4.  «  That  Letters  be  fent  to  the  Earl  of  War- 
wick,  to  inform  him  of  this.  Plot ;  and  that  the  faid 
Oath  may  be  taken  by  all  the  Officers  and  Mariners 
through  the  whole  Fleet. 

The  Lords  agreed  to  every  one  of  thefe  Votes, 
without  any  Alteration. 

The 


O/    ENGLAND.         281 

The  Commons  alfo  thought  fit  to  fend  a  Deputa-  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
tion  of  their  Houfe  into  the  City,  as  this  Day,  to  t     '_64*     M 
make  the  fame  Narrative  to  them  as  was  made  to        june. 
the  Lords.     Mr.  Pymme,  being  chofen  Orator  for 
this  Purpofe,  delivered  himfelf,  at  a  Common-Hall, 
in  thefe  Words  b  : 

My  Lord  Mayor ',  and  you  worthy  Citizens  of  this 
famous  and  magnificent  City, 


(  "\TI  7"  E  are  fent  hither  to  you  from  the  Houfe  Mr. 
VV  of  Commons,  to  make  known  to  you {^ 
the  Difcovery  of  a  great  and  mifchievous  Defign,  at^' 
tending  not  only  to  the  Ruin  and  Deftru&ion  of 
the  City  and  of  the  Kingdom  ;  but,  in  thofe  Ruins, 
jikewife  to  have  buried  Religion  and  Liberty.  I 
might  call  it  a  ftrange  Defign  (though,  in  thefe  late 
Times,  Defigns  of  this  Kind  have  been  very  fre- 
quent) becaufe  it  exceeds  others  in  divers  confi- 
derable  Circumftances  of  it  j  in  the  Malice  of  the 
Intention,  Subtilty  of  Contrivance,  Extent  of  Mif- 
chief,  and  Nearnefs  of  Execution ;  all  which  arofe 
from  the  Wickednefs  of  the  Authors.  Two  others 
may  be  added  ;  that  is,  the  Clearnefs  of  the  Dif- 
covery and  Proof,  and  the  Greatnefs  of  the  De- 
liverance, proceeding  from  the  great  Mercies  of 
God. 

*  I  mall,  in  the  opening  this  Defign,  take  this 
Courfe  for   my  own   Memory  and    yours ;    and 
obferve, 

«  Fir/1,  What  was  in  their  Aims. 

'  Secondly,  The  Variety  of  Preparations. 

*  Thirdly,  The  Degrees  of  Proceedings.     And, 

«  Fourthly,  The  Maturity  and  Readinefs  for  Ex- 
ecution. 

*  The  Parliament,  the  City,  and  the  Army,  feem 
to  be  the  three  vital  Parts  of  this  Kingdom  ;  wherein 
not  only  the  Well-being,  but  the  very  Life  and  Be- 
ing of  it  doth  confift ;  this  Mifchief  would  have 
ieized  upon  all  thefe  at  once. 

«  The 

b  From  the  Original  Edition,  printed  for  Peter  Cole,  in  CornbiH, 
near  the  Royal  Exchange ;  and  faid,  in  theTitle-Page,  to  be  corrected 
by  Mr,  Pjmtnis  own  Hand  for  the  Prefs, 


282       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car,  I.     c  f^  Qty  fhould   have  been  put  into  ftich  a 
.      *_4^         Combuftion,  as  to  have  your  Swords  imbrued  in 
June.        one  another's  Blood  :  The  Parliament  fhould  have 
been  corrupted,  and  betrayed  by  their  own  Mem- 
bers :   The  Army  deftroycd,  if  not  by  Force,  vet 
for  Want  of  Supply  and  Maintenance,  that  fo  they 
might  have  had  an  open  and  clearer  Way  to  the 
reft  which  they  had  in  Proportion  ;   efpecially  to 
that  main  and  fuprenie  End,  The  Extirpation  of 
Religion, 

'  I  ihall  tell  you,  firft,  out  of  what  Principles 
this  did  rife  ;  it  was  from  the  Afhes  of  another  De- 
fign  that  failed  ;  that  mutinous  Petition  which  was 
contrived  in  this  City ;  the  Actors  of  that  Peti- 
tion being  therein  ditappoinied,  they  fell  prefently 
into  Confultation  how  they  might  compaf:>  their 
former  End  in  another  Way  j  that  is,  under  Pre- 
tence of  fecuring  themfelves  by  Force  againft  the 
Ordinances  of  Parliament,  and,  under  Pretence  of 
procuring  Peace,  they  would  have  made  themfelves 
Mailers  of  the  City,  yea  of  the  whole  KU- 
and  they  would  have  ruined  and  deftroyed  all  thofe 
that  fliould  have  interrupted  them  in  their  mifchie- 
vous  Intentions. 

'  The  firft  Step  in  their  Preparation  was,  To 
appoint  a  Committtee  that  might  often  meet  toge- 
ther, and  confuh  how  they  might  compafs  this  wick- 
ed End. 

'  Their  next  was,  That  they  might  enable  that 
Committee  with  Intelligence  from  both  Armies, 
as  well  thofe  on  the  King's  Side,  (as  they  call  them- 
felves, though  we  be  of  the  King's  Side  indeed)  as 
thofe  that  are  raifed  by  the  Parliament ;  efpecially 
they  were  careful  to  underftand  the  Proceedings  of 
Parliament,  that  fo,  by  the  Advantage  of  this  In- 
telligence, they  might  the  better  effect  that  which 
they  had  in  Project,  and  find,  the  resdieft  and  the 
neareft  Ways  to  it. 

'  After  they  had  thus  provided  for  Intelligence, 
then  how  to  procure  Power  and  Countenance  to 
this  Action,  by  ibnie  appearing  Authority  from  his 

Ma- 


Of   ENGLAND.        283 

Majefty  :    For   which   Purpofe   they  projected    to  An,  19.  Car.  I. 
get  a  Commiffion  from  the  King,  whereby  many        1643- 
of  themfelves,  and  of  thofe  that  were  of  their  own    u— v— •«*- 
Confort,  fhould  be  eftablifhed  a  Council  of  War        >a<u 
in  London  and  Parts  adjacent,  with  Power  to  raife 
Forces,  make  Provisions  of  Ammunition,  and  of 
other  Kind  of  Arms,  and  to  give  Authority  to  the 
leading  and  conducting  of  thofe  Forces,  and  to  raife 
Money  for  the  Maintenance  of  them  j  and,  as  it  is 
exprelted  in  the  Commiflion,  for  the  Deftruclion  of 
the  Army  under  the  Command  of  Robert  Earl  of 
•fijfcv,  raifed  by  Authority  from  the  two  Houfes  of 
Parliament. 

'  Having  laid  thefe  Grounds,  I  mall,  in  the  next 
Place,  discover  to  you  thofe  that  mould  have  been 
Actors  and  Agents  in  this  Bufmefs,  their  feveral Qua- 
lifications and  Relations. 

*  The  firft  Sort  was  fome  Members  of  the  City, 
whereof  there  were  divers,  you  mall  hear  the  Names 
out  of  the  Proofs ;  the  next  was  (in  their  Pretence, 
as  they  gave  out)  Members  of  the  two  Houfes  of 
Parliament ;  the  third  Sort  was,  two  Gentlemen, 
Mr.  Waller  and  a  Brother-in-Law  of  his,  Mr.  Tom- 
kins^  that  were  to  be  Agents  betwixt  the  Parliament 
and  the  City,  as  they  pretended  ;  a  fourth  Sort  was, 
thofe  that  were  to  be  Meflcngers  to  convey  Intelli- 
gence from  this  Place  to  the  Court  at  Oxford^  and 
to  other  Places  where  there  fhould  be  Occafion;  and 
the  fifth  and  laft  confuted  but  in  one  Man,  that  we 
yet  difcover,  and  that  was  the  Lord  of  Falkland^ 
that  kept  Correfpondency  with  them  from  the 
Court :  Thefe  were  to  be  the  Adtors  in  this  mif- 
chievous  Defign. 

'  They  began  then  to  think  upon  fome  other 
Courfes  of  very  great  Advantage  to  themfelves. 

4  The  firft  was  of  Combination  ;  how  they  might 
ic  more  clofely  conjoined  one  to  another,  and  how 
Vey  might  be  more  fecure  from  all  others  that 
%e  not  of  the  fame  Party ;  and,  for  this  Pur- 
there  was  devifed  a  Proteftation  of  Secrecy, 
as  they  were  Chriftians,  they  did  bind 

them- 


284      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  themfelves  to  keep  one  another's  Counfel,  not  to 
reveal  that  which  they  had  Knowledge  of,  which 
they  were  trufted  with  :  And  the  fecond  was,  a 
Warinefs  in  difcovering  the  Bufinefs  to  any  of  thofe 
who  were  to  be  brought  into  the  Plot;  for  though 
they  came  in  amongft  them  to  be  of  them,  they 
would  not  truft  all  of  their  own  Body  :  But  they 
took  this  wary  and  fubtle  Courfe,  that  no  one 
Man  {hould  acquaint  above  two  in  this  Bufinefs, 
that  fo,  if  it  came  to  Examination,  it  {hould  never 
go  farther  than  three,  by  the  fame  Party  that  difco- 
vered  it  j  and  then  thofe  two  had  the  like  Pow<:r, 
that  anyone  of  them  might  difcover  it  to  two  others, 
that  fo  ftill  it  might  be  confined  within  the  Number 
of  three  :  Then  there  was  a  fpecial  Obligation, 
as  was  pretended  by  Mr.  Waller,  which  he  had 
made  to  thofe  that  he  faid  were  Members  of  both 
Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  confenting  to  this  Plot ; 
but  that  is  yet  but  a  Pretence,  no  Names  or  Par- 
ties are  known. 

*  After  they  had  provided  thus  for  their  Combi- 
nation, and  for  their  Security,  then,  in  the  next 
Place,  they  thought  of  fome   Means  of  Augmen- 
tation,   how  they  might  increafe  their  Numbers, 
and  draw  in  others  to  come  to  be  of  their  Party  ; 
and  for  this  they  did  refolve  to  ufe  all  their  Art  and 
Subtiky  to  irritate  Men's  Minds  againft  the  Parlia- 
ment ;  they  found  out  thofe  that  thought  themfelves 
moft  heavily  burdened    with    thele  Taxes ;    they 
did  cherifli  all  that  had  any  Difcontents  about  the 
AfTefTment,  advifing  them  to  repair  to  the  Com- 
mittee for  Eafe,  which  they  knew  would  be  difficult 
to  obtain  ;  and  that  they,  being  difappointed,  would 
be  more  enraged,  and  the  apter  to  join  with  them  in 
this  Plot. 

*  From  this  Care  of  Augmentation,  they  went 
in  the  next  Place,  to  find  out  fome  Means  of  Di 
covery  ;  that  they  might  know  how  far  their  Par/ 
did  extend,  who  were  of  their  Side,  and  who  wre 
againft  them  ;  and,  for  this  Purpofe,  they  did^e" 
vife  that  there  {hould  be  a  Survey  of  all  the  W^s, 

nay 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        285 

nay  of  all  the  Parimes,  within  the  City  of  Lon-&nt  ,9.  Car.  I. 
don,  the  Suburbs  and  Places  adjoining  in  every  Pa-        1643 
rifti,  to  obferve  thofe  that  were  for  them,  whom    *•— v—«J 
they  called   Right   Men;    and   others   that   were        ^^ 
againft  them,  whom  they  called  Averfe  Men  ;  and 
then  a  third  Sort,  whom  they  called  Neutrals  and 
Indifferent  Men ;  and  they  appointed  feveral  Per- 
fons,  that  were  trufted  with  this  Survey  and  In- 
quiry, to  find  out  thefe  feveral  Degrees  and  Sorts  in 
every  Parifh. 

'  *  Thus  far  this  Defign  feems  to  be  but  a  Work 
of  the  Brain,  to  confift  only  in  Invention  and  Sub- 
tilty  of  Defign  ;  but  the  other  Steps  and  Degrees, 
which  I  fhall  now  obferve  to  you,  will  make  it  to  be 
a  Work  of  the  Hand,  to  bring  it  fomewhat  nearer 
to  Execution. 

*  The  firft  Step  that  came  into  Action  and  Exe- 
cution was,  That  they  procured  this  Commiflion, 
which  they  had  before  defigned  and  endeavoured  to 
obtain  :  Now  they  had  obtained  a  Commiflion,  as 
I  told  you  before,  to  eftablifh  certain  Men,  feven- 
teen  in  Number  ;  their  Names  are  there  exprefTed  ; 
you  (hall  hear  them  read   to  you  j    they  were  to 
be  a  Council  of  War  here  within  the  City ;  thefe 
feventeen  Men  had  Power  to  name  others  to  them- 
felves,  to  the  Number  of  Twenty-one ;  and  they 
fhould  be  enabled  both  to  appoint  not  only  Colo- 
nels and  Captains,  and  other  inferior  Officers  of  an 
Army,  but  to  appoint  and  nominate  a  General ; 
they  had  Power  to  raife  Men,  to  raife  Arms  and 
Ammunition,    and  to  do  all  thofe  other  Things 
that  I  told  you  before  ;  and  to  lay  Taxes  and  Im- 
pofitions,  to  raife  Money,  and  to  execute  Martial 
Law. 

*  When  they  had  gone  thus  far,  in  the  next  Place 
they  did  obtain  a  Warrant  from  the  King  j  and  this 
was  to  Mr.  Chaloner,  that  he  might  receive  Money 
and  Plate  of  all  thofe,  that,  either  by  voluntary  Con- 
tribution or  Loan,  would  furnifh  the  King,  in  this 
Neceflity  of  his,  as  they  call'd  it ;  and  thereby  the 
King  was  obliged  to  the  Repayment  of  it :  This  was 
obtained. 

•By 


286       7&?  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  O»r.I.      '  By  this  cometh  in  the  Lift  ;  and  what  was  be- 
^f4!       fore  Part  of  the  Defign,  cometh  now  into  Ad;  the 
Citizens  that  were  trufted   with   framing   of  this 
Lift  brought  it  in,  except  in  fome  few  Parifh.es, 
under  thofe  Heads  of  Difcovery  that  I  formerly  told 
you  of;  that  is,  in  every  Parifh  who  were  Flight, 
who  were  Indifferent  and  Neutral,  and  who  were 
Averfe  j  and  thofe  were  brought  to  Mr.  Waller's 
Houfe.      After    they  had  delivered    that    Lift,  the 
Citizens  then  declared  themfelves  that  now  they 
had  done  their  Part ;    as  they   had   discovered   to 
them   a  Foundation  of  Strength,  they  did   expect 
from  them  again  a  Foundation  of  Countenance  and 
Authority,  that  was  from  both  Houfes  of  Parliament ; 
and  they  did  declare  that  they  would  proceed  no 
farther  till  they  knew  the  Names  of  thofe  Members 
of  both  Houfes   that  fhould  join  with  them,  and 
Ihould  undertake  to  countenance  this  Bufmefs.  Mr. 
Waller  made  this  Anfwer,  That  he  did  aflure  them, 
that  they  fhould  have  Members  of  both  Houfes, 
both  Lords  and  Commons,    to  join  with   them  ; 
that  he  himfelf  was  but  their  Mouth  ;  that  he  fpoke 
not  his  own   Words,    but  their  Words  ;    that  he 
was  but  their  Agent,  and  did  their  Work  ;    that 
they  {hould  have  of  the  ableft,  of  the  befr,.  and 
of  the  greateft  Lords,  and  the  greateft  Number  ; 
nay,  that  they  fhould  pick  and  chufe  ;    that  they 
could  not  with  for  a  Lord,  whom  he  doubted  not 
but  to  procure  them  :  This  was  the  Vanity  of  his 
Boafting  to  them  to  draw  them  on,  and  to  encou- 
rage them  in  this  Plot.     This   being  now  done, 
and  propounded  by  the  Citizens  on  their  Part,  Mr. 
Waller  propounded  from  the  Lords  divers  Qureries 
and  Queftions  which  had  been  framed,  as  he  faid, 
by  the  Lords  and  Commons  ;  and,  in  their  Name, 
he  did  prefent  them  that  were  for  the'Removal  of 
Difficulties,  of  fome  Obftruftions,  that  might  hin- 
der this  Work :  Thofe  Queries  were  delivered  upon 
Friday  was  Se'nnight  to  fome  of  the  Citizens,  and, 
upon  the  Saturday  Morning,    (that  was  Saturday 
was  Se'nnight)  they  were  returned  back  again  with 
Anfwers. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      287 

'I  fliall  now  relate  to   you  both  the  Quaeries  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
and  the  Anfwers  that  were  returned  by  thofe  of  the        '643- 

«  The  firft  Quaere  was,  What  Number  of  Men        *""' 
there  were  armed  ? 

'  The  Anfwer  to  this  was,  That  there  was  a  third 
Part  well  armed,  a  third  Part  with  Halberts,  and 
another  third  Part  with  what  they  could  get ;  with 
what  came  to  Hand. 

'  The  fecond  Quaere  was,  In  what  Places  the 
Magazines  were  laid  ? 

'^The  Anfwer  to  that  was,  At  Alderman  Fowk's 
Houfe,  at  Leadenhall^  and  at  Guildhall. 

'  The  third  Quaere  was,  Where  the  Rendezvous 
fhould  be  ? 

'  The  Anfwer  was,  At  all  the  Gates,  the  Places 
of  the  Magazines,  in  Cheapfede,  in  the  Exchange? 
and  at  what  other  Places  the  Lords  fhould  think 
fit. 

*  The  fourth  Quaere  was,  Where  was  the  Place 
of  Retreat,  if  there  fnould  be  Occafion  ? 

4  The  Anfwer  was,  That  they  had  Ban/lead 
Downs^  they  had  Blackheatb,  in  Propofition  ;  but 
they  did  refer  the  Conclufion  of  the  Place  to  the 
Lords. 

<•  The  fifth  was,  What  Colours  there  fhould  be  ? 

*  To  this  it  was  anfwered,  That  at  every  Ren- 
dezvous there  fhould  be  Colours. 

'  A  fixth  Confideration  was,  By  what  Marks  and 
Tokens  they  fhould  be  diftinguifhed  from  others,  and 
know  their  Friends  from  their  Enemies  ?  . 

«  To  this  it  was  anfwered,  That  they  fhould  have 
white  Ribbons  or  white  Tape. 

«  Then,  in  the  feventh  Place,  it  was  afked,  What 
Strength  there  was  within  the  Walls,  and  what 
Strength  without  the  Walls  ? 

'  To  this  it  was  anfwered,  That,  within  theWalls, 
there  was  for  one  with  them,  three  againft  them  ; 
but,  without  the  Walls,  for  one  againft  them,  there 
were  five  for  them. 

*  The  eighth  was,  What  was  to  be  done  with  the 
Tawtr  V 

<  The 


288       *Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.     '  The  Anfwer  was,  That  they  could  conclude  no- 

l643»       thing  in  that  Point. 
^""T*""^       '  The  ninth  was,  Where'  the  Chief  Commanders 

Junet        dwelt  f 

*  To  that  they  made  this  Anfwer,  That  every  Pa- 
ri(h  could  tell  what  new  Commanders  and  Captains 
they  had,  and  who  of  the  Militia  dwelt  in  it. 

«  The  tenth  and  the  laft  was,  What  Time  this 
fhould  be  put  in  Execution  ? 

'  To  that  the  Anfwer  was,  That  the  Time  was 
wholly  left  to  the  Lords. 

'  After  all  thefe  Queries,  thus  propounded  and 
anfwered,  Mr.  Waller  told  them,  That  he  would 
acquaint  the  Lords  with  thofe  Anfwers  that  he  had 
received  from  them  to  their  Quarries  ;  and  wilhed 
them  not  to  be  troubled,  tho'  the  Lords  <lid  not  yet 
declare  themfelves,  for  they  could  do  them  as  good 
Service  in  the  Houfe. 

'  Being  proceeded  thus  far,  they  came  then  to 
fome  Proportions  which  fhould  be  put  in  Execution, 
and  they  were  thefe  : 

*  Fir/},  That  they  would  take  into  their  Cuftody 
the  King's  Children  that  were  here. 

«  Thefecond  was,  That  they  would  lay  hold  of 
all  thofe  Perfons  that  they  thought  fhould  be  able  to 
ftand  in  their  Way,  or  to  give  them  any  Impediment, 
or  at  leaft  of  fome  confiderable  Number  of  them  ;  it 
is  unlike  that  all  were  named,  but  fome  were  named  ; 
of  the  Lords'  Houfe  there  were  named  my  Lord  Say 
and  my  Lord  JVharton  ;  and  befides  my  Lord  Mayor, 
whom  they  took  into  their  Confideration  as  the  Head 
of  the  City,  there  were  named  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons, Sir  Philip  Stapylton,  Mr.  Hampden^  Mr.  Strode ; 
and  they  did  me  the  Honour  and  Favour  to  name  me 
too. 

*  When  they  had  taken  into  Confideration  the 
Surprizal  of  thefe  Members  of  both  Houfes,  they 
did  take  into  their  further  Refolution,  that,  with  my 
Lord  Mayor,  fhould  have  been  feized  all  your  Com- 
mittee of  Militia  j    they  would  not  /pare  one  of 
them. 

•They 


Of    ENGLAND.        289 

c  They  intended  further,  that  they  would  releafeAn.  19.  Car.  I. 
all  Prifoners  that  had  been  committed  by  the  Parlia- 
ment j  that  they  would  feize  upon  the  Magazines  ;    **"" "T^"""^ 
that  they  would  make  a  Declaration  to  fatisfy  the 
People. 

'  There  are  no  Defigns:,  be  they  never  fo  ill,  but 
they  do  put  on  a  Mafk  of  fome  Good,  for  betwixt 
that  that  is  abfolutely  and  apparently  ill,  there  is 
no  Congruity  with  the  Will  of  Man  j  and  therefore 
the  worft  of  Evils  are  undertaken  under  a  Shadow 
and  a  Shew  of  Goodnefs  :  A  Declaration  muft  be 
fet  out,  to  make  the  People  believe  that  they  flood 
up  for  the  Prefervation  of  Religion,  for  the  Pre- 
fervation  of  the  King's  Prerogative,  of  the  Liber- 
ties of  the  Subject,  of  the  Privileges  of  Parliament ; 
and  of  thefe  1000  Copies  were  to  be  printed  ;  they 
were  to  be  fet  upon  Pofts  and  Gates  in  the  moft 
confiderable  and  open  Places ;  and  they  were  to* 
be  difperfed,  as  much  as  they  could,  through  the 
City  againft  the  Time  it  fhould  be  put  in  Execu- 
tion :  This  was  done  upon  Saturday  laft  was  Se'n- 
night,  in  the  Morning. 

4  Then,  in  the  next  Place,  they  thought  fit  to 
give  Intelligence  to  the  Court  of  what  Proceedings 
they  had  made  here  ;  and  thereupon  Mr.  Hazel 
was  fent  to  Oxford,  that  very  Saturday  in  the  Af- 
ternoon, from  Mr.  flatter's  H  mfe.  There  were 
two  Meflages  fent  by  him,  for  this  main  Defign 
they  would  not  truft  in  Writing  :  The  firft  Meffage 
was  from  Mr.  Waller^  That  ht  fhould  tell  my  Lord 
of  Falkland,  that  he  would  g[ve  him  a  more  full 
Notice  of  the  great  Bufinefs  very  fpeedily  :  The 
other  Meflage  was  from  Mr.  Tomkins^  and  that 
v/as,  That  the  Defign  was  now  come  to  good  Ma- 
turity ;  that  they  had  fo  ftrong  a  Party  in  the  City, 
that  tho'  it  was  difcovered,  yet  they  would  be  able 
to  put  it  in  Execution :  They  promifed  to  give  No- 
tice to  the  Kjing  of  the  very  Day,  and,  if  it  were 
poflible,  of  the  very  Hour,  wherein  this  fhoukl  be 
put  in  Execution  j  and  then  they  did  defire,  when 
they  had  feized  upon  the  Outworks,  that  there 
misht  fome  Party  of  the  Kine's  Army  come  up 

VOL.  XII.  T  with- 


'290     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  within  fifteen  Miles  of  the  City,  who,  upon  KnoW- 
1643-  ledge  of  their  Proceedings,  muft  be  admitted  into 
*— —v— -J  the  City.  Thefe  were  the  four  Points  upon  which 
June'  the  Meffage  did  confift,  which  was  fent  from  Mr. 
Tonkins  to  my  Lord  of  Falkland,  by  Mr.  Hazel. 
To  both  thefe  Meflages  my  Lord  of  Falkland  re- 
turned an  Anfwer  by  Word  of  Mouth  ;  (they  kept 
themfelves  fo  clofely  that  they  durft  not  venture 
to  write)  and  he  bid  the  MefTenger  tell  Mr.  Waller^ 
Mr.  Tomkins^  and  Mr.  Hampden,  (a  Gentleman 
that  was  fent  up  with  a  Mefiage  from  the  King, 
and  remained  here  in  Town  to  agitate  this  Bufinefs, 
and  made  that  Ufe  of  his  being  here  in  Town) 
That  he  could  not  well  write,  and  did  excufe  him- 
felf ;  but  prayed  them  that  they  would  ufe  ail  poffible 
Hafte  in  the  main  Bufmefs. 

'  Mr.  Waller  having  plotted  it,  and  brought  it  on 
thus  far,  now  he  began  to  think  of  pufhing  it  fur- 
ther ;  and,  the  Tuefday  following  this  Saturday^ 
which  was  Tuefday  was  Se'nnight  in  the  Evening, 
after  he  came  home  to  his  Lodging,  Mr.  Tomkins 
and  he  being  together,  he  told  him,  That  the 
very  next  Morning,  that  was  Wednefday^  the  Faft- 
Day,  he  (hould  go  [to  my  Lord  of  Holland^  and 
acquaint  him  with  this  Plot,  and  difcover  fo  much 
to  him  as  he  thought  fit ;  that  he  himfelf  would  go 
to  fome  other  Lords,  and  do  the  like.  This  was 
the  Tuefday  Night,  in  which  Conference  they  put 
on  that  Confidence  in  Expectation  of  Succefs  in 
this  Plot,  that  Mr.  Waller  broke  out  with  a  great 
Oath  to  affirm,  That  if  they  did  carry  this  through- 
out, then  they  would  have  any  Thing.  This  he 
fpoke  to  Mr.  Tomkins  with  a  very  great  deal  of  Ear- 
neftnefs  and  Aflurance.  So  far  they  went  on  in 
Hope  and  Expectation ;  but  here  they  were  cut  fhort : 
That  very  Night  there  were  Warrants  ifTiied,  upon 
fome  Difcoveries  that  were  made  of  this  Plot,  to 
the  Lord  Mayor,  and  to  the  Sheriffs  here ;  which 
they  did  execute  with  fo  much  Diligence  and  Care 
of  the  Good  of  the  City,  that  the  next  Morning, 
when  Mr.  Tomkins  and  Mr.  Waller  (hould  have 
gone  about  their  Bufmefs,  they  were  apprehended, 

and 


Of   ENGLAND.       291 

and  the  reft  of  the  Citizens,  divers  of  them,  but  An. 
fome  efcaped. 

4  Thus  far  I  have  difcovered  to  you  the  Materials 
and  the  Lineaments  of  this  mifchievous  Defign  ; 
you  fhall  now  be  pleafed  to  hear  the  Proofs  and  the 
Confeffions  out  of  which  this  Narration  doth  arife, 
and  that  will  make  all  this  good  to  you  that  I  have 
faid.  And,  after  thofe  are  read,  I  fhall  then  tell 
you  what  hath  been  done  fince  in  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons, fomewhat  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  what 
elfe  is  in  Propofition  to  be  offered  to  you  from  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  ;  but  I  fhall  defire  you  firft,  that 
you  may  be  fully  convinced  of  the  great  Goodnefs  of 
God  in  Difcovery  of  this  Plot,  and  the  Truth  of 
thefe  Things  that  I  have  fpoken  to  you,  that  you 
will  hear  the  Evidence  of  the  Proofs  ;  and  then  we 
ihall  go  on  to  thofe  other  Things  which  we  have  in 
Charge. 

The  Proofs  being  read,  Mr.  Pymtne  proceeded  thus : 

'  Gentlemen,  we  have  held  you  long,  you  are 
now  almoft  come  to  the  End  of  your  Trouble  ;  I 
am  to  deliver  to  you  fome  fhort  Obfervations  up- 
on the  whole  Matter,  and  then  to  acquaint  you  with 
the  Refolutions  thereupon  taken  in  the  Houfe  of 
Commons ;  and  to  conclude  with  a  few  Defires 
from  them  to  you. 

'  The  Obfervations  are  thefe  : 

Fir/i,  *  I  am  to  obferve  to  you  the  Contrariety 
betwixt  the  Pretences,  with  which  this  Defign  hath 
been  mafked,  and  the  Truth  :  One  of  the  Pretences 
was  Peace ;  the  Truth  was  Blood  and  Violence : 
Another  of  the  Pretences  was,  the  preferving  of  Pro- 
perty ;  the  Truth  was,  the  introducing  of  Tyranny 
and  Slavery,  which  leaves  no  Man  Mafter  of  any 
Thing  he  hath. 

'  A  fecond  Obfervation  is  this  :  The  unnatural 
Way  by  which  they  meant  to  compafs  this  wicked 
Defign,  that  was,  To  deftroy  the  Parliament  by  the 
Members  of  Parliament ;  and  then,  by  the  Carcafs 
and  Shadow  of  a  Parliament,  to  deftroy  the  King- 
dom :  What  is  a  Parliament  but  a  Carcafs  when 
T  2  the 


292       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I,  the  Freedom  of  it  is  fupprefled  ?  When  thofe  (hall 
be  taken  away  by  Violence,  that  can,  or  will,  op- 

P°k  anc*  ^and  in  tne  Way  of  their  Intentions  \  The 
High  Court  of  Parliament  is  the  moft  certain  and 
conftant  Guardian  of  Liberty ;  but  if  it  be  deprived 
of  its  own  Liberty,  it  is  left  without  Life  or  Power 
to  keep  the  Liberty  of  others.  If  they  {hould  bring 
a  Parliament  to  be  fubjedt  to  the  King's  Pleafure, 
to  be  correfpondent,  as  they  call  it,  to  his  Will,  in 
the  Midft  of  fuch  evil  Councils  which  now  are  pre- 
dominant, there  would  little  or  no  Cure  be  left ; 
but  then  all  Things  that  are  moft  mifchievous  would 
feem  to  be  done  by  Law  and  Authority. 

*  The  third  Obfervation  is  this  :  With  what  an 
evil  Confcience  thefe  Men  undertook  this  Work : 
They  that  pretended  to  take  Arms  to  defend  their 
own  Property,  obtained  a  Commiffion  to  violate 
the  Property  of  others  :  They  would  take  the  Af- 
iertion  of  the  Laws  of  the  Land  ;  but  aflumed  to 
themfelves  fuch  a  Power  as  was  moft  contrary  to  that 
Law ;  to  feize  upon  their  Perfons  without  due  Pro- 
ceis ;  to  impofe  upon  their  Eftates  without  Con- 
fent ;  to  take  away  fome  Lives  by  the  Law  Mar- 
tial j  and,  befides  all  this,  without  any  Commifiion, 
they  intended  to  alter  the  Government  of  the  City, 
which  is  now  governed  by  your  own  Council,  by  a, 
Magiftrate  chofen  by  yourfelves,  then  to  be  go- 
verned by  Violence. 

•«  Thefyurth  Obfervation  is  this :  That  the  mif- 
chievous Effect  of  this  Defign  would  not  have 
ceafed  in  the  firft  Night's  Work  ;  all  the  godly  Part 
in  the -Kingdom,  all  faithful  Minifters  efpecially, 
woinM  "have  been  left  not  onlv  to  the  Scorn  and  Re- 
proach, btit  to  the  Hatred,  Malice,  and  Cruelty,  of 
the  Papifts  and  Malignants. 

The  fifth  and  laff  Obfervation  I  {hall  make  to 
you  is  this  :  That  this  Matter  was  profecuted  in 
Part,  and  agitated  and  promoted  by  thofe  that  were 
fent  from  the  King,  and  feemed  to  be  Meflengers  of 
Peace1 ;  and  while  we  fhould  be  amufed  with  the 
Pretences  of  gracious  Meflages  to  propofe  Peace, 
this  villainous^Proiecl:,  which  fhould  have  fet  you 

all 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         293 

all  in  Blood,  was  promoted  by  thofe  Meflengers^An,  19.  Car.  I. 
and  fhould  have  been  put  in  Execution  very  fhortly        l643« 

after.     This  is  all  I  ihall  trouble  you  with  by  way    *•— "~v— —' 

r  f^\  r          •  June, 

of  Obfervation. 

«  The  Matters  refolved  on  in  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons are  thefe  Things : 

'  /Yr/?,  That  there  may  be  public  Thankfgiving 
to  God,  both  in  the  City  and  throughout  the  King- 
dom, for  this  great  Deliverance ;  that  a  near  Day 
be  appointed  for  the  City,  the  Parliament,  and  the 
Parts  adjacent,  and  a  convenient  Day  tor  other 
Parts  of  the  Kingdom. 

*  The  next  Thing  refolved  on  was,  That  the 
Houfe  of  Peers  fhould  be  made  acquainted  with 
thefe  Proofs,  and  with  all  this  Difcovery ;  which 
hath  been  done  accordingly. 

4  It  was  likewife  refolved,  That  there  {hould  be 
a  Covenant  made,  whereby  we  fhould  both  teftify 
our  Deteflation  of  this  mifchievous  Plot,  and  join 
ourfelves  more  clofely  in  the  Maintenance  of  the 
common  Intereft  of  the  Church  and  Common- 
wealth, in  Religion  and  Liberty,  which  are  (till  in 
great  Danger,  and  would  have  been  utterly  fubvert- 
ed,  if  this^Projeft  had  taken  ErTeft. 

4  It  was  tefolved  in  the  fourth  Place,  which  is 
now  partly  executed,  That  this  fhould  be  commu- 
nicated to  you  of  the  City  ;  that  fo,  as  you  have  a 
great  Part  in  the  Blefling,  you  may  do  your  Part  in 
the  Duty  of  Thankfulnefs,  together  with  us. 

4  It  is  further  refolved,  That  it  fhall  be  commu- 
nicated to  the  Army,  that  they  likewife  take  Notice 
of  this  great  Mercy  of  God,  and  join  with  us,  both 
in  the  Thankfgiving  and  in  the  Proteftation  and 
Covenant,  as  we  fhall  likewife  defire  you  of  the 
City  to  do. 

4  Then  we  are  commanded  to  give  Thanks  to  my  m 

Lord  Mayor,  to  the  Sheriffs,  and  to  the  reft  of  the 
Officers  of  the  City,  for  their  great  Care  in  the  ap- 
prehending of  thefe  Perfons,  in  guarding  the  Peace 
and  Quiet  of  the  City. 

4  We  are  likewife  to  give  Thanks  to  thofe  Gen- 
tlemen that  have  had  the  Cuftody  of  thefe  Prifoners. 
T  3  We 


294     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19- Car.  I.We  know  it  cannot  but  be  a  Trouble  to  them  ;  but 
there  was  no  Means  to  keep  them  fafe  from  Mef- 
fages  one  to  another,  and  from  Speeches,  but  by 
fuch  a  Way  of  putting  them  in  honeft  Men's  Hands; 
therefore  the  Houfe  of  Commons  have  commanded 
us  to  give  them  fpecial  Thanks  for  their  undertaking 
this  Care,  and  to  aflure  them  that  they  will  fee  them 
fully  recompenfed  for  all  the  Trouble  and  Charge 
they  (hall  undergo  by  it. 

*  And  we  are  to  give  you  Thanks,  which  are  the 
Citizens  of  this  City,  for  your  good  Afteclions  to  the 
Public  Caufe,  and  for  your  continual  Bounty  for  the 
Support  of  it. 

'  Thus  far  we  are  enjoined  by  the  Refolution  of 
the  Houfe :  N  >w  we  are  further  to  intreat  you  to 
hear  both  the  Covenants  j  you  fhall  thereby  know 
to  what  we  have  bound  ourfelves,  and  to  what  we 
defire  you  fhould  be  bound.  There  are  two  Cove- 
nants j  that  is,  one  proper  for  the  Houfes  of  Parlia- 
ment, which  hath  been  taken  in  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons by  all  the  Members,  even  by  thofe  Gentlemen 
that  are  named  in  the  Examinations  to  have  been 
privy  to  this  Plot,  which  they  all  have  difavowed  ; 
and  the  other  Covenant  is  to  be  taken  by  all  the 
other  Part  ot  the  Kingdom ;  by  the  Citizens,  by 
the  Army,  and  the  reft  of  the  People  generally  in 
all  Places. 

'  The  Draught  of  thefe  two  Covenants  we  (hall 
communicate  to  you ;  the  Houfe  of  Lords  they  have 
had  them  already,  and  have  taken  them  into  Confi- 
deration  ,  and  we  hear  they  do  refolve,  That  what 
is  appointed  for  them  fhall  be  taken  by  the  Members 
of  that  Houfe. 

'  We  are  further  to  defire  you,  That  you  would 
co-operate  with  the  Divine  Providence,  in  God's 
great  Mercy  to  this  City  and  the  whole  Kingdom : 
God  doth  not  only  do  Good,  but  thereby  gives  Af- 
furance  that  he  will  do  Good  j  his  Mercies  they  are 
Comforts  for  the  prefent,  they  are  Pledges  for  the 
future  ;  but  yet  our  Care  muft  not  ceafe. 

'  We  are  to  defire  that  you  would  keep  your 
Guardsj  and  look  well  to  your  City ;  and  that  you 

would 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       295 

would  find  out  thefe  evil  Members  that  are  amongAn,  19.  Car.  I. 
you,  as  near  as  may  bej  that  fo,  for  the  Time  to        l643- 
come,  this  Plot  may  be  prevented,  as  hitherto  it  hath  *—  ~»      — ' 
been  flopped  j  for  out  of  Doubt  all  the  Malignity        ^une* 
is  not  drawn  out  of  them,  though  the  Opportu- 
nity is  hindered  for  the  prefent  putting  it  in  Exe- 
cution, 

*  I  am  to  tell  you  further,  That,  in  Deflre  to 
win  thofe  that  mall  be  taken  with  Remorfe  for  this 
wicked  Defign  and  Confpiracy,  it  is  refolved,  That 
if  any  Man  fhall  come  in  before  the  I5th  Day  of 
this  prefent  "June,  and  freely  confefs  his  Fault,  and 
what  he  knows  of  this  Confpiracy,  that  he  (hall 
have  a  full,  free,  and  plenary  Pardon  for  the  Time 
to  come,  except  thofe  that  are  already  taken  or 
fled ;  I  fay,  thofe  that  come  in  voluntarily  ihall  be 
pardoned. 

'  Your  Care,  and  our  Care,  they  will  be  all  little 
enough ;  we  hope  God's  Blefling  will  be  fo  upon 
them  both,  that  you  fhall  be  reftored  to  a  full  Peace; 
and  that,  in  the  mean  Time,  you  fhall  enjoy  fuch  a 
Degree  of  Safety  and  Profperity  as  may  make  Way 
to  it.' 

To  return  to  the  Proceedings  at  Wejlmlnfler: 

"June  9.  The  Lords  having  confidered  of  the  Vow 
and  Covenant,  brought  up  by  the  Commons,  judged 
it  a  voluntary  Oath,  and  proper  to  be  given  to  every 
Member  of  their  Houfe  in  a  folemn  and  ferious 
Manner.  Accordingly  every  Lord,  beginning  at 
the  youngeft  Baron,  and  going  upwards  according  to 
their  Degrees,  held  the  Paper  in  their  Hands,  and 
read  it  diftinclly  as  follows ; 

*  "T  T7"Hereas  there  hath  been,  and  now  is,  in  The  Covenant, 

*  VV     this  Kingdom,  a  Popim  and  Traiteroustaken  by  the 
4  Plot,  for  the  Subverfion  of  the  true  Pf6teftw* 

*  Reformed  Religion,  and  the  Liberty  of  the  Sub- 

*  je&  :  And,  in  purfuance  thereof,  a  Popifh  Army 

*  h?.th  been  raifed,  and  is  now  on  Foot  in  divers 

*  Parts  of  this  Kingdom  :    And  whereas  there  hath 

*  been  a  treacherous  and  horrid  Defign  lately  difco- 

'  vered 


296     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19. Car.  I.*  vered  by  the  great  Blefling  and  fpecial  Providence 

1643.        *  of  God,  of  divers  Perfons,  to  join  themfelves  with 

t— -V-— ^    *  the  Armies  raifed  by  the  King,  and  to  deftroy  the 

June.       t  p0;ces  raifed  by  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  Par- 

'  liament ;  to  furprize   the  Cities   of  London  and 

'  Weftminfter,  with  the  Suburbs,   and,  by  Arms, 

'  to   force   the  Parliament ;  and  finding,  by   con- 

'  ftant  Experience,  that  many  Ways  of  Force  and 

'  Treachery  are  continually  attempted  to  bring  to 

'  utter  Ruin  and  Deftruction  the  Parliament  and 

'  Kingdom,  and,  that  which  is  deareft,  the  true 

'  Proteftant  Religion  ;  and  that,  for  the  preventing 

*  and  withftanding  the  fame,  it  is  fit  that  all,  who 
c  are  true-hearted  and   Lovers  of  their  Country, 

*  fhould  bind  themfelves  each  to  other  in  a  facred 

*  Vow  and  Covenant.: 

TAB,  in  Humility  and  Reverence  of  the  Divine 
•*•  Majejly,  declare  my  hearty  Sorrow  for  my  own 
Sins,  and  the  Sins  of  this  Nation,  which  have  dejer- 
•ved  the  Calamities  and  "Judgments  that  now  lie  upon 
it :  And  my  true  Intention  is,  by  God's  Grace,  to 
endeavour  the  Amendment  of  my  own  Ways.  And 
J  do  further,  in  the  Prefence  of  Almighty  God,  de- 
clare, vow,  and  covenant,  That,  in  order  to  the  Secu- 
rity and  Prefervation  of  the  true  Reformed  Proteftant 
Religion,  and  Liberty  of  the  Subjeft,  I  will  not  con- 
fent  to  the  laying  down  of  Arms,  fo  long  as  the  Pa- 
pi/Js,  now  in  open  ft^ar  again  ft  the  Parliament,  Jhall, 
by  Force  of  Arms,  be  prate  Red  from  the  Juftice 
thereof:  And  that  I  do  abhor  and  detejl  the  faid  wicked 
and  treacherous  Defign  lately  difcovered ;  and  that  I 
never  gave,  nor  will  give,  my  Affent  to  the  Execution 
thereof;  but  will,  according  to  my  Power  and  Voca- 
tion, oppofe  and  refift  the  fame,  and  all  others  of  the 
like  Nature :  And  in  Cafe  any  other  like  Defign  /hall 
hereafter  come  to  my  Knowledge,  I  luill  make  fuch 
timely  Difcovery  as  I  fl}all  conceive  may  beji  conduce 
to  the  preventing  thereof.  And  whereas  I  do  in  my 
Confcience  believe,  That  the  Forces  raifed  by  the  two 
Houfes  of  Parliament,  are  raijed  and  continued  for 
tbeir  jujl  Defence^  and  for  the  Defence  of  the  true 

Pro- 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       297 

Protejlant  Religion,  and  Liberty  of  the  Subjefl,  An/ 19.  Car.  I. 
againft  the  Forces  raifed  by  the  King,  that  I  will',  ^641'  i 
according  to  my  Power  and  Vocation,  affijl  the  Forces 
raifed  and  continued  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament, 
againft  the  Forces  raijed  by  the  king,  without  their 
Confent :  And  will  likewife  ajjijl  all  other  Perfons 
that  jhall  take  this  Oath,  in  what  they  Jhall  do  in 
pursuance  thereof;  and  will  not,  direcJly  or  indireftly^ 
adhere  unto,  nor  willingly  ajfift,  the  Forces  raifed  by 
the  King,  without  the  Confent  of  both  Houfes  of  Par- 
liament. And  this  Few  and  Covenant  1  make 'in  the 
Prefence  of  Almighty  God,  the  Searcher  of  all  Hearts, 
with  a  true  Intention  to  perform  the  fame,  as  I  Jhall 
anfwer  at  the  Great  Day,  when  the  Secrets  of  all 
Hearts  Jhall  be  difclofed. 

At  the  fame  Time,  however,  it  was  moved  and 
agreed  to  by  the  Lords,  That  a  {hort  Declaration 
might  be  drawn  up,  and  taken  by  them,  the  Houfe 
of  Commons,  and  the  whole  Kingdom,  declaring 
their  Loyalty  to  the  King's  Perfon,  his  Crown  and 
Dignity;  and  a  Committee  of  eleven  Lords  were 
ordered  to  draw  it  up  and  report  it  to  the  Houfe. 

June  ii.  The  Earl  of  Portland*  and  the  Lord 
Vifcount  Conway  being  accufed,  by  the  Houfe  of 
Commons,  of  being  concerned  in  Mr.  Waller's  Plot, 
they  were  fequeftered  from  the  Lords'  Houfe  and 
committed ;  the  one  to  the  Cuftody  of  the  Lord 
Mayor  of  London,  and  the  other  to  one  of  the  She- 
riffs ;  but  their  Lands  and  Goods  not  to  be  feized 
on,  till,  upon  Trial,  it  appeared  they  were  guilty  of 
the  Charge  againfl-  them. 

The  Liberty  of  the  Prefs  having,  of  late,  been 
very  grievous  to  the  Parliament,  they  pafled  an  Or- 
dinance to  reftrain  it,  and  to  ftrengthen  fome  for- 
mer Orders  made  for  that  Purpofe.  This  extraor- 
dinary Stretch  into  Englijh  Liberty,  by  thofe  who 
pretended  to  be  the  Preservers  of  it,  deferves  our 
Notice. 

The 

a  Jerwne  Wtfl<mt 


298     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 


An.  19.  Car.  I. 

1643. 


The  Preamble  to  this  Ordinance  fets  forth, 


June. 

An  Ordinance 
for  restraining 
the  Liberty  of 
Che  Prefs. 


THAT  whereas  divers  good  Orders  have  been 
lately  made,  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament, 

*  for  fuppreffing  the  great  Abufes  and  frequent  Dif- 
'  orders  in  printing  many  falfe,  forged,  fcandalous, 
«  feditious,  libellous,  and  unlicenfed  Papers,  Pam- 
«  phlets,  and  Books,    to  the  great  Defamation  of 
6  Religion  and   Government ;  which    have   taken 
«  little  or  no  Effect,  by  reafon  the  Bill  in  Prepa- 
'  ration,  for  Redrefs  of  the  faid  Diforders,   hath 

*  hitherto  been  retarded  :    And  that,  through  the 

*  prefent  Diftrac*tions,  very  many  Perfons,  as  well 

*  Stationers  and  Printers,  as  others  of  fundry  other 

*  Profeffions,  have  taken  upon  them  to  fet  up  pri- 

*  vate  Printing  Prefies  in  Corners,  and  to  print, 
'  vend,  publifh,  and  difperfe  Books,  Pamphlets,  and 

*  Papers  in  fuch  Multitudes,  that  no  Induftry  could 

*  be  fufficient  to  difcover  or  bring  to  Puniftiment 
«  all  the  feveral  abounding  Delinquents :  There- 
«fore,  &c. 

The  moft  material  Claufes  are  thefe ; 

*  7  hat  no  Order  or  Declaration  of  either  Houfe 
f  of  Parliament  (hall  be  printed  without  Order  of 
«  one  or  both  the  laid  Houfes ;  nor  any  other  Book, 

*  Pamphlet,   Paper,   nor  Part  of  any  fuch  Book, 

*  Pamphlet,  or  Paper,  fhall,  from  henceforth,  be 
'  printed,  bound,  ftitch'd,  or  put  out  to  Sale,  by  any 

*  Perfon  or  Perfons  whatfoever,  unlefs  the  fame  be 

*  firft  approved  and  licenfed  under  the  Hands  of 

*  fuch-Perfons  as  both  or  either  of  the  faid  Houfes 

*  fhall  appoint  for  licenfing  of  the  fame ;  and  be 

*  entered  in  the  Regifter-Book  of  the  Company  of 

*  Stationers,  according  to  antient  Cultom,  and  the 
'  Printer  thereof  to  put  his  Name  thereto. 

'  The  Mafter  and  Wardens  of  the  faid  Company, 
'  the  Gentleman-Ufher  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  the 

*  Serjeant  of  the  Commons'  Houfe,  and  their  Depu- 

*  ties,  together  with  the  Perfons  formerly  appointed 
'  by  the  Committee  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons 

*  for  Examinations,   are  authorized   and  required 

«  to 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        299 

*  to  make  diligent  Search  in  all  Places,  where  they  An.  19.  Car.  I, 
«  fhall  think  meet,  for  all  unlicenfed  Printing  Pref- 

*  fes,  and  all  Prefles  any  way  employed  in  the  Print- 

*  ing  of  fcandalous   or    unlicenfed  Papers,    Pam- 
'  phlets,  or  Books  ;  and  to  feize  and  carry  away 

*  fuch  Printing  Prefles,  Letters,  and  other  Mate- 
'  rials,  of  every  fuch  irregular  Printer,  which  they 

*  find  fo  mifemployed,  unto  the  Common-Hall  of 

*  the  faid  Company,  there  to  be  defaced  and  made 
'  unferviceable,  according  to  antient  Cuftom  ;  and 
6  likewife  to  make  diligent  Search  in  all  fufpe£led 
'  Printing- Houfes,  Ware-Houfes,  Shops,  and  other 
'  Places,  for  fuch  fcandalous  and  unlicenfed  Books, 
'  Papers,    Pamphlets,    and    all   other  Books,    not 

*  entered,  nor  figned  with  the  Printer's  Name  as 

*  aforefaid,  being  printed  contrary  to  this  Order; 
c  and  the  fame  to  feize  and  carry  away  to  the  faid 

*  Common-Hall,  there  to  remain  till  both  or  either 
«  Houfe  of  Parliament  fhall  difpofe   thereof;  and 

*  likewife  to  apprehend  all  Authors,  Printers,  and 
«  other  Perfons  whatfoever  employed  in  compiling, 

*  printing,  ftitching,  binding,  publifhing,  and  dif- 

*  perfing  of  the   faid    fcandalous,  unlicenfed,  and 

*  unwarrantable  Papers,  Books,  and  Pamphlets  as 
«  aforefaid  ;  and  all  thofe  who  fhall  refift  the  faid 

*  Parties   in   fearching   after   them,    and    bringing 
'  them  before  either  of  the  Houfes  or  the  Commit- 

*  tee  of  Examinations,  that  fo  they  may  receive 
c  fuch  further  Punifhments  as  their  Offences  fhall 
<  demerit ;  and  not  to  be  releafed  untill  they  have 

*  given  Satisfaction  to  the  Parties  employed  in  their 
4  Apprehenfion  for  their  Pains  and  Charges,  and 

*  fufficient  Caution  not  to  offend  in  like  Sort  for  the 

*  future. 

*  All  Juftices  of  the  Peace,  Captains,  Conftables, 
*•  and  other  Officers,  are  ordered  and  required  to  be 
'  aiding  and  aflifting  to  the  aforefaid  Perfons  in  the 
6  due  Execution  of  all  and  fmgular  the  Premifes, 
'  and  in  the  Apprehenfion  of  all  Offenders  againft 

*  the  fame  ;  and,  in  cafe  of  Oppofition,  to  break 

*  open  Doors  and  Locks,  &c, 

June 


300       Tie  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I,  June  X4*  ^ne  Affair  of  the  Great  Seal  came  on 
'  16^.3.  '  'again  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  when  the  Earl  of  Hol- 

l«i  —  ,,-•  mj  fond,  from  the  Committee  appointed  to  prepare 
June,  Heads  for  a  Conference  on  this  Affair,  reported, 
That  the  Senfe  of  the  Committee  was,  That  the 
Votes  of  this  Houfe  mould  be  firft  read,  and  then 
to  add,  That  the  Parliament  having,  in  all  their 
Actions  and  Refolutions,  gone  upon  the  Power  of 
their  Ordinances,  the  Lords  conceive  it  will  be 
proper  to  continue  upon  that  Ground.  That  the 
making  of  a  new  Great  Seal  will  not  hinder  the  Ufe 
and  Power  of  the  King's  Great  Seal  ;  but  if  they 
found  the  Sealing  of  Original  Writs  of  Error  be 
denied,  they  would  join  with  the  Commons  in  their 
Care  to  do  what  will  be  neceflary  and  advantageous 
to  the  Parliament,  the  free  Courfe  of  Juftice,  and 
the  Laws  of  the  Kingdom. 

June  1 6.  The  Earl  of  Northumberland  reported 
from  the  Committee  a  Draught  of  what  they  thought 
proper  to  be  taken,  to  declare  the  Loyalty  of  the 
Lords  to  the  King's  Perfon,  his  Crown  and  Dig- 
nity ;  which  was  read  : 

A  Declaration  We  the  Lords  and  Commons  do  further  declare, 
made  by  the  ybat  our  Intentions  have  been,  and  Jlill  are,  to  our 
he  P0<wer->  to  maintain,  preferve,  and  defend  his  Ma- 
Perfon*  j*ftf*  Perfon  and  jitjl  Rights  of  the  Crown  ;  toge- 
ther with  the  Perfons  of  his  Royal  IJ/ue  ;  and  that  we 
Jhall  ufe  our  utmojl  Endeavours  in  pursuance  of  the 
fame. 

Ordered,  To  communicate  this  to  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  the  next  Morning,  at  a  Conference  : 
And,  at  the  fame  Time,  to  ofirer  fomewhat  to  them 
for  competing  the  prefent  Diftractions  and  fettling 
Peace  between  the  King  and  Parliament. 

June  17.  A  Committee  of  Lords  were  appointed 
to  confider  of  this  laft  Article  ;  and,  after  fome 
Time,  the  Lord  Say  and  Sele  brought  in  a  Draught 

of 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       301 

of  what  they  had  to  offer  for  that  Purpofe;  which  An«  19-  Car-  *• 
\vas  as  follows :  ^  -*— .J 

June* 

May  it  pleafe  your  Mojl  Excellent  Majefty  ^ 

c  "\\  7"E    your   loyal   Subjects,  the   Lords    and  And  a  Draught 
4    V V     Commons  in  Parliament  affembled,  ha-  Jj^ 
'  ving  a  deep  Senfe  of  the  prefent  Miferies  of  this  peaceT 
'  your  Kingdom,  and  of  the  Chriftian  Blood,  the 

*  Blood  of  your  Subjects,  that  hath  been  fpilt  in 

*  this  unnatural  War :  To  prevent  the  Defolation 

*  and   Ruin  of  this  Kingdom,  the  Deftruction  of 
'  your  People,  and  the  Danger  of  your  own  Royal 

*  Perfon  and  Children,  do  again,  in  all  Humility, 
'  petition  your  Majefty,  that  you  will  be  pleafed, 
'  before  the  Armies  be  engaged  in  Battle,  they  be- 

*  ing  now  drawn  near  together,  to  accept  of  our 
'  humble  Anfwer  to  your  Majefty 's  firft  Propoii- 
c  tion,  and  agree  unto  the  firft  Proportion  prefent- 
'  ed  unto  you  by  the  Hands  of  our  Commiffioners, 

*  for  the  Difbanding  of  all  Armies ;  whereby  your 

*  Kingdom  will   be  reftorcd   to  the  former  happy 

*  Condition  of  Peace,  and  the  fad  Accidents  and 

*  Confequences  of  a  Civil  War  be  prevented  ;  and 
'  that,  as  the  moft  likely  Means  to  compofe  and 
'  fettle  thefe  unhappy  Differences  between  you  and 
'  your  People,  you  will  pleafe  to  return  to  your  Par- 

*  liament,  your  great  and   moft  faithful  Council, 
'  whofe  Advice  your  Majefty  will  find  more  con- 

*  ducing  to  your  Greatnefs,  Honour,  and  Safety, 
c  than  the  Council  of  fome  few  about  you  j  whofe 

*  Counfels   if  they   may  prevail,  we    find    all  our 
'  Petitions  and   Endeavours  for  the  Peace  of  this 

*  Kingdom  to  be  fruitlefs. 

'  If  God  fliall  make  us  fo  happy  as  to  incline 
'  your  Majefty's  Heart  to  this  our  humble  Petition, 
'  which  your  Parliament  and  Kingdom  may  ex- 
'  pec~t  from  your  Juftice  and  Goodnefs,  our  En- 
«  deavours  and  Counfels  mail  all  be  directed  to 
'  fettle  the  true  Proteftant  Religion,  your  Maje- 
'  fty's  juft  Rights,  the  Prefervation  and  Safety  of 

*  your  Royal   Perfon  and  Children,  and  the  Laws 

'of 


June. 


The  Reafoas  o 
fered  to  the 
Commons  for 
their  Concur- 
rence therein. 


302     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Car.  I. '  of  the  Kingdom,  the  Liberties  of  the  Subject,  and 
*  the  Privileges  of  Parliament.' 

Ordered,  That  this  Petition  be  communicated  to 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  at  a  Conference  ;  and  to  be 
delivered  to  the  King  in  the  fame  Alanner  as  one 
was  at  Shrewjbury. 

June  21.  Nothing  elfe,  memorable  j  interven- 
ing, the  Committee  for  managing  this  Conference 
reported  what  they  thought  fit  to  be  offered  at  it,  to 
the  Commons,  along  with  the  Petition  j  which  was 
as  follows : 

'  The  Lords  looking,  with  much  Companion, 
upon  the  divided  and  diftracttd  Condition  of  this 
Kingdom,  and  that,  in  all  Probability,  the  Con- 
tinuance of  the  War  in  Chriftendom  will  only 
remain  amongft  ourfelves,  in  thefe  our  fad  and 
civil  Divifions,  they  have  been  moved,  from  the 
Tendernefs  they  owe  to  the  Prefervation  of  this 
Kingdom,  to  make  a  further  Trial  of  his  Maje- 
ity's  Inclinations  to  the  Peace  of  it,  and  eonfequent- 
Jy  to  the  Peace  of  his  other  Kingdoms ;  which,  in 
all  human  Reafon,  doth  depend  upon  the  Peace  and 
Safety  of  this  ;  and  likewife  to  {hew  to  his  Majefty, 
and  all  the  World,  that  we  are  ftill,  upon  our 
firft  Grounds  and  Principles,  to  petition  him  for 
Peace;  thereby  to  make  it  vifible  to  his  Majefty, 
and  the  whole  Kingdom,  that  we  ftill  purfue  the 
Ways  of  Peace  ;  which  will  either  procure  us  that 
Happinefs,  or  make  the  Miferies  that  we  and  the 
Kingdom  muft  expert,  by  a  Battle  between  thefe 
near-approached  Armies,  the  more  fupportable  by 
the  Unavoklablenefs  of  it ;  and  this  we  defire  may 
no  way  weaken,  or  contradict,  the  Covenant  and 
Vow  we  have  united  ourfelves  in,  but  rather  purfue 
the  fame  ;  in  that  we  do  defire  the  Force,  whereby 
Papifts  are  protected  againft  the  Juftice  of  Parlia- 
ment, may  be  laid  down  before  we  lay  down  our 
Arms  ;  neither  is  it  intended  to  draw  on  any  Treaty, 
but  alone  to  receive  the  King's  preferrt  and  pofitive 
Anfvver.' 

June 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       303 

June  22.  The  Lords  fent  down  to  acquaint  the  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
<bther  Houfe,  That  they  had  added  two  more  of 
their  Body  to  the  Committee  of  Sequeftration,  and 
had  given  them  Power  to  compound  and  regulate 
that  Ordinance,  by  making  fome  Allowance  to  Wi- 
dows and  Children  for  their  Maintenance  ;  defiring 
the  Commons  to  add  a  proportionable  Number  of 
their  Houfe,  and  alfo  to  give  the  like  Power  to 
them.  But  this  merciful  Difpofition  of  the  Lords 
was  not  complied  with,  at  this  Time,  by  the  Lower 
Houfe. 

A  Committee  of  Commons  had  been  bufy  fome 
Time,  in  framing  Articles  of  Impeachment  againffc 
the  Queen,  in  order  to  fupport  the  Charge  they  had 
exhibited  to  the  Lords.  And,  this  Day,  they  had 
proceeded  fo  far  as  to  appoint  Mr.  Stroitd  to  go  up, 
and  defire  a  Conference  with  them  concerning  thefe 
Articles.  Whether  this  Meflage  was  fent  or  not, 
we  cannot  learn,  for  there  is  no  Entry,  in  the  Lords 
Journals,  relating  to  it. 

June  24.  The  AfTembly  of  Divines  being  now 
ready  to  fit  to  do  Bufmefs,  the  Lords  thought  pro- 
per to  order,  That  all  Minifters  employed  in  the 
next  public  Monthly  Faft,  fhould,  in  their  Prayers, 
particularly  and  earneftly  defire  the  Affiftance  and 
Blefling  of  Almighty  God  upon  that  Aflembly,  for 
carrying  on  the  great  Work  :  And  that  the  faid 
Aflembly  mould  meet  in  Henry  the  Seventh's  Cha- 
pel, on  the  3oth  Inftant,  at  Nine  in  the  Morning. 
Agreed  to  by  the  Commons. 

June  26.  This  Day  the  Lord  Say  and  Sele  ac- 
quainted the  Lords,  That  he  had  received  a  Letter 
from  the  King,  in  which  was  inclofed  a  Proclama- 
tion from  his  Majefty,  which  was  read  : 

'  \\  7Hereas  we  have  been  long  fince  driven  by 

\/l/       T-,  j  17-    i  n   i  clamation,  for- 

VV      rorce  and  Violence  from  our  Palace  at  bidding  Obedi- 
<  WeJJminfter^  (the  Place  of  Sitting  for  us  and  ouren«t°  thePar- 


«  two  Houfes  of  this  Parliament)  fo  that  we  t 

*  not,  with  Safety  of  our  Life,  be  prefent  with  our  ber^td 

*  Great  o*/«*. 


304      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I. '  Great  Council ;  and  much  the  greater  Part  of  the 
1643         <  Members  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament  have  been 
i  Jikewife  driven,  by  Tumults  and  Force,  for  their 

*  Safety,  from  their  Attendance  upon  that  Council, 
4  the  faid  Members  having  been  threatened  and  af- 
'  faulted  for  delivering  their  Opinions  freely  in  the 

*  Houfes ;  or  have,  out  of  Confcience  and  Duty, 
'  withdrawn  themfelves  from  being  prefent  at  the 

*  Debates  and  Refolutions,  which  they  have  well 
'  known  to  be  fo  contrary  to  their  Duty  and  Alle- 

*  giance  ;  or,  for  fo  withdrawing,  or  for  freely  fpeak- 
f  ing  in  the  Houfes,  have  been  expelled  or  fufpend- 
1  ed  from  being  Members  of  that  Council,  contrary 
4  to  the  antient  Practice  and  juft  Privileges  of  Par- 

*  liament.  Since  which  Time,  and  by  which  Means, 

*  a  great  and  rebellious   Army    hath   been   railed 
'  againft  us,  under  the  Command  of  Robert  Earl  of 
4  EJJex ;  which  Army  hath  not  only  endeavoured 
'  to  take  away  our  L'ife  from  us  in  a  fet  Battle,  but 
4  the  fame,  and  other  Forces  raifed   by  the   like 

*  Means,  have  committed  all  the  Acts  of  Outrage, 

*  Robbery,  and  Murder,  upon  our  good  Subjects 
4  throughout  the  Kingdom,  and  ilill  continue  to  do 
4  the  fame. 

4  And  though,  in  Truth,  a  very  fniall  Part  of 

*  that  Great  Council  remain   there  together  ;  yet, 

*  under  Pretence  of  having  the  Countenance  of  our 

*  two  Houfes  of  Parliament,  fome  feditioire  Perfons 

*  aflume  to  themfelves  (with  the  AffHlance  of  thofe 

*  rebellious   Armies,  and  of  divers  mutinous  and 

*  defperate  Brownifts,  Anabaptifts,  and  other  ill- 

*  affected  Perfons  in  our  City  of  London^  by  whofe 

*  Means  they  awe  fuch  Members   of  both  Houfes 

*  who  yet  continue  amongft  them)  a  Power  to  do 
4  Things  abfolutely  contrary  to  the  Laws  of  the 

*  Land,  and  deftructive  to  our  Rights,  and  to  the 

*  Liberty  and  Property  of  the  Subject,  and  to  alter 
4  the  whole  Frame  and  Government  of  this  King- 
c  dom  j  difpofing  of  the  Lives  and  Fortunes  of  us 
c  and  our  good  Subjects,  according  to  their  Difcre- 
4  tion  ;  fubjecting  both  to  their  own  unlimited  Ar- 
4  bitrary  Power  and  Government. 

«Wc 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        305 

*  We  have  only  accufed  fome  particular  Perfons,  An,  19,  Car.  T, 

*  whom  we  well  know  to  be  the  Authors  and  Con-         l643- 

c  trivers  of  thefe  defperate  Counfels  and  A&ions  j    *— -v*-«J, 

*  and  have  forborne  to  cenfure,  or  charge,  the  whole        ^mt* 
e  Number  of  the  Members   remaining,  by  whofe 

*  Orders  and  Authority  the  Evils  have  been  pretend- 
"  ed  to  be  done ;  hoping  that  the  Senfe  of  the  mife- 

*  rable  Diftra&ions  of  the  Kingdom  would,  at  length, 
'  have  brought  them   to  difcern  where  they  had 
'  erred ;  and  our  often  MefTages  and  Complaints  of 

*  the  Violence  offered  to  us,  and  to  the  Members  of 

*  both  Houfes,   would  have  procured  Juftice  and 
'  Redrefs  :  And  that  the  Power  and  Reputation  of 

*  fuch  amongft  them,  who  wiflied  well  to  the  Peace 
'  of  the  Kingdom,  and  Honour  and  Dignity  of  Par- 
6  liaments,  would  have  at  laft  fo  far  prevailed,  that  a 
'  right  Underftanding  might  have  been  begotten  be- 
'  twixt  us  and  our  People;  and  all  Shew  of  Force 

*  and  Violence  fo  taken  away  and  fupprefled,  that 
'  we  might,  in  a  full  and  peaceable  Convention  of 
'  Parliament,  with  the  Advice  of  that  our  Great 

*  Council,  have  fo  fettled  the  prefent  Diftempers, 
4  that  there  might  be  no  Fear  left  of  the  like  for  the 
'  future. 

'  But  finding,  to  our  great  Grief,  that  the  Power 
c  of  thofe  feditious  Perfons,    who   firft  contrived 

*  thefe  defperate  and  bloody  Diftraclions,  continues 
'  fo  great ;  that  as  they  have  driven,  and  now  keep 
c  us,  and  the  much  greater  Part  of  both  Houfes, 
'  from    being    prefent   at  that  Council ;    fo   they 

*  fo  far   awe  thofe  who  remain  there,    that   they 

*  cannot,    with   Freedom,    give    their  Votes    and 
'  Refolutions  according  to  their  Confciences,  and 
'  the   Laws   and  Constitutions  of  the  Kingdom  : 

*  That  the  Members  of  both  Houfes  have  been 
'  compelled  to  make  Proteftations  to  live  and  die 

*  with  the  Earl  of  EJfix,  the  General  of  the  re- 
'  bellious  Army,  and  other  unlawful  and  treafon- 
c  able  Proteftations  ;  and  that  fuch  who  have  re- 
<  fufed  to  take  the  faid  Proteftations,    have  been 

*  expelled  and   imprifoned  for  fuch  their  Refufal  : 

*  That    the    great  Affairs    of  the   Kingdom   are 

VOL.  XII.  U  mana- 


306       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.4  managed  and  concluded  by  a  private  Committee, 
4  without  being  ever  reported  to  the  Houfes,  con- 
~        *  trary  to  the   Laws    and    Rules   of  Parliament : 
c  That  the  Common  Council  of  London,  mott  of 
'  them  being  Perfons  factioufly  chofcn  out  of  Brown- 

*  ifts,  Anabaptifts,    and  fuch  who  oppofe  the  re- 

*  gular  wholefome  Government  of  that  City,  and 

*  have  promifed  themfelves  the  Deftruction  of  the 

*  Church,  are  grown  the  Superintendents  over  both 

*  Houfes,  and  obtrude  upon  them  what  Conclufions 
'  and  Refolutions  they  pleafe  :  That  they  take  upon 
'  them  to  juftify  this  Rebellion  againft  us,  and  have 

*  prefumed,  under  Pretence  of  the  Order  of  both 

*  Houfes,  to  invite  foreign  Forces   to  invade  this 

*  Kingdom  :    To  fend  Agents  to  foreign  Princes, 

*  to  negotiate  and   treat  with  them   in  their  own 

*  Names :  To  imprifon  our  good  Subjects  contrary 

*  to  Law,  prohibiting  our  Judges  to  grant  Habeas 

*  Corpus  according  to  Law  :  To  introduce  a  new 

*  Clergy  throughout  the  Kingdom,   by  difplacing 
«  godly  learned  Divines,  without  the  leaft  Colour 

*  of  Law  or  judicial  Proceedings,  and  putting  ig- 
'  norant   and   feditious  Preachers   in  their  Places, 
'  to  poifon  the  Hearts  of  the  People :  To  counte- 
«  nance  the  Vilifying  of  the   Book  of  the  Com- 
'  mon-Prayer,  eftablifhed  by  the  Law  of  the  Land  : 

*  To  feize,  levy,  and  take  away  what  they  pleafe 

*  of  the  Eftates  and  Fortunes  of  our  Subjects,  by 

*  difpofing  of  the  twentieth  Part  of  their  Eftates, 
'  by  exhaufting  them  with  unfupportable  Weekly 
'  Taxes  for  the  Maintenance  of  their  rebellious 
'  Army,  and  by  endeavouring  to  lay  odious  Ex- 
'  cifes  upon  Victuals,  Goods,  and  Merchandize  of 

*  our  People  for   the  fame  Purpofe ;    while  they 
'  fuffer  our  poor  Proteftant  Subjects  of  our  King- 

*  dom  of  Ireland,  whofe  Defence  was  undertaken 

*  by  our  two  Houfes,  and  that  Army  raifed  for  the 

*  fuppreffing  of  that   horrid   Rebellion  to  be  ftar- 

*  ved  and   in  Danger  of  difbandins:,  or  neceflita- 

*  ted  to  defert  that  Kingdom   for  Want  of  Mo- 

*  ney,    Victuals,    and    fuch   other    Neceflaries    as 
'  were  to  be  provided  for  them  by  Adt  of  Parlia- 

'  ment. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       307 

*  ment,  out  of  thofe  Monies  which  they  have  fpent  An.  19.  Car. 
c  to  deftroy  us   and   this  Kingdom  :    By  exacting        l643- 

*  from   Merchants   Tonnage    and  Poundage,    and    ' — TV""""^ 
'  other  Impofitions  upon  Merchandizes,    as  well        ^une' 

c  Native  as  Foreign,  contrary  to  an  Act  made  this 
'  prefent  Parliament,  with  a  Penalty  of  Premunire 
c  on  thofe  who  fhall  pay  or  receive  it :  And,  laft- 
'  ly,  that  they  have  (after  the  breaking  off  the  late 

*  Treaty,    by  a  peremptory  recalling  their  Com- 

*  mittee,  who,  in  Truth,  during  their  Abode  with 

*  us,  had  no  Power  to  treat  by  reafon  of  their  ftridt 
c  Limitation)  fo  far  rejected  all  poflible  Means  and 
c  Overtures  of  Treaty  and  Accommodation,  that, 
'  inftead  of  anfwering  our  gracious  MefTages,  the 

*  Houfe  of  Commons  hath  imprifoned  our  Mef- 
'  fenger  fent  by  us  to  them,  to  invite  both  Houfes 

*  to  an  Accommodation  ;  and  efpecially  to  move 
'  them  to  take  fuch  a  Courfe  for  the  Freedom  of 

*  Parliament,    that    we    might   fafely  advife    with 
'  that  our  Great  Council  for  the  fettling  thofe  mi- 

*  ferable  Diftractions   and   Diftempers  :  And  hath 
'  malicioufly,    and  in  Contempt    of  us,    after  an 
'  Attempt  to  murder  our  Royal  Confort,  in  Brid- 
'  lington   Road,  (the   Place  of  her  Landing)  im- 
'  peached    her  of  High  Treafon,    for  affifting  us 

*  with  Arms  and  Ammunition  to  defend  us  from, 

*  this  Rebellion  :  'Tis  Time  now  to  let  our  good 
'  Subjects  know,    that  they  may  no  longer  look 

*  upon  the  Votes  and  Actions  of  the  Perfons  now 
'  remaining,    as  upon  our  two  Houfes  of  Parlia- 

*  ment ;  Freedom  and  Liberty  to  be  prefent,  and 
'  of  Opinion  and  Debate  there,  being  eflential  to 

*  a  Parliament ;  "which  Freedom  and  Liberty  all 

*  Men  muft  confefs  to  be  taken  away  from  this 

*  Aflembly,    when  they  remember  the  great  Tu- 
'  mults    brought   down   to   awe    and    terrify  both 
s  Houfes  ;  and  that  they  were  then  brought  down 
'  when  any  great  Debate  was  in  either  Houfe,  and 

*  not  like  to  be  fo  carried  as  fome  feditious  Perfons, 

*  who  governed  thofe  Tumults,    did  defire  ;  that, 
«  in  the  greateft  Heat  and  Fury  of  thofe  Tumults, 

U  2  « the 


308     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19  Car.  I. c  the  principal  Governors  amongft  them  direc"ted 

l6*^        *  the  unruly  People  to  go  to  Whitehall,  where  our 

^~7£^    «  own  Perfon  then  was  ;  and  defigned,  by  Force, 

'  to  have  furprized  the  Perfon  of  our  Son  the  Prince  ; 

'  that,  when  it  was  defired  that  a  Declaration  might 

'  be  made  againft  fuch  Tumults,  inftead  of  con- 

*  fenting  thereunto,  the  Tumults  themfelves  were 

*  juftified  ;  and  when  a  legal  Courfe  was  prefcribed 

*  by  the  Lords,  and  taken  by  the  proper  Minifters 

*  of  Juftice,  to  fupprefs  and  prevent  fuch  Tumults 

*  and  Riots,  that  legal  Courfe  was  fuperfeded  by  thofe 

*  who  were  then  prefent  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 

*  and  the  Minifters  of  Juftice  puniflied  and  impri- 
'  foned  for  executing  the  Law.     When  they  re- 
'  member  that  feveral   Members  of  either  Houfe 

*  have  been  threatened  and  aflaulted  in  thofe  Tu- 

*  mults,  and  their  own  Names   profcribed  as  Per- 
'  fons  difaffe&ed,  becaufe  they  freely  ufed  to  fpeak 

*  their  Confciences  in  both  Houfes  :  That  the  Houfe 

*  of  Peers  have   been  fo  far  threatened    and    me- 

*  naced,    that    the    Names    of   thofe    have    been, 

*  with  Threats,  demanded  by  the  Houfe  of  Com- 

*  mons  at    the    Bar   of   the   Lords'   Houfe,    who 
'  rtrfufed    to   confent   to   this   or   that   Propofition 
'which  had   been  in   Debate   before  them;    and 
'tumultuous  Petitions  countenanced,   which  have 
'  been  prefented  to  that  fame  Purpofe  :    That  the 
'  Members  of  both  Houfes  have  been  imprifoned, 
'  and  forbid  to  be   prefent  at  thofe  Councils,  for 
'no  Reafons  but  becaufe  their  Opinion  hath  not 
'  been  liked  :  That  our  negative  Voice  (our  greateft 

*  and  moft  fovereign  Privilege)  is  boldly  denied  : 
'  That  a  prefumptuous  Attempt  hath  been  made, 
'  by  the  major  Part  of  the  remaining  Part  of  the 
'  Houfe  of  Commons,  to  make  our  Great  Seal  of 
'  England  ;  the  making  of  which,  by  the  exprefs 
'  Letter  of  the  Law,  is  High  Treafon,  and  would 
'  fubvert  the  antient  and  fundamental  Adminiftra- 
'  tion  of  Juftice  :  That,    at    this  Time,  we   and 
'  the  major  Part  of  both  Houfes  are  kept,   by  a 

*  ftrong  and  rebellious  Army,  from  being  prefent 

«  at 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        309 

(  at  that  Council  ;  and  that  thofe  who  are  pref  nt  An.  19.  Car.  I. 

*  are,  by  the  lame  Army,  awed  and  forced  to  take         l643- 
'  unlawful  and  trealbnable  Proteftations  to  engage 

*,  their  Votes  :  And  that  fuch  Refolutions  and  Di- 

*  regions,  which  concern  the  Property  and  Liberty 
'  of   the   Subjects,    are   tranfadted    and    concluded 

*  by  a  few  Perfons,  (under  the  Name  of  a  Clofe 

*  Committee,    conftfling  of  the  Earl  of  Manche- 

*  Jler^  the  Lord   Say,   Mr.  Pymme,   Mr.  Hampden9 

*  Mr.  Straudy  Mr.  Martin,  and  others,  the  whole 
'  Number  not  exceeding  the  Number  of  feventeen 
'  Perfons)  without  reporting  the  fame  to  the  Houfes, 

*  or  having   the   fame  confirmed    by  the  Houfes, 
'  contrary  to  the  exprefs  Law  and  Cuftoms  of  Par- 

*  Jiament. 

4  All  thefe,  for  the  Matter  of  Faft,  we  are  ready 
'  to  make  Proof  of,  and  defire  nothing  but  to  bring 

*  the  Contrivers  of  all  the  aforefaid  Mifchiefs  to 
'  their  Trial  by  Law  ;  and,  till  that  be  fubmitted 

*  to,  we  muft  purfue  them  by  Arms  or  any  other 
'  Way,  in  which  our  good  Subjects  ought  to  give 

*  us  Afiiftance   to   that   Purpole  :    The  imagining 

*  the   Death  of   us,    our  Royal  Confort,    or  our 
'  eldeft  Son  ;   the  levying  War  againft  us  in  our 

*  Realm  ;  giving  to  them   Aid  or  Comfort;    the 
'  Counterfeiting   our  Great  Seal    or  Money,    be- 

*  ing,  by  the  exprefs  Words  of  the  Statute  of  the 
'  twenty-fifth  Year  of  Edward  III.  Cap.   2.  High 
'  Treafon  :   And  how  applicable  this   is   to  thofe 
'  who  have  borne  Arms  againft  us,  and  to  thofe 
'  who  have  confented  that  fuch  Arms  be  borne  ; 
'  to  thofe  who  have  promifed  to  live  and  die  with 

*  the  Earl  of  EJJex,  and  to  thofe  who  every  Day 
'  confent  to  fome   A6t  for    the  Support  and   In- 
«  creafe  of  that  Army,    we  fhall  leave  to  all  the 
'  World  to  judge  ;    and    hope  that  this    gracious 
'  Warning    and   Information,    now    given    by  us, 

*  will  make  that  Impreflion  in  the  Hearts  of  our 

*  People,    that  they  will   no  longer  fuffer  them- 

*  felves  to  be  mifled  from  their  Duty  and  Allegi- 

*  ance  upon  any  Pretences  whatfoever ;    and    we 

U  3  «do 


3 1  o      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  l.c  do  declare,  That  we  fhall  proceed  with  all  Se- 
'  verity  againft  all  Ped'ons  whatfoever,  who  fhaH 
'  June?"1'  '  henceforward  affift,  vote,  or  concur  in  any  Kind 
'  toward  the  Maintenance  and  Countenancing  luch 
'  Adions  and  Refolutions,  which,  by  the  known 
'  and  exprefs  Laws  of  the  Land,  are  High  Treafon  ; 

*  and  againit  all  thofe  who  fhall  adhere  to  them, 
'  who  are  in  Rebellion  againit  us,  as  againft  Re- 
'  bels  and   Traitors,    in   fuch   Manner  as  by  the 

*  Laws  and  Statutes  of  the  Realm  is  directed  and 

*  appointed. 

'  And  fince,  by  the  Power  of  feditious  Perfons,  we 

*  and  both  Joules  are  kept  from  being  fecur'd  againft 

*  tumultuous  AfTemblies,  and  both  Houfes  from  Ad- 

*  journment  to  fome  Place  of  Safety  ;  which,  being 
'  done,  might  quickly  make  an  End  of  thefe  mife- 

*  rable  Difti  actions,  whereby  we  are  debarred  from 

*  the  Benefit  and  Advice,  we  expected  from  that  our 

*  Great  Council,  the  Members  thereof  being  fcat- 

*  terM  into  feveral  Places :  Therefore,  that  the  whole 

*  Kingdom  may  fee  that  we  are  willing  to  receive 

*  Advice  from  thpfe  who  are  trufted  by  them,  tho" 
c  we  cannot  receive  the  fame  in  the  Place  to  which 

*  they  were  called,  for  the  Reafons  aforefaid,  nor  in- 

*  tend  to  receive  Advice  from  them  elfevvhere  in  the 

*  Capacity  of  Houfes  of  Parliament :  We  do  here- 
«  bv  oeclare,   That  fuch  of  the  Members  of  both 

*  Houfes,  as  well  thofe  who  have  been,  by  the  Fac- 
'  tion  of  the  Malignant  Party,  expelled  for  pcrform- 

*  ing  their  Duties  to  us,  and  into  whole  Rooms  no 

*  Perfons  have  been  fince  chofen  by  their  Countries, 

*  as  the  reit  who  fhall  defire  our  Protection,  fhall 

*  be  welcome  to  us  at  our  City  of  Oxford;  untill, 
'  by  the  Adjournment  of  the  Houfes  to  fome  fit  and 

*  free  Place,   or  other  wife,  due  Cotirfe  be  taken  for 

*  the  tull  and  free  Convention  in  Parliament  of  us 
^         *  and  all  the  Members  of  both  Houfes :   And  for 

*  their  better  Encouragement  to  refort  to  us,  we 
'  hereby  will   and  command   all  the  Officers  and 
c  Soldiers  of  our  Army  to  fufter  all  fuch  Perfons  who 
\are  Members  of  cither  Houfe,  with  their  Attend- 

*  ants 


Of   ENGLAND.       311 

c  ants  and  Servants,  to  come  to  us  to  this  our  City  An.  ig.  Car.  I. 
6  of  Oxford.  ' 

*  And  that  none  of  our  good  Subjects  may  believe 
'  that,  by  this  our  neceflary  Declaration  againft  the 

*  Freedom  and  Liberty  of  that  prefent  Aflembly, 
'  we  may  have  the  leaft  Intention  to  violate  or  to 

*  avoid  any  Act  or  Acts  parted  by  us  for  the  Good 

*  and  Benefit  of  our  People  this  Parliament,  we 
6  do  hereby  declare  to  all  the  World,  That  we  fhall, 
'  as  we  have  often  promifed,  as  inviolably  obferve 

*  all  thofe  Acts,  as  if  no  fuch  unhappy  Interruption 
'  had  happened  in  the  Freedom  and  Liberty  of  that 
'  Council :  And  defire  nothing  more  than  to  have 
'  fuch  a  free  Convention  in  Parliament,  that  we  may 
'  add  fuch  further  Acts  of  Grace  as  (hall  be  thought 

*  necefTary  for  the  Advancement  of  the  true  Prote- 
'  ftant  Religion,  for  the  Maintenance  of  the  Liberty 
'  and  Property  of  the  Subjects,  and  the  Prefervation 
'  of  the  Liberty,  Freedom,  and  Privileges  of  Parlia- 

*  ment. 

*  And  that  all  the  World  may  fee  how  willing 
'  and  defirous  we  are  to  forget  all  the  Injuries  and 

*  Indignities  offered  to  us  by  fuch  who  have  been 
'  milled  through  Weaknefs  or  Fear,  or  who  have 

*  not  been  the  principal  Contrivers  of  the  prefent 

*  Miferies,   we  do  offer  a  free   and  general  Par- 
'  don  to  all  the  Members  of  either  Houfe  (except 
«  Robert  Earl  of  EJJex,   Robert  Earl  of  Warwick, 
'  Edward  Earl  of  Manchefier^  Henry  Earl  of  Stam- 
'  ford^  William  Vifcount  Say  and  Sele^  Sir  John  Ho- 

*  tham,  Knt.  and  Bart.  Sir  Arthur  Hafilrigge^  Bart. 

*  Sir  Henry  Lndlow^  Sir  Edward  Hunger f or  d^  and 
'Sir  Francis  Popham,  Knights;  Nathaniel  Fiennes, 

*  John  Hampden,    John  Pymme,    William  Stroud^ 
'  Henry  Martyn,  and  Alexander  Popham^  Efquires  j 
'  Ifaac  Pennington,  Alderman  of  London^  and  Capt. 
e  Fen  ;  who,  being  the  principal  Authors  of  thefe 

*  prefent  Calamities,  have  facrifked  the  Peace  and 
'  Profpemy  of  their  Country  to  their  own  Pride,  Ma- 
'  lice,  and  Ambition  ;  and  againft  whom  we  (hall 
c  proceed,  as  againft  Perfons  s^Uty  of  HigliTreafon, 

'by 


3  r  2       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.'  by  the  known  Laws  of  the  Land  ;  and  fhall,  in 

*  the  Proceeding,  be  moft  careful   to  preferve  to 
'  them  all  Privileges  in  the  fulleft  Manner  that,  by 
'  the  Law  or  the  Ufage  of  former  Times,  is  due  to 

*  them)  if  they  (ball,  within  ten  Days  after  the  pub- 

*  lifhing  of  this  our  Proclamation,  return  to  their 
'  Duty  and  Allegiance  to  us. 

*  And,  laftly,  we  further  command  and  enjoin 
'  all  our  Subjects,  upon  their  Allegiance  to  us,  as 

*  they  will  anfwer  the  contrary  to  Almighty  God, 
«  and  as  they  define   that  they  and  their  Poftcrity 
'  (hould  be  freed  from  the  foul  Taint  of  High  Trea- 

*  fon,  and  as  they  tender  the  Peace  of  this  King- 

*  dom,  That  thev  prefume  not  to  give  any  Affift- 

*  ance  to  the  before  mentioned  rebellious  Armies, 

*  in  their  Perfons  or  Eftates  in  any  Sort  whatfo- 

*  ever ;  but  join  with  us,  according  to  their  Duty 
c  and  the  Laws  of  the  Land,  to  fupprefs  this  horrid 
e  Rebellion. 

'  And  ourPleafure  and  Command  is,  That  this  our 
'  Proclamation  be  read  in  all  Churches  and  Chapels 

*  within  this  our  Kingdom.' 

Given  at  oar  Court  at  Oxford  the  2Cth  Day  of  June, 
in  the  nineteenth  Year  of  our  Reign. 

After  reading  this  Proclamation  the  Lords  agreed, 
thfllorTo'n  the  That  »t  declared  this  Parliament  to  be  no  true  Par- 
foregoing  Procla-  liament  j  and  that  the  King  would  not  receive  what- 
matioa,  foever  came  to  him  from  them  ;  thereupon  they  re- 

folved  to  communicate  this  to  the  Commons,  at  a 
Conference,  and  appointed  a  Committee  of  four 
Lords  to  confider  of  the  Senfe  of  this  Houfe,  to  be 
delivered  on  this  Occafion  ;  as  alfo  to  draw  up  a  pro- 
per Anfwer  to  the  Proclamation.  Soon  after  the 
Lord  Say  and  Sele,  from  this  Committee,  brought 
in  the  following  : 

*  The  Lords  do  apprehend  that  the  foregoing 
Proclamation,  whereby  this  Parliament  is  declared 
to  be  no  free  Parliament,  and  the  People  are  re- 
quired not  to  look  upon  the  Votes  or  Actions  of 

the 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      313 

the  Perfons  now  remaining  as  upon  the  two  Houfes  An,  19.  Car.  I. 
of  Parliament,  is  deftructive  as  to  the  prefent  Par- 
liment  and  all  Acts  therein,  fo  alfo  to  the  efta-  v~ 
blifhcd  Government  of  this  Kingdom  ;  which  De- 
claration being  maintained  and  purfued  by  Force, 
the  Lords  do  conceive  themfelves  bound  to  defend 
this  prefent  Parliament,  and  to  maintain  the  Free- 
dom thereof,  with  their  Lives  and  Fortunes,  and 
are  reiblved  fo  to  do.  They  think  it  fit  alfo,  that 
a  Declaration  be  made  to  that  Purpofe  to  all  the 
Kingdom,  and  to  invite  therein  all  Englijhmen^ 
both  of  the  Nobility,  Gentry,  and  Commons,  to 
join  with  them,  affuring  fuch  as  fhall  do  fo,  that 
they  fhall  be  embraced  and  received  into  the  Pro- 
tection of  the  Parliament,  and  acknowledged  as 
thofe  who  have  done  a  good  Service  to  the  State  ; 
except  it  be  fuch  Perfons  who  (hall  appear  to  be 
the  Contrivers  of  thefe  deftructive  Counfels,  thofe 
to  be  named  and  excepted  in  the  Declaration  ;  and 
to  this  End  to  defire,  that  a  Committee  of  both 
Houfes  may  be  named  to  meet  to  draw  up  the  De- 
claration, their  Lordfhips  being  refolved  to  name 
four  Lords  for  that  Purpofe. 

The  Parliament  had  difpatched  a  Meflenger  into 
Scotland,  fome  Time  fince,  to  bring  over  the  Scots 
to  their  Intereft;  and,  this  Day,  (  June  27  )  they 
thought  proper  to  fend  another  on  the  fame  Bufi- 
nefs,  who  was  to  acquaint  them  with  their  prefent 
State  and  Condition  ;  and  that,  after  being  long  en- 
tertained with  Treaties  and  Proportions  for  Peace, 
they  were  fruftrated  by  the  prevailing  Party  of  Pa- 
pifts  and  other  ill-affected  Perfons  about  the  King : 
That  they  commended  this  great  Caufe  to  the 
Chriftian  Wifdom  and  brotherly  Affection  of  the 
Scots  Nation  and  State,  to  confider  how,  by  their 
concurrent  Advice  and  Affiftance,  the  Fadtion  of 
Papifts,  Bifhops,  and  other  Malignants  of  this  King- 
dom, might  be  fupprefs'd  ;  the  Ruin  of  Religion 
and  Liberty  here  prevented,  and  thereby  their  own 
better  preferved  and  eftablifhed.  With  thefe,  and 

many 


3 1 4       tte  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I. many  more  Inftru&iona,  Mr.  Corbet   fet  out,  on 
t     l64^     t  this  fecond  Embaffy  into  Scotland  j  the  Confequence 
Iun7        °f  which  will  f°on  2PPear. 

This  Day  alfo  the  EfTed  of  a  Conference,  on 
the  King's  laft  Proclamation,  was  reported  to  the 
Lords  by  their  Speaker,  which  was, 

fcropofals  from       *  That  the  Houfe  of  Commons  had  confidered 
the  Commons  attheir  Lordfhips  Senfe,  delivered  at  the  late   Con- 
mConferencc     ference,  touching  the  King's  Proclamation,  wherein 
rcupon'        they  agree    with    their   Lordfhips  in   every    Par- 
ticular ;  and  as  they  apprehend  their  Lordmips  In- 
tentions to  be  real  in  what  they   have  refolved,  fo 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  defire  that  their  Lordfhips 
would  make  good  their  real  Intentions,  by  real  De- 
monftrations,  that  it  may  appear  fo  to  the  King- 
dom. 

'  And,  to  the  End  that  their  Lordfliips  may  bet- 
ter carry  on  their  Refolutions,  and  have  the  fitter 
Means  of  Support  for  the  fame,  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons  have  thought  proper  to  offer  fome  Parti- 
culars to  their  Lordfhips  Confideration  : 

1.  *  That  their  Lordfhips  would   pleafe  to  join 
with  the  Houfe  of  Commons  in  the  Propofitions  for 
the  making  a  new  Gre^t  Seal,  to  prevent  the  Abufes 
of  it;    fuch    as  was  the  lealing  the  Commifiion 
for  the  horrid  Defign  againft  the  Parliament  and 
the    City   of  London ;    and    alfo   becaufe,    by  the 
making  a   new  Great   Seal,  Juftice  fhall   be   the 
better  adminiftred  to  the  Kingdom,  and  the  People 
will  be  the  more  dependent  upon  the  Parliament : 
Whereas  now  they  are  forced  to  go  to  Oxford  for 
the  Difpatch  of  their  Affairs,  which  otherwife  they 
would  not ;  and   alfo   their  Lordmips   will  be  the 
more  enabled  to  do  that  for  the  Maintenance  of  the 
Parliament,  and  the  Freedom  and  Liberty  thereof, 
which  otherwife  they  cannot. 

2.  '  The  Houfe  of  Commons  defire  their  Lord- 
(hips   to  give  Order,  that  Proclamation   may  iflue 
out  to  fummon  the  Queen  to  anfwer  the  Impeach- 
ment, according  to  the  Articles  ;  and  the  Houfe  of 
Commons   make   this  Obfervation,  That  though 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       315 

the  King's  Councils  have  flown  very  high  in  the  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
Contempt  of  this  Parliament,  yet  they  never  pre-  1643- 
fumed  to  declare  it  to  be  None,  till  the  Queen  was 
impeached ;  therefore  the  Houfe  of  Commons  think 
it  fit  to  proceed  againft  her,  to  (hew  their  Love  to 
Juftice,  and  to  let  them  fee  that  the  Parliament 
{brinks  not  from  their  Duty,  notwithftanding  this 
Proclamation  ;  and  alfo  becaufe  the  World  may  fee 
what  Reafon  they  have  to  charge  the  Queen ;  and 
thofe  that  have  Dependence  upon  the  Queen's  Ways, 
Defigns,  and  Counfels,  may  be  weaken'd  and  de- 
terred from  their  Dependence  on  her,  and  acting  her 
Commands. 

3.  «  To  take  off  the  Impreflion  that  this  Procla- 
mation may  make  in  foreign  Parts,  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  defire  their  Lordfhips  to  fend  the  Com- 
miffioners  into  Scotland  fpeedily,  and  to  refolve  to 
fend  Agents  abroad  to  other  States,  whereby  the 
Imputations  will  be  taken  away  which  are  laid  upon 
the  Parliament  by  the  King's  Minifters ;  alfo  that 
the  Aid  expected  by  the  King  from  foreign  Parts 
may  be  prevented,  and  Trade  fecured,  which  they 
have  endeavoured  to  moleft. 

4.  c  To  defire  their  Lordmips  will  take  into  Con- 
fideration  the  two  Ordinances  fent  up  to  them  by  the 
Houfe  of  Commons. 

'  The  firft,  concerning  Intelligence  held  with 
Oxford  and  the  King's  Army ;  the  other,  concern- 
ing the  lifting  of  Horfes. 

1.  '  That  the  Freedom  of  Intercourfe  hath  been 
a  Means  to  fupply  the  King  both  with  Money  and 
Arms. 

2.  *  That  it  gives  Opportunity  to  make  great 
Factions  in  the  City,  to  corrupt  the  Well-affected 
to  the  Parliament,  and  to  effect  many  dangerous 
Practices  and  Confpiracies,  to  the  Hazard  of  the 
whole  Kingdom. 

3.  «  tt  acquaints  the  Enemy  with  all  our  Defigns, 
Preparations,  and  Convoys. 

4.  *  It  is  contrary  to  all  Rules  and  Grounds  of 
War. 

« Con- 


316       ¥he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.     <  Concerning  lifting  of  Horfes;  it  will  be  a  Means 
1_— *-'^f    t0 furm*k  the Parliament  witn  a  Body  of  Horfe  upon 
June.        a^  Occafions,  l°  preferve  the  City  and  reinforce  the 
Army. 

5.  '  The  Houfe  of  Commons  conceive  that  the 
King,  by  his  Proclamation,  as  Jar  as  in  him  lies, 
hath  difabled  the  Parliament  to  offer  any  Petition, 
and  prefent  any  humble  Advice  to  him,  in  Quality 
of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  that  he  will  not 
receive  any  fuch  in  that  Capacity;  which  Confi- 
deration  the  Houfe  of  Commons  prefents  to  their 
Lord  (hips,  as  an  Anfwer  for  not  joining  with  their 
Lordfhips  in  that  Petition,  which  their  Lordfhips 
propofed  to  them  to  be  delivered  to  the  King  for 
Peace,  which  yet  depends  unpafs'd. 

6.  *  The  Houfe  of  Commons  defire  their  Lord- 
ihips  to  join  with  them  in  an  Oath  to  be  drawn, 
to  be  taken  by  all  Commanders  and  Officers   in 
the  Army   ami    Fleet,    and  by  Keepers  of  Forts 
and  Caftles,  and  by  other  public  Officers  in  the 
Army;  whereby  they  lhall  be  bound  to  maintain 
and  defend   the  two  Houfes  of  Lords  and  Com- 
mons, in  this  prefent  Parliament,  and  faithfully  to 
difcharge  the  Truft  committed  to  them  by  both 
Houfes  of  Parliament,  againft  all  Authority  what- 
foever.' 

The  Lords  taking  the  Report  of  this  Conference 
into  Confideration,  ordered,  That  a  Committee  of 
their  Houfe  fhould  meet  with  the  Committee  of 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  on  Thurfday  next  in  the 
Afternoon,  in  the  Prince's  Lodgings,  to  draw  up 

a  Declaration  upon  the  King's  Proclamation. 

Touching  the  Jilting  of  Horfes;  the  Lords  thought 
fit  that  the  Thing  fliould  be  done,  but  not  in  the 
Way  as  the  Ordinance  was  then  drawn ;  therefore 
appointed  another  Committee  to  meet  this  After- 
noon, to  confider  of  the  drawing  up  another  Ordi- 
nance for  that  Purpofe. And  touching  the  Or- 
dinance to  prevent  Intelligence,  and  fending  of 
Letters  to  the  King's  Army,  the  Lords  refolved  to 
abide  by  their  foxmer  Refolution  of  rejecting  it ; 

and 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       317 

and  appointed  a  Committee  to  draw  up  fome  Rea-An 
ions  to  be  offered  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  for  the 
lame. 

June  29.    A  Petition  from  the  Earl  of  Portland 
to  the  Lords  was  read,  fhewing, 

CfHAT  be  was  committed  Prifoner  in  ike  City,  A  Petition  from 
f    rf,  B«,WV  ,/Auguft/*/  ,at  the  l***iSZ 


Houfe  of  Commons  ,  upon  fame  bujpicions  and  Jealou-  on  Account  of 
fies  they  had  of  him;  where  he  continued  fix  Months,ti&  late  Plot, 
almoft  to  the  Ruin  of  his  whole  EJlate. 

That  be  is  now  made  a  Prifoner  upon  the  fame 
Grounds,  and  at  the  fame  Requeft  ;  but,  as  he  con- 
ceives, without  any  Charge  brought  up  again/}  him  .• 
IFhereby,  and  by  what  Mr.  Waller  hath  threatened 
him  with  fence  be  was  imprifoned,  he  doth  apprehend 
a  very  fad,  long,  and  ruinous  Rejlraint,  all  bis 
Goods  being  already  taken  out  of  his  Power,  which 
were  the  only  Means  he  had  for  the  prefent  Subjiftence 
of  his  Family. 

He  therefore  humbly  prays  the  Lords*  That  he  may 
not  find  the  Effects  of  Mr.  Waller'*  Threats,  by  a 
long  and  clofe  Imprifonment  ;  but  that  he  may  be 
fpefdily  brought  to  a  legal  Trial  before  them  ;  and 
then  he  is  confident  the  Vanity  and  Faljhood  of  thefe 
Informations,  which  have  been  given  to  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  againft  the  Petitioner,  will  appear  both  to 
their  Lordjhips  and  to  them  ;  and  he  /hall  have  the 
Teftimony  of  having  ever  borne  a  very  faithful  Heart 
to  his  Country. 

And  for  this  he  (ball  ever  pray,  &c. 

PORTLAND. 


The  Lords  taking  Notice  of  the  Expreflions  in 
the  Petition,  about  Mr.  Waller's  Threats  to  the 
Earl,  ordered,  That  they  fhould  be  both  examined, 
Face  to  Face,  the  next  Day  j  to  which  the  .Com- 
mons allb  agreed. 

The 


318      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  The  Earl  of  Northumberland  was  another  Perfofl 
the  Commons  accufed  as  having  fome  Knowledge 
of  the  late  Plot ;  and  this  Day  the  Commons  fent 
up  to  the  Lords  to  have  him  examined  forthwith. 
The  Commons  The  Earl  being  in  the  Houfe  defired  the  fame 
defue  the  Earl  of  Thing,  that  fo,  as  he  faid,  his  Innocency  might 
Hortbumbtriand  fOOner  appear,  and  he  not  lie  longer  under  a  Jea- 

jway  be  examined ,      r         rf-   i_  j  _v      i 

touching  that    loufy  >  wmch  was  done  accordingly. 

Affair, 

July  I.  The  Earl  of  Manchejler,  from  the  Com- 
mittee appointed  to  take  Examinations  in  the  above 
Affair,  reported  what  Difcourfe  the  Earl  of  Port~ 
land  had  lately  with  Mr.  Waller. 

Mr.  Thinn,  the  Ufher  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords, 
depofed,  *  That  on  the  2ift  ult.  whilft  he  ftaid  to 
fee  whether  Mr.  Alderman  Atkins  would  receive 
the  Lord  Portland,  Mr.  Waller  came  to  fpeak  to 
his  Lordfliip,  as  he  conceived.  The  Alderman 
carried  them  into  an  upper  Room,  and,  when  they 
came  down  again,  Lord  Portland  came  into  the 
Parlour,  and  faid  thefe,  or  the  like  Words,  Pray 
do  me  the  Favour  to  tell  my  Lord  Northumberland, 
that  Mr.  Waller  has  extremely  preffed  me  to  fave 
my  own  Life  and  his,  by  cafting  the  Guilt  or  Blame 
upon  the  Lord  Conway  and  the  Earl  of  Northum- 
berland.' 

The  Lord  Lovelace  alfo  teftified,  but  not  upon 
Oath,  '  That  he  went  to  the  Earl  of  Portland  on 
Monday  laft ;  and,  after  he  had  been  there  a  while, 
the  Earl  fhewed  Alderman  Atkins's  Wife  a  Petition; 
and,  when  fhe  had  read  it,  the  Earl  fhewed  it  to 
him  ;  and  he  remembers  that,  in  the  fame  Petition, 
there  was  this  Claufe,  That  Mr.  Waller  defired 
him  to  fave  himfelf  and  him,  by  laying  the  Blame  on 
the  two  other  Lords  as  before' 

Thefe  Testimonies,  with  the  Earl  of  Portlands 
own  Examination,  which  is  not  entered  in  the 
'Journals,  were  ordered  to  be  written  out  and  de- 
livered to  Mr.  Pymme,  or  any  of  the  Committee 
of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  by  Direction  of  the 
Lords. 

The 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         319 

The  fame  Day  the  Speaker  acquainted  the  Lords,  An,  19.  Car.  I, 
that  he  had  received  a  Letter  from  th'e  Lord- Gene- 
ral  j  which  was  read  as  follows : 

My  Lord, 

QlNCE  the  Coming  of  the  Army  to  this  Place,  the  A  Letter  from 
°  Unfeafonablenefs  of  the  Weather  y  and  fame  '^SngSd. 
Accidents i  hath  prevented  many  Things  which  I  pur-  vice  of  Parlia- 
pofed  to  have  attempted^  had  God  feen  it  fit ; 
therefore  1  much  defer  e  that  fame  of  the  Lords  of  your 
Houfe  might  be  fent  down^  together  with  fame  of  the 
Commons^  that  we  may  debate  Things  of  great  NeceJJity 
to  be  confedered  of ;  which  I  muft  defer  e  may  be  done 
with  all  pojjible  Speed ;  that,  upon  a  Refult  of  what 
may  be  offered^  you  may  receive  full  Satisfaction  of 
our  Condition ;  which  I  leave  to  the  Wifdom  of  the 
Houfe  >  refting 

Your  Lordftiip's 

Thame,  June  30, 

l643-  Faithful  Servant, 

ESSEX. 

A  Conference  being  defired,  and  held,  between 
the  two  Houfes,  on  the  Subject  of  this  Letter,  the 
Refult  of  it  was,  That  the  Lords  named  the  Earl 
of  Holland  and  the  Lord  Grey  of  Werk  to  go,  with 
a  proportionable  Number  of  the  Commons,  to  the 
General :  But  the  next  Day  of  Meeting,  July  3, 
the  faid  Lords  being  returned,  reported  to  the 
Houfe,  That  they  fet  out  on  their  Journey,  and 
got  as  far  as  Ayleflury,  where  they  met  with  an- 
other Letter  from  the  Lord -General,  informing 
them  that  the  King's  Forces  were  abroad  that 
Way ;  and  therefore  advifing  them  not  to  proceed 
any  further. 

July  4.  In  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  this  Day, 
Mr.  Waller  was  brought  to  the  Bar,  in  order  to 
anfwer  to  his  Charge  for  being  concerned  in  the 
Jate  Plot  j  when  his  Examinations  and  Confeflions 


3  2  o      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  L  were  fhewauntoJiim,  who  acknowledged  them  all 

^     1 _43 '        to  be  true.  rThen  being  told  by  the  Speaker,  if  he 

jujy<        had  any  Thing  more  to  fay,  either  as  to  the  Plot, 

or  for  himfelf,  he  had  Leave  to  do  fo,  he  made  the 

following  Speech  to  the  Houfe  *. 

Mr.  Speaker, 

Mr.  Waller's    «  T  Acknowledge  it  a  great  Mercy  of  God,  and  a 
o^Delence',5        \-    §reat  Favour  from  you,  that  I  am,  once  more, 
concerning  the  fuftered  to  behold  this  Honourable  Aflembly, 
late  Wot.  <  I  mean  not  to  make  ufe  of  it  to  lay  any  Thing 

in  my  own  Defence,  by  Juftification  or  Denial  of 
\vhat  I  have  done.  I  have  already  confefled  enough 
to  make  me  appear  worthy,  not  only  to  be  put  out 
of  this  Houfe,  but  out  of  the  World  too.  All  my 
humble  Requeft  to  you  is,  that,  if  I  feem  to  you  as 
unworthy  to  live  as  I  do  to  myfelf,  I  may  have  the 
Honour  to  receive  my  Death  from  your  own  Hands, 
and  not  to  be  expofed  to  a  Trial  by  the  Council  of 
War :  Whatever  you  mail  think  me  worthy  to  fuf- 
fer  in  a  Parliamentary  Way,  is  not  like  to  find  Stop 
any  where  elfe. 

*  This,  Sir,  I  hope  you  will  be  pleafed,  for  your 
own  Sakes,  to  grant  me  ;  who  am  already  fo  mi- 
ferable,  that  nothing  can  be  added  to  my  Cala- 
mity— but  to  be  made  the  Occafion  of  creating  a 
Precedent  to  your  own  Difadvantage :  Befides  the 
Right  I  may  have  to  this,  confider,  I  befeech  you, 
that  the  Eyes  of  the  World  are  upon  you.  You, 
govern  in  Chief,  and  if  you  (hould  expofe  your 
own  Members  to  the  Punifhment  of  others,  it  will 
be  thought  that  you  either  want  Power,  or  Leifure, 
to  chaftife  them  yourfelves ;  nor  let  any  Man  de- 
fpife  the  ill  Confequence  of  fuch  a  Precedent,  as 
this  would  be,  becaufe  he  feeth  not  prefently  the 
Inconveniences  which  may  enfue :  You  have  many 
Armies  on  Foot,  and  it  is  uncertain  how  long  you 

may 

*  From  the  Original  Edition  printed  by  G.  Dexter,  and  licenced 
by  Job*  Wbite. 

Lord  Clarendon,  after  giving  a  very  long  and  particular  Narrative  of 
this  Affair,  remarks,  '  That  Mr.  ff'j/leraid  as  much  owe  the  keeping 
hi<  Head  to  this  Oration,  as  Catalint  did  the  Loft  of  his  to  thole  of 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         321 

may  have  Occafion  to  ufe  them.  Soldiers  and  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
Commanders  (though  I  know  well  they  of  the  Par-  l643- 
liament's  Army  excell  no  lefs  in  Modefty  than 
they  do  in  Courage)  are  generally  of  a  Nature  ready 
to  pretend  to  the  utmoft  Power  of  this  Kind,  which 
they  conceive  to  be  due  to  them  ;  and  may  be  too 
apt,  upon  any  Occafion  of  Difcontent,  to  make 
ufe  of  f'ich  a  Precedent  as  this.  In  this  very  Par- 
liament you  have  not  been  without  fome  Taite  of 
the  Experience  hereof ;  it  is  now  fomewhat  more 
than  two  Years  fince  you  had  an  Army  in  the 
North,  paid  and  directed  by  yourfelves ;  and  yet 
you  may  be  pleafed  to  remember  there  was  a  con- 
iiderable  Number  of  Officers  in  that  Army,  which 
joined  in  a  Petition,  or  Remonftrance,  to  this  Houfe, 
taking  Notice  of  what  fome  of  the  Members  had 
faid  here,  as  they  fuppofed,  to  their  Difadvantaa;e, 
and  did  little  lefs  than  require  them  of  you.  'Tis 
true,  there  had  been  fome  Tampering  with  them  ; 
but  what  has  happened  at  one  Time,  may  wifely 
be  thought  poffible  to  fall  out  again  at  another. 

'  Sir,  I  prefume  but  to  point  you  out  the  Danger : 
If  it  be  not  juft,  I  know  you  will  not  do  me  the 
Wrong  to  expofe  me  to  this  Trial  ;  if  it  be  juft, 
your  Army  may  another  Time  require  the  fame 
Juilice  of  you  in  their  .own  Behalf,  againft  fome 
other  Member,  whom,  perhaps,  you  would  be  lefs 
willing  to  part  with.  Neceffity  has,  of  late,  forced 
you  into  untrodden  Paths  ;  and,  in  fuch  a  Cafe  as 
this,  where  you  have  no  Precedent  of  your  own, 
you  may  not  do  amifs  to  look  abroad  upon  other 
States  and  Senates,  which  exercife  the  Supreme 
Power,  as  you  now  do  here. 

'  I  dare  confidently  fay  you  (hall  find  none,  either 
antient  or  modern,  which  ever  expofed  any  of  their 
own  Order  to  be  tried  for  his  Life,  by  the  Officers 
of  their  Armies  abroad,  for  what  he  did  while  he 
refided  among  them  in  the  Senate. 

'  Among  the  Romans  the  PradHce  was  fo  con- 
trary, that  fome  inferior  Officers  in  their  Army, 
far  from  the  City,  having  been  fentenced  bv  their 

VOL.  XII.  X  '    Ge- 


322       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.General  or  Commander  in  Chief,  asdefeiving  Death 
l643^        by  their  Difcipline  of  War,  have  neverthelefs   (be- 
*—  ~*~  — '  caufe  they    were  Senators)    appealed    thither,  and 
Juy'        the  Caufe  has  received  a  new  Hearing  in  the  Se- 
nate. 

'  Not  to  ufe  more  Words  to  perfuade  you  to 
take  heed  that  you  wound  not  yourfelves,  through 
my  Sides,  in  violating  the  Privileges  belonging:  to 
your  own  Perfons,  1  fhall  humbly  defire  you  to 
conlider  likewife  the  Nature  of  my  Offence  ;  (not 
but  that  I  (hould  be  much  afhamed  to  fay  any 
Thing  in  Diminution  thereof  :  God  knows  'tis 
horrid  enough  for  the  Evil  it  might  have  occafi- 
oned)  but  if  you  look  near  it,  it  may,  perhaps, 
appear  to  be  rather  a  Civil  than  a  Martial  Crime, 
and  fo  to  have  Title  to  a  Trial  at  the  Common 
Law  of  the  Land  :  There  may,  juftly,  be  fome 
Difference  put  between  me  and  others  in  this  Bu- 
finefs. 

'  I  have  had  nothing  to  do  with  the  other  Army, 
or  any  Intention  to  begin  the  Offer  of  Violence  to 
any  Body  ;  it  was  only  a  civil  Pretence  to  that 
•which  I  then,  foolifhly,  conceived  to  be  the  Right 
of  the  Subject.  I  humbly  refer  it  to  your  Confi- 
derations,  and  to  your  Confciences.  1  know  you 
will  take  Care  not  to  fhed  that  Blood  by  the  Law 
of  War,  which  hath  a  Right  to  be  tried  by  the 
Law  of  Peace. 

'  Ifor  fo  much  as  concerns  myfelf  and  my  Part 
in  this  Bufinefs,  (if  I  were  worthy  to  have  any 
Thing  fpoken,  or  patiently  heard,  in  my  Behalf) 
this  might  truly  be  faid,  That  I  made  not  this 
Bufinefs,  but  found  it ;  it  was  in  other  Men's  Hands 
long  before  it  was  brought  to  me  ;  and  when  it 
came,  I  extended  it  not,  but  reftrained  it.  For  the 
Propofitions  of  letting  in  Part  of  the  King's  Army, 
or  offering  Violence  to  the  Members  of  this  Houfe, 
I  ever  difallowed,  and  utterly  rejected  them. 

'  What  it  was  that  moved  me  to  entertain  Dif- 
courfe  of  this  Bufinefs,  fo  far  as  I  did,  I  will  teJl 
you  ingenuoufly  j  and  that  rather  as  a  Warning 

for 


Of    ENGLAND.        323 

Far  others,  than  it  makes  any  Thing  for  myfelf ;  it  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
v/as  only  an  Impatience  of  the  Inconveniences  of  1<'43« 
the  prefent  War,  looking  on  Things  with  a  carnal  ^^^^ 
Eye,  and  not  minding  that  which  chiefly,  if  not  ^  y* 
only,  ought  to  have  been  confidered,  the  ineftimable 
Value  of  the  Caufe  you  have  in  Hand,  the  Caufe 
of  God  and  of  Religion  ;  and  the  Neceflities  you  are 
forced  upon  for  the  Maintenance  of  the  fame.  As 
a  juft  Punifhment  for  this  Neglect,  it  pleafed  God 
to  defert  me  and  fuffer  me,  with  a  fatal  Blindnefs, 
to  be  led  on  and  engaged  in  fuch  Counfels  as  were 
"wholly  difproportioned  to  the  reft  of  my  Life.  This, 
Sir,  my  own  Confcience  tells  me,  was  the  Caufe 
of  my  Falling,  and  not  Malice,  or  any  ill  Habit 
of  Mind  or  Difpofition  towards  the  Common- 
wealth, or  to  the  Parliament :  For  from  whence 
fhould  I  have  it  ?  If  you  look  on  my  Birth  you 
•will  not  find  it  in  my  Blood  :  I  am  of  a  Stock 
which  hath  borne  you  better  Fruit.  If  you  look 
on  my  Education,  it  hath  been  almoft  from  my 
Childhood  in  this  Houfe,  and  amongft  the  beft  Sort 
of  Men;  and  for  the -whole  Practice  of  my  Life, 
till  this  Time,  if  another  were  to  fpeak  for  me, 
he  might  reafonably  fay,  That  neither  my  Actions 
out  of  Parliament,  nor  my  Expreflions  in  it,  have 
favoured  of  Diflaffeclion  or  Malice  to  the  Liberties 
of  the  People  or  Privileges  of  Parliament. 

4  Thus,  Sir,  I  have  fet  before  your  Eyes  both 
my  Perfon  and  my  Cafe ;  wherein  I  mall  make  no 
fuch  Defence  by  denying  or  extenuating  any  Thing 
I  have  done,  as  ordinary  Delinquents  do.  My 
Addrefs  to  you,  and  all  my  Plea,  lhall  only  be 
fuch  as  Children  ufe  to  their  Parents,  1  have  of- 
fended, I  confefs  it.  I  never  did  any  Thing  like 
it  before.  It  is  a  Paflage  unfuitable  to  the  whole 
Courfe  of  my  Life  befide  ;  and  for  the  Time  to 
come,  as  God,  that  can  bring  Light  out  of  Dark- 
nefs,  hath  made  this  Bufmefs  in  the  Event  ufeful 
to  you,  fo  alfo  hath  he  to  me  :  You  have  by  it 
made  an  happy  Difcovery  of  your  Enemies,  and  I 
ef  myfelf  and  the  evil  Principles  I  walked  by ;  fo 
X  2  that 


324    77^  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I. that  if  you  look  either  on  what  I  have  been  hereto- 

1643.        fore,  or  what  I   now    am,  and   by  God's  Grace 

^— -v— — '    affifting  me,  I  fliarll   always  continue  to  be,  you 

July§        may  perhaps  think  me  fit  to  be  an  Example  of  your 

Compaflion  and  Clemency. 

4  Sir,  I  lhall  no  fooner  leave  you,  but  my  Life 
•will  depend  on  your  Breath  ;  and  not  that  alone, 
but  the  Subfiftence  of  fome  that  are  more  innocent. 
I  might  therefore  fhevv  you  my  Children,  whom 
the  Rigour  of  your  Juftice  would  make  compieat 
Orphans,  being  already  motherleis.  I.might  fhew 
you  a  Family,  wherein  there  are  fome  unworthy 
to  have  their  Share  in  that  Mark  of  Infamy  which 
now  threatens  me :  But  fomething  there  is,  which 
if  I  could  {hew  you,  would  move  you  more  than 
all  this ;  it  is  my  Heart,  which  abhors  what  I  have 
done  more,  and  is  more  fevere  to  itfelf,  than  the 
fevered  Judge  can  be.  A  Heart,  Mr.  Speaker,  fo 
awakened  by  this  Affliction,  and  fo  intirely  devoted 
to  the  Caufe  you  maintain,  that  I  earneftly  defire 
of  God  to  incline  you  fo  to  difpofe  of  me,  whether 
for  Life  or  Death,  as  may  moft  conduce  to  the 
Advancement  thereof; 

'  Sir,  not  to  trouble  you  any  longer,  if  I  die  I 
fliall  die  praying  for  you ;  if  I  live  I  fhall  live 
ferving  you ;  and  render  you  back  the  Ufe  and 
Employment  of  all  thofe  Days  you  fhall  add  to  my 
Life.' 

The  Commons  After  this  Speech,  Mr.  Waller  having  withdrawn, 
expel  him,  and  he  was  called  in  again  j  and,  being  by  the  Speaker 
he  is  condemned  required  thereto,  gave  the  Houfe  an  exact  Account 

heCOUndl  how  he  came  firft  to  the  Knowledge  of  this  Bufi- 
nefs  ;  as  alfo  what  Lords  were  acquainted  there- 
with, or  had  engaged  themfelves  therein.  Not- 
withftanding  which  he  was  expelled  (he  Houfe  ; 
and  fo  being  left  to  the  Council  of  War,  as  all 
the  reft  of  the  Confpirators  had  been,  he  was  con- 
demned to  die.  But  Mr.  l^bitlocke  tells  us,  *  That 
the  Lord-General  granted  him  a  Reprieve;  and, 
after  a  Year's  Imprifonment,  and  paying  a  Fine  of 
10,0007.  he  was  difeharged,  and  travelled  into 

France* 


Of    ENGLAND.       325 

France.''     Mr.    Tonkins   and   Mr.   Chaloner  were  An;  19.  Car.  I. 
hanged.  l643- 

•  The  Houfe  of  Commons  had  received  Informa- 
tion  of  fome  Deiign  of  betraying  Huil  to  the  King, 
in  which  the  famous  Sir  John  Hotbam  and  his  Son  information  of 
were   concerned :  And,    this  Day,    they   fent    Si^J^tSdin 
William  Strickland  up  to  the  Lords  with  a  Meffageto  deliver  up 
and  feveral  intercepted  Letters  from  the  aforefaid^^^'teKins. 
Sir  John  and  his  Son  ;  in  Confideration  of  which, 
he  faid,  the  Commons  had  come  to  fome  Refolu- 
tions  for   the  better  fecuring  and  preferving  that 
Fortrefs ;  which  were  thefe  : 

'  That  Sir  William  Strickland  and  Mr.  Hatcher^ 
Members  of  their  Houfe,  with  the  Mayor  of  the 
Town  of  Hull  and  Sir  Mattheiu  Boynton,  fhould 
be  appointed  a  Committee  for  the  Government  of 
Hull;  and  that  the  former  two  fliould  go  down  « 
forthwith  to  take  it  upon  thqjn  :  That  Sir  Matthew 
Roynton  fhould  be  appointed  Colonel  of  the  Gar- 
rifon  in  that  Town,  and  recommended  to  the  Ge- 
neral for  a  Commiffion  for  that  Purpofe.  Sir  Henry 
Vane,  jun.  and  Peregrine  Pelham^  Efq;  Members 
for  Hull,  \vith  Sir  William  Allanfon,  were  alfo  ad- 
ded ;'  to  all  which  the  Lords  agreed,  with  the  Ad- 
dition of  Sir  Philip  Stapylton  and  Sir  William  Con- 
Jiable  to  this  Commiffion. 

In  this  Meflage  alfo  the  Commons  again  prefTed 
the  Lords  to  confent  to  the  making  of  a  new  GreatTj,e  commons 
Seal,  becaufe,  they   faid,  the  Kingdom    was    notorder  a  new 
able  to  fubfift  without  it ;  but  the  Lords  let  them Great  Seal  tof* 
know,  That  they  adhered,  in  this,  to  their  former ma  e> 
Refolution  ;  which,    when  the  Commons    under- 
frood,  they  refolved  to  give  Orders  for  making  a  new 
Great  Seal  themfelves,  and  appointed  a  Committee 
to  lee  it  done  with  all  Speed  :  But  they  made  no 
Ufe  of  it  till  the  Lords  gave  their  Confent  the  I2th 
of  Oftober  following.     The  Form  of  it  was,  a  Re- 
prefentation  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  the  Mem- 
bers fitting,  on  one  Side;  and  the  Arms  of  England 
and  Ireland  on  the  other. 

X  3  July 


326      'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  19.  Car.  I.  Juty  5.  The  Commons  having  had  Information 
of  the  iU  Succefs  of  the  Lord  Fairfax  in  the  North, 
and  that  the  Earl  of  Newcajile  had  entirely  routed 
his  Forces  at  Atherton-Moor,  near  Bradford,  were  in 
great  Confirmation  :  And,  this  Day,  at  a  Con- 
w  ference»  the  C°mmons  communicated  this  bad 

cajile  '  News  to  the  Lords  ;  earneftly  prefling  them  to  no- 

minate a  Committee  of  their  Houfe,  to  go  forth- 

Whereupon  the  with   into  Scotland,  and   to  defire  the  Scots  Nation 

Lords  agree  to  to  fencj  ^id  and  Afliftance  into  England  againft  the 
'"'Papifts  and  others,  now  in  Arms  to  deftroy  the  Pro- 
teftant  Religion  and  the  Liberty  of  this  Kingdom. 
The  Lords  agreed  to  this,  and  ordered  the  Lord 
Grey  of  IPerk  to  attend  the  Houfe  the  next  Morn- 
ing for  that  Purpofe. 

Little  elfe,  of  Moment,  occurs  in  the  "Journals* 
till  this  Day,  'July  10,  when  we  meet  with  an 
Ordinance  of  Indemnity  for  thofe  Gentlemen  that 
fecured  Sir  John  Hotham,  his  Son,  &c.  which  was 
re,ad,  and  agreed  to,  in  thefe  Words : 

Ah  Tndemnifka- «  "T  T|  THereas  Thomas  Raikes,  Mayor  of  //«//, 
fon"  ^oncerred'" '    VV     Sir  Matthew  Boynton,   Knight  and   Ba- 
in fecuring  Sir  '  ronet,  Sir  William  St.  Quintin,  Bart.  Sir  Richard 
John  Hot  bam     <  Darley,  Sir  John  Bourchier,  and  Sir  I 'Vi lit am  Al~ 
«nd  his  SOD.       t  lanfon,  Knights,  Lancelot  Rof>er?  Nicholas  Den* 
'man,    John  ^Barnard,    and  William   Popple •,  Al- 
'  dermen,  John  Penrofe,  Gent,  and   Robert  John- 
'  fan,  Clerk,  did    receive  Information    that   there 
'  was  a  Defign  for   the  betraying   the  Town  of 

*  Hull,  which,    in   their  Opinion,  could   not   be 
'  prevented  but  by  a  fpeedy  feizing  of  the  Block- 
'*  Houfes,  and  other  Places  of  Strength  in  the  Town, 
'  and  alfo  of  the  Perfons  of  Sir  John  Hotham,  Sir 

*  Edward  Rhodes,  and  Capt.  Hotham  :  And  where- 
'  as  accordingly  they,  with  others,  feized  on  the 

*  faid  Places  of  Strength,  for  the  Prefervatidn  of  the 

*  faid  Town,  and  alfo  the  Perfons  of  the  faid  Sir 
'  John  Hotham,  Sir  Edward  Rhodes,  and  Capt   Ho- 

*  lham,  and  the  Treafury,  Plate,  Trunks,  Writings, 

' 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       327 

*  and  other  Things  of  the  faid  Sir  John  Hotbam  andAn-  *9- 

*  Capt.  Hot/jam,  to  be  in  fafe  Cuftody  till  farther 
4  Directions  from  the  Parliament  : 

4  And  whereas  the  faid  Mayor  of  //«//,  Sir 
(  Matthew  Boyaton^  and  the  reft  of  the  Perfons 

*  firft  above-named,  did   iflue  out  their  Warrants 
'  and  Directions,  commanding  Captain  Scartb  to 
'  march  from  Scarbrougb  with  his  Soldiers,  Arms, 
4  and  Ammunition  he  had  there,  to  Beverley^  for 
«  the  Defence  of  that  Place,  and   of  the  Goods 
'  there  of  Confequence,  to  be  preferred  in  Beverley 

*  tili  further  Directions  from  the  Parliament : 

'  And  whereas  they  did  illue  out  their  Warrants 
4  and  Directions  to  divers  other  Captains  for  to 
4  march  with  their  Soldiers  from  Hull  to  Beverley , 
4  for  the  Defence  of  that  Place  : 

4  The  Lords  and  Commons  do  declare,   that  it 

*  was  an  acceptable  Service  to  the  Kingdom  and 
4  Parliament,  in  the  faid  Mayor  of  Hull,  Sir  Mat- 
4  thew  -Boynton,  and    the   reft   of  the    Gentlemen 
4  above-named,  and  all  that  others  have  done  here- 
4  in  ;  and  that  the  Lords  and  Commons  will  keep 
4  them,  and  all  others  that  have  aflitted  them  there- 
4  in,  indemnified  and  faved  harmlefs.' 

'July  ii.  A  Letter  to  the  Speaker,  from  the 
Lord-General,  was  read  to  the  Houfe  of  Lords, 
defining  to  have  500  Horfe  fcnt  him,  prefently,  to 
recruit  his  Army,  and  200  Horfe  a  Month  provided 
for  the  fame  Purpofe  ;  as  likewife  a  Magazine  of 
Saddles  and  Horfe- Arms.  Another  Letter  of  a 
later  Date,  from  the  General,  was  alfo  read  ;  which 
is  inserted }  at  Length,  in  the  Journals,  and  is  as 
follows : 

My  Lord, 

7  Would  now  have  given  you  the  true  Relation  0/rheEarl  rfEf- 
•*•  the  Skirmifl)  on  Sunday  /«/?,  between  fame  ofourfe^s  Letter,  fet- 
Herfe  and  the  Enemy's,  near  Buckingham  ;  but  Sir^  5?  *S 

i-jL-i-      c  i  i  s*  i    f**        i      •       /    •         tf  diflrefTrd  Condi- 

Philip  Stapykon  and  Col,  Goodwin  being  wen  «/>0»tionof  his  Army. 

the  Placet  L  refer  the  Relation  thereof  unto  them. 

Since 


328       ffle  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  Since  when,  being  informed  that  the  King  had  fent 
„,— "*—  i  more  Forces  to  Buckingham,  to  maintain  that  Placcy 
July"  bring  tbofe  Parts  into  Contribution,  and  give  us  Bat- 
tie  there  :  Hereupon  I  advanced  with  the  Army  to- 
wards that  Town  ;  where  the  Enemy  Jiaid  till  the 
Army  came  within  two  Miles  of  them,  and  then  made 
Hafle  away  towards  Banbury  ;  notwithjianding  they 
bad  perfuaded  the  People,  that  they  would  not  quit 
the  Place  till  they  had  beat  me  out  of  the  Country. 
1  then,  under/landing  that  they  were  fled,  held  it  not 
fit  to  go  to  the  Town  with  my  Army,  but  fent  Col. 
Middleton  with  fame  Horfe  to  clear  the  Town  and 
Coajf,  which  he  did ;  and  then  advifed  where  to 
quarter  with  moft  Convenience  to  our  Army,  and  mcft 
ready  for  the  Enemy,  the  Queen's  Forces  being  like 
to  join  with  them  very  fuddenly. 

That  our  Army  might  the  better  fecure  the  Parlia- 
ment and  the  City  of  London,  and  the  Counties  ad- 
jacent, and  be  more  fafely  fupplied  with  Money  from 
London,  and  lie  mojl  conveniently  to  join  with  the 
Forces  with  the  Lord  Grey,  in  Northamptonftiire, 
1  did  march  to  Great  Brickhill,  as  the  moft  fit  Place 
for  all  Purpofes. 

The  Enemy's  chief  Strength  being  in  Horfe,  and 
this  Army  neither  recruited  with  Horfes,  nor  Arms9 
nor  Saddles,  it  is  impojfible  to  keep  the  Country  from 
being  plundered ;  nor  to  fight  with  them,  but  when 
and  where  they  lift ;  we  being  forced,  when  we 
move,  to  march  with  the  whole  Army,  which  can  be 
but  by  Jlow  Marches  ;  fo  that  the  Country  fuffers 
much  Wrong)  and  the  Cries  of  the  poor  People  are 
infinite. 

If  it  were  thought  fit  to  fend  to  his  Majefty  to 
have  Peace,  with  the  jettling  of  Religion,  the  Laws 
and  Liberties  of  the  Subject,  and  bringing  to  juft 
Trial  tbofe  chief  Delinquents  that  have  brought  all 
thefe  Mifcbiefs  to  both  Kingdoms  ;  and  as  my  Lord 
of  Briftol a  fpake  in  Parliament,  how  we  may  be 
fecured  to  have  thefe  Things  performed  hereafter ;  or 
tlffy  if  bis  Majefy  Jhall  pleafe  to  abfcnt  aimfelf, 

there 

a  The  Earl  of  Sri/laPs  Speech  for  an  Accommodation,  h:re  re- 
ferred to,  is  at  large  in  our  Elevecth  Volume,  p.  58. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        329 

tbere  may  be  a  Day  fet  to  give  a  Period  to  all  thefeAn-  ^far> 

unhappy  Diflr actions  by  a  Battle,  (which,  when  and 

where,  they  fljall  chuff  wko  may  be  thought  any  way  ~~  i^ 

indifferent)  1  Jhall  be  ready  to  perform  that  Duty 

I  owe  to  you  ;  and  the  Proportions  to  be  agreed  upon, 

between  his  Majefty  and  the  Parliament,  may  be  fent 

to  fuch  an  indifferent  Place,  that  both  Armies  may 

be  drawn  near  the  one  to  the  other  ;  fo  that,  if  Peace 

be  not  concluded,  it  might  be  ended  with  the  Sword. 

No  Officer  of  the  Army  to  be  of  fuch  Committee)  nor 

no  Intercourfe  to  be  between  them. 

My  Lord,  I  am 

Btickhill  Magna, 

July  9,  1643.          Your  Lordfhip's  humble  Servant, 

ESSEX. 


Both  the  Houfes  agreed  to  fupply  the  Lord-Ge- 
neral, as  he  defired  j  all  the  Troops  then  raifed  in 
the  City  of  London,  except  thofe  for  the  immediate 
Defence  of  it,  were  ordered  to  march  forthwith  ; 
and  that  there  fhould  be  a  Courfe  to  fupply  him 
with  Horfe,  Arms,  and  Saddles.     There  was  Ne- 
ccffity  fufficient  for  a  general  Reinforcement  at  this 
Time,  the  King's  Troops  being  every  where  vi&o-The  great  Suc- 
rious ;  for,  befides  the  great  Vidory  in  the  North,^ftheKin-'s 
already  mentioned,    Sir  William  Waller  was  de-    rmj" 
feated  in  the  Weft  of  England^  by  the  Lord  Wil- 
Tnot^  Sir  Ralph  Hopton,  &c.  and  his  Army  totally 
ruined.     Prince  Rupert  had  alfo  taken  Briftol ;  fo 
that  the  King's  Affairs    were   now   in   the   moft 
fiourifhing    Condition    that   they   ever   had    been 
throughout  the  whole  War.  This  fome  Lords  were 
fo  fenfible  of,  that  a  Motion  was  made  for  petition--,, 
ing  the  King,  before  he  had  recalled  his  Proclama-.j-0ive  to  petiuo« 
tion,  wherein  he  exprefled  this  Parliament  to  be  nofor  Peace, 
free  Parliament ;  and  the  Queftion  being  put  there- 
upon, it  pafled  in  the  Affirmative.    This  Difpofition 
of  the  Lords  towards  an  Accommodation  was,  pro- 
bably, much  forwarded  by  the  King's  publiftiing 
the  following  Declaration,  addreffed  to  all  his  loving 

Subjects, 


330     5fi^  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  19.  Car.  I.  Subjects %  the  Day  after  he  received  Advice  of  the 
taking  of  Brijlol. 

(  A  s  the  Grievances  and  Lofles  of  no  particu- 
The  King's  De-'  XjL  ^ar  Perfons,  fmce  thefe  miferable  bloody  Di- 
claratipn,  after  <  {tempers  have  difquieted  this  poor  Kingdom,  can 

the  Notth^aid  '  be  comPared  to  lhe  Lofs  and  Damage  we  ourfelf 
Weft,  and  the  '  nave  fuftained,  there  having  been  no  Victory  ob- 
/.{  tained  but  in  the  Blood  of  our  own  Subjects,  nor 
'  no  Rapine  or  Violence  committed,  but  to  the 
4  Impoverifhment  and  Ruin  of  our  own  People  ; 
'  fo  a  blefled  and  happy  Peace  cannot  be  fo  accept - 

*  able  and   welcome  to  any  Man  as  to  us.     Al- 
4  mighty  God,  to   whom   all  the  Secrets  of  our 

*  Heart  are  open,  who  hath  fo  often  and  fo  mira- 

*  culoufly  preferved  us,  and  to  whofe  Power  alone 

*  we  muft  attribute  the  Goodnefs  of  our  prefent 
'  Condition,  how  unhappy  foever  it  is  with  refe- 

*  rence  to  the  Public  Calamities,  knows  with  what 
(  Unwillingnefs,  with  what  Anguifh   of  Soul,  we 

*  fubmitted  ourfelf  to  the  Neceflity  of  taking  up  de- 
'  fenfive  Arms.     And  the  World  knows  with  what 

'  Juftice  and  Bounty  we  have  repaired  our  Subjects,  • 
'  for  all  the  Preffures  and  Inconveniences  they  had 
"  borne,  by  fuch  excellent  Laws  as  would  for  ever 

*  have  prevented  the  like  ;  and  with  what  Earneft- 
'  nefs  and  Importunity  we  defired  to  add  any  Thing 
'  for  the  Eftablifoment  of  the  Religion,  Laws,  and 

*  Liberty  of  the  Kingdom.     How  all   thefe  have 

*  been   difturbed,   invaded,  and    almort   defhoyed, 
'  by  Faclion,  Sedition,  and  Treafon,  by  thofe  who 

*  have  neither  Reverence  to  God  nor  Affection  to 

*  Men,  but  have  facrificed  both  to  their  own  Ends. 

*  and  Ambition,  is  now  fo  evident,  that  we  hope, 

*  as  God  hath  wonderfully  manifefted  his  Care  of 
'  us,  and   his  Defence  of  his  and  our  moft  juft 
4  Caufe,  fo  he  hath  fo  far  touched  the  Hearts  of 

'  our 

a  Lord  Clarendon  informs  us,  '  That  the  Reafcn  of  the  King'i 
addrefling  this  Declaiation  to  the  whole  Kingdom,  and  not  to  the 
Parliament,  was,  left  he  might  feem  to  retract  the  foregoing  Procla- 
mation, wherein  he  had  declared  the  Proceedings  of  one  or  both 
Houfes  to  be  void,  by  reafon  of  the  Members  not  enjoying  their  juft 
freedom  and  Liberty. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         33  r 

*  our  People,  that  their  Eyes  are  at  laft  opened  to  An.  19.  Car.  r. 

<  fee  how  miferably  they  have  been  feduced,  and  to 
«  abhor  thofe  Per  Tons  whofe  Malice  and  Subtil  ty  had 

*  feduced  them  to  difhonour  hun,  to  rebel  againftus, 
'  and  to  bring  much  Mifery  and  Calamity  upon  their 

*  native  Country. 

'  We  well  remember  the  Proteftation  volunta- 

*  rily  made  by  us,  in  the  Head  of  that  fmall  Army 

*  we  were  Mafter  of  in  September  laft,  to  defend 

*  and  maintain  the  true  Reformed  Proteftant  Reli- 
'  gion :  And  if  it  ihould  pleafe  God,  by  his  BJef- 
'  ling  upon  that  Army,  to  preferve  us  from  this 

*  Rebellion,  that  we  would  maintain  the  juft  Pri- 

*  vileges  and  Freedom  of  Parliament,  and  govern 

*  by  the  known   Laws  of  the   Land  ;  for   whofe 
'  Defence,  in  Truth,   that  Army  was  only  raifed, 
'  and  hath  fince  been  kept  up.     And  there  cannot 

*  be  a  more  feafonable  Time  to  renew  that  Prote- 
'  ftation  than  now,  when  God  hath  vouchfafed  us 
c  fo  many  Victories  and  SuccelTes,  and  hath  render- 
'  ed  the  Power  of  thofe,  who  feek  to  deftroy  us,  lefs 
'  formidable  than  it  hath  been,  (fo  that  we  {halt 

<  probably  not  fall  under  the  fcandalous  Imputation, 
1  which  hath  ufually  attended  our  MefTaees  of  Peace, 

*  that  they  proceed  from  the  Weaknefs  of  our  Power, 
'  not  Love  of  our  People)  and  when  there  is  more 

*  Freedom  in  many  Counties,  for  our  good  Subjects 
'  to  receive  true  Information  of  their  own  and  our 

*  Condition  ;  the  Knowledge  whereof  hath  been, 

*  with  equal  Induftry  and  Injuftice,  kept  from  them, 

*  as  other  Acls  of  Cruelty  have  been  impofed  upon 
«  them. 

'  We  do  therefore  declare  to  all  the  World,  in 
c  the  Prefence  of  Almighty  God,  to  whom  we  muft 

*  give  a  ft ri6t  Account  of  all  our  Profeffions  and 
'  Proteftations,  That  we   are  fo  far  from  intend- 
*••  ing  any  Alteration  of  the  Religion  eftablimed,  (33 

*  hath  been  often  falfely,  fcandaloufly,  and  againft 
'  the  Confcience  of  the  Contrivers  themfelves  of 

<  that  Rumour,  fuggefted  to  our  People)  or  from 

*  the  leaft  Thought  of  invading  the  Liberty  and 

<  Property  of  the  Subject,  or  violating  the  juft  Pri- 


332      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  ig.  Car.  I. '  vileges  of  Parliament,    that  we  call    that  God 

t      l643'        «  to  witnefs,    who  hath  covered  our  Head  in  the 

jujyt  ~~*  \Day  of  Battle,    that  we  defire  from   our   Soul, 

*  and    {hall     always    ufe   our    utmoft    Endeavour, 

*  to  preferve  and  advance  the  true  Reformed  Pro- 

<  teftant  Religion,    eftablifhed    in  the  Church  of 

<  England,  in  which  we  were  born,  have  faithfully 
«  lived,  and,  by  the  Grace  of  God,  fhall  refolutely 
«  die  :    That  the  Prefervation  of  the  Liberty  and 
«  Property  of  the  Subject,  in  the  due  Obfervation 
c  of  the  known  Laws  of  the  Land,  (hall  be  equally 

*  our  Care,  as  the  Maintenance  of  our  own.  Rights ; 
'  we  defiring  to  govern  only  by  thofe  good  Laws, 

*  which,    till  they  were  opprelTed   by  this  odious 
c  Rebellion,    preferved   this   Nation  happy.     And 

<  we  do  acknowledge  the  juft  Privileges  of  Par- 

*  liament  to  be  an  eflential  Part  of  thofe  Laws, 
'  and  fhall,    therefore,  moft  folemnly  defend  and 
'  obferve  them  ;  fo  that,  in  Truth,  if  either  Reli- 
'  gion,  Law,  or  Liberty,  be  precious  to  our  People, 
'  they   will,  by  their  Submiflion  to  us,  join   with 

*  us  in  the  Defence  of  them,  and  thereby  eflablifh 

*  that  Peace,  by  which  only  they  can  flourifh  and 
'  be  enjoyed. 

'  Whether  thefe  Men  that  be  profefled  Enemies 

*  to  the  eftablifhed  Ecclefiaftical  Government ;  who 

*  reproach  and  perfecute  the  learned  Orthodox  Mi- 

*  nifters  of  the  Church,  and  into  their  Places  put 
'  ignorant,  feditious,    and  fchifmatical  Preachers ; 

<  who  vilify  the  Book  of  Common  Prayer,  and  im- 
«  pioufly  profane  God's  Worfhip  with  their  fcurrilou3 

*  and  feditious  Demeanor,  are  like  to  advance  that 

*  Religion  :  Whether  thofe  Men,  who  boldly,  and 
«  without  the  leaft  Shadow  or  Colour  of  Law,  im- 
«  pofe  infupportable  Taxes  and  odious  Excifes  upon 
•their  Fellow- Subjects,    imprifon,    torment,    and 

*  murder  them,  are  like  to  preferve  the  Liberty  and 
'  Property  of  the  Subject ;  and  whether  thofe  Men, 

*  who  feize  and  poflefs  themfelves  of  our  own  un- 

*  queftionable  Revenue,  and  our  juft  Rights ;  have 

*  denied  us  our  Negative  Voice  ;  have,  by  Force 
«  and  Violence,  awed  and  terrified  the  Members  of 

4  both 


Of    ENGLAND.       333 

e  both  Houfes  ;  and,  laftly,  have,  as  far  as  in  them  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
«  lies,  difloived  the  prefent  Parliament,  by  driving        1643- 

*  away  and  imprifoning  the  Members,  and  refolving 
'  the  whole  Power  thereof,  and  more,  into  a  Com- 
'  mittee  of  a  few  Men,  contrary  to  all  Law,  Cu- 
'  ftom,  or  Precedent,  are  like  to  vindicate  and  up- 
6  hold  the  Privileges  of  Parliament,  all  the  World 
'  may  judge. 

*  We  do  therefore,  once  more,  conjure  our  good 
c  Subjects,  by  their  Memory  of  that  excellent  Peace 

*  and  firm  Happinefs  with  which  it  pleafed  God  to 

*  reward  their  Duty  and  Loyalty  in  Time  paft  ;  by 

*  their  Oaths  of  Allegiance  and  Supremacy,  which 
'  no  Vow  or  Covenant,  contrived  and  adminiftred 
c  to  and  by  themfelves,  can  cancel  or  evade  ;  by 
'  whatfoever  is  dear  and  precious  to  them  in  this 
'  Life,  or  hoped  or  prayed  for  in  the  Life  to  come, 
'  that  they  will  remember  their.  Duty  and  confider 
'  their  Intereft  ;  and  no  longer  fuffer  themfelves  to 

*  be  mifled,    their  Prince  difhonoured,    and  their 

*  Country  wafted  and  undone,  by  the  Malice  and 
'  Cunning  of  thofe  State  Importers  ;  who,  under 
6  Pretence  of  Reformation,  would  introduce  what- 

*  foever  is  monftrous  and  unnatural  both  to  Religion 

*  and  Policy  :  But  that  they  rather  chufe  quietly  to 
'  enjoy  their  Religion,  Property,  and  Liberty,  found- 
'  ed  and  provided  for  by  the  Wifdom  and  Induftry  of 
'  former  Times  ;  and  fecured  and  enlarged  by  the 

*  Bleffings  upon  the  prefent  Age,  than  to  fpend  their 
'  Lives  and  Fortunes  to  purchafe  Confufion,  and  to 

*  make  themfelves  liable  to  the   moft  intolerable 

*  Kind  of  Slavery,  that  is,  to  be  Slaves  to  their 
'  Fellow- Subjects ;  who,  by  their  prodigious  un- 

*  -heard-of  Acts  of  Oppreflion  and  Tyranny,  have 

*  given  them  fufficient  Evidence  what  they  are  to 
s  expect  at  their  Hands. 

*  And  let  not  our  good  People,  who  have  been 
c  miiled,  or,  through  Want  of  Underftanding  or 
c  Want  of  Courage,  fubmitted  themfelves  to  un- 

*  warrantable  and  difloyal  Actions,  be  taught,  by 
'  thefe  Seducers,  that  their  Safety  now  confifts  in 
4  Defpatr;    and  that  tney  can  •only  fecure  them- 

«  felves 


334     Tb*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car,  I.*  felves,  for  the  Ills  they  have  done,  by  a  refclute 

l643-        «  and    peremptory  Disobedience.       Revenge    and 

^""iXr**^    '  Bloodthirftinefs  have  never  been  imputed  to  us* 

'  even  by  thofe  who  have  not  left  cither  our  Go- 

'  vernment  or  Nature  unexamined  with  the  greatei^ 

*  Boldnefs  and  Malice.     And  all  thofe  who,  fmce 
'  thefe  Bloody  Diftra&ions,  out  of  Confcience  have 

*  returned  from  their  evil  Ways  to  us,  have  found 
"  that  it  was  not  fo  eafy  for  them  to  repent  as  for 
'  us  to  forgive.     And  whofoever  have  been  mifled 
'  by  thofe  whofe  Hearts,  from  the  Beginning,  have 

*  defigned  all  this  Mifchief,  and  {hall  redeem  their 

*  paft  Crimes  by  their  prefent  Service  and  Loyalty, 
'  in  the  apprehending  or  op.pofmg  fuch  who  fhall 
c  continue  to  bear  Arms  againft  us,  and  fhall  ufe 

*  their  utmoft  Endeavours  to  reduce  thofe  Men  to 
'  their  due  Obedience,  and   to  reftore  this  King- 

*  dom  to  its  wonted   Peace,    (hall   have  Caufe  to 
'  magnify  our  Mercy,    and   to.  repent  the  Xref- 

*  pafles  committed  againft  fo  juft  and  fo  gracious  a 
'  Sovereign. 

'  Laftly,  we  defire  all  our  good  Subjects  who 
'  have  really  aflifted,  or  really  wifhed  us  well,  now 

*  God  hath  done   fuch  wonderful  Things    for  us, 

*  vigoroufly   to  endeavour  to    put  an   End   to  all 

*  thefe  Miferies,    by   bringing    in   Men,    Money, 

*  Plate,  Horfes,  or  Arms,  to  our  Aid  ;  that  fo  we, 
'  being  not  wanting  to  ourfelves,  may,  with  Conft- 

*  cence,  expect  the  Continuance  of  God's  Favour 

*  to  reftore  us  all  to  that  blefled  Harmony  of  Af- 
'  fe&ions,  which  may  eftablifh  a  firm  Peace  ;  wiih- 

*  out  the  fpeedy  obtaining  of  which,  this  poor  King- 
'  dom  will  be  utterly  undone,  though  not  abfoluteljr 
«  loft/ 

.  July  12.  At  the  Defire  of  the  Houfe  of  Corn- 
appointed' bo-  mons,  the  Lord  Fairfax  was  made  Governor  of  Huil9 
¥ernor  of  Hull,  inftead  of  the  ComraifHoners  before  named.  a 

Sir 

a  The  Preamble  to  this  Ordinance  runs  thus :  '  The  Lords  and 
'  Commons  afil-mblcd  in  Parliament,  upon  tlie  . -fluted  Confidence  and 
«  Tnift  which  they  have  and  do  repofe  in  the  Wil'dom,  Valour,  and 
'  Fidelity  of  the  Right  Hon.  FtrjfamfJt  Lord  Fairfax,  do  ordain, 
'  dcckie,  and  appoint,  &(, 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        33$ 

Sir  John  Hotbam  and  his  Son,  with  other  Prifon-  An.  19.  Car. I. 
ers  concerned  in  the  Defign  upon  that  Town,  were 
how  brought  up  to  London  ;  and,  this  Day,  a  Com- 
mittee  extraordinary  was  appointed  by  the  Com- 
mons, to  take  their  Examinations,  and  to  do  all 
other  Acts  that  might  tend  to  the  Difcovery  of  the 
•whole  Bufmefs,  and  all  the  Circumftances  of  it. 
Ordered,  alfo,  That  no  Member  of  that  Houfe, 
or  any  other  Perfon,  mould  vifit  Sir  John  or  his  Son, 
nor  fend  any  Meffages  to  them,  without  Leave  of 
the  Houfe. 

The  Lord  Grey  of  Werk  having  a  Poft  in  the 
Parliament's  Army,  as  Lieutenant-General  under 
the  Earl  of  EJ/ex^  his  Lordfhip  mewed  very  great 
lleluctancy  to  go  into  Scotland,  notwithstanding  the 
Lords  had  joined  the  Earl  of  Rutland  in  the  Com- 
miflion  with  him.      He  made  many  Excufes  to 
avoid  this  Embafly,  as  leaving  his  Charge,  which, 
at  this  Time,  the  Armies  being  fo  near  one  ano- 
ther, would  reflect  upon  his  Honour  :  He  defired 
alfo  that  he  might  be  excufed,  on  account  of  an 
ill  Difpofition  of  Body,  which  would  not  endure  a 
Sea  Voyage,  the  only  Way  the  Parliament  had  now 
to  fend  to  the  Scots  with   any  Safety.     But,  pro- 
bably,   it  might  proceed  from  his  Diflike  to  go  on 
fuch  an  Errand  as  inviting  a  foreign  Army  to  come 
and  invade  this  Kingdom  ;  which,  mould  the  King 
prevail,    might   put   him   paft  Hopes  of  Pardon. 
Whatever  it  was,  his  Lordihip,  this  Day,  (July  17) 
making  the  fame  Excufes  to  the  Lords,    he  was 
ordered  to  withdraw;    when  that  Houfe,    taking 
into  Confideration  the  whole  Progrefs  of  this  Bu- 
finefs, '  and    that,    upon   his   Submiffion   to   their 
Pleafure,   they  had  appointed   a   peremptory  Day 
for  his  going,  and  had  alfo  acquainted  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  therewith,  the  Lords  therefore  infifted  on 
their  Order,  that  he  fhould  go  ;  and  the  Earls  of 
Pembroke,  Denbigh^  and  Bolingbroke,  were  fent  out 
to  acquaint  him  with  it. 

Soon  after  the  faid  Earls  returned  with  this  An- 
fwcr,  That  the  Lord  Grey  fubmitted  to  go,  if  the 

Houfe 


336       'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY" 

An.  19.  Car.  I-Houfe  did  command  him  ;  but  defired  them  to  pre-* 
fent  to  their  Lordfhips  two  Petitions  : 

*•  That  ne  might  enjoy  his  Place  of  Command 
in  the  Army. 

2.  That  when  he  had  been  in  Scotland  a  while, 
and  fettled  Affairs  in  fome  Forwardnefs,  if  he  found 
his  Health  fo  ill  that  he  could  not  ftay  there  with- 
out Prejudice  to  himfelf  and  the  Service,  that,  upon 
his  humble  Suit  and  Information  thereof  to  the  Houfe, 
he  might  be  permitted  to  return  home. 

Lord  Grey  of  But  tne  Lords  not  thinking  it  fit  to  have  any  Con- 
Werk  committed  ditions  put  upon  them,  ordered  the  Lord  Grey  to  be 
to  the  Tower,  callec|  jn  again,  and  the  Speaker  to  demand  his  pofi- 

tsc,  for  refilling  •         *     r  TT        L         /•  -j      rr  LI 

to  go  to  invitetlve  Anfwer  :  He  then  laid.  He  was  not  able  to  go 
«Le  Scott  Army,  on  account  of  his  Health.  Hereupon,  that  Houfe 
taking  this  for  an  abfolute  Denial  of  their  Commands, 
and  confidering  his  former  Anfwer,  in  order  to  vin- 
dicate the  Honour  of  their  Houfe  by  fome  exem- 
plary Punifhment,  refolved,  That  the  Lord  Grey^  for 
his  Difobedience,  fhould  forthwith  be  fent  Prifoner 
to  the  Tower.  And,  the  next  Day,  his  Commiflion  in 
the  Army  was  alfo  taken  from  him  ;  tho',  very  foon 
after,  he  was  releafed  from  his  Imprifonment,  with- 
out any  Petition,  but  not  reilored  to  his  Command  in 
the  Army. 

'July  19.  The  following  Petition  was  prefented 
to  the  Lords,  from  the  Aflembly  of  Divines  fitting 
at 


To  the  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  and  COMMONS 
aflembled  in  Parliament, 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  divers  MINISTERS  of 
CHRIST,  in  the  Name  of  themfelves  and  of  fundry 
others, 

Humbly  fheweth, 
Petition  from  thejy*//^  f  your  Petitioners,  upon  ferious  Confidera- 

~     '*'**»  and  deeP  Senfe  °f  God's  heavy  lj/rath  ly*ns 

on  us,  and  hanging  over  our  Heads  and  the  whole  Na- 
tion ^  and  manifefted  particularly  by  the  two  late  fad 
and  uncxpefted  Defeats  of  our  Forces  in,  the  North  and 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       337 

in  the  Weft ',  do  apprehend  it  to  be  our  Duty,  as  An,  19.  Car.  I, 
Watchmen  for  the  Good  of  the  Church  and  Kingdom,  to 
prefent  to  your  religious  and  prudent  Confederation 
thefe  enfuing  Requejls,  in  the  Name  of  Jefus  Chrift, 
your  Lord  and  ours : 

Firft,  That  you  would  be  pleafed  to  command  a 
public  and  extraordinary  Day  of  Humiliation,  this 
Week,  throughout  the  Cities  of  London,  Weftmin- 
iter,  the  Suburbs  of  both,  and  Places  adjacent  with" 
in  the  weekly  Bills  of  Mortality,  that  every  one  may 
bitterly  bewail  his  own  Sins,  and  cry  mightily  unto 
God)  for  Chrift'j  Sake,  to  remove  his  Wrath,  and 
to  heal  the  Land ;  with  profej/ed  and  renewed  Refo- 
lutions  of  more  full  Performance  of  the  late  Covenant^ 
for  the  Amendment  of  our  Ways. 

Secondly,  That  you  would  vouchfafe  inftantly  to 
take  it  into  your  moft  ferious  Confederation,  hoiv  you 
may  moft  fpeedily  fet  up  Chrift  more  glorioujly  in  all 
his  Ordinances  within  this  Kingdom,  and  reform  all 
Things  amifs  throughout  the  Land,  wherein  God  is 
more  fpecially  and  more  immediately  dijhonoured : 
Among  which  we  humbly  lay  before  you  thefe  Par- 
ticulars ; 

1 .  That  the  brutijh  Ignorance  and  palpable  Darknefs 
pej/ejjing  the  greatejl  Part  of  the  People  in  all  Places 
of  the  Kingdom,  whereby  they  are   utterly  unfit  to 
wait  upon  God  in  any  holy  Duty,  (to  the  great  Dif- 
honour  of  the  Gofpel,  and  the  everlafting  Endangering 
of  their  poor  Souls)  may  be  remedied  by  afpeedy  and 

Jiritt  Charge  to  all  Minijlsrs,  conjlantly  to  catechize 
all  the  Youth  and  ignorant  People,  they  being  com- 
manded to  be  fubjett  to  it,  and  all  Sorts  to  be  prefent 
at  it ;  and  Information  to  be  given  of  all  Perfons  who 
jhall  withjland  or  neglecJ  it. 

2.  Tliat  the  grievous  and  heinous  Pollution  of  the 
Lord's  Supper,  by  thofe  that  are  grojly  ignorant  and 
notorionjly  profane,  may  be  henceforth,  with  all  Cbri- 

Jlian  Care  and  due  CircumfpecJion,  prevented. 

3.  That  the  bold  venting  of  corrupt  Do  Urines,  di- 
rettly  contrary  to  the  facred  Law  of  God,  and  reli- 
gious Humiliation  for  Sin,  which  open  a  wide  Door 
to  all  Libertinifm  and  Difobediencs  to  God  and  Man, 

VOL.  XII,  Y  may 


38     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  1.  may  be  fpeedily  fupprejftd  every  where ,  and  that  in 
fuck  Manner  as  may  give  Hope  that  the  Church  may 
be  no  more  infected  with  them. 

4.  That  the  Profanation  of  any  Part  of  the  Lcrd'j 
Day,  and  the  Days  of  folemn  Fajling,  by  buying,  fell- 
ing, working^  Jporting,  travelling,  or  neglefting  of 
God's   Ordinances,    may  be  remedied,  by  appointing 
facial  Officers  in  every  Place,  for  the  due  Execution 
of  all  good  Laws  and  Ordinances  againjl  the  fame. 

5.  That  there  may  be  a  thorough  and  fpeedy  Pro- 
ceeding againft  blind  Guides  and  fcandalous  Minijlers^ 
by  whofe  Wickednefs  People  either  lack  or  loath  the 
Ordinances  of  the  Lord,  and  Thoufands  of  Souls  pe~ 
rijh  j  and  the  Removal  of  the  Ark  from  among  us  /V, 
to  the  trembling  of  our  Hearts,  evidently  threatened  : 
And  that  your  Irifdoms  would  find  cut  fume  Way  to 
admit  into  the  Minijlry  fuch  godly  and  hopeful  Men 
as  have  prepared  ihemfelves  and  are  willing  thereunto  ; 
without  which  there  will  fuddenly  be  fuch  a  Scarcity 
cf  able  and  faithful  Minijhrs,  that  it  will  be  to  little 
Purpofe  to  cajl  out  fuch  as  are  unable,  idle,  cr  fcan- 
dalous. 

6.  Tfjat  the  Laws  may  be  quickened  again/I  Swear- 
ing  and  Drunkennefs,  with  which  the  Land  is  filled 
and  defiled,  and  under  which  it  mourneth. 

7.  That  fame  fey  ere  Courfe  may  be  taken  againjl 
Fornication,  Adultery,  and  Inceft,  which  do  greatly 
abound,  efpecially  of  late,  by  reafon  of  Impunity. 

8.  That  all  Monuments  of  Idolatry  and  SuperJIi- 
iion,  but  more  efpecially  the  whole  Body  and  Praftice 
cf  Popery,  may  be  totally  abolijhed. 

9.  That  'Jujlice  may  be  executed  on  all  Delinquents-, 
according  to  your  folemn  and  religious  Vow  and  Prote- 

Jlation  to  that  Purpofe. 

10.  That  all  pojjible  Means  may  be  ufed  for  the 
fpeedy  Relief  and  Releafe  of  our  miferable  and  ex- 
tremely diftrejfed  Brethren,    who   are  Prifoners  in 
Oxford,'  York,  and  elfewhere,   whofe   heavy   Suf- 
ferings cry  loud  in  the  Ears  of  our  God;  and  it 
would,  lie    very    heavy   upsn   the   Kingdom,  Jhould 
they  mifcarry,  fuffering  as  they  do  for  the  Caufe  of 
Cod.    J 

That 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      339 

That  fa  God,  who  is  now,  by  the  Sword,  avengingAn.  19.  Car,  I. 
the  Quarrel  of  his  Covenant,  beholding  your  Integrity 
and  Zeal,  may  turn  from  the  Fiercenefs  of  his  Wrath, 
hear  our  Prayers,  go  forth  with  our  Armies,  perfect        JUiy* 
the  Work  of  Reformation,  forgive  our  Sins,  and  fettle 
Truth  and  Peace  throughout  the  Kingdom. 

And  the  Petitioners  {hall  ever  pray,  &c. 

This  Petition  was  figned  by  forty-feven  of  the 
Aflembly;  and,  in  Anfwer  to  it,  the  Lords  ap- 
pointed the  next  Friday  for  a  folemn  Day  of  Humi- 
liation ;  and  for  the. reft  they  would  take  the  fame 
into  Confideration.  The  Order  for  the  Faft  was 
in  thefe  Words : 

*  T  I^HE  Lords  and  Commons  in  Parliament,  outAFaftorderedotj 
'     X      °f  tne  ^eeP  Senfe  of  God's  heavy  Wrath acc?unt  of  tlje 

«  now  upon  the  Kingdom,  and  more  particularlv£l£at  HjJi*. 

•r  n     1  i        i       i          r^-r         r  r    .       T-<  *  arliament  s  ArJ 

*  manireited  by  the  late  Difcomhture  of  the  Forcesmy  in  the" 

*  both  in  the  North  and  in  the  Weft,  have,  for  and  Weft. 
'  themfelves,  refolved  to  fet  apart  and  keep,  and  do 

*  ordaip  and  command,  That  Friday  the  21  ft  of  this 

*  prefent  July,  1643,  be  fet  apart  and  kept  as  a  Day 

*  of  public  and  extraordinary  Humiliation,  by  Prayer 

*  and  Fafting,  throughout  the  Cities  of  London  and 
1  JVeJiminJler,   and   Suburbs,  &c.    that  every  Soul 
'  may  bitterly  bewail  his  own  Sins,  and  the  Sins  of 

*  the  whole  Nation  ;  and  cry  mightily  to  God,  for 

*  ChrijFs  Sake,  That  he  would  be  pleafed  to  turn 
'  from  us  the  Fiercenefs  of  his  Wrath,  and  heal  the 
«  Land.' 

This  Order  was  fent  to  the  Lord  Mayor,  &c. 
with  a  ftricl  Command  to  fee  the  due  Execution 
of  it. 

The  fame  Day  a  Medage  from  the  Lords  was 
fent  down  to  the  Commons,  importing,  That  fmce, 
by  the  Earl  of  Rutland's  Indifpofition  of  Health,  he 
cannot  go  as  their  Commiilioner  into  Scotland  fo 
fpeedily  as  the  Bufmefs  requires,  and  that  the  Lord 
Grey  is  imprifoned  for  Contempt)  they  would  thirjc 
Y  2  of 


34-O       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  of  another  Lord  to  be  fent  in  his  Stead  :  But,  left 
the  Affair  fhould  fuffer  by  further  Delay,  the  Lords 
defired  that  the  Commons  would  fend  their  Com- 
miffioners away  prefently ;  and  the  other  fliould  fol- 
low with  all  convenient  Speed. 
Commiffioners        About  the  fame  Time  the  Commons  fent  up  Co- 
appointed  to^go  pies  of  credential  Letters  for  their  Commifiioners, 
into  Scotland,     directed  to  the  Lord -Chancellor  of  Scotland  and  the 
Council  cf  State  there,  and  another  to  the  Earl  of 
Leven,  inviting  him  to  take  the  Command  of  the 
Army  which  the  Scots  (hould  fend  into  England,  as 
having  been  the  Scots  General  againft  the  Rebels  in 
Ireland :  Alluring  him,  That  it  would  lay  upon  this 
State  and  them  fuch  an  Obligation,  as  they  {hould 
ftudy  to  anfwer  in  a  Manner  proportionable,  &c. 
Along  with  the  former  was  fent,  by  the  Commif- 
fioners, a  Declaration  of  the  Lords  and  Commons 
in  England  to  the  General  Aflembly  of  the  Church 
of  Scotland,  recommending  their  Commiffioners  to 
them  ;  as  alfo  Mr.  Stephen  Marjhall  and  Mr.  Philip 
Nyet  both  Minifters  of  God's  Word,  and  Men  of 
approved  Faithfulnefs  and  Abilities  in  their  Func- 
tions.    Alfo  a  Declaration  of  the  Lords  and  Com- 
mons in  England  to  the  Kingdom   and  States  of 
Scotland:  Both  which  laft,  being  printed  at  Length 
in  Rujhworth,  are  unnecefiary  here.    We  (hall  only 
fubjoin  the  Parliament's  particular  InftrucYions  to 
their  Commiflioncrs,    as  they  ftand  in  the  Lords' 
Journals  j  thefe  not  being  printed  in  the  Collec- 
tions. 

INSTRUCTIONS,  agreed  upon  by  the  LORDS  and 
COMMONS  in  PARLIAMENT,  for  John  Earl  of 
Rutland,  Sir  William  Armyn,  Bart.  Sir  Henry 
Vane,  /«;;.  Knight,  Thomas  Hatcher  and  Henry 
Darley,  Efquires,  appointed  CcmmiJJioncrs  to  the 
Kingdom  of  Scotland. 

TheParlu-       I.  <  \7*OU  fliall  forthwith  repair  to  the  King- 
'  «  dom  of  Scotland,  either  to  Edinburgh  or 


(•ions  to  them. 


herP 


'  other  Parts,  as  you  fee  Caufe3  and  you  fhall  make 

*  your 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         341 

e  yout  AddrefTcs  to  the  Parliament,  or  any  deputed  byAn<  f     Car  r 

*  them;  to  the  Airembly  of  the  States,  or  any  Com-        1643. 

'  miffioners  appointed  by  them  ;  the  General  Aflem-    u— v—*J 
'  bly  of  the  Church,  or  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Ge-        July« 

*  neral  AiTembly  ;  -the  Lords  of  the  Secret  Council, 
4  Commiflioners  for  Confervation  of  the  Peace  of  the 
1  Kingdom,  the  CommifHoners  of  Common  Bur- 
'  dens,  and  fuch  others  as  (hall  have  Power  and  Au- 
'  thority  to  treat  with  you,  upon  fuch  Matters  as  you 
'  have  received  or  fiiall  receive  in  Charge,  and  to 
'  negotiate  in  that  Kingdom  as  Commifiioners  of 
'  and  from  the  Parliament  of  England. 

II.  «  You  {hall  take  all  fit  Ways  and  Oppor- 
c  tunities  to  make  known  to  the  State  and  Nation 
c  of  Scotland  the   great    Miferies,  Calamities,  and 

*  Dangers,  brought  upon  this  Church  and  Kingdom 
'  by  the  Faction  of  Papifts  and  Prelates,  and  their 
'  Adherents ;   whereby  we   are   difabled,    for   the 
'  prefent,  to  make  Payment  of  thofe  great  Debts 
'  which  are  owing  to  them  for  the  Remainder  of  the 

*  Brotherly- Afliitance  Money,  and  the  Arrear  of  their 
e  Army  in  Ireland. 

III.  «  You  (hall  take  Care  of  ftating  and  fettling 
c  all  Accounts,  Debts,  and  Demands,  betwixt  the 
'  two  Nations  of  England  and  Scotland;  and,  the 
'  fame  being  reduced  to  a  Certainty,  you  {hall  treat 
'  and  compound  for  the  Time  and  Manner  of  Sa- 
c  tisfacYion  for  the   faid  Debts,  in  fuch   Maner  as 

*  {hall  iland   with  Juftice  and   the  Conveniency  of 

*  both  Kingdoms. 

IV.  '  As  touching  the  Remainder  of  the  Brotherly- 

*  Ailiftancc  Money  ;    it  is  conceived  moft  juft  and 
'  reafonable  (  becauie  the  War  upon  the  Subjects 
4  and  People  of  Scotland^  begun  and  profecuted  in 
'  the  Years  1640  and  1641,  was  procured  by  the 
'  Faction  of  Papifts,  Prelates,  and  their  Adherents, 
'  which  was  the  Caufe  of  the  coming  of  the  Scots 

*  into  this  Kingdom,  and  of  the  Engagement  there- 
'  upon  made  for  their  Satisfaction)   that  fufficient 

*  Lands  of  Papifts,  Prelates,  and  other  Malignants 
4  ss  have  adhered  to  them,  {hall,  by  the  Direction 

Y  3  « and 


342     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  l.e  and  Appointment  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament, 

1643.        «  be   fet  forth,    out  of  which  Recompence   fhafl 

^""""y"— '    '  be   made  for   the   Forbearance  of  that  Money, 

^  '          '  untill  fuch  Time  as  Satisfaction  {hall  be  given 

*  for  the   Difcharge  of  all  the  faid   Debts,    with 
'  the  Intereft  and  Confederation  for  the  Forbearance 
«  thereof. 

V.  '  As  for  the  Arrears  due  to  the  Scots  Army 

*  in  Ireland;   it   being   impoffible   for   this   State, 
'  by  reafon  of  the  manifold  Troubles  and  Burdens 
'  which  lie  upon   it,    to  make  prefent  Payment, 
'  it  is  defired,  That  our  Brethren  of  Scotland  think 

*  upon  fome  other  Way  how  we  may  give  Satis- 
'  faction,  either  in  the  confifcated  Lands  in  Ireland 

*  by  Way  of  Adventure,  according  to  the  Rates 
'  and  Proportions  at  which  they  are  to  be  deliver- 
'  ed  to  the  Englijh  Adventurers  ;  or  elfe  by  In- 
'  ftalment,    at  four  equal  Payments,    within  two 
'  Years  after  the  Peace  of  this  Kingdom  fhall  be 

*  fettled  j  or  elfe  in  Provifion  in  Victuals  and  Ap- 
c  parel,    to   be  delivered   at  reafonable  Rates   in 
'  Scotland,  or  any  other  Place  ;  or  any  other  Way 
'  within  the  Power  of  the  two  Houfes  :  It  being 
«  our  earned  Defire  to  give  our  Brethren  full  Gon- 
'  tentment  herein,  fo  far  as  God  (hall  enable  us 

*  thereunto. 

VI.  «  You  fhall,  according  to  the  precedent  Ar- 
'  tides,  treat  and  conclude  for  the  Difcharge  of 

*  both  the  Debts   afore- mentioned  ;    that   is,    the 
(  Remainder   of  the   Brotherly-Afliftance   Money 
c  and  the  Arrear  of  the  Army  in  Ireland,  and  fuch 
'  further  Payments  as  (hall  grow  due,  untill  they 

*  fhall  be  difmifTed,  in  any  of  thefe  Ways  as  fhall 
'  be  agreeable  to  our  Brethren  :  And  you  fhall  re- 

*  ceive  any  further  or  other  Proportions  from  them 
'  concerning  the  fame  ;  and  fuch  Proportions  cer- 

*  tify  to  the  Lords  and  Commons  in  Parliament, 

*  that  fo  you  may  receive  further  Directions  there- 

*  in. 

VII.    «  You    (hall,    with    the    like    Plainnefs 
'  and  Truth,    make    known    to    our  Brethren  of 

*  Scotland ,  that  we  are,  by  thefe  Troubles,  made 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         343 

altogether  unable  to  continue  the  Charge  of  the  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
Army  in  Ireland ;  therefore,  left  it  fhould  become         l643- 
too   great  a  Burden  to  them   in  our  Difability    *— - -v— — * 
of  Payment,    we  defire  the  faid  Army  may  be        ^  y* 
difmiffed  in  fome  Ihort  Time  ;    only  fuch  Gar- 
rifons  to  be  kept  on  Foot,  as  our  Brethren  (hall 
think  fit  to  fetain  for  the  Guard  of  Carrickfergus 
and  Colerainet  according  to  the  Treaty  in  that      \ 
Behalf. 

VIIL  '  You  fhall  mediate  and  conclude  an 
Eftablifhment  of  the  fame  Garrifons,  both  for 
the  Number  of  Men  (not  exceeding  2000)  and 
their  Allowances,  which  the  two  Houfes  will 
undertake  to  difcharge  accordingly  in  Money 
or  Provifions,  at  reafonable  Rates,  to  be  agreed 
upon. 

IX.  *  You   fhall    put   our   Brethren   in   Mind, 
That  the  Popifti  and   Prelattcal  Fadion,  which 
begun  with  them  in  the  Year  1640  and   1641, 
and   intended    to  make  Way  for  our  Ruin    by 
theirs,  and  fo  to  have  corrupted  and  altered  Re- 
ligion in  the  whole  Ifland,  have  not  diminifhed 
in  any  Part  of  their  Malice  towards  them,  or  at 
all  departed   from  their  Defign ;  but  only  varied 
in  the  Manner  of  their  Proceeding ;  conceiving 
that  they  have  an  eafy  Way  to  deftroy  them, 
if  they  may  firft  prevail  over  us  :  And  thereupon 
you  fhall  ufe  your  utmoft  Endeavour  to  perfuade 
and  excite  our  Brethren  to  join  with  us  in  the 
Common  Caufe,  not  only  of  the  two  Kingdoms, 
but  of  all  the  ProfefTors  of  the  Proteftant  Re- 
ligion^   for   the  total  and   univerfal   Suppreflion 
whereof  they  may  difcern  that  the  Pope  and  hia. 
Faction,  in  feveral  Factions,  are  ftrongly  com- 
bined. 

X.  *  You  fhall  defire,  therefore,  That  both  Na- 
tions may  be  ftraitly  united  and  tied  for  our  mu- 
tual Defence   againft  the  Papifts  and   Prelatical 
Faction,    and    their  Adherents,  in   both    King- 
doms ;  and   not   lay  down   Arms  till  they  (hall 
be  difarmed,  and  fiibjecled  to  the  Authority  and 

«  Juftics 


344       Tb*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  1.*  Juftice  of  Parliament  in  both  Kingdoms  refpectivC" 

1643.        4  jy  .  por  tne  effecting  whereof,  we  defire  our  Brc- 

*~~yf^    *  thren  of  Scotland  to  raife  an  Army  of  10,000  Foot 

'  and  1000  Horfc,  or  more,  to  be  forthwith'  fent 

'  againft  the  Papifts,  Prelatical  Faction,  and  Ma- 

'  lignants  ;  the  fame  to  be  commanded  by  the  Earl 

'  of  Leven^  or  fuch  other  General  as  (hall  be  ap- 

'  pointed  by  the  States  of  Scotland,  according  to  the 

*  Orders  and  Directions  of  both  Houfes  of  Parlia- 

*  ment ;  and  to  be  paid,  according  to  fuch  an  Efta- 
'  blifhment  as  fhall  be  agreed  on,  out  of  fuch  Re- 

*  venues  of  Papifts,  Malignants,  and  o'ther  Delin- 

*  quents,  as  fhall  be  afligned  for  that  Purpofe  by  the 

*  two  Houfes  of  Parliament. 

;vx  "  XI.  «  You  (hall  take  Care  that  the  City  of  Car- 

*  life  and  the  Town  of  Berwick,  whenfoever  they 

*  fhall  be  fecured  from  the  Papifts  and  Malignants, 
'  be  delivered  over  unto  the  Hands  of  fuch  Perfons 
'  and  Garrifons  as  (hall  be  appointed  by  the  two 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament  to  receive  and  defend  the 

*  fame. 

XII.  (  For  the  Charge  in  raifing  and  arming  thofe 

*  Men ;  we  fhall  give  our  Brethren  Satisfaction  as 
'  fpeedily  as   may    be  ;  and  if  the  Reafon  of  the 
«  War  require  that  thofe  Forces,  or  any  Part  thereof, 
'  be  employed  on  this  Side  Tees,  or  that  it  fhall 
'  be  fo   defired    and    directed   by   the   Lords   and 
e  Commons  in  Parliament,  they  are,  in  fuch  Cafe, 
c  to  be  fubject  to  the  Order  and  Command  of  his 
c  Excellency  the  Earl  of  EJJexy  or  fuch  other  as  fhall 

*  be  appointed  Lord -General  by  the  two  Houfes  of 

*  Parliament. 

XIII.  '  You  fhall  aflure  our  Brethren  of  Scot- 

*  land)    That,    if  they  fhall   be  annoyed    or  en- 
4  dangered  by  any  Force  or  Army,  either  from  En- 
'  gland  or  any  other  Place,  the  Lords  and  Commons 
'  of  England  will  aflift  them  with  a  proportionable 
'  Army  of  ic,cco  Foot  and  icoo  Horfe,  or  more, 
'  to  be  fent  into  Scotland  for  their  Defence,  under 

*  fuch  Order  and  Directions  as  fhall  be  thought  fit 

*  by  the  Parliament  or  State  of  Scotland;  and  if 

'  any 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       345 

c  any  Invafion  of  the  Irijb  Rebels,  or  other  Ene-  An.  19.  Car.  I. 

*  mies,    fhall   happen  during   fuch  Time  as  their 

4  Army  fhall    be   employed    for   the   Defence   of      """ 
4  this  Kingdom,    you  fhall    agree  with  them  for 

*  a  Guard  of  Ships  to  be  maintained  by  us  upon  that 
4  Coaft. 

XIV.  4  And,  that  the  mutual  Intereft  and  Dan- 
4  gers  of  both  Kingdoms  may  be   defended    and 
«  preferred  by  both,    yo.u  fhall,  on  the  Behalf  of 

*  the  Lords  and  Commons  of  England,   contract 

*  and  agree  with  the  Kingdom  and  States  of  Scot- 
4  land,    that  no  Pacification,    or  Agreement  for. 
4  Peace,  fhall  be  concluded,  by  the  two  Houfes 
4  of  Parliament,    without   fufficient   Caution   and 
4  Provillon  for  the  Security,  Peace,  and  Safety,  of 
4  that  Kingdom  ;  the  Indemnity  of  all  Perfons  and 
4  States  for  and  concerning  the  Aid  and  Afliftance, 
4  which  fhall  be  given  to  this  Parliament  and  King- 
4  dom,  for  the  Suppreffion  of  the  Popifh  and  ill-af- 
4  fedted  Party  among  them  ;  the  fafe  and  peaceable 
4  Return  of  their  Forces  fent  hither,  and  the  real 
4  Performance  of  all  Articles   agreed  upon  with, 
4  them. 

XV.  c  You  fhall   receive  the  Public  Faith  of 
4  that  Kingdom,  that  neither  their  Entrance  into, 
4  nor  Continuance  in,    this   Kingdom,    in  Arms, 
4  fhall  be  made  ufe  of  to  the  Prejudice  of  the  Rights 
4  and  Prerogatives  of  the  Crown  of  England,  nor 
4  of  the  Liberties  and  Privileges  of  the  Subjects  ; 
4  but  that  all  Matters  concerning  the  fame  be  de- 
4  termined  by  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament ;  and 
4  that  as  our  Brethren  fhall  be  pleafed  to  come  in  to 
4  help  us,  at  our  Requeft,  fo  their  Forces  fhall  be 
4  always  ready  to  depart  this  Kingdom  whenfoeVer 
4  they  fhall,  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  be  there- 
4  unto  defircd. 

XVI.  4  You  fhall  further  confider,    with  our 
4  Brethren  of  Scotland,  what  other  Articles, or  Pro- 
4  petitions  may  be  fit  to  be  added  and  concluded  ; 
4  whereby  the  Affiftance  and  Union  betwixt  the  two 
'  Kations  may  be  made  more  beneficial,  and  effec- 
tual 


346      jfik  Parliamentary  HISTORY* 

An.  19.  Car.  I.<  tual  for  the  Security  and  Defence  of  Religion  and 

t     l643'        '  Liberty  in  both  Kingdoms  :  And  you  {hall  cer- 

July.  ~*  f  tlfy  all  fuch  Propofuions  to  the  two  Houfes  of 

'  Parliament,  and  thereupon  proceed  to  a  Conclu- 

«  fion,  as  you  {hall  receive  further  Direction  from 

«  them. 

5  You  are,  together  with  10,000  Foot  and  1000 
c  Horfe,  or  more,  defired  of  our  Brethren  of  Scot- 

*  land  for  our  Afliftance,  to  confider,  agree,  and 
6  conclude  with  them  concerning  a  fitting  Train  of 

*  Artillery  to  accompany  the  fame. 

*  You  are  to  reprefent  to  our  Brethren  of  Scot- 
e  land  the  Deflre  of  both  Houfes,  that  the  Earl  of 

*  Antrim  may  be  examined  with  reference  to  the 

*  Affairs  of  this  Kingdom,  upon  fuch  Interrogatories 

*  as  {hall  be,  by  you,  framed  and  propounded  in 

*  that  Behalf,  or  fuch  as  {hall  be  hereafter  appointed 
'  by  both  Houfes  ;   which  Examinations  you  are 

*  to  return  unto  the  Houfes  with  all  convenient 
«  Speed. 

'  You  are  to  profecute  the  InftrucYions  formerly 

*  given,  by  the  two  Houfes,  unto  Michael  JVelden 

*  and  John  Corbet,    Efquires,    concerning  the  fix 

*  Earls   of  Scotland  voted   Incendiaries    by   both 
6  Houfes  a. 

'  And  whereas,  by  A£t  of  Parliament  in  both 
c  Kingdoms,  concerning  the  Treaty  of  Peace  be- 

*  tween  the  two  Nations,  two  Commiflions,  the 

*  one  for  conferving  of  Peace,  and  the  other  for 

*  Trade,  are  directed  and  appointed  ;  which  Com- 

*  miffions  are  parted  and  confented   to  by  the  two 
'  Houfes  of  Parliament ;  you  are  therefore,  accord- 
'  ing  to  the  faid  Commiflions,  and   in,  the  Capa- 
*•  city  of  Commiflioners  in  that  Behalf,  to  treat  and 

*  advife  of  all  fuch  Matters  as,  by  the  faid   Act  of 
'  Parliament,  is  appointed  ;  and  to  carry  with  you 
e  authentic  Copies  of  the  fame,  and  them  to  deliver 
'  to  the  Commiffioners  for  conferving  of  Peace,  aa 
'  you  {hall  fee  Cauie. 

*  You 

a  The  Earls  of  Roxburgh,    Jtftrten,  dtsnar.d*!:,   Kir.nsul,  Carn~ 
<U>atb,  and  Lar.tr k. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         347 

e  You  are  to  reprefent  to  the  General  Affembly  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
c  of  Scotland,  or  to  the  Commiffioners  appointed  by 
4  them,  the  Care  and  Endeavours  of  both  Houfes 

*  for  a  perfect  Reformation  in  this  Church,   and 
'  the  happy  Progrefs  made  by  them  therein ;  for 

*  the  better  accompliftiing  whereof  they  have  called 
'  an  Affembly  of  Godly  and  Learned  Divines,  who 

*  are  now  fitting  ;  and  that,  by  reafon  of  the  Pre- 

*  valency  of  the  Papifts,    Prelatical  Faction,   and 

*  other  Malignant  Enemies  to  this  fo-much-defired 

*  Reformation,  now  in  Arms   againft  the  Parlia- 

*  ment,  thefe  good  Beginnings  are  like  to  receive 
'  Interruption,  if  they  be  not  utterly  difappointed  : 
'  And  therefore  you  are  not  only  to  defire  Afliftance 

*  of  that  Reverend  and  Godly  Aflembly,  for  the 

*  carrying  on  this  Work  with  their  Prayers,  but 

*  alfo  by  fuch  feafonable  and  effectual  Means,  as 
c  to  them  fhall  feem  meet ;  and  you  are  to  co-ope- 
'  rate  with   the  States  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scot- 
'  land,    for  the  effecting   of  the  Defires  of  both 
c  Houfes  in  the  neceffary  Supplies  and  Aid  now 
'  defired  of  our  Brethren. 

'  You  are  alfo,  according  to  the  Defires  of  both 

*  Houfes,  formerly  expreffed  in  their  Inftru&ions  to 
'  'John  Corbet,  Efq;  and  now  in  their  Declaration 
'  to  the  General  Affembly,    to  follicit  the  fpeed- 
'  ing   away  of  fuch  and    fo  many  Reverend  and 

*  Godly  Divines   as    they  fhall    make  Choice  of, 
<  to   be  Afliftants  in  the  Affembly  called    by  the 

*  two  Houfes.' 

July  22.  A  Letter  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe 
of  Lords,  from  the  Council  of  War,  was  read  j  ,the 
Occafion  of  it  will  be  beft  known  from  its  own 
Words  : 

My  Lord,  Brickhill,  July  25,   1643. 

JT/-  E  ha-ve^  after  divers  Addrejfes  to  the  Houfes,  A  Letter  from 
*^     with  Patience  expelled  Recruits,  and  Supplies  the  Council  of 
of  Men,  Horfes,  Saddles,  and  Arm^  to  enable  «j  War,  in  the  Earl 
to  do  the  State  that  Service  which  ^ve  mo  ft  heartily     W* 
vji/h  "Me  could  perform  :  And  we  Lt^e,  in  Modefly^ 

for- 


348        cTke  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  1.  for  borne  to  prefs  the  NeceJJity  of  the  Armies  upon 
*I^3»  your  Lordfoips,  fo  often  as  the  Condition  thereof  re- 
quired^ till  now  we  are  driven  to  that  Exigent  that 
we  can  be  no  longer  felent ;  we  mujl  therefore,  to  dif- 
charge  that  Truft  repofed  in  us,  make  known  unto 
your  Lord/hips,  That  the  Army  is  much  decayed  very 
fuddenly,  partly  by  the  Mortality  and  Sicknefs  which 
hath  befallen  us,  and  which  lieth  ftlll  upon  us  ;  and 
partly  for  Want  of  Pay  and  Cloathing,  our  Soldiers 
being  grown  bare,  and  many  of  them  almojl  naked  ; 
and  the  Running  away  of  our  Soldiers  is  not  the  leajl 
Occajion  of  our  Weaknejs,  who  are  encouraged  to  leave 
us,  out  of  a  Report  of  raijing  new  Armies^  wherein 
they  hope  they  /hall  be  entertained. 

We  hold  it  novj  fit  to  make  public  the  particular 
Condition  of  the  Army ;  not  knowing  whether  it  will 
be  more  pleajing  to  their  Lordjhips  to  refer  the  Infor- 
mation thereof  to  fuch  as  Jhall  be  appointed,  bv  your 
Lordflrips,  to  receive  the  particular  Relation  thereof 
from  thofe  who  are  herewith  fent  to  give  a  full 
Satisfaction  therein :  But  thus  much  we  Jhall  be 
bold  to  fay,  That  if  a  con/I  ant  Courfe  be  not 
held  that  the  Soldiers  may  be  duly  paid  and  bet- 
ter cloathed,  and  the  Recruits  cf  Men,  Horfe, 
Saddles,  and  Arms,  may  likewife  be  provided,  it 
will  be  impoffible  for  us  to  anfwer  your  Expeffa- 
iions,  or  difcharge  the  Duties  cf  our  Place ;  where- 
of we  have  thought  fit  to  give  your  "Lordfiips  time- 
ly Notice,  that  we  may  not,  hereafter,  have  it  laid 
to  our  Charge  that  we  have  dealt  unfaithfully  in 
concealing  that  which,  in  the  End,  and  that  too 
foon,  will  be  the  Deflruflion  and  Overthrow  of 
this  Army,  if  fpeedy  Courfe  be  not  taken  to  fupply 
the  Wants,  and  prevent  our  further  Weaknefs,  oc- 
cafioned  chiefly  by  thofe  Particulars  mentioned ;  feme 
whereof  will  reft  In  your  Lordjhip's  Power  to  provide 
again/}. 

My  Lord,  it  concerning  our  Honour  and  the  Safe- 
ty of  the  Kingdom,  we  mujl  deal  plainly  and  clear- 
ly with  you,  That  if  a  fpeedy  Care  be  not  had, 
there  will  not,  in  a  few  Days,  be  left  the  Face 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       349 

of  an  Army  here  amongjl  us  :  All  which  we  refer  to  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
your  Lord/hip's  mo  ft  ferious  and  fpeedy  Confederation^ 
and  reft 

Your  Lordfhip's 

Humble  Servants> 

THOMAS  GREY,  JA.  HOLBORNE, 

WILLIAAI  BROOKE,  LIONEL  COPLEY, 

JOHN  MIDDLE-TON,  JOHN  MERRICK, 

HARRY  BARCLAY,  PHIL.  SKIPPON, 

JOHN  BURGOYN,  PHIL.  STAPYLTON. 

FRANCIS  RUSSEL,  EDWARD  ALDRICH, 

THOMAS  TYRRELL,  SAMUEL  LUKE. 

This  Letter  was  ordered  to  be  communicated  to 
the  Commons,  at  a  Conference  ;  aft-er  which  both 
Houfes  fell  upon  various  Ways  and  Means  to  raife 
Money,  of  which  they  were  then  in  great  Want. 
They  alfo  agreed   that   a  large   Body   of   Horfe 
fhould  be  raifed ;  and  this  Day,  'July  25,  a  longThe  Parliament 
Ordinance  was  read  and  agreed  to  for  that  Purpofe. refolve  to ™ife 
This  Army  was  to  be  commanded  by  the  Earl  of^E^"^ er 
Mancbejler^  and  was,  as  it  is  declared  in  the 
dinance,  to  prevent  the  great  Mifchiefs  done  by  the 
King's  Horfe,  his  Army  being  faid  to   be  vaftly 
fuperior  in  that  Kind  of  Force. 

The  reft  of  the  TranfacYions  of  this  Month,  any 
way  relative  to  our  Defign,  will  be  comprized  in  a 
very  little  Room.—; — Sir  John  Conyers,  Lieutenant 
of  the  Tower,  having  afked  Leave  of  both  Houfes  to 
go  into  Holland,  with  his  Lady,  for  two  Months, 
it  was  agreed  to  ;  and  the  Lord  Mayor  and  the  two 
Sheriffs  of  London  were  appointed  to  execute  that 
Office  till  the  other's  Return.  Sir  William  Waller 
alfo,  having  loft  his  own  Army  in  the  Weft,  was 
authorized  to  command  all  the  Militia  in  and  about 
London. 

The  Earl  of  Portland  and  the  Lord  Conway* 
having  now  laid  as  Prisoners  feven  Weeks,  on  the 
Tingle  Teftimony  of  Mr.  Waller  againft  them,  were, 
by  the  Lords,  admitted  to  Bail.  The  Earlx>f  Denbigh 

and 


35°       ¥he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  Land  the  Lord  Hunfdon  for  the  former,  and  the  Earl 
qfB^r^and  Lord  Howard  oi Efarick  for  the  latter, 
in  iooo7.  each  ;  to  be  forfeited  to  the  King,  if,  after 
Notice,  they  did  not  appear  before  the  Parliament 
in  three  Days  Time. 

July  31.  To  clofe  this  Month,  we  mail  give  an 
authentic  Proof  of  the  Weaknefsthe  Parliament  was 
reduced  to  at  this  Time,  from  their  Lord- General 
JEJ/ex's  Propofitions ;  which  were  delivered  to  the 
Earl  of  Northumberland^  by  fome  Officers  of  the 
Army,  fent  on  purpofe  to  the  Committee  of  Safety ; 
and  by  the  faid  Earl  again  prefented  to  the  Houfe 
of  Lords,  as  a  Matter  deferving  the  moft  ferious 
Regard  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament.  They  bore 
this  Tide: 

CONSIDERATIONS  to  le  offered  to  the  Parliament, 
concerning  the  JVeaknefs  of  the  Army*  and  the 
EXPEDIENTS  for  Remedy  thereof. 

ThsEarl  of£/-'  ^i'^HE  Number  of  Foot  are  3000  marching 

/«c's  Propofah    *     J.     Men,  and  at  kaft  3000  fick,  occafioned  by 

jor. enforcing    t.  the  Want  of  Pay,  ill  Cloathing,  and  all  other 

rmjr*         *  Miferies  which  attend  an  unpaid  fickly  Army. 

«  The  Number  of  the  Horfe  2500,  (3000  laft  ' 

*  Mufter)  occafioned  by  the  Lofs  of  Horfes  upon 

*  hard  Duty  and  Service,  and  other  Cafualties  in- 
'  cident  to  Horfe  in  Service  ;  Recruits  of  Horfe, 

*  though   often   defired,  not   performed.     Befides, 

*  by  reafon  of  a  new  Army  being  raifed,  the  Of- 

*  fleers  find  themfelves  neglected,  the  prefent  Re- 
c  giments  much  leftened,  lifting   themfelves   elfe- 
c  where  for  the  new  Army,  expecting  better  Pay 

*  and  Cloathing ;  and,    upon   their   going   hence, 

*  are  entertained  and  protected  :  And  great  Dii- 
c  couragements  and  Scandals  put  upon  his  Excel- 
6  lency,   the  Officers,  and  Army,  either  through 

*  falfe  Suggeftions  of  fome  am  on  git  us,  or  the  Mif- 
«  understanding    of   others  ;   poifoning  the  AfFec- 
«  tions  of  the  People,  which  hinders  Recruiti  and 

*  Contributions. 

'As 


Of    ENGLAND.       351 

c  As  Remedies  for  which  Mifchiefs  we  offer  thefe  A 

*  Things : 

1.  *  A  fpeedy  Pay  of  Arrears,  and  a  conftant 

*  Pay  fettled  for  the  future ;  which  will  draw  on 
6  Recruits,  and  give  Way   to    more  ftr'nSl   Difci- 
'  pline  :  And  that  Cloaths  may  be  provided  accord- 
c  ing  to  i  ooo  for  every  Regiment :   To  which  Pur- 
e  pofe  an  Ordinance  for  a  Prefs  may  be  immediately 
6  parted. 

2.  '  That  500  Horfe  be  fent,  and  200  provided, 

*  monthly,  for  Recruits. 

3.  '  That  the  Forces  to  be  raifed  may  not  be 

*  put  into  a  new  Army  untill  the  old  Regiments  be 
c  recruited  :  No  Officer  or  Soldier  to  be  entertained 

*  into   any   other   Employment :  And    that  fevere 

*  Punifhment  be  executed  upon  fuch,  and  thofe  that 

*  entertain  them. 

4.  *  That  fuch  as'  (hall  be  found  guilty  of  any 

*  Scandals  laid  upon  his    Excellency,  any  of   his 
c  Officers,  or   Army,  may   be  feverely   puniflied ; 
c  whereby  the  like  Offences  may  be  no  more  com- 
c  mitted :  And  a  Declaration  of  both  Houfcs  paf- 

*  fed,  for  the  Vindication  of  his  Excellency  and 
c  them. 

5.  *  That  full  Power  having  been  given  to  his 
c  Excellency,   by  an  Ordinance  of  both   Houfes, 

*  for  the  granting  of  all  Commiffions  for  the  raifing 
«  or  commanding  of  any  Forces,  Towns,  or  Gar- 

*  rifons  :  It  is  conceived  moft  requifite,  for  the  bet- 
c  ter  ordering  of  the  Army,  that  no  Commifliou 

*  be  granted  whatfoever,  but  from  his  Excellency  ; 
'  the  Want  of  which  breeds  Difobedience  to  his 
6  Excellency's  Commands,  to  the  Prejudice  of  the 

*  Kingdom. 

6.  '  That  the  Lofs  of  the  Weft  is  rumoured  to  be 
c  occafioned  by  his  Excellency.    Defired,  it  may  be 
'  thoroughly  examined  what  the  Lofs  was,  and  the 
e  Occafion  of  it.* 

ESSEX. 

,   l643l 

The 


352      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.      The  Lords  taking  thefe  Confiderations  into  fe- 
^      JV    rious  Debate,  came  to  the  following  Refolutions  : 
Auguft.  *•   '  That  l^e   Lord -General's   Army  fhall   be 

recruited,  in  the  firft  Place,  by  all  pofiible  Means  ; 
and  for  the  fpeedier  expediting  thereof,  their  Lord- 
fhips  think  it  fit  that  an  Ordinance  of  both  Houfes 
be  pafled  for  preffing  of  Soldiers. 

2.  '  That  a  Declaration  be  publifhed,  to  vindicate 
the  Lord-General,  his  Commanders  and  Officers, 
from  Scandals  and  Afperfions. 

3.  *  That  a  Declaration  may  be  publifhed,  that 
no  Commander,  or  Soldier,  of  the  Lord-General's 
Army,  fhall  be  entertained  in  the  City,  or  any  other 
Place.   If  they  be  feen  there  they  fhall  be  punifh- 
cd. 

4.  *  That  fuch  Perfons,  that  fhall  be  employed 
In  the  Army  under  the  Lord-General,  fhall  be  un- 
der his  Command,  and  receive  their  Commifiions 
from  him. 

5.  '  That  it  be  recommended  to  the  Houfe  of 
Commons,  to  provide  for  the  Paying  the  Arrears 
of  the  Army,  and  to  recruit  him  with  200  Horfes 
monthly. 

6.  *  That  their  Lordfhips  hold  it  fit  that  the  Ru- 
mour of  lofing  the  Weft  be  examined. 

'  Ordered,  That  thefe  Confiderations  and  Reme- 
dies, with  the  Senfe  of  this  Houfe,  fhall  be  commu- 
nicated to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  at  a  Conference, 
and  their  Concurrence  herein  defired.' 

Auguft  3.  Many  Alterations  had  been  made, 
from  Time  to  Time,  in  the  Parliament's  Ordi- 
nance for  the  General  Weekly  Afieflment,  as  well 
as  in  that  for  fequeftring  Delinquents'  Eftates,  &c. 
occafioned  chiefly  by  a  wrong  Interpretation  of 
thefe  new  Acls  of  Power,  or  the  Partiality  of  the 
Collectors.  To  remedy  which,  the  former  Ordi- 
nance was  now  regulated,  and  put  on  a  Footing 
lo  ftand  throughout  England  and  Wales ;  and, 
this  Day,  being  agreed  to  by  both  Houfes,  was 
ordered  to  be  printed  and  publifhed.  This  Ordi- 
nance, which  is  neither  in  jRjtfatnrtlft  Colletl'ions, 

nor 


Of    ENGLAND.       353 

nor  Huflands'sy  nor  in  any  other  that  we  have  feen,  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
we  give  from  the  Lords'  Journals.  .^ 

The  Preamble  runs  thus  : 

*  /"  I  A 

'  Parliament,  being'fully  fatisfied,  andrefol-for 

«  ved  in  their  Confciences,  that  they  have  lawfully  ^- 

*  taken  up  Arms,  and  may  and  ought  to  continue  out  England  and 
'  the  fame  for  the  neceiTary  Defence  of  the  true  Re-  fales>  fi»«"7- 

*  formed  Religion,  of  themfelves  and  the  Parliament, mg  °n  l  e     "' 
'  from  Violence  and  Deftruclion,  and  of  this  King- 

'  dom  from  foreign  Inva'Hon,  and  for  the  bringing 
'  of  notorious  Offenders  to  condign  Punifhment ; 

*  which  are  the  only  Caufes  for  which  they  have 
'  raifed,    and  do  continue,  an  Army  and  Force, 
'  which   cannot  poffibJy  be  maintained,    nor  the 
'  Kingdom  fubfift,    without  the  fpeedy  raifing  of 
'  large  and  confiderable  Sums  of  Money,  propor- 

*  tionable  to  the  great  Expences  which  now  this 
'  Kingdom  is  at,  for  the  fupporting  of  the  faid  Ar- 

*  my,  and  for  the  faving  of  the  whole  Kingdom,  our 

*  Religion,  Laws,  and  Liberties,  from  utter  Ruin 
<  and  Deftru&ion  :  Which  that  it  may  be  done  with 
'  as  much  Eafe  and  Indifferency  to  the  good  Subjects, 

*  as  the  Exigence  of  the  Tjme  will  permit,  the  faid 

*  Lords  and  Commons  do  ordain,  &c. 

The  enabling  Claufes,  in  which,  for  Brevity's 
Sake,  we  have  left  out  the  IPords  of  Form,  run 
thus  : 

'  That,  for  the  feveral  Purpofes  aforefaid,  the 
f  Weekly  Sums  of  Money  hereafter  mentioned  (hall 
'  be  levied  upon  all  the  Counties,  Cities,  Towns, 
'  Liberties, Places, and  Perfons,  hereafter  mentioned, 

*  according  to  the  Proportions  herein  exprefied,  to 

*  be  paid  in  weekly  to  the  Collectors  appointed  for 

*  receiving  thereof.  £.      s. 
"Bedfordshire^          •                   — —         —     22  O    CO 

Berkfiire,  ,  , 550     OO 

Buckinghamfoirey  •  •  420    OO 

Cambridge fbire^         »•     •  •.  275    CO 

Ifie  of  E!yy  •—  ..    .  -     147     10 

VOL.  XII.  Z  Chtjbirt, 


354    ^b*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

L.        K 

An.  19.  Car.  I.CbeJhire,  >     -  .  175     OO 

«643-  City  of  C/>e/?*r  and  County  thereof,  —       62    oo 

V^v^    Cornwall,  '  i     625    oo 

Cumberland ,  •  37     IO 

Derbyjhire,  —  175    OO 

Devon/hire.          1800    CO 

City  of  Exeter  and  County  thereof,  —       50    10 

Dorfetjhire,  705    oo 

Durham,  <  62     IO 

Effex,  —  1125    oo 

Gloucejterjhire,  •  750    oo 

City  rfGhucefter  and  County  thereof,       62     10 
Hamp/hire,  with  the  City  of  Wincbe-  1 

ftery  Southampton^    and  the  Ifle  of  >      750    CO 

Wight*  i    . 

JierefordJJnre,  and  City  of  Hereford,  —     437     IO 
Hertfordjhlre,  —  —     450    OO 

Huntingdonjhire,  220    OO 

Kent,  with  the  Cities  there,  1250    CO 

Lancajblre,  •  500    co 

Leicejlerjhire,  —  187     JO 

Lincolnjhire,  with  the  City  of  Lincoln^ —     812     IO 
Middlesex,  and  the  City  and  Liberty  of  \ 

Wejlminfter,  \      ^°    CO 

Monmoutkjkire,  —  —       62     10 

Norfolk,  with  the  City  of  Norwich,  —  1250    oo 
Northumberland,  — 

Newcajlle  upon  Tyne, 
Northampton/hire,  - 
NotttnghamJJnre,  — 

Oxfordjkire,  •  — - 

Rutlandjbirey  — 

Salop,  

Somerfetfljire,  — • 

City  of  Briflol, 
Staffordjhire,  — 

City  of  Litchfield,  — 

Suffolk,  

Surrey,  with  the  Borough  of  Swtbwark,     500    oo 
Sujfext  '  -—     625    oo 

War- 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         355 


Coventry  City  and  County  thereof,  — 
IVeflmor eland,  —  — • 

Wiltjhire,  • 

Worcejlerjhlre,  —  • 

Worcefter  City  and  County  thereof, 
Torkjhire,  — 

York  City  and  County  thereof,        — 

Kingjlon  upon  //a//,          —  — 


W 


s. 


Anglefey, 

Brecknock, 

Cardigan, 

Carmarthen, 

Carnarvon, 

Denbigh, 

Flint, 

Glamorgan, 


Montgomery^  —— 

Pembroke, 

Haverford-Wejl,          

Radnor.  •  •••  • 

'  Every  Perfon  cf  the  Eftate  of  a  Baron  or  Ba- 
ronefs,  and  every  Eftate  above,  and  every  other 
Perfon  born  within  England,  Wales,  or  other 
the  King's  Dominions,  as  well  Ecclefiaftical  as 
Temporal ;  and  every  Corporation,  Fraternity, 
Guild,  Myftery,  Brotherhood,  and  Commonalty, 
Corporate  or  not  Corporate,  fliall  pay  towards 
the  Weekly  Sum  fo  aflefled  upon  each  County, 
according  as  the  fame  fliall  be  tax'd  upon  the  re- 
fpe&ive  Town,  Hamlet,  Parifh,  or  Place  where 
fuch  Perfon  is  chargeable,  his  refpe£tive  Propor- 
tion for  whatfoever  he  hath  to  his  own  proper 
Ufe,  as  well  in  Coin  as  in  Plate,  Stock  of  Mer- 
chandize, or  any  Manner  of  Corn,  Grain, 
Houftiold  Stuff,  and  of  all  other  Goods  and 
Moveables,  as  well  within  this  Realm  as  with- 
out, and  of  all  fuch  Sums  of  Money  as  to  him  is 
Z  2  *  owing, 


£. 

562 

••  An.  19.  Car.  I. 

10          1643. 

37 
27 

05        Au5uft« 

725 

00 

150 

oo 

16 

J3 

1062 

10 

62 

00 

25 

00 

25 

oo 

50 

10 

62 

10 

50 

00 

30 

00 

3 

oo 

10 

67 

IO 

12 

IO 

62 

10 

50 

oo 

5 

oo 

37 

10 

356      The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car,  l. £  owing,  whereof  he  trufts  in  his  Conference  to  be 
l643-        <  paid,  except  Money  that  he  doth  owe,  and,  in 
*"" 7"^"^""^    '  his  Confcience,  intends  truly  to  pay  ;  and  except 
£u  '       «  alfo  the  Apparel  of  every  fuch  Perfon,  their  \ 

'  and  Children,    belonging   to  their  own  Bodies, 
'  faving  Jewels,  Gold,  Silver,  Stones,  Pearl  :  And 

*  every  Alien  and  Stranger,  born  out  of  the  King's 
'  Obeyfance,  as  well  Denizens  as  others,  inhabiting 
'  within  this  Realm  ;  and  aifo  every  Popifh  Recu- 
'  fant,  convict  or  not  convict,  (hall  pay  a  Propor- 
'  tion  double  to  thofe  of  the  like  Eftates,  being  no 

*  Aliens  or  Recufants. 

'  Every  Perfon  born  within  the  King's  Obeyfance, 

*  as  well  Ecclefiaftical   as  Temporal  ;    and  every 
4  Corporation,  Fraternity,  tsV.  fhall  alfo,  forever/ 
'  Eftate  which  fuch  Perfon,  Corporation,  Frater- 

*  nity,  cffr.  or  any  other  to  their  Ufe,  in  Truft  or 

*  otherwife,    hath,    in  Fee-Simple,    Fee-Tale,  or 
'  Term  of  Life,  Term  of  Years,  by  Executorfhip, 

*  Wardfhip,    or  by  Copy  of  Court- Roll,  in  any 
'  Honours,  Caftles,  Manors,  Lands,  Tenements, 
c  Rents,    Services,  Tythes,    Obligations,  Obven- 

*  tions,  Annuities,    Offices  of  Profit,  Fees,  Cor- 
c  rodies,  or  other  yearly  Profits  or  Hereditaments, 
'  as  well  within  antient  Demefne  and  other  Places 

*  privileged,  as  elfewhere,  fhall  pay  towards  the  faid 

*  Weekly  Sums  his  Proportion  thereof  as  charged 
'  upon  each  County  as  aforefaid,  according  to  the 

*  true  Intent  and  Meaning  of  this  Ordinance.     Ex- 
'  cepted  always  from  this  Aflcfirnent,  all  the  Goods, 

*  Chattels,  and  Ornaments  belonging  to  any  Church 

*  or  Chapel  for  the  Service  of  Almighty  God  ;  and 
'  except  yearly  Wages  due  to  Servants. 

*  And  the  laid  fcveralSums,  lo  charged  upon  the 

*  feveral  Counties,  Cities,  cfrV.  ftiall  be  rated  before 

*  the  tenth   Day  of  Augujl^   1643;   and  the    faid 
'  Weekly  Payments  are  to  continue  for  two  Months 

*  (accounting  twenty-eight  Days  to  the  Month)  next 

*  enfuing,  from  the  faid  tenth  Day  of  Augvft^  un- 

*  lefs  the  King's  Army  fhall  be  difbarxled  in  the 

*  mean  Time,' 


Of    ENGLAND.       357 

Next  follow  the  Names  of  the  Commijfioners  for  An.  19.  C«r.  I, 
-executing  this  Ordinance  in  each  County ,  &c.        1643. 
but  thefe,  being  mojlly  the  fame  ivitb  tbofe  ap~  *      "">"  »— f 
pointed  for   the  Sequejiration  of  Delinquents'         u^u  * 
Efiatt;,  before  given  at  large,   we  pafs  over^ 
and  proceed  with  our  Abjlratt   of  the  Ordi- 
nance. 

4  The  Commiffioners  of  the  feveral  Counties  and 
c  Places,  or  the  greateft  Part  of  them,  {hall,  with 
4  all  convenient  Speed,  after  Notice  of  this  Ordi- 
4  nance,  meet  together  in  fome  convenient  Place 
4  within  their  feveral  Counties  and  Places,  and  may 
4  there  agree  to  divide  themfelves,  for  the  Execution 

*  of  the  faid  Service,  into  fuch  Hundreds,  Places, 
4  and  Divifions  within  their  refpe&ive  Counties,  &c. 
4  as  to  them  fhall  feem  expedient ;  and  afterwards 
4  they,   or    any   two   of    them   refpeclively,  fhall 
4  dire.cl  their  Warrants  to  fuch  Number  of  Per- 
4  fons  as  they  fhall  think  fit,   within  their  feveral 
'  Divifions,    to   appear   before   them;    and,    upon 
'  their  Appearance,  the  faid  Commiffioners,  or  any 

*  two  of  them,  fhall  appoint  fuch  Perfons  as  they 
'  think  fit,  within  their  refpecYive  Divifions,  who 
'  fhall  have  Power  to  alTefs  every  Perfon,  Corpo- 
'  ration,  Fraternity,  &c.  according  to  the  \Veekly 

*  Rates  and  Proportions  in  this  Ordinance  men- 
'  tioned. 

*  And  the  refpecYive  Commiffioners,  or  any  two 
£  of  them,  fhall  have  Power,  within  their  refpecYive 
4  Limits,  to  nominate  Collectors  for  the  Money  fo 

*  afiefTed,  who  fhall  pay  the  fame  to  the  Treafurers 

*  of  the  Army,  raifed  by  the  Parliament,  for  the 
'Time  being,   at  Guildhall^   London,    or  at  fuch 

*  Place,  or  to  fuch  Perfons,  as  the  faid  Commif- 
6  fioners  fhall  appoint :  And  if  any  Perfon,  Corpo- 

*  ration,   Fraternity,  &V.    fhall  refufe  to  pay  the 

*  Sums  upon  them  aflefled,    or  fhall  not  pay  the 
4  fame,  upon  Demand,  at  the  Place  of  his  Abode, 
4  or  where  fuch  AflefTment  fhall  be  made,  it  fhall 
4  be  lawful  for  the  Collectors,  or  any  two  of  them, 

*  to  levy  all  Sums  fo  aflefTed  by  way  of  Diflrefs  and 

Z  3  *  Sale 


358      The  Parliamentary 

An.  19.  Car.  i.«  Sale  of  their  Goods,  wherever  the  fame  fhall  be 

.^    'tlLj  '  f°und »    an(J   to  break   open  any  Houfe,   Cheft, 

Auguft.       '  Trunk,  Box,  or  any  other  Thing  wherein  fuch 

*  Goods  are  :  And  if  any  Perfon,  fo  diftrained,  (hall 
4  make  Refiftance,  it  fhall  be  lawful  for  the  faid. 
«  Colle&ors,  as  they  (hall  fee  Caufe,  to  call  to  their 
6  Afliftance  any  of  the  Train'd  Bands,  or  Compa- 

*  nies  of  Volunteers,  or  other  Forces,  within  the 
'  County  or  Place  where  fuch  Refiftance  fhall  be 

*  made,  or  any  other  Perfon  dwelling  in  or  near  the 
'  Place ;  and  the  faid  Train'd  Bands,  t£c.  are  re- 

*  quired  to  be  aflifting  to  the  faid  Collectors  at  their 
«  Peril. 

'  Every  Perfon  fhall  be  rated,  in  every  County, 

-    *  for  the  Eftate  he  hath,  either  in  Lands,   Tene- 

'  ments,  Hereditaments,  Rents,  Annuities,  Fees, 

*  Offices,  Goods,  Cattle,  or  Chattels,  in  that  County 
c  only ;  and  if  he  has  an  Eftate,  either  in  Lands, 
'  Tenements,  13 c.  in  more  Counties  than  one,  then 

*  to  be  rated  in  each  County  according  to  fuch  his 
«  Eftate. 

'All  Lands,  Tenements,  &c.  of  every  Perfon, 

*  of  what  Degree  foever,  fhall   be  rated  towards 

*  raifing  of  the  faid  Weekly  Sum  charged  by  this 
'  Ordinance  j  with  this  Provifo,  That  if  the  Lands 
'  be  fet  at,  or  let*  near,  the  yearly  Value  thereof, 

*  in  the  Pofleilion  of  any  Tenant  for  Life,  Lives, 
'  Years,  or  at  Will,  fuch  Perfon,  to  whom  the  Rent 
'  thereof  belongeth,  to  be  folely  chargeable  there- 

*  with  j  but  if  the  fame  be  lett  at  any  Under-  Value, 

*  then  the  Sum  taxed  to  be  apportioned  between  the 

*  Party  to  whom  the  Rent  belongeth  and  the  Te- 
'  nant  thereof,  as  theTaxers  fhall  think  meet;  and 
*'  if  any  of  them  fhall  do  any  Injury,  the  fame  to 

*  be  rectified  by  the  Commiflioners,  or  any  two  of 
c  them,  within  their  feveral  Limits,  according  to 

*  their    Difcretion :    And   if  any  fuch   Tenant   of 

*  Lands,  &V.  fhall  be  charged  with  any  Sum,  con- 

*  trary  to  the  true  Meaning  of  this  Ordinance,  it 

*  fhall  be  lawful  for  fuch  Tenant  to  ftop  the  fame 
f  out  of  his  Rent  due  for  the  fame  Lands,  or  to 

*  take  his  lawful  Remedy  againft  fuch  Perfon  to 

*  whom 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        359 

«  whom  the  faid  Rent  is  due,  (who  ought,  by  theAn.  19.  Car.  I. 

*  true  Meaning  of  this  Ordinance,  to  be  charged 
4  therewith)  by  Action  of  Debt,  wherein  no  Wa- 
4  ger  of  Law,  Protection,  'or  Effoign,   {hall  be  al- 
4  lowed. 

4  All  Perfons  having  any  Debts  or  Sums  of  Mo- 
4  ney  owing  to  them  within  this  Realm,  or  any 
4  Debts,  Goods,  or  Sums  of  Money  beyond  the 
4  Seas,  out  of  his  Majefty's  Dominions,  {hall  be 
4  charged  for  the  fame  in  the  Place  of  his  Refi,dence 
4  at  the  Time  of  the  Taxation. 

4  No  Perfon  having  two  Manfions  to  refort  to, 
4  and  calling  himfelf  Houfhold  Servant  or  Waiting 
4  Servant  to  the  King's  Majefty  or  other  Perfons, 
4  {hall  be  excufed  from  Payment  to  this  AfiefTment: 
4  And  if  any  Perfon,  by  Craft,  happen  to  efcape 

*  from  the  faid    Payment,    according  to  the  true 
4  Meaning  of  this  Ordinance,  and  that  proved  before 
4  the  faid  Commiflioners,  or  any  two  of  them,  then 
4  every  fuch  Perfon  {hall  be  charged  the  treble  Va- 
4  lue  of  fo  much  as  he  {hould  have  been  taxed  at; 
4  and  the  fame  to  be  levied  by  Diftrefs  and  Sale  of 
4  his  Goods :  And  if  no  Diftrefs  be  found,  then  the 

*  faid  Collectors  {hall  refpeclively  have  Power  to 
4  inquire  for  any  Money  due,  or  to  be  due,  to  the 
4  Perfons  fo  affefied,  for  any  Rents  or  Goods  what-< 
4  foever,  and  to  compound  for  any  of  the  faid  Rents, 
4  Goods,  cf?<r.  with  any  Perfon  by  whom  they  are 
4  due ;  alfo  to  give  a  full  Difcharge  for  the  Money 
4  by  them  fo  received  upon  Compofition,  or  other- 

4  wife  ;  which  Difcharge  {hall  be  valid  to  all  Intents 
4  and  Purpofes. 

4  If  any  Perfon  fhall  find  himfelf  over-rated,  fuch 

*  Perfon,  before  Diftrefs  taken,  may  complain  to  the 
e  Commiflioners  within  that  Divifion;  which  Com- 
4  miffioners,  or  any  two  of  them,  fhall  have  Power 
4  to  give  Relief  as  they  fhall  fee  Caufe ;  and  if  any 
4  Perfon,  fo  aggrieved,  be  fuch  as  have  not  formerly 
4  contributed  to  the  Propofitionsr  or  not  paid  upon 
4  the  Ordinance  for  afleffing  of  fuch  as  have  not 
4  contributed  at  all,  or  not  contributed  according  to 

4  the 


360     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 
19.  Car.  i.«  the  Proportion  of  their  Eftates,  then  the  faid  Par- 
l643-        c  tjeS)  if  they  be  not  aflefled  above  a  proportionable 
]T^ft        '  Part  as  other  Men  of  their  Ability  have  paid  upon 

*  the  Proportions,  or  have  paid  upon  the  faid  Or- 

*  dinance,  not  exceeding  the  Twentieth  Part,  the 
'  Rates  fo  aflefled  to  ftand  without  Appeal :  Pro- 
'  vided  that  no  Perfon  be  aflefled  above  the  Sum  of 
«  jo/,  the  Week. 

*  And,  for  the  Encouragement  of  the  Collectors, 
'  Three-pence  in  the  Pound  fhall  be  allowed  for 
e  every  Sum  paid  to  the  Receivers  appointed  by 
'  this  Ordinance  ;  Two-pence  whereof  fhall  be  al- 
'  lowed  to  the  Collectors,  and  the  Refidue  to  fuch 
e  other  Perfons  as  {hall  be  employed  in  the  faid 

*  Service,  according  to  the  Difcretion  of  the  Com- 
'  miifioncrs. 

«  And   that  all  the  Monies   aflefled  may  be  col- 

.    *  leered,  the  refpe6ltve  Afleflbrs  fhall,  within  one 

'  Week  after  their  refpective  Afleffments  made,  re- 

e  turn  their  feveral  Afleflments  to  the  Commiffioneis 

'  for  their  refpe&ive  Divifions ;    who  are  hereby 

*  required,  within  ten  Days  after,  to  deliver  a  Copy 
c  thereof,  fubfcribed  with  their  Hands,  to  the  Col- 

*  lectors  within  their  Divifions ;  and  alfo  to  fend 
4  up  another  Copy  to  the  Treafurer  of  the  Army 
'  raifed  by  the  Parliament,  for  the  Time  being,  that 

/  *  the  faid  Treafurer  may  know  thereby  what  he  is 

*  to  receive  of  every  Parifh,  bV.  within  the  Realm  ; 
c  which  Sums  (hall  be  paid  to  the  faid  Treafurer  at 

*  Guildhall,  London. 

*  And  if  any  Aflefibrs  or  Collectors  {hall  refufe 
'  the  faid  Service,  or  be  faulty  therein,  the  Com- 
'  miflioners  for  the  Divifions  where  iuch  are,  fhall 

*  have  Power  to  commit  them  to  Prifon,  or  to  fet 

*  fuch  a  Fine  upon  them  as  they  fhall  think  fit,  not 
'  exceeding  the  Sum  of  20  /.  upon  the  Aflefibr,  or 

*  the  Sum  of  5  /.  upon  the  Collector,  the  fame  to 
«  be  levied  by  Diftrefs  and  Sale  :  And  if  any  Perfon 

*  fo  aflefled  as  aforefaid,  (hall  conceal  his  Goods, 

*  fo  that  no  Diftrefs  can  be  taken,  or  the  Sum  fo. 
«  aflefled  levied  by  any  the  Ways  in  this  Ordinance 

men- 


Of    ENGLAND.       361 

'  mentioned,  then  the  Collegers  fhall  certify  the  An.  19.  Car.  J. 

*  fame ;  in  cafe  he  be  a  Peer,  unto  the  Lords  in        1643 

4  Parliament  j  and,  if  he  be  under  that  Degree,  to  ^•""— v—  «J 

*  the  Committee  of  Lords  and  Commons  appointed       AuEuft« 

*  for  the  Advance  of  Monies  ;  which  Committee 

*  fhall  have  Power  to  fend  for  fuch  Perfons  as  De- 
4  Jinquents,    and   commit  them  Prifoners  to  fuch 
4  Place  within  this  Kingdom,  and  for  fo  long  a 
'  Time,  as  the  Committee  for  Examinations  fhall 
«  think  fit. 

4  All  the  Afleflbrs  and  Colleaors,  and  all  that 
e  fhall  aflift  them  in  the  Premises,  (hall  be  prote£t- 

*  ed,  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  from  all  Da- 

*  mage  that  may  come  to  them  by  this  Service ;  and 

*  fhall  further    receive  fuch  Allowances  for  their 
c  Charge  and  Obedience  in  the  Execution  of  this 
4  Ordinance,  as  upon  Certificate   from  the  Com- 

*  miflioners,  or  any  two  of  them,  fhall  be  thought 

*  fit  by  the  Committee  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons 

*  for  Examinations. 

'  Laftly,  Where  noCommiflioners  are  named  in 

*  this  Ordinance  for  any  County,  &c.  fuch  other 

*  Commiflioners  as  are  appointed  by  Parliament  fhall 
4  put  this   prefent  Ordinance  in  Execution  within 
s  any  fuch  County,  &c. 

*  Provided  that  no  Peer  of  this  Realm  fhall,  by 

*  virtue  of  this  Ordinance,  be  rated  for  any  of  his 
4  Manfion-Houfes,  with  the  Appurtenances,  in  any 
4  Place  whatfoever ;  but  that  the  AfTefTors  fhall  cer- 
4  tify  the  fame  unto  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  that  fuch 
4  Peers  may  be  there  rated  for  the  lame  according 
4  to  this  Ordinance. 

4  And  whereas,  by  this  Ordinance,  the  Inhabi- 

*  tants  of  the  City  of  London  are  not  to  be  rated,  in 
'  refpedl  of  the  great  Proportion  laid  upon  them  by 
e  the  late  Weekly  Afieffment  for  three  Months,  it 
4  is  now  ordered,  That  thofe  Perfons  within  the 
4  faid.City  of  London,  which  have  not  paid  the  (aid 
4  A  fie  (linen  t,  formerly  rated  on  them,  (hall,  in  cafe 
4  they  pay  not  the  fame  within  twenty  Days  after 

*  the  Date  of  this  Ordinance,  be  rated,  for  the  Space 

of 


An.  19 


362     Tke  Parliamentary  HISTORY 


9^  Car.  I.  «  of  two  Months,  as  other  Counties  by  this  Ordi- 
L  Hi       '  nance  are  to  be.' 

Augufl  4.  The  Lords  received  Letters  from  the 
i/loughbyofParbamt  dated  Augujl  i,(but  they 
are  not  entered  in  their  Journals')  giving  an  Account 
of  the  ill  State  and  Condition  the  Parliament's  Forces 
were  in,  in  thofe  Parts  of  Lincoln/hire  where  he  com- 
manded ;  defiring  prefent  Relief,  both  of  Men  and 
Money,  elfe  he  could  not  defend  them  againft  the 
Earl  of  Newca/lle's  Army.  It  was  ordered  to  be  com- 
municated to  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

The  fame  Day  the  Earl  of  Northumberland,  from 
the  Committee  appointed  to  confider  of  Means 
for  fettling  the  prefent  Diftractions  of  the  King- 
dom, reported,  That  they  had  confidered  of  a  Pe- 
tition to  be  prefented  to  his  Majefty,  from  both 
Houfes,  to  that  Purpofe  ;  which  being  read  and, 
after  Debate,  agreed  to,  a  Meflage  was  fent  to  the 
Lower  Houfe,  to  defire  a  Conference  with  them 
the  next  Morning. 

Augujl  5.  The  Lords  took  into  further  Confide- 
ration  their  Proportions  for  Peace,  and  ordered  that 
theirSpeaker  fhould  introduce  them  to  theCommons, 
at  the  Conference,  with  this  Preface  : 

Gentlemen, 

Preamble  to  ihe  Ct^HE  Lords  believe  it  too  vifible  to  tie  Under- 
Lords'  Propofi-  -*  Jlanding  of  all  Per/on^  that  this  Kingdom,  with 
tions  for  Peace.  ffy  ^  £/^^  Qf  plgnty  Qnd  ^uneianc^  tfo  Fruits 

of  our  long  and  happy  Peace^  mujl  be  forthwith 
turned  into  that  Defolation  and  Famine  which  ac- 
company a  Civil  War  :  And  that  thoje  Hands  and 
Hearts  ^  that  Jhould  fupport  this  Land,  do  now  endan- 
ger it  by  unnatural  Divifions  :  Which  Confiderations 
have  moved  the  Lords  to  fend  Proportions  again  to 
his  K'lajefty,  in  which  {hey  do  dejire  \our  Concur- 
rence ;  the  Reafonablenefs  and  'Jujlice  of  them  being 
fuchy  that  if  they  be  rejefted,  our  Caufe  will  thereby 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        363 

le  Jirengthenedt  and  the  Kingdom  encouraged  to  pre-An>  i9«Car' 
J'erve  themfelves  in  their  jujl  Rights.  L-*-v--- 

Auguft, 

But  though  we  are  told  the  Conference  was 
held  this  Day,  yet  the  Report  of  it  is  not  entered 
in  the  Journals;  nor  does  it  appear  from  thofe  Au- 
thorities what  the  Propofitions  of  Peace  were.  Mr. 
Whltlocke  pafles  over  this  whole  Affair  in  Silence. 
Mr.  Rujhworth,  indeed,  gives  us  a  Petition  from 
the  City  of  London  againft  them,  but  nothing  more: 
This  Deficiency  is  very  luckily  fupplied  by  Lord 
Clarendon,  who  has  not  only  given  us  the  Propofi- 
tions themfelves,  but  alfo  the  Arguments  urged  in 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  for  and  againft  them.  The 
Neglect  of  the  other  Contemporaries,  in  a  Point 
of  fo  great  Importance,  is  a  fufficient  Apology  for 
our  giving  his  Lordfhip's  Account  of  this  Matter, 
though  he  was  not,  nor  could  be,  prefent  at  the 
Debate  a. 

The  Particulars  propofed  by  the  Lords  were  :       The 

1.  'That  both  Armies  might  be  prefently  dif-  thereof. 
banded,  and  his  Majefty  be  entreated  to  return  to 

his  Parliament,  upon  fuch  Security  as  fhould  give 
him  Satisfaction. 

2.  «  That  Religion  might  be  fettled  with  the  Ad- 
vice of  a  Synod  of  Divines,  in  fuch  a  Manner  as 
his  Majefty,  with  the  Content  of  both  Houfes  of 
Parliament,  fhould  appoint. 

3.  '  That  the  Militia,  both  by  Sea  and  Land, 
might   be   fettled    by   a   Bill ;  and  the    Militia, 
Forts,  and  Ships  of  the  Kingdom,  put  into  fuch 
Hands    as    the  King   fhould   appoint,    with  the 
Approbation  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament ;  and 
his  Majefty 's  Revenue  to  be  abfqlutely  and  wholly 
reftored  unto  him,  only  deducting  fuch  Part  as  had 
been  of  NeceiTity  expended  for  the  Maintenance  of 
his  Children,  and  not  otherwife. 

4.  c  That  all  the  Members  of  both  Houfes,  who 
had  been  expelled  only  for  abfenting  themfelves,  or 

*  meer 

#  Hiftory,  Vol.  Ill,  8vo,  Edit,  p,  318. 


364.       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.'  meer  Compliance  with  his  Majcfty,  and  no  other 
1643.       <  Matter  of  FadV  agatnft  them,  might  be  reftored  to- 
*— "y"-*    *  their  Places. 

5.  *  That  all  Delinquents,  from  before  the  10th 
'  Day  of  'January ,  1641,  fhould  be  delivered  up  to 
'  the  Juftice  of  Parliament,  and  a  General  Pardon 
'  for  all  others  on  both  Sides. 

6.  %  And  laftly,  That  there  might  be  an  Act  of 

*  Oblivion  for  all  by-gone  Deeds  and  A6ts  of  Hofti- 
4  lity.' 

Debate  thereon  '  When  this  Conference  was  reported  in  the 
in  the  Houfe  ofHoufe  of  Commons,  it  begot  a  wonderful  long 
3ns*  and  ii  hot  Debate,  which  lafted  till  Ten  o'Clock 
that  Night,  and  continued  a  Day  or  two  more  ; 
the  violent  Party  (for  there  were  yet  many  among 
them  of  more  moderate  Conftitutions,  who  did,  and 
ever  had,  heartily  abhorred  their  Proceedings,  tho% 
out  of  Fear,  or  Indifpofition  of  Health,  or  not 
knowing  elfe  well  what  to  do,  they  continued  there) 
inveighed  furioufly  againft  the  Defign  itfelf  of  fend- 
ing to  the  King  at  all,  and  therefore  would  not 
have  the  particular  Propofitions  fo  much  as  con- 
fidered  :  4  They  had  received  much  Prejudice  by 

*  the  laft  Treaty  at  Oxford^  and  therefore  muft  un- 
'  dergo  more  now  their  Condition  was  much  lower ; 
'  the  King  had  fince  that,  upon  ths  Matter,  de- 
'  clared   them   to  be  no  Parliament ;   for  if  they 
e  were  not  free,  they  could  not  be  a  Parliament ; 

*  fo  that  till  that  Point  was  vindicated,  they  could 
e  not  treat  in  any  fafe  Capacity,  but  would  be  look- 
'  ed  upon  under  the  Notion  of  Rebels,  as  his  Ma- 
'  jefty  had  declared  them.     They  had  fent  Mem- 

*  bers  into  Scotland  to  require  AiTiftance,    which 

*  that  Kingdom  was  preparing  with  all  Brotherly 

*  Affeclion  and  Forwardnefs  ;    and,    after  fuch   a 

*  £)ifcovery,  to  treat  for  Peace,  without  the  Privity 

*  of  the  Sects,  was  to  betray  them,  and  to  forfeit 
4  all  Hopes  hereafter  of  Relief  from  thence,  what 
'  Neceilities  foever  they  might  be  reduced  to.  That 
'  the  City  of  London  had  exprefled  all  imaginable 
'  Readincfs  to  raife  Forces  for  Sir  lifilliatn  Waller  ; 

*  and 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        365 

*  and  the  Counties  near  London  were  ready  to  rife  An,  19.  Car.  I. 
6  as  one  Man  ;  whereby  the  Earl  of  EJ/ex  would 

«  be  fpeedily  enabled  to  march,  with  a  better  Ar- 

*  my  than  ever  he  had,  to  give  the  King  Battle, 
'  except  this  Difcourfe  of  Peace  did  extinguifh  the 

*  Zeal  that  was  then  flaming  in  the  Hearts  of  the 
«  People. 

*  But  notwithftanding  thefe  Reafons,  and  the 
Pafiion  in  the  Delivery,  the  Terror  of  the  King's 
Succefies  fuggefted  Anfwers  enough  :  t  They  had 
6  been  punifhed  for  breaking  off  the  Treaty  of  Ox- 
'  ford)  when  they  might  have  had  better  Terms 
'  than  now  they  could  expect ;  and  if  they  omit- 

*  ted    this   Opportunity,    they   fhould    fare   much 
'  worfe  ;  that  they  were  not  fure  of  Aid  from  Scot- 
'  land)  neither  was  it  almoft  poffible  it  fhould  come 

*  Time  enough  to  preferve  them  from  the  Ruin  at 
'  Hand  :    And  for  the  City  of  London,  though  the 
'  common  and  meaner  Sort  of  People,  who  mi-Tht 
'  promife  themfelves  Advantage  by  it,  defired  the 
4  Continuance  of  the  Diftra£tions,  yet  it  was  evi- 
'  dent  the  moft  fubftantial  and  rich  Men  defired 

*  Peace,  by  their  Refufal  to  fupply  Money  for  the 
'  carrying  on  the  War  ;  and  if  they  fhould  judge 

*  of  the  common  People  by  their  Forwardnefs  to 

*  engage  their  own  Perfons,    they  had  Reafon  to 
'  believe  they  had  no  Mind  to  the  War  neither ;  for 
'  their  General  was  forced    to  retire  even  undtr 
'  their  own  Walls,  for  Want  of  Men   to  recruit 

*  his  Army.    However,  the  fending  reafonable  Pro- 
4  pofitions  to  the  King,    would  either  procure  a 
'  Peace,  and  fo  they  fhould  have  no  more  Need  of 
e  an  Army  ;    or,  being  refufed,  would   raife  more 
'  Men  and  Money  than  all  their  Ordinances  with- 
'  out  it.'     Thefe  Reafons  and  Arguments  prevail- 
ed ;  and,  after  the  Debate  had   lafted   till  Ten  of 
the  Clock  at  Night,  it  was  refolved  upon  the  Que- 
ftion,  and  carried  by  Twenty-nine  Voices b,  '  That 

'they 

b  This  Circumftance  is  confirmed  by  the  Commons  Jourr.ah  ; 
wherein  we  fin<i  the  Numbers  for  taking  the  Lords  Piopolitions  into 
Confidcration  were  Ninety-four.  Againft  it,  Sixty-rive.  The  Tel- 
lers for  the  Quetiion,  Mr.  Holla  ar.d  Sir  Jobr.  Evelyn',  againft  V, 
Mr,  Muti>. -awdMr,  Stride. 


366       *Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY" 

An.  19.  Car.  I.  *  they  fhould  infift  upon  the  Propofitions,  and  fend 
<  them  to  his  Majefty.' 

^ord  ^arendon  proceeds  to  remark, «  That,  with- 
out Doubt,  if  they  had  then  fent,  (as,  if  the  Power 
had  been  in  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament,  they  had 
Which  being  by  d°ne)  a  firm  Peace  had  immediately  enfued  :  For 
them,  in  feme  befides  that,  if  a  Treaty  and  Ceflation  had  been  in 
Meafurc,  appro- tna[  Conjuncture  enter'd  upon,  no  extravagant  De- 
°*  mand  would  have  been  preffed,  only  a  Security  for 

thofe  who  had  been  faulty,  which  the  King  would 
gladly  have  granted,  and  moft  religioufly  obfer- 
ved  ;  the  fourth  Proportion,  and  Confent  to  re- 
ftore  all  Members  to  their  Places  in  Parliament, 
would  have  prevented  the  kindling  any  more  Fire 
in  thofe  Houfes.  But  this  was  too  well  known 
to  be  fuffered  to  pafs  ;  and,  therefore,  the  next 
Day,  being  Sunday,  the  feditious  Preachers  filled 
all  the  Pulpits  with  Alarms  of  Ruin  and  Deftru&ion 
to  the  City,  if  a  Peace  were  now  offered  to  the 
King  ;  and  printed  Papers  were  fcattered  through 
the  Streets,  and  fixed  upon  Gates,  Pofts,  and  the 
moft  public  Places  in  the  City  and  Suburbs,  re- 
quiring all  Perfons  well- affected  to  rife  as  one  Man, 
and  to  come  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  next  Morn- 
ing, for  that  20,000  Irijh  Rebels  were  landed  ; 
which  Information  was  likewife  given  that  Day  in 
many  Pulpits  by  their  Preachers  ;  and,  in  other 
Papers  likewife  fet  up,  it  was  declared,  That  the 
Malignant  Party  had  over-voted  the  Good,  and,  if 
not  prevented,  there  would  be  a  Peace.' — Thus  far 
the  Noble  Hiftorian. 

This  Apprehenfion  of  a  Peace  fo  alarmed  the 
Leading  Men  in  the  City  of  London,  that  the  Lord 
Mayor  (Pennington)  who  had  been  excepted  by 
Name  in  the  King's  Offer  of  a  General  Pardon, 
call'd  a  Common  Council  at  the  Guildhall  the 
fame  Evening,  though  on  a  Sunday ;  where  a  Pe- 
tition againft  any  Accommodation,  and  a  Draught 
of  an  Ordinance  for  vigoroufly  profecuting  the 
War,  was  agreed  on  to  be  prefented  to  the  Houfe 
of  Commons  next  Morning  (Auguft  7)  :  For  tho' 

thefe 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       367 

thefe  Propofitions  for  Peace  took  their  Rife  in  theAn.- 19.  Car.  5, 
Houfe  of  Lords,  the  Citizens  did  not  offer  any  Pe- 
tition  to  that  Houfe  againft  them.  Inftead  thereof 
we  find  that,  the  Lords  being  met,  they  were  in- 
formed that  a  great  Concourfe  of  People  were  ga- 
thered about  their  Houfe,  occafioned  by  feveral  Pa-A  «r«t  Tnmult 
pers  printed  and  difperfed  all  over  the  City  the  Day^S,  m 
before,  inviting  the  People  to  come  down  in  an  un- 
lawful Manner  to  Wejlminfter :  On  which  they 
agreed  to  have  a  Conference  with  the  Other  Houfe, 
to  let  them  know,  That  their  Lordfhips  did  account 
this  Manner  of  coming  down  a  great  Breach  of  Pri- 
vilege, and  that  they  did  adjourn  their  Houfe  till  the 
next  Morning ;  and  that,  if  the  Concourfe  of  Peo- 
ple ftill  continued,  they  would  adjourn  themfelves 
to  a  further  Time.  Likewife  to  defire  the  Com- 
mons to  join  with  them,  to  find  out  who  printed 
and  difperfed  thofe  Papers,  and  who  were  the  Au- 
thors of  them,  that  they  might  be  brought  to  con* 
dign  Punifhment. 

In  the  Midft  of  this  Tumult  came  down  alfo  a  And  the  City  of 
feleft  Body  of  Aldermen  and  Common  Council  tof,'"^ "  Pet  ticn 

_.__  a    .    j,J  -II         T-»     •  •  r  •  t"6  Commons 

frejlminjter,  with  the   Petition  before-mentioned  jagainft  any  AC- 
and  the  Commons  being  informed  they  were  at  thecommodation  j 
Door,  they  were  called  in  ;  when  Alderman  Atkins, 
one  of  the  Sheriffs,  in  the  Name  of  all  the  reft,  pre- 
fented  the  following  Petition  : 

To   the   Honourable   the   Knights,  Citizens,  and 
Burgeffes,  of  the  Commons  Houfe,  in  Parliament    ' 
affembled, 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  the  Lord  Mayor,  Al- 
dermen, and  Commons  of  the  City  of  London,  in 
Common  Council  aflembled, 

Sheweth, 

CT'H AT  your  Petitioners  having  heard  that  fuch 
-*  Propofitions  and  Offers  have  been  lately  fent,  from 
the  Houfe  of  Peers,  to  this  Honourable  Houfe,  which, 
(as  we  greatly  fear)  if  yielded  unto,  would  be  de- 
ftruttive  to  our  Religion^  Laws.,  and  Liberties  ;  and 

finding 


368     The  Parliamentary  Hi  s  T OR  Y 

An,  19.  Car.  lading  already,  by  Experience,  that  the  Spirits  of  all 
1643.        the  well-offered  Party,  in  the  City  and  Counties  ad- 
t— -v— — '    jacent,  that  are  willing  to  ajjijl  the  Parlia?nent  both 
Auguft.       jn  perfon  and  Purfe,  are  much  Jejetfed  thereat ;  and 
the  Brotherly  Ajfiftance  from  Scotland,  as  well  as  th.' 
Rat/ing  and  Maintaining  of  Forces  ourfelves,  thereby 
likely  to  be  retarded ;  all  which  the  Petitioners  refer  to 
yourferious  Confederation ;  and,  confidering our  prefent 
fad  Condition,  lies  upon  us  in  a  f pedal  Manner,  through 
the  incenfed  Patience  of  the  Jlmighty,  by  Delay  and 
Want  of  Execution  of  Juftice  upon  Traitors  and  De- 
linquents j  and,  having  an  Opportunity  yet  afforded  us 
to  fpeak,  our  Deftres  are, 

That  you  would  be  pleafcd  to  perfift  in  your  for- 
mer Refolutions,  whereupon  the  People  have  fo 
much  depended,  and  wherein  you  have  fo  deeply 
engaged  yourfelves,  (though  you  fhould  perifh 
in  the  Work)  that  Juftice  may  be  done  upon 
Offenders  and  Delinquents.  And  that,  fince  we 
are  as  willing  as  ever  to  expofe  what  we  are, 
and  have,  for  the  crowning  of  fo  good  a  Cauie, 
you  will  be  pleafed,  by  a  fpeedy  palling  the 
Ordinance  hereunto  annexed,  or  one  to  this  Ef- 
fect, to  put  us  in  a  probable  Way  for  our  and 
your  Defence,  wherein  your  Petitioners  will, 
by  the  Bleffing  of  God,  never  be  wanting  j  but 
fhall  ever  pray,  &c. 

Who  thereupon  1'ne  Commons,  after  having  read  the  Petition  and 
reject  the  Lords'  Ordinance,  firft  returned  the  Citizens  hearty  Thanks 
S  f°rfor  their  great  Expreftons  of  Care  for  the  Safety  of 
the  Commonwealth,  &c.  Next  ordered  their  Com- 
mittee, formerly  appointed  to  meet  with  the  City's 
concerning  the  Militia,  to  receive  fuch  Propofitions 
as  {hall  be  offered  them,  for  the  Safety  of  the  City 
and  Peace  of  the  Kingdom  :  To  prepare  a  Draught 
of  an  Ordinance  upon  them,  and  prefent  it  to  the 
Houfe.  They  then  proceeded  to  take  into  Con- 
federation the  Propofitions  for  Peace  fent  from  the 
Lords ;  and,  after  a  very  long  Debate,  the  Houfe  divi- 
ded on  this  Queftion,  Whether  they  (hould  take  thofe 

Pro- 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         369 

Propofitions  into  a  more  particular  Confideration  ?  An.  19.  Car.  I. 

The  Yeas  went  out,  Mr.  Holies  and  Sir  John  Hoi-         l643- 

land,  Tellers  for  the  Yeas,  and  Sir  Robert  HarUy  v     7"*7*^ 

with  Sir  Thomas  Barrington,  for  and  with  the  Noesj 

who  brought  in  the  Number  of  81   of  the  former, 

and  79  of  the  latter.    This  nearDivifion  occafioned 

a  ftri&er  Scrutiny}  for  the  Houfe,  not  being  fatisfied 

with  the  Report  of  the  Tellers,  divided  again,  when 

the  Number  of  the  Yeas  that  went  forth  were  8r, 

as  before,   but  the  Number  of  the  Noes  that  fat 

amounted  now  to  88.     A  very  odd  Circumftance, 

unlefs  we  may  fuppofe  that  nine  Members  came  into 

the  Houfe  at  that  Interval  ! 

Thus  all  Hope  of  an  Accommodation,  between 
King  and  Parliament,  was  flopped  by  the  Commons  j 
for  another  Queftion  arifing  at  the  fame  Time, 
Whether  that  Houfe  would  concur  with  the  Lords 
in  their  Propofitions,  or  not  ?  it  parted  in  the  Ne- 
gative without  any  Divifion  a.  But  the  Commons, 
to  foften  the  Harfhnefs  of  this  Vote  to  the  Lords, 
appointed  a  Committee  ^o  prepare  Reafons  to  be 
offered  to  them,  why  they  diflented  from  them  $ 
and  particularly  to  defire  their  Lordfhips,  at  the 
next  Conference,  not  to  defert  the  Defence  of  the 
Kingdom  at  this  Time-,  for  the  Commons  .would  do 
their  utmofl  in  tke  Defence  of  the  Lords,  as  much  as 
for  tbemfehes.  They  alfo  refolved  to  recommend 
it  to  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  to  take  fome  Courfe 
to  prevent  all  Tumults  ;  who  accordingly  iflued  an 
Order,  prohibiting,  on  the  utmoft  Penalties  the 
Law  could  inflict,  the  making  of  any  unlawful  Af- 
femblies,  or  printing  any  Papers,  &c.  for  that  Pur- 
pofe. 

Two  Days  after  this,  (Auguft  9)  as  a  Counter- 
poife  to  the  foregoing  Petition  for  continuing  the 
War,  another  was  prefented  to  the  Commons  for 

VOL.  XII.  A  a  Peace. 

a  Lord  Clarendon  fays,  The  People  about  the  Doors  behaved  fo  im- 
perioufly,  as  to  tell  the  Members  of  both  Houfes,  as  they  palled  by 
them,  «  That  if  they  had  not  a  good  Anfwer^they  would  be  there  the 
'  next  Day  with  double  the  Number.' 


370     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  10.  Car.  I.peace.     This  was  from  ths  Women  ;  the  Men,  as 
:6*3          Lord  Clarendon  remarks,  being  deterred  from  any 
~'~        Anempt  of  this  Sort  by  the  late  Execution  of  Mr. 
frmkins  and  Mr.  Chuloner,  and  the  Severities  which 
followed  the  Difcovery  of  Mr.  Waller's  Plot.  - 
This  remarkable  Petition  runs  thus  : 

To  the  Honourable  the  HOUSE  of  COMMONS  in  Par- 
liament aflembled, 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  many  CIVILLY-DISPO- 
SED WOMEN,  inhabiting  in  the  Cities  of  London, 
jler^  the  Suburbs,  and  Parts  adjacent, 


Sheweth, 

tvon  from<7"  HATjour-poer  Petitioners,  though  of  the  weaker 
e  Women  of  •*  Stx,  do  too  fenfibly  pfrceive  the  enfuing  Defola- 
ndon,  &c.  faon  o  this  Kindom,  unles,  b  ame  timely  Means, 


, 

,  of  this  Kingdom,  unlefs,  by  fame  timely 

Pcacc<  your  Honours  provide  for  the  'fpeedy  Recovery  there- 

of. Tour  Honours  are  the  Phyficians  that  can,  by 
God's  fpecial  and  miraculous  Blejjing,  (which  we 
Itumbly  implore)  rejlore  this  languijbing  Nation,  and 
our  bleeding  Sifter  the  Kingdom  cf  Ireland,  which  hath 
now  almoft  breathed  her  lajl  Gafp. 

We  need  not  dl  State  to  your  Eagle-eyed  Judgments 
the  Way  ;  our  only  Defire  is,  That  God's  Glory  in  the 
true  Reformed  Protejlant  Rfligion  may  be  preferred  ; 
the  juft  Prerogatives  and  Privileges  of  King  and  Par- 
liament maintained  ;  the  true  Liberties  and  Properties 
of  the  Subjtft,  according  to  the  known  Laws  of  the  Land, 
rejlored;  and  all  honour  able  Way  sand  Means  for  a  fpeedy 
Peace  endeavoured. 

May  it  therefore  pleafe  your  Honours,  that  fome 
fpeedy  Courfe  may  be  taken  for  the  Settlement 
of  the.  true  Reformed  Proteftant  Religion  for 
the  Glory  of  God,  and  the  Renovation  of  Trade 
for  the  Benefit  of  the  Subjed,  they  being  the 
Soul  and  Body  of  the  Kingdom. 
And  your  Petitioners,  with  many  Millions  of  af- 
flicled  Sculs,  groaning  under  the  Burden  of 
thefe  Times  of  Diftrefs,  ihall  (as  bound)  pray, 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

We  have  before  taken  Notice  of  a  Petition  from  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
the  Female  Sex  at  the  Beginning  of  the  Troubles,  l6^ 
and  Mr.  Pymme's  Speech  to  them  at  that  Time  b  :  *—  ~*~  ^ 
But  this  Gentleman  feems  now  to  have  been  great- 
ly out  of  the  Ladies  Favour,  by  what  follows  in. 
Mr.  Rujhivorth's  Account  of  this  Matter  :  He  tells 
us,  '  That  this  Petition  was  brought  up  by  2  or 
3000  Women,  generally  of  the  meaneft  Sort, 
(whom  Lord  Clarendon  calls  a  great  Muitituce  of 
the  Wives  of  fubftantial  Citizens)  with  while  Silk 
Ribbons  in  their  Hats  ;  and  was,  by  fome  of  their 
Number,  prefented  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
who  received  and  read  the  fame  j  and  fent  out  Sir 
John  Hippefley  and  two  or  three  Members  more  to 
return  them  an  Anfwer,  *  That  the  Houfe  were  no 
*  way  Enemies  to  Peace,  and  that  they  did  not 
'  doubt,  in  a  fhort  Time,  to  anfwer  the  Ends  of 
'  their  Petition ;  and  defired  them  to  return  to  their 
'  Habitations  c.'  But  the  Women,  not  fatisfied, 
remained  thereabouts,  and,  by  Noon,  were  en- 
creafed  to  5000  at  the  leaft  ;  and  fome  Men  of 
the  Rabble,  in  Women's  Cloaths,  mixed  them- 
felves  amongft  them,  and  inftigated  them  to  go 
up  to  the  Commons'  Door,  and  cry,  Peace,  Peace  ; 
which  they  did  accordingly,  thrufting  to  the  Door 
of  the  Houfe  at  the  Upper  Stairs-Head.  The 
Trained  Band  advifed  them  to  come  down,  and 
fuft  pulled  them  ;  and  afterwards,  to  fright  them, 
(hot  Powder :  But  they  cried  out,  Nothing  but 
Poiuder ;  and  fome  of  them  in  the  Yard  having 
Brick  Bats,  threw  them  a-pace  at  the  Trained 
Band,  who  then  fhot  Bullets.  Yet  the  Women, 
not  daunted,  cried  out  the  louder  at  the  Door  of 
the  Houfe  of  Commons,  Give  us  tbofe  Traitors  that 
are  ugainji  Peace,  that  we  may  tear  them  ta  Pieces  : 
Give  us  that  Dog  Pymme,  &fc.' 

A  a  2  Upon 

t  In  our  Tenth  Volume,  p.  271,  et  feq. 

c  The  Petition  itfelf  is  not  entered  in  the  "Journals  :  But  thofe  Au- 
thorities mention  the  Prefentment  and  Reading  of  it  ;  and  that  Sir 
Robert  Barley,  Sir  John  Corbet,  Sir  John  hippefley,  Mr.  Buller,  Mr. 
Noble,  and  Sir  Edivard  Bainion,  were  appointed  to  give  vhe  Petitioners 
an  Anfwer  j  which  was  to  the  above  Effeft. 


372       We  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Ha,  19.  Car'.  I.  Upon  the  whole,  it  appears  to  have  been  with  fome 
1643.  Difficulty,  and  not  without  fome  Bloodfhed  alfo,  that 

*—  —  *  —  —  '  this  Mob  of  Female  Petitioners  was  filenced  and  dii- 
Auguft'  perfed. 


Ordinance  for  Avgujl  10.  The  Commons  fent  up  an  Ordinance 
prefling  of  Sol-  for  preffing  Soldiers,  throughout  the  Kingdom;  to 
diers.  which  the  Lords  agreed.  It  had  this  remarkable 

Preamble  : 

'  Forafmuch  as  the  true  Proteftant  Religion,  the 

*  Laws  and  Liberties  of  the  Subject  and  the  Parlia- 

*  ment,  are  in  Danger  to  be.  fubverted  ;  Idolatry 
'  and  Tyranny  like  to  be  introduced  by  Force  and 

*  Power  of  feveral  Armies,  railed   by  Pretence  of 
'  the  King's  Authority,  confiding  of  Papifts   and 

*  other  dangerous  and   ill-affedted  Perfons  of  this 
'  Kingdom,    Irijh   Rebels,    Popifh   Soldiers,    and 
'  others  of  foreign  Dominions  and  Nations,  noi  be- 

*  ing  under  the  King's  Obeyfance,  for  the  Ruin  and 
'  Deftrudion  of  this  Kingdom,  unlefs  the  fame  be 
'  prevented  by  a  confiderable  Power  of  Forces,  to  be 
'  fuddenly  raifed  by  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  be- 

*  ing,  with  God's  Bleffing  and  Afliftance,  the  moft 

*  probable  Way  to  prelerve  the  Kingdom,  our  Re- 

*  ligion  and  Liberty. 

*  Be  it  therefore  ordained,  &?<;.' 

Augujl  16.  A  Paflage  which  happened,  as  this 
Day,  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  is  expunged  in 
their  Journals,  as  appears  in  the  Margin,  by  an  Or- 
der made  January  6,  1645  ;  by  which  Means  this 
Affair  is  rendered  fo  dark  and  obfcure,  that  no- 
thing can  be  made  of  it  in  that  Authority.  We 
are  obliged  to  Mr.  Whitlocke  for  an  Explanation, 
who  tells  us,  *  That  one  Mr.  Saltmarjh,  a  Minifter, 
had  publifhed  a  Book,  in  which  were  thefe  bold  Po- 
fitions  : 

1.  «  That  all  Means  ihould  be  ufed  to  keep  the 
King  and  his  People  from  a  fudden  Union. 

2.  c  To  cherim  the  War.  under  the  Notion  of 
Popery,  as  the  furcft  Means  to  engage  the  People. 

3-  *  If 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         373 

3.  *  If  the  King  would  not  grant  their  Demands,  ^n.  19.  Car.  !« 
then  to  rout  him  out  and  the  Royal  Line,  and  to    t   l6*3' 
collate  the  Cro.wn  upon  fomebody  e'fe.  A^'uft  ^ 

'  This  ftrange  Doctrine  gave  OfFence,  fays  our 
Author,    to  fober  Men;    and   Sall?narfl}  was  fent 
for  and  examined,  before  the  Commons,  about  it  ; 
when  fome  Exceptions  being  taken  againft  it,  Mr. 
Henry  Martin  faid,  That  he  Jaw  no  Reafon  to  con- 
demn Mr.  Saltmarfh  ;  and  that  it  was  better  one  Fa- 
mily fhould  be  deftroyed  than  many.     Sir  Nevile  Poole 
moved,    That  Mr.  Martin  fhould  explain,  'What 
one  Family  he  meant;  who  boldly  anfwered,  The 
King  and  his  Children.     Upon  this  fome   Mem-  ^  J^J1*,, 
bers  urged  the  Height  and  Danger  of  thefe  Words,  the  Tower  f«r 
and   taxed  him  with   his  lewd  Life;    and,  many r«rilingtheKing 
fpeaking  very  fharply  againft  him,  he  was  com-  ^  Royal  Fa~ 
mitted  to  the  Tower :   But,  fhortly  after,  releafed, 
and  re- admitted  to  his  Seat  in  Parliament  V 

The  reft  of  the  Affairs  in  both  Houfes,  for  fe- 
veral  Days,  turned  chiefly  on  Ways  and  Means 
to  raife  more  Money  and  Men,  in  order  to  recruit 
and  pay  their  Armies;  the  Lord-General  -^^^The  Earl  of  £/*- 
complaining  again  very  heavily  for  Want  of  both./?*  requires  far- 
He  likewife  added,  That  his  Army  was  much  vifit-therSuPPJies'  . 
ed  with  Sicknefs ;  and  that  though  he  was  ready 
to  march,  yet  he  did  not  care  to  adventure  the 
Commonwealth  of  England  by  a  Battle,  in  fo  weak 
a  Condition,  £sV.  Upon  which  Advice  the  Par- 
liament thought  fit  to  difpatch  a  Committee  of  both 
Houfes  to  him,  on  the  nineteenth  of  this  Month, 
to  learn  particularly  his  Wants,  that  they  might  be 
fpeedily  redreffed.  This  Committee  returning,  re- 
ported, That  they  had  been  with  the  General,  and 
they  had  brought  him  to  agree  to  the  following  Pro- 
pofitions  : 

Fir  ft  *   *  That  his  Excellency  intends  to  begin 

his  March  in  three  Days  Time ;  and  that  about 

A  a  3  *  Twelve 

«  Upon  his  Petition  to  the  Houfe,  prefented  the  fecond  of  Sep- 
tember following,  he  was  ordered  to  be  forthwith  discharged,  with- 
out paying  auy  Fees  for  his  Impiifonrncat. 

Cotnmcr?  Journali* 


374      ffl*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  l.*  Twelve  o'Clock,  on  that  Day,   he  promifes  to 

l643-        «  draw  his  Army  up  to  their  Rendezvous  on  Houn- 

c.    ~*~*J    tjjgw.fjeat'.i  ;  whither  he  delires  the  Parliamenr  to 

Aagutt.       t  j-encj  Commiflioners  to  be   prefent  and  view  the 

*  Troops. 

'  Next)  Hedefired  the  City  would  fend  to  him  what 
c  Strength  they  could  poflibly  fpare,  as  had  been  pro- 
4  pofedto  him  by  the  Parliament.  He  approved  of  the 

*  Motion  that  a  Committee  of  both  Homes  nu-ht 
'  conftantly  attend  the  At  my. 

4  And,  lajlly-i  The  General  expe&ed  fuch  Supplies 

*  of  Money  as  might  enable  him  to  proceed  upon  his 
«  March.' 

Augujl  21.  The  Queen  of  Bohemia  had  hither- 
$o  lived  under  an  un'«3ppy  Pianet  j  and,  though 
the  Daughter  of  one  King,  Wife  to  another,  and 
Sifter  to  a  third,  was  now  reduced  almoft  to  beg 
her  Bread  of  the  Parliar.ent ;  for,  this  Day,  a 
lupplu  ating  Letter  from  her,  directed  to  the 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  was  read  in  thefe 
\\  ord* : 

My  Lord, 

The  Queen  of   ^1 N  C  E  my  la/I  to  you,  whereby  I  craved  the  Af- 
L.tt^itTn         $***"  °f  tbe  moft  ti^urable  Hsuje  of  Peers 
fom^Aikv^ncc; 'r»>'->f> '*-'/'  y°u  ar*  Speaker)  towards  the  Relief  of  tr.y 
fiomParliau-.ent.^; ffent  Nfcffijt''est   1  daily  find  my  Burden  growing 
heai1.'-  the  ij'f^er  their  Help  is  deferred ;  which  ma- 
keth 'nit  trouble  you  once  again  by  this  Bearer,  Crom- 
well my  Servant,  whom  1  fend  expreJJy  ever  about 
this  B    "nets  j  deft- ing  you  to  give  him  fuch  Credit 
an      .it  a  Is    as    my   Occasions'  may    therein   require. 
Hereby   I  entreat   you   to    reprefent  my  earnejl  Re- 
qnejt  tt   the  rro/i  Honourable  Hiufe,  if  they  would 
'     be   pua!c.i   to    grant    me    their  favourahle    Concur- 
.   in   this  Time  of  my   Need ;  whereby  I  way 
be  freed   *?th  from   my  pr 'effing  Wants ^    and  from 
ike    Mr/i'.iffs    which    thereupon   enfue.      I  have  no 
Caufe  to  doubt  lut  that   the   Lords,   under/landing 
tbe  Extremity  of  my  Cafe,  will  take  an  honourable 
Senfe   tbtrttf;    and  hajien,    on   their   Parts*    the 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       37$ 

Means  of  my  Supply  ;    wherecf  I  be/eecb  you  to  af-  An.  19.  Car.  I, 
fure  them  all  that  I  /hall  be  ever  fenfible,  and  re-        l6-3 

Your  moil  affectionate  Friend, 
Haghe,  June  29, 

i643  ELIZABETH. 

The  Lord?  ordered,  That  this  Letter  he  commu- 
nicated to  the  Commons,  and  to  defire  them  to  con- 
fider  how  the  Queen  might  be  fupplied  with  the  Al- 
lowance formerly  given  her  from  this  Kingdom,  as 
foon  as  they  could  find  .Means  to  do  it.  But  very 
little  was  done  in  this  Bufmefs. 

Many  Ordinances  now  croud  the  "Journals  of  the 
Lords,  all  concerning  Men  and  Money  to  fupport 
this  unnatural  War  ;  but  none  of  them  of  Confe- 
quence  enough  for  this  Hiftory.  The  King,  at  this 
Time,  as  has  been  faid,  was  every  where  victo- 
rious, and  his  own  Army  fo  ftrong,  that  the  Earl 
of  EJJex  durft  not  cope  with  him.  In  this  Situa- 
tion, the  King  and  his  Counfellors  are  greatly  bla- 
med, by  Hiftorians,  for  not  marching  directly  for 
London,  where  he  muft  have  either  taken  the  Place, 
or  forced  the  Earl  to  a  Battle  ;  either  of  which 
•would,  in  all  Probability,  have  ended  the  War : 
For,  at  this  Time,  fays  Wkitiockc,  «  The  Par- 
liament had  no  confiderable  Body  of  an  Army  to- 
gether, and  their  Party  in  fome  Diviiions  ;  but,  by 
the  Time  of  the  King's  March  and  Stay  at  Glou- 
cefter,  they  had  recruited  their  Army,  provided 
Money,  and  pieced  up  their  Difcontents  amongft 
themfelves  V  But  fuch  was  the  Unhappinefs  of 
the  Prince's  Fate,  that,  after  the  Surrender  of  Bri- 
ftol  to  his  Forces,  he  turned  afide  ;  and,  in  Per- 
ibn,  with  his  whole  Army,  laid  Siege  to  G/ou-Tht  Si^e  of 
cefter.  This  was  on  the  loth  of  Auguft,  and  thec/WM:^<r« 
Place  holding  out  refolutely,  it  took  the  King;  much 
more  Time  than  he  thought  of,  and  proved  fruitlefs 
in  the  Event. 

Mr. 

.•*.'•  «-'  Mcmariali,  p.  69,  Col  a. 


376     jfifc  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I.      M^.  RuJJiwortb  hath  left  us  a  Journal  of  this  fa- 
l643         mous  Siege  ;  and  other  Hiftorians,  of  thefe  Times, 
v— ~ v"7""1'    are  ver7  particular  in  their  Accounts  of  it.  To  them, 
u°u  '       therefore,  we  refer,    and   {hall  only  take  Notice, 
that  the  Parliament  thought  it  a  Place  of  fueh  Im- 
portance, as  occafioned  both  Houfes  to  make  an  Or- 
dinance, on  the  23d  of  this  Month,  to  authorize 
the  Committee  for  the  Militia  of  the  City  of  London^ 
to  order  fix  Regiments  of  Foot,  confifting  of  8000 
Men,  and  1500  Horfe,  to  march  immediately  for 
its  Relief. 

Auguft  27.  An  Ordinance  for  removing  fuper- 
ftitious  Images,  Crucifixes,  Altars  of  Stone,  &c. 
pailed  the  Lords,  which  had  been  formerly  fent  up 
by  the  Other  Houfe  :  It  ran  in  thefe  Words,  and 
with  which  we  fhall  conclude  the  Affairs  of  tMs 
Month. 

Ordinance  for    '  r  |^  H  E   Lords  and  Commons  in  Parliament, 
removing          «  taking  into  their  ferious  Confideration  how 

S?goutof          wel1    pleating 'it    's    to   God,    and    conduct-able 
Churches.          '  to   the   blefled  Reformation  in  his  Worfhip,  fa 

*  much   defired    by    both    Houfes   of   Parliament, 
'  that  all  the  Monuments  of  Superfliuon  or  Ido- 
'  latry  fliould  be  removed  and  demolifhed,   do  or- 

*  dain,  That  in   all  and  every  the  Churches  and 
'  Chapels,    as    well   Cathedral   and   Collegiate   as 
'  other   Churches    and   Chapels,    and   other   ufual 

*  Places  of  public  Prayer,  authorized  by  Law  with- 
e  in  this  Realm  of  England  and  Dominion  of  Wales, 

*  all  Altars  and  Tables  of  Stone  (hall,  before  the 
'  firft  Day  of  November,   1643,  be  utterly  taken 

*  away  and  demolifhed  :  And  alfo  all  Communion- 
'  Tables  removed  from  the  Eaft  End  of  every  fuch 
'  Church,  Chapel,  or  Place  of  public  Prayer,  and 

*  Chancel  of  the  fame  ;  and  fhall  be  placed  in  fome 

*  other  fit  and  convenient  Place  or  Places  of  the 
'  Body  of  the  faid  Church,  Chapel,  or  other  fuch 

*  Place  of  public  Prayer,    or  of  the  Body  of  the 

*  Chancel  of  every  fuch  Church,-  Chapel,  or  other 
«  fuch  Place  of  public  Prayer ;  And  that  all  Rails 

*  what- 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      377 

*  whatfoever,  which   have   been   ere&ed   near  to,  An,  19  Car.  I. 

*  before,  or  about  any  Altar  or  Communion-Ta-        1643. 

*  ble  in  any  of  the  faid  Churches   or  Chapels,  or    '•— — v-J 
«  other  fuch  Place  of  public  Prayer   as  aforefaid,       Aoguft. 
'{hall,    before  the   faid    Day,    be  likewife    taken    ' 

'  away ;  and  the  Chancel  Ground  of  every  fuch 

*  Church    or  Chapel,    or   oiher    Place  of  public 
'  Prayer  which  hath  been,   within  twenty  Years 

*  laft  paft,  raifed  for  any   Altar  or  Communion- 
'  Table  to  ftand  upon,  {hall,  before  the  faid  Day, 

*  be  laid  down,  and  levelled  as  the  fame  was  be- 
'  fore  the  faid   twenty  Years  laft  paft  :  And  that 
'  all  Tapers,  Candlefticks,  and  Bafons,  {hall,  be- 

*  fore  the  faid    Day,  be  removed  and  taken  away 

*  from  the  Communion-Table  in  every  fuch  Church, 

*  Chapel,   or  other  Place  of  public  Prayer;  and 

*  neither  the  fame,  nor  any  fuch  like,  {hall  be  ufed 
'  about  the  fame  at  any  Time  after  the  faid  Day : 

*  And  that  all  Crucifixes,  CrofTes,  and  all  Images 

*  and  Pictures  of  any  one  or  more  Perfons  of  the 
'  Trinity,  or  of  the  Virgin  Mary\  and  all  other 

*  Images  and   Pictures  of  Saints,  or   fuperftitious 
'  Infcriptions  in,  or  upon,  all  and  every  the  faid 

*  Churches  or  Chapels,  or  other  Places  of  public 

*  Prayer,  Church-Yards,  or   other  Places  to  any 

*  the  faid  Churches  and  Chapels,  or  other  Places 

*  of  public  Prayer,  belonging,  or  in  any  other  open 
c  Place,  {hall,  before  the  faid  firft  Day  of  November* 

*  be  taken  away  and  defaced  ;  and  none  of  the  like 

*  hereafter  permitted  in  any  fuch  Church  or  Chapel, 

*  or  other  Places  as  aforefaid. 

*  And  be  it  further  ordained,  That  all  and  every 

*  fuch  Removal  of  the  faid  Altars,  Tables  of  Stone, 

*  Communion-Tahles,  Tapers,   Candlefticks,  and 
'  Baforts,  Crucifixes  and  Crofles,  Images  and  Pic- 
'  tures  as  aforefaid,  taking  away  of  the  faid  Rails, 

*  levelling  the  faid   Grounds,  {hall    be   done   and 
'  performed  ;  and  the  Walls,  Windows,  Grounds, 

*  and  other  Places  which  {hall  be  broken,  impair- 

*  ed,  or  altered  by  any  the  Means  aforefaid,  {hall 
'  be   made   up  and   repaired   in  good  and  fufEcient 
?  Manner,  in  all  and  every  of  the  faid  Parifli  Churches 

*  or 


378       *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY"  • 

."  or   Chapels,    or    ufual    Places   of  public    Prayer 

*  belonging  to  any  Parilh,  by  the  Church- Warden 

*  or  ^.lurch-Wardens  of  every  fuch  Parifh  for  the 

•-.e   being  refpe£Vively  ;  and  in  any   Cathedral 

*  o     Collegiate  Church  or  Chapel,  by   the  Dean 

*  or  z-ib  Dean,  or  other  chief  Officer  of  every  fuch 
'  '      Teh  or  Chapel   for  the  Time  being  ;  and  in 

*  the   Lniverfities,  by  th«  feveral  Heads  and  Go- 

*  vernors  of  every  College  or  Hall  refpedively  ;  and 

*  in  the  feveral   Inns  of  Court,  by  the  Benchers 
'  and  Readers  of  every  of  the  fame  refpec^ively, 
e  at  the  Coft  and  Charges  of  all  and  every  fuch  Per- 
c  frn  or   Perfons,  Body  Politic   or  Corporate,  or 

*  Parifliioners  of  every  Parifh  rcfpe&ively,  to  whom 
e  the  Charge  of  the  Repair  of  any  fuch  Church, 
L  Chapel,  Chancel,  or  Place  of  public  Prayer,  doth 
'  or  fhall  belong. 

'  And  in  cafe  Default  be  made  in  any  of  the  Pre- 
c  mites,  by  any  of  the  Perfon  or  Perfons  thereunto 

*  appointed  by  this  Ordinance,  from  and  after  the 
«  faid  firft  Day  of  November ,  1643,  that  then  every 

*  fuch  Perfon  of  Perfons,  fo  making  Default,  fhall, 
4  tor  every  fuch  Neglect  or  Default  by  the  Space  of 

*  twenty  Days,  forfeit  and  lofe  forty  Shillings  to  the 
'  Ufe  of  the  Poor  of  the  laid  Parifh  wherein  fuch 
«  Default  {hall  be  made  ;  or  if  it  be  our  of  any  Pa- 
«  riih,  then  to  the  Ufe  of  the  Poor  of  fuch  Parifh 
c  whole  Church  is,  or  fhall  be,  neareft  to  the  Church 
'  or  Chapel,  or  other  Place  of  puolic  Prayer,  where 
«  fuch  Default  fhall  be  made  ;  and  if  Default  fhall 

*  be  made  after  the  fir  ft  Day  of  December,  1643  then 

*  any  one  Juftice  of  the  Peace  of  the  County,  City, 
'  or  Town,  where  fuch  Default  fhall  be  made,  up- 

*  on  Information  thereof  to  him  to  be  given,  fhall 
e  caufe  or  procure  the  Premifes  to  be  performed,  ac- 
6  cording  to  the  Tenor  of  this  Ordinance,  at  the 
'  Coft  and  Charges  of  fuch  Perfon  or  Perfons,  Bo- 
'  dies  Politic  or  Corporate,  or  Inhabitants  in  every 
'  Parifh,  who  are  appointed  by  this  Ordinance  to 

*  bear  the  fame. 

*  Provided   that   this  Ordinance,    or  any  thing 

*  therein  contained,  fhall  not  extend  to  any  Im?.£c, 


Of    ENGLAND.        379 

Pi/liK-      or  Coat  •of  Arms  in  Glafs,  Stone,  or-^n.  19.  Car, 

in  p.iiy  Church,  Chapel,  Church  \ 
or   "'  .    juulic  Pr"-'-:r  as  afoie>'rid,   it-   up. or 

ft  a  •>  •  oeptcitiocr* 

grav      .nly  foi  aMonumentol  any  :vi.i^,  ij  : 
or  Noi-leman,  or  other  ueav,         'on,   winch 
not  been  comrrmi'y  reputed  <-r  taken  tor -a  ^amc : 
But  that  all   iuch  In.a^cs,    i  <clures,    ami   (. 
of  Arms,  may  ftand   and  co-ninue  in  iUc  Man- 
ner and  Form,    as  it  this  Uidmauce  had  i. 
*  b^en  made  d.' 

Military  Orders  of  various  Kinds  continue  toSjr«^K  «,.£ 
be  made  by  both  Houfes,  at  the  Beginning  of  theandhis 
Month  of  September  ;  nor  is  there  any  Thing  el(e,™ined  L'?  "•• 
material  enough  for  our  Purpofe,  till  the  feventh  of  Com  IODS* 
this  Month  :  When  Sir  John  Hotham  was  brought 
to  the  Bar  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  by  Order, 
before  he  took  his  Trial ;  and  being  acquainted  by 
the  Speaker,  That  he  had  Liberty  to  fpeak  to  the 
Houfe  if  he  defired  it,  he  faid,  He  had  fome  Peti- 
tions to  prefent  to  them  ;  which  was,  That  his 
Lady  might  come  up  with  her  Coach  and  Horfes, 
Children,  Servants,  and  Evidences  ;  and  fome 
Ooods  and  Plate  he  had  left,  for  their  Mainte- 
nance. He  defired  alfo,  that  he  might  continue 
where  he  was  till  his  Trial :  He  proteited  his  own 
Innocency,  and  did  not  doubt,  when  he  knew  his 
Charge,  but  to  make  it  appear  as  clear  as  the  Sun. 
Being  demanded,  Whether  he  knew  of  any  Mem- 
bers of  that  Houfe,  or  of  the  Lords,  that  had  con- 
veyed any  Treafure  beyond  Seas  r  He  anfwered, 
He  knew  of  none,  if  he  were  to  die  that  Inftant. 
And  being  again  afked,  Whether  he  knew  that 
Mr.  Pymme  had  conveyed  any  Treafure  in  like 
Manner  ?  With  fome  Aftoniihment  he  afked,  If 
that  Queftion  was  afked  him  in  Earneft  ?  Protefted 
he  knew  nothing  of  it,  and  that  he  had  never  re^ 
ported  any  fuch  Thing. 

Then  the  Examination  taken  by  the  Committee, 
concerning  the  Cqrrefpondence  he  held  with  Lord 

Digby, 

A  This  Provifo  feems  to  have  been  founded  upon  the  Statute  of 
3  and  4  Edward  VI.  Cap.  12.  fir  defacing  of  Images  j  which  fee 
ia  our  Third  Volurne,  p,  254. 


380       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  19.  Car.  I.  Digby ,  was  read  to  him.  And,  being  demand- 
l643-  ed  by  the  Speaker,  Whether  it  was  true  or  not 
V""~V"T""'  which  he  had  there  exprefled  f  He  anfwered,  It 
eptem  r.  wag  tfue  .  Qnjy  jn  ^^  concerning  Sir  Hugh  Cholm- 
ley,  and  Keyes^  his  Son's  Servant,  were  fome  Mi- 
ftakes  :  For  when  Keyes  came  to  him  at  //a//, 
he,  wondering  to  fee  him,  faid,  How  the  Devil 
camejl  than  hither  ?• — How  couldjl  thou  come  through 
the  Queen's  Army  ?  and  that  was  all  he  (aid  to 
him.  Further,  he  faid,  the  Lord  Digby  did  fend 
a  Declaration  to  him,  to  publifh  to  the  World  his 
Reafons  for  his  turning;  to  his  Allegiance  to  the 
King  ;  but  he  tore  it  in  Pieces,  and  told  him,  That 
he  could  not  ferve  the  King,  till  he  had  fent  juft 
Propofitions  to  the  Parliament.  And  being  preffed 
by  the  Committee  to  anfwer  to  fome  farther  Que- 
ftions  about  Lord  Digby ,  he  faid,  He  was  not 
bound  to  accufe  himfelf  e ;  made  no  farther  An- 
fwer, and  confefTed  that  he  did  refufe  to  fign  this 
Examination.  After  this  the  Commons  proceeded 
to  expell  Sir  John  their  Houfe,  and  to  commit  him 
clofe  Prifoner  to  the  Tower. 

Sept.  8.  The  Son  of  this  unfortunate  Father  was 
likewife  brought  to  the  fame  Bar,  the  Serjeant 
ftanding  with  his  Mace  within  it,  when  the  Speaker 
told  him,  If  he  had  any  Thing  to  fay  the  Houfe 
would  hear  him.  Upon  which  he  made  a  long 
Narration  of  the  whole  Carriage  of  Affairs,  from 
the  firft  Time  he  took  Pofleffion  of  Hull,  to  that 
of  his  Commitment ;  acknowledging  he  had  com- 
mitted many  Errors  and  Offences,  but  nothing,  to 
betray  the  Truft  repofed  in  him  by  the  Parliament. 
Being  afked,  as  his  Father  had  been  before,  If  he 
could  tell  what  Monies,  Treafure,  or  other  Goods, 
the  Lord  Say,  Mr.  Pymme,  or  any  other  Mem- 
ber of  either  Houfe,  had  tranfported  beyond  Sea  ? 

He 

e  Lord  Clarenitn  gives  a  very  particular  Narrative  of  what  palled 
between  Lord  Digby  and  Sir  Jobn  Hoibam,  in  relation  to  a  Propof  1 
made  by  the  former  lor  the  Sujrrnder  of  Hull  to  the  King,  when  he 
v.'as  taken  Prifoner  in  Difguife,  on  board  the  Ship  Prvvidface. 

Clarendon,  Vol.  II.   p.  705. 

We  took  fome  Notice  of  this  Matter  in  our  Eleventh  Volume, 
p.  356  t  But  the  Whole  is  too  long  for  our  Purpofe. 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         381 

He  anfwered,  He  knew  of  none,  nor  ever  heard  of  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
any  that  knew  any  fuch  Thing. — Notwithftanding 
this  the  Commons  expelled  Captain  Hotham,  and 
remanded  him  ro  the  fame  Cuftody  he  was  before  ; 
but  ordered  that  a  Warrant  fhould  be  made  to  bring  They  are  expel 
up  both  their  Ladies,  Children,  Servants,  &c. 
his  Father  had  defired.  toPrifon. 

In  the  Courfe  of  thefe  Examinations,  the  Reader 
may  obferve  that  Mr.  Pymme  is  mentioned,  alongA  charge  againft 
with  others,  as  charged  with  fome  indirect  Prac-Mr.  Pymme  for 
tices.  To  do  Juftice  to  the  Memory  of  that  greatindirea  Prac- 
Man,  on  the  fame  Day  Sir  Edward  Bainton^  atlces* 
Member  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  was  fent  for, 
charged  with  faying,  That  the  Lord  Say  and  Mr. 
Pymme  had  betrayed  the  Weft  and  North.  And  be- 
ing demanded,  Whether  he  had  fpoke  thofe  Words 
charged  upon  him  ?  Anfwered,  He  did  not  fpeak 
them  as  they  were  there  laid  down.  Being  then 
demanded,  What  he  had  fpoken  to  that  Purpofe  ? 
Anfwered,  That  he  had  learned,  fmce  he  had  fat 
here,  that  he  ought  not  to  fpeak  any  Thing  here 
that  reflected  to  the  Prejudice  of  another  Member  ; 
and  therefore  defired  to  be  excufed,  unlefs  he  were 
enjoined  and  commanded.  Whereupon  he  was 
enjoined  to  fpeak  the  whole  Truth :  And  then  he 
faid,  That  he  did  not  fay  that  Mr.  Pymme  had 
betrayed  the  Weft,  but  that  he  had  betrayed  his 
County ;  which  he  did,  by  being  a  Means  of  de- 
taining him  in  Prifon,  who  only  was  able  to  main- 
tain and  preferve  that  County,  till  the  faid  County 
was  quite  loft,  notwithstanding  many  Orders  made 
for  his  bringing  up  f :  As  for  betraying  the  North, 
he  knew  nothing  more  of  that  than  he  had  heard 
in  the  Houfe,  which  founded  bad  enough,  viz. 
That  the  Offer  of  the  Lord  Savile  and  Sir  Wil- 
liam 

f  This  Pafiage  runs  thus  in  the  Commons'  Journals : Probably 

Wiltjhire  is  intended,  where  Sir  Ediuard  Baintcn  was  a  Deputy-Lieu- 
tenant of  the  Militia  ;  and  had  been  fo  a£live  in  the  Parliament's  Ser- 
vice as  to  be  particularly  mentioned  in  the  King's  Declaration,  on  Oc- 
cafion  of  the  Parliament's  Ordinances  for  laying  an  Afleflment  j  which 
we  have  aiieady  given  in  this  Volume,  p,  65, 


Parliamentary  HISTORV 

An.  ig.  Car.  1. Ham   Savile^    to   deliver  up»    to  the   Parliament's 

t \     *'        Forces,  York  and  that  whole  County,  if  they  might 

September.  not  ^e  P:ejud'ce^  'n  their  Perforis  and  Eftates,  was 
prevented.  Adding,  That  he  had  heard  it  laid 
and  affirmed,  with  folemn  and  deep  Oaths  and  Pro- 
teftations,  That  the  Lord  Cottingtcn  had  treated 
•with  his  Majefty  for  the  Pardon  of  the  Lord  Say 
and  Mr.  Pymme ;  and  that  if  they  had  had  the 
Preferments  they  expe&ed^  we  had  not  been  brought 
to  the  Condition  we  now  are  in.  Being  demanded 
from  whom  he  heard  this,  anfwered,  It  was  from 
the  Lord  Grandifon's  Brother,  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Brett)  and  Serjeant- Major  Juques,  all  Officers  in 
the  King's  Army,  and  Prifoners  with  him  at  Clou- 
cejler. 

Which  theCoro-  Mr.  Pymme,  in  Anfwer  to  this  Charge,  protefled 
mons  vote  to  befolemnly,  That  he  never  had  Intercourfe  with  the 
£^aDdfcanda-Lord  Cottingtony  by  one  Means  or  other,  fmce  the 
Difference  between  the  King  and  Parliament :  That 
he  never  received  but  two  MefTages  from  him  fmce 
this  Parliament  began  ;  the  one  was  by  Sir  Arthur 
Ingram^  long  before  he  died  ;  the  other  by  Sir 
Benjamin  Rudyard. Upon  the  whole,  the  Com- 
mons voted  the  Charge  laid  upon  Mr.  Pymmc  by 
Sir  Edward  Bainton,  to  be  falfe  and  fcandalous  ; 
and  that  the  faid  Sir  Edward  fhould  be  forthwith 
fent  to  the  Tower,  there  to  remain  a  Prifoner  du- 
ling  the  Pleafure  of  the  Houfe.  But,  foon  after, 
the  Queftion  being  put,  Whether  Sir  Edward  Bain- 
ton  fhould  be  now  called  to  the  Bar,  and  from 
thence  fent  to  the  Tower,  the  Houfe  divided  into 
20  Yeas  and  40  Noes  ;  fo  it  patted  in  the  Nega- 
tive.  Howibever  this  laft  Charge  againft  Mr. 

Pyn.me  may  be  true  or  falfe,  Mr.  ll/hitlocke  has  in- 
finuated,  in  his  Account  of  the  Beginning  of  thefe 
Troubles,  *  That  the  Earl  ofStrafforeTs  Profecution 
might  have  been  flopped,  and  the  King's  Enemies 
have  become  his  Friends,  if  fome  particular  Per- 
fons  had  been  gratified  in  their  Expectations  and 
Defires  ;  amongft  whom  he  names  Mr.  Pymme  to 
have  been  defigned  for  Chancellor  of  the  Exche- 


Of    ENGLAND.       383 

quer  g-     But  it  is  very  ftrange  that  neither  this  An.  19.  Car,  I, 
Memorialift,  nor   Mr.   Rujhwortb,  nor  even  Lord 
Clarendon  himfelf,  make  any  Mention  of  this  Ac- 
cufation. 

.  Sept.  9.  The  Reader  muft  remember,  that,  on 
the  famous  Affair  of  Ship  Money,  moft  of  the 
Judges  who  had  given  the  King  their  Opinions  for 
the  Legality  of  it,  were  committed,  fome  to  the 
Tower,  others  elfewhere.  Amongft  thefe,  Sir  Ro-  „,,•„„„ 

•nil  /•     L       T/i-ru       v      »      The  Proceedings 

bert  Berkeley^  one  of  the  Juftices  of  the   King  s-  agajnft  judge 
Bench,  had  been  long  a  Prifoner  in  the  Tower,  and  Berkeley  for  his 
his  Trial  put  off  de  Die  in  Diem,  for  many  Months  Opinion,  in  rela- 

i         i  -11    i  •    r»  L       •  l'°n  to  Ship- 

together,    till  this  Day;  when  it  came  on  peremp-  Money}  rcvjvca. 

torily  before  the  Houfe  of  Lords  ;  a  Committee  of 
the  Commons  being  at  the  Bar  to  manage  the  Evi- 
dence againft  him,  concerning  fo  much  of  theCharge 
as  refpecled  Ship-Money  only,  and  the  Opinions  of 
the  Judges  thereupon. 

Then,  by  the  Direction  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords, 
the  Gentleman-Ufher  of  the  Black-Rod  brought 
Mr.  Juftice  Berkeley  to  the  Bar  ;  where,  after  he 
had  kneeled  as  a  Delinquent,  and  being  commanded 
by  the  Speaker  to  ftand  up,  the  Committee  pro- 
ceeded in  the  Charge  :  But  firft  acquainted  the 
Lords,  That  whereas  the  Commons  had  impeach- 
ed Mr.  Juftice  Berkeley^  and  brought  up  divers 
Articles  againft  him,  they  intended  to  proceed  only 
upon  the  Fourth,  Fifth,  and  Sixth,  which  concerned 
Ship-Money  h. 

Then  the  Lords  commanded  the  faid  Articles  to 
be  read,  viz. 

IV.  That  the  faid  Sir  Robert  Berkeley^  then  being 
'  one  of  the  Juftices  of  the  Court  of  King's  Bench, 

*  and  having  taken  an  Oath  for  the  due  AJminiftra-  ' 

*  tion  of  Juftice,    according  to  the  Laws  of  this 

Realm, 

?  Memorials,  p.  39. 

h  In  the  Proceedings  of  July  6,  1641,  we  took  Notice  of  Arti- 
cles of  Impeachment  being  exhibited  againft  Sir  Robert  Berkeley  and 
other  Judges.  Thefe  we  pafled  over  with  a  Reference  to  RuJb-J 
•worth,  Na/fon,  and  the  State  Trials  :  But  the  Proceedings,  and  Sen- 
tence in  Confequence  of  this  Impeachment,  are  omitted  in  all  thofe 
Collections, 


384       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  ig.  Car.  i.«  Realm,  to  his  Majefty's  liege  People,  did,  on  the 
c  laft  Day  of  November,  1635,  fabfcribe  an  Opinion, 


1  am  of  Opinion  that,  where  the  Benefit  doth  more 
particularly  redound  to  the  Good  of  the  Ports,  or  ma- 
rine Parts,  as  in  the  Cafe  of  Piracy  or  Depredations 
upon  the  Seas,  there  the  Charge  hath  been,  and  may 
be,  lawfully  impofed  upon  them  according  to  Prece- 
dents of  former  Times  :  So  where  the  Safety  and  Good 
of  the  Kingdom  in  general  is  concerned,  and  the  whole 
Kingdom  in  Danger,  of  which  his  Majejly  is  the  only 
Ju-ige,  there  the  Charge  of  the  Defence  ought  to  be 
borne  by  all  The  Realm  in  general.  This  I  hold  agree- 
able both  to  Law  and  Reafcn. 

V.  *  That  the  faid  Sir  Robert  Berkeley,  being  one 
'  of  the  Juftices  of  the  Court  of  King's-Bench,  and 
'  duly  fworn  as  aforefaid.  did,  in  February  1636, 

*  fubfcribe  an  extrajudicial  Opinion  in   an.  Anfwer 
'  to  Queftions  in  a  Letter  from  his  Majefty  ;  which 

*  was  to  this  Effect : 

CHARLES  R. 
c  \\T  H  E  N  the  Good  and  Safety  of  the  King- 

*  VV     dom   in   general   is  concerned,  and   the 
6  whole  Kingdom  in  Danger,    whether  may  pot 
c  the  King,  by  Writ  under  the  Great  Seal  of  Eng- 

*  land,  command  all  the  Subjects  of  this  Kingdom, 

*  at  their  Charge,  to  provide  and  furnifli  fuch  Num- 
'  ber  of  Ships  with  Men,  Viduals,  and  Ammu- 

*  nition,  and  for  fuch  Time  as  he  mail  think  fit, 

*  for  the  Defence  and  Safeguard  of  the  Kingdom 
'  from  fuch  Danger  and  Peril  ;  and,  by  Law,  com- 

*  pell  the  doing  thereof  in  cafe  of  Refufal  or  Refrac- 
'  torinefs  ;  and  whether,  in  fuch  Cafe,  is  not  the 
'  King  the  fole  Judge  both  of  the  Danger,  and  how, 
4  and  when,  the  fame  is  to  be  prevented  and  avoid - 
«  ed  ?' 

May  it  pleafe  your  Moft  Excellent  Majefty, 
TT/'jE  have,  according  to  your  Majefty  s  Command, 
federally,  every  Man  by  him j elf,  and  all  of  us 
together ',  taken  Into  ferious  Confideration  the  Cafe  and 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       385 

^uejlion  figned  by  your  Majejly,  and  inclofed  in  your  An,  19.  Car.  I. 
Royal  Letter ;  and  are  of  Opinion,  That  when  the        l643- 
Good  and  Safety  of  the  Kingdom  in  general  is  concern-    Vr"~"VT"""'i 
ed,  and  the  whole  Kingdom  in  Danger ;  your  Majejly      ep  em  CT" 
may,  by  Writ  under  the  Great  Seal  of  England,  com- 
mand all  the  Subjeffs  of  this  your  Kingdom,  at  their 
Charge,  to  provide  and  furnijh  fuch  Number  of  Ships% 
with  Men,  Vifiuals,  and  Munition,  and  for  fuch  Time 
as  your  Majejly  Jhall  think  fit,  for  ihe  Defence  and 
Safeguard  of  the  Kingdom  from  fuch  Danger  and 
Peril ;  and  that,  by  Law,  your  Majefty  may  compcll 
the  doing  thereof  in  cafe  of  Refufal  or  Refrattorinefs  : 
And  we  are  a/Jo  of  Opinion,  That,  in  fuch  Cafe,  your 
MajeJJy  is  the  fole  Judge  both  of  the  Danger,  and 
when  and  how  the  fame  is  to  be  prevented  and  avoided* 

JOHN  BRAMSTON,  FRANCIS  CRAWLEY, 

JOHN  FINCH,  JOHN  DENHAM, 

HUM.  DAVENPORT,  WILLIAM  JONES, 

RICHARD  HUTTON,  THOMAS  TREVOR, 

GEORGE  CROOKE,  ROBERT  BERKELEY, 

GEORGE  VERNON,  RICHARD  WESTON. 

VI.  <  That  the  faid  Robert  Berkeley,  then  being 

*  one  of  the  Juftices  of  the  Court  of  King's  Bench, 

*  and  duly  (worn  as  aforefaid,  did  [on  the  loth  of 
<  February,   13°  Car.  1637]  deliver  his  Opinion  in 

*  the  Exchequer-Chamber  againft  John  Hampden, 

*  Efq;  in  the  Cafe  of  Ship- Money,  That  he  the 

*  faid   John  Hampden,  upon  the  Matter  and  Sub- 
'  fiance  of  the  Cafe,  was  chargeable  with  the  Mo- 
'  ney  then  in  Queftion  :    A  Copy  of  which  Pro- 

*  ceedings  and    Judgment  the  Commons,    in  this 

*  prefent  Parliament,  have  delivered  to  your  Lord- 
e  {hips.* 

Then  Mr.  Maynard,  one  of  the  Committee,  de- 
fired  that  Mr.  Juftice  Berkeley  might  have  this  Que- 
ftion put  to  him,  Whether  he  did  give  his  Opinion, 
and  fubfcribe  the  faid  Opinion  ? 

Mr.  Juftice  Berkeley  defired  Leave  of  the  Houfe, 
that  he  rriight  have  Liberty  firft  to  make  a  Protefta- 

VOL.  XII.  B  b  tion 


386     ^he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13.  Car.  l.tion  before  he  fpeaks  any  Thing  of  the  Matter.  The 
1643.        Lords  gave  him  Leave  to  do  it ;  and  then  he  faid, 
I-  !-»-  -^  He  cannot  but  take  Notice  of  the  fupreme  and  un- 
September,     queftionable  Votes  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament  con- 
cerning the  Judgment  againft  Ship-Money,  to  which 
Votes  he  humbly  fubmiis  j  and  againft  which  he  will 
not  fpeak  one  Syllable. 

Then  he  confefled  that  about  HilaryTtrm^  1 1  °  Ca- 
roli,  the  Lord  Chief  Juftice  Finch  came  to  his  Cham- 
ber at  Serjeants-Inn,  and  told  him  he  had  a  Cafe 
to  deliver  to  him  from  the  King,  and  he  was  to 
deliver  his  Opinion  in  it.  He  confefled  he  read 
and  confidered  of  it,  and  he  did  fubfcribe  to  the 
Opinion  now  read,  and  he  fubfcribed  to  it  as  his 
Opinion,  according  as  he  then  thought  the  Law  to 
be. 

Next  he  was  afked,  Whether  the  reft  of  the 
Judges  did  not  fubfcribe  the  fame  Opinion  as  it  is 
charged  ? 

He  anfwered,  That  on  the  fixth  of  February  the 
Lord  Chief  Juftice  ferampfton  fent  to  all  the  Judges 
to  meet  at  Serjeants-Inn ;  •  and  there  acquainted 
them,  that  he  had  received  a  Letter  from  the  King 
and  a  Cafe  inclofed,  which  he  was  to  communicate 
as  from  him,  and  that  his  Majefty  required  them 
to  fubfcribe  their  Opinions  ;  that  the  faid  Cafe  and 
Letter  was  read,  being  the  very  fame  as  in  the 
Charge ;  and  that,  upon  Confederation,  it  was  car- 
ried by  the  Major  Part;  and  all  the  Judges  fubfcrib'd 
the  fame  as  their  Opinion. 

Then  being  afked,  Whether  he  delivered  his 
Opinion,  in  the  Judgment,  in  Mr.  Hampden's  Cafe, 
as  'tis  charged  in  the  Impeachment,  which  was  for 
levying  of  Money  ?  He  confefled,  That,  by  Mr. 
Hampden's  Plea  of  Demurrer,  he  conceived  that 
Mr.  Hampden  had  confefled  the  Neceflity  that  Salus 
Reipublicts  periclitabatur :  And  he  gave  Judgment 
therein  as  he  conceived  then  the  Law  to  be ;  but 
that  he  is  now  enlightened  by  the  Votes  of  both 
Houfes  of  Parliament  fince  made  ;  and  that  he  did 
not  do  any  Thing  out  of  Malice,  but  out  of  Error 
of  Opinion. 

Mr. 


Of   ENGLAND.        387 

Mr.  Maynard  and  the  reft  of  the  Committee  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
concluded  with  afhortReply,  by  Way  of  Aggrava-        *643- 
tion,  That  the  Judgment  was  for  Money,  though  LS'^"~  — ' 
the  Opinion  was  not :  That  the  Judgment  in  Mr; 
Hampden's  Cafe  was  extrajudicial,  and  the  Judges 
had  no  Cognizance  of  it ;  but  they  ought  to  have 
refufed  any  Judgment  in  it :  That  being  fo  great  a 
Concernment  to  the  Commonwealth,  it  was  a  Crime 
done  to  the  whole  Commonwealth,  contrary  to  the 
Liberty  of  the  SubjecT:,  destructive  to  the  Privileges 
of  Parliament,  and  to  the  Petition  of  Right,  and  the 
Laws  of  this  Kingdom. 

The  Committee  added,  That  this  Judgment  was 
contrary  to  his  Oath  as  a  Judge,  being  fworn  to 
do  equal  Right,  and  to  give  Counfel  between  the 
King  and  the  Subject,  according  to  Law,  as  18  Ed- 
ward III.  Parliament-Roll :  That  this  Crime  was 
more  than  an  Error  of  Judgment,  though  Judges 
have  been  queftioned  and  judged  in  Parliament  not 
only  for  fane  Judgment,  but  alfo  for  Error  of  Opi- 
nion. 

And  concluded  with  a  Defire,  That  the  Matter 
of  Fact  being  confefled,  their  Lordfhips  would  pleafe 
to  take  the  whole  into  Confideration,  and  inflict 
fuch  exemplary  Puniihment  as  their  Lordfhips,  in 
their  great  Wifdom,  fhould  think  fit. 

Sept.  12.  The  Lords  proceeded  to  Sentence 
againft  Sir  Robert  Berkeley ;  and  having  previoufly 
found  him  guilty  of  the  Charge  in  the  three  fore- 
going Articles  againft  him,  that  High  Court  did 
award  and  adjudge, 

I.  That  the  faid  Sir  Robert  Berkeley,  Knt.  Jkall^z  Lords  pro- 
le  fined  in   the  Sum  of  20,000 1.  to  be  paid  in  «'"°^ft£ten** 
Guildhall,  London,  to  be  difpofed  of  by  the  Autho-*^ 
rity  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  for  the  Safety  of 
the  Kingdom.      'And  If  It  Jhall  not  be  paid  and  fatis- 
fied  within  Jix   Weeks  next   after  the  Date  of  this 
Judgment  y  other  Courfe  Jhall  be  taken  for  levying  the 
fame. 

1 L    That    he  be  hereby  discharged  from  being  a 

*fudge  in  the  Court  of  King's  Bench  j  made  incapable 

B  b  2  of 


388       The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

of  any  Honour,  or  to  hold  any  Place  or  Office  in  the 
State  or  Commonwealth  for  the  future. 

III.  That  he  Jhall  be  imprifoned  in  the  Tower  of 
September.     Lont}orij  during  the  Pleafure  of  this  Hottfe  a. 

At  this  Time  it  was  that  the  Scots  fent  over 
Commiflioners  from  the  General  Aflembly  of  the 
Kirk  of  Scotland,  with  fome  Proportions  to  be  pre- 
fented  to  the  Englljh  Parliament.  Thefe  Commif- 
fioners  were  fome  Noblemen  and  others,  called  Ru- 
ling Elders,  with  Minifters,  &c.  who  delivered  their 
Credentials  to  a  Committee  of  both  Houfes  ap- 
pointed for  that  Purpofe.  There  had  been  a  De- 
claration of  Parliament,  fent  fome  Time  before  into 
Scotland,  concerning  Religious  Matters,  to  which 
thefe  Commiflioners  brought  the  following  Anfwer  : 

The  ANSWER  of  the  General  A ffemlly  of  the  Church 
of  Scotland,  to  the  DECLARATION  of  the  Ho- 
nourable Houfes  of  Parliament  in  England. 

The  Commif-  '  T^  H  E  General  Aflembly  of  the  Church  of 
fioners  from  the  <  Scotland,  having  received  a  Declaration 

2eSLa£S*  from  the  Honourable  Houfes  of  the  Parliament  of 
of  ^Scotland™™- l  England,  by  their  Commiflioners  now  refiding 
pofe  their  Solemn  *  here,  hath  thought  good  to  make  known  unto  the 
tSSt  tondthCe°~'  Lords  and  Commons  in  Parliament,  That  all  the 
Parliament  of  '  Members  of  this  Aflembly,  and  others  well-af- 
England.  <  fe&ed  here,  do,  with  moft  Thankfulnefs,  take 

'  fpecial  Notice  of  the  Expreflions  which  they  have 

*  been  pleafed  to  make  in  the  forementioned  Decla- 

*  ration  ;  not  only  concerning  their  Approbation  of 
'  the  Defires  and  Endeavours  of  the  General  Af- 

*  fembly  of  the  Church  of  Scotland  for  the  Refor- 

*  mation  of  the  Church  of  England,  and  the  Union 

*  of  both  Churches  in  Religion   and  Church -Go- 
'  vernment ;  but   alfo   concerning    the    Resolution 
4  of  both  Houfes  fully  to  concur  with  them  in  thofe 

*  pious 

a  Lord  Clarendtn  obferve?,  That  there  were  only  ten  Peers  prefent 
at  the  palling  of  this  Sentence:  And  that  Sir  Robert  Berkeley  was 
abated  one  Half  of  the  Fine,  and  had  his  Liberty,  upon  prefent  Pay- 
ment of  the  other  to  the  Petfons  appointed  by  the  Parliament  to  re- 
ceive it. This  laft  Circumltjnce  is  confirmed  by  Mr( 

at  before  eblcrvcd  in  our  Tenth  Volume,  p.  is, 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       389 

*  pious  Intentions.  With  the  fame  Thankfulnefs  and  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
'  due  Reverence  they  acknowledge  the  high  Re-        j^4j'     . 

*  fpects  exprefled  towards  them  by  both  Houfes,  in    Se  Member 
4  directing  unto  them  their  Commifiioners  affifted 

'  by  two  Reverend  Divines ;  and  in  defiring  fome  of 

*  the  Godly  and  Learned  of  this  Church  to  be  fent 

*  unto  the  AfTembly  fitting  there. 

'  The  AfTembly  doth  blefs  the  Lord,  who  hath 
c  not  only  infpired  the  Houfes  of  Parliament  with 
'  Defires  and  Refolutions  of  the  Reformation  of  Re- 
'  ligion,  but  hath  advanced,  by  feveral  Steps  and 
'  Degrees,  that  bleffed  Work ;  by  which,  as  they 

*  ftiall  mod  approve  themfelves  to  the  Reformed 
c  Churches  and  to  their  Brethren  abroad,  fo  fliall 
'  they  moft  powerfully  draw  down  from  Heaven  the 
'  Blefling  of  Profperity  and  Peace  upon  England.  And 

*  as  it  is  the  earneft  Wifti  of  their  Brethren  here, 
'  that  the  true  State  and  Ground  of  the  prefent  Dif- 
'  ferences  and  Controverfies  in  England  may  be  more 

*  and  more  cleared  concerning  Religion  ;  'and  that 
'  both  Houfes  may  incefTantly  profecute  that  good 

*  Work  firft  and  above  all  other  Matters,  giving  no 
'  Sleep  nor  Slumber  to  their  Eye-lids^  until/  they  find 

*  out  a  Place  for  the  Lord^  an  Habitation  for  the 

*  mighty  God  of  Jacob,   whofe  Favour  alone  can 
'  make  their  Mountain  ftrong,  and  whofe  Prefence, 
6  in  his  own  Ordinances,  {hall  be  their  Glory  in  the 

*  Midlt  of  them  :  So  it  is  our  Confidence  that  the 
c  begun  Reformation  is  of  God,  and  not  of  Man  ; 
6  that  it  ftiall  increafe,  and  not  decreafe,  thro'  his 
'  Help,  to  whom  nothing  is  too  hard  ;  who  can 
4  make  Mountains  Valleys,  crooked  Things  ftreight, 
'  and  rough  Ways  fmooth  ;  and  ftiall  lead  along, 

*  and   make   perfect,  this  moft  wonderful  Work, 
'  which  ftiall  be  remembered  to  his  Glory,  in  the 
'  Church,  throughout  all  Generations. 

*  And  left,  through  any  Defect  upon  the  General 
'  Aflembly's  Part,  the  Work  of  Reformation,  which 
«  hitherto,  to  the  great  Grief  of  all  the  Godly,  hath 
'  moved  fo  flowly,  fhould  be  any  more  retarded  or 
'  interrupted,  they  have,  accordin^  to  the  renewed 
B  b  3  De- 


390     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An/ 19.  Car.  I<  *  Defires  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  their 

1643.        «  own  former  Promifes,  nominated  and  elected  Mr. 

*7**V7*"*'  c  Alexander  Henderfon^  Mr.  Robfrt  Douglas,  Mr. 

September.      <  ^^  Rutberfor^  Mr>  £,^r/  £^7^   and  Mr. 

<  £;0r££  Gillejpie,  Minifters  of  God's  Word  ;  Jfi£« 

<  Earl  of  Caflels,  John  Lord  Mai t land,  Sir  jfrflfe;- 

<  foA/  Jobnfton   of  IVarrifan*  Ruling  Eiders,  (all 
«  of  them  Men  much  approved  here)  with  Commif- 
«  fion  and  Power  to  them,  or  any  three  of  them, 
«  whereof  two  (hall  be  Minifters,  to  repair  unto  the 

*  Aflembly  of  Divines,  and  others  of  the  Church  of 

*  England^  now  fitting  at  Weftminjler^  to  propound, 

*  confult,  treat,  and  conclude  with  them,  and  with, 
e  any  Commiffioners  deputed  by  the  Houfes  of  Par- 
c  liament,  if  it  {hall  feem  good  to  the  Honourable 
c  Houfes,  in  their  Wifdom,  to  depute  any  for  that 

*  End,  in  all  fuch  Things  as  may  conduce-to  the  ut- 

*  ter  Extirpation  of  Popery,  Prelacy,  Herefy,  Schifm , 

*  Superftition,  and  Idolatry ;  and  for  the  fettling  of 

*  the  fo-much-defired  Union  of  this  whole  Ifland  in 

*  one  Form  of  Church-Government,  one  Confeffioti 
'  of  Faith,  one  Common  Catechifm,  and  one  Direc- 

*  tory  for  the  Worfhip  of  God,  according  to  the  In- 
'  ftr unions  which  they  have  received,  or  (hall  re- 

*  ceive,  from  the  CommiHioners  of  the  General  Af- 

*  fembly  appointed  to  meet  at  Edinburgh t  from  Time 

*  to  Time,  with  the  Afiembly's  Power  to  that  End. 
«  And  as  the  General  Aflembly  doth  moft  gladly 
6  and  affectionately  receive,    and   fully  truft,    the 

*  Commiffioners  and  Divines  fent  hither ;  fo  do  they 

*  hereby  commend  the  aforenamed  Commiffioners 
'  not  only  to  the  like  Affedtion  and  Truft  of  the 
'  Aflembly  there,  but  alfo  to  the  Favour  and  Pro- 
'  teclion  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament. 

'  And  for  the  further  Satisfaction  and  Encourage- 
'  mem  of  their  Brethren  of  England^  the  whole  Af- 
c  fembly,  in  their  own  Name,  and  in  the  Name  of 
c  all  the  particular  Churches  in  this  Kingdom  whom 
4  they  reprefent,  do  hereby  declare,  That,  from 
4  their  Zeal  to  the  Glory  of  God  and  Propagation 
fi  of  the  Gofpel,  from  their  Affection  to  the  Hap- 

'  pinefs 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        391    - 

c  pinefs  of  their  Native  King  and  of  the  Kingdom  An.  19.  Car.  I. 

*  of  England,  and  from  the  Senfe  of  their  own  In-         l6*—  _) 

*  tereft  in  the  common  Dangers  of  Religion,  Peace,     September. 
'  and  Liberty,  they  are  moft  willing  and  ready  to 

'  be  united  and  affociated  with  their  Brethren  in  a 
'  nearer  League  and  Solemn  Covenant,  for  the 
'  Maintenance  of  the  truly  Reformed  Proteftant 

*  Religion,  againft  Popery  and  Prelacy,  and,  againft 
«  all  Popifti  and  Prelatical  Corruptions  in  Doctrine, 
'  Discipline,  Worfhip,  or  Church-Government;  and 

*  for  the   fettling  and  holding  faft  of  Unity   and 
4  Uniformity  of  Religion,  betwixt  the  Churches  of 
'  this  Ifland  and  with  the  beft  Reformed  Churches 
'  beyond  the  Sea ;  which  Union  and  Covenant  dial}, 
6  by  God's  Affiftance,  be  feconded  by  your  co-opera- 
'  ting  with  their  Brethren  in  the  Ufe  of  the  beft  and 
'  moft  effectual  Means  that  may  ferve  for  fo  good 

*  Ends  :   For  the  more  fpeedy  effecting  whereof, 
'  to  the  Comfort  and  Enlargement  of  their  diftreffed 
'  Brethren,  whofe  Hope  deferred  might  make  their 

*  Hearts  to  faint,  the  whole  Affembly,  with  great 
'  Unanimity  of  Judgment,  and  Expreffions  of  much 
6  Affection,  have  approved,  for  their  Part,  fuch  a 

*  Draught  and  Form  of  a  mutual  League  and  Cove- 
'  nant  betwixt  the  Kingdoms,  as  was  the  Refult  of 

*  the  joint  Debates  and  Confultations  of  the  Com- 

*  miflioners  from  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  aflift- 

*  ed  by  the  two  Reverend  Divines  and  the  Com- 

*  miflicners    deputed   from  the  Convention  of  the 

*  Eftates  of  this  Kingdom,  and  from  the  General 

*  Affembly ;  expecting  and  wifhing  the  like  Appro- 
'  bation  thereof  by  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lords 
'  and  Commons  in  Parliament,  and  by  the" Reverend 
'  Affembly  there,  that  thereafter  it  may  be  folemnly 
'  fworn  and  fubicribed  by  both  Kingdoms  ;  as  the 

*  fureft  and  ftricleft  Obligation  to  make  both  ftand 
«  and  fall  together,  in  the  Caufe  of  Religion  and 

*  Liberty. 

*  And  as  the  States  of  this  Ki  ngdom  have  often  pro - 
<  feffed,  in  their  former  Declarations,  the  Integri- 

*  ty  of  their  Intentions  againft  the  common  Ene- 

'  mics 


392     The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  19.  Car.  I. «  mies  of  Religion  and  Liberty  in  both  Kingdoms* 

.     i54.l     i  '  and  their  great  AfFe&ions  to   their  Brethren  of 

September.     *  England^  by  reafon  of  fo  many  and  fo  near  Re- 

«  lations  ;  fo  doubtlefs,  in  this  Time  of  Need,  they 

«  will  not  fail  to  give  real  Proof  of  what  before  they 

*  profefied  :  A  Friend  loveth  at  all  Times,  and  a 
«  Brother  is  born  for  Advcrfiiy.     Neither  mall  the 
<  Aflembly,  nor  their  Commiffioners,  be  wanting 

*  in  exhorting  all  others  to  their  Duty,  or  in  con- 

*  curring,  fo    far  as  belongeth  to  their  Place  and 
'  Vocation,  with  the  States  now  convened,  in  any 
'  lawful  and  poffible  Courfe  which  may  moft  con- 
'  duce  to  the  Good  of  Religion  and  Reformation, 

*  the  Honour  and  Happinefs  of  the  King's  Majefty, 
'  the  Deliverance  of  their  Brethren  of  England  from 

*  their  prefent  calamitous  Condition,    and  to  the 

*  perpetuating  a  firm  and  happy  Peace  betwixt  the 

*  Kingdoms.' 

Both  Houfes  ordered  this  Anfwer  to  be  fent  to  the 
Aflembly  of  Divines  at  Weftminfier. 

An  Order  agalnft  Sept.  13.  Information  being  given  to  the  Lords, 
That  *°me  Rooms  in  Somerfft-Houfe  were  broke 
open,  and  fome  Goods  taken  away,  an  Order  was 
made  to  protect  that  and  the  reft  of  the  King's  Pa- 
laces, as  Whitehall^  St.  James's,  Greenwich-Houfe^ 
Richmond- Houfe,  Hampton-Court,  Oatlands,  Theo- 
balds, Wimbleton-Houfe,  with  all  other  Houfes  what- 
foever,  of  the  King's,  Queen's,  or  the  Piince's. 
Thefe  were  not  to  be  fearched  or  meddled  with,  but 
in  the  Prefence  of  one  Lord  and  two  Members  of 
the  Hou<e  of  Commons  ;  nor  any  Thing  removed  or 
carried  out  of  them,  without  fpecial  Order  from 
both  Houfes  of  Parliament. How  widely  diffe- 
rent is  this  from  an  Ordinance  of  th?  Commons, 
after  the  King's  Death,  for  the  Sale  and  Dijpofal  of 
the  rich  Furniture  c-f  thcfe  Palaces,  and  the  Pictures 
and  Statues  in  them  b  ?  Thefe  laft  would  have  been, 
Now,  ineftimable. 

Sept. 

fc  A  Catalogue  of  thefe,  with  the  Prices  they  fold  for,  (communi- 
cated by  the  late  Jwn  AiyKt,  Efqj  Gartw  Kiog  at  Arms)  will  ap- 
pear in  their  proper  Order  of  Time. 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         393 

Sept.  15.  Sir  William  Waller  having  reprefent- An.  19.  Car.  lf 
ed  to  Parliament  that  he  wanted  a  ftrong  Rein- 
forcement to  guard  the  City,  the  Commons  made 
an  Order  for  imprefling  5000  Men,  out  of  feve- 
ral  Counties,  for  that  Purpofe  ;  in  which  the  very' 
Watermen  on  the  Thames  were  included  j  alledg-  augment  the  City 
ing,  <  That,  in  Time  of  common  Danger  and  Ne-  Guard. 

*  ceflity,  the  Intereft  of  private  Perfons  ought  to 

*  give  Way  to  the  Public/     To  which  the  Lords 
agreed. 

The  fame  Day  a  Letter  frrom  the  Earl  of  EJJex* 
and  another  from  Colonel  Maffey,  relating  the  Con- 
dition of  the  Army,  and  of  the  City  of  Gloucejier, 
directed  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 
were  read.  Neither  of  thefe  Letters  are  entered 
in  their  Journals,  or  in  Rujhivorth ;  and  only 
that  from  the  Earl  is  in  thoie  of  the  Lords,  as 

follows  : 
I 

S  I  R, 

T  Will  not  trouble  you  with  the  Particulars  of  our  The  Earl  of  Ef- 
March,  you  Jhall,  God  ^vi^ing,  hear  that  morefifs  Account  of 
at  large  hereafter.     You  may  be  certified  only  here-  J5  ral  'J1  f-f™ 
by,  that  the  firjl  Time  the  Enemy  appeared  before  ccj}er. 
u;,  was  at  Aynhoe  on  the  Hill,  with  a  very  great 
Body  of  Horfe,  which  Colonel  Middlcton  faced  more 
than  the  whole  Day  with  but  two  Regimentst  and 
jkirmijhed  very  often  with  them.     The  Enemy  faced 
us  afterwards,  at  Stow  on  the  Wold,  without  en- 
gaging themfelves  more  than  by  fmall  Skirmijhes. 

Upon  Tuefday,  in  the  Evening,  the  King's  Forces^ 

feeing  us   approach,  raijed   their  Siege  from  before 

Gloucefter,  whither  it  pleafed  Gcd  we  came  very 

feafonably  j  for  the  Governor  had  not  above  two  or 

three  Barrels  of  Powder  left  ;  yet  had  he  managed 

his  Bufinefs  with  fo  much  Judgment  and  Csuragfy 

that  the  Enemy,  net  knowing  of  J'uch  Want,  had  but 

fmall  Hopes  of  attaining  their  Dejires.     We  now 

jlay  here  only  for  the  relieving  of  Gloucefter  with 

Vicinal 


394       Tie  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

.yiftual  and  other  Provijions,  of  which  there  is  an 
extraordinary  Scarcity. 

That  which  I  mujl  prefs  you  earnejlly  -with  at 
this  Time  is,  firft,  That  there  be  a  fudden  Provi- 
jion  of  eight  or  ten  thoufand  Pounds  to  be  fent  to 
that  Garrifon,  without  which  there  will  be  an  Im~ 
pojjibility  of  maintaining  it  this  fainter  ;  the*  DiJ- 
content  of  the  inferior  Officers  and  common  Soldiers 
being  very  great,  for  Want  of  their  Pay  and  Ar- 
rear ;  they,  at  this  Time,  jujlly  expeftjng  rather  Re- 
ward for  their  good  Service,  than  Want  of  what  is 
due. 

The  fecond,  That  the  thoufand  Foot,  which  the 
Parliament  is  already  engaged,  by  Promifc,  to  fcndy 
may  fpeedily  march  hither  ;  without  which  they  will 
not  be  able  to  fetch  any  Provijions  from  the  Coun- 
try ;  but  the  Enemy  will  be  Majier  to  the  very 
Gates. 

The  third,  That  Sir  William  Waller  may  be 
fpeedily  fent  down  into  thefe  Parts,  which  is  tfo 
only  Means  to  preferve  thofe  Friends  you  have  here  ; 
for  my  own  Army  is  in  fuch  extreme  NeceJJity  for 
Want  of  Pay,  being  now  in  an  Enemy  s  Country, 
and  at  this  Time  within  four  or  five  Miles  of  the 
King's  Army,  where  no  Provijions  can  be  had  but 
for  ready  Money  ;  and  fo  little  Hopes  1  have  of  a 
Supply  from  you,  thai,  unlefs  we  can  prefently  fight, 
we  muji  be  immediately  necejjitated  to  draw  into 
fame  other  Place  which  may  be  nearer  to  Supplies,  and 
have  a  more  free  Inter courfe  with  London. 

Your  allured  Friend, 

Tewkfbury,  Sept.  10,  ESSEX. 

1643. 

After  reading  this  Letter,  and  that  from  Co- 
lonel Majjey,  the  Commons  paficd  the  following 
Votes  : 

i.  c  That  Colonel  Majjey  fhall  have  iooo/.  be- 
ftowed  upon  him,  as  a  Reward  and  an  Acknow- 
ledgement of  his  Service,  whereof  500  /.  to  be 
paid  in  prefent  j  and  that  it  be  recommended  efpe- 

cially 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        395 

daily  to  the  Committee  for  Advance  of  Monies,  An.  19.  Car.  I. 
to  take  Care  that  the  reft  of  the  1000  /.  be  paid  with 
all  convenient  Speed  ;  and  that  the  Lord-General 
be  deftred  to  prefer  him  to  fome  Place  of  Honour 
and  Profit. 

2.  '  That  the  Arrears  of  the  Garrifon  of  GIou- 
cejler  (hall  be  forthwith  paid,  upon  Account  made  ; 
and  that  the  Money  in  Mr.  Stephens's  Hands  (hall 
be  made  4000  /.  and  that  the  Officers  and  Soldiers 
of  that  Garrifon  fhall  have  a  Month's  Pay  beftowed 
upon  them,  as  a  Reward  of  their  Service;  and  the 
Committee  for  Advance  of  Money  are  to  provide 
thefe  Sums  with  all  Speed. 

3.  «  That  it  be  referred  to  the  Committee  of  Safety 
to  take  Order  for  the  fending  of  the  thoufand  Men, 
the  Troops  of  Horfe,  the  Piftols  and  other  Provi- 
fions,  as  defired  by  Col.  Ma/ey's  Letter. 

4.  *  That  a  public  Thankfgiving  be  held,  on  the  A  Thankfgiving 
next  Lord's  Day, 'in  all  the  Churches  of  London  and^yapp0'1^0* 
tycjiminjlcr  and  the  Parifh.es  within  the  Bills  of  Mor-that  Occafion  * 
tality  ;  and  that  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London,  and  the 

Juftices  of  the  Peace  for  Weftminftery  do  give  Di- 
rections accordingly. 

5.  '  That  a  Letter  be  fent  by  both  Houfes  to  the  And  a  Vote  of 
Lord-General,  acknowledging  the  o-reat  Service  heT^an^s<  ®"f<  t(* 

,          j  •        i  j     n •  c    L°      A  •         i      the  Officers, 

has  done,  in  the  conducting  of  his  Army  in  the  Mayor,  and 
difficult  March  to  the  Relief  of  Glouctfter;  and  to  Townsmen, 
give  him  Thanks  for  the  fame  ;  another  to  Colo- 
nel Maffey-y  and  a  third  to  the  Mayor  and  Townf- 
inen  of  Gloucejler^  to  the  fame  Purpofe  ;  alfo  a  Re- 
ward of  20  /.  was  voted  to  the  MefTenger  of  this  im- 
portant News.' 

To  all  which,  the  next  Day,  the  Lords  gave 
their  Concurrence. 

Thus  ended  the  Siege  of  Gloucefter,  the  moft  un- 
fortunate Step  the  King  could  have  taken  ;  for,  after 
it,  his  Affairs  went  backwards,  in  every  Motion,, 
till  they  ended  in  his  own  Ruin. 

Sept.  1 8.  This  Day  the  famous  Inflrument,  cal- 
led   The  Solemn  League   and  Covenant^    was    de- 
bated 


396      *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Aft.  19.  Car.  l.bated  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords.  It  was  brought  up 
1  43'  out  of  Scotland  by  the  Commiflioners  fent  laft 
to  the  General  Aflembly  of  Divines,  at  IVeft- 
minJJer,  and  prefented  to  the  Englifo  Parliament 
for  their  Approbation,  and  was  carried  through  both 
Houfes  with  fmall  Oppofition.  The  Lords,  par- 
ticularly, ordered  a  Committee  of  their  Houfe  to 
join  with  one  of  the  Commons,  and  confult  with 
the  Scots  Commiflioners  about  the  Manner  of  taking 
of  it  in  both  Kingdoms.  The  Form  of  this  Teft 
runs  thus  c : 

Solemn*  "\T  7"E  Noblemen,  Barons,  Knights,  Gentle- 
League  and  Co-<     VV     men,  Citizens,  Burgefles,   Minifters  of 
bTtheTf//!0'  the  Gofpel,  and  Commons  of  all  Sorts,  in  the 
parliament.       '  Kingdoms  of  England,  Scotland,  and  Ireland^  by 
'  the  Providence  of  God   living  under  one  King, 
'  and  being  of  one  Reformed  Religion,  having  be- 
'  fore  our  Eyes  the  Glory  of  God,  and  the  Advancc- 

*  ment  of  the  Kingdom  of  our  Lord  and  Saviour 
'  "Jefus  Cbrift,  the  Honour  and  Happinefs  of  the 
c  King's  Majefty  and  his  Pofterity,    and  the  true 

*  public  Liberty,  Safety,  and  Peace  of  the   King- 
i                    *  doms,  wherein  every  one's   private  Condition  is 

'  included  ;    and  calling  to  Mind  the  treacherous 
«  and  bloody  Plots,   Confpiracies,  Attempts,    and 

*  Practices  of  the  Enemies  of  God,  againft  the  true 
c  Religion,  and  Profeflbrs  thereof,    in  all  Places, 

*  efpecially  in   thefe  Three  Kingdoms,  ever  fmce 

*  the  Reformation  of  Religion,    and   how   much 

*  their 

c  From  the  original  Edition,  published  by  Edward  Hufkandi,  Srp* 
tender  22,  1643.  In  the  Title  Page  it  is  called  A  SnUnm  League 
and  Covenant,  for  Reformation  and  Defence  of  Religion,  the  Hontur 
and  Happinefs  of  tbe  King,  and  the  Peace  and  Safety  of  the  three  King" 
domt  o/"England,  Scotland,  and  Ireland. 

After  which  follow  thefe  Texts  of  Scripture,  which  the  Commons 
ordered  to  be  primed  in  rhe  Title. 

Jer.  1.  5.  Come  let  us  join  ourj'el*oa  to  tbe  Lord  in  a  perpetual  Cove- 
nant that  Jhall  not  be  jorgotten. 

Prov.  xxv.  5.  Takt  aiuay  the  Wicked  from  before  tbe  King,  and  bis 
Throne  fball  be  ejlablijked  in  Right  eoufnefs. 

2  Chron.  xv.  15.  And  all  Judah  rejoiced  at  the  Oalb,  far  they 
bad  /worn  -Mitb  all  their  Heart,  and  fought  bin:  with  their  ii-l  ole 
Drfrc,  and  It  was  found  of  tkerr.  j  and  tbt  Lard  gave  tbtm  Rejl  r^nd 


Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       397 

*  their  Rage,  Power,  and  Prefumption,  are  of  late,  An,  19.  Car.  I« 

*  and  at  this  Time,  increafed  and  exercifed  ;  where- 
«  of  the    deplorable    Eftate   of    the   Church    and 
«  Kingdom  of  Ireland,  the  diftreffed  Eftate  of  the 

*  Church  and  Kingdom  of  England,  and  the  dan- 

*  gerous  Eftate  of  the  Church  and   Kingdom  of 
'  Scotland,  are  at  prcfent  public  Teftimonies  j  we 
'  have  now  at  laft,  (after  other  Means  of  Suppli- 
'  cation,  Remonftrance,  Proteftations,  and  Suffer- 
«  ings)  for  the  Prefervation  of  ourfelves  and  our 
'  Religion  from  utter  Ruin   and  Deftruction,  ac- 
'  cording   to  the  commendable  Practice  of  thefe 
'  Kingdoms   in  former  Times,  and  the  Example 
'  of  God's  People  in  other  Nations,  after  mature 
'  Deliberation,  refolved  and  determined  to  enter  in- 
'  to  a  mutual  and  folemn  League  and  Covenant  ; 

*  wherein  we  all  fubfcribe,  and  each  one  of  us  for 
'  himfelf,  with  our  Hands  lifted  up  to  the  moft  High 
'  God,  do  fwear, 

1.  c  That  we  {hall  fincerely,  really,  and  con- 
4  ftantly,   through  the  Grace  of  God,  endeavour, 
6  in  our  feveral  Places  and  Callings,  the  Preferva- 
'  tion  of  the  Reformed  Religion  in  the  Church  of 
'  Scotland,  in  Doctrine,  Worfhip,  Difcipline,  and 

*  Government,    according  to  the  Word   of  God, 
'  and  the  Example  of  the  beft  Reformed  Churches  ; 
'  and  we  (hall  endeavour  to  bring  the  Churches  of 

*  God,  in  the  Thre